Curtiss P-36 Hawk photo gallery
Curtiss H-81A Hawk - Tomahawk photo gallery
Curtiss P-40 Warhawk photo gallery
Curtiss P-40 Warhawk photo gallery

8th Pursuit Squadron - 8th Fighter Group8th Pursuit Squadron - 8th Fighter Group

emblem USAAF 33rd FS emblem USAAF 35th FS emblem USAAF 36th FS emblem USAAF 36th FS emblem USAAF 55th FS emblem USAAF 55th FS emblem USAAF 68th FS emblem USAAF 80th FS emblem USAAF 80th FS

33d FS - 35th FS - 36th FS - 55th FS - 55th FS - 68th FS - 80th FS - 80th FS


Profile 00: P-40N-5 42-105506 Vellow C of Maj Emmett S Davis, CO of the 35th FS/8th FG, Tsili Tsili, New Guinea, January 1944. Davis earned the nickname Cyclone during 1941 while stationed in Hawaii, where his peers considered him the hottest Army pilot among them. In the summer of 1943, as recently appointed CO of the 35th FS/8th FG, Davis engineered the conversion of his unit from P-39s to new P-40Ns, claiming 42-105506 as his own. He scored his first victory on 27 September 1943 and two more on 26 December 1943. In the latter action, Davis believed he had destroyed at least five Japanese aircraft, but only received confirmation for two. He flew P-38s as commanding officer of the 8th FG, but he had no further opportunities to score.

Osprey - P-40 Warhawk Aces of the Pacific (Aircraft of the Aces 55)

Color Profile 00: USAAF s/n 42-105745 P-40N 8FG35FS West New Guinea 1944

Email from Elizabeth and John Staly : This plane SN: 42-105477 'TONI II' was flown by my great uncle First Lutinent Amos 'Buddy' H. McKee. I have a copy of the missing airplane report along with many of his personal photos but no photos of his plane. It is very exciting to finally see his plane. I am attaching only page 3 of the 12 page missing plane report for you to review. It would be nice to have this entire document posted on your site along with the plane image and a some information about Buddy.

Osprey - P-40 Warhawk Aces of the Pacific

Profile 00: P-40N-5 42-105502 Yellow S of 1Lt Roy A Klandrud, 35th FS/8th FG, New Guinea, February 1944. The 35th FS scored no fewer than 65 confirmed victories during the four months that it operated P-40Ns, and Klandrud was credited with three of them. His Warhawk displays the standard squadron markings of yellow propeller spinner and aircraft letter, plus three Japanese flags below the cockpit, signifying Klandruds single victories on 22 September, 26 November and 26 December 1943. Klandrud returned to the US in October 1944 after completing 196 combat missions with the 35th FS.

Profile 00: P-40N-5 42-105745 Veil ow V of 1Lt Richard L West, 35th FS/8th FG, New Guinea, February 1944. West, whose flying skills and fighting spirit matched those of Davis, was the first pilot in the 35th FS to become an ace. He scored his first two victories on 22 September 1943, with four more on 15 November 1943, when he was credited with two Oscar fighters and two Sally bombers during a wild fight near Kaiapit, New Guinea. The name LUCKY was added on both sides of the nose some weeks after the four-victory mission. West went on to score a further eight victories after the 35th FS re-equipped with P-38s in 1944.

Osprey - P-40 Warhawk Aces of the Pacific (Aircraft of the Aces 55)

8th Fighter Group

Authorized on the inactive list as 8th Pursuit Group on 24 Mar 1923. Activated on 1 Apr 1931. Redesignated 8th Pursuit Group (Fighter) in 1939, and 8th Pursuit Group (Interceptor) in 1941. Trained, took part in maneuvers and reviews, and tested planes and equipment, using PB-2, P-6, P-12, P-35, P-36, P-39, and P-40 aircraft prior to World War II. In Dec 1941, became part of the defense force for the New York metropolitan area. Moved to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater early in 1942. Redesignated 8th Fighter Group in May 1942. Became part of Fifth AF. Equipped first with P-39's, added P-38's and P-40's in 1943, and used P-38's after May 1944.

