Jagdgeschwader 77 - JG77

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-2 JG 77 abandoned El Aouina Tunisia 1943

Messerschmitt Bf 109G 7./JG77 Heinz Furth and Johann Pichler Russia Sep 1942

Messerschmitt Bf 109G2 JG 77 new emblem to commemorate Joachim Muncheberg

Possiblity photo's Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-14 7./JG 77 (White 15+) Willi Drude WNr 463224 Stavanger/Sola in Norway 1944

Stab Jagdgeschwader 77 - Stab JG77

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-2/Trop Stab I./JG77 flown by Maj. Heinz Bär, CO of I./JG 77 Comiso airfield Italy September 1942

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-2/Trop Stab JG77 WNr 10501 Bir el Abd airfield Tunisia early November 1942

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-2/Trop Stab JG77 white (3+ WNr 10501 deliberately destroyed and abandoned Gambut Libya 4th Nov 1942

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-2 Stab JG77 (+ Johannes Steinhoff abandoned El Aouina Tunisia 1943

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-2 JG77 (-+- Johannes Steinhoff Russia 1943

Pilots 4./JG52 Johannes Steinhoff

Photo 01: This Bf-109F-2, W.Nr. 6770, was normally flown in Russia by Oblt. Johannes Steinhoff, the Staffelkapitan of 4./JG52, but was written off in a taxiing accident at Andrejewo on 31 July. It is believed, however, that Steinhoff was not at the controls on this occasion. The victory bars show Steinhoff's eight successes in the West and the 12 claimed in the East up to the time this photograph was taken. Note the unusually glossy finish to the horizontal tail surfaces. The latest two victory bars have yet to have their red stars applied, but the stencil which will be required for this purpose may be seen between the tins of paint.

Bf 109G 2./JG52 Johannes Steinhoff Russia 1942 01

Photo 01: This Bf 109G-2 was flown by Hptm. Johannes Steinhoff, Kommandeur of II./JG52, and has a dark area behind the cockpit where its identification markings have been changed. Note also the mottle applied to the cowling, possibly to conceal an earlier all-yellow finish.

Pilots 2./JG52 Johannes Steinhoff Russia July 1942 01
Hptm. Johannes Steinhoff, Kommandeur of II./JG52, seen here in the cockpit of his aircraft in July 1942, in which month he flew his 600th war flight.

Pilots JG52 Johannes Steinhoff 01-02

Stab I. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 77 - Stab I./JG77

Messerschmitt Bf 109G2/Trop Stab I./JG77 (+-Heinz Edgar Berres Gruppen Adjutant Tunisia Jan 1942

Profile Source Mark Styling http://www.markstyling.com/index.htm

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-2/Trop I./JG77 ((+ Heinz Bar Tunisia 1943

Profiles and Photo Data: Despite strict orders that abandoned aircraft and equipment should not fall into enemy hands intact, a surprising number of aircraft found in North Africa were relatively undamaged and a former pilot of the US 79th Fighter Group recalled that this Group alone possessed several captured Bf 109s, most of which were restored to an airworthy condition. It is believed that before it was captured, this Bf-109G-2 was flown by Hptm. Heinz Bar, Kommandeur of I./JG77, and was clearly discovered in such a good state of repair that it was considered possible to restore it to flying condition. In these two photographs, American technical personnel are working on the aircraft which has already had the swastika on the tail painted out and a US star painted under the wing. The camouflage on this aircraft appears to have been a standard mid-demarcation 78/79 scheme with the uppersurfaces oversprayed with green lines.

Pilot Photo Data: Major Heinz Bar, Kommandeur of I./JG77, photographed on an airfield in Tunisia at the end of April 1943, just a few weeks before the unit withdrew and all Axis forces in Tunisia capitulated. Note that all the white theatre markings on the Bf-109G-6 in the background have been covered to render them less conspicuous while the aircraft was on the ground.

Pilot Photo Data: Major Heinz Bar, seen in Tunisia in February 1943. Note the OAK (Oeutsches Afrika Korps) watch strap on his left wrist and the flare pistols on the table.

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-2/Trop Stab I./JG77 (+ Heinz Edgar Berres Tunisia 1942

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-4 I./JG77 flown by Heinz Edgar Berres from Tunisia January 1943.

Stab II. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 77 - Stab II./JG77

Messerschmitt Bf 109G2 Stab II./JG 77 (B2+x) Tunesia 1943

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-2 Stab II./JG77 (2+ Gordon Gollob Crimea, Ukraine 1942

Pilots JG3 Gordon Gollob Russia October 1942 01

Photo 01: Major Gordon Gollob wearing the Oak Leaves, awarded on 26 October 1941.

Pilots JG3 Gordon Gollob Russia October 1942 02

Photo 02: Major Gollob examining the papers of a Russian PoW in the Summer of 1942. Second from left in this photograph, showing the Russian being interrogated, is Eichenlaubtrager Lt. Adolf Dickfeld of llI./JG52.

Pilots JG3 Gordon Gollob Russia 1942 01

Photo 01: Major Gordon Gollob, Kommandeur of JG77, photographed during the advance towards Stalingrad.

Pilots JG3 Gordon Gollob Russia 1942 02

Photo 01: Major Gollob wearing Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds.

Stab III. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 77 - Stab III./JG77

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-2 Stab III./JG77 'White Chevron Yellow 1' flown by Gruppenkommandeur Hauptmann Kurt Ubben Russia September 1942

Messerschmitt Bf 109G2 Stab III./JG77 (1+-Kurt Ubben Gruppenkommandeur Russia Sep 1942

Profile Source Mark Styling http://www.markstyling.com/index.htm

I. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 77 - I./JG77

Jagdgeschwader 77 Emblem

1 Staffel I. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 77 - 1./JG77

Aircrew Luftwaffe pilot Armin Kohler North Africa July 1942 01

Aircrew Luftwaffe pilot I./JG77 Heinz Bar Armin Kohler 01

Artwork Bf 109 G-2Trop 1./JG77 (W3+x) Armin Kolher North Africa 1942 0A-0B

Artwork Bf 109 G-2Trop 1./JG77 (W3+x) Horst Schlick WNr 10533 abandoned Bir el Abd AF Nov 4 1942 0A-0B

Messerschmitt Bf 109G2/Trop 1./JG77 (W3+x) Horst Schlick WNr 10533 abandoned Bir el Abd AF 4th Nov 1942

Profile Source Mark Styling http://www.markstyling.com/index.htm

Messerschmitt Bf 109G6 1./JG77 White 1 Ernst Wilhelm Reinert Staffelkapitan Aug 1943

Profile Source Mark Styling http://www.markstyling.com/index.htm

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-2Trop I./JG77 (W3+x) Horst Schlick WNr 10533 abandoned Bir el Abd AF Nov 4 1942 01-02

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-2 1./JG77 (W3+x) Lt. Arwin Kolher North Africa 1942

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-2/Trop 1./JG77 (White 12+) Wilhelm Scheib WNr 10579 Sicily Oct 1942

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-14AS I./JG77 Green 1 Germany 1944

2.LG2 Emblem

2 Staffel I. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 77 - 2./JG77

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-6/Trop 2./JG77 Black 1 WNr 15463 Sicily 1943

Photo Source: Avions 90 Page 23

Messerschmitt Bf 109G2 2./JG 77 (B2+x) Tunisia 1943

0-Messerschmitt-Bf 109G-2./JG 77-(B2+x)-Tunisia-1943-0A
1-Messerschmitt-Bf 109G-2./JG 77-(B2+x)-Tunisia-1943-01
Photo 01 and Profile: Messerschmitt Bf 109G.2 trop 'Black 2' of 2./JG77, Tunisia, 1943 This aircraft is believed to have been camouflaged in an overall light tan colour on the uppersurfaces with sprayed meandering lines, probably in a dark green. As this is thought to have been applied over a European scheme, the undersurfaces were probably 76. The black numeral on the fuselage side was thinly outlined in white and the spinner, shown here completely white, may have had areas of wear. The Staffel badge appeared aft of the white fuselage band and little of the original 70 green remained on the propeller blades. As no tail details are visible in the photograph, the profile shows its likely appearance.
1-Messerschmitt-Bf 109G-2./JG 77-(B2+x)-Tunisia-1943-02
The pilot of another, similarly camouflaged Bf 109G of 2./JG77, evidently being congratulated on his return from a successful sortie.
1-Messerschmitt-Bf 109G-2./JG 77-(B_+x)-Tunisia-1943-01
Photo 01: Although the angle of the aircraft to the camera makes it difficult to see, this captured Bf 109G would appear to have a similar camouflage. Note the worn area on the spinner.

Messerschmitt Bf 109G2 2./JG 77 (B3+x) Tunesia 1943
Messerschmitt Bf 109G2 2./JG 77 (B4+x) Tunesia 1943
Messerschmitt Bf 109G2 2./JG 77 (B5+x) Tunesia 1943
Messerschmitt Bf 109G2 2./JG 77 (B6+x) Tunesia 1943
Messerschmitt Bf 109G2 2./JG 77 (B7+x) Tunesia 1943
Messerschmitt Bf 109G2 2./JG 77 (B8+x) Tunesia 1943
Messerschmitt Bf 109G2 2./JG 77 (B9+x) Tunesia 1943
Messerschmitt Bf 109G2 2./JG 77 (B10+x) Tunesia 1943
Messerschmitt Bf 109G2 2./JG 77 (B11+x) Tunesia 1943

Messerschmitt Me109G-2 Trop, 'Black 12', of 5./JG77. This aircraft was abandoned in North Africa a found by advancing Allied forces in late 1942.

Profiles and Photo Data: Bf 109G2 II.JG77 (B12+x) abandoned North Africa late 1942

3 Staffel I. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 77 - 3./JG77

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-2 I./JG77 Yellow 10+x abandoned near Bir el Abd AF North Africa Nov 4 1942

Messerschmitt Bf 109G 3./JG77 Fw. Heinz Furth and Ofw. Johann Pichler Russia Sep 1942 01

Photo 01: In July 1942, 3./JG77 was withdrawn from the Crimea to convert to the Bf 109G, but due to delays in the delivery of the new machines, conversion was not completed until August when the pilots assembled at Jesau in East Prussia to take delivery of a full complement of brand-new G-2s, some fitted with MG 151 cannon in underwing fairings. On 6 September, III. Gruppe moved from Jesau to Lyuban where it was to assist in the fighting for Leningrad. Here, two pilots of 7. Staffel are seen with a cannon-equipped Bf 109G-2 in the dark-green camouflage favoured by the Gruppe. On the left is Fw. Heinz Furth, with Ofw. Johann Pichler, later a Ritterkreuztrager, on the right. Note that, as frequently observed, the wolf's head in III. Gruppe emblem on the engine cowling - based on the family coat of arms of the former Kommandeur,Alexander von Winterfeld - appears very light in colour and was probably light brown.

Messerschmitt Bf 109G2 Trop 3./JG 77 Yellow 2 Tunisia 1942

Messerschmitt Bf 109G6 3./JG 77 Yellow 6 Sicily 1943

Messerschmitt Bf 109G6 3./JG 77 Yellow 7 Sicily 1943

Messerschmitt Bf 109G6 3./JG 77 Yellow 8 Sicily 1943

Messerschmitt Bf 109G6 3./JG 77 Yellow 9 Sicily 1943

Messerschmitt Bf 109G2 Trop 3./JG 77 Yellow 10 Tunisia 1942

Profiles and Photo Data: Military in Scale 2006-05 (162) Page 26

II./JG77 Emblem

II. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 3 - II./JG77

4. Staffel II. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 3 - 4./JG77

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-14 4./JG77 (Blue 3+x) Horst Schlick WNr 512382 Eggersdorf Germany Nov 1944

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-6 4./JG77 (White 2+-) Sicily April 1943

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-2 4./JG 77 (White 3+) abandoned North Africa 1942

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-6 4./JG 77 (White 4+) WNr 16416 abandoned El Aouina Tunisia 1943

Profiles and Photo Data: A Bf 109G-6 trop in Tunisia. This aircraft has been identified as 'White 4', W. Nr. 16416, which belonged to 4./JG77 and which was recorded as 100 per cent destroyed (ie written off) at Soliman as a result of enemy action. It was later captured by US troops and shipped to the United States where the Evaluation Branch of the Technical Data Laboratory allocated it the serial no EB-I02. Although some damage is evident in this view, the machine appears relatively intact, but in the final days in Tunisia, the Luftwaffe considered any aircraft which could not be flown out a write-off, hence the 100 per cent damage assessment. Exactly why this particular example was shipped to the US is nevertheless a mystery since several USAAF units in Tunisia are known to have captured a number of airworthy G-6s or there were available other machines which had already been repaired by USAAF technical personnel. Once repaired in the US, EB-I02 did not long survive: it was severely damaged in a landing mishap on 1 September 1944, following which it is presumed not to have been repaired.

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-2/Trop 4./JG77 (W10+-) Ernst Wilhelm Reinert Castell Benito Libya Jan 1943

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-2 4./JG77 (W10+-) Ernst Wilhelm 'Erwi' Reinert Tunisia Sicily April 1943

Profiles and Photo Data: Profile no 64. Flown by Oberfeldwebel Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert, 4./JG 77, Castell Benito/Libya, January 1943.

© Claes Sundin 2009 text: Christer Bergström 2002 Published by Schiffer Military History Book 2002 ISBN: 0-7643-1559-5

6. Staffel II. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 3 - 6./JG77

Messerschmitt Bf 109G-6 4./JG77 (White 12+)

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G6/Trop 6./JG77 (Yellow 1+-) Italy 1944

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G6/Trop 6./JG77 (Yellow 6+-) Tunisia 1943

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-2 6./JG77 (Yellow 3+) Herbert Kaiser Italy January 1944

Profiles and Photo Data: Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-2 6./JG77 Gelbe 3 (Yellow 3) Lt. Herbert Kaiser, Italy January 1944

III. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 3 - III./JG77

7 Staffel III Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 77 - 7./JG77

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G2 7./JG77 Wolfdieter Huy Staffelkapitan Crimea in early 1942

Profiles and Photo Data: Messerschmitt Bf 109G2 Ritterkreuztrager Obt. Wolfdieter Huy Staffelkapitan of 7./JG77, flew in the Crimea in early 1942 until posted to North Africa in the late Summer

Aircrew Luftwaffe pilot 7./JG77 Wolfdieter Huy 01-03

Photo 03: Ritterkreuztrager Obt. Wolfdieter Huy, Staffelkapitan of 7./JG77, flew in the Crimea in early 1942 until posted to North Africa in the late Summer.

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-14 7./JG 77 WNr 463244 Wilhelm Karl Drude (Willy Drude) Eggersdorf, SE of Berlin November 1944

Attending funerals Wilhelm Karl Drude

Extraordinary story of Wilhelm Karl Drude or 'Willy Drude'

emailEmail: Tuesday, January 2, 2013 5:48 PM from Wolfgang Drude

Guten Tag,

Just looking through your web site for some skins that'd work for a flight sim I've just recently started playing, namely IL2 Sturmovik 1946. I suddenly stumbled upon my dad's old Jagdgeschwader, namely 7./JG77. Dad was born in Bremen, Germany in 1922 and died at the age of 81 in Grants Pass, Oregon in Sep. of 2003. After his death, my mother gave me all the photos he had from WWII . I remember him telling me being stationed in Paris, France when he got caught coming back on base with a suitcase full of nylons and cigs. So basically he was black marketeering. That little stunt got him a transfer to the Russian Front, so most of his photos were from there. In November of 1944 his JG was stationed at an airfield in Eggersdorf, Germany. It's just SE of Berlin and that airstrip still exists today. It was at this airstrip that I believe the last photos of him were taken. I googled it and actually found it. The same forest in the background on the photo is also still there. The airstrip also has a bar/ pub, or Kneipe as it's known in German called "Die fliegende Kiste" (The flying crate), Kiste of course being the German slang pilots used to call their planes. I got in touch with the owner via email and he was totally unaware that a fighter squadron had been stationed there for a brief time during the war. It's now mainly used by small planes and gliders. From there his Staffel was transferred to Stavanger/Sola in Norway. It's located on the south-western most side of Norway right by the North Sea. It was from here that dad flew his last combat mission. Engine failure caused him to make an emergency landing over enemy territory and on Dec. 26, 1944 the Luftwaffe listed him as MIA. The plane he flew was a Bf 109G-14 (Nr.463224). Dad spent the next 1 1/2 years in an English POW camp after which he came back to Germany. I'm his only son and was born in Bottrop, Germany in 1949. It's about 6 km from the city of Essen in the Ruhr area.

I wish I had started playing this flight sim much sooner so I could have quizzed dad more thoroughly about his squadron. Unfortunately that's no longer possible, so I can only relay to you what he told me. I'll include a few pics. These are just photos I took of photos dad had since I don't have the negatives. I then downloaded them onto the computer and from there to you. I should probably scan them directly onto the computer to getter resolution, but not tonight, it's already 2:45am. The one with the guy on the prop is my dad and the other 2 are of his "Erster Wart", or First Mechanic, definitely a guy you want to be friends with.
Best regards,
Wolfgang Drude.

Email: Friday, January 18, 2013 11:42 PM from Wolfgang Drude

Been out of town myself and just got back to see your email. Dad did have some aerials but didn't achieve "ace" status in the Luftwaffe. Things must have been pretty nasty on the Russian Front since he didn't talk about it much and only when I prompted him. The plane you see him on is the same one he crash landed with in enemy territory due to mechanical failure, that failure not having been caused by enemy fire. He wasn't shot down at any time during the war and actually survived the entire ordeal without as much as a scratch, quite an accomplishment given the circumstances. I never was able to make out the number on the side of his plane but only know the serial no. through records I have. I have the address in Berlin where I can crosscheck his career, but I'm not certain how detailed that would be. I could kick myself in the ass now for not having questioned him more thoroughly about his military career, but knowing he didn't want to talk about it, I let it ride, obviously until it was too late. So dad basically took all those details to his grave. Dad had 4 other brothers who were in the Wehrmacht, but none were pilots. All survived the war but one went missing after it ended. His name was Karl Drude and he sent a card home from just outside Berlin saying he'd be home in just a few days. He never arrived, was never heard from again and was the youngest of them all. Dad figured he was snatched up by the Russians and sent to his doom in one of their work camps. I named my first son after him, so now there's a 2nd. Karl Drude who also lives here in Boise, Idaho. The attached photo is a copy dad got from the German Military Archives years after the war ended. He's the one listed at the top as MIA. Unfortunately both sides of that page are missing. Go figure. In the far left side one can see the word Stavanger, which is in Norway and the location where his flight originated. Further to the right it lists his squadron and regiment and I don't know if any of those numbers denote his plane's number. Maybe you know more about it than I do. Have a good one,
Wolfgang Drude.

Email: Saturday, January 26, 2013 02:28 PM from Wolfgang Drude

Wow, that's quite the info you dug up there. There were times when dad actually wrote his name as Willi, but for the most part he used Willy. Both forms are abbreviations of the name Wilhelm. Karl was my dad's middle name and also the first name of his youngest brother. Unteroffizier (Uffz) would be correct. That's the collar tab with 3 wings. Dad couldn't achieve a higher rank because he didn't have the schooling to go with it. With all those boys in the family and growing up in the country, his parents couldn't afford to give them a higher education. What they became later on in life was pretty much determined by his father. He took their school report cards and their careers were picked by his dad relevant to how well they did in school. The same applied to the military. Dad was the smartest of them all, that's why he became a pilot. He mentioned that many applicants with a higher education flunked out of pilot's school whereas he passed. Later in the war those educational qualifications were set aside, they took anyone who could get a plane into the air.

I looked up Dyce airfield and found it to be in Scotland. That's a long way from Stavanger, Norway. Dad told me the mission started with his plane no starting due to mechanical issues. His commander told him to get his plane up an running and since dad knew where the mission was, he was supposed to catch up. The rest of his squadron took off without him. If what you found out is true, it was the perfect opportunity to split. Dad told me everyone knew the war was lost and they were now just being used for canon fodder. I wonder if any of those other pilots in his JG survived. When the opportunity arose several years after the war, we all migrated to Sydney Australia. Back then (1953), Australia was in dire need of trades people and would pay for the trip out there. You in turn had to stay there for a minimum of 5 years to pay them back by just being there. Dad jumped on that opportunity and was the only one of his brothers to migrate to a foreign country. It would be interesting to find out if POW Camp7 was in Scotland, because I recall dad mentioning the city or town of Liverpool. Again, if he defected, I'm surprised he was able to collect his military pension from Berlin for all those years once he retired. My mother still collects on that pension to this day and gets her monthly check from over there. She says it keeps going up since our dollar keeps losing value. Cheers,
Wolfgang

I'll see what I can do to scan those pics directly to the computer. I just got a new Epson WF-3540 printer and will have to read the booklet regarding scanning.

Actually you should probably need to write it up like this: Bf-109G-14, WNr.-463244, JG7./77 -Wilhelm Karl Drude (Willy Drude).

If you place the 7 directly to the right of the G, it insinuates that the plane itself is a 109G-7 when it's actually a 109G-14. It was dad's squadron that was 7./JG77. Those 3 photos were taken at an airfield in Eggersdorf, which is just SE of Berlin in November, 1944 and it was a month later that dad was transferred to Stavanger, Norway from where he flew his last mission.I don't have any pictures at all from Norway, but I do from Russia. I'll include 3 of them. Funerals were an all too common occurrence out there and dad kept ones of the actual graves to show relatives he knew back home that their sons weren't coming back. Again, once I scan those photos directly to the computer, I won't have those red dates showing up when I took photos of photos with my camera.
Hope this helps,
Wolfgang Drude.

