RAF No 316 (Warsaw) Squadron

Motto: No Motto - Badge: 'Warszawski'

Formed at Pembrey on 15 February 1941 as a Polish fighter unit, it was equipped with Hurricane Is and carried out defensive duties over South-West England. In August it re-equipped with Hurricane IIs and began offensive sweeps over France. It then began the standard round of alternating duties between offensive sweeps in the south and defensive duties in the North of England.

Mustangs replaced the Spitfires in April 1944 and it moved to East Anglia for bomber escort duties and with a short interlude from July to October, when it was engaged in anti-diver (V-1) operations, it continued in this role until the end of the war. The squadron finally disbanded on 11 December 1946.

Commanding officers

From To Name Remark
Feb 1941 Mar 1941 Captain Juliusz Frey  
Mar 1941 Jul 1941 S/Ldr  C.J. Donovan British Officer
Jul 1941 Sep 1941 Captain Juliusz Frey  
Sep 1941 Nov 1941 Captain Wacław Wilczewski  
Nov 1941 Jun 1942 Captain Aleksander Gabszewicz  
Jun 1942 Dec 1942 Captain Janusz Żurakowski  
Dec 1942 Sep 1943 Captain Marian Trzebiński  
Sep 1943 Jun 1944 Captain Paweł Niemiec  
Jun 1944 Sep 1944 Captain Bohdan Arct  
Sep 1944 Jul 1945 Captain Zygmunt Drybański  
Jul 1945 Oct 1945 Captain Michał Cwynar  
Oct 1945 Dec 1946 Captain Paweł Niemiec  

Squadron bases

From To Name
Feb 1941 Jun 1941 RAF Pembre
Jun 1941 Aug 1941 RAF Colerne
Aug 1941 Dec 1941 RAF Churchstanton
Dec 1941 Apr 1942 RAF Northolt
Apr 1942 Jul 1942 RAF Heston
Jul 1942 Mar 1943 Hutton Cranswick
Mar 1943 Sep 1943 RAF Northolt
Sep 1943 Feb 1944 RAF Acklington
Feb 1944 Apr 1944 RAF Woodvale
Apr 1944 Jul 1944 RAF Coltishall
Jul 1944 Jul 1944 RAF West Malling
Jul 1944 Aug 1944 Friston
Aug 1944 Oct 1944 RAF Coltishall
Oct 1944 May 1945 RAF Andrews Field
May 1945 Aug 1945 RAF Coltishall
Aug 1945 Nov 1945 RAF Andrews Field
Nov 1945 Mar 1946 Wick
Mar 1946 Dec 1946 RAF Hethel

Aircraft operated

From To Aircraft Version
Feb 1941 Aug 1941 Hawker Hurricane Mk.I
Jun 1941 Nov 1941 Hawker Hurricane Mks.IIa, IIb
Oct 1941 Nov 1941 Mk.IIa
Oct 1941 Jul 1943 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.Vb
Mar 1943 Sep 1943 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.IXc
Sep 1943 Apr 1944 Supermarine Spitfire LF.Vb
Apr 1944 Dec 1946 Mk.III

Squadron Codes used: -

NL Allocated Apr - Sep 1939
SZ Feb 1941 - Dec 1946


  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1918 -1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE,BA,RAF (Retd). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
  • Matusiak, Wojtek with Robert Gretzyngier and Piotr Wiśniewski. 315 Squadron. Sandomierz, Poland/Redbourn, UK: Mushroom Model publications, 2004. ISBN 83-89450-00-3.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Fighter Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Macdonald & Jane's (Publishers)Ltd., 1969 (revised edition 1976, reprinted 1978). ISBN 0-354-01028-X.


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This webpage was updated 25th January 2019