Role Light bomber / fighter
Manufacturer Bristol Aeroplane Company
Designer Frank Barnwell
First flight 12 April 1935
Retired 1944 (United Kingdom), 1956 (Finland)
Primary users Royal Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force, Finnish Air Force, Royal Yugoslav Air Force
Number built 4,422
Variants Bristol Beaufort, Bristol Fairchild Bolingbroke
The Bristol Blenheim was a British light bomber aircraft designed and built by the Bristol Aeroplane Company that was used extensively in the early days of the Second World War. It was adapted as an interim long-range and night fighter, pending the availability of the Beaufighter. It was one of the first British aircraft to have all-metal stressed-skin construction, to utilise retractable landing gear, flaps, powered gun turret and variable pitch propellers. A Canadian-built variant named the Bolingbroke was used as an anti-submarine and training aircraft.
The Blenheim Mk I outshone most biplane fighters in the late 1930s but stood little chance against the German Messerschmitt Bf 109 during daylight operations, though it proved successful as a night fighter. The Mark IV variant was equally unsuccessful, suffering major losses in the early stages of the war.
Design and development
Blenheim Mk IV cockpit. Note the asymmetry of the instrument console, indicating the position of the scooped out area of the nose in front of the pilot. The ring and bead gunsight for the forward firing guns is visible.
In 1934, Lord Rothermere, owner of the Daily Mail newspaper, challenged to the British aviation industry to build a high-speed aircraft capable of carrying six passengers and two crew members. At the time, German firms were producing a variety of record-breaking high-speed designs, and Rothermere wanted to recapture the title of fastest civilian aircraft in Europe. Bristol had been working on a suitable design as the Type 135 since July 1933, and further adapted it to produce the Type 142 to meet Rothermere's requirements.
Named Britain First, this first flew at Filton on 12 April 1935, and proved to be faster than any fighter in service with the Royal Air Force at the time. The Air Ministry was obviously interested in such an aircraft and quickly sent out Specification B.28/35 for prototypes of a bomber version; the Type 142M (M for military). The main change was to move the wing from a low-wing to a mid-wing position, allowing room under the main spar for a bomb bay. The aircraft was all-metal with two Bristol Mercury VIII air-cooled radial engines, each of 860 hp (640 kW). It carried a crew of three - pilot, navigator/bombardier and telegraphist/air gunner. Armament comprised a single forward-firing .303 in (7.7 mm) Browning machine gun outboard of the port engine and a .303 in (7.7 mm) Lewis Gun in a semi-retracting Bristol Type B Mk I dorsal turret firing to the rear. From 1939 onwards, the Lewis gun was replaced by the more modern .303 in (7.7 mm) Vickers VGO machine gun of the same calibre. A 1,000 lb (450 kg) bomb load could be carried in the internal bay.
To achieve its relatively high speed, the Blenheim had a very small fuselage cross-section, with its upper front glazing all at one angle in the form of a 'stepless cockpit', that used no separate windscreen panels for the pilot. Pilot's quarters on the left side of the nose were so cramped that the control yoke obscured all flight instruments while engine instruments eliminated the forward view on landings. Most secondary instruments were arranged along the left side of the cockpit, with essential items like propeller pitch control actually placed behind the pilot where they had to be operated by feel alone. Like most contemporary British aircraft, the bomb bay doors were kept closed with bungee cords and opened under the weight of the released bombs. Because there was no way to predict how long it would take for the bombs to force the doors open, bombing accuracy was consequently poor.
The aircraft was ordered directly from the drawing board with the first production model serving as the only prototype. The service name then became Blenheim Mk I after the famous battle during the War of the Spanish Succession. Subsequent deliveries started on 10 March 1937, with 114 Squadron being the first squadron to receive the Blenheim. The aircraft would prove to be so successful that it was licensed by a number of countries, including Finland and the Yugoslavia, which completed 60 examples. Other countries bought it outright, including Romania, Greece and Turkey. Total production of the Blenheim Mk I in England amounted to 1,351 aircraft.