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-6 7.JG77 Sktz GP+IZ Gunther Hannak WNr 18046 engine failure landed Malta 1943

Profiles and Photo Data: On 5 May 1943, Oblt. Gunther Hannak, the Staffelkapitan of 7./JG 27 took off from Biscari around midday with nine other aircraft from his Staffel to carry out a freiejagd and visual reconnaissance mission over Malta. At least one of the participating aircraft was fitted with a camera to photograph shipping in the various bays. Oblt. Hannak led the formation and was flying an aircraft belonging to another member of the Staffel as his own aircraft was unserviceable. This aircraft had only been flown to Biscari that morning and still carried the Stammkennzeichen GP+IZ.The formation flew roughly due south and made landfall approximately over Comino at about 22,000-24,000 feet. It was at this point that Hannak noticed that his cockpit was filling with smoke and that oil was splashing onto his windscreen. The aircraft continued crossing the island but, when over the sea, Hannak realised it was pointless to continue. He jettisoned his canopy, which also carried away his oxygen mask, and had a temporary blackout. When he regained consciousness, he had lost height to about 16,000 feet. He then cut his engine and circled over the sea but, when his engine failed to restart, he picked the largest aerodrome he could see and glided down with his wheels up. As he came in to land, he saw a small formation of Spitfires climbing below him, but they did not appear to have seen him and he made a successful crash-landing on Malta where he was taken prisoner unwounded. Apart from the EK 1 and EK 11, Hannak had been awarded the War Flight Badge in Gold with bar, had received the German Cross in Gold on 27 May 1942 while serving with l./JG77 and had been decorated with the Knight's Cross on 1 July 1942 for 41 confirmed victories, most of them fighters. He had been Staffelkapitan of 7./JG77 since 26 February 1943 and, up to the time he was shot down, claimed 49 victories, but the last eight had not been confirmed. The photograph shows Oblt. Hannak's Bf-109G-6 trop, W.Nr. 18046, after its emergency landing on Malta and after a salvage operation to remove the aircraft had begun. Just visible on the rear fuselage are the last two letters of the Stammkennzeichen.

8 Staffel III Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 77 - 8./JG77

Messerschmitt Bf 109G2 8./JG77 (B6+) Oblt. Eduard Isken's based at Gambut, Cyrenaico North Africa 1942

BELOW: 'Black 6' having its swastika painted out before' being replaced by RAAF markings.

ABOVE AND BELOW: 'Black 6' of 8./JG 77 was damaged on 4 November 1942 and made an emergency landing at Bir-d-Arca with the pilot, Lt. Heinz Ludemann, slightly wounded. Later moved to Gambut for repairs, the aircraft was abandoned when the airfield personnel withdrew and was captured there on 16 November by members of 3 Sqn. RAAF who repainted it and applied the squadron code CV-V

Bf 109 G.2 trop 'Black 6', flown by Lt. Heinz Ludemann of 8./JG77, November 1942 This aircraft, W.Nr. 10639, was finished in a standard 78/79 scheme with the spinner, fuselage band and wingtips in white. The black numeral on the fuselage was edged in white and the underside of the nose was painted yellow.

ABOVE: The same machine taking off, now repaired and with newly-painted roundels and the code letters of 3 Sqn. RAAF This aircraft was retained in the Middle East where it was employed in a number of comparative test flights until shipped to the UK, arriving at RAF Collyweston on 26 December 1943. Allocated the RAF serial RN228, it again took part in various comparative trials and, unlike many other German aircraft brought to the UK, this aircraft survived the immediate post-war period and was placed in storage. Despite various attempts to restore 'Black 6' to flying condition, it was not until 17 March 1991 that this was finally achieved. The intention then was that the aircraft should be flown at flying displays for a limited period and then placed on static display, but during its last public performance on 12 October 1997, the pilot experienced a suspected mechanical problem and elected to make a forced landing, during which the aircraft overshot the landing area and came to rest inverted in a ploughed field. It was subsequently restored, but not to flying condition, and is now on static display in the UK.

Profiles and Photo Data:
Warbird Bf 109G JG77 (B6+) 01-05

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-2 8./JG77 (B11+) Hans-Werner Renzow Germany 1942

9 Staffel III Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 77 - 9./JG77

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-6/Trop/R6 9./JG77 (Yellow 13+) Chilivani Sardinia 1943

Profiles and Photo Data: Flugzeug Classic Oct 2012

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-6/Trop/R6 9./JG77 (Yellow 2+) Gerhard Hanf Chilivani Sardinia 1943

Profiles and Photo Data: Flugzeug Classic Oct 2012

Messerschmitt Bf 109G6Trop 9.JG77 (Y16+) Wolfgang Ernst Chilivani Sardinia 1943

Flugzeug Classic Messerschmitt Bf 109 ISBN 978-3-86245-409-9

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-6/Trop 9./JG77 Yellow 16 Wolfgang Ernst Chilivani Sardinia 1943

Profiles and Photo Data: Flugzeug Classic Oct 2012

IV Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 77 - IV./JG77

11 Staffel IV Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 77 - 11./JG77

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-14 Blue(3++) of IV/JG77, late 1944

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-14 11.JG77 Blue(13+) Germany 1944

 
 IL-2 Sturmovik series 'Battle of Stalingrad' and 'Battle of Moscow' - BOS game skins
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Knights Cross

Heinz Bärr
Oskar Heinrich 'Heinz' or 'Pritzl' Bär

Units: 1/JG-51, Stafkpt 12/JG-51, Kdr IV/JG-51, Kdr I/JG-77, Kdr JGr-Süd, II/JG-1 (4/44), Kdr JG-3, III/EJG-2, EKdo 162, JV-44

Awards: RK(7/2/41)-S(2/16/42), DK-G (6/8/42), EP(6/8/42), EK 1 & 2, Fighter Operational Clasp w/Pendant

Known Aircraft: Bf 109E-4 WNr 3714 White 13 (crashed into Channel 9/2/40, pilot rescued), Bf 109F-2 WNr 6663 White 7 (4/41), Bf 109F-2 WNr 8318 Brown 1 (8/41), Bf 109F-4 WNr 7555 (5/42), Bf 109F-4 WNr13376 <<+ (Italy '42), Fw 190A-7 WNr 172689 'Red 23', Fw 190A-8/R2, Fw 190A-9 WNr 205241 (9/44), Me 262C-1 V186 w III/EJG-2, He 162

Remarks: 21 Bombers. His 200th victory was a B-24 Ser. # 41-29273 'Flak Magnet' of 458BG, 753BS, downed 22 April, 1944 (Abschussmeldung on file) at Hoetmar Germany, flown by 1/Lt Geo. N. Spaven Jr. (KIA). Germany's 9th ranked fighter Ace. 1000 combat missions. EL 8/14/41. History's first Jet Ace! 16 victories in the Me 262. 10 victories in the Desert, Kdr I/JG-77. He was shot down 18 times. His 100th victory, an I-16 Rata on 19 May, 1942, the same day he downed five; three additional I-16's and an R-5. His 200th victory, a B-24 in the Ahlen area on 22 April, 1944. One of his last victories, a P-47 in the Bad Aibling area on 28 April, 1945, and a Mosquito, next day, same area, serving in JV-44. Began as Fw in JG-51 in Bf 109E Werk # 3714 'White 13' & E # 6663 'White 7'. Also, Kdr I/JG-77 in May 1942. Served in JG-3 also. Fw 190A carried Werk # 172689 of II/JG-1. Also known to have flown Fw 190A-7 Werk # 431007 'Red 13' in II/JG-1. Flew an Me 262A-1a Wk#110559 'Red 13' also, in April, 1945. Often out of Göring's favor, he coined the phrase, 'In my crate, I'm the commander'. Killed in a light plane crash in Brunswick in 1957.

Oskar-Heinz (Heinrich) 'Pritzl' Bär (25 May 1913 – 28 April 1957) was a German Luftwaffe flying ace who served throughout World War II in Europe. A flying ace or fighter ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down five or more enemy aircraft during aerial combat.[1] Bär flew more than one thousand combat missions, and fought in all major German theatres of the war, including the Western, Eastern and Mediterranean fronts. On 18 occasions he survived being shot down, and he was credited with 220 aerial victories,[Notes 1][5] around 16 of which were in a jet fighter.

Bär, a Saxon with a strong accent, joined the Reichswehr in 1934 and transferred to the Luftwaffe in 1935. Serving first as a mechanic, then as a pilot on transport aircraft, he was informally trained as a fighter pilot. He claimed his first aerial victory in September 1939 on the French border. By the end of the Battle of Britain, his tally of victories had increased to 17. Transferred to the Eastern front to participate in Operation Barbarossa, he quickly accumulated further kills, a feat that earned him the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub and Schwertern) for 90 aerial victories in February 1942.

During the remainder of World War II, Bär was credited with 130 other aerial victories, including 16 while flying one of the first jet fighters, the Me 262, an achievement which would normally have earned him the coveted Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub, Schwertern und Brillanten).[4][6] However, Hermann Göring's personal dislike of Bär, coupled with Bär's insubordinate character and lack of military discipline, deprived him of this award.[7] After World War II, Bär continued his career as an aviator, he was killed in a flying accident on 28 April 1957 near Braunschweig.

Early life

Bär was born in Sommerfeld near Leipzig on 25 May 1913. His parents were farmers and Bär initially wanted to become a forester, for everything associated with wildlife and forests interested him. His first sight of a Junkers transport aircraft changed his mind and convinced him that he should become an aviator.[8] As a teenager, he became a glider pilot and had ambitions to become an airline pilot with Deutsche Luft Hansa.[9] He acquired the nickname Pritzl because of his affection for Pritzl candy bars.[10]

The Great Depression prevented Bär from gaining a civil pilot license. In 1934, he joined the Reichswehr and was assigned to the Kraftfahrabteilung 4 as a mechanic. He served in this position until the following year, when he was transferred to a combat unit of the Luftwaffe. A few months later, he was accepted for pilot training, receiving his transport aircraft pilot's license in 1937. He was transferred to I./Jagdgeschwader 135, the core of the future Jagdgeschwader 51 (JG 51), on 1 September 1938, usually flying the Junkers Ju 86.[Notes 2][9] The Squadron Leader (Staffelkapitän) Douglas Pitcairn noticed Bär's flying talents and tried to convince Bär to become a fighter pilot. Initially Bär refused, but after he illegally conducted some aerobatics in the Ju 86 leading to an engine failure, he reluctantly accepted and became a fighter pilot.[11][12]

World War II

Stationed on the border with France, Bär achieved his first victory—a Curtiss P-36 'Hawk'—on 25 September 1939 during the Phoney War air skirmishes with the Armée de l'Air (French air force), earning him the Iron Cross 2nd Class on 27 September 1939.[13] During the Battle of France, he is credited with two more aerial victories before adding a further ten during the Battle of Britain. During this time, he had several emergency landings with badly damaged planes and was shot down over the English Channel on 2 September 1940 by a Spitfire. Hermann Göring later questioned Bär about this aerial battle.[Notes 3] Bär was summoned to Göring and asked what he was thinking about while in the water. Bär immediately replied, 'Your speech, Herr Reichsmarschall that England is no longer an island![sic]', alluding to a speech that Göring had made before the German fighter pilots.[14] Incidents like this are testimony to his often blatant disregard for higher authority, a trait that would frequently land the young ace in trouble.[7] In the spring of 1941, he is credited with an additional four aerial victories against the Royal Air Force (RAF), bringing his total to 17.[14][16]

Eastern front

In June 1941, JG 51 was transferred East to take part in Operation Barbarossa. JG 51 at the time was part of the II. Fliegerkorps, operating in the central sector of the Eastern front. Bär claimed five aerial victories on 30 June 1941, bringing his total to 22.[17] On this day JG 51 was credited with 113 aerial victories in total, among them their 1,000th aerial victory—the first unit to reach this figure—and Colonel (Oberst) Werner Mölders, with 82 aerial victories, surpassed Manfred von Richthofen in number of victories.[18][19] Within two weeks of combat against the Soviet Air Force, Bär's tally rose to 27, which earned him the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) on 2 July, followed by his promotion to First Lieutenant (Oberleutnant) on 1 August 1941. On 14 August, he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub) for 60 victories, and on 30 August he became an 'ace in one day' by shooting down six Soviet aircraft. On 31 August, Bär was shot down some 50 kilometres (31 mi) behind Soviet lines, near Novgorod-Seversky. Bailing out, he suffered back injuries, but managed to walk back to German lines; his wounds necessitated a lengthy hospital treatment.[20]

Bär was promoted to Captain (Hauptmann) in the fall of 1941 and appointed Squadron Leader of 12./JG 51 in early 1942. His long time wingman at the time was Heinrich Hoffmann.[21] He received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern) on 16 February as his tally rose to 90. This achievement was mentioned in the daily Wehrmachtbericht (daily report by the High Command of the German Armed Forces regarding the military situation on all fronts) on 12 February 1942, his first of three references during the course of the war. On 11 May, Bär was transferred from IV./JG 51 on the Moscow front to take command of I. Gruppe of Gordon Gollob's Jagdgeschwader 77 (JG 77) flying wing; JG 77 was tasked with supporting the hard fighting over the Kerch straits on the Crimean peninsula. Led by the flying aces (Experten) Gollob and Bär, JG 77 took over the air space above Kerch-Taman as Gollob and Bär shot down two and three LaGG-3s respectively, raising Bär's victory total to 93.[22] Mutual animosity between the two men: Gollob, a disciplinarian pro-Nazi, and Bär, an anti-authoritarian, ensured an intense rivalry.[22] On 19 May 1942, Bär claimed five further aerial victories; his victory total now stood at 103. That same day, Inspector of Fighters (General der Jagdflieger) Adolf Galland arrived to inspect Bär's I./JG 77 and JG 77 surpassed 2,000 victories.[23][24] This flying achievement earned Bär a second mention in the daily Wehrmachtbericht on 20 May 1942.

Mediterranean theatre

In June 1942, JG 77 was moved to the Mediterranean theatre and took part in the air battles over Malta before relocating to Tunisia and participating in the North African Campaign. After Bär achieved his 149th aerial victory, General Hans-Jürgen von Arnim submitted him for the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub, Schwertern und Brillanten). Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring ignored this request, denying Bär the 'Diamonds'. The reason for this remains uncertain, but it is believed that Göring disliked Bär for his insubordinate character and strong Saxon dialect, which Göring was known to detest.[25]

'He was honest through and through. Whatever he told you was the truth. He never tried to cover things up as some pilots did.'[26]

Günther Rall, Chief of the Air Staff of the post-war Luftwaffe

Bär and his I. Gruppe of JG 77 operated from Fatnassa, Tunisia in early March 1943. On 1 March, Bär claimed a Spitfire shot down, then in the evening met Galland, who was making a surprise visit to I./JG 77. Galland was greeted by Major Joachim Müncheberg, who introduced Bär to Galland. Thus began a comradeship which outlasted World War II.[27]

Over North Africa and the Mediterranean theatre, Bär had increased his tally to 179, but, fighting a losing battle against ever-increasing Allied air superiority, Bär lost his fighting spirit, and suffered severe mental and physical exhaustion. After several arguments with JG 77's new Commander Colonel Johannes Steinhoff and Hermann Göring, in the summer of 1943 Bär was transferred to France 'for cowardice before the enemy' and demoted to Squadron Leader. He took over command of an operational training unit, Jagdgruppe Süd.[28][29]

Defense of the Reich

Major Heinrich Bär on 21 February 1944 inspecting his 184th aerial victory 'Miss Ouachita' a Boeing B-17F of 91st Bomb Group. Bär is wearing his favourite US leather flying jacket, his wingman Warrant Officer (Oberfeldwebel) Leo Schuhmacher is standing to his right.[30] His combat skills were hard to overlook and hence Bär was transferred to II./Jagdgeschwader 1 (JG 1) on 21 January 1944 as an ordinary pilot. He was assigned to 6./JG 1. Jagdgeschwader 1 (JG 1) Wing Commander (Geschwaderkommodore) Colonel Walter Oesau welcomed him with a reminder that he had promised Oberkommando der Luftwaffe (OKL) Göring that Bär would not be given any command responsibilities. Although Bär accepted this with humor, he later commented to others that in the air he was the 'Kommodore of his own crate'.[29][31]

On 15 March 1944, Bär, now a Major and rehabilitated from the demotion, was given command of II./Jagdgeschwader 1 (JG 1). This was after the death of Hauptmann Hermann Segatz on 8 March 1944. JG 1 was tasked with Reichsverteidigung (Defense of the Reich) and equipped with the Focke Wulf 190 A-7 fighter. Morale of the group soared following his appointment. He was considered the unofficial leader of the group and the best officer in the entire Geschwader.[32] This effectively completed his formal rehabilitation from the prior year's demotion. On 11 April 1944, Bär achieved his 199th aerial victory over a B-17 Flying Fortress near Fallersleben. His 200th aerial victory, a B-24 Liberator, was claimed on 22 April accompanied by his regular wingman Warrant Officer (Oberfeldwebel) Leo Schuhmacher, who would be awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 1 March 1945 as a fighter pilot in II./JG 1.[30][33]

Bär had just landed at Störmede airfield from a II./JG 1 intercept when a smoking United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) B-24 of the 458th Bombardment Group passed overhead. Bär and his wingman quickly got into their aircraft and intercepted the B-24. The bomber's gunners had already bailed out of the aircraft, making it an easy aerial victory.[34] Bär returned to Störmede airfield to the congratulations of his men. This double century victory would earn Bär his third and final reference in the Wehrmachtbericht on 24 April 1944. After Oesau's death on 11 May 1944, Bär was made acting Wing Commander of JG 1. In June, he was appointed Wing Commander of Jagdgeschwader 3 (JG 3) following the death of Friedrich-Karl Müller. By the end of 1944, Bär's score had risen to 203.[28][35]

Bär's 204th and 205th victories, against two Hawker Typhoons, were achieved on 1 January 1945 during Unternehmen Bodenplatte, a Luftwaffe mass attack against Allied airfields in the Benelux area. The operation resulted in hundreds of aircraft losses on both sides. Bär's JG 3 contributed by raiding Eindhoven in the Netherlands, shooting down about six RAF fighters and destroying many aircraft on the ground.[28][36] One of Bär's 'aerial kills', however, may not have been airborne. Historian Norman Franks states both aircraft, from No. 438 Squadron RAF, were taxiing when hit. Flight Lieutenant Pete Wilson was wounded and later died from his injuries after Bär's strafing attack. The second Typhoon did get airborne. Its pilot, Flight Officer Ross Keller was killed.[37] This version of events is contradicted. According to a witness, Pilot Officer 'Bill' Harle, both aircraft were airborne.[38]

Combat in the Me 262

In February, Bär was transferred to command the jet fighter training unit III./Ergänzungs-Jagdgeschwader 2 (EJG 2). In March, the unit was equipped with the Messerschmitt Me 262 fighter and sent into battle. Bär shot down 13 enemy aircraft, many of them heavy bombers like the B-17 and the B-24, bringing his score to 217. On 23 April, Bär transferred to the elite Jet Experten unit Jagdverband 44 (JV 44), led by Adolf Galland. On 26 April, he assumed command of the unit when Galland was wounded. Bär possibly flew his first operational sortie with JV 44 on 27 April 1945. Flying the Me 262 A-1/U5, a six MK 108 cannon prototype, he was accompanied by Major Wilhelm Herget and the non-commissioned officer NCO (Unteroffizier) Franz Köster when the trio engaged American fighters over Riem; Bär claimed one aerial victory.[39] While not flying operationally, Bär spent most of his time giving hasty instruction to the new pilots still being assigned to JV 44.[40]

With JV 44, he achieved his final four aerial victories (3 P-47s and 1 Mosquito) on 28 April,[41] bringing his total to 220. All told, he had achieved 16 victories in the Me 262, making him the second most successful Jet Expert of the war, which he finished as a Lieutenant Colonel (Oberstleutnant).[Notes 4][42][43]

During the final days of the Second World War in Europe, Lieutenant General (Generalleutnant) Adolf Galland attempted to surrender JV 44 to American forces from his hospital bed.[44] At the same time Air General (General der Flieger) Karl Koller had ordered JV 44 to relocate to Prague and continue fighting. Bär, as a Galland loyalist, attempted to ignore the order. Bär was further pressured to relocate JV 44 when Major General (Generalmajor) Dietrich Peltz, commander of IX. Fliegerkorps, and Colonel Hajo Herrmann, commander of 9. Flieger-Division (J), unexpectedly emerged at the control room in Maxglan on 2 May 1945. A heated and violent dispute erupted between Bär, Peltz and Herrmann, witnessed by Walter Krupinski. He later recalled that Bär responded with 'Yes, sir, but we are under the command of Generalleutnant Galland, and I will only follow orders of Generalleutnant Galland!'—a final act of disobedience that Krupinski believed could have gotten Bär shot for insubordination.[45]

In the early morning hours of 4 May 1945, Bär gathered the pilots of JV 44 for a final briefing. Bär ordered the remaining Me 262 destroyed before going into captivity and interrogation by US Intelligence officers of the 1st Tactical Air Force's Air Prisoner of War Interrogation Unit, based at Heidelberg.[46]

After the war

Bär did not return to his home in Sommerfeld after World War II. He settled in Braunschweig, where he continued his career in aviation, including a lead position for motor powered flight with the Deutscher Aero Club. He also worked as a consultant and test pilot in the field of sport aviation, testing aircraft before they went on the market. On 28 April 1957, while conducting a routine flight check in a light aircraft, a LF-1 Zaunkönig, Bär put the aircraft into a flat spin, the final manoeuvre in the test process. The aircraft spun down to 50 metres (160 ft) then, unable to regain control, Bär was killed in the resulting crash at Braunschweig-Waggum.[4][28][47]

Summary of career

Heinrich Bär, call sign 'Bussard 1', flew more than 1,000 combat missions. His 220 confirmed aerial victories place him eighth on the overall list of Experten.[Notes 1][Notes 5] His claim of 124 aerial victories over Western-flown aircraft is second only to Hans-Joachim Marseille's total of 158; almost all of the latter's victories occurred in Africa. He achieved four victories during the Battle of France, 13 during the Battle of Britain and 61 over Libya and Tunisia. On the Eastern front he had claimed 96 aerial victories. At least 75 of his victories had been claimed against British- and American-flown aircraft over Europe, 16 of these while flying the Me 262 jet fighter. Also among these 75 aerial victories are 21 US heavy bombers and one Mosquito. Bär crash-landed or bailed out 18 times and was wounded three times in combat.[4][28][48][49]

Awards

  • Wound Badge in Silver[50]
  • German Cross in Gold on 27 May 1942 as Captain in the I./JG 77[51][52]
  • Front Flying Clasp of the Luftwaffe in Gold with Pennant '1000'[16]
  • Combined Pilots-Observation Badge[16]
  • Honor Goblet of the Luftwaffe (1 June 1942)[50]
  • 'Africa' Cuffband[16]
  • Iron Cross (1939)
  • 2nd Class (29 September 1939)[53]
  • 1st Class (6 July 1940)[53]
  • Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords
  • Knight's Cross on 2 July 1941 as pilot and Second Lieutenant (Leutnant) in the 1./JG 51 after 27 aerial victories[50][54][Notes 6]
  • 31st Oak Leaves on 14 August 1941 as pilot and Second Lieutenant in the 1./JG 51 after 60 aerial victories[50][55][Notes 6]
  • 7th Swords on 16 February 1942 as Captain and Squadron Leader of the 1./JG 51 after 90 aerial victories[50][56][Notes 6]

Mentioned three times in the Wehrmachtbericht

Three times Heinz Bär was recommended for the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds. All three commendations were denied by Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring. Bär shot down a further 130 enemy aircraft after he had received the Swords.[57]

References in the Wehrmachtbericht Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation

Thursday, 12 February 1942 Hauptmann Baer, Staffelkapitän in einem Jagdgeschwader, errang seinen 89. und 90. Luftsieg.[58] Hauptmann Baer, squadron leader in a fighter wing, recorded his 89th and 90th aerial victory.

