Jagdgeschwader 51 - JG51
Messerschmitt Bf 109E4 Geschwader Stab JG51 (-+- Werner Molders France 1940
Aircrew Luftwaffe Pilots JG51 Werner Molders and Generaloberst Heinz Guderian 01-02
Photo 01: Molders (left) seen here with the Commander of Panzergruppe 2, Generaloberst Heinz Guderian (right).
Photo 02: Molders and General Guderian in discussion at the end of June or beginning of July 1941. Standing between them is Hptm. Hermann-Friedrich Joppien, who had become Kommandeur of I./JG51 on 18 October 1940.
Aircrew Luftwaffe Pilots 3./JG51 Werner Molders with Galland and Goring 01
Photo 01: The two young Geschwader Kommodore, Werner Molders and Adolf Galland in discussion with Reichsmarschall Hermann Goring at an unidentified location in France during the summer of 1940.
Aircrew Luftwaffe Pilots 3./JG51 Werner Molders 01-09
Photo 02: Oberst Molders seen during his tenure as Inspekteur der Jagdflieger during a tour of the Crimea in the Autumn of 1941.
Photo 03: Sitting in the cockpit of his Bf 109F, Werner Molders is seen here describing another sortie.
Photo 04: Molders is seen here exiting the cockpit of his Bf 109E-3 during the latter part of August 1940.
Photo 05: Molders in the cockpit of his Bf 109R One of the first members of the Jagdwaffe to take the new 'Friedrich' into combat in October 1940, this photo may well be from that period.
Photo 06: Oberstleutnant Molders as photographed by his wife at his desk at the Air Ministry just before leaving for the Eastern Front.
Photo 07: Oberstleutnant Werner Molders, photographed returning from combat on 15 July 1941 when he claimed his 100th and 101st victories. As the first pilot to reach such a score, Molders was awarded the Diamonds, a decoration subsequently awarded to other members of the Wehrmacht but which, at that time, was specially created for him.
Photo 09: On 7 August 1941, Obstlt.Werner Molders, Kommodore of JG51, was promoted to Oberst, appointed Inspekteur der Jagdflieger in Berlin and ordered not to fly any further operational missions. Here, Molders is seen with his successor, Major I. G. Friedrich Beckh.
Aircrew Luftwaffe JG51 pilot Werner Molders Plane Crash Nov 22, 1941 01
Photo 01: On 22 November, Oberst Werner Molders boarded a Heinkel 111 of KG27 at Chaplinka which was to fly him back to Germany where he was to attend the funeral of the Luftwaffe's chief of procurement and supply, Ernst Udet. However, the aircraft in which he was a passenger crashed at Breslau-Gandau and Molders was killed.
Aircrew Luftwaffe JG51 pilot Werner Molders Funeral Nov 28 1941 01-05
Photo 01: The ceremony was attended by Goring (LEFT), seen here walking behind the gun-carriage bearing Molders's coffin.
Photo 02: Molders' funeral procession was in true military fashion; his coffin was carried on a gun carriage flanked by a guard of honor. Following immediately behind is Herman Goring who in turn is followed by five of the most highly decorated Jagdflieger.
Photo 03: The Fuhrer pays his respects.
Photo 04: Reichsmarschall Goring leading the funeral procession. In the front rank, from left to right, are Siegfried Schnell,]osef Priller, Hans 'Assi' Hahn and Werner Streib. Erhard Milch is visible between Schnell and Priller.
Photo's 05: The Reichsmarschall raises his baton in a final salute to Molders whose death was a severe blow for the Wehrmacht, and especially for JG51. Later, this unit was awarded an honour-title and officers and men serving with the Geschwader were entitled to wear on their right sleeve a cuff band embroidered with the words 'Jagdgeschwader Molders'.
Photo 01: Although Molders' appointment to a Staff position meant he had to leave JG51, he remained in contact with the operational units and is seen here at Varsovia in August or September while flying to or from the front. Molders flew several similarly marked Bf 109Fs, and while the particular machine seen here retained the Kommodore markings and emblem of JG51, note that the Abschussbalken appear only on the port side of the rudder. Evident, too, in the photograph (RIGHT) is the number of men anxious for a glimpse of the famous ace.
Aircrew Luftwaffe aces Adolf Galland and Werner Molders 01-02
Aircrew Luftwaffe aces Robert Ritter von Greim and Walter Oesau III/.JG51 France 1940 01
Aircrew Luftwaffe aces Werner Molders with Galland and Goring 01
Aircrew Luftwaffe ace Werner Molders and Generaloberst Heinz Guderian 01-02
Aircrew Luftwaffe Gruppenkommandeur II/.JG51 Gunther Matthes addressing 4 Staffel with Josef Fozo facing 01
Aircrew Luftwaffe Gruppenkommandeur III/.JG3 Walter Oesau 01
Aircrew Luftwaffe Stab IV/.JG51 Friedrich Beckh 01-06
Aircrew Luftwaffe Werner Molders and Generaloberst Heinz Guderian 01-02
Aircrew Luftwaffe Werner Molders was a great inspiration to fellow pilots Der Adler Dec 1942
Aircrew Lufwaffe future ace Hermann Graf is adjusting a pair of Binoculars Speyer Germany 1939 01
Aircrew Molders killed in He 111 KG27 (1G+TH) Nov 22 1941 01
Aircrew Werner Molders was killed as a passenger in this He 111 which crashed Nov 22 1941 01
A full military honor funeral was held for Werner Molders after his tragic death Nov 28 1941 01-05
Aircrew ground personnel congratulate Hermann Graf May 1942 01-02
Aircrew Luftwaffe ace I/.JG51 Horst Tietzen 1940 01-02
Aircrew Luftwaffe ace III/.JG26 Josef Priller signed 01
Aircrew Luftwaffe ace III/.JG51 Walter Oesau France Aug 1940 01-02
Aircrew Luftwaffe ace JG51 pilot Werner Molders 01-08
Aircrew Luftwaffe ace JG51 Viktor Molders 1940 01
Aircrew Luftwaffe ace JG52 ace Hermann Graf 1941 01
Aircrew Luftwaffe ace JG54 Werner Pichon Kalau vom Hofe Russia 1942 01
Aircrew Luftwaffe ace 5/.JG54 Hannes Trautloft Russia Aug 6 1941 01
Aircrew Luftwaffe ace 6/.JG51 Josef Priller 01
Aircrew Luftwaffe ace 6/.JG51 Josef Priller 02
Aircrew Luftwaffe ace 9/.JG52 Alfred Grislawski Crimea Russia July 1 1942 01
Aircrew Luftwaffe ace 9/.JG52 Hermann Graf Germany 1942 01-02
Aircrew Luftwaffe ace 9/.JG52 Hermann Graf Russia Sep 16 1942 01
Aircrew Luftwaffe aces 9/.JG52 Graf and Alfred Grislawski Crimea Russia 1942 01
Messerschmitt Bf 109E JG51 Mannheim-Sandhofen, Germany 1941 01
Photo 01: In December 1940, I. and II./JG51 moved to Mannheim-Sandhofen in Germany to rest. Early in the new year, JG51 began adorning its aircraft with the new buzzard's head emblem, an example of which may be seen on this yellow-nosed Bf 109E, believed to have been flown by 1. Staffel, in February 1941.
I. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 51 - I./JG51
Messerschmitt Bf 109E3 1 Staffel I./JG51 white 11-belly landed Eindhoven Belgium 1940
Messerschmitt Bf 109E 1 Staffel I./JG51 white 2 swastikas censored heavly belly landed
Messerschmitt Bf 109E 1 Staffel I./JG51 on standby France August 1940 01
Photo 01: Partially hidden by branches, a Bf 109E of I./JG51 and its snoozing pilot wait at readiness, late August. Just visible under the lower edge of the windscreen is the 'Kitzbiihler' mountain goat emblem of I./JG51.
Messerschmitt Bf 109E 1 Staffel I./JG51 ground crew France 1940 01
Messerschmitt Bf 109E 1 Staffel I./JG51 Ofw. Oskar Sicking shot down Audinghem, France July 20, 1940 01
Photo's 01-02: 1 Staffel I./JG51 suffered its first loss during the Battle of Britain when Ofw. Oskar Sicking was shot down and killed north of Audinghem, France on 20 July 1940. He was killed despite making an attempt to bale out of his stricken aircraft which is seen here lying on the beach following the crash.
Messerschmitt Bf 109E 1 Staffel I./JG51 France Nov 11, 1940 01
An airfield scene showing aircraft of 1 Staffel I./JG51. On 11 November 1940, this Gruppe carried out a' freie Jagd over the Thames Estuary in which 1. Staffellost two pilots including the Kapitan, Oblt. Georg Claus, an experienced pilot with 18 victories who was killed. Latest research indicates that Claus may have been flying an early Bf 109F-1, radio code SG+ED. He was replaced by Oblt. Friedrich Eberle.
II. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 51 - II./JG51
Messerschmitt Bf 109E II./JG51 under repair Desvre, France Sep. 1940 01
Photo's 01-02: Two views of a Bf 109E-3 from II./JG51 based at Desvre. The aircraft appears to be under repair after sustaining slight underwing radiator damage and has also its 20 mm MG FF wing cannon removed.
III. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 51 - III./JG51
Messerschmitt Bf 109E4 III.JG51 showing part of the III gruppe emblem France 1940
- COD game skin by asisbiz Bf 109E1 7/.JG51 (White 9+~) Werner Molders Brandenburg Briest Sep 1939
- COD game skin by AA Bf 1093 3/.JG51 early emblem and markings SNM
- AA Attila 02-26-2012
Awards: Fighter Operational Clasp
Known Aircraft: Bf 109E-4 (lost)
Remarks: KIA during aerial combat, crash landing on the Channel coast near the Audembert/Wissant airfield. Jager Blatt 6/2004. He attempted to make an emergency landing when the AC overturned and he was killed. At age 39 at the time, he was one of the oldest German fighter pilots.
Units: Kdr IV./JG-51 (3/41), Kdr JG-51 (7/41), Kdr JG-52 (6/42), RLM Staff
Awards: RK(9/18/41), EP(5/11/42), EK 1 & 2, Wound Badge, Fighter Operational Clasp
Known Aircraft: Bf 109F-4 WNr 13362 'White 4' (lost 6/21/42)
Remarks: MIA after hit by flak on a low level mission by Waluiki, east of Kharkov, and subsequently forced landing. Was probably taken prisoner. His first known victory, a Spitfire of RAF No.610 Sq. off Boulogne on 5 March, 1941, during the Battle of Britain. His 2nd, a Spitfire 20 km N of LeTouquet on 10 March, 1941. His 3rd, a Spitfire 20 km N of Cape Blanc Nez on 6 May, 1941. His 4th a Hurricane 10 km N of Calais on 21 May, 1941. His 1st Soviet victory, a DJ-6 on 22 June, 1941. A DB-3 on 27 June, 1941. A DB-3 on 2 December, 1941. An I-18 on 24 February, 1942. An I-61 on 31 March, 1942. An Il-2 on 4 August, 1942. An Il-2 3 km W of Shalonino on 3 December, 1942. Two Il-4's on 3 July, 1943. Two Il-2's (m.H.) on 10 January, 1944. An additional 20 AC were destroyed on the ground. Scored JG-51's 2000th victory. Mölders successor as Kdr. JG-51. WIA 16 September, 1941, serious enough to be replaced by Günther Lützow.
Friedrich Beckh was born in Niirnberg on 17 January 1908.Although his early years, and also those of his brother, Wilhelm were marred by the premature death of their mother, they were fortunate to find in their father's second wife a good stepmother who also gave them a stepbrother. After completing his Abitur, or school leaving examination, Friedrich Beckh entered the then 100,000-man strong German Army in 1926 and joined the cavalry. There, in spite of his height and weight (he was nearly two metres tall, weighed almost 100kg and wore size 47/48 shoes) he succeeded in becoming one of the best riders in his unit and participated in many riding competitions. Beckh, however, had always been attracted by the thrills and risks associated with speed and, shortly after the official creation of the Luftwaffe, he asked for a transfer to the still-expanding German Air Force. Officially integrated into the Luftwaffe with the rank of Oberleutnant in 1935, he started flying training and, simultaneously, began to enter air rallies and races where soon he again became well known for his skill. Later, he also developed an attraction for elegant sports cars and his men became accustomed to see him arrive at his airfield in these splendid vehicles.
Naturally, in view of his character, Beckh opted to fly fighter aircraft and, despite his unusual height and weight, was posted toJG 134 in 1936. Nevertheless, at the beginning of the war, because he was then over 30 years of age, he did not take part in any war flights and was sent instead to the Luftkriegsschule where he occupied different positions in the General Staff. It was probably there that he met Werner Molders, with whom he became a close friend and whose operational experience in the Spanish Civil War was often cited in the different levels of authority within thejagdwaffe.
