18 Gruppo patch 18 Gruppo

Art Fiat CR 42 Falco 18./JG56 56S18G85aSA 85-16 Antonio Lazzari landed 1940 0A

Photo 01: Fiat CR.42 of the 85a Squadriglia, 18° Gruppo, 56° Stormo, Corpo Aereo Italiano, based at Eeklo in Belgium and flown on 11 November 1940 by Sergente Antonio Lazzari. This aircraft, Serial No. MM6976 was finished in an uppersurface scheme which was described in the RAF Crash Report as a muddy brown, over which were patches of dark green, those on the fuselage being smaller and having softer edges than the patches on the wings. The undersurfaces were silver and the propeller blades had pale blue fronts and black rears.

Art Fiat CR 42 Falco 18./JG56 56S18G85aSA 85-9 Belgium Nov 11 1940 0A

Art Fiat CR 42 Falco 56S18G85aSA 85-7 Giuntella Ursel Belgium 1940 0A

Fiat CR 42 Falco 18./JG56 18G56S85aSA 85-12 Ursel Belgium 1940 01

Fiat CR 42 Falco 18./JG56 18G56S85aSA 85-12 Ursel Belgium 1940 02

Fiat CR 42 Falco 18./JG56 18G56S85aSA 85-15 Ursel Belgium 1940 01

Fiat CR 42 Falco 18./JG56 18G56S85aSA 85-15 Ursel Belgium 1940 02

Fiat CR 42 Falco 18./JG56 18G56S85aSA 95-3 escort Fiat BR.20M to England 1940 01

Photo 01: On 11 November, 22 CR.42s from 85" and 95" Squadriglie, took off from Eeklo to escort ten Fiat BR,20M bombers in the first CAI daylight raid against England.

After the raids on Production Facilities in Northern Italy by the Royal Air force, Mussolini was furious and asked Hitler to join the Battle of England. In late September 1940 Bombers were send along with Fiat CR.42 and Fiat G.50 fighters to build up the expeditionary Corpo Aereo Italiano in Belgium. During their mission they started small and useless attacks mostly hundreds of little coastal and supporting duties. The Italian units were withdrawn in April 1941 leaving Belgium and the Channel combat zone. The Italian Intermezzo on the Battle of Britain had less effect, it just led to heavy casualties and depression on the Italian side.

Relating the C.A.I. G.50s in war time pictures we can see a drastic change of their outlook. While on transfer in Germany and in the first weeks in Belgium their Markings and paintjob was as usual. After a week or two weather changed rapidly. On some pictures from now on you cant read the Serials or markings, weathering took a good job. The units had very weak morale because of their under equipped status and the heavy conditions they were faced with. The pilots were told fairy tales by their commanders to keep up the moral, like the Hurricanes were too slow to intercept the CR.42. Some of the G.50 pilots suffered even heavy frostbites in their open ladies.

Fiat CR 42 Falco 18./JG56 18G56S85aSA and 95aSA en route to Belgium 1940 01

Photo 01: Fiat CR.42s of the 85a and 95a Squadriglia, 56° Stormo, 18° Gruppo (seconded from 3° Stormo) at Rhein/Main, Germany, en route to airfields in Belgium. A total of 50 CR.42s were sent for operations against Britain and, once under Luftwaffe the 18° Gruppo became known 18./JG56.

Fiat CR 42 Falco 18./JG56 18G56S85aSA and 95aSA en route to Belgium 1940 02

Photo 01: Fiat CR.42s of the 85a and 95a Squadriglia, 56° Stormo, 18° Gruppo (seconded from 3° Stormo) at Rhein/Main, Germany, en route to airfields in Belgium. A total of 50 CR.42s were sent for operations against Britain and, once under Luftwaffe the 18° Gruppo became known 18./JG56.

Fiat CR 42 Falco 18./JG56 18G56S85aSA engine warm up Ursel Belgium 1940 01

Fiat CR 42 Falco 18./JG56 18G56S85aSA escort Fiat BR.20M bombers to England 1940 01

Photo 01: On 11 November, 22 CR.42s from 85" and 95" Squadriglie, took off from Eeklo to escort ten Fiat BR,20M bombers in the first CAI daylight raid against England.