Wednesday, 20 May 1942 - Hauptmann Baer, Gruppenkommandeur in einem Jagdgeschwader, errang am gestrigen Tag seinen 99. bis 103. Luftsieg.[59] Hauptmann Baer, group commander in a fighter wing, recorded yesterday his 99th to 103rd aerial victory.

24 April 1944 - Major Baer, Gruppenkommandeur in einem Jagdgeschwader, errang im Kampf mit britisch-nordamerikanischen Flugzeugen seinen 200. Luftsiege.[60] Major Baer, group commander in a fighter wing, recorded in combat with British-North American aircraft his 200th aerial victory.

Dates of rank

  • 1 August 1940: Leutnant (Second Lieutenant)[50]
  • 1 August 1941: Oberleutnant (First Lieutenant)[50]
  • September/October 1941: Hauptmann (Captain)[50]
  • 1 March 1943: Major (Major)[50]
  • 1 January 1945: Oberstleutnant (Lieutenant Colonel)[50]

Asisbiz database list of 175 aerial victories for Heinz Bar

Date Name Unit A/c Type Height Time Comments
25-Sep-39 Heinz Bar 1./JG51 Hawk-75A   12.30 Weissenburg/Lauterburg
21-May-40 Heinz Bar 1./JG51 Hurricane   16.20 Samer
23-May-40 Heinz Bar 1./JG51 Hurricane   11.10 Bethune
18-Aug-40 Heinz Bar 1./JG51 Hurricane      
20-Aug-40 Heinz Bar 1./JG51 Spitfire   16.10  
24-Aug-40 Heinz Bar 1./JG51 Hurricane 1000m 14.13  
29-Aug-40 Heinz Bar 1./JG51 Spitfire   20.10  
02-Sep-40 Heinz Bar 1./JG51 Spitfire 2500m    
08-Sep-40 Heinz Bar 1./JG51 Spitfire   13.20  
09-Sep-40 Heinz Bar 1./JG51 Hurricane 6500m    
15-Sep-40 Heinz Bar 1./JG51 Spitfire      
08-Nov-40 Heinz Bar 1./JG51 Hurricane   12.18  
08-Nov-40 Heinz Bar 1./JG51 Hurricane 5000m 15.05 N Dungeness
16-Apr-41 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG51 Hurricane 6200m 18.25 15km ausflug Le Touquet
21-Apr-41 Heinz Bar 1./JG51 Hurricane 6500m 20.07 ausflug Ashford
06-May-41 Heinz Bar 1./JG51 Spitfire 200m 14.10 15-20km nordw Calais
11-May-41 Heinz Bar 1./JG51 Spitfire 50m 21.40 8km E Deal
22-Jul-41 Heinz Bar 12./JG51 I-15 Rata   10.50  
22-Jul-41 Heinz Bar 12./JG51 I-15 Rata   15.03  
23-Jul-41 Heinz Bar 12./JG51 Pe-2   13.02  
23-Jul-41 Heinz Bar 12./JG51 Pe-2   12.57  
23-Jul-41 Heinz Bar 12./JG51 R-3   13.10  
24-Jul-41 Heinz Bar 12./JG51 I-18   06.20  
26-Jul-41 Heinz Bar 12./JG51 R-3   04.25  
28-Nov-41 Heinz Bar 12./JG51 SB-3   13.40  
02-Dec-41 Heinz Bar 12./JG51 I-61   12.07  
02-Dec-41 Heinz Bar 12./JG51 I-18   08.45  
02-Dec-41 Heinz Bar 12./JG51 I-18   09.00  
02-Dec-41 Heinz Bar 12./JG51 Pe-2   10.15  
05-Dec-41 Heinz Bar 12./JG51 I-61   12.05  
07-Dec-41 Heinz Bar 12./JG51 Pe-2   11.30  
07-Dec-41 Heinz Bar 12./JG51 Pe-2   13.57  
16-May-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 LaGG-3   10.40  
16-May-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 LaGG-3   10.35  
17-May-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   13.35  
17-May-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 I-15 Rata   13.40  
17-May-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
  13.05  
18-May-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 LaGG-3   16.05  
18-May-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 LaGG-3   12.10  
19-May-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   16.50  
19-May-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   16.46  
19-May-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   16.45  
19-May-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   16.42  
19-May-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 R-5   09.42  
05-Jun-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 DB-3      
05-Jun-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 DB-3A   09.32  
13-Jun-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   12.35  
14-Jun-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   18.58  
14-Jun-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   19.00  
17-Jun-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 MBR-2   17.35  
19-Jun-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   04.17  
21-Jun-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   18.41  
21-Jun-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   18.35  
27-Jun-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   06.35  
27-Jun-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   06.43  
11-Oct-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 Spitfire      
13-Oct-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 Spitfire   08.14 10km N. Marsa Scirocco
13-Oct-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 Spitfire   07.58 N. Malta
14-Oct-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 Spitfire 5700m 17.59 Comiso based 30km NW St. Paul's bay
17-Oct-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 Spitfire   13.32 SE La Valetta
17-Oct-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 Spitfire      
02-Nov-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 Spitfire   14.50 Bir-el-Abd based
03-Nov-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   15.58 Bir-el-Abd based
03-Nov-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   12.10 Bir-el-Abd based
03-Nov-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   12.08 Bir-el-Abd based NW El Alamein
03-Nov-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   16.12 Bir-el-Abd based NW El Alamein
03-Nov-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk 3000m 12.10 SW El Alamein
03-Nov-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk 3000m 15.59 NW Quotaifiya
03-Nov-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk 3000m 15.55 Bir-el-Abd based NW El Alamein
05-Nov-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk 7000m 13.40 Gambut based
05-Nov-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 Spitfire   13.50 Gambut based
09-Nov-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   14.50 Bir-el-Arco based
10-Nov-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk 1700m 14.38 Bir-el-Arco based
10-Nov-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk 2500m 14.34 Bir-el-Arco based
11-Nov-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk 7000m 09.30 Bir-el-Arco based SE Gambut
11-Nov-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   09.38 Bir-el-Arco based SE Gambut
07-Dec-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk/Spitfire   14.50 Arco-Philaenorum base W. El Agheila
07-Dec-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk/Spitfire   14.52 Arco-Philaenorum base W. El Agheila
08-Dec-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   10.40 Arco-Philaenoroum base
08-Dec-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   10.55 -
10-Dec-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk 4500m 15.10 Arco-Philenorum base
10-Dec-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk 2800m 15.15 Arco-Philenorum base
11-Dec-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   15.32 E. Ras Umm er Garanigh
11-Dec-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   15.35  
14-Dec-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk 5500m 11.20 Arco-Philenorum based
14-Dec-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk 30-80m 11.25 W. El Agheila
14-Dec-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   11.21  
14-Jan-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 B-25 Mitchell 5000-6000m 10.43 Bir Dufan based
14-Jan-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk 5000-6000m 10.39 Bir Dufan based
14-Jan-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 B-25 Mitchell   10.44 Bir Dufan based
14-Jan-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 Spitfire 3700m 14.32 Bir Dufan based
14-Jan-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 Spitfire   14.37 Bir Dufan based
21-Jan-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-38 Lightning 200m 15.15  
21-Jan-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-38 Lightning 40m 15.15  
23-Jan-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk   11.40 Ben Gardane based
25-Jan-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk 2300m 12.38 Ben Gardane based
25-Jan-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk 2800m 12.35 Ben Gardane based
27-Jan-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk 50m 15.05 Ben Gardane based
27-Jan-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk   15.01 Ben Gardane based
27-Jan-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk 80m 14.48 Ben Gardane based
04-Feb-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 B-17 Fortress II   14.25  
04-Feb-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 B-17 Fortress II   14.20 Matmata based
15-Feb-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 Spitfire 1500m 07.46 Fatnassa based
15-Feb-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 Spitfire   07.45 Fatnassa based
26-Feb-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk 6500m 17.08 Fatnassa based
26-Feb-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk   14.05 Fatnassa based
26-Feb-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk 1000m 17.03 Fatnassa based
26-Feb-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk   14.15 Fatnassa based
26-Feb-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 Spitfire 4500m 10.55 Fatnassa based
27-Feb-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 Beaufighter 6200m 10.50 Fatnassa based
27-Feb-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   14.00 Time confliction
01-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 Spitfire   14.50 Fatnassa based
01-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 Spitfire   08.45 Time confliction
03-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 Spitfire      
03-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 Spitfire      
05-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 Spitfire   08.00 Type & Time confliction
05-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk   07.40 Fatnassa based
05-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk   07.45 Fatnassa based
06-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 Spitfire   07.58 Fatnassa based
06-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 Spitfire   13.23 Fatnassa based
07-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 Spitfire   13.25 Fatnassa based
07-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 Spitfire   14.45 Time confliction
10-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk   16.32 Fatnassa based
13-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk   12.27 Fatnassa based
23-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk 5800m 10.53 Fatnassa based
23-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-39 Aircobra      
24-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk 6000m 10.10 Fatnassa based
24-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk   10.12 Fatnassa based
25-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 A-20 Boston   12.09 Fatnassa based
26-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk     Date & E/A Type conflcition
16-Apr-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 Spitfire   15.50 Tunis/Soliman-Sud based
19-Apr-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 Spitfire      
29-Apr-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 Spitfire 4500m 15.25  
02-Dec-43 Heinz Bar Stab /JGr.Sud P-38 Lightning 6000m 13.09 SW St Marie-de-la-Mer
02-Dec-43 Heinz Bar Stab /JGr.Sud B-17 Fortress 5500m 13.06 SE St Marie-de-la-Mer
10-Feb-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 B-17 Fortress 7000m 11.13 FN (Zwolle-Meppen)
10-Feb-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 P-47 Thunderbolt 3000m 11.18 FO Zwolle-Coevorden
21-Feb-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 B-17 Fortress 6500m 13.58 12-14km W Hannover
21-Feb-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 P-51 Mustang 6000m 14.03 GT-58 (5km N Stadthagen)
21-Feb-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 B-17 Fortress   15.25 NNW Rheine
22-Feb-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 B-17 Fortress 2500m 14.18 05 Ost S/HO-1/4 North of Grevenbroich
22-Feb-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 B-17 Fortress   12.51 05 Ost S/KO nordestlich Bottrop
24-Feb-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 B-24 Liberator   12.34 05 Ost S/GS-9 East of Osnabruck
24-Feb-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 B-24 Liberator 8500m 12.30 05 Ost S/GR-8 (E Osnabruck)
25-Feb-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 B-24 Liberator   14.55 05 Ost S/UR-2/3 Raum Germersheim
25-Feb-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 B-17 Fortress e.V. 7500m 13.43 04 Ost N/AT-8/9 Raum Stuttgart
25-Feb-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 B-17 Fortress Hss 5000m 14.45 05 Ost S/US 1-5 (Heilbronn)
25-Feb-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 B-17 Fortress Hss 8500m 13.30 US-UT-AS-AT
03-Mar-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 P-51 Mustang Low Level 11.40 05 Ost S/EU 3-6 (SE Soltau)
06-Mar-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 B-17 Fortress   14.45 05 Ost S/GO/GN Raum Deventer
06-Mar-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 B-17 Fortress 6000m 12.10 FS-45 (W Diepholz)
06-Mar-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 B-17 Fortress 6000m 12.00 05 Ost S/FR-4 (S Dinklage)
29-Mar-44 Heinz Bar Stab II./JG1 P-51 Mustang 2500m 13.25 15 Ost S/HB-9 South Solingen
29-Mar-44 Heinz Bar Stab II./JG1 P-51 Mustang 500m 13.35 FB-9 (10km N Oebisfelde)
08-Apr-44 Heinz Bar Stab II./JG1 B-24 Liberator 7000m 13.50 05 Ost S/EB SW Salzwedel
11-Apr-44 Heinz Bar Stab II./JG1 B-17 Fortress   10.59 15 Ost S/FB-7 10km NE Fallersleben
22-Apr-44 Heinz Bar Stab II./JG1 B-24 Liberator 7000m 20.08 05 Ost S/JQ Ahlen area
29-Apr-44 Heinz Bar Stab II./JG1 P-47 Thunderbolt   10.56 05 Ost S/HB NW Halberstadt
29-Apr-44 Heinz Bar Stab II./JG1 B-24 Liberator 6500m 10.59 GB (area NE Braunschweig)
07-Aug-44 Heinz Bar Stab /JG3 P-47 Thunderbolt Low Level 14.40 CD-85 (Ymonville SE Chartres)
01-Jan-45 Heinz Bar StabJG3 Typhoon   09.25 Fl.Pl. Eindhoven
01-Jan-45 Heinz Bar StabJG3 Typhoon   09.23 Fl.Pl. Eindhoven
19-Mar-45 Heinz Bar Stab III./EJG2 P-51 Mustang   - -
21-Mar-45 Heinz Bar Stab III./EJG2 B-24 Liberator   - -
24-Mar-45 Heinz Bar Stab III./EJG2 B-25 Mitchell   - Stuttgart
24-Mar-45 Heinz Bar Stab III./EJG2 P-51 Mustang   - Stuttgart
27-Mar-45 Heinz Bar Stab III./EJG2 P-47 Thunderbolt   - Raum Lechfeld
27-Mar-45 Heinz Bar Stab III./EJG2 P-47 Thunderbolt   - Raum Lechfeld
27-Mar-45 Heinz Bar Stab III./EJG2 P-47 Thunderbolt   - Raum Lechfeld
04-Apr-45 Heinz Bar Stab III./EJG2 P-51 Mustang   - -
09-Apr-45 Heinz Bar Stab III./EJG2 B-26 Marauder   10.06 Raum Amberg-Kummersbruck
09-Apr-45 Heinz Bar Stab III./EJG2 B-26 Marauder   10.05 Raum Amberg-Kummersbruck
17-Apr-45 Heinz Bar Stab III./EJG2 B-26 Marauder   - -
18-Apr-45 Heinz Bar Stab III./EJG2 P-47 Thunderbolt   - Raum Nurnberg?
18-Apr-45 Heinz Bar Stab III./EJG2 P-47 Thunderbolt   - Raum Nurnberg?
19-Apr-45 Heinz Bar Stab III./EJG2 P-51 Mustang   - -
19-Apr-45 Heinz Bar Stab III./EJG2 P-51 Mustang   - -
27-Apr-45 Heinz Bar JV44 P-47 Thunderbolt   - -
27-Apr-45 Heinz Bar JV44 P-47 Thunderbolt   - -
28-Apr-45 Heinz Bar JV44 P-47 Thunderbolt   - Raum Bad Aibling
29-Apr-45 Heinz Bar JV44 Mosquito   - Raum Bad Aibling

Knights Cross

Heinz-Edgar Berres

Heinz-Edgar Berres was born on 10 January 1920 at Koblenz. On completion of his fighter pilot training, Berres was posted to 3.(J)/LG2 in the summer of 1941. On 29 November he claimed his first victory when he shot down Russian SB-3 bomber. The unit was redesignated 3./JG77 on 6 January 1942. In March 1942 he was transferred to 1./JG77. On 12 June 1942, Berres shot down a USAAF B-24 four-engine bomber over the Rumanian oilfields. In early July 1942, I./JG77 was relocated to the Mediterranean. During the summer, Leutnant Berres was to claim 11 RAF Spitfire fighters shot down over and around Malta to raise his victory total to 18. Berres was transferred to the Stabsstaffel of I./JG77 based in North Africa in October 1942. He was appointed Staffelkapitan of 1./JG77 on 13 March 1943.

Between November 1942 and March 1943, Oberleutnant Berres claimed 26 Allied aircraft shot down over Libya and Tunisia. In July 1943, he recorded eight victories over the Mediterranean and Sicily, including a four Allied fighters shot down on 2 July for his 45th through 49th victories and a USAAF B-17 four-engine bomber shot down on 5 July for his 51st victory. On 25 July 1943, Berres was escorting a formation of Ju 52 transport aircraft over the Straits of Messina. The formation was attacked, near Milazzo, by RAF Spitfires and Berres has been listed as missing in his BF109G-6 (W.Nr. 18101) (BF+QU) ever since. Berres was posthumously awarded the Ritterkreuz and promoted to the rank of Hauptmann on 19 September 1943.

Heinz-Edgar Berres was credited with 52 victories in 354 missions. He recorded at least six victories over the Eastern front. Included in his total are two four-engine bombers and 20 Spitfires.

No Date Time Enemy A/C Type Unit Location / Comments
1 29.11.1941 13:57 SB-3 3./LG 2 -
2 29.12.1941 10:20 I-15 3./LG 2 -
3 28.2.1942 12:05 I-16 3./JG 77 -
4 9.3.1942 10:05 R-5 3./JG 77 -
5 24.3.1942 13:45 I-16 1./JG 77 -
6 27.3.1942 6:40 I-61 1./JG 77 -
7 12.6.1942 5:28 B-24 1./JG 77 Ploesti?
8 8.7.1942 6:48 Spitfire 1./JG 77 Marsalforn Bay / Spitfire (BR 108) of 603 Sqn, RAF flown by F/L LV Sanders, ditched
9 9.7.1942 19:20 Spitfire 1./JG 77 Off Malta
10 18.7.1942 14:54 Spitfire 1./JG 77 N Valetta
11 22.7.1942 11:39 Spitfire 1./JG 77 E Valetta / Spitfire of 185 or 249 Sqn, RAF
12 23.7.1942 16:44 P-40 1./JG 77 NE Valetta
13 15.9.1942 18:10 Spitfire 1./JG 77 Malta / Spitfire (BP867) “E” of 249 Sqn, RAF flown by F/Sgt BC Peters, killed
14 25.9.1942 11:42 Spitfire 1./JG 77 50km NE Zonqor / Spitfire of 249 Sqn, RAF
15 6.10.1942 11:11 Spitfire 1./JG 77 Malta / Spitfire of 185 or 249 Sqn, RAF
16 13.10.1942 10:45 Spitfire 1./JG 77 Malta / Spitfire of 126 Sqn, RAF
17 14.10.1942 8:07 Spitfire 1./JG 77 NE Valetta / Spitfire (AB489) flown by F/Sgt CA Long, ditched, rescued
18 17.10.1942 13:33 Spitfire 1./JG 77 near Luqa / Spitfire (BP955) “A” of 229 Sqn, RAF flown by Sgt R Miller, killed
19 1.11.1942 7:17 P-40 Stab I./JG 77 Bir-el-Abd
20 3.11.1942 15:57 P-40 Stab I./JG 77 NW Quotaifiya
21 11.11.1942 9:31 P-40 Stab I./JG 77 Marble Arch
22 7.12.1942 15:40 Baltimore Stab I./JG 77 W El Haseiat
23 11.12.1942 15:35 P-40 Stab I./JG 77 E Ras Umm el Gavanigh
24 13.12.1942 12:50 Spitfire Stab I./JG 77 W Marble Arch
25 14.12.1942 11:22 P-40 Stab I./JG 77 W El Agheila
26 8.1.1943 13:07 Spitfire Stab I./JG 77 Bir Dufan
27 14.1.1943 10:45 B-25 Stab I./JG 77 -
28 4.2.1943 14:42 P-38 Stab I./JG 77 -
29 4.2.1943 14:42 P-38 Stab I./JG 77 -
30 8.2.1943 12:50 B-25 Stab I./JG 77 -
31 26.2.1943 14:02 P-40 Stab I./JG 77 -
32 26.2.1943 17:02 P-40 Stab I./JG 77 -
33 7.3.1943 14:44 Spitfire Stab I./JG 77 -
34 10.3.1943 16:34 P-40 Stab I./JG 77 -
35 17.3.1943 13:23 Spitfire Stab I./JG 77 -
36 18.3.1943 13:18 Spitfire Stab I./JG 77 -
37 24.3.1943 9:55 P-40 Stab I./JG 77 -
38 24.3.1943 9:58 B-25 Stab I./JG 77 -
39 24.3.1943 10:06 P-40 Stab I./JG 77 -
40 2.4.1943 11:50 P-40 1./JG 77 -
41 7.4.1943 8:07 Spitfire 1./JG 77 -
42 16.4.1943 15:48 Spitfire 1./JG 77 -
43 22.4.1943 17:38 Spitfire 1./JG 77 -
44 5.5.1943 16:46 P-40 1./JG 77 -
- 1.7.1943 - Spitfire w.b. 1./JG 77 -
45 2.7.1943 7:58 P-40 1./JG 77 -
46 2.7.1943 8:10 P-40 1./JG 77 -
47 2.7.1943 14:35 Spitfire 1./JG 77 -
48 2.7.1943 14:57 Spitfire 1./JG 77 -
49 3.7.1943 11:02 B-25 1./JG 77 -
50 4.7.1943 10:31 Boston 1./JG 77 -
51 5.7.1943 11:24 B-17 1./JG 77 -
52 24.7.1943 11:30 P-51 1./JG 77 5km S Cerraro

Victories : 52
Awards : Ehrenpokal (18 January 1943)
Deutsches Kreuz in Gold (16 February 1943)
Ritterkreuz (19 September 1943)
Units : LG2, JG77
http://www.luftwaffe.cz/berres.html

Asisbiz Database of 52 aerial victories for Heinz-Edgar Berres

Date Name Unit A/c Type Height Time Comments
08-Jan-42 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 Spitfire   13.07 Bir Dufan based
24-Mar-42 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 I-16 Rata   13.45  
12-Jun-42 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 B-24 Liberator   05.28  
08-Jul-42 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 Spitfire   06.48  
09-Jul-42 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 Spitfire 5200m 19.20 S. Jaida es Soda
18-Jul-42 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 Spitfire   14.54  
22-Jul-42 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 Spitfire   11.39  
23-Jul-42 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 P-40 Tomahawk   16.44  
23-Jul-42 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 Spitfire   16.44  
15-Sep-42 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 Spitfire   18.10  
15-Sep-42 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 Spitfire   18.10  
25-Sep-42 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 Spitfire   11.42  
26-Sep-42 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 Spitfire   11.42  
06-Oct-42 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 Spitfire   11.11 Comiso based
13-Oct-42 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 Spitfire   10.45  
14-Oct-42 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 Spitfire   08.07 Comiso based
17-Oct-42 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 Spitfire   08.07 Comiso based (Listed 1333)
17-Oct-42 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 Spitfire   13.33  
01-Nov-42 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   07.17 Bir-el-Abd based
03-Nov-42 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   15.57 Bir-el-Abd based
11-Nov-42 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   09.31 NE Bir-el-Arca
07-Dec-42 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 Baltimore   15.40 Arco-Philaenorum base
11-Dec-42 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   15.35  
13-Dec-42 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 Spitfire   12.50 Arco-Philaenoroum based
14-Dec-42 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   11.22 Arco-Philenorum based
08-Jan-43 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 Spitfire 5400m 13.07 Bir Dufan based
14-Jan-43 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 B-25 Mitchell   10.45 Bir Dufan based
04-Feb-43 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 P-38 Lightning   14.42 Matmata based
04-Feb-43 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 P-38 Lightning   14.42 Matmata based
08-Feb-43 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 B-25 Mitchell   12.50 Fatnassa based
26-Feb-43 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk   17.02 Fatnassa based
26-Feb-43 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk   14.02 Fatnassa based
07-Mar-43 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 Spitfire   14.44  
17-Mar-43 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 Spitfire   14.44 Fatnassa based
18-Mar-43 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 Spitfire   13.18 Fatnassa based
24-Mar-43 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 B-25 Mitchell   09.58  
24-Mar-43 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   09.55  
24-Mar-43 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk 2000m 10.06  
02-Apr-43 Heinz-Edgar Berres 3./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   11.50  
07-Apr-43 Heinz-Edgar Berres 3./JG77 Spitfire   08.07  
16-Apr-43 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 Spitfire   15.48  
22-Apr-43 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 Spitfire   17.38  
05-May-43 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   16.46  
01-Jul-43 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 Spitfire      
02-Jul-43 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 Spitfire   14.57  
02-Jul-43 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 Spitfire   14.35  
02-Jul-43 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 P-40E Warhawk   08.10  
02-Jul-43 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 P-40E Warhawk   07.58  
03-Jul-43 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 B-25 Mitchell   11.02  
04-Jul-43 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77     10.31  
05-Jul-43 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 B-17 Fortress   11.24  
24-Jul-43 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 P-51 Mustang 200m 11.30 5km S Ceraro

Knights-Cross

Gordon M. Gollob

During the Second World War, only nine jagdwaffe pilots were awarded the Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub, Schwerten und Brillanten, (1) one of Germany's most prestigious decorations: Generalleutnant Adolf Galland, Oberst Gordon M. Gollob, Oberst Hermann Gr.u, Hauptmann Erich Hartmann, Oberst Helmut Lent, Hauptmann Hans-Joachim Marseille, Oberst Werner Molders, Major Walter Nowotny and Major Heinz-Wolfgang Schnaufer. Yet in spite of an exceptional career, Oberst Gordon M. Gollob was not as well publicised by German propaganda and today remains far less well-known than many of his contemporaries.