On 27 July 1940, Major Molders became Kommodore ofJG 51 and,shortly afterwards, he arranged for Hptm. Beckh to transfer to that Geschwader, Beckh arriving in October as an officer detached from the General Staff. At the year's end, Beckh was promoted Major i.G. and, at the same time, I./JG 77, which had for several weeks been under the command of JG 51, officially became IV/JG 51, so making JG 51 the first jagdgeschwader to possess four full Gruppen. On 16 February 1941, the Kommandeur of IV/JG51, Hptm. Johannes Janke, left the unit to take over a position in the Stab of a Nachtjagddivision and, while awaiting a new, official Gruppenkommandeur, Obit. Hans-Karl Keitel, formerly Staffelkapitan of 10./JG51, was meanwhile selected to lead the Gruppe. Although it was unusual to have an Oberleutnant in a position normally occupied by a Major, or at the very least by a Hauptmann, Molders had chosen to appoint Keitel, who then had eight victories, in accordance with Goring's wish to have only experienced and successful pilots in positions of command. However, Keitel's tenure as acting Kommandeur was brief as he was killed in action on 26 February 1941 and Molders was again faced with the problem of appointing a successor.
|Date||Pilot Name||Unit||Enemy A/C Type||Height||Time||Location|
|22-Jun-41||Friedrich Beckh||Stab IV./JG51||DJ-6||06.25|
|24-Jun-41||Friedrich Beckh||Stab IV./JG51||DB-3||09.25|
|27-Jun-41||Friedrich Beckh||Stab IV./JG51||DB-3||10.05|
|21-Jun-42||Friedrich Beckh||Stab /JG51||(Flak)||bei Waluiki Flakbeschuss|
|21-May-41||Friedrich Beckh||Stab IV.JG51||Hurricane||3500m||18.00||10km N. Calais|
|06-May-41||Friedrich Beckh||Stab IV.JG51||Spitfire||13.55||20km Cap Blanc Nez|
|05-Mar-41||Friedrich Beckh||Stab IV.JG51||Spitfire||14.50||W. Boulogne|
|10-Mar-41||Friedrich Beckh||Stab IV.JG51||Spitfire||2000m||17.25||20km W. Le Touquet 800-10m|
Werner Molders was born at Gelsenkirchen/Westfalia on 18 March 1913. At the time of Werner's birth his father, Victor, was working as a teacher in England but with the outbreak of war in August 1914 he was forced to escape home to Germany aboard a neutral Dutch ship. On returning home, he joined the German Army and was subsequently commissioned as a Leutnant, only to be killed while serving with Infantrie Regiment 145 near Vauquois on the Argonne Front on 2 March 1915 shortly before Werner's second birthday. Following the death of her husband his mother, Anna-Maria, returned to her family in Brandenburg/Havel, faced with the difficult task of raising four children (Hans Anne-Marie, Werner and Victor) on her own. The Molders family were devout Catholics but lived in a very strong Protestant environment. Since religion can often offer a form of lonely sanctuary, Werner developed into a very serious boy and would retain a seriousness all his life.
Service in the Army
Deciding to follow in his father's footsteps, Werner wanted to become an army officer. Obtaining his 'Abitur' at the age of 17, he enlisted in the small army allowed to Germany by the provisions of the 1919 Versailles Treaty. On 1 April 1931, he joined II./IR 2 at Allenstein in East Prussia. In October 1932, he was transferred to the Kriegsschule at Dresden and to the Pionierschule at Miinchen in June 1932. With aviation becoming the great dream of many young Germans who remembered the First World War exploits of Bokke and von Richthofen, the rise to power of the National Socialist Party in 1933 and the creation of a new air force gave Werner the opportunity to transfer to that arm of the services. But, as with his future contemporary Adolf Galland, Molders would also suffer problems. Whereas Galland's eyes were deficient, Molders suffered from a fear of heights, a fear that he would conquer with a major effort of willpower.
Service in the Luftwaffe
On 6 February 1934 Molders joined the DVS (Deutsche Verkehrsfliegerschule) at Cottbus and remained there until the end of that year. Following his promotion to Leutnant on 1 March 1934, he trained with Kampfliegerschule Tutow and jagdfliegerschule Schleissheim until the middle of 1935. On 1 July 1935, he was transferred to Fliegergruppe Schwerin, a ground support unit which was later redesignated I./St.G. 162 Immelmann. Flying He-45s and He-46s, he was transferred to fighters the following year. Promoted to Oberleutnant on 1 April 1936, he led the Jagdschulstaffel of II./JG134 Horst Wessel at Werl in Westfalia where his commanding officer was Major Theodor Osterkamp, a veteran of the First World War, credited with 32 aerial victories. On 15 March 1937 Molders took command of I.Staffel of I./JG334 at Wiesbaden and his unit, equipped with the Heinkel He-51, would be successively redesignated I./JG133, and then I./JG53 Pik As.
The seriously-minded Molders was still a bachelor when he was sent to Spain in May 1938. On the 24th of that month he succeeded Adolf Galland as Kapitan of 3./J88. This was the first time that the paths of the two men crossed. At the same time, the obsolete He 51s were replaced by the new Bf109 Dora which would later be replaced by the Emil becoming the best fighter used by either side during the Spanish Civil War. Combining his own abilities with the qualities of the Messerschmitt fighter, Molders quickly achieved success and in his first aerial engagement, shot down an 1-15. Four days later, two further victories were added, another 1-15 and an 1-16.With the exception of an SB-2 shot down on 23 August 1938, Molders would claim only Polikarpov fighters until the end of his stay in Spain. On his return to Germany on 5 December 1938, he was credited with 14 victories plus an additional three that were unconfirmed. Promoted to Hauptmann as the highest scoring German ace of the Spanish Civil War, he was then temporarily assigned (as had been Galland earlier) to the Air Ministry to study and improve fighter tactics based upon experiences gained during the Spanish conflict. His influence was to be enormous in that he proposed the deployment of a loose formation of four aircraft - the 'Schwarm' - broken up into two elements of two - the'Rotte'.
The 'Sitzkrieg' While Galland was transferred to II.(Schlacht)/LG 2 equipped with the Hs-123, Molders returned to his old fighter unit to lead I./JG53 (formerly-1.I.JG133). It was during this time that he acquired his nickname of 'Vati' ('Papa') due to his serious nature, experience and rigidity. This nickname was not intended as offensive but one which was born out of respect. No-one feared Molders and he was very popular amongst his pilots. He was not an impetuous man and could drink a glass of beer like the rest - but never two!
If his successes in Spain were partly due to his good fortune in receiving the best aircraft of its time, then the Sitzkrieg - or Phoney War - was to prove that he was an excellent fighter pilot and tactician. His introduction to the new campaign was, nevertheless, quite unsettling. On 8 September 1939, he led three other Bf 109s in an attack on six French Curtiss H-75s of GC11/4 north of Karlsruhe. In the ensuing dogfight, Molders' Bf109 was heavily damaged, forcing him to crash land in a field near Wolfersweiler. Trapped in his cockpit and slightly wounded, he had to wait for a local Flak crew to release him. Strangely, the French pilots involved claimed two victories, attributed to three pilots (SIC Cruchant being credited with two claims combined with two other pilots)!
Molders recovered quickly and claimed his first victory over the border twelve days later. Taking off with his Schwarm to Trier, he destroyed another H-75 of GC11/5 from a patrol escorting a reconnaissance aircraft. Sgt Quequiner, piloting N°21, was able to bale out of this aircraft which crashed near Merzig.