Bristol Blenheim bomber at the RAF Museum, London
Work on an extended-range reconnaissance version started as the Blenheim Mk II, which increased tankage from 278 gal (1,264 L) to 468 gal (2,127 L), but only one was completed. Another modification resulted in the Blenheim Mk III, which lengthened the nose, and thereby dispensed with the 'stepless cockpit' format of the Mk.I in introducing a true windscreen in front of the pilot, to provide more room for the bombardier. This required the nose to be 'scooped out' in front of the pilot to maintain visibility during takeoff and landing. However both of these modifications were instead combined, along with a newer version of the Mercury engine with 905 hp (675 kW) and the turret acquired a pair of Brownings instead of the Vickers K; creating the Blenheim Mk IV. A total of 3,307 were produced.
Another modification led to a long-range fighter version; the Blenheim Mk IF. For this role, about 200 Blenheims were fitted with a gun-pack under the fuselage for four .303 in (7.7 mm) Brownings. Later, the Airborne Intercept (AI) Mk III or IV radar was fitted to some aircraft in use as night fighters; these were the first British fighters to be equipped with radar. Their performance was marginal as a fighter, but they served as an interim type, pending availability of the Beaufighter. About 60 Mk IVs were also equipped with the gun pack as the Mk IVF and were used by Coastal Command to protect convoys from German long-range bombers.
The last bomber variant was conceived as an armoured ground attack aircraft, with a solid nose containing four more Browning machine guns. Originally known as the Bisley, (after the shooting competitions held at Bisley), the production aircraft were renamed Blenheim Mk V and featured a strengthened structure, pilot armour, interchangeable nose gun pack or bombardier position, and yet another Mercury variant, this time with 950 hp (710 kW). The Mk V was ordered for conventional bombing operations, with the removal of armour and most of the glazed nose section. The Mk V, or Type 160, was used primarily in the Middle East and Far East.
The Blenheim served as the basis for the Beaufort torpedo bomber, which itself led to the Beaufighter, with the lineage performing two complete circles of bomber to fighter.
Blenheim Mk Is of No. 62 Squadron RAF lined up at RAF Tengah, Singapore, circa February 1941 On the day that war was declared on Germany a Blenheim piloted by Flying Officer Andrew McPherson was the first British aircraft to cross the German coast and the following morning 15 Blenheims from three squadrons set off on one of the first bombing missions. With the rapid advances in technology which had taken place in the late 1930s, by then the aircraft was already obsolescent. The Blenheim was regarded as a pleasant aircraft to fly, although it did have some characteristics which could catch even experienced pilots by surprise. It had become heavier as extra service equipment was installed; much of this was found to be needed through operational experience. This, coupled with the rapid performance increases of fighters, had eclipsed the Blenheim's speed advantage.
The light armament of one .303 in (7.7 mm) Vickers VGO in the turret and one .303 in (7.7 mm) Browning machine gun in the port wing was seldom able to deter fighter opposition. Squadrons were forced to use several different improvisations in an attempt to provide better defensive armament, until officially sanctioned modifications were able to be introduced in early 1940. The Blenheim also proved to be vulnerable to flak, especially around the rear fuselage. Flexible, self-sealing liners had been fitted to the fuel tanks but they were still not fully protected against the 20 mm MG FF cannon carried by the Luftwaffe's Bf 109s and Bf 110s.
After France fell to Germany in June 1940, the Free French Air Force was formed at RAF Odiham in the form of Groupe Mixte de Combat (GMC) 1, consisting of a mixed bag of Blenheims and Westland Lysander liaison/observation aircraft, which eventually went to North Africa and saw action against the Italians and Germans.
The Blenheim units operated throughout the battle, often taking heavy casualties, although they were never accorded the publicity of the fighter squadrons.
The Blenheim units raided German occupied airfields throughout July to December 1940, both during daylight hours and at night. Although most of these raids were unproductive there were some successes; on 1 August five out of 12 Blenheims sent to attack Haamstede and Evere (Brussels) were able to bomb, destroying or heavily damaging three Bf 109s of II./JG 27 and apparently killing a Staffelkapitan identified as Hauptmann Albrecht von Ankum-Frank. Two other 109s were claimed by Blenheim gunners.[f] Another successful raid on Haamstede was made by a single Blenheim on 7 August which destroyed one 109 of 4./JG 54, heavily damaged another and caused lighter damage to four more.