Gordon Gollob was born on 16 June 1912, a time when the Austro-Hungarian empire was still intact. Both his parents came from Graz, his mother, nee Reininghau-Karajan, being related to the famous Karajan family of musicians. Travelling to various cities to paint and sell their work, they were staying in Vienna when their son was born and, to the surprise of many, the Gollobs gave him the names Gordon Mac in honour of a Scottish friend.

Gordon's father, Heinrich Gollob, did not live for long after the birth of his son and died in 1917. Gordon grew up in Graz and soon showed a talent for music, but although he could play the violin well, his dream was to fly and, in 1930, when he was still only 14 years of age, he statted to build his own glider. He soon became an expert at sports gliding at Graz and, although he quickly progressed to become an instructor, Gordon wanted to improve his experience. As a result of the Treaty of St. Germain-en-Laye,Austria was then an independent state with a small army and, in 1933, Gollob enlisted and joined an artillery unit of the 6sterreichische Bundesheer. Soon afterwards, he transferred to the flying branch of the Army and it was probably at that time that he abbreviated his middle name to the initial letter only and became simply Gordon M. Gollob. While the name 'Mac' was tolerated in the artistic circles of Vienna, it was perhaps less easily accepted by his army comrades.

Gordon M. Gollob began flying powered aircraft in 1934 and spent three years at the Wiener-Neustadt Th(!resianische Militiirakademie where he soon gained an excellent reputation as an officer and pilot and where he was awarded his A-2 flying certificate. On 1 October 1936 he became the leader of the Austrian Fighter Training Unit where he was responsible for all fighter training. In the 'Anschluss of March 1938, Austria was annexed to Germany and became part of the Third Reich; the Austrian Air Force was taken over by the German Air Force and on 1 July 1938, Gordon Gollob became an Oberleutnant in the Luftwaffe. When his training as a fighter pilot ended, he was posted in March 1939 to 3,/Zerstorergeschwader 76 equipped with the Bf-110 heavy fighter, or 'destroyer'.

Six months later, when his unit was hasedat Ohlau, Gollob took part in the invasion of Poland. Most of his missions were ground strafing operations, during which he destroyed several aircraft on the ground, but on 5 September 1939 he intercepted and shot down a Polish PZL-24 fighter the first of his numerous aerial victories. With the conclusion of the campaign, I./ZG76 was recalled to the Reich where its main task was to protect the German Bight. On 18 December, Gollob and his comrades took part to the famous 'Battle of the German Bight' during which a number of RAF Wellington bombers were destroyed. On that day Oblt. Gollob, took off from Jever leading a Schwarm from 3,/ZG76 reinforced with Bf109Es from 6./JG77. This mixed formation claimed six victories, but only three were confirmed, one claimed by Gollob remaining unconfirmed.

On 8 April 1940, after a quiet Winter, Gollob took over the 3,/ZG76 at that time based in Westerland.  The next day 'Operation Weserubung was launched and eight Bf-110s 3./ZG76 were ordered to attack the Norwegian airfield of Stavanger/Sola. However, due to poor weather, the Staffel was forced to break off its mission and two of the unit's Bf110s failed to return. After the country was captured, I./ZG76 transferred to Norway and was still there on 10 May when the pilots heard about the start of the Westfeldzug. On 13 June, aircraft from the Royal Navy's aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal carried out a gallant but futile bombing attack on the battle-cruiser Scharnhorst. Only one bomb hit the ship causing little damage, but of the 14 Fleet Air Arm aircraft involved in the mission, eight failed to return. One of these a Blackburn Skua, was shot down near Trondheim by Oblt. Gollob.

While on patrol off the Norwegian coast on 9 July, Gollob intercepted and shot down a four-engined Short Sunderland flying boat (2) and later took part in the disastrous raid on 15 August when Luftflotte 5 launched 134 aircraft from different airfields in Norway and Denmark to attack targets in north-east England. A total of 23 German aircraft was lost, including six Bf110s from ZG76. Nevertheless, Gollob was credited with shooting down a Spitfire but, with a seriously wounded gunner aboard, his aircraft was one of three which were badly damaged and Gollob barely succeeded in reaching the Norwegian coast.

At the beginning of September 1940, I./ZG76 left Norway and transferred to Deelen where the unit was  renamed II./NJG1 and its personnel were to be retrained as night-fighters. Simultaneously, however Oblt. Gollob requested a transfer and was soon posted to Stab II./JG3 based in France.

On 12 October 1940, Gollob took command of 4,fJG3 and saw action during the last missions of the year against England. Previously, he had proposed several modifications to the Bf 110, and again his constant interest in technical improvements resulted in several suggestions regarding the Bf 109. For example, at that time, the Luftwaffe was flying missions to England at high altitude and several instances were reported of armament stoppages. Oblt. Gollob decided to help find a solution to this problem, and after climbing to approximately 10,000 metres in his Bf 109, flew for several minutes at this altitude before diving vertically back to his airfield in order that technicians waiting on the ground could examine the guns without delay. This trial revealed that the stoppages were due to the oil in the guns crystallizing due to the cold at altitude.

Before leaving France, Gollob claimed his sixth victory, a Spitfire, on 7 May 1941, after which the unit moved eastwards to take part in 'Barbarossa'. It immediately became clear that Gollob would be very successful in this new theatre of operations and on 22 June he destroyed an 1-16 followed by two DB-3s on the 25th. But for Luftwaffe fighter pilots, conditions on the Eastern Front were far from easy and on 26 June, the Kommandeur of II./JG3, Hptm. Lothar Keller, was killed. The next day, Gollob was appointed his successor and almost simultaneously promoted to Hauptmann. On 2 July, the new Kommandeur was credited with three Luftsiege. A series of further victories followed, many of them being multiple kills achieved on the same day or during the same mission and, by the end of the month, he had been awarded the Ehrenpokal. (3)
 
On 21 August 1941 Gollob claimed five victories and, ten days later, shot down a TB-3 heavy bomber as his 36th victory. On 18 September Hptm. Gollob claimed his 42nd victory and for this and in recognition of his remarkable abilities as Kommandeur, he was awarded the Ritterkreuz. Still his list of victories increased and, as further evidence of his abilities, he was credited with nine victories achieved within seven and a half hours on 18 October, bringing his total to 70. On 24 October, Gollob shot down a Polikarpov fighter as his 85th victory, but two days later his Gruppe was ordered back to Germany to rest and refit. While there, Gollob was called to Hitler's Headquarters where the Fuhrer personally presented him with the Eichenlaub.

At almost the same time, however, Gollob learned that he had to hand over his Gruppe to Hptm. Karl-Heinz Krahl, formerly of JG2, and take up a new position at the Luftwaffe's Test Centre at Rechlin. Although probably an unwelcome transfer, at Rechlin, Gollob's attention to technical matters was appreciated and he is known, for example, to have written a detailed study in which he compared all the known advantages and disadvantages between the Bf109F-4 and FW190A-2. In spite of the qualities he showed at Rechlin, he wished to return to the front and succeeded in being transferred to Stab/JG54 where he was to learn the duties and responsibilities of a Kommodore. While with JG54, Gollob claimed three more Abschusse until, on 16 May 1942, he was appointed Kommodore of JG77 as successor to the well-known Gotthard Handrick.

Over the Crimea, Major Gordon M. Gollob was heavily involved in the fighting over Sevastopol and quickly gained the respect of his pilots. On 16 May he claimed three LaGG-3s and the next day shot down three R-5s and a LaGG-3. On the 20th, Gollob shot down a DB-3 as his 100th victory and, on 23 June, received the Schwerte although he was not the only great ace of his unit; on the 19th, the Konunandeur of I. Gruppe, Hptm. Heinz Bar, had already reached 103 victories after shooting down four I-16s in a single combat.

At the end of June, JG77 was dispersed when I./JG77 was sent to Sicily to operate against Malta and, at the same time, II.I.JG77 was sent to the Voronezh sector in Central Russia. Gollob therefore remained only in direct command of his III. Gruppe but events at the front were occurring quickly. On 22 July; Major Herbert lhlefeld, Kommodore of JG52, was seriously wounded while taking off from Taganrog in a Fi-156 and Gollob was therefore required to take temporary command of JG52 while at the same time remaining Kommodore of JG77.

In August 1942 Major Gollob claimed 40 more victories, further evidence - if any was needed - that he was not merely content with an administrative position but also wanted to continue playing his part in the fighting. Thus, on 29 August he claimed his I 50th victory; becoming the first pilot to reach such a figure. This, however, was to be his last, for the next day, as the third member of the Wehrmacht after Molders and Galland, he was awarded the Brillanten and, at the same time, was ordered to fly no more operational missions. On 30 September 1942, the Austrian officer was removed from the front, a departure which coincided with the removal of the rest ofJG77, this unit progressively transferring to the Mediterranean in order to replace JG27.

On 1 October 1942, Gordon M. Gollob was ordered to the Stab of Jagdfliegeifuhrer 3 where he became la, or Intelligence Officer, responsible for co-ordinating the fighter units on the Channel. He remained in this position until May 1944 when he joined the Staff of the General del' Jagdflieger. At that time, he became the father of a young son.

For Gollob, this was the beginning of a difficult period, due not only to the general situation of the war but, more particularly, to the fact that his relationship with Galland was not the best, perhaps due to Gollob's character which rarely allowed him to make concessions. Apparently, it was Gollob who was one of the first members of the Staff of the General del' Jagdflieger to recognise the potential of the Me 262 and pushed for its maximum development, especially in its use solely as a fighter. He also played an important role in the development of the Me 163 Kraftei, the Me 263 and the He 162, being one of the few senior officers who had personally test-flown these advanced but highly dangerous aircraft.

The tensions between Gollob and his immediate superior, together with the deterioration of the general situation, eventually led to Oberst Gollob being posted back to Rechlin. His final influence on events at the front in 1944 were connected with his work as co-ordinator of the Jagdgeschwader engaged in the Battle of the Bulge in December 1944 and the famous Operation Bodenplatte, launched on 1 January 1945.

On 31 January 1945, following General Galland's fall from grace and dismissal, Gollob was appointed his successor as General del' Jagdflieger. Although his rank was never higher than Oberst, Gollob would have held this position until the end of the war had he not had to undergo surgery on his throat. Thus, at the time of the final surrender on 8 May 1945, Gollob was in a Luftwaffe military hospital in Kitzbuhel, in his native Austria. Apart from replacing his uniform with civilian clothes, the former Oberst did nothing to avoid capture but lived quietly in Kitzbiihel which, at that time was in the French zone. Eventually, however, in view of his important position, the Allies made serious efforts to trace him and he was eventually captured by the US Army and detained for over a year, during which time he was frequently interrogated by senior Allied officials who wanted information on the Luftwaffe's tactics, equipment and advanced aeronautical projects.

Eventually freed, Gollob had to begin a new life in a civilian occupation, a difficult challenge for a man who had known only a military career. However, thanks to his personal abilities, he secured a position in a factory as an engineer and settled down to family life, eventually with three children. In 1947, he wrote several works on aviation and his experiences in the Luftwaffe, and was always proud of the fact that not only was JG77 the most successful unit with minimal losses, but that in all his missions, he 'never lost a single wingman and they nearly all later became great aces themselves with high awards.'

Gordon M. Gollob passed away on 7 September 1987 at the age of 75. In view of his achievements and prestigious career, it might be thought strange that this man has been neglected in the specialised post-war literature dealing with Second World War aviation but, as someone close to him explained to the author of this short biography, he was:
  '... a professional soldier in the traditional sense and a highly disciplined and strict man. He was very intelligent, and was excellent in whatever he did, but his attempts at near perfection led him to avoid fame and anything, such as womanizing, gambling or an excess of alcohol, etc, which might have brought him problems. His constant search for excellence led him into a detailed study of the use of air power as well as the purely technical aspects of aircraft.'

1. Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds.
2. Serial number N6133, aircraft code 'Y', of 201 Squadron.
3. The Ehrenpokal fur besondet'e Leistung im Luftkrieg, literally the Goblet of Honour for Distinguished
Achievements in the Air War, was awarded to pilots and aircrew who had been awarded the EK I but whose actions did not merit the German Cross in Gold or the Knight's Cross.

Other Sources

Gordon Gollob was born on 16 June 1912 at Wien in Austria. He joined the Austrian Bundesheer in 1933 as an officer cadet. In 1934 he completed his flying training. By 1936 he was an instructor and commanded the Schulstaffel A. With the German annexation of Austria in 1938, Gollob joined the Luftwaffe with the rank of Oberleutnant. On 15 March 1939, Gollob joined ZG76 flying Bf 110 Zerstörer twin-engined fighters. He was assigned to 3./ZG 76. He gained his initial victories over Poland and, later, during the Battle of the Heligoland Bight. Gollob was appointed Staffelkapitän of 3./ZG76 on 8 April 1940. He was successful during the invasion of Norway gaining two victories, including a RAF Sunderland four-engined flying boat. He gained a further victory, a RAF Spitfire fighter, during the Battle of Britain.

After undergoing night-fighter training and spending a short spell at the Erprobungsstelle Rechlin, Gollob was transferred to II./JG3 based on the Channel front on 7 September 1940. On 9 October, he was appointed Staffelkapitän of 4./JG3. He led the unit during the invasion of Russia. On 27 June 1941, Hauptmann Gollob was appointed Gruppenkommandeur of II./JG3. He claimed 18 victories in August. He was awarded the Ritterkreuz for 42 victories on 18 September. He achieved 37 victories in October, including nine Russian aircraft shot down covering operations over the Perekop Isthmus on 18 October. He followed up this feat by shooting down six enemy aircraft in the same area on 22 October. He was awarded the Eichenlaub (Nr 38) on 26 October for 85 victories. He was to lead II./JG3 until 20 November. In December 1941, Gollob was removed from operations and transferred on a temporary assignment to Erprobungstelle Rechlin to assist in the further development of the Bf 109, for which he suggested many innovative improvements. Following a brief attachment to the Stabsschwarm of JG54 from 13 March 1942, Major Gollob returned to southern Russia as Kommodore of JG77 on 16 May. He achieved his 100th victory on 20 May. He was awarded the Schwertern (Nr 13) on 23 June after 107 victories. He became the Jagdwaffe's highest scoring fighter pilot in August when he recorded his 150th victory. He was awarded and received the Brillanten (Nr 3) from Adolf Hitler personally on 29 August. He recorded 40 victories during August. On 1 October 1942, Gollob was transferred to the Stab of Jagdfliegerführer 3 on the Channel front. On 15 October, he was appointed Jagdführer 5 at Deauville in France, being responsible for the tactical fighter command of northwestern France. In April 1944, he was transferred to the personal staff of the General der Jagdflieger to represent him on the Jägerstab regarding development of jet aircraft projects. But here he fell out with Adolf Galland (104 victories, RK-Br) and was transferred to the Kommando der Eprobungstellen. In November, Oberst Gollob was appointed leader of the Jäger-Sonderstab for the Ardennes offensive. His final wartime appointment came when Adolf Galland was removed as General der Jadgflieger and Gollob was appointed in his place in January 1945. Gollob died on 7 September 1987 at Sulingen.

Gordon Gollob was credited with 150 victories achieved in 340 missions. He recorded 144 victories over the Eastern front.