After being promoted Kommandeur of III./JG53, Molders celebrated his new command by shooting down a Blenheim I (16694) of No. 57Sqn engaged in reconnaissance along the Moselle on 30 October 1939 but would have to wait until 22 December to obtain his third victory in France. While escorting a Do-17P of 1.(F)/123, he attacked some fighters identified as 'Moranes' but which were in fact, Hurricane Is of No. 73Sqn RAE With his wingman, Oblt. von Hahn, he shot down two (11967 and N2385) near Budange. With the onset of bad weather, the first months of 1940 were quiet but on 2 March, at the end of a very scrappy encounter, Hptm. Molders and Uftz. Neuhoff were able to claim two Hurricanes (11808 and L1958) from No. 73Sqn which crashed near Metz. The following day, again around Metz, Molders engaged a Morane Saulnier 406 of GCII/3. This was claimed destroyed but, in fact, C/C Koerber, although wounded, managed to land his damaged aircraft at Toul airfield. On 26 March, another MS-406 was claimed near Trier, but this proved to be a Hurricane of No. 73Sqn whose pilot, F/O Edgar James 'Cobber' Kain of the RNZAF, baled out after having previously been shot down on 2 March! On 2 April, another Hurricane, this time from No.1Sqn, was shot down near St Avold but the pilot was able to force-land his heavily damaged fighter behind the Allied lines and avoid capture.
On 20 April, III./JG53 were flying in the Zweibrucken area where they encountered Curtiss H-75s of GC11/4 escorting a Potez 63.11 reconnaissance aircraft of GR11/36. In the combat that ensued, anti-aircraft guns shot at both sides! An H-75 N°136 fell to Molders while another was damaged by Flak. The pilot, C/C Cruchand, was seriously wounded but managed to crash-land his fighter near Biesbriick. On 23 April, Molders claimed his last victory of the Sitzkrieg when he shot down a Hurricane I (N2391) of No. 73Sqn during the morning near Sierck-les-Bains, the pilot, Sgt C. Campbell parachuting to safety. During this campaign, Hptm. Molders was credited with nine additional victories while Adolf Galland flew only ground support. By the time Galland did transfer to the fighter arm, Werner Molders had 23 official victories.
The Campaign in the West
On 10 May 1940, III./JG53 was based at Wiesbaden airfield and Molders had to wait four days before he was credited with his first victory during the invasion of the West, this being a Hurricane on the 14th of the month. During the first days of the attack and mainly over France, III./JG53 had to escort the bombers and were ordered not to attack enemy fighters. On 15 May, Werner Molders at the celebratory dinner after receiving the Ritterkreuz on 29 May 1940 having achieved 20 aerial victories at this time, another Hurricane was claimed by the Kommandeur, but it would be a French cockade that was later painted on the rudder of all his aircraft to record that particular victory. On 17 May, III./JG53 was transferred to Douzy, near Sedan in France from where the unit flew air cover sorties over the Wehrmacht spearheads advancing near Cambrai. On 19 May, Molders was credited with a 'P-36' (almost certainly a Bloch 152, which was often confused with the Curtiss). During the evening of the 20th Molders claimed his 13th victim, a British bomber described as a 'Wellesley'. On 21 May, three MS-406s were shot down (apparently aircraft from GC1/6 and III./6) and on the 22nd, it was the turn of a Potez 63.11, N0315 of GAO1/514, shot down near Montagne de Reims. Another Morane was lost during the evening of 25 May (Molders' 18th victory) and on the 27th two Blochs, thought to have been from GC1/8, were claimed south of Amiens.
With 20 victories over France and 14 in Spain, Molders was awarded the Ritterkreuz which was presented to him on Loe airfield, near Le Selve. On 31 May, near Abbeville, Molders shot down a LeO 451 of GB1/12. On 3 June, during Operation Paula (launched primarily as a propaganda operation), Molders claimed two victories - a Curtiss H-75 (which, in fact, was a Bloch 152, and which was subsequently identified on his rudder with a British roundel!) and, very unusually, a Spitfire. Exactly, what a Spitfire was doing near Paris at a time when all RAF units had retreated to their bases in England to fight over Dunkirk is unclear. The 'Spitfire' was probably a D.520 of GC1/3. Two days later, Molders experienced altogether different circumstances. At around noon, he was credited with the destruction of a Bloch 152 (N°651 of GC 118?) and a Potez 63.11 (N0250 of GAO 501?) and later that afternoon, whilst on his second mission of the day, he spotted some 'Moranes' attacking some Bf 109s. He decided to intervene but the 'MS-406s' turned out to be potent D.520s of GC11/7. Having under estimated the enemy type, Molders was shot down by S/Lt Rene Pommier Layrargues, his Bf109E-3 crashing near Canly. Molders was able to parachute to safety, but was captured on the ground by soldiers of 195e RALT, an artillery unit who set upon him before an officer intervened. Interested in the man who shot him down, Molders asked to meet him, only to find that Pommier Layrargues was already dead, having been brought down and killed at Marissel a few minutes after their engagement.
Molders ended the Westfeldzug in a French POW camp at Montferrand.With the fall of France, he was eventually freed at the end of June 1940 and this is where there is cause for some interesting speculation! If he had been captured by the British in May, he would almost certainly have been sent to a POW camp in Canada, ending the war in safety and terminating the career of a great pilot. But as a prisoner of the French, he was liberated and became - posthumously - a flying legend. Which was the better fate?
The Battle of Britain
After a short period of leave, Molders, promoted to Major on 19 July, returned to III./JG53. Soon afterwards, however, he left to take over command of JG51. At that time, Adolf Galland was appointed to lead III./JG26 after having shot down 14 planes in the Westfeldzug whilst with JG27.
As is often the case, establishing a new command proved hectic for Molders. On 28 July, the new Kommodore damaged a Spitfire I (P9429) of No. 41Sqn, RAF. Wounded in the thigh, the pilot, F/O A.D.J. Lovell, managed to land his damaged aircraft at Hornchurch. F/O Lovell survived to become an ace in his own right, only to be killed in a flying accident in 1945. Shortly afterwards, Molders himself was shot down by F/Lt John Webster of the same Sqn. This was Webster's fifth claim but he was killed on 5 September 1940 when his parachute failed to open after baling out following a collision with another Spitfire of 41Sqn. (Author's note: another source attributes this claim to the ace, 'Sailor' Malan of 74Sqn). Wounded in the knee, Molders was able to force-land his damaged Bf109 on the French coast. He returned to his unit on 7 August, but would have to wait some time before he could fly again.
On 26 August 1940, Molders submitted his 27th claim, another Spitfire. By 20 September, his score had reached 40 enemy aircraft shot down, proof that the battles over England were very intense and on that day, he was credited with two more Spitfires (X4417 and N3248) of No. 92Sqn and was awarded the Oak Leaves to his Ritterkreuz. He was only the second member of the German armed forces to receive the decoration. Four days later, Adolf Galland also received the award, becoming the third person to do so. It was at about this time that German newspapers devised a kind of competition between the two aces. One publication would be 'for Molders' another 'for Galland'; in reality however, Molders was not interested in such 'competition'. He told Galland: 'In this war; you will be the Richthofen and I the Bolcke' - yet further proof that the serious Kommodore was more interested in tactics than glory.