There were also some missions which produced an almost 100% casualty rate amongst the Blenheims; one such operation was mounted on 13 August 1940 against a Luftwaffe airfield near Aalborg in north-eastern Denmark by 12 aircraft of 82 Squadron. One Blenheim returned early (the pilot was later charged and due to appear before a court martial but was killed on another operation), the other 11, which reached Denmark, were shot down, five by flak and six by Bf 109s. As well as the bombing operations, Blenheim-equipped units had been formed to carry out long-range strategic reconnaissance missions over Germany and German-occupied territories. In this role, the Blenheims once again proved to be too slow and vulnerable against Luftwaffe fighters and they took constant casualties.
Cologne power stations raid
The action on 12 August 1941 was described by the Daily Telegraph in 2006 as the 'RAF's most audacious and dangerous low-level bombing raid, a large-scale attack against power stations near Cologne.' The raid was a low-level daylight raid by 54 Blenheims under the command of Wing Commander Nichol of No. 114 Squadron RAF. The Blenheims hit their targets (Fortuna Power Station in Oberaußem-Fortuna and the Goldenberg Power Station in Hürth-Knapsack) but 12 of the Blenheims were lost during the raid, 22% of those that took part which was far above the sustainable loss rate of less than 5%. The England cricketer S/L Bill Edrich was awarded the DFC for his part in the raid.
The Bristol Blenheim was used by both Bomber and Fighter Commands. Some 200 Mk I bombers were modified into Mk IF long-range fighters with 600 (Auxiliary Air Force) Squadron based at Hendon, the first squadron to take delivery of these variants in September 1938. By 1939, at least seven squadrons were operating these twin-engine fighters and within a few months, some 60 squadrons had experience of the type. The Mk IF proved to be slower and less nimble than expected, and by June 1940, daylight Blenheim losses were to cause concern for Fighter Command. It was then decided that the Mk IF would be relegated mainly to night fighter duties where No. 23 Squadron RAF who had already operated the type under night time conditions had better success.
In the German night bombing raid on London, 18 June 1940, Blenheims accounted for five German bombers thus proving they were better suited to a nocturnal role. In July, No. 600 Squadron, by then based at RAF Manston, had some of its Mk IFs equipped with AI Mk III radar. With this radar equipment, a Blenheim from the Fighter Interception Unit (FIU) at RAF Ford achieved the first success on the night of 2–3 July 1940, accounting for a Dornier Do 17 bomber. More successes came and, before long, the Blenheim proved itself invaluable in the night fighter role. Gradually, with the introduction of the Bristol Beaufighter in 1940-1941, the Blenheim was supplanted by its faster, better armed progeny.
Blenheims of No. 60 Squadron RAF flying low to attack a Japanese coaster off Akyab, Burma on 11 October 1942: BURMA. 1942-11-10. LOW LEVEL ATTACKS BY RAF BLENHEIM SQUADRONS. AIRCRAFT FROM NO. 60 SQUADRON LEVELLING OUT FOR THE "RUN IN" TO MAKE A MAST-HEAD ATTACK ON A JAPANESE COASTER OFF AKYAB. A SPRINKLING OF RAAF MEN SERVED WITH THIS SQUADRON. (AIR MINISTRY). (PHOTOGRAPH REPRODUCED IN OFFICIAL HISTORY VOLUME: RAAF 1939-42, PAGE 466).
Blenheims continued to operate widely in many combat roles until about 1943, equipping RAF squadrons in the UK and in British bases in Egypt, Iraq, Aden, India, British Malaya, Singapore, and the Dutch East Indies. Many Blenheims were lost to Japanese fighters during the Malayan Campaign, battles for Singapore, and Sumatra. By that point, the traditional daylight light bomber role was more effectively carried out by suitable fighter-bombers, and the surviving examples were relegated to training duties. Nonetheless, the Blenheim played a role in preventing India from falling and recapturing Burma, destroying over 60 aircraft on the ground in raids on Bangkok early in the campaign.
One Blenheim pilot, Squadron Leader Arthur Scarf, was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for an attack on Singora, Thailand, on 9 December 1941. Another bomber of No. 60 Squadron RAF was credited with shooting down Lt Col Tateo Katō's Nakajima Ki-43 fighter and badly damaging two others in a single engagement on 22 May 1942, over the Bay of Bengal. Katō's death was a severe blow for the Imperial Japanese Army Air Force.