No Date Time Enemy A/C Type Unit Location / Comments
1. 5.9.1939   PWS 56 3./ZG76  
2. 18.12.1939 14:45 Wellington 3./ZG76 NW Langeoog / not confirmed
3. 13.6.1940 2:00 Skua 3./ZG76 Trondleimsfjorden
4. 9.7.1940 14:47 Sunderland 3./ZG76 140km SW Sumburgh / Sunderland (N6133) "Y" of 201 Sqn RAF flown by F/L JD Middleton
5. 9.7.1940 17:20 Hudson 3./ZG76 North Sea / Hudson (N7377) of 233 Sqn RAF flown by P/O LJE Ewing
6. 7.5.1941 11:25 Spitfire 4./JG3  
7. 22.6.1941 7:00 I-16 4./JG3 25km NW Lemberg, 500m
8. 25.6.1941 9:00 DB-3 4./JG3  
9. 25.6.1941 9:10 DB-3 4./JG3  
10. 1.7.1941 19:42 Pe-2 Stab II./JG3  
11. 2.7.1941 5:42 ZKB-19 Stab II./JG3  
12. 2.7.1941 11:30 Il-2 Stab II./JG3  
13. 2.7.1941 11:43 Il-2 Stab II./JG3  
14. 13.7.1941 6:30 I-153 Stab II./JG3  
15. 16.7.1941 11:42 DB-3 Stab II./JG3  
16. 16.7.1941 11:44 SB-2 Stab II./JG3  
17. 23.7.1941 16:35 R-5 Stab II./JG3  
18. 25.7.1941   DB-3 Stab II./JG3  
19. 5.8.1941 17:46 I-153 Stab II./JG3  
20. 5.8.1941 18:22 I-17 Stab II./JG3  
21. 8.8.1941 13:17 DB-3 Stab II./JG3  
22. 8.8.1941 13:32 DB-3 Stab II./JG3  
23. 9.8.1941 10:55 DB-3 Stab II./JG3  
24. 11.8.1941 18:45 Bomber Stab II./JG3  
25. 12.8.1941 7:20 I-17 Stab II./JG3  
26. 12.8.1941 7:25 SB-3 Stab II./JG3  
27. 20.8.1941 17:45 I-16 Stab II./JG3  
28. 20.8.1941 17:47 DB-3 Stab II./JG3  
29. 21.8.1941 9:10 I-26 Stab II./JG3  
30. 21.8.1941 11:06 R-5 Stab II./JG3  
31. 21.8.1941 11:09 R-5 Stab II./JG3  
32. 21.8.1941 12:00 DB-3 Stab II./JG3  
33. 21.8.1941 17:05 I-26 Stab II./JG3  
34. 22.8.1941 6:10 I-17 Stab II./JG3  
35. 24.8.1941 9:00 I-180 Stab II./JG3  
36. 31.8.1941 9:08 TB-3 Stab II./JG3 Kremenchug / TB-3 of 14 TBAP, VVS
37. 8.9.1941 15:43 I-26 Stab II./JG3  
38. 9.9.1941 16:50 Il-2 Stab II./JG3  
39. 12.9.1941 15:52 Il-2 Stab II./JG3  
40. 12.9.1941 17:15 I-26 Stab II./JG3  
41. 13.9.1941 17:19 Il-2 Stab II./JG3  
42. 14.9.1941 5:47 I-153 Stab II./JG3 Near Mironovka
43. 19.9.1941 13:55 R-5 Stab II./JG3  
44. 28.9.1941 12:20 Pe-2 Stab II./JG3  
45. 28.9.1941 12:21 Pe-2 Stab II./JG3  
46. 28.9.1941 14:46 Pe-2 Stab II./JG3  
47. 28.9.1941   MiG-3 Stab II./JG3  
48. 28.9.1941   MiG-3 Stab II./JG3  
49. 4.10.1941 10:20 Il-2 Stab II./JG3  
50. 5.10.1941 12:25 MiG-3 Stab II./JG3  
51. 5.10.1941 12:26 MiG-3 Stab II./JG3  
52. 6.10.1941 10:15 Pe-2 Stab II./JG3 near Orel / Pe-2 of 173 BAP, VVS
53. 6.10.1941 12:15 Pe-2 Stab II./JG3 near Orel / Pe-2 of 173 BAP, VVS
54. 7.10.1941 9:40 Pe-2 Stab II./JG3  
55. 7.10.1941 12:40 Pe-2 Stab II./JG3  
56. 7.10.1941   Il-2 Stab II./JG3  
57. 10.10.1941 12:40 MiG-3 Stab II./JG3  
58. 10.10.1941 12:43 MiG-3 Stab II./JG3  
59. 17.10.1941 9:04 MiG-3 Stab II./JG3  
60. 17.10.1941 9:15 I-16 Stab II./JG3  
61. 17.10.1941 16:05 MiG-3 Stab II./JG3  
62. 18.10.1941 7:18 MiG-3 Stab II./JG3  
63. 18.10.1941 7:20 MiG-3 Stab II./JG3  
64. 18.10.1941 10:05 MiG-3 Stab II./JG3  
65. 18.10.1941 10:07 MiG-3 Stab II./JG3  
66. 18.10.1941 10:19 MiG-3 Stab II./JG3  
67. 18.10.1941 10:20 MiG-3 Stab II./JG3  
68. 18.10.1941 10:29 MiG-3 Stab II./JG3  
69. 18.10.1941 14:46 MiG-3 Stab II./JG3  
70. 18.10.1941 14:48 MiG-3 Stab II./JG3  
71. 19.10.1941 8:55 MiG-3 Stab II./JG3  
72. 19.10.1941 12:36 Pe-2 Stab II./JG3  
73. 19.10.1941 12:37 Pe-2 Stab II./JG3  
74. 19.10.1941 12:42 Pe-2 Stab II./JG3  
75. 19.10.1941 15:35 MiG-3 Stab II./JG3  
76. 20.10.1941 11:07 MiG-3 Stab II./JG3  
77. 22.10.1941 6:55 I-16 Stab II./JG3  
78. 22.10.1941 7:20 Pe-2 Stab II./JG3  
79. 22.10.1941 10:21 I-16 Stab II./JG3  
80. 22.10.1941 10:22 I-16 Stab II./JG3  
81. 22.10.1941   MiG-3 Stab II./JG3  
82. 23.10.1941 10:55 MiG-3 Stab II./JG3  
83. 23.10.1941 10:58 MiG-3 Stab II./JG3  
84. 23.10.1941 11:40 MiG-3 Stab II./JG3  
85. 24.10.1941 13:50 I-153 Stab II./JG3  
86. ?   E/a Stab JG54 ?  
87. 16.5.1942   LaGG-3 Stab JG77  
88. 16.5.1942   LaGG-3 Stab JG77  
89. 16.5.1942   LaGG-3 Stab JG77  
90. 17.5.1942   R-5 Stab JG77  
91. 17.5.1942   R-5 Stab JG77  
92. 17.5.1942   R-5 Stab JG77  
93. 17.5.1942   LaGG-3 Stab JG77  
94. 18.5.1942   R-5 Stab JG77  
95. 18.5.1942   R-5 Stab JG77  
96. 18.5.1942   R-5 Stab JG77  
97. 19.5.1942   R-5 Stab JG77  
98. 19.5.1942   R-5 Stab JG77  
99. 19.5.1942   R-5 Stab JG77  
100. 20.5.1942   Il-2 Stab JG77  
101. 20.5.1942   LaGG-3 Stab JG77  
102. 7.6.1942   LaGG-3 Stab JG77  
103. 9.6.1942   I-153 Stab JG77  
104. 18.6.1942   Il-2 Stab JG77  
105. 18.6.1942   LaGG-3 Stab JG77  
106. 21.6.1942   LaGG-3 Stab JG77  
107. 21.6.1942   LaGG-3 Stab JG77  
108. 26.7.1942   I-16 Stab JG77  
109. 27.7.1942   I-153 Stab JG77  
110. 27.7.1942   I-153 Stab JG77  
111. 4.8.1942   Yak-1 Stab JG77  
112. 6.8.1942   Il-2 Stab JG77  
113. 6.8.1942   Yak-1 Stab JG77  
114. 6.8.1942   Il-2 Stab JG77  
115. 6.8.1942   R-5 Stab JG77  
116. 7.8.1942   Yak-1 Stab JG77  
117. 8.8.1942   Yak-1 Stab JG77  
118. 14.8.1942   Boston Stab JG77  
119. 14.8.1942   LaGG-3 Stab JG77  
120. 14.8.1942   LaGG-3 Stab JG77  
121. 16.8.1942   LaGG-3 Stab JG77  
122. 16.8.1942   LaGG-3 Stab JG77  
123. 16.8.1942   Il-2 Stab JG77  
124. 16.8.1942   I-16 Stab JG77  
125. 16.8.1942   I-16 Stab JG77  
126. 17.8.1942   LaGG-3 Stab JG77  
127. 17.8.1942   LaGG-3 Stab JG77  
128. 18.8.1942   I-16 Stab JG77  
129. 18.8.1942   I-16 Stab JG77  
130. 18.8.1942   I-16 Stab JG77  
131. 19.8.1942   Il-2 Stab JG77  
132. 19.8.1942   Il-2 Stab JG77  
133. 19.8.1942   I-153 Stab JG77  
134. 20.8.1942   I-16 Stab JG77  
135. 20.8.1942   I-153 Stab JG77  
136. 20.8.1942   I-153 Stab JG77  
137. 22.8.1942   Boston Stab JG77  
138. 22.8.1942   Boston Stab JG77  
139. 24.8.1942   LaGG-3 Stab JG77  
140. 24.8.1942   LaGG-3 Stab JG77  
141. 24.8.1942   LaGG-3 Stab JG77  
142. 24.8.1942   Boston Stab JG77  
143. 25.8.1942   Boston Stab JG77  
144. 26.8.1942   Pe-2 Stab JG77  
145. 27.8.1942   I-16 Stab JG77  
146. 28.8.1942   Boston Stab JG77  
147. 29.8.1942   LaGG-3 Stab JG77  
148. 29.8.1942   LaGG-3 Stab JG77  
149. 29.8.1942   LaGG-3 Stab JG77  
150. 29.8.1942   Pe-2 Stab JG77  

Victories : 150
Awards : Knight`s Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Brillianten
Units : ZG76, JG3, JG54, JG77
http://www.luftwaffe.cz/gollob.html

Gordon Gollob

Asisbiz Database of 160 aerial victories for Gordon Gollob

Date Name Unit A/c Type Height Time Comments
09-May-39 Gordon Gollob 3-/ZG 76 PWS 56      
02-Sep-39 Gordon Gollob I.ZG76 PZL P-24 7200m 16.00-17.00 Raum Lodz?
05-Sep-39 Gordon Gollob I.ZG76 Tiefdecker 5500m 10.33 Deblin
18-Dec-39 Gordon Gollob 3./ZG76 Wellington   14.45 N Langeoog
13-Jun-40 Gordon Gollob 3./ZG76 Skua   02.00 Trondheim
09-Jul-40 Gordon Gollob 3.ZG76 Sunderland 7000m 14.47 90mi SW Sumburgh
09-Jul-40 Gordon Gollob 3.ZG76 Hudson 7000m 17.20  
07-Sep-40 Gordon Gollob 3-/ZG 76 Sunderland   2:47 140km SW Sumburgh / Sunderland (N6133) "Y" of 201Sqn RAF flown by F/L JD Middleton
07-Sep-40 Gordon Gollob 3-/ZG 76 Hudson   5:20 North Sea / Hudson (N7377) of 233Sqn RAF flown by P/O LJE Ewing
07-Jan-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 Pe-2   7:42  
07-Feb-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 Il-2   11:30  
07-Feb-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 ZKB-19   5:42  
07-Feb-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 Il-2   11:43  
10-Apr-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 Il-2   10:20  
07-May-41 Gordon Gollob 4./JG3 Spitfire   11.25  
08-May-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 I-17   6:22  
08-May-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 I-153   5:46  
10-May-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 MiG-3   12:25  
10-May-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 MiG-3   12:26  
10-Jun-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 Pe-2   12:15 near Orel / Pe-2 of 173 BAP, VVS
10-Jun-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 Pe-2   10:15 near Orel / Pe-2 of 173 BAP, VVS
22-Jun-41 Gordon Gollob 4./JG3 I-16 Rata   07.00  
22-Jun-41 Gordon Gollob 4./JG3 Rata 500m 07.00 25km NW Lemberg
22-Jun-41 Gordon Gollob 4-/JG3 I-16   7:00 25km NW Lemberg, 500m
25-Jun-41 Gordon Gollob 4-/JG3 DB-3   9:00  
25-Jun-41 Gordon Gollob 4-/JG3 DB-3   9:10  
05-Jul-41 Gordon Gollob 4-/JG3 Spitfire   11:25  
10-Jul-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 Pe-2   9:40  
10-Jul-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 Il-2      
10-Jul-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 Pe-2   12:40  
13-Jul-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 I-153   6:30  
16-Jul-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 DB-3   11:42  
16-Jul-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 SB-2   11:44  
23-Jul-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 R-5   4:35  
25-Jul-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 DB-3      
08-Aug-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 DB-3   1:17  
08-Aug-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 DB-3   1:32  
09-Aug-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 I-26   3:43  
20-Aug-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 DB-3   5:47  
20-Aug-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 I-16   5:45  
21-Aug-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 R-5   11:06  
21-Aug-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 R-5   11:09  
21-Aug-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 DB-3   12:00  
21-Aug-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 I-26   9:10  
21-Aug-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 I-26   5:05  
22-Aug-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 I-17   6:10  
24-Aug-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 I-180   9:00  
31-Aug-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 TB-3   9:08 Kremenchug / TB-3 of 14 TBAP, VVS
08-Sep-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 DB-3   10:55  
09-Sep-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 Il-2   4:50  
13-Sep-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 Il-2   5:19  
14-Sep-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 I-153   5:47 Near Mironovka
19-Sep-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 R-5   1:55  
28-Sep-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 Pe-2   12:21  
28-Sep-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 Pe-2   2:46  
28-Sep-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 MiG-3      
28-Sep-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 MiG-3      
28-Sep-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 Pe-2   12:20  
10-Oct-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 MiG-3   12:40  
10-Oct-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 MiG-3   12:43  
17-Oct-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 MiG-3   9:04  
17-Oct-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 I-16   9:15  
17-Oct-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 MiG-3   4:05  
18-Oct-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 MiG-3   2:46  
18-Oct-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 MiG-3   7:18  
18-Oct-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 MiG-3   7:20  
18-Oct-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 MiG-3   10:05  
18-Oct-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 MiG-3   10:07  
18-Oct-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 MiG-3   10:19  
18-Oct-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 MiG-3   2:48  
18-Oct-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 MiG-3   10:29  
18-Oct-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 MiG-3   10:20  
19-Oct-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 Pe-2   12:42  
19-Oct-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 Pe-2   12:37  
19-Oct-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 Pe-2   12:36  
19-Oct-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 MiG-3   8:55  
19-Oct-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 MiG-3   3:35  
20-Oct-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 MiG-3   11:07  
22-Oct-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 I-16   6:55  
22-Oct-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 Pe-2   7:20  
22-Oct-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 I-16   10:21  
22-Oct-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 I-16   10:22  
22-Oct-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 MiG-3      
23-Oct-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 MiG-3   10:55  
23-Oct-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 MiG-3   10:58  
23-Oct-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 MiG-3   11:40  
24-Oct-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 I-153   1:50  
08-Nov-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 Bomber   6:45  
08-Dec-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 SB-3   7:25  
08-Dec-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 I-17   7:20  
09-Dec-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 Il-2   3:52  
09-Dec-41 Gordon Gollob Stab II./JG3 I-26   5:15  
08-Apr-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 Yak-1      
16-May-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 LaGG-3      
16-May-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 LaGG-3      
16-May-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 LaGG-3      
17-May-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 R-5      
17-May-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 LaGG-3      
17-May-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 R-5      
17-May-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 R-5      
18-May-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 R-5      
18-May-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 R-5      
18-May-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 R-5      
19-May-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 R-5      
19-May-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 R-5      
19-May-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 R-5      
20-May-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 Il-2      
20-May-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 LaGG-3      
07-Jun-42 Gordon Gollob Stab /JG77 LaGG-3      
08-Jun-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 R-5      
08-Jun-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 Il-2      
08-Jun-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 Yak-1      
08-Jun-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 Il-2      
09-Jun-42 Gordon Gollob Stab /JG77 I-153      
18-Jun-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 LaGG-3      
18-Jun-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 Il-2      
18-Jun-42 Gordon Gollob Stab /JG77 B-2      
18-Jun-42 Gordon Gollob Stab /JG77 B-2      
21-Jun-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 LaGG-3      
21-Jun-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 LaGG-3      
06-Jul-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 LaGG-3      
08-Jul-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 Yak-1      
26-Jul-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 I-16      
27-Jul-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 I-153      
27-Jul-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 I-153      
08-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 Yak-1      
14-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 LaGG-3      
14-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 LaGG-3      
14-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 Boston      
16-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 LaGG-3      
16-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 Il-2      
16-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 I-16      
16-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 I-16      
16-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 LaGG-3      
17-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 LaGG-3      
17-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 LaGG-3      
18-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 I-16      
18-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 I-16      
18-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 I-16      
19-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 I-153      
19-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 Il-2      
19-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 Il-2      
20-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 I-153      
20-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 I-153      
20-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 I-16      
22-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 Boston      
22-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 Boston      
24-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 LaGG-3      
24-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 LaGG-3      
24-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 LaGG-3      
24-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 Boston      
25-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 Boston      
26-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 Pe-2      
27-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 I-16      
28-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 Boston      
29-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 Pe-2      
29-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 LaGG-3      
29-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 LaGG-3      
29-Aug-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 LaGG-3      
06-Sep-42 Gordon Gollob Stab JG77 I-153      

Knights Cross

Johannes 'Macki' Steinhoff

Units: 10(N)./JG-2, Stfkpt 10 & 4 JG-26, Kdr II./JG-52(5/42), Kdr JG-77(11/44), Kdr JG-7(12/44), JV-44(3/45)

Awards: RK(8/30/41)-S(7/28/44), EP(8/18/41), EK 1 & 2, Fighter Operational Clasp w/Pendant

Known Aircraft: Bf 109D-1 WNr 630 'White N+7' in 10/(N)JG-26 12/39, Bf 109F-4 WNr 13144 '<<+' ('42), Bf 109G-2 '<<+-', Bf 109G-3, Me 262A-1a

Remarks: EL awarded 2 September, 1942. 900 missions. 4 Bombers. 148 victories were in the East. His first known Soviet victory, a MiG-1 at Boroditschnoye' on 17 May, 1942. Five LaGG-3's on 30 August, 1942. Among many of his multiple victories, Three Yak-1's and a P-40 on 30 November, 1942. Two Il-2's and a LaGG-5 on 14 January, 1943. Two victories in JG-26. 6 victories were in the Me 262, while serving in JG-7. In JV-44, he flew Me 262A Werk # 111740 'White 6'. In JG-52 in June 1940, he flew a Bf 109 'White 1'. His 1st victory, two Wellingtons 35 km south southwest of Helgoland, 18 December, 1939. Nos 3 & 4, a Blenheim at Den Haag, another at Düsseldorf, 10 May, 1940. EL 9/2/42. Among his last victories, in March, 1945, he downed an Il-2 and two other Russian fighters near the Oder. A B-24 in the Stuttgart area on 8 April, 1945. Most likely his last victory, a B-17 over Munich on 17 April, 1945, the day before his tragic crash and disfigurement. Steinhoff was severly injured and burned 18 April 1945 while taking off in an Me 262. Ended the war in a hospital. Flugbuch (11/44 to 4/45). Deceased 21 February, 1994. Photo

Me109G-2 'Black Double Chevron' of Stab II./JG52. This plane was flown by Gruppenkommandeur Hauptmann Johannes 'Macki' Steinhoff (176 victories, Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords) from Tuzov, a frontline airfield near the Don Bend in Southern Russia in late August and early September 1942.

Steinhoff later commanded JG77 in the Mediterranean, rose to command the Me-262 equipped JG7 and was also participated in the 'fighter pilot's revolt' against Goring in 1945. After being relieved of his post as Geschwaderkommodore he went to Galland's JV44 and was badly wounded in a take-off accident on April 16 1945 which left him badly disfigured for the rest of his life.

Steinhoff joined the post-war Bundesluftwaffe and rose through its ranks, eventually leading the NATO council for several years. He was awarded the German Great Cross of Merit, the US Legion of Honor and the Commander's Cross of the French Legion d'Honneur for his services to Western Germany and the NATO. Steinhoff passed away in 1994. Today the German Jagdgeschwader 73 is carrying the traditional name 'Steinhoff'.

Asisbiz database list of 176 aerial victories for Johannes Steinhoff

Date Name Unit A/c Type Height Time Comments
18-Dec-39 Johannes Steinhoff 10.(N)/JG26 Wellington   14.30 25-35km SSW Helgoland
18-Dec-39 Johannes Steinhoff 10.(N)/JG26 Wellington   14.35 25-35km SSW Helgoland
10-May-40 Johannes Steinhoff 11.(N)/JG26 Blenheim     Dusseldorf
10-May-40 Johannes Steinhoff 11.(N)/JG26 Blenheim     Den Haag
30-Sep-40 Johannes Steinhoff 4./JG52 Spitfire   13.45 Dorking
14-Feb-41 Johannes Steinhoff 4./JG52 Spitfire     30km N Dungeness
25-Feb-44 Johannes Steinhoff Stab /JG77 B-17 Fortress Hss      
10-May-44 Johannes Steinhoff Stab /JG77 P-38 Lightning 1000m 12.50 60km SE Agram (Zagreb)
09-Jun-44 Johannes Steinhoff Stab /JG77 B-24 Liberator 6000m 11.45 TH 1 (See 80km N Ancona)
14-Jul-44 Johannes Steinhoff Stab /JG77 B-25 Mitchell      
04-Apr-43 Johannes Steinhoff Stab /JG77 Spitfire      
25-Jun-43 Johannes Steinhoff Stab /JG77 B-17F   13.25 19154
07-Jul-43 Johannes Steinhoff Stab /JG77 Martlet   17.25 20km SW Marsala
08-Jul-43 Johannes Steinhoff Stab /JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk      
25-Aug-43 Johannes Steinhoff Stab /JG77 P-38 Lightning 20m 09.58 52 361
25-Aug-43 Johannes Steinhoff Stab /JG77 P-38 Lightning 20m 09.59 52 361
25-Aug-43 Johannes Steinhoff Stab /JG77 P-38 Lightning 20m 10.00 52 354
25-Aug-43 Johannes Steinhoff Stab /JG77 P-38 Lightning   10.01  
01-Dec-43 Johannes Steinhoff Stab /JG77 Mosquito 9500m 10.59 S Varzi (Lombardy)
17-May-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 MiG-1 2500m 09.37 Boroditschnoye
26-May-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
  17.24 1km E Taranovka
22-Jun-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 Hurricane 2000m 17.55 5km NW Kupjansk
21-Aug-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 I-180 1000m 16.00 49 411
22-Aug-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 LaGG-3   10.11 49 475 Bodennahe
22-Aug-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 Hurricane 1000m 10.20 49 411
23-Aug-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 LaGG-3 300m 05.40 59 353
23-Aug-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 LaGG-3 50m 05.50 59 334
23-Aug-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 I-153   12.20 49 124 Bodennahe
23-Aug-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 I-180   15.10 49 413
23-Aug-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 LaGG-3 4000m 17.25 49 411
24-Aug-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 I-180 350m 06.20 59 323
25-Aug-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 LaGG 800m 11.05 49 243
25-Aug-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 LaGG 500m 11.07 49 253
25-Aug-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 I-189   14.45 59 311 Bodennahe
25-Aug-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 I-180 2300m 17.37 49 412
27-Aug-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 I-180   05.55 49 431 Bodennahe
27-Aug-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 I-180   11.34 49 413 Bodennahe
28-Aug-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 LaGG 200m 14.50 49 223
28-Aug-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 LaGG   14.57 50 773 Bodennahe
30-Aug-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 LaGG 500m 13.10 49 161
30-Aug-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 LaGG 1000m 13.12 40 792
30-Aug-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 LaGG 2000m 17.00 49 362
30-Aug-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 LaGG 100m 17.10 49 522
30-Aug-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 LaGG 200m 17.12 49 522
31-Aug-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 LaGG-3 3000m 05.20 49 461
31-Aug-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 LaGG-3 4000m 17.05 49 474
08-Sep-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 LaGG-3 2500m 14.40 44 481
08-Sep-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 LaGG-3 2000m 14.42 44 622
10-Sep-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 LaGG-3 Low Level 14.15 44 424
16-Sep-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 LaGG-3 1500m 16.20 54 371
17-Sep-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
2000m 14.40 54 322
17-Sep-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 LaGG 800m 16.40 54 381
20-Sep-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 I-16 Rata 2000m 09.40 85 371
26-Sep-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 Yak-1 3000m 15.39 85 342
26-Sep-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 Yak-1 1000m 15.40 85 342
11-Nov-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 Yak-1 100m 08.10 94 161
11-Nov-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
Low Level 14.18 95 793
28-Nov-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 P-40 Warhawk Low Level 07.50 49 284
28-Nov-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 Yak-1 2000m 10.40 49 184
30-Nov-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 Yak-1 Low Level 07.45 19 482
30-Nov-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 Yak-1 Low Level 07.46 19 482
30-Nov-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 Yak-1 2000m 10.15 39 424
30-Nov-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 P-40 Warhawk 1200m 10.38 40 754
01-Dec-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 Yak-1   08.20 40 793 Bodennahe
02-Dec-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
1000m 12.15 49 353
07-Dec-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 P-40 Kittyhawk   13.23 39 652 Bodennahe
08-Dec-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 A-20 Boston III 1000m 09.10 29 253
08-Dec-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 A-20 Boston III 1000m 12.32 29 243
17-Dec-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 P-40 Warhawk 1000m 07.10 38 212
17-Dec-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 Yak-1   13.15 39 883 Bodennahe
18-Dec-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 Yak-1 3000m 10.33 39 823
20-Dec-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 Yak-1 100m 10.53 39 854
25-Dec-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 Yak-1 1000m 13.00 38 241
25-Dec-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 Pe-2 6000m 13.30 38 334
28-Dec-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 La-5 3000m 10.27 38 351
28-Dec-42 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 La-5 1500m 12.55 38 353
09-Jan-43 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 Yak-1 2000m 12.43 28 782
09-Jan-43 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 Yak-1 3000m 12.50 28 872
14-Jan-43 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
2000m 14.32 17 263
14-Jan-43 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
2000m 14.33 17 263
14-Jan-43 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 LaGG-5 3000m 14.33 17 143
25-Jan-43 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 LaGG-5 4000m 11.50 0865
26-Jan-43 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 A-20 Boston III 5000m 10.15 08 521
31-Jan-43 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 A-20 Boston III 3000m 13.00 99 871
01-Feb-43 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 Yak-1 2500m 14.25 9962
02-Feb-43 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 Yak-1 3000m 09.25 9962
02-Feb-43 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 Yak-1   09.28 99 622
12-Feb-43 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 Yak-1 100m 12.02 86 590
23-Feb-43 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
  09.02 76 664 Bodennahne
23-Feb-43 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 Yak-1 2000m 12.45 86 560
23-Feb-43 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 Yak-1 2000m 12.47 86 560
25-Feb-43 Johannes Steinhoff Stab II./JG52 Yak-1 2000m 08.40 75 230
28-Feb-45 Johannes Steinhoff JV44 Il-2 *      
27-Mar-45 Johannes Steinhoff JV44 Il-2 *     Raum Oder
17-Apr-45 Johannes Steinhoff JV44 B-17 Fortress     Munchen
03-Apr-45 Johannes Steinhoff JV44 B-17 Fortress      
05-Apr-45 Johannes Steinhoff JV44 P-51 Mustang      
05-Apr-45 Johannes Steinhoff JV44 P-51 Mustang      
08-Apr-45 Johannes Steinhoff JV44 B-17 Fortress     Raum Stuttgart

Knights Cross

Kurt 'Kuddel' Ubben

Kurt 'Kuddel' Ubben was born on 18 November 1911 at Dorstadt in Harz. He joined the navy in 1931 undertaking his training on the sailing ship 'Gorch Foch'. In 1935, Ubben transferred to the Luftwaffe and, by 1938, was serving with the Küstenjagdstaffel Kiel. At the outbreak of World War 2, Oberfeldwebel Ubben was serving with 5./JGr 186. The unit was destined to be based aboard the German navy's aircraft carrier Graf Zeppelin, at that time still under construction. He participated in air operations supporting the invasion of Poland in September 1939. He gained his first aerial success when he shot down a Dutch Fokker D XXI fighter over Holland on 10 May 1940. In June 1940, Ubben transferred with II./JGr 186 to Norway where the unit was based at Stavanger. On 5 July, II./JGr186 was absorbed into III./JG77 when it became obvious that the Graf Zeppelin would not be completed for some time. On 22 July, Ubben was appointed Staffelkapitän of 8./JG77.