Molders score continued to increase; on 27 September, it was a Spitfire over Kent, possibly P9364 of No. 222Sqn. piloted by Sgt Ernest Scott, who was killed after having shot down a Bf109 - his fifth confirmed victory. On 11 October, another Spitfire I went down (X4562 of No. 66Sqn) and next day, three Hurricane Is (P3896,V7251 andV7426) of No. 145Sqn. On 17 October, Molders claimed another Spitfire MkI RAF 66Sqn LZ-N R6800 flown by American volunteer, Plt/Off Hugh W Reilley based in Gravesend. He was on patrol over Westerham Kent when he was shot down by Kommodore Maj Werner Molders JG51 and crashed on Crockham Hill, near Sevenoaks Oct 17 1940 followed by three more Hurricanes on 22 October (possibly from Nos. 46 and 257Sqn's) off the English coast. Molders now had his fiftieth victory. Galland reached this total eight days later. From the beginning of October, Molders became the first pilot to test the new Bf109F in combat, which soon proved superior to contemporary British fighters. Certainly, this also helped in his subsequent successes.
After spending a few days leave skiing, JG51's Kommodore returned to action at the beginning of 1941. Exploiting the relative inactivity of the Luftwaffe in the west (the German High Command was preparing to attack the Soviet Union and had moved many units to the east), the RAF were beginning to conduct sorties over France and the fighting now took place mainly off the French coast. On 20 February, Molders claimed two Spitfires (his 57th and 58th victories). Five days later, a Spitfire II (X4592 of No. 611Sqn) was shot down, and on the following day he scored his 60th victory. Galland had to wait until 15 April to attain the same score.
On 13 March, Molders shot down another British ace, S/Ldr Aeneas 'Donald' MacDonnel. MacDonnel, from No. 64Sqn, was born in Baku in 1913, and was the 22nd Hereditary Chief of the Glengarry Clan. Leading a sweep over Northern France, MacDonnel (credited with nine or ten victories) was shot down by Molders (his 62nd victory) and baled out into the Channel. He was rescued by a German motor boat but remained a prisoner of war until 1945.
The new versions of the Hurricane and Spitfire proved no match for the Bf109E. This is well indicated by a list of Molders's claims for the period: Hurricane II of No.615Sqn two Hurricane II's of No.601Sqn (one claimed as a 'Spitfire') Hurricane II (Z3087) of No.601Sqn Hurricane II (Z2743) of No.601Sqn Spitfire II of No.92Sqn.
Molders' aerial victories declined following the transfer of JG51 to the East. On 21 June, Adolf Galland - then with 69 claims - was the first Luftwaffe pilot to add the Swords to his Ritterkreuz. On the eve of Barbarossa - the German invasion of the Soviet Union, Molders had 'only' 68 claims, but on the day of the invasion, he claimed an I-153 (which must have brought back memories of Spain!) and three SB-2s shot down. He was awarded the Swords but this time as the second pilot to receive the decoration.
At this time, Soviet aircraft and pilots were seen as generally inferior to their German counterparts and this enabled Molders and his men to claim unprecedented scores and on 30 June, he was credited with the destruction of no fewer than five enemy aircraft. By 15 July 1941, on his 291st combat mission he claimed his 100th and 101st victories and was awarded the Diamonds to his Ritterkreuz. By comparison, Galland, would have to wait until 28 January 1942 for this decoration.
By this time, Molders had achieved an almost mythical status, seen to be deserving of 'protection'. He was ordered not to fly ('Flugverbot) to avoid risking his life at the front and was transferred to the Air Ministry in Berlin. On 7 August 1941, he was promoted to Inspector of Fighters and left his unit and on 13 September 1941, he married Louise Baldauf, the widow of a fallen comrade.
Molders could have remained safely at the Ministry, close to his wife, but he was preoccupied with the Soviet campaign and visited the Eastern Front many times. In the autumn of 1941, he went to the Crimea to lead the combined operations of Stukas and fighters where he discovered an important supply problem which he tried to resolve. In spite of the Flugverbot, he wanted to have a clearer picture of the situation in the air by flying again. On 8 and 11 November, Molders borrowed a Bf109 of III./JG77 and shot down three more Soviet aircraft over Sevastopol and the Kertsch peninsula, though he did not record them officially. Future Ritterkreuztriiger, Herbert Hahne, remembered serving as Molders' wingman at this time. After spotting enemy aircraft, the Inspector led his Kaczmarek, giving him instructions by radio and 'donating' him his victories. It would seem that 'Vati' Molders enjoyed the role of 'counsellor' and adviser.
On 17 November 1941, Generaloberst Ernst Udet committed suicide and Molders was called back to Berlin to assist with the funeral. Four days later, he began his journey to the capital as a passenger in a He-111 of III./KG27 piloted by Oblt. Kolbe, another former flyer from Spain. The weather was bad and following an interim stop at Lemberg, the Heinkel took off again but the weather conditions continued to deteriorate. Near Breslau, the port engine failed and the crew tried to land at the nearest available airfield, Schmiedefelde. At low altitude, the second engine cut and the He-111 (1G+TH) hit the ground near Martin Quander Farm at N°132 Flughafenstrasse. Molders was killed at 11.30 on 22 November. He was succeeded as Inspector of Fighters by Adolf Galland.
As is often the case after a plane crash (Balbo, Sikorsky, Todt, etc.), rumors circulated in some quarters about a plot to kill Molders but post-war research has found these to be totally without foundation. It is true that Molders, as a devout Catholic, criticized the Nazi Party many times for its activities against the church. But to kill Germany's greatest ace for such beliefs at such a critical period in the war is, in the author's opinion, inconceivable.
Werner Molders was buried in the Invalidenfriedhof at Berlin where Manfred von Richthofen already lay. His Geschwader, JG51, later adopted the honor name 'Jagdgeschwader Molders'. As a postscript to this biography it is worth quoting the words of another ace, Dietrich Hrabak: 'Wir waren nur jagdflieger. Molders was mehr als das!': 'We were only fighter pilots. Molders was more than that!'.