Fiat CR 42 Falco 18./JG56 18G56S85aSA moving a bogged fighter Ursel Belgium 1940 01

Fiat CR 42 Falco 18./JG56 18 Gruppo Ursel Belgium 1940 01

Fiat CR 42 Falco 18./JG56 56S18G85aSA 85-16 Antonio Lazzari landed 1940 01

Fiat CR 42 Falco 18./JG56 56S18G95aSA 95-14 crash landed Belgian Nov 11 1940 01

Fiat CR 42 Falco 18G95aSA 13-95 force landed Belgian Nov 1940 01

Photo 01: CR.42, MM6976, coded 95-13, was flown on 11 November by Sergente Pietro Salvadori of the 95" Squadriglia, 18° Gruppo, 56° Stormo. This aircraft was one of 22 escorting BR.20 bombers to England but before combat started an oil pipe broke and this aircraft fell behind the rest of the formation. The engine overheated and Salvadori made a forced landing on the beach at Orfordness, Suffolk. Although the aircraft gently turned up on its nose in shingle, it was practically intact and the pilot was extremely proud of his landing and pleased to be out of the war. Just after landing, a Hurricane came to investigate but in response to Salvadoris frantic waving, the pilot waved back and flew away. Salvadori was taken prisoner and the CR.42 was later dispatched to Farnborough for examination.

Fiat CR 42 Falco 18G95aSA 13-95 force landed Belgian Nov 1940 02

Photo 01: This CR.42, 95-14, MM5703, from the 95° Squadriglia, was another aircraft which took part in the mission to England on 11 November. On its return, however, it made an emergency landing on the Belgian coast and overturned. The pilot, Tennente Ramolo Artina was unhurt. The 83a, 85a and 95a Squadriglie formed the 18° Gruppo which was based at Ursel under the command of Maggiore Ferrucio Vosilla.

Fiat CR 42 Falco 18G95aSA 13-95 force landed Belgian Nov 1940 03

Fiat CR 42 Falco 56S18G85aSA 85-7 Giuntella Ursel Belgium 1940 01

Photo 01: A Fiat CR.42 of the 85" Squadriglia on a rain-swept airfield in Belgium. Not all Italian pilots took kindly to being ordered to Belgium, one Sergente of 95" Squadriglia stating that he loathed the climate, was dissatisfied with his officers and couldnt stand either the food or the Germans!

Fiat CR 42 Falco 56S18G85aSA 85-8 Belgium Nov 11 1940 01

Photo 02: ITALIAN PLANES OVER BRITAIN. On Armistice Day Britain received the first large-scale visit from the Italian Air Force. Between fifteen and twenty bombers that appeared over the Thames Estuary. Escorted by about sixty fighters. were routed by two Hurricane squadrons. who shot down eight bombers and five fighters without loss to themselves. Two, of the planes a Caproni bomber and a Fiat CR-42 fighter, both of which crashed in Suffolk. The remainder of the Italian formation fled.

Fiat CR 42 Falco 56S18G85aSA 85-8 Belgium Nov 11 1940 0S

Fiat CR-42 18./JG56 56 Stormo 20 Gruppo 20Gr Mario Bonzano Ursel Belgium 1940 during the Battle of Britain.

After the raids on Production Facilities in Northern Italy by the Royal Air force, Mussolini was furious and asked Hitler to join the Battle of England. In late September 1940 Bombers were send along with Fiat CR.42 and Fiat G.50 fighters to build up the expeditionary Corpo Aereo Italiano in Belgium. During their mission they started small and useless attacks mostly hundreds of little coastal and supporting duties. The Italian units were withdrawn in April 1941 leaving Belgium and the Channel combat zone. The Italian Intermezzo on the Battle of Britain had less effect, it just led to heavy casualties and depression on the Italian side.

Relating the C.A.I. G.50s in war time pictures we can see a drastic change of their outlook. While on transfer in Germany and in the first weeks in Belgium their Markings and paintjob was as usual. After a week or two weather changed rapidly. On some pictures from now on you cant read the Serials or markings, weathering took a good job. The units had very weak morale because of their under equipped status and the heavy conditions they were faced with. The pilots were told fairy tales by their commanders to keep up the moral, like the Hurricanes were too slow to intercept the CR.42. Some of the G.50 pilots suffered even heavy frostbites in their open ladies.

The Italian entry into the Battle of BritainRegia Aeronautica during the Battle of Britain

IL-2 Sturmovik Cliffs of Dover - COD/CLOD skins - No 3d model at this stage
 
IL2 Sturmovik Forgotten Battles (FB), Ace Expansion Pack (AEP), Pacific Fighters (PF), 1946 skins
  IL2 game skin by AA Fiat CR 42 Falco 56S18G95aSA 95 13 Pietro Salvadori Belgium 1940
  IL2 game skin by AA Fiat CR 42 Falco 56S18G95aSA 95 13 Pietro Salvadori Belgium 1940 V0A

  AA Ackack_ linda@vf29.eclipse.co.uk

  IL2 game skin by NK Fiat CR 42 Falco 56S18G95aSA 95 13 Pietro Salvadori Belgium 1940
  IL2 game skin by NK Fiat CR 42 Falco 56S18G95aSA 95 13 Pietro Salvadori Belgium 1940 NM