By the end of 1940, 8./JG77 was stationed on the Channel front. The unit transferred to take part in the invasion of the Balkans in early April 1941. Ubben claimed an RAF Hurricane fighter shot down in the Lamia area of Greece on 19 April. However, Ubben's Bf-109 was badly damaged in the engagement necessitating a forced landing behind Allied lines. He was rescued by a Fieseler Fi 156 Storch flown by a colleague of his unit, which landed and flew him back to his base. Ubben also performed many ground attack missions and fighter-bomber attacks against Allied shipping around the coasts of Greece and Crete.On 22 May, Oberleutnant Ubben and Oberleutnant Wolf-Dietrich Huy (40 victories, RK-EL) attacked the Royal Navy's Force 'C' between the islands of Kythera and Antikythera. Both were successful in gaining hits on the British battleship 'Warspite'. He also claimed a British Motor Torpedo Boat sunk during this period. Ubben participated in the invasion of Russia in June 1941. He claimed his 20th and 21st victories on 25 July. He was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 4 September for 32 aerial victories, 26 aircraft destroyed on the ground and 15 tanks destroyed.

On 5 September 1941, Hauptmann Ubben was appointed Gruppenkommandeur of III./JG77. He achieved his 50th victory on 19 October.Ubben shot down four Russian aircraft on 9 December (58-61). He was awarded the Eichenlaub (Nr 80) on 12 March 1942 for 69 victories. When III./JG77 was transferred to North Africa, Ubben had 92 victories to his credit. He continued his success in the new theatre gaining his 100th and 101st victories on 14 January 1943. In October, Ubben led III./JG77 to Rumania where it was tasked with the aerial protection of the Ploesti oilfields from the increasing Allied bombing attacks. Major Ubben was appointed Kommodore of JG2 based in France on 10 March 1944, replacing Oberstleutnant Egon Mayer (102 victories, RK-S, killed in action 2 March 1944). On 27 April 1944, Ubben engaged USAAF fighters near Fere-en-Tardenois. In the ensuing combat, Ubben was shot down in Fw-190A-8/R2/R6 (W.Nr 680113). He baled out but his parachute failed to open either due to insufficient altitude or an improperly fastened harness.'Kuddel' Ubben was credited 111 victories in approximately 500 combat missions. He recorded 90 victories over the Eastern front. Included in his total is one four-engined bomber and seven P-38 twinengine fighters.

No Date Time Enemy A/C Type Unit Location / Comments
1 10.5.1940 6:50 Fokker D XXI 5./JGr 186 De Kooi
2 19.4.1941 11:20 Hurricane 8./JG77 Lamia area / Hurricane of 33Sqn, RAF
3 22.6.1941 18:58 I-16 8./JG77 -
4 26.6.1941 10:45 DB-3 8./JG77 -
5 26.6.1941 10:51 DB-3 8./JG77 -
6 26.6.1941 11:02 DB-3 8./JG77 -
7 26.6.1941 14:47 DB-3 8./JG77 -
8 4.7.1941 16:08 SB-3 8./JG77 -
9 4.7.1941 18:37 SB-3 8./JG77 -
10 8.7.1941 18:23 DB-3 8./JG77 -
11 8.7.1941 18:25 DB-3 8./JG77 -
12 8.7.1941 18:27 DB-3 8./JG77 -
13 10.7.1941 11:13 I-153 8./JG77 -
14 10.7.1941 11:16 I-153 8./JG77 -
15 10.7.1941 11:18 I-153 8./JG77 -
16 11.7.1941 12:39 MiG-3 8./JG77 -
17 21.7.1941 12:38 I-61 8./JG77 -
18 22.7.1941 12:32 I-61 8./JG77 -
19 25.7.1941 19:40 I-153 8./JG77 -
20 25.7.1941 19:43 I-153 8./JG77 -
21 27.7.1941 15:42 I-153 8./JG77 -
- 27.7.1941   I-16 8./JG77 not confirmed
22 31.7.1941 12:53 I-16 8./JG77 -
23 31.7.1941 17:00 Potez 25 8./JG77 -
24 5.8.1941 17:55 I-16 8./JG77 -
25 5.8.1941 18:03 I-16 8./JG77 -
26 11.8.1941 15:48 I-16 8./JG77 -
27 13.8.1941 8:48 I-5 8./JG77 -
28 17.8.1941 17:05 Seversky 8./JG77 -
29 22.8.1941 11:00 I-15 8./JG77 17692
30 29.8.1941 7:05 DB-3 8./JG77 -
31 30.8.1941 18:45 I-153 8./JG77 -
32 1.9.1941 17:41 DB-3 8./JG77 -
33 1.9.1941 17:53 I-16 8./JG77 -
34 2.9.1941   Pe-2 8./JG77 -
35 4.9.1941 5:55 DB-3 8./JG77 -
36 5.9.1941 5:35 I-16 8./JG77 -
37 26.9.1941 16:00 I-153 8./JG77 -
38 29.9.1941 11:02 R-10 8./JG77 -
39 1.10.1941   I-16 Stab III./JG77 Perekop
40 2.10.1941 11:52 MiG-3 Stab III./JG77 -
41 3.10.1941 14:30 MiG-3 Stab III./JG77 -
42 9.10.1941 15:08 MiG-3 Stab III./JG77 Chaplinka
43 9.10.1941 15:14 MiG-3 Stab III./JG77 Chaplinka
44 9.10.1941 15:16 MiG-3 Stab III./JG77 Chaplinka
45 10.10.1941 6:15 Il-2 Stab III./JG77 3784
46 10.10.1941 6:30 MiG-3 Stab III./JG77 -
47 11.10.1941 14:05 Pe-2 Stab III./JG77 3622
48 18.10.1941   LaGG-3 Stab III./JG77 -
49 19.10.1941 12:52 LaGG-3 Stab III./JG77 -
50 19.10.1941 16:12 I-15 Stab III./JG77 -
51 20.10.1941 16:08 LaGG-3 Stab III./JG77 -
52 22.10.1941 9:10 Il-2 Stab III./JG77 -
53 23.10.1941   I-15 Stab III./JG77 -
54 4.11.1941 15:08 I-153 Stab III./JG77 -
55 6.11.1941   MiG-3 Stab III./JG77 -
56 6.11.1941   Il-2 Stab III./JG77 -
57 7.12.1941   I-16 Stab III./JG77 -
58 9.12.1941   I-15 Stab III./JG77 -
59 9.12.1941   I-15 Stab III./JG77 -
60 9.12.1941   I-16 Stab III./JG77 -
61 9.12.1941   DB-3 Stab III./JG77 -
62 23.2.1942   I-15 Stab III./JG77 -
63 23.2.1942   MiG-3 Stab III./JG77 -
64 24.2.1942   LaGG-3 Stab III./JG77 -
65 25.2.1942   LaGG-3 Stab III./JG77 -
- 26.2.1942   I-16 Stab III./JG77 not confirmed
66 2.3.1942   Il-2 Stab III./JG77 -
67 5.3.1942   I-16 Stab III./JG77 -
68 9.3.1942   I-153 Stab III./JG77 -
69 12.3.1942   I-153 Stab III./JG77 -
70 8.6.1942   I-153 Stab III./JG77 -
71 11.6.1942   Il-2 Stab III./JG77 -
72 12.6.1942   LaGG-3 Stab III./JG77 -
73 18.6.1942   MiG-1 Stab III./JG77 -
74 24.6.1942   Yak-1 Stab III./JG77 Yak-1 of 6 GIAP, VVS-ChF
75 5.7.1942   Il-2 Stab III./JG77 -
76 5.7.1942   Il-2 Stab III./JG77 66 823
77 5.7.1942   Yak-1 Stab III./JG77 -
78 6.7.1942   I-16 Stab III./JG77 -
79 6.7.1942   LaGG-3 Stab III./JG77 -
80 9.7.1942   E/a Stab III./JG77 -
81 14.7.1942   E/a Stab III./JG77 -
82 9.9.1942   Il-2 Stab III./JG77 -
83 10.9.1942   Yak-1 Stab III./JG77 -
84 12.9.1942   LaGG-3 Stab III./JG77 -
85 14.9.1942   Il-2 Stab III./JG77 -
86 15.9.1942   Yak-1 Stab III./JG77 -
87 20.9.1942   P-40 Stab III./JG77 -
88 20.9.1942   LaGG-3 Stab III./JG77 -
89 21.9.1942   Yak-1 Stab III./JG77 -
90 22.9.1942   LaGG-3 Stab III./JG77 -
91 25.9.1942   Yak-1 Stab III./JG77 -
92 30.9.1942   Yak-1 Stab III./JG77 -
93 3.11.1942   Hurricane Stab III./JG77 -
94 7.11.1942 16:20 Hurricane Stab III./JG77 61/66/4
95 11.12.1942   P-40 Stab III./JG77 -
96 13.12.1942   P-40 Stab III./JG77 -
97 15.12.1942 10:56 P-40 Stab III./JG77 81/6/1
98 10.1.1943 8:40 Spitfire Stab III./JG77 W Tamet
99 13.1.1943   P-40 Stab III./JG77 -
100 14.1.1943 11:15 P-40 Stab III./JG77 43893
101 14.1.1943 16:25 P-40 Stab III./JG77 51281
102 18.1.1943 14:22 P-38 Stab III./JG77 22112
103 27.1.1943   P-40 Stab III./JG77 -
104 4.2.1943 15:10 P-38 Stab III./JG77 85682
105 8.2.1943 12:49 P-38 Stab III./JG77 95673
106 8.2.1943 13:01 P-38 Stab III./JG77 95751
107 15.2.1943 12:01 Spitfire Stab III./JG77 20km SW Sidi Bou Zid
108 24.6.1943 9:55 P-38 Stab III./JG77 81593/04 Ost
109 24.6.1943 10:15 P-38 Stab III./JG77 7039/04 Ost
110 10.8.1943   P-38 Stab III./JG77 -
111 1.10.1943 1155 B-17 Stab III./JG77 04 195/14 Ost

Victories : 111
Awards : Deutsches Kreuz in Gold (9 December 1941)
Ritterkreuz (4 September 1941)
Eichenlaub (12 March 1942)
Units : JGr 186, JG77, JG2
http://www.luftwaffe.cz/ubben.html

Asisbiz Database of 49 aerial victories out of 111 for Kurt Ubben

Date Name Unit A/c Type Height Time Comments
10-May-40 Kurt Ubben 5./JG186 Fokker XXI   06.50 De Kooi
19-Apr-41 Kurt Ubben 8./JG77 Hurricane I 2000m 11.20 25km NW Lamia
07-Jan-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 Pe-2 1200m 09.10 5667
02-Mar-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
  09.30  
09-Mar-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 I-153   12.55  
17-Mar-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 DB-3   12.34  
12-May-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
  17.10  
27-May-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 Pe-2 800m 15.22 6083
08-Jun-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 I-153      
18-Jun-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 I-153   15.02  
18-Jun-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 MiG-1      
01-Jul-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 Yak-1   17.10  
02-Jul-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
  14.44  
05-Jul-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
800m 17.23 66 823
05-Jul-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
     
05-Jul-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 Yak-1      
05-Jul-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
  17.20  
06-Jul-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 Yak-1   18.52  
09-Jul-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 Yak-1   11.12  
14-Jul-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 I-16 Rata   17.28  
22-Jul-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 Yak-1   09.52  
12-Sep-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 P-2   14.01 10 193
15-Sep-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 LaGG-3 4500m 07.11 20 141
16-Sep-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 Yak-1 6200m 07.44 00 254
21-Sep-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 P-2 800m 11.15 10 161
26-Sep-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 LaGG-3 2800m 14.52 00 262
30-Sep-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 Yak-1 2000m 11.30 00 261
03-Nov-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 Hurricane      
04-Nov-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 Hurricane      
05-Nov-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 Hurricane   14.30 W. Fuka
07-Nov-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 Hurricane II 10m 16.20 61/66/4
11-Dec-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 P-40 Warhawk      
13-Dec-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 P-40 Warhawk      
15-Dec-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 P-40E Warhawk Low Level 10.56 81/6/1
10-Jan-43 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 Spitfire 3000-2200m 08.40 62741 W Tamet
13-Jan-43 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 P-40E Warhawk      
14-Jan-43 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 2800m 16.25 51281
14-Jan-43 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 P-40E Warhawk 3300m 11.15 43893
18-Jan-43 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 P-38 Lightning 2000m 14.22 22112
27-Jan-43 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk      
04-Feb-43 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 P-38 Lightning Low Level 15.10 85682
08-Feb-43 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 P-38 Lightning 4000m 12.49 95673
08-Feb-43 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 P-38 Lightning 600m 13.01 95751
15-Feb-43 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 Spitfire 1200m 12.01 9518 20km SW Sidi Bou Zid
24-Jun-43 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 P-38F Lightning 3000m 09.55 81593/04 Ost
24-Jun-43 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 P-38F Lightning 1200m 10.15 7039/04 Ost
10-Aug-43 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 P-38 Lightning      
25-Sep-43 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 Beaufighter      
01-Oct-43 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 B-17 Fortress 3200m 11.55 14 Ost S/04 195

Luftwaffe Badge

Heinz Furth

Units: 7./JG-77 (Leningrad 9/42)

Awards: Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Bf 109G-6, Bf 109G-2 WNr 10646 'White 3'

Remarks: MIA 13 January, 1943; Combat after scramble from Bir Dufan in 'White 3'. Mombeek MIA List.

No known aerial victories for Heinz Furth

Knights Cross

Johannes 'Hans' Pichler

Units: 7./JG-77 (5/41), Leningrad 9/42, 7./JG-77 (6/43 Sicily)

Awards: RK(8/19/44) as Fhj-Ofw., DK-G(4/14/43), EP(6/4/43), EK 1 & 2, Fighter Operational Clasp w/Pendant

Known Aircraft: Bf 109E-7 WNr 1963 (85% dam 5/22/41), Bf 109G-6 WNr 8358, Bf 109G-6 WNr 18151 'Wh 3'(lost7/43), Bf 109G-6 WNr 165685 'White 13' (7/28/44)

Remarks: POW 28 August, 1944 after being shot down by American fighters SE of Titu Romania. Injured in a crash in his E-7 at Moloai on 22 May, 1941, cause not given. 16 Bombers. Fought over Crete, Russia, N. Africa, Italy and Romania. On 30 August, 1944, while in a hospital in Budapest after being wounded on 28 July, 1944 in Wk# 165685, he was taken into Russian confinement. 700 missions. Wounded earlier in Wk# 18151 on 14 July, 1943, but managed to bail safely. 16 four engine bombers. His first victory, a Hurricane I 7 km west of Labbi on 16 may, 1941. 29 victories in the East. His first known Soviet victory, a DB-3 and two I-301's on 15 January, 1942. An I-153 on 17 May, 1942. Additional victories include several ships sunk near Crete, including the British battleship 'Valiant' on 22 May, 1941. His 38th victory, a B-24 in the Balkans on 4 April, 1944. His 40th, a B-24 (HSS) in the Balkans on 5 May, 1944. His 49th & 50th, both B-24's at Liegeplatz: Mizil/Rum (Romania) on 15 July, 1944. Bowers/Lednicer, 75 victories (spelled Pilcher). Deceased 16 February, 1995. Photo

Asisbiz database list of 33 out of 50 aerial victories for Johann Pichler

No Date Time A/c Type Unit Location Comments
Friday, May 16, 1941 Johann Pichler 7./JG77 Hurricane I 500m 16:47 7km W Labbi
Thursday, January 15, 1942 Johann Pichler 7./JG77 SB-2   13:28  
Thursday, January 15, 1942 Johann Pichler 7./JG77 I-301   13:20  
Thursday, January 15, 1942 Johann Pichler 7./JG77 DB-3   08:45  
Monday, March 16, 1942 Johann Pichler 7./JG77 I-153 100m 17:22 5684
Monday, March 16, 1942 Johann Pichler 7./JG77 DB-3   11:02  
Thursday, March 19, 1942 Johann Pichler 7./JG77 I-153   13:12  
Sunday, May 17, 1942 Johann Pichler 7./JG77 I-153   08:35  
Friday, June 12, 1942 Johann Pichler 7./JG77 I-153   06:57  
Thursday, June 18, 1942 Johann Pichler 7./JG77 LaGG-3      
Thursday, June 18, 1942 Johann Pichler 7./JG77 LaGG-3      
Thursday, January 14, 1943 Johann Pichler 7./JG77 P-40E Warhawk Low Level 11:26 42253
Thursday, January 14, 1943 Johann Pichler 7./JG77 P-40E Warhawk 3300m 11:10 52312
Monday, January 18, 1943 Johann Pichler 7./JG77 B-17 Fortress 1200m 14:24 23784
Sunday, April 04, 1943 Johann Pichler III./JG77 B-25 Mitchell Low Level 17:07 9683 I
Monday, April 05, 1943 Johann Pichler 7./JG77 B-25 Mitchell 1000m 14:30 96693
Friday, June 18, 1943 Johann Pichler 7./JG77 P-38F Lightning 100m 10:12 9196
Thursday, June 24, 1943 Johann Pichler 7./JG77 P-38F Lightning 100m 09:56 81651/04 Ost
Tuesday, July 13, 1943 Johann Pichler 7./JG77 P-38 Lightning      
Wednesday, July 14, 1943 Johann Pichler 7./JG77 B-26 Marauder      
Tuesday, April 04, 1944 Johann Pichler 7./JG77 B-24 Liberator 6000m 13:52 6578
Saturday, April 15, 1944 Johann Pichler 7./JG77 B-17 Fortress 3500m 12:55 55 522
Friday, May 05, 1944 Johann Pichler 7./JG77 B-24 Liberator 3500m 14:17 56773 (Balkans)
Friday, May 05, 1944 Johann Pichler 7./JG77 B-24 Liberator Hss 6500m 13:55 55263 (Balkans)
Thursday, May 18, 1944 Johann Pichler 7./JG77 B-17 Fortress 5500m 11:32 55719
Wednesday, May 31, 1944 Johann Pichler 7./JG77 B-24 Liberator      
Saturday, June 10, 1944 Johann Pichler 7./JG77 P-38 Lightning      
Wednesday, June 28, 1944 Johann Pichler 7./JG77 B-24 Liberator Hss 6500m 09:54 24 Ost N/5548 (SW Bucharest)
Monday, July 03, 1944 Johann Pichler 7./JG77 B-24 Liberator 5500m 12:15 24 Ost N/44254 (w Bucharest)
Monday, July 03, 1944 Johann Pichler 7./JG77 B-24 Liberator 5500m 12:15 24 Ost N/54353 (w Bucharest)
Monday, July 03, 1944 Johann Pichler 7./JG77 B-24 Liberator 6500m 11:50 24 Ost N/5555 (w Bucharest)
Saturday, July 22, 1944 Johann Pichler 7./JG77 B-24 Liberator     Liegeplatz Mizil/Rum
Friday, July 28, 1944 Johann Pichler 7./JG77 B-24 Liberator      

Knights Cross

Armin Köhler

Units: 3./JG-77 (4/42 S.U.), Stfkpt 2./JG-77, Kdr I./JG-77 (7/43), Kdr III./JG-77(4/44), Kdr II./JG-77 (4/45 to end)

Awards: RK(2/7/45), DK-G(10/17/43), EP(11/24/42), EK 1 & 2, Fighter Operational Clasp w/Pendant

Known Aircraft: Bf 109F-4 WNr 10247 (90% dam 5/26/42), Bf 109G, Bf 109K-4 (Hi Alt.)

Remarks: Uninjured in a takeoff collision at Bagerowo on 26 May, 1942. 515 combat missions. His first known Soviet victory, an R-5 on 21 April, 1942. An I-301 the next day. A Soviet double, both I-15's on 24 April, 1942. An I-61 on 9 May, 1942. Two R-5's and two LaGG-3's on 16 May, 1942. His 10th & 11th, two Soviet R-5's on 18 May, 1942. 17 victories in the Desert; one known, his 14th, a Spitfire V on 13 October, 1942. His 25th, another Spitfire in southern Italy on 2 August, 1943. His 30th, a B-24 over Italy on 6 April, 1944. A Pe-2 on 3 February, 1945. 14 victories in the East; 13 four engine bombers. Magnus, 40 victories. Bowers/Lednicer, 69 victories. Deceased 28 March, 1999.