|Date||Pilot Name||Unit||Enemy A/C Type||Height||Time||Location|
|30-Oct-39||Werner Molders||Stab III./JG53||Blenheim||11.12||Klusserath NE Trier|
|22-Dec-39||Werner Molders||Stab III./JG53||Hurricane||15.05||15km NE Metz|
|02-Mar-40||Werner Molders||Stab III./JG53||Hurricane||12.15||S Bitsch|
|03-Mar-40||Werner Molders||Stab III./JG53||Morane||13.55||12km SE Diedenhofen|
|26-Mar-40||Werner Molders||Stab III./JG53||Morane||15.00||Wolkenfeld|
|02-Apr-40||Werner Molders||Stab III./JG53||Hurricane||12.10||S Saargemund|
|20-Apr-40||Werner Molders||Stab III./JG53||Hawk-75A||11.54||7km W Saargemund|
|23-Apr-40||Werner Molders||Stab III./JG53||Hurricane||11.14||S Diedenhofen|
|14-May-40||Werner Molders||Stab III./JG53||Hurricane||16.30||Sedan|
|15-May-40||Werner Molders||Stab III./JG53||Hurricane||13.05||Charleville|
|19-May-40||Werner Molders||Stab III./JG53||Bloch 152||09.35||NE Reims|
|20-May-40||Werner Molders||Stab III./JG53||Wellesley||19.15||Compiegne|
|21-May-40||Werner Molders||Stab III./JG53||Morane 406||17.30||SW Compiegne|
|21-May-40||Werner Molders||Stab III./JG53||Morane 406||17.50||SW Compiegne|
|21-May-40||Werner Molders||Stab III./JG53||Morane 406||19.18||SW Compiegne|
|22-May-40||Werner Molders||Stab III./JG53||Potez 63||17.50||SW Mourmelon-le-Grand|
|25-May-40||Werner Molders||Stab III./JG53||Morane 406||18.55||Foret de Compiegne|
|27-May-40||Werner Molders||Stab III./JG53||Hawk-75A||09.10||15km W Amiens|
|27-May-40||Werner Molders||Stab III./JG53||Hawk-75A||09.11||15km W Amiens|
|31-May-40||Werner Molders||Stab III./JG53||LeO 451||19.00||30km S Abbeville|
|03-Jun-40||Werner Molders||Stab III./JG53||Hawk-75A||3000m||14.40||SE Paris|
|03-Jun-40||Werner Molders||Stab III./JG53||Hawk-75A||14.30||Paris|
|05-Jun-40||Werner Molders||Stab III./JG53||Potez 63||11.23||NW Pont Ste Maxance|
|05-Jun-40||Werner Molders||Stab III./JG53||Bloch||11.20||West of Compiegne|
|28-Jul-40||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Spitfire||15.30||Dover|
|26-Aug-40||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Spitfire||12.55||Folkestone|
|28-Aug-40||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Hawk-75A||10.05||NE Dover|
|28-Aug-40||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Hurricane||18.25||Canterbury|
|31-Aug-40||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Hurricane||10.01||NE Folkestone|
|31-Aug-40||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Hurricane||10.00||NE Folkestone|
|31-Aug-40||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Hurricane||10.10||NE Folkestone|
|06-Sep-40||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Spitfire||14.45||Folkestone|
|07-Sep-40||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Spitfire||18.32||South of London|
|09-Sep-40||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Spitfire||18.45||South of London|
|11-Sep-40||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Spitfire||17.10||SE London|
|14-Sep-40||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Spitfire||17.30||SW London|
|16-Sep-40||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Spitfire||09.24||South of London|
|20-Sep-40||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Spitfire||12.35||Dungeness|
|20-Sep-40||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Spitfire||12.34||Dungeness|
|27-Sep-40||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Spitfire||17.03||Maidstone|
|28-Sep-40||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Spitfire||15.01||Littlestone|
|11-Oct-40||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Spitfire||12.30||Folkestone|
|12-Oct-40||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Hurricane||10.40||Lympne|
|12-Oct-40||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Hurricane||10.43||Canterbury|
|12-Oct-40||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Hurricane||14.12||Dungeness|
|15-Oct-40||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Hurricane||09.15||South of London|
|17-Oct-40||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Spitfire||16.22||Spitfire MkI RAF 66Sqn LZ-N R6800 flown by American volunteer, Plt/Off Hugh W Reilley based in Gravesend. He was on patrol over Westerham Kent when he was shot down and crashed on Crockham Hill, near Sevenoaks South of London|
|22-Oct-40||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Hurricane||15.40||NW Maidstone|
|22-Oct-40||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Hurricane||15.41||NW Maidstone|
|22-Oct-40||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Hurricane||15.42||NW Maidstone|
|25-Oct-40||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Spitfire||10.45||NW Dover|
|25-Oct-40||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Spitfire||13.20||Margate|
|29-Oct-40||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Hurricane||13.55||Dungeness|
|01-Dec-40||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Hurricane||15.15||Ashford|
|10-Feb-41||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Hurricane||17.29||5km NE Calais|
|20-Feb-41||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Spitfire||16.57||Dover|
|20-Feb-41||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Spitfire||16.56||Dover|
|25-Feb-41||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Spitfire|
|25-Feb-41||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Spitfire||15.20||N. Gravelines|
|26-Feb-41||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Spitfire|
|26-Feb-41||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Spitfire||18.37||SE Dungeness|
|12-Mar-41||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Spitfire||3500m||off Dungeness|
|13-Mar-41||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Spitfire||15.22||20km W. Cap Gris Nez|
|15-Apr-41||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Spitfire||18.00||SW Boulogne|
|16-Apr-41||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Hurricane||18.42||SW Dungeness|
|16-Apr-41||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Spitfire||18.32||5km W. Berck|
|28-Apr-41||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Hurricane||13.10||Dungeness|
|04-May-41||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Hurricane||2000m||12.17||5km E. Deal|
|04-May-41||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Hurricane||2000m||12.30||5km E Deal|
|06-May-41||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Hurricane||12.00||Dover|
|08-May-41||Werner Molders||Stab /JG51||Spitfire||12.20||vor Dover|
Werner "Vati" Mölders was born on 18 March 1913, at Gelsenkirchen in the Ruhrgebiet. He joined the army in 1931 and served as an officer cadet in the Infantry. In 1934, with the rebirth of the Luftwaffe as a result of Hitler coming to power, Mölders requested a transfer to become a pilot. At his first attempt to join the Luftwaffe, he was declared unfit for flying. He tried again and was accepted for flying training. He was badly afflicted by air sickness but overcame the problem through sheer willpower..
On 1 July 1935, Leutnant Mölders was posted to Fliegergruppe Schwerin (later to be redesignated I./StG 162). He was appointed Staffelkapitän of 1./JG 334 (later to be redesignated 1./JG 53) on 15 March 1936. On 1 April 1936, he was transferred to the Schulstaffel of JG 134 to undertake instructing duties. For two years he was an instructor at Wiesbaden. He volunteered for the Condor Legion and arrived by sea in Cadiz on 14 April that year. He took over from Adolf Galland at the head of 3.J/88. During the Spanish conflict he showed considerable qualities not only as a pilot and marksman but also, and especially, as a tactician and organiser. Together with other airmen, in Spain he developed the technique known as the "finger four", or fan, which improved a flight's all-round vision and encouraged the pilots' initiative. Between 15 July and 3 November 1938, he shot down fourteen aircraft: eleven I-16 "Mosca", two Polikarpov I-15 "Chato" and one SB-2 "Katyuska", as well as one unconfirmed I-16 victory, most of these at the controls of the Bf 109 C-1 coded 6-79 "Luchs"..