The Air Ministry's replacement for the Blenheim as a daylight bomber, another Bristol design the Buckingham, was overtaken by events and changes in requirements and considered inferior to the de Havilland Mosquito, and as such did not see combat. The final ground attack version - the Blenheim Mk V - first equipped 139 Squadron in June 1942. Eventually 13 squadrons - mainly in the Middle East and Far East - received this variant but operated them generally only for a few months.
Bristol Blenheim BL-129 of Finnish Air Force LeLv 44
In 1936, the Finnish Air Force ordered 18 Blenheim Mk Is from Britain and two years later, they obtained a manufacturing license for the aircraft. Before any aircraft could be manufactured at the Valtion lentokonetehdas (State Airplane Factory) in Finland, the Winter War broke out, forcing the Finns to order more aircraft from the UK. A further 24 British-manufactured Blenheims were ordered during the Winter War. After the Winter War, 55 Blenheims were constructed in Finland, bringing the total number to 97 aircraft (75 Mk Is and 22 Mk IVs).
The Finns also received 20 half-completed ex-Yugoslavian Mk IV Blenheims captured by Germany, together with manufacturing tools and production equipment, as well as a huge variety of spare parts. Yugoslavia had ceased production of the Mk I and commenced a production run of Mk IVs just prior to the April 1941 invasion.
The Finnish Blenheims flew 423 missions during the Winter War, and close to 3,000 missions during the Continuation War and Lapland War. Blenheim machine gunners also shot down eight Soviet aircraft. Thirty-seven Blenheims were lost in combat during the wars.
After the war, Finland was prohibited from flying bomber aircraft. However, some of the Finnish Blenheims continued in service as target tugs until 1958.
Bolingbroke IVT in the Commonwealth Air Training Plan Museum, Brandon, Manitoba
Blenheim Mk IF
Two-seat night fighter variant.
Blenheim Mk I
Three-seat twin-engined light bomber, powered by two 840 hp (630 kW) Bristol Mercury VIII radial piston engines, armed with a 0.303 in (7.7 mm) machine gun in the port wing, plus a 0.303 in (7.7 mm) Vickers K gun in the dorsal turret, maximum bombload 1,000 lb (450 kg). 1,552 built. Company designation Type 142M.
Blenheim Mk IF
Night fighter version, equipped with an AI Mk III or Mk IV airborne interceptor radar, armed with four 0.303 in (7.7 mm) machine guns in a special gun pack under the fuselage. About 200 Blenheim Mk Is were converted into Mk IF night fighters.
Blenheim Mk II
Long-range reconnaissance version with extra fuel tankage. Only one Blenheim Mk II was built.
Blenheim Mk III
Blenheim Mk IV
Improved version, fitted with protective armour, powered by two 905 hp (675 kW) Bristol Mercury XV radial piston engines, armed with a 0.303 in (7.7 mm) machine gun in the port wing, plus two 0.303 in (7.7 mm) machine-guns in a powered operated dorsal turret, and two remotely controlled rearward-firing 0.303 in (7.7 mm) machine gun mounted beneath the nose, maximum bombload 1,000 lb (450 kg) internally and 320 lb (150 kg) externally. 3,307 built.
Blenheim Mk IVF
Long-range fighter version, armed with four 0.303 in (7.7 mm) machine guns in special gun pack under the fuselage. About 60 Blenheim Mk IVs were converted into Mk IVF fighters.
Blenheim Mk V
High-altitude bomber version, powered by two Bristol Mercury XV or XXV radial piston engines.