Established headquarters in Australia in Mar 1942 but sent detachments to New Guinea for operations. Moved to New Guinea in Sep 1942 and served in combat until malaria forced the organization to withdraw to Australia in Feb 1943. Resumed operations in Apr 1943 and served in the theater through the rest of the war. Covered Allied landings, escorted bombers, and attacked enemy airfields in New Guinea; supported operations of the US Marines at Cape Gloucester, Feb-Mar 1944; flew long-range escort and attack missions to Borneo, Ceram, Halmahera, and the southern Philippines; provided cover for convoys, attacked enemy shipping, and won a DUC for strafing a strong Japanese naval force off Mindoro (26 Dec 1944) covered landings at Lingayen; supported ground forces on Luzon; escorted bombers to targets on the Asiatic mainland and on Formosa; and, in the last days of the war, attacked airfields and railways in Japan. Remained in the theater after V-J Day, being based in Japan for duty with Far East Air Forces. Converted to P-51's early in 1946 and to F-80's early in 1950. Redesignated 8th Fighter-Bomber Group in Jan 1950.

Began operations in the Korean War on 26 Jun 1950 by providing cover for the evacuation of US personnel from Seoul. Entered combat the following day. Shifted to F-51 aircraft in Oct 1950 but converted back to F-80's in Dec 1950. Began operating from bases in Korea in Oct 1950, but resumed operations from Japan in Dec 1950 when Communist forces drove far south in Korea. Returned to Korea in Jun 1951. Served in combat until the end of the war, supporting UN ground forces and attacking such targets as airfields, supply lines, and troop concentrations. Maj Charles Loring Jr was awarded the Medal of Honor for his action on 22 Nov 1952: after his plane had been hit and badly crippled as he was leading a flight of four F-80's against enemy artillery at Sniper Ridge, Maj Loring deliberately dived his plane into the gun emplacements. The group converted to F-86's in the spring of 1953 and returned to Japan the following year.

emblem USAAF 33rd FS emblem USAAF 35th FS emblem USAAF 36th FS emblem USAAF 36th FS emblem USAAF 55th FS emblem USAAF 55th FS emblem USAAF 68th FS emblem USAAF 80th FS emblem USAAF 80th FS

33d FS - 35th FS - 36th FS - 55th FS - 55th FS - 68th FS - 80th FS - 80th FS

Squadrons. 33d: 1932-1941. 35th: 1932-. 36th: 1931, 1932-. 55th: 1931-1932. 68th: 1945-1947. 80th: 1942-1945, 1947-.

Stations. Langley Field, Va, 1 Apr 1931; Mitchel Field, NY, c. 5 Nov 1940-26 Jan 1942; Brisbane, Australia, 6 Mar 1942; Townsville, Australia, 29 Jul 1942; Milne Bay, New Guinea, 18 Sep 1942; Mareeba, Australia, Feb 1943; Port Moresby, New Guinea, 16 May 1943; Finschhafen, New Guinea, 23 Dec 1943; Cape Gloucester, New Britain, c. 20 Feb 1944; Nadzab, New Guinea, 14 Mar 1944; Owi, Schouten Islands, 17 Jun 1944; Morotai, 19 Sep 1944; San Jose, Mindoro, 20 Dec 1944; Ie Shima, 6 Aug 1945; Fukuoka, Japan, 22 Nov 1945; Ashiya, Japan, 20 May 1946; Itazuke, Japan, Sep 1946; Ashiya, Japan, 13 Apr 1947; Itazuke, Japan, 25 Mar 1949; Tsuiki, Japan, 11 Aug 1950; Suwon, Korea, 7 Oct 1950; Kimpo, Korea, 28 Oct 1950; Pyongyang, Korea, 25 Nov 1950; Seoul, Korea, 3 Dec 1950; Itazuke, Japan, 10 Dec 1950; Kimpo, Korea, 25 Jun 1951; Suwon, Korea, 24 Aug 1951; Itazuke, Japan, 20 Oct 1954-.