He was awarded the Spanienkreuz in Gold mit Schwertern und Brillanten in recognition of his achievements. At the end of the year he returned to Germany as the highest scoring German pilot of the Spanish conflict, with a glowing reputation and a maturity beyond his years and rank. At the beginning of World War II, Mölders was Staffelkapitän of 1./JG 53 "Pik As", based at Wiesbaden-Erbenheim. He became known by those under his command as "Vati" (Daddy) Mölders. He shot down his first aircraft of the Second World War on 21 September 1939, a French Curtiss 75 A fighter. On 1 November he went on to command III./JG 53, also based at Wiesbaden-Erbenheim..
On 27 May 1940, after his 20th victory, a French Curtiss 75 A SW of Amiens, he was promoted to Hauptmann and decorated with the Knight's Cross. He was shot down in combat on 5 June 1940, by French ace Sous Lieutenant René Pommier Layragues (6 victories) flying a D.520 of GC II/7 after having scored 25 victories during 128 missions and was taken prisoner. He was liberated two weeks later upon the armistice with France. He returned to Germany to be promoted to Major and given command of JG 51 as Kommodore..
On 28 July 1940, during his first flight with his new unit, he succeeded in downing a Spitfire, but his aircraft was then hit by the enemy aircraft. Severely wounded in the legs, Mölders just managed to make an emergency landing at the airfield at Wissant in France. It was not until a month later that he was able to return to combat, most likely flying the Bf 109 E-4 W.Nr. 2404 (photographed on 31 August with 32 victory bars), as well as W.Nr. 3737, (shot down over England while being flown by Hptm Asmus on 25 October, with no stab markings according to the crash report, but 49 victory bars). He quickly brought his score up by downing 28 British fighters during the remainder of the Battle of Britain, including his 40th a Spitfire over Dungeness, on 20 September, for which he was awarded the Oak Leaves (No. 2) the next day. On 22 October he downed three RAF Hurricanes to become the first Luftwaffe pilot to reach a score of 50 aerial victories. By the end of the Battle of Britain he had a total of 54 victories, and he would add one more before the end of the year.
5 Pilots Werner Molders and Oblt. Hartmann Grasser 01
Major Werner Mölders and Oblt. Hartmann Grasser of the Stab flight of JG 51 after a mission over the British Isles during the Battle of Britain. Grasser was later assigned to JG 11 and would survive the war with 103 confirmed victories.
He continued flying and fighting over the Channel Front until early May, by which time he had brought down an additional 13 British aircraft. On 22 June 1941, the first day of Operation Barbarossa on the Eastern Front, he shot down four Russian aircraft, one I-153 and three SB-2 bombers, his 69th through 72nd victories, and was awarded the Schwertern (No. 2). He was the first pilot to surpass von Richthofen's WW I record score of 80 on 30 June, when he shot down 5 SB-2 bombers to score his 78th to 82nd victories on a day that JG 51 claimed 110 SB-2 and DB-3 bombers. He shot down a further four enemy aircraft on 5 July for his 83rd to 86th victories..
On 15 July he became the first pilot in history to record 100 victories and was immediately awarded the Brillanten (No. 1), the first German soldier to be so recognized. He was immediately forbidden to fly combat on the personal orders of Göring. At only 28 years of age, he was promoted to Oberst and appointed Inspector General of Fighters on 7 August. Even though ordered to cease flying combat missions, he continued to do so and achieved several unconfirmed victories over the Crimea. He personally instructed many pilots on how to achieve success, and helped develop the forward air controller concept. On 22 November 1941, he was flying as a passenger in a He 111 from the Crimea to Germany to attend the funeral of Ernst Udet. Landing during a thunderstorm at Breslau the aircraft crashed and Mölders and the pilot were killed. In his memory, on 20 December 1941, JG 51 was bestowed the honor name "Mölders".
He flew a total of some 330 missions during the Second World War, 100 of these on the Eastern Front, during which he shot down a total of 101 aircraft, 33 of these in the East. He also was the top scorer of the Legion Condor in Spain with 14 victories achieved in some 100 missions, and helped develop many of the modern fighter tactics still in use today.
|1.||15.7.1938||-||Curtiss||3. J/88||Algar area|
|2.||17.7.1938||-||Curtiss||3. J/88||N Liria|
|3.||19.7.1938||-||Rata||3. J/88||W Villar del Arzobispo|
|4.||19.8.1938||-||Rata||3. J/88||Flix area|
|5.||23.8.1938||-||SB-2||3. J/88||Albi area|
|6.||9.9.1938||-||Rata||3. J/88||Flix area|
|7.||13.9.1938||-||Rata||3. J/88||Flix area|
|8.||23.9.1938||-||Rata||3. J/88||SW Ginestar|
|-||23.9.1938||-||Rata||3. J/88||not confirmed|
|9.||10.10.1938||-||Rata||3. J/88||NE Flix|
|10.||15.10.1938||-||Rata||3. J/88||W La Figuera|
|11.||15.10.1938||-||Rata||3. J/88||Sierra de Montsant area|
|12.||31.10.1938||-||Rata||3. J/88||NW Flix|
|13.||31.10.1938||-||Rata||3. J/88||S Ribarroja|
|14.||3.11.1938||-||Rata||3. J/88||Mola area|
|15.||20.9.1939||14:30||Curtiss||1./JG 53||W Merzig||Hawk H-75A of GC II/5, Armée de l'air flown by Sgt Queginer, baled out|
|16.||30.10.1939||11:12||Blenheim||III./JG 53||Near Klüsserath||Blenheim I (L6694) of 18 Sqn, RAF flown by Flt Lt AA Dilnot, crew killed|
|17.||22.12.1939||15:05||Morane||III./JG 53||15km NE Metz||Hurricane (N2385) of 73 Sqn, RAF flown by Sgt RM Berry, killed|
|18.||2.3.1940||12:20||Hurricane||III./JG 53||Völklingen||Possibly Hurricane I (L1808) of 73 S1n, RAF flown by F/O EJ Kain (19/0/2 victories), crash-landed at Toul|
|19.||3.3.1940||13:55||Morane||III./JG 53||Metz||Morane 406 of GC II/3, Armée de l'air flown by Cpl Chef Korber, crash-landed at Toul|
|20.||26.3.1940||15:00||Morane||III./JG 53||Diedenhofen||Hurricane I of 73 Sqn, RAF flown by F/O N Orton, returned damaged|
|21.||2.4.1940||12:10||Hurricane||III./JG 53||St Avold||Hurricane I of 1 Sqn, RAF flown by P/O CD Palmer, baled out|