Asisbiz database list 27 out of 69 aerial victories for Armin Köhler

Date Name Unit A/c Type Height Time Comments
Sunday, April 06, 1941 Armin Kohler 4./JG77 Bf-109E      
Tuesday, April 15, 1941 Armin Kohler 4./JG77 Hurricane      
Sunday, May 25, 1941 Armin Kohler 5./JG77 Hurricane      
Thursday, July 09, 1942 Armin Kohler 3./JG77 Spitfire   12:18  
Thursday, July 09, 1942 Armin Kohler 3./JG77 Spitfire   19:15 SE Marsa Scirocco
Thursday, July 23, 1942 Armin Kohler 3./JG77 Spitfire   - 12km NNE La Valetta
Tuesday, October 13, 1942 Armin Kohler 3./JG77 Spitfire   17:20 NW La Valetta
Wednesday, November 04, 1942 Armin Kohler 3./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   - W. El Daba
Wednesday, November 04, 1942 Armin Kohler 3./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   - SW El Alamein
Thursday, November 05, 1942 Armin Kohler 3./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   - N. Fuka
Monday, February 08, 1943 Armin Kohler 2./JG77 B-25 Mitchell   12:55 -
Wednesday, March 24, 1943 Armin Kohler 2./JG77 B-25 Mitchell   09:53 -
Wednesday, March 24, 1943 Armin Kohler 2./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   09:57 -
Saturday, April 03, 1943 Armin Kohler 2./JG77 Spitfire   18:54 -
Wednesday, April 07, 1943 Armin Kohler 2./JG77 A-20 Boston III   - -
Sunday, April 25, 1943 Armin Kohler 2./JG77 Spitfire   18:30 -
Friday, July 02, 1943 Armin Kohler 1./JG77 B-25 Mitchell   08:05 Time confliction
Friday, July 02, 1943 Armin Kohler 2./JG77 B-25 Mitchell   08:14  
Saturday, July 03, 1943 Armin Kohler 2./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk   11:01  
Saturday, July 03, 1943 Armin Kohler 2./JG77 Kittyhawk   11:01 -
Wednesday, July 28, 1943 Armin Kohler 2./JG77 P-51 Mustang      
Wednesday, July 28, 1943 Armin Kohler 2./JG77 P-51 Mustang   - -
Wednesday, July 28, 1943 Armin Kohler 2./JG77 Auflkarer      
Monday, August 02, 1943 Armin Kohler 2./JG77 Spitfire 3500m 13:03 48134
Sunday, April 02, 1944 Armin Kohler 2./JG77 B-24 Liberator 5500m 10:17 4787
Thursday, April 20, 1944 Armin Kohler 2./JG77 B-24 Liberator 5500m 12:45 15km NW Trieste
Saturday, February 03, 1945 Armin Kohler Stab III./JG77 Pe-2   - -

Luftwaffe Badge

Wilhelm Scheib

Units: 1./JG-77 (3/42)

Awards: EP, EK 1 & 2, Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Bf 109F & G

Remarks: KIA 12 October, 1942 (Magnus). His first known Soviet victory, an R-5 and an I-16 Rata on 9 March, 1942. An R-5 on 24 March, 1942. A Soviet UT-2 on 2 June, 1942. A Yak-1 on 4 June, 1942. His 7th, a Spitfire V over Malta on 12 July, 1942. His 9th and 10th were Hurricane II's over Malta on 12 August, 1942.

Asisbiz database list of 12 aerial victories for Wilhelm Scheib

Date Name Unit A/c Type Height Time Comments
Monday, March 09, 1942 Wilhelm Scheib 1./JG77 I-16 Rata   16:45  
Monday, March 09, 1942 Wilhelm Scheib 1./JG77 R-5   10:09  
Tuesday, March 24, 1942 Wilhelm Scheib 1./JG77 R-5   13:55  
Tuesday, June 02, 1942 Wilhelm Scheib 1./JG77 UT-2      
Thursday, June 04, 1942 Wilhelm Scheib 1./JG77 Yak-1   12:45  
Sunday, July 12, 1942 Wilhelm Scheib 1./JG77 Spitfire     Jafu Sizilien
Monday, July 20, 1942 Wilhelm Scheib 1./JG77 Spitfire     Jafu Sizilien
Monday, August 10, 1942 Wilhelm Scheib 1./JG77 Spitfire   11:19 Jafu Sizilien
Wednesday, August 12, 1942 Wilhelm Scheib 1./JG77 Hurricane   09:31 Jafu Sizilien
Wednesday, August 12, 1942 Wilhelm Scheib 1./JG77 Hurricane   09:29 Jafu Sizilien
Tuesday, September 15, 1942 Wilhelm Scheib 1./JG77 Spitfire     Jafu Sizilien
Wednesday, September 23, 1942 Wilhelm Scheib 1./JG77 Spitfire   11:17 Jafu Sizilien

Knights Cross

Horst Schlick

Units: 1./JG-77 (1/42 S.U.), 4./JG-77 (11/44), JG-7 (4/45)

Awards: DK-G(10/17/43), EP, EK 1 & 2, Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Bf 109E-7 WNr 6389 'White 4' (40% combat dam, crash land 3/17/42, Ufer des Donez), Bf 109F & G, Bf 109G-14 WNr 512382 'Blue 3' in 4/JG-77, Me 262

Remarks: 480 combat missions. A Soviet victory, an R-5 on 15 March, 1942. His 3rd victory was a Spitfire V over Malta on 8 July, 1942. Another Spitfire V, his 4th, was downed over Malta on 22 July. His 5th, a Hurricane over Malta on 12 August, 1942. His 9th, a P-40 over Malta on 2 November, 1942. His 14th, a P-40E on 14 January, 1943. His 15, a P-38 on 28 January, 1943. His 18th & 19th victories were two P-40's in the Desert on 26 February, 1943. His 21st, a Spitfire on 4 May, 1943. His 22nd, a P-40 on 5 May, 1943. His 30th, a P-51 2 km SE of Guardea Italy, NE of Viterbo, on 18 April, 1944. His 31st, a P-47 in the Aachen area on 12 October, 1944. His 32nd, a P-38 at Bande/Ardennes on 24 December, 1944. Werk # 6389 was Clausen's old AC.

Asisbiz Database of 41 aerial victories for Horst Schlick

Date Name Unit A/c Type Height Time Comments
15-Mar-42 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 R-5   08:45 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
08-Jul-42 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 Spitfire   06:45 Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
20-Jul-42 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 Spitfire   14:04 Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
22-Jul-42 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 Spitfire   11:38 Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
12-Aug-42 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 Hurricane   09:33 Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
03-Oct-42 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 Spitfire     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
06-Oct-42 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 Spitfire   - Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
11-Oct-42 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 Spitfire     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
13-Oct-42 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 Spitfire   - La Valetta
01-Nov-42 Horst Schlick 3./JG77 P-40 Warhawk     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
02-Nov-42 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-40 Warhawk     Bir-el-Abd based
10-Nov-42 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-40 Warhawk     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
11-Nov-42 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-40 Warhawk     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
08-Dec-42 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-40 Warhawk     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
13-Dec-42 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 Spitfire     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
14-Jan-43 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-40E Warhawk     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
28-Jan-43 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-38 Lightning     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
08-Feb-43 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-38 Lightning     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
08-Feb-43 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 B-25 Mitchell e.V     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
09-Feb-43 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-38 Lightning     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
26-Feb-43 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-40 Warhawk     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
26-Feb-43 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   17:18 Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
07-Mar-43 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 Spitfire     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
04-May-43 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 Spitfire     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
05-May-43 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-40 Warhawk     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
28-Jul-43 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-51 Mustang 2000m 15:25 500m S Cap Orlando
28-Jul-43 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 Auflkarer     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
20-Aug-43 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-38 Lightning     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
31-Aug-43 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 B-24 Liberator w.b.     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
31-Aug-43 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 B-24 Liberator 4500m 13:35 53 513
02-Sep-43 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-38 Lightning 500m 13:32 31 152
02-Sep-43 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-38 Lightning 500m 13:35 31 153
04-Sep-43 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 B-17 Fortress     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
07-Sep-43 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 B-17 Fortress     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
09-Sep-43 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 B-24 Liberator     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
16-Sep-43 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-38 Lightning     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
28-Sep-43 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 Beaufighter   13:46 03183 (Mediterranean)
30-Jan-44 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 B-17 Fortress 7500m 11:56 14 Ost N/36169 (Udine area)
18-Apr-44 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-51 Mustang Low Level 15:02 2km SE Guardea (NE Viterbo)
12-Oct-44 Horst Schlick 4./JG77 P-47 Thunderbolt 4000m 15:10 6115
24-Dec-44 Horst Schlick 4./JG77 P-38 Lightning 4500m 09:35 QL 6 (Bande/Ardennes)

Knights Cross

Herbert Kaiser

Units: 5(J)/TrGr-186 (4/40), 8/JG-77 (4/41 Balkans & S.U.), 7/JG-1 (3/44), EKdo 262 (7/44), JV-44 (2/45)

Awards: RK(3/14/43), DK-G(3/30/42), EP(8/9/41), EK 1 & 2, Wound Badge, Fighter OperationalClasp w/Pend

Known Aircraft: Bf 109F & G (Trop.) in JG-77, Bf 109G-6 'Blue 23' in JG-1, Me 262A-2a WNr 170058(lost 7/44)

Remarks: Poland and Channel pilot. 3 victories in TrGr-186. After his 45th & 46th victories on 28 October, 1942, in the Desert, he was shot down and made a force landing, returning to his unit two days later. Two victories on the Normandy Invasion Front. Forced to bail from his Me 262 on 30 July, 1944. A fighter pilot from 1938 to the end! His 1st victory, a Blenheim 60 km north of Terschelling, 5 May, 1940. His 65th victory, a P-47 at Neumünster-Plön on 13 May, 1944. His 68th, and last victory, a P-47 over northern France on 30 July, 1944. Seriously wounded in Bf 109G-6 Wk# 413577 'White 12' on 9 August, 1944 during a parachute jump and remained hospitalized until February 1945. Over 1000 combat missions. 42 of his victories were in the East. One known, his 27th, a Soviet I-16 Rata on 15 January, 1942. A double Soviet victory on 12 May, 1942; An R-Z and an Su-2. His 40th, a Soviet unnamed AC on 10 June, 1942. Served as a pre-war pilot, then in Poland, France, Battle of Britain, North Africa, Balkans, Soviet Union, Italy, the Dolomites and the Defense of the Reich. Bowers/Lednicer, 68 victories. Deceased 5 December, 2003.

Asisbiz Database of 45 out of 68 aerial victories for Herbert Kaiser

Date Name Unit A/c Type Height Time Comments
05-May-40 Herbert Kaiser 5./JG186 Blenheim   17.30 60km N Terschelling
10-May-40 Herbert Kaiser 5./JG186 Fokker XXI   06.50 De Kooi
23-Apr-41 Herbert Kaiser 8./JG77 Lysander      
16-May-41 Herbert Kaiser 8./JG77 Hurricane I 4000m 16.48 5km SW Chania
15-Jan-42 Herbert Kaiser 8./JG77 I-16 Rata      
12-May-42 Herbert Kaiser 8./JG77 R-Zet   07.05  
12-May-42 Herbert Kaiser 8./JG77 Su-2   07.07  
17-May-42 Herbert Kaiser 8./JG77 MiG-3   08.00  
18-May-42 Herbert Kaiser 8./JG77 U-2   16.53  
07-Jun-42 Herbert Kaiser 8./JG77        
07-Jun-42 Herbert Kaiser 8./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
2800m 12.53 35 444
07-Jun-42 Herbert Kaiser 8./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
10m 12.52 35 444
08-Jun-42 Herbert Kaiser 8./JG77        
10-Jun-42 Herbert Kaiser 8./JG77        
04-Jul-42 Herbert Kaiser 8./JG77        
04-Jul-42 Herbert Kaiser 8./JG77        
06-Jul-42 Herbert Kaiser 9./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
  17.17  
10-Jul-42 Herbert Kaiser 9./JG77 Yak-1   09.40  
10-Jul-42 Herbert Kaiser 9./JG77 Pe-2      
15-Jul-42 Herbert Kaiser 9./JG77 Yak-1   08.34  
22-Jul-42 Herbert Kaiser 9./JG77 Yak-1   10.08  
22-Jul-42 Herbert Kaiser 9./JG77 Yak-1   10.00  
23-Jul-42 Herbert Kaiser 9./JG77 I-153   04.50  
23-Jul-42 Herbert Kaiser 9./JG77 U-2   09.05  
24-Jul-42 Herbert Kaiser 9./JG77 Yak-1   07.40  
27-Oct-42 Herbert Kaiser 8./JG77 P-40 Warhawk      
27-Oct-42 Herbert Kaiser 8./JG77 P-40 Warhawk      
31-Oct-42 Herbert Kaiser 9./JG77 P-40 Warhawk 100m 13.05 62631
03-Nov-42 Herbert Kaiser 8./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   14.00  
03-Nov-42 Herbert Kaiser 9./JG77 P-40 Warhawk 40m 12.10 81/22/2
04-Nov-42 Herbert Kaiser 9./JG77 Hurricane 3500m 07.10 81/14/3
25-Nov-42 Herbert Kaiser 8./JG77 Spitfire      
07-Jan-43 Herbert Kaiser 8./JG77 P-38 Lightning      
08-Jan-43 Herbert Kaiser 8./JG77 P-38 Lightning      
25-Sep-43 Herbert Kaiser 3./JG77 Lysander 50m 09.21 414 69
25-Sep-43 Herbert Kaiser 3./JG77 Lysander 50m 09.21 414 69 50m
22-Nov-43 Herbert Kaiser Stab I./JG77 Spitfire   11.05 2211
11-Apr-44 Herbert Kaiser 7./JG1 P-47 Thunderbolt      
11-Apr-44 Herbert Kaiser 7./JG1 P-47 Thunderbolt      
22-Apr-44 Herbert Kaiser 7./JG1 P-51 Mustang      
24-Apr-44 Herbert Kaiser 7./JG1 P-47 Thunderbolt      
13-May-44 Herbert Kaiser 7./JG1 P-47 Thunderbolt 4000m 13.30 UA-7 (Neumunster-Plon)
12-Jul-44 Herbert Kaiser 7./JG1 Spitfire 6000m 19.05 15 West S/TU-7 (Tilly)
13-Jul-44 Herbert Kaiser 7./JG1 Typhoon 1600m 18.18 UU-9 (Raum Caen)
30-Jul-44 Herbert Kaiser 7./JG1 P-47 Thunderbolt      

Knights Cross

Ernst Wilhelm 'Erwi' Reinert

Units: 4/JG-77 (1/43), 6/JG-77 (4/43), Stafkpt 1 & 3/JG-77, Stafkpt 14/JG-27, Kdr IV/JG-27 (1/45), III/JG-7 (3/45)

Awards: RK(7/1/42)-S(1/30/45), DK-G(5/18/42), EP(2/7/42), EK 1 & 2, Wnd Bdg, Fighter Oper.Clasp w/Pendant

Known Aircraft: Bf 109E-3 'White 12' Bf 109F-4 WNr 13117 (lost 7/14/42, coll w/ Erwin Clausen), Bf 109F-4 WNr 13137 (lost 7/23/42 downed by a Pe-2), Bf 109F-4 WNr 8280 (lost 7/26/42; crash due to tech prob), Bf 109G-2 'White 10' in 4/JG-77, Bf 109G-6 'Yellow 7+-' (4/43), Bf 109G-6 WNr 20380 'White 1' (8/13/43), Bf 109K-4, Me 262 in JG-7

Remarks: 2 Bombers. EL conferred 6 October, 1942. 103 victories in the East. His first victory came on 8 August, 1941, shortly after joining 4/JG-77 in N. Africa. Downed three Soviet fighters on 19 March, 1942 in the Kerch Peninsula. His 50th victory, a Soviet I-16 Rata on 9 June, 1942. His 65th, a Yak-4 on 11 July, 1942. His 80th, a Pe-2 on 19 July, 1942. A Yak-1 on 30 September, 1942. By the end of 1942, he had scored over 100 victories. 51 victories in North Africa. On 13 August, 1943 he was shot down by a P-40 after his 158-160 victories over Italy and made a water landing and was rescued. 20 victories in the West. His 169th victory, a P-51 W of Caen on 27 June, 1944. His 172nd, a P-51 NE of Leipzig on 2 November, 1944. 715 combat missions. In addition, 16 AC destroyed on the ground and 10 Tanks. Deceased 5 September, 2007.

When Feldwebel Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert of 4./JG 77 was injured in combat with a Pe-2 on the Eastern Front on July 23, 1942, he ended a remarkable victory tally 28 Soviet aircraft had been brought down by him in slightly more than a fortnight. Half a year later, he would repeat this feat against the western allies over Tunisia. Reinert opened his score in the Tunisian war zone by downing a Curtiss P-40 on January 2, 1943. On January 11, 1943 he bagged four Spitfires, and on February 26, another four Allied fighters fell before his guns. His most successful days over Tunisia were March 13, and April 1, 1943, when he brought home five kills each day. On April 19, 1943, Reinert brought home his 150th victory, achieved against a Spitfire. With forty-nine kills from January through April 1943, Reinert was the most successful fighter ace during the Battle of Tunisia. In August 1943 he was appointed Staffelkapitän 1./JG 77, and in 1945 he assumed command of IV./JG 27. One month later, Reinert was awarded with the Swords to the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves. Reinert carried out more than seven hundred combat sorties between June 1941 and May 1945. He was credited with 174 victories (103 on the Eastern Front), plus 16 aircraft and 10 tanks destroyed on the ground.

Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert (2 February 1919 – 5 September 2007) was a German former Luftwaffe fighter ace and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords during World War II. A flying ace or fighter ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down five or more enemy aircraft during aerial combat.[1] The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert was born 2 February 1919 in Lindenthal. After gaining his wings in April 1939 Reinert joined Ergänzungsgruppe/JG 77 in Vienna in April 1941. Shortly afterwards, he was transferred to 4./JG 77, taking part in Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of Russia. On 7 February 1942 Feldwebel Reinert was awarded the Ehrenpokal der Luftwaffe for 24 victories, flying with II./JG 77 at Sarabus in the Crimea in March 1942. He was awarded the Deutsches Kreuz in Gold in May for 44 claims, before passing fifty claims in early June. The Ritterkreuz was awarded on 1 July 1942. On 23 July, he was shot down and wounded by a Petlyakov Pe-2 twin-engined bomber over Plaskaja. A period in hospital followed. Reinert returned to the front in September. On 3 October Fw. Reinert passed the century mark with three claims. On 6 October he was awarded the Eichenlaub for 103 victories.

Leutnant Reinert (left) and Feldwebel Maximilian Volke standing next to Hans-Joachim Marseille's "Otto" Kübelwagen, April 1943[2]

He was posted with the unit to Tunisia in December 1942 flying operations from east of Tripoli in Libya to support the Afrika Korps. Although heavily outnumbered, Reinert continued to score heavily where he became one of the most successful Luftwaffe 'experten' during that period of combat. One of his victims on 16 April was a Spitfire flown by 244 Wing leader and ace Wing Commander Ian Gleed. On 20 April Reinert was promoted to the rank of Leutnant.

Having been ordered to evacuate from Tunisia Lt. Reinert was ordered to fly to Sicily. Reinert took the controls of a Bf 109 G with Oblt. Baeumel and a mechanic crammed into the machine. En route to Sicily Reinert sighted a formation of Royal Navy Grumman Martlets and swung his overloaded fighter behind one of the British aircraft to shoot it down. Reinert then flew on safely to Sicily, to the relief of his passengers.

On 8 August Reinert was forced to ditch his G-6 in the sea near Milazzo after combat with P-40's. Reinert was then appointed Staffelführer of 3./JG 77 in October 1943 and then Staffelkapitän of 1./JG 77. In December he shot down a Supermarine Spitfire over Monte Cassino for his 165th claim. Early in 1944 Reinert was ill with malaria, and in April 1944 was transferred to Austria as a Staffelkapitän to JG 27 as an Oberleutnant.

JG 27 was transferred in June to the invasion front, flying over Caen and claiming a P-47 Thunderbolt on 27 June. Two further victories over Normandy followed, although Reinert was injured on 17 June and 5 July. Reinert's 12./JG 27 was redesignated as 14 Staffel in August and was withdrawn to Germany for refitting. Oberleutnant Reinert was then appointed Gruppenkommandeur of IV./JG 27 on 1 January 1945. Hauptmann Reinert was awarded the Schwerter on 30 January 1945. In March he transferred to JG 7 flying the Me 262.

Reinert flew 715 combat missions and was officially credited with shooting down 174 enemy aircraft plus 16 ground victories.[3] 103 claims were made on the Eastern Front, 20 on the Western Front, and 51 in the Mediterranean theatre. He also destroyed 16 armoured vehicles plus 6 locomotives.