  NK

  IL2 game skin by SJ Fiat CR 42 Falco 56S18G85aSA 85-16 Belgium Antonio Lazzari 1940
  IL2 game skin by SJ Fiat CR 42 Falco 56S18G85aSA 85-9 Belgium Nov 11 1940
  IL2 game skin by SJ Fiat CR 42 Falco 56S18G95aSA 95 13 Fibbia Maldegen 1940
  IL2 game skin by SJ Fiat CR 42 Falco 56S18G95aSA 95 14 Belgium 1940
  IL2 game skin by SJ Fiat CR 42 Falco 56S18G95aSA 95 3 Belgium Nov 11 1940
  IL2 game skin by SJ Fiat CR 42 Falco 56S18G95aSA 95 9 Belgium 1940
  IL2 game skin by SJ Fiat CR 42 Falco 56S18G Ferruccio Vosilla Belgium 1940
  IL2 game skin by SJ Fiat CR 42 Falco 85aSquadriglia 85 7 Cesare Giuntella Ursel 1940

  Fiat G.50 Freccia (MM. 5372) Group Commander of 20°Gruppo/56° Stormo C.T. (Sqadriglie 351a, 352a, 353a) German Callsign: 20./JG 56 Maggiore Nov. 1940 Ursel, Belgium SJ Segfej

  IL2 game skin by TA Fiat CR 42 Falco 56S18G95aSA 95 13 Fibbia Maldegen 1940
  IL2 game skin by TA Fiat CR 42 Falco 56S18G95aSA 95 13 Fibbia Maldegen 1940 V0A
  IL2 game skin by TA Fiat CR 42 Falco 85aSquadriglia 85 7 Cesare Giuntella Ursel 1940
  IL2 game skin by TA Fiat CR 42 Falco 85aSquadriglia 85 7 Cesare Giuntella Ursel 1940 V0A

  TA Tchaika

    Bibliography:

  • Apostolo, Giorgio. Fiat CR 42, Ali e Colori 1 (in Italian/English). Torino, Italy: La Bancarella Aeronautica, 1999. No ISBN.
  • Apostolo, Giorgio. Fiat CR 42, Ali d'Italia 1 (in Italian/English). Torino, Italy: La Bancarella Aeronautica, 1998. No ISBN.
  • Avions militaires 1919-1939 - Profils et Histoire (in French). Paris: Hachette, Connaissance de l'histoire, 1979.
  • Beale, Nick, Ferdinando D'Amico and Gabriele Valentini. War Italy: 1944-45. Shrewbury, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1996. ISBN 1-85310-252-0.
  • Boyne, Walter J. Scontro di Ali (in Italian). Milano: Mursia, 1997. ISBN 88-425-2256-2.
  • Carr, John, On Spartan Wings, Barnsley, SY: Pens & Sword Military, 2012. ISBN 978-1-84884-798-9.
  • Cull, Brian and Frederick Galea. Gladiators over Malta: The Story of Faith, Hope and Charity. Malta: Wise Owl Publication, 2008. ISBN 978-99932-92-78-4.
  • De Marchi, Italo. Fiat CR.42 Falco (in Italian). Modena, Italy: Stem Mucchi, 1994. No ISBN.
  • Forslund, Mikael. J 11, Fiat CR 42 (in Swedish with English summary). Falun, Sweden: Mikael Forslund Production, 2001. ISBN 91-631-1669-3.
  • Gustavsson, Håkan and Ludovico Slongo. Fiat CR.42 Aces of World War 2. Midland House, West Way, Botley, Oxford /New York, Osprey Publishing, 2009. ISBN 978-1-84603-427-5.
  • Gustavsson, Håkan and Ludovico Slongo. GLADIATOR vs. CR.42 FALCO 1940-41. Midland House, West Way, Botley, Oxford /New York, Osprey Publishing, 2012. ISBN 978-1-84908-708-7.
  • Gustavsson, Håkan. "South African Air Force use of the Fiat CR.32 and CR.42 during the Second World War." Håkans aviation page, 9 April 2009. Retrieved: 13 April 2009.
  • Haining, Peter. The Chianti Raiders: The Extraordinary Story Of The Italian Air Force in The Battle Of Britain. London: Robson Books, 2005. ISBN 1-86105-829-2.
  • Kopenhagen, W. Das große Flugzeug-Typenbuch (in German). Stuttgart, Germany: Transpress, 1987. ISBN 3-344-00162-0.
  • Lambert, John W. "The 14th Fighter Group in World War II". Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Military History, 2008. ISBN 0-76432-921-9.
  • Lucas, Laddie, ed. Wings of War: Airmen of All Nations Tell their Stories 1939-1945. London: Hutchinson, 1983. ISBN 0-09-154280-4.
  • Massimello, Giovanni and Giorgio Apostolo. Italian Aces of World War 2. Oxford / New York: Osprey Publishing, 2000. ISBN 978-1-84176-078-0.
  • Neulen, Hans Werner. In the skies of Europe - Air Forces allied to the Luftwaffe 1939-1945. Ramsbury, Marlborough, UK: The Crowood Press, 2000. ISBN 1-86126-799-1.
  • Pacco, John. "Fiat CR.42" Belgisch Leger/Armee Belge: Het militair Vliegwezen/l'Aeronautique militaire 1930-1940 (in French). Artselaar, Belgium, 2003, pp. 66–69. ISBN 90-801136-6-2.
  • Pagani, Flaminio. Ali d'aquila Duelli Aerei nei Cieli d'Europa 1936-1943 (in Italian). Milano: Mursia, 2007.
  • Punka, George. Fiat CR 32/CR 42 in Action (Aircraft Number 172). Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal, 2000. ISBN 0-89747-411-2.
  • 'S.C.' (in Italian). Il Messaggero Roma, 12 July 1984.
  • Sgarlato, Nico. Fiat CR.42 (in Italian). Parma, Italy: Delta Editrice, 2005.
  • Skulski, Przemysław. Fiat CR.42 Falco. Redbourn, UK: Mushroom Model Publications, 2007. ISBN 83-89450-34-8.
  • Sutherland, Jon and Diane Canwell. Air War East Africa 1940-41 The RAF versus the Italian Air Force. Barnsley, South Yorkshire, UK: Pen and Sword Aviation, 2009. ISBN 978-1-84415-816-4.
  • Taylor, John W.R. "Fiat CR.42." Combat Aircraft of the World from 1909 to the present. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1969. ISBN 0-425-03633-2.
  • Thomas, Andrew. Gloster Gladiator Aces. Botley, UK: Osprey Publishing, 2002. ISBN 1-84176-289-X.
  • Vossilla, Maggiore. "Pilota Ferruccio, comandante 18° Gruppo C.A.I (in Italian)." Prima Battaglia Aerea Relazione giornaliera Ministero dell'Aeronautica, 11 Novembre 1940.
  • Wheeler, Barry C. The Hamlyn Guide to Military Aircraft Markings. London: Chancellor Press, 1992. ISBN 1-85152-582-3.
  • Winchester, Jim. "Fiat CR.42." Aircraft of World War II (The Aviation Factfile). Kent, UK: Grange Books plc, 2004. ISBN 1-84013-639-1.
  • Air Enthusiast/Twenty
  • Désastre à Schaffen - Christian-Jacques Ehrengardt, 2000, Aéro Journal No. 12
  • Fiat CR.42 - Giorgio Apostolo, 1995 La Bancarella Aeronautica, Torino
  • Luftwaffe Claims Lists - Tony Wood
  • The Fiat CR.42 - Gianni Cattaneo, 1971 Profile Publications, Berkshire
  • Twelve Days In May - Brian Cull and Bruce Lander with Heinrich Weiss, 1999 Grub Street, London, ISBN 1-902304-12-8

    Magazine References: +

  • Airfix Magazines (English) - http://www.airfix.com/
  • Avions (French) - http://www.aerostories.org/~aerobiblio/rubrique10.html
  • FlyPast (English) - http://www.flypast.com/
  • Flugzeug Publikations GmbH (German) - http://vdmedien.com/flugzeug-publikations-gmbh-hersteller_verlag-vdm-heinz-nickel-33.html
  • Flugzeug Classic (German) - http://www.flugzeugclassic.de/
  • Klassiker (German) - http://shop.flugrevue.de/abo/klassiker-der-luftfahrt
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://boutique.editions-lariviere.fr/site/abonnement-le-fana-de-l-aviation-626-4-6.html
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://www.pdfmagazines.org/tags/Le+Fana+De+L+Aviation/
  • Osprey (English) - http://www.ospreypublishing.com/
  • Revi Magazines (Czech) - http://www.revi.cz/

      Web References: +

  • Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fiat_CR.42
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fiat_CR.42
  • http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/falco.htm
  • http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/falco_belgium.htm The Fiat CR.42 in the Belgian Air Force
  • http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/falco_hungary.htm The Fiat CR.42 in the Hungarian Air Force
  • http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/falco_sweden.htm The Fiat CR.42 in the Swedish Air Force

This webpage was updated 3rd February 2017