|22.||20.4.1940||11:54||Curtiss||III./JG 53||Zweibrücken area||Probably Hawk H-75A (No 136) of GC II/4, Armée de l'air flown by Adj Chef Cruchant, crash-landed near Bliesbück badly wounded|
|23.||23.4.1940||11:14||Hurricane||III./JG 53||S Diedenhofen||Probably Hurricane I (N2391) of 73 Sqn, RAF flown by Sgt CNS Campbell, baled out wounded|
|26.||19.5.1940||9:35||Curtiss||III./JG 53||NE Reims|
|27.||20.5.1940||19:15||Vickers||III./JG 53||Compiegne||Possibly Vickers Wellesley|
|31.||22.5.1940||17:50||Potez 63||III./JG 53||SW Mourmelon airfield|
|32.||25.5.1940||18:55||Morane||III./JG 53||Villers Cotterets Forest|
|33.||27.5.1940||9:10||Curtiss||III./JG 53||15km SW Amiens||Mölders said it was a Bloch 152|
|34.||27.5.1940||9:11||Curtiss||III./JG 53||15km SW Amiens||Mölders said it was a Bloch 152|
|35.||31.5.1940||19:00||LeO 45||III./JG 53||Abbéville-Amiens||LeO 451|
|36.||3.6.1940||14:30||Curtiss||III./JG 53||Paris||Possibly D.520|
|39.||5.6.1940||11:23||Potez 63||III./JG 53||Compiegne|
|40.||28.7.1940||-||Spitfire||Stab/JG 51||Dover||Spitfire I of 41 Sqn, RAF flown by F/O ADJ Lovell (18.5/2/10.666 victories), crash-landed wounded|
|42.||28.8.1940||10:40||Curtiss||Stab/JG 51||NE Dover|
|44.||31.8.1940||9:50||Hurricane||Stab/JG 51||between Folkestone and Dover|
|45.||31.8.1940||9:50~||Hurricane||Stab/JG 51||between Folkestone and Dover|
|46.||31.8.1940||9:50~||Hurricane||Stab/JG 51||between Folkestone and Dover|
|50.||11.9.1940||17:05||Hurricane||Stab/JG 51||SE London|
|51.||14.9.1940||17:40||Spitfire||Stab/JG 51||SW London|
|53.||20.9.1940||12:34||Spitfire||Stab/JG 51||Near Folkestone||Spitfire of 92 Sqn, RAF flown by P/O HP Hill|
|54.||20.9.1940||12:34||Spitfire||Stab/JG 51||Near Folkestone||Spitfire of 92 Sqn, RAF flown by Sgt PR Eyles|
|55.||27.9.1940||17:00||Spitfire||Stab/JG 51||Near Maidstone||Possibly Spitfire I (P9364) of 222 Sqn, RAF flown by Sgt E Scott (5/3/0 victories), killed|
|56.||28.9.1940||15:00||Spitfire||Stab/JG 51||Near Littlestone|
|57.||11.10.1940||12:30||Spitfire||Stab/JG 51||Near Folkestone||Spitfire I (X4562) of 66 Sqn, RAF flown by P/O JHT Pickering, baled out over Canterbury, wounded|
|62.||17.10.1940||16:25||Spitfire||Stab/JG 51||London||Spitfire MkI RAF 66Sqn LZ-N R6800 flown by American volunteer, Plt/Off Hugh W Reilley based in Gravesend. He was on patrol over Westerham Kent when he was shot down and crashed on Crockham Hill, near Sevenoaks South of London|
|63.||22.10.1940||15:40||Hurricane||Stab/JG 51||NW Maidstone|
|64.||22.10.1940||15:40~||Hurricane||Stab/JG 51||NW Maidstone|
|65.||22.10.1940||15:40~||Hurricane||Stab/JG 51||NW Maidstone|
|66.||25.10.1940||10:45||Spitfire||Stab/JG 51||NW Dover||Spitfire I (P7365) of 603 Sqn, RAF flown by P/O SF Soden|
|67.||25.10.1940||13:10||Spitfire||Stab/JG 51||Margate||Spitfire I (P7309) of 603 Sqn, RAF flown by P/O P Oliver|
|70.||10.2.1941||17:29||Spitfire||Stab/JG 51||5km NNE Calais|
|73.||25.2.1941||15:20||Spitfire||Stab/JG 51||N Gravelines|
|74.||26.2.1941||18:22||Spitfire||Stab/JG 51||SW Dungeness|
|75.||12.3.1941||19:15||Spitfire||Stab/JG 51||Dungeness||Spitfire II of 74 Sqn, RAF flown by Sgt JN Glendinning (4/1/1 victories), killed|
|76.||13.3.1941||15:22||Spitfire||Stab/JG 51||SW Boulogne||Spitfire of 64 Sqn, RAF flown by Sqn Ldr ARD MacDonnell (188.8.131.52 victories), baled out, POW|
|78.||16.4.1941||-||Hurricane||Stab/JG 51||SW Dungeness|
|79.||16.4.1941||-||Spitfire||Stab/JG 51||S Le Touquet|
|80.||4.5.1941||-||Hurricane||Stab/JG 51||E Canterbury|
|83.||22.6.1941||-||Curtiss||Stab/JG 51||I-153 of 123 IAP/10SAD, VVS|
|92.||30.6.1941||-||SB-2||Stab/JG 51||Bobyruysk area|
|93.||30.6.1941||-||SB-2||Stab/JG 51||Bobyruysk area|
|94.||30.6.1941||-||SB-2||Stab/JG 51||Bobyruysk area|
|95.||30.6.1941||-||SB-2||Stab/JG 51||Bobyruysk area|
|96.||30.6.1941||-||SB-2||Stab/JG 51||Bobyruysk area|
|101.||9.7.1941||-||Curtiss||Stab/JG 51||Rogachev-Orsha-Smolensk area||I-153|
|102.||9.7.1941||-||Curtiss||Stab/JG 51||Rogachev-Orsha-Smolensk area||I-153|
|103.||9.7.1941||-||I-16||Stab/JG 51||Rogachev-Orsha-Smolensk area|
|104.||10.7.1941||-||RZ||Stab/JG 51||Rogachev-Orsha-Smolensk area|
|105.||10.7.1941||-||RZ||Stab/JG 51||Rogachev-Orsha-Smolensk area|
|106.||11.7.1941||-||E/a||Stab/JG 51||Rogachev-Orsha-Smolensk area|
Victories : 115
Awards : Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds
Units : J/88, JG 53, JG 51
Website Reference: http://www.luftwaffe.cz/molders.html
Some of the most widely used Book References:
- Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase One: July-August 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 1) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Eddie J Creek (Author)
- Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Two: August-September 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 2) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
- Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Three: September-October 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 3) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
- Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Four: November 1940-June 1941 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 4) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
Some of the most widely used Magazine References:
- Airfix Magazines (English) - http://www.airfix.com/
- Avions (French) - http://www.aerostories.org/~aerobiblio/rubrique10.html
- FlyPast (English) - http://www.flypast.com/
- Flugzeug Publikations GmbH (German) - http://vdmedien.com/flugzeug-publikations-gmbh-hersteller_verlag-vdm-heinz-nickel-33.html
- Flugzeug Classic (German) - http://www.flugzeugclassic.de/
- Klassiker (German) - http://shop.flugrevue.de/abo/klassiker-der-luftfahrt
- Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://boutique.editions-lariviere.fr/site/abonnement-le-fana-de-l-aviation-626-4-6.html
- Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://www.pdfmagazines.org/tags/Le+Fana+De+L+Aviation/
- Osprey (English) - http://www.ospreypublishing.com/
- Revi Magazines (Czech) - http://www.revi.cz/