Australia Canada Croatia Finland France Greece India New Zealand Portugal Romania South Africa Turkey United Kingdom Yugoslavia
There are currently no Blenheim or Bolingbroke aircraft that are airworthy. The first airworthy Blenheim had been rebuilt from a scrapped Bolingbroke over a 12-year period, only to crash at an airshow at Denham within a month of completion. A replacement Bolingbroke Mk IVT was rebuilt to flying status in just five years and painted to represent a Blenheim Mk IV in RAF wartime service. It began appearing at air shows and exhibitions in the UK, flying since May 1993 and was used in the 1995 film version of Shakespeare's Richard III. This aircraft crashed on landing at Duxford on 19 August 2003; the crash was feared to have made it a write-off, but it is presently undergoing an extensive repair and conversion to Mark 1 status ('Short nose' version) in conjunction with The Aircraft Restoration Company (ARC or ARCo), most of the work being done by volunteers. Funds are raised through donations and also by The Blenheim Society who run a Grand Flying Draw among many other activities. The aircraft is currently in Hangar 3 at the Imperial War Museum at Duxford and is the property of Blenheim (Duxford) Ltd.
In Canada, a number of other Bolingbrokes survived the war but were summarily consigned to the scrap heap. Postwar, enterprising farmers often bought surplus aircraft such as these for the scrap metal content, tires for farm implements, and even for the fuel remaining in the tanks. Some surviving examples in Canada of the Bolingbroke can be traced back to this period. The Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum in Hamilton, Ontario is rebuilding a Bolingbroke to airworthy status. The Commonwealth Air Training Plan Museum in Brandon, Manitoba has restored the exterior of one Bolingbroke, painting it in the Air Training Plan yellow color. This particular aircraft is on display at a location on the Trans-Canada Highway in Brandon. A restored Bolingbroke is on static display at the British Columbia Aviation Museum in Victoria, British Columbia. The Canadian Museum of Flight at Langley Airport, Langley, British Columbia has on display the restored nose and cockpit section of a Bolingbroke, and holds the rest of an entire airframe in storage pending future restoration and display.
In Finland, the sole surviving original Blenheim in the world, a Mk IV registered as BL-200 of the Finnish Air Force, has been completely restored and is now on show at the Aviation Museum of Central Finland at Tikkakoski.
In the summer of 1996, a Bristol Blenheim Mk IVF was recovered from the sea, a few kms off Rethymnon, Crete. The aircraft belonged to the 203 Squadron RAF and was downed by friendly fire on 28 April 1941. The Blenheim was restored and moved to the Hellenic Air Force Museum. 
Bristol Aeroplane Company, Filton, United Kingdom or Valtion Lentokonetehdas (VL), Tampere, Finland, particles of series V and VI also by Ikarus A.D., Zemun, Yugoslavia
Country of origin:
- Mk. I
- Series I, IV: United Kingdom
- Series II: Finland [this series was also called "Bristol Blenheim Mk.II (Finnish licence)"]
- Series V: Finland / Yugoslavia
- Mk. IV (Longnose)
- Series III: United Kingdom
- Series VI: Finland / Yugoslavia / Germany
Crew 3 - pilot, observer / bomber, radio operator / rear turret MG gunner
- 2x Bristol or Tampella Mercury VIII or VIIIA / 840 hp, 9-cylinder air-cooled radial engines or
- Series III, V (partly) and VI (partly): 2x Bristol or Tampella Mercury XI / 905 hp (100 octane fuel), 9-cylinder air-cooled radial engines
- metallic de Havilland or Hamilton Standard variable pitch (adjustable) propellers or
- wooden VLS 8000 (Fin) variable-pitch (adjustable, two positions) propellers,
- wooden VLS 8001 (Fin) variable-pitch (adjustable, two positions) propellers
- Series I, II, IV: 435 km/h (at 4.150 m)
- Series V: 440 km/h (at 5.000 m)
- Series III, VI (Longnose): 450 km/h (at 5.000 m)
Cruising speed: 300 km/h
Maximum ceiling: ? m
Maximum range: / operating time: 600 km / approx. 4 h
