RAF No 313 (Czechoslovak) Squadron

Motto: Jeden Jestřáb Mnoho Vran Rozhání (One hawk scatters many crows)

Formed at Catterick on 10 May 1941 as a fighter unit composed of Czechoslovak personnel who had managed to escape from Nazi occupied Europe. It was equipped with Spitfires from the outset and remained so throughout its career.

Initially moving to Cornwall in August, it moved into No 11 Group at Hornchurch in December 1941. In June 1943 it moved up to Scotland, but two months later returned south in the bomber escort role. At the same time it became part of 2nd Tactical Air Force and began to take part in operations in preparation for the invasion.

The squadron moved back to Scotland, the Orkneys, in July 1944 where it was to provide protection for the fleet in Scapa Flow. When it returned to East Anglia in October it resumed its escort duties to daylight bombing missions as well as beginning ground attack operations over the Low Countries.

Following the end of the war 313 Squadron flew to Czechoslovakia, in August 1945, to form part of the newly reformed Czech Air Force, disbanding as a RAF unit 15 February 1946.

Squadron Codes used: - LH Allocated Apr - Sep 1939; RY May 1941 - Feb 1946

RAF No 313 'Czechoslovak' Squadron Bases

Station From To
Catterick, Yorkshire 10.05.1941 01.07.1941
Leconfield, Yorkshire 01.07.1941 26.08.1941
Portreath, Cornwall 26.08.1941 23.11.1941
Warrnwell, Dorset 23.11.1941 28.11.1941
Portreath, Comwall 28.11.1941 15.12.1941
Hornchurch, Essex 15.12.1941 06.02.1942
Rochford, Essex 06.02.1942 06.03.1942
Hornchurch, Essex 06.03.1942 30.04.1942
Fairlop, Essex 30.04.1942 08.06.1942
Churchstanton, Somerset 08.06.1942 28.06.1942
Warrnwell, Dorset 28.06.1942 11.07.1942
Churchstanton, Somerset
(detachment Bold Head, Devon)
11.07.1942
10.06.1942
28.06.1943
28.06.1943
Peterhead, Aberdeen
(detachment Sumburgh, Shetland Isles)
28.06.1943
28.06.1943
20.08.1943
22.07.1943
Hawkinge, Kent 20.08.1943 18.09.1943
Ibsley, Hampshire 18.09.1943 06.01.1944
Ayr, Ayrshire 06.01.1944 19.01.1944
Ibsley, Hampshire 19.01.1944 20.02.1944
Mendlesham, Suffolk 20.02.1944 14.03.1944
Southend, Essex 14.03.1944 20.03.1944
Mendlesham, Suffolk 20.03.1944 03.04.1944
Appledram, Sussex 03.04.1944 29.06.1944
Tangmere, Sussex 29.06.1944 03.07.1944
Lympne, Kent 03.07.1944 11.07.1944
Skeabrae, Orkney Isles
(detachment Sumburgh, Shetland Isles)
11.07.1944
11.07.1944
03.10.1944
03.10.1944
North Weald, Hertfordshire 03.10.1944 29.12.1944
Bradwell Bay, Essex 29.12.1944 27.02.1945
Manston, Kent 27.02.1945 13.08.1945
Praha - Ruzyne (CSR) 13.08.1945 22.09.1945
Brno (CSR) 22.09.1945  

RAF No 313 'Czechoslovak' Squadron Commanders

Squadron Commanders From To
S/Ldr Josef Jaske 20.07.1941 15.12.1941
S/Ldr Gordon L. Sinclair, DFC (British) 10.5.1941 24.09.1941
S/Ldr Karel Mrazek, DFC 15.12.1941 26.06.1942
S/Ldr Jaroslav Himr 26.06.1942 24.09.1943
S/Ldr Frantisek Fajtl, DFC 24.09.1943 31.01.1944
S/Ldr Vaclav Bergman, DFC 31.01.1944 22.05.1944
S/Ldr Alois Hochmal 22.05.1944 01.09.1944
S/Ldr Karel Kasal 01.09.1944 15.11.1944
S/Ldr Otmar Kucera, DFC 15.11.1944 CSR

RAF No 313 'Czechoslovak' Squadron
Flight Commanders of Flight "A"

Squadron Flight Commanders of Flight 'A' From To
F/Lt Karel Mrazek 15.05.1941 15.12.1941
F/Lt John L. Kilmartin, DFC (British) 04.06.1941 25.06.1941
F/Lt Frantisek Fajtl 15.12.1940 27.04.1942
F/Lt Frantisek Vancl 27.04.1942 21.05.1942
F/Lt Vaclav Hajek 21.05.1942 01.10.1942
F/Lt Jaroslav Muzika 01.10.1942 07.08.1943
F/Lt Alois Hochmal 07.08.1943 21.05.1944
F/Lt Vaclav Slouf 21.05.1944 30.09.1944
F/Lt Frantisek Masarik 30.09.1944 CSR

RAF No 313 'Czechoslovak' Squadron
Flight Commanders of Flight "B"

Squadron Flight Commanders of Flight 'B' From To
F/Lt Jan Cermak 19.05.1941 21.07.1941
F/Lt Thomas W. Gillen (British) 03.06.1941 15.09.1941
F/Lt Stanislav Fejfar 21.07.1941 20.03.1942
F/Lt Karel Vykoukal 20.03.1942 13.04.1942
F/Lt Stanislav Fejfar 13.04.1942 17.05.1942
F/Lt Vaclav Raba 17.05.1942 01.10.1942
F/Lt Bohuslav Kimlicka 01.10.1942 01.01.1943
S/Ldr Vaclav Bergman 01.01.1943 01.09.1943
F/Lt Otmar Kucera, DFC 01.09.1943 01.05.1944
F/Lt Ronald Wood, DFC (British) 01.05.1944 28.02.1945
F/Lt Karel Zouhar 28.02.1945 CSR

Types of planes used by RAF No 313 'Czechoslovak' Squadron

Aircraft From To
Supermarine Spitfire Mk.IA May 1941 August 1941
Supermarine Spitfire Mk.IIA August 1941 November 1941
Supermarine Spitfire Mk.VB October 1941 February 1944
Supermarine Spitfire Mk.VC July 1942 February 1944
Supermarine Spitfire HF Mk.VI June 1943 July 1943
Supermarine Spitfire LF Mk.IXC January 1944 June 1944
Supermarine Spitfire LF Mk.IXE June 1944 July 1944
Supermarine Spitfire HF Mk.IX July 1944 July 1944
Supermarine Spitfire Mk.VB July 1944 October 1944
Supermarine Spitfire HF Mk.VII July 1944 August 1944
Supermarine Spitfire F Mk.IX August 1944 August 1944
Supermarine Spitfire HF Mk.IX October 1944 August 1945
Supermarine Spitfire LF Mk.IXE July 1945 CSR

Web References: http://cz-raf.hyperlink.cz/Units/313.html

 

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This webpage was updated 25th January 2019