Commanders. Unkn, 1931-1932; Maj Byron Q Jones, 25 Jun 1932; Capt Albert M Guidera, 31 Mar 1934; Lt Col Adlai H Gilkeson, 1 Jul 1935; Lt Col William E Kepner, 7 Jul 1938; Lt Col Edward M Morris, 1 Feb 1940; Lt Col Frederic H Smith Jr, 17 Jan 1941; Lt Col William H Wise, 22 May 1942; Lt Col Leonard B Storm, 8 Mar 1943; Lt Col Philip H Greasley, 10 Apr 1943; Lt Col Emmett S Davis, 18 Jan 1944; Lt Col Philip H Greasley, 28 Jun 1944; Col Earl H Dunham, 8 Aug 1944; Lt Col Emmett S Davis, 16 Jun 1945; Lt Col Robert L Harriger, Dec 1945; Lt Col Fergus C Fay, 24 May 1946; Lt Col Luther H Richmond, Jul 1946; Col Stanley R Stewart, Feb 1947; Col Henry G Thorne Jr, 12 Apr 1947; Col Charles T Olmstead, c. 28 May 1948; Lt Col Richard C Banbury, 18 Aug 1948; Lt Col Woodrow W Ramsey, 18 Mar 1949; Lt Col Charles D Chitty Jr, 21 May 1949; Col William T Samways, 1 May 1950; Col Edward O McComas, 19 May 1951; Col Harvey L Case Jr, 31 Jul 1951; Col Levi R Chase, 22 Jan 1952; Col Walter G Benz Jr, 12 Sep 1952; Col John L Locke, 16 Sep 1953; Lt Col Walter A Rosenfield, 13 May 1954; Col Woodrow B Wilmot, 16 Jul 1954-.

Campaigns. World War II: East Indies; Air Offensive, Japan; China Defensive; Papua; New Guinea; Bismarck Archipelago; Western Pacific; Leyte; Luzon; Southern Philippines. Korean War: UN Defensive; UN Offensive; CCF Intervention; 1st UN Counteroffensive; CCF Spring Offensive; UN Summer-Fall Offensive; Second Korean Winter; Korea Summer-Fall, 1952; Third Korean Winter; Korea Summer-Fall, 1953.

Decorations. Distinguished Unit Citations: Papua, [Sep] 1942-23 Jan 1943; Philippine Islands, 26 Dec 1944; Korea, 16 Sep-2 Nov 1950. Philippine Presidential Unit Citation. Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citations: 27 Jun 1950-31 Jan 1951; 1 Feb 1951-31 Mar 1953.

Insigne Shield: Azure, a chevron nebule or. Crest: On a wreath of the colors (or and azure) three fleur-de-lis or in front of a propeller fesswise azure. Motto: Attaquez Et Conquerez - Attack and Conquer. (Approved 6 Sep 1934.)