Fuel capacity: 2x 630 l Dimensions
Wing span: 12.17 m
- Mk. I: 12.12 m
- Mk. IV (Longnose): 12.98 m
- Mk. I: 2.98 m
- Mk. IV (Longnose): 3.05 m
- Mk. I (Series III, IV): 4.140 kg (empty), 6.500 kg (full combat)
- Mk. IV (Longnose, series IV): 4.175 kg (empty), 6.600 kg (full combat)
Radio: Marconi (I, III, IV, UK), 1257 (II, Fin) or P-12-14 (Fin), (since spring 1944) Telefunken FuG 10 (Ger)
Cameras: Eagle IV (25 or 30/18x24) (UK), Carl Zeiss RMK 20/30x30 (Ger), (40-) Carl Zeiss Rb 75/30x30 (Ger) or (41-) Fairchild FRD-K-3C (30,6/23x23) (USA)
Bomb load: practical 600 kg (for all models)
- Series I: 800 or 972 kg
- Series II, V: 850 kg / 402 kg with incendiary bomb cassettes
- Series III, IV: typical British style load only 526 kg
- Series V, VI: 800 or 972 kg / 402 kg with incendiary bomb cassettes
- in open bomb bay (bombs partly outside fuselage, no doors): 8 - Tolfvan RMS 100 1/BL for 50 or 100 kg bombs
- in both wings (bombs partly outside): 2 - Tolfvan RMS 12,5 1/BL for 12,5 or 25 kg bombs
Series II, V and BL-109 of Series I:
- bomb bay (bombs inside fuselage): 2 - RMS-250 (or two 115 kg R.A.E. incendiary bomb cassettes), 2 - RMS-100 and two additional bomb cassettes for 12 tiny 3 kg bombs each - in both wings (bombs inside wing): 2 - RMS-100 Series III, IV:
- bomb bay (bombs inside fuselage): 4 - R.S.250/150lbs.No.1 Type E.M./E.F.Mk.I for four 250 lbs or 2 - R.S.260lbs.No.2 Type E.M./E.F.Mk.I for two 500 lbs bombs
- rear fuselage (bombs outside): 8 - R.S.20lbs.Type E.M.Mk.I for light flares or training bombs
- in both wings (bombs inside wing): 2 - R.S.20lbs.Type E.M.Mk.II for target marking or light flares
Series V, VI:
- bomb bay (bombs inside fuselage): 8 - RMS-100-II and 2 - RMS-250-I plus two additional bomb cassettes for 12 tiny 3 kg bombs each
- both wings (bombs inside wing): 2 - RMS-100-I for 25 kg bombs
- optical: Wimperis or Goertz I
- mechanical: PW 2 (Fin) or TM m/42 (Fin)
- in left wing: 1 - 7.62 mm Vickers MG (400 rds box)
- in rear turret: 1 - 7.62 mm L-33/BL MG (7x 75 rds drum)
- in wings: 2 - 7.7 mm Browning FN MG
- in rear turret: 1 - 7.7 mm L-33/36/IX MG (7x 75 rds drum)
Series III, IV:
- in wings: 2 - .303 in (7.7 mm) Browning Mk.II MG
- in rear turret: 1 - .303 in (7.7 mm) Vickers G.O.MI MG (7x 75 rds drum)
Series V, VI:
- in wings: 2 - 7.7 mm Browning FN MG (450 rds box for each MG)
- in rear turret: 1 - 7.7 mm Browning FN MG (625 rds belt)
Specifications (Blenheim Mk IV)
Data from British Warplanes of World War II
Length: 42 ft 7 in (12.98 m)
Wingspan: 56 ft 4 in (17.17 m)
Height: 9 ft 10 in (3.0 m)
Wing area: 469 ft² (43.6 m²)
Empty weight: 9,790 lb (4,450 kg)
Loaded weight: 14,400 lb (6,545 kg)
Powerplant: 2 × Bristol Mercury XV radial engine, 920 hp (690 kW) each
Propellers: Three-bladed Hamilton Standard propeller
Maximum speed: 266 mph (231 kn, 428 km/h at 11,800 ft (3,597 m))
Cruise speed: 198 mph (172.25 kn, 319 km/h)
Range: 1,460 mi (1,270 nmi, 2,351 km)
Service ceiling: 27,260 ft (8,310 m)
Rate of climb: 1,500 ft/min (7.6 m/s)
Wing loading: 30.7 lb/ft² (150 kg/m²)
Power/mass: 0.13 hp/lb (.21 kW/kg)
1 × .303 in (7.7 mm) Browning machine gun in port wing
1 or 2 × .303 in (7.7 mm) Browning guns in rear-firing under-nose blister or Nash & Thomson FN.54 turret
2 × .303 in (7.7 mm) Browning guns in dorsal turret
Bombs: 1200 lb (540 kg)
4 × 250 lb (113 kg) bombs or
2 × 500 lb (227 kg) bombs internally and 8× 40 lb (18 kg) bombs externally
Bristol Blenheim Photographs List
Artwork Blenheim MkIV RAF 105Sqn GBD V6028 Port of Bremen raid Jul 1941 0A
Artwork Bristol Blenheim MkI RAF 113Sqn VAG L1381 Greece 1941 0A
The crew of Bristol Blenheim Mark I, L1381 fuselage code VA-G, of No. 84 Squadron RAF, prepare to board their aircraft at Menidi/Tatoi Airport, Greece, for a raid on an Italian port in Albania during the Italo-Greek war of 1940/1941. The Blenheim L1381 was one of four aircraft of this type lost by RAF during a raid on Valona, Albania, on 7 December 1941, when it crash-landed near Sarande after being damaged by an Italian fighter.
Artwork camouflage and markings sheet Bristol Blenheim MkI by AIR Enthusiast Mar 2007 0A-B
Bristol Blenheim blueprint of the various versions 0A
Bristol Blenheim Cockpit IWM Duxford 01
Bristol Blenheim MkIF RAF 13OTU FVV and FVB in tight formation over England 01
Bristol Blenheim MkIF RAF 30Sqn VTN K7177 Maleme Crete 1941
Bristol Blenheim MkIF RAF 600Sqn BQD L8679 England 1940 01
Bristol Blenheim MkI Imperial War Museum Duxford UK 01
Bristol Blenheim MkI RAF 107Sqn OMW crashsite
Bristol Blenheim MkI RAF 110Sqn VE R3500 England 1940
Bristol Blenheim MkI RAF 114Sqn based at RAF Wyton 1937
Bristol Blenheim MkI RAF 29Sqn REO REA and REP over Digby England 11th Jan 1940 01
Bristol Blenheim MkI RAF K7033 01
Bristol Blenheim MkI RAF K7037 01-02
Bristol Blenheim MkI RAF K7072 01
Bristol Blenheim MkI RAF Sqn D S over the channel
Bristol Blenheim MkI Vazduhoplovstvo Vojske reconnaissance white 25 Romania 1942
Bristol Blenheim MkIVF RAF 105Sqn GBG RAF Wyton England 1940
Bristol Blenheim MkIVF RAF 13OTU Operational Training Unit FVB V6083 Britain 01-02
Bristol Blenheim MkIVF RAF 60Sqn flying low to attack a Japanese coaster off Akyab Burma 11 October 1942
Bristol Blenheim MkIVF RAF 68Sqn WMZ Z5722 restored 01-03
Bristol Blenheim MkIV RAF 107Sqn OM D N6190 and RAF139Sqn XDM N6227 drawing by Airfix 0A
Bristol Blenheim MkIV RAF 107Sqn OMJ England 1940
Bristol Blenheim MkIV RAF 139Sqn XDE L8756 over France 1940 IWM 01
Bristol Blenheim MkIV RAF 248Sqn WRB based at North Coates Lincolnshire in flight over the North Sea 01
Bristol Blenheim MkIV RAF 614Sqn LJO over England 1941 01
Bristol Blenheim MkIV RAF Museum Jan 2007
Bristol Blenheim MkV RAF EH458 and EH498 North Africa Italy 01
Bristol Bolingbroke Mk4T RAF 139Sqn XDA L9416 cn 880207 01-02
Photo Bristol Blenheim MkI Vazduhoplovstvo Vojske reconnaissance white 25 Romania 1942
Photo The shattered remains of Blenheim IF L1514/BQ-N of No 600 Sqn sit on a Dutch mudbank following Pit Off Dickie Haine's forced landing after his aircraft was shot up by a Bf 110 over Waalhaven on the first day of the German offensive, 10 May 1940 (Ft C Haine)
Photo L8679/BQ-D was one of the Blenheim IFs that Archie Boyd flew while serving with No 600 Sqn. The fighter is seen here parked at Manston shortly before it was lost during a night patrol off Westgate, Kent, on 9 July 1940
Magazine References: +
Web References: +
Editor for Asisbiz: Matthew Laird Acred
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