 Curtiss P-40 Warhawk and Kittyhawk

   IL-2 Sturmovik 'Cliff's of Dover' Blitz

   IL-2 Sturmovik Battle of Stalingrad

   DCS World - has no 3D model


 Solomon Islands Map

 Cape Gloucester, New Guinea


    Bibliography: +

  • Alexander, Kristin. Clive Caldwell: Air Ace. Crows Nest, NSW: Allen & Unwin, 2006. ISBN 1-74114-705-0.
  • Angelucci, Enzo and Paolo Matricardi. World Aircraft: World War II, Volume II (Sampson Low Guides). Maidenhead, UK: Sampson Low, 1978. ISBN 0-562-00096-8.
  • Arena, Nino. Macchi 205 "Veltro" (in Italian). Modena: Stem Mucchi Editore, 1994.
  • Berliner, Don. Surviving Fighter Aircraft of World War Two: Fighters. London: Pen & Sword Aviation, 2011. ISBN 978-1-8488-4265-6.
  • Boyne, Walter J. Clash of Titans. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994. ISBN 0-671-79370-5.
  • Boyne, Walter J. and Michael Fopp. Air Warfare: An International Encyclopedia. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, 2002. ISBN 1-57607-345-9.
  • Bowers, Peter M. Curtiss Aircraft, 1907–1947. London: Putnam & Company Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-370-10029-8.
  • Bowers, Peter M. and Enzo Angellucci. The American Fighter. New York: Orion Books, 1987. ISBN 0-517-56588-9.
  • Brown, Russell. Desert Warriors: Australian P-40 Pilots at War in the Middle East and North Africa, 1941–1943. Maryborough, Australia: Banner Books, 1983. ISBN 1-875593-22-5.
  • Coyle, Brendan. War on Our Doorstep: The Unknown Campaign on North America's West Coast. Victoria, BC: Heritage House Publishing Co. Ltd., 2002. ISBN 978-1-894384-46-9.
  • Crawford, Jerry L. Messerschmitt BF 110 Zerstörer in action. Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, 1977. ISBN 0-89747-029-X.
  • Dean, Francis H. America's Hundred Thousand. Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Publishing Ltd., 1997. ISBN 0-7643-0072-5.
  • Donald, David, ed. "Curtiss Model 81/87 (P-40 Warhawk)"Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. Etobicoke, Ontario, Canada: Prospero, 1997. ISBN 1-85605-375-X.
  • Drabkin, Artem. The Red Air Force at War: Barbarossa and the Retreat to Moscow – Recollections of Fighter Pilots on the Eastern Front. Barnsley, South Yorkshire, UK: Pen & Sword Military, 2007. ISBN 1-84415-563-3.
  • Ford, Daniel. Flying Tigers: Claire Chennault and His American Volunteers, 1941-1942. Washington, D.C.: HarperCollins|Smithsonian Books, 2007. ISBN 0-06-124655-7.
  • Ethell, Jeffrey L. and Joe Christy. P-40 Hawks at War. Shepperton, UK: Ian Allan Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-7110-0983-X.
  • Ford, Daniel. 100 Hawks for China: The Story of the Shark-Nosed P-40 That Made the Flying Tigers Famous. Warbird Books, 2014
  • Glancey, Jonathan. Spitfire: The Illustrated Biography. London: Atlantic Books, 2006. ISBN 978-1-84354-528-6.
  • Gordon, Yefim. Soviet Air Power in World War 2. Hinckley, Leicestershire, UK: Midland Ian Allan Publishing, 2008. ISBN 978-1-85780-304-4.
  • Green, William. War Planes of the Second World War, Volume Four: Fighters. London: MacDonald & Co. (Publishers) Ltd., 1961 (Sixth impression 1969). ISBN 0-356-01448-7.
  • Green, William and Gordon Swanborough. WW2 Aircraft Fact Files: US Army Air Force Fighters, Part 1. London: Macdonald and Jane's Publishers Ltd., 1977. ISBN 0-356-08218-0.
  • Gunston, Bill. Gli aerei della 2a Guerra Mondiale. Milan: Alberto Peruzzo Editore, 1984.
  • Gunston, Bill, ed. The Illustrated History of Fighters. New York, New York: Exeter Books Division of Simon & Schuster, 1981. ISBN 0-89673-103-0.
  • Hardesty, Von. Red Phoenix: The Rise of Soviet Air Power 1941–1945. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1982. ISBN 0-87474-510-1.
  • Higham, Robin. Flying American Combat Aircraft of WW II. Manhattan, Kansas: Sunflower University Press, 2004. ISBN 0-8117-3124-3.
  • Horn, Alex. Wings Over the Pacific: The RNZAF in the Pacific Air War. Auckland, NZ: Random House New Zealand, 1992. ISBN 1-86941-152-8
  • Johnsen, F.A. P-40 Warhawk (Warbird History). St. Paul, Minnesota: Motorbooks International, 1999. ISBN 0-7603-0253-7
  • King, John. The Whole Nine Yards: The Story of an Anzac P-40. Auckland, NZ: Reed Books, 2002. ISBN 0-7900-0835-1. (A P-40 with No. 75 Squadron RAAF)
  • Kinzey, Bert. Attack on Pearl Harbor: Japan Awakens a Sleeping Giant. Blacksburg, Virginia: Military Aviation Archives, 2010. ISBN 978-0-9844665-0-4.
  • Lavigne, J.P.A. Michel and James F. Edwards. Kittyhawk Pilot. Battleford, Saskatchewan, Canada: Turner-Warwick, 1983. ISBN 0-919899-10-2.
  • Matricardi, Paolo. Aerei Militari: Caccia e Ricognitori - Volume 1 (in Italian). Milan: Electa Mondadori, 2006.
  • McDowell, Earnest R. Famous Aircraft: The P-40 Kittyhawk. New York: ARCO Publishing Company, 1968.
  • Mellinger, George. Soviet Lend-Lease Fighter Aces of World War 2 (Osprey Aircraft of the Aces No. 74). Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 2006. ISBN 1-84603-041-2.
  • Merriam, Ray. U. S. Warplanes of World War II. Bennington, Virginia: Merriam Press, 2000. ISBN 1-57638-167-6.
  • Molesworth, Carl. P-40 Warhawk Aces of the MTO (Osprey Aircraft of the Aces No. 43). London: Osprey Publishing, 2002. ISBN 1-84176-288-1.
  • Molesworth, Carl. P-40 Warhawk Aces of the Pacific (Aircraft of the Aces). London: Osprey Publishing, 2003. ISBN 1-84176-536-8.
  • Molesworth, Carl. P-40 Warhawk Aces of the CBI(Osprey Aircraft of the Aces No. 35). Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 2000. ISBN 1-84176-079-X.
  • Molesworth, Carl. P-40 Warhawk vs Ki-43 Oscar: China 1944–45. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 2008. ISBN 1-84603-295-4.
  • Müller, Rolf-Dieter. Der Bombenkrieg 1939–1945 (in German). Berlin: Links Verlag, 2004. ISBN 3-86153-317-0.
  • Murphy, Justin D. and Matthew A. McNiece. Military aircraft, 1919-1945: An Illustrated History of their Impact. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, 2009. ISBN 978-1-85109-498-1.
  • Neulen, Hans Werner. In the Skies of Europe: Air Forces Allied to the Luftwaffe, 1939–1945 Ramsbury, Marlborough, UK: The Crowood Press, 2005. ISBN 1-86126-799-1.
  • Pentland, Geoffrey. The P-40 Kittyhawk in Service. Melbourne, Victoria, Australia: Kookaburra Technical Publications Pty. Ltd., 1974. ISBN 0-85880-012-8.
  • Snedden, Robert. World War II Combat Aircraft. Bristol, UK: Factfinders Parragon, 1997. ISBN 0-7525-1684-1.
  • Rudge, Chris. Air-To-Air: The Story Behind the Air-to-Air Combat Claims of the RNZAF. Lyttelton, Canterbury, New Zealand: Adventure Air, 2003 ISBN 0-473-09724-9.
  • Scott, Robert L. Damned to Glory. New York: Scribner's, 1944. No ISBN.
  • Scutts, Jerry. Bf 109 Aces of North Africa and the Mediterranean. London: Osprey Publishing, 1994. ISBN 1-85532-448-2.
  • Shamburger, Page and Joe Christy. The Curtiss Hawk Fighters. New York: Sports Car Press Ltd., 1971. ISBN 0-87112-041-0.
  • Shores, Christopher and Hans Ring. Fighters over the Desert. London: Neville Spearman Limited, 1969. ISBN 0-668-02070-9.
  • Shores, Christopher and Clive Williams. Aces High: A Further Tribute to the Most Notable Fighter Pilots of the British and Commonwealth Air Forces in WWII, v. 2. London: Grub Street, 1994. ISBN 1-898697-00-0.
  • Thomas, Andrew. Tomahawk and Kittyhawk Aces of the RAF and Commonwealth. London: Osprey Books, 2002. ISBN 1-84176-083-8.
  • United States Air Force Museum Guidebook. Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio: Air Force Museum Foundation, 1975.
  • Vader, John. Pacific Hawk. London: MacDonald & Co, 1970.
  • Weal, John. Jagdgeschwader 27 'Afrika' . Oxford, UK: Osprey, 2003. ISBN 1-84176-538-4.

    Magazines: +

  • Airfix Magazines (English) -
  • Avions (French) -
  • FlyPast (English) -
  • Flugzeug Publikations GmbH (German) -
  • Flugzeug Classic (German) -
  • Klassiker (German) -
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) -
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) -
  • Osprey (English) -
  • Revi Magazines (Czech) -

    Web References: +

  • -
  • -
  • -
  • -
Come and visit my other site and book a tarot reading wih me!

This webpage was updated 24th July 2022