Later life

After World War II up until the fifties, Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert pursued a career in business. In 1956 he rejoined the military service in the Bundeswehr as Major. Oberstleutnant Reinert retired in 1972.[3]

Awards

Wound Badge in Silver[4]
Ehrenpokal der Luftwaffe (7 February 1942)[5]
Front Flying Clasp of the Luftwaffe in Gold with Pennant "700"[4]
Combined Pilots-Observation Badge[4]
Iron Cross (1939)
2nd Class (1941)
1st Class (29 September 1941)
German Cross in Gold on 18 May 1942 as Unteroffizier in the II./JG 77[6]
Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords
Knight's Cross on 1 July 1942 as Unteroffizier and pilot in the 4./JG 77[7]
131st Oak Leaves on 7 October 1942 as Feldwebel and pilot in the 4./JG 77[7]
130th Swords on 1 February 1945 as Oberleutnant and Staffelkapitän of the 12./JG 27[7]

Asisbiz database list of 108 aerial victories for Ernst Wilhelm 'Erwi' Reinert

Date Name Unit A/c Type Height Time Comments
Tuesday, June 02, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 DB-3      
Friday, June 05, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 I-153   09:25  
Saturday, June 06, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 LaGG-3   19:30  
Tuesday, June 09, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 I-16 Rata   13:07  
Tuesday, June 09, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 I-16 Rata   16:28  
Tuesday, June 09, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 I-15 Rata   19:12  
Wednesday, July 08, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 MiG-1 1000m 17:05 83 851
Friday, July 10, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 -   17:54  
Friday, July 10, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 -   17:56  
Saturday, July 11, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 LaGG-3   05:30  
Saturday, July 11, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 Yak-4   06:05  
Saturday, July 11, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 LaGG-3   05:20  
Sunday, July 12, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-40 Warhawk      
Sunday, July 19, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 Pe-2   06:24  
Sunday, July 19, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 Pe-2   06:35  
Sunday, July 19, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
  06:38  
Saturday, September 05, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 LaGG-3 500m 17:27 82 154
Saturday, September 05, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 LaGG-3 2000m 17:23 82 114
Saturday, September 05, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
150m 17:20 82 141
Wednesday, September 09, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 Pe-2 6200m 15:12 92 734
Friday, September 11, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 DB-7 3500m 16:18 92 514
Friday, September 11, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 DB-7 4600m 16:21 92 394
Saturday, September 12, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 LaGG-3 2800m 15:55 92 592
Saturday, September 12, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 LaGG-3 2700m 16:00 92 341
Tuesday, September 15, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 Yak-1 2300m 10:20 92 513
Tuesday, September 15, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 Yak-1 1800m 13:58 92 383
Wednesday, September 16, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
300m 06:41 92 372
Wednesday, September 16, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 Hurricane 1200m 06:51 92 411
Wednesday, September 16, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
50m 06:43 92 353
Wednesday, September 16, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 Hurricane 1000m 06:49 92 364
Wednesday, September 30, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 Yak-1 3200m 15:13 93 494
Friday, October 02, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 Pe-2 7300m 06:46 62 362
Saturday, October 03, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
200m 14:11 62 324
Saturday, October 03, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
50m 14:17 62 142
Saturday, October 03, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 Yak-1 350m 14:17 63 924
Saturday, October 03, 1942 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 Yak-1 400m 14:20 73 722
Saturday, January 02, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 1500m 15:07 70km WSW Buerat
Thursday, January 07, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 2./JG77 Spitfire 4500m 12:03 10km SE Bou Arada
Monday, January 11, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 Spitfire 3500m 09:21 26km S Hdjem
Monday, January 11, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 5./JG77 Spitfire 3600m 09:24 48km SW Zarzur
Monday, January 11, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 3700m 09:27 40km SSW Zarzur
Monday, January 11, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 5200m 14:35 38km E Zidjen
Monday, January 11, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 3400m 14:56 26km ENE Zidjen
Monday, January 18, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-38 Lightning 7300m 14:17 28km SSW Izizia
Tuesday, January 19, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 B-24 Liberator 6000m 15:05 190km N Tunis
Wednesday, January 20, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 1500m 11:30 12km SW Tarbuna
Wednesday, January 20, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 2000m 11:34 3km N Tarbuna
Friday, February 05, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 1800m 15:07 8km E Ben Gerdane
Friday, February 05, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 2000m 15:03 15km NW Ben Gerdane
Tuesday, February 23, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 Spitfire 800m 13:50 86442 8km NW Thala
Tuesday, February 23, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 200m 16:48 10km S Kasserine
Friday, February 26, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 2900m 13:56 04121 NE Gabes
Friday, February 26, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 2500m 13:58 04182 15km SE Gabes
Friday, February 26, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 500m 14:03 09273 18km NE Zarat
Friday, February 26, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 20m 14:08 15km NW Adjnia
Saturday, February 27, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 50m 11:32 04144
Saturday, February 27, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 50m 11:35 18km ESE Gabes
Monday, March 01, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-38 Lightning 200m 15:07 50km ssE Sbeitla
Monday, March 01, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-38 Lightning 300m 15:09 32km SE Sbeitla
Monday, March 01, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 Baltimore 800m 15:02 35km SE Sbeitla
Sunday, March 07, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 Spitfire 2500m 12:18 12km SE Medenine
Sunday, March 07, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 Spitfire 1500m 14:54 15km SW Medenine
Saturday, March 13, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   14:47 Time confliction
Saturday, March 13, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 2000m 14:42 20km SW Gabes
Saturday, March 13, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-39 Aircobra 100m 17:44 50km WSW Sfax
Saturday, March 13, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-39 Aircobra Low Level 17:48 15km SE La Fauconnerie
Saturday, March 13, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-39 Aircobra Low Level 17:56 57km SE La Fauconnerie
Saturday, March 13, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-39 Aircobra Low Level 18:00 13km NW Maknassy
Saturday, March 13, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-39 Aircobra Low Level 17:56 47km SW La Fauconnerie
Friday, March 26, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 1./JG77 Spitfire   10:36  
Monday, March 29, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 800m 09:22 15km SW La Fauconnerie
Monday, March 29, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   09:26  
Monday, March 29, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-40 Warhawk      
Tuesday, March 30, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 A-20 Boston 2500m 09:10 22km NNW Maknassy
Tuesday, March 30, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 A-20 Boston 200m 09:15 40km SE Sbeitla
Thursday, April 01, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 Spitfire 800m 18:08 25km ENE El Guetter
Thursday, April 01, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 Spitfire 3500m 10:32 6km SW La Fauconnerie
Thursday, April 01, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 Spitfire 1200m 10:37 25km NW La Fauconnerie
Thursday, April 01, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 Spitfire 300m 10:40 50km NW La Fauconnerie
Thursday, April 01, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 Spitfire 1600m 18:06 31km ESE El Guetter
Sunday, April 04, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 50m 14:31 33km NW La Fauconnerie
Sunday, April 04, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk   14:32 Time confliction
Sunday, April 04, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk Low Level 14:42 25km N La Fauconnerie
Sunday, April 04, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 4200m 14:28 20km NW La Fauconnerie
Friday, April 16, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-51 Mustang 50m 15:49 25km SW Cap Bon
Monday, April 19, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-51 Mustang 50m 08:32 27km ESE Tunis
Sunday, April 25, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-39 Aircobra 3000m 13:02 5km NE Medjez el Bab
Sunday, April 25, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 Spitfire 100m 18:47 2km S Reyville
Thursday, May 06, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 Spitfire 3000m 10:55 35km SSW Tunis
Saturday, May 08, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 Martlet 20m 16:37 08824
Saturday, August 07, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 1500m 11:45 20km NW Palmi (Calabria)
Saturday, August 07, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 1000m 11:54 25km W Palmi (Calabria)
Thursday, August 12, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 Spitfire   16:08 59 534
Friday, August 13, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 3000m 10:54 20km NW Milazzo
Friday, August 13, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 3000m 10:55 15km N Milazzo
Friday, August 13, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 2800m 10:45 35km W Palmi
Wednesday, August 18, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 5000m 19:19 59 694
Wednesday, August 18, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 4./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk   19:21 59 822 15km S Palmi (Calabria)
Friday, October 22, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 3./JG77 B-25 Mitchell   11:50  
Tuesday, December 07, 1943 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 1./JG77 Spitfire   15:10  
Monday, April 24, 1944 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert VFS 1./JG27 B-17 Fortress e.V. 7000m 13:39 CC-8/DC-2 (5km SW Munchen)
Sunday, May 28, 1944 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 12./JG27 P-51 Mustang 7800m 14:29 Dessau
Monday, May 29, 1944 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 12./JG27 P-51 Mustang 8800m 09:45 Sankt-Polten
Tuesday, June 27, 1944 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 12./JG27 P-51 Mustang   15:45 West of Caen
Sunday, July 02, 1944 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 12./JG27 P-47 Thunderbolt 4200m 15:12 15km NW Orne-Mundung
Tuesday, July 04, 1944 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 12./JG27 Spitfire 2500m 18:12 UU-58 (SE Caen)
Thursday, November 02, 1944 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 14./JG27 P-51 Mustang 9600m 12:50 Eilenburg (NE Leipzig)
Thursday, November 02, 1944 Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert 14./JG27 P-51 Mustang   12:50 Eilenburg

Bibliography:

  • Berger, Florian (2000). Mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern. Die höchstdekorierten Soldaten des Zweiten Weltkrieges. Selbstverlag Florian Berger. ISBN 3-9501307-0-5.
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939-1945. Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5.
  • Michulec, Robert (2002). Luftwaffe at War/Luftwaffe Aces of the Western Front. London: Greenhill Books. ISBN 1-85367-486-9.
  • Obermaier, Ernst (1989). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe Jagdflieger 1939 - 1945 (in German). Mainz, Germany: Verlag Dieter Hoffmann. ISBN 3-87341-065-6.
  • Schaulen, Fritjof (2005). Eichenlaubträger 1940 - 1945 Zeitgeschichte in Farbe III Radusch - Zwernemann (in German). Selent, Germany: Pour le Mérite. ISBN 3-932381-22-X.
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
  • Spick, Mike (1996). Luftwaffe Fighter Aces. New York: Ivy Books. ISBN 0-8041-1696-2.

Knights Cross

Horst Schlick

Asisbiz database list of 41 aerial victories for Horst Schlick

Units: 1./JG-77 (1/42 S.U.), 4./JG-77 (11/44), JG-7 (4/45)

Awards: DK-G(10/17/43), EP, EK 1 & 2, Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Bf 109E-7 WNr 6389 'White 4' (40% combat dam, crash land 3/17/42, Ufer des Donez), Bf 109F & G, Bf 109G-14 WNr 512382 'Blue 3' in 4/JG-77, Me 262

Remarks: 480 combat missions. A Soviet victory, an R-5 on 15 March, 1942. His 3rd victory was a Spitfire V over Malta on 8 July, 1942. Another Spitfire V, his 4th, was downed over Malta on 22 July. His 5th, a Hurricane over Malta on 12 August, 1942. His 9th, a P-40 over Malta on 2 November, 1942. His 14th, a P-40E on 14 January, 1943. His 15, a P-38 on 28 January, 1943. His 18th & 19th victories were two P-40's in the Desert on 26 February, 1943. His 21st, a Spitfire on 4 May, 1943. His 22nd, a P-40 on 5 May, 1943. His 30th, a P-51 2 km SE of Guardea Italy, NE of Viterbo, on 18 April, 1944. His 31st, a P-47 in the Aachen area on 12 October, 1944. His 32nd, a P-38 at Bande/Ardennes on 24 December, 1944. Werk # 6389 was Clausen's old AC.

Asisbiz database list of 32 aerial victories for Horst Schlick

Date Name Unit A/c Type Height Time Comments
Sunday, March 15, 1942 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 R-5   08:45 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
Wednesday, July 08, 1942 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 Spitfire   06:45 Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
Monday, July 20, 1942 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 Spitfire   14:04 Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
Wednesday, July 22, 1942 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 Spitfire   11:38 Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
Wednesday, August 12, 1942 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 Hurricane   09:33 Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
Saturday, October 03, 1942 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 Spitfire     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
Tuesday, October 06, 1942 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 Spitfire   - Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
Sunday, October 11, 1942 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 Spitfire     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
Tuesday, October 13, 1942 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 Spitfire   - La Valetta
Sunday, November 01, 1942 Horst Schlick 3./JG77 P-40 Warhawk     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
Monday, November 02, 1942 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-40 Warhawk     Bir-el-Abd based
Tuesday, November 10, 1942 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-40 Warhawk     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
Wednesday, November 11, 1942 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-40 Warhawk     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
Tuesday, December 08, 1942 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-40 Warhawk     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
Sunday, December 13, 1942 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 Spitfire     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
Thursday, January 14, 1943 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-40E Warhawk     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
Thursday, January 28, 1943 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-38 Lightning     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
Monday, February 08, 1943 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-38 Lightning     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
Monday, February 08, 1943 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 B-25 Mitchell e.V     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
Tuesday, February 09, 1943 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-38 Lightning     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
Friday, February 26, 1943 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-40 Warhawk     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
Friday, February 26, 1943 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   17:18 Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
Sunday, March 07, 1943 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 Spitfire     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
Tuesday, May 04, 1943 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 Spitfire     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
Wednesday, May 05, 1943 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-40 Warhawk     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
Wednesday, July 28, 1943 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-51 Mustang 2000m 15:25 500m S Cap Orlando
Wednesday, July 28, 1943 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 Auflkarer     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
Friday, August 20, 1943 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-38 Lightning     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
Tuesday, August 31, 1943 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 B-24 Liberator w.b.     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
Tuesday, August 31, 1943 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 B-24 Liberator 4500m 13:35 53 513
Thursday, September 02, 1943 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-38 Lightning 500m 13:32 31 152
Thursday, September 02, 1943 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-38 Lightning 500m 13:35 31 153
Saturday, September 04, 1943 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 B-17 Fortress     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
Tuesday, September 07, 1943 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 B-17 Fortress     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
Thursday, September 09, 1943 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 B-24 Liberator     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
Thursday, September 16, 1943 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-38 Lightning     Sudfront (MTO & North Africa)
Tuesday, September 28, 1943 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 Beaufighter   13:46 03183 (Mediterranean)
Sunday, January 30, 1944 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 B-17 Fortress 7500m 11:56 14 Ost N/36169 (Udine area)
Tuesday, April 18, 1944 Horst Schlick 1./JG77 P-51 Mustang Low Level 15:02 2km SE Guardea (NE Viterbo)
Thursday, October 12, 1944 Horst Schlick 4./JG77 P-47 Thunderbolt 4000m 15:10 6115
Sunday, December 24, 1944 Horst Schlick 4./JG77 P-38 Lightning 4500m 09:35 QL 6 (Bande/Ardennes)

Luftwaffe Badge

Wilhelm Karl Drude (Willy Drude) Born 19th May 1922 in Bremen

Units: 7./JG77

Awards: Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Bf 109 G-14 7./JG 77 WNr 463244

Remarks: attended and was assigned to 7 Staffel II Gruppe Jagdgeschw 77 POW Dec 26th 1944

Asisbiz no known list of aerial victories for Wilhelm Karl Drude

Luftwaffe Badge

Wolfgang Ernst

Units: 8 & 9/JG-77 (9/42 S.U.), Stab III/JG-77 (8/43), Stfkpt 9/JG-77 (4/44), I/JG-1 (5/44), Acting Kdr I/JG-53 (1/45)

Awards: DK-G(10/17/43), EP, EK 1 & 2, Wound Badge, Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Bf 109F-4/R1 WNr 13250 (force-land @ Petroskaja 5/22/42, 20% dam; radiator hit), Fw 190A-8 WNr 350151 'White 231' (lost 7/6/44) in JG-77, Fw 190A-8 in JG-1

Remarks: His first known Soviet victory, two LaGG-3's on 10 September, 1942. A LaGG-3 and an Il-2 on 12 September, 1942. One known Desert victory, a Kittyhawk on 25 February, 1943. His 23rd victory, in Sicily, was a B-25 on 18 June, 1943. His 25th, a P 40E over Sardinia on 30 July, 1943. Another, a P-40 29 km east of Iolesias, 28 August, 1943. A 27th & 28th, both B-24's in the Balkan Campaign, on 4 April, 1944. Wounded in aerial combat over Romania. Shot down and bailed successfully (with a broken arm) by a P-38J-10 of 429FS, flown by Lt Robert C. Milliken, over the Mamers area. His 29th, a P-38 in the Argentan area on 6 July, 1944. Shot down in 'White 231' shortly after this encounter. He was the last commander (briefly) of III/JG-53, from 4/45 to 2 May, 1945. Deceased January, 1993.

Asisbiz database list of 26 aerial victories for Wolfgang Ernst

Date Name Unit A/c Type Height Time Comments
Thursday, September 10, 1942 Wolfgang Ernst 8./JG77 LaGG-3 2500m 16:40 10 282
Thursday, September 10, 1942 Wolfgang Ernst 8./JG77 LaGG-3 3500m 16:35 10 191
Saturday, September 12, 1942 Wolfgang Ernst 8./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
10-20m 18:42 10 512
Saturday, September 12, 1942 Wolfgang Ernst 8./JG77 LaGG-3 2000m 08:45 20 144
Sunday, January 10, 1943 Wolfgang Ernst 9./JG77 Spitfire     Fliegerfuhrer Afrika
Thursday, January 14, 1943 Wolfgang Ernst 9./JG77 P-40E Warhawk 3000m 11:25 42282 Fliegerfuhrer Afrika
Thursday, January 14, 1943 Wolfgang Ernst 9./JG77 P-40E Warhawk 3500m 11:10 52312 Fliegerfuhrer Afrika
Sunday, January 31, 1943 Wolfgang Ernst 4./JG77 P-38 Lightning 150m 12:55 94 111 Fliegerfuhrer Afrika
Sunday, January 31, 1943 Wolfgang Ernst 9./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk     Fliegerfuhrer Afrika
Tuesday, February 02, 1943 Wolfgang Ernst 9./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 800m 08:30 95381 vicinity Sened Fliegerfuhrer Afrika
Monday, February 08, 1943 Wolfgang Ernst 9./JG77 P-38 Lightning 1500m 12:47 20km W Djebel Mannsour Fliegerfuhrer Afrika
Monday, February 15, 1943 Wolfgang Ernst 9./JG77 Spitfire 100m 07:50 86862 Fliegerfuhrer Afrika
Friday, February 26, 1943 Wolfgang Ernst 9./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 200m 08:40 04194 Fliegerfuhrer Afrika
Friday, June 18, 1943 Wolfgang Ernst 9./JG77 B-25 Mitchell 800m 10:08 9285 Jafu Sizilien
Thursday, June 24, 1943 Wolfgang Ernst 9./JG77 P-38F Lightning 200m 10:03 8172/04 Ost Jafu Sizilien
Friday, July 30, 1943 Wolfgang Ernst 9./JG77 P-40E Warhawk 100m 10:10 50km SW Oristano (Sardinia) Jafu Sud-Italien
Saturday, August 28, 1943 Wolfgang Ernst Stab III./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 2000m 10:06 29km E Iolesias Jafu Sud-Italien
Saturday, September 11, 1943 Wolfgang Ernst 9./JG77 Cant 1007 100m 10:32 9239 Jafu Sud-Italien
Saturday, September 11, 1943 Wolfgang Ernst 9./JG77 Breda 88 100m 10:33 9239 Jafu Sud-Italien
Saturday, September 11, 1943 Wolfgang Ernst 9./JG77 Breda 88 30m 10:40 9275 Jafu Sud-Italien
Tuesday, April 04, 1944 Wolfgang Ernst 9./JG77 B-24 Liberator 6400m 14:05 24 Ost N/UN-3 (SW Budesti)
Tuesday, April 04, 1944 Wolfgang Ernst 9./JG77 B-24 Liberator 7600m 13:55 6555
Wednesday, April 05, 1944 Wolfgang Ernst 9./JG77 B-24 Liberator      
Wednesday, April 05, 1944 Wolfgang Ernst 9./JG77 B-24 Liberator      
Thursday, July 06, 1944 Wolfgang Ernst 9./JG77 P-38 Lightning   16:15 Raum Argentan
Sunday, December 24, 1944 Wolfgang Ernst 6./JG53 B-26 Marauder      

Luftwaffe Badge

Gerhard Hanf

Units: 8 & 9/JG-77 (9/42 S.U.), Stab III/JG-77 (8/43), Stfkpt 9/JG-77 (4/44), I/JG-1 (5/44), Acting Kdr I/JG-53 (1/45)

Awards: DK-G(10/17/43), EP, EK 1 & 2, Wound Badge, Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Bf 109F-4/R1 WNr 13250 (force-land @ Petroskaja 5/22/42, 20% dam; radiator hit), Fw 190A-8 WNr 350151 'White 231' (lost 7/6/44) in JG-77, Fw 190A-8 in JG-1

Remarks: His first known Soviet victory, two LaGG-3's on 10 September, 1942. A LaGG-3 and an Il-2 on 12 September, 1942. One known Desert victory, a Kittyhawk on 25 February, 1943. His 23rd victory, in Sicily, was a B-25 on 18 June, 1943. His 25th, a P 40E over Sardinia on 30 July, 1943. Another, a P-40 29 km east of Iolesias, 28 August, 1943. A 27th & 28th, both B-24's in the Balkan Campaign, on 4 April, 1944. Wounded in aerial combat over Romania. Shot down and bailed successfully (with a broken arm) by a P-38J-10 of 429FS, flown by Lt Robert C. Milliken, over the Mamers area. His 29th, a P-38 in the Argentan area on 6 July, 1944. Shot down in 'White 231' shortly after this encounter. He was the last commander (briefly) of III/JG-53, from 4/45 to 2 May, 1945. Deceased January, 1993.

Asisbiz database list of 5 aerial victories for Gerhard Hanf

Date Name Unit A/c Type Height Time Comments
Friday, April 21, 1944 Gerhard Hanf 9./JG77 P-51 Mustang 5500m 12:12 65 159 Jafu Balkan/Lw.Kdo. Sudost:
Sunday, May 07, 1944 Gerhard Hanf 9./JG77 P-38 Lightning 1200m 11:32 44 431 50m (SW Bucharest)
Friday, July 07, 1944 Gerhard Hanf 9./JG77 P-47 Thunderbolt   - -
Friday, July 14, 1944 Gerhard Hanf 9./JG77 P-47 Thunderbolt 1300m - -
Sunday, July 30, 1944 Gerhard Hanf 9./JG77 P-47 Thunderbolt 1000m 15:13 AS-5 (Villedieu)

Knights Cross

Gunther Hannak

Units: Stab I(J)/LG-2 (5/41), I/JG-77 (4/42), Stfkpt 7/JG-27 ('43 Med)

Awards: RK(7/1/42), DK-G(6/8/42), EK 1 & 2, Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Bf 109E & F, Bf 109G-6 WNr 18046 'White ?''GP+IZ' (lost 5/5/43)

Remarks: POW On 5 May, 1943, on a reconnaissance flight near Malta, he had to ditch his G-6 due to engine failure, and was taken prisoner. About 300 missions. One known western victory, a a Spitfire at Amphiklia on 19 April, 1941. 35 victories were in the East. His first known Soviet victory, his 6th, an I-16 Rata on 16 January, 1942. Two more unidentified Soviet AC, his 7th & 8th, on 21 January, 1942. Scored his 9th & 10th victories on 23 January, again, both 'unidentified'. His 15th, another 'unidentified AC' on 4 February, 1942. His 20th Soviet victory came on 16 February, 1942. His 34th, a Soviet I-16 Rata of 271 IAP on 9 March, 1942. Five victories (!) on 7 May, 1942; three LaGG-3's, an I-16 Rata and an I-180. A I-15 and an I-180 on 9 May, 1942. An R-5 on 11 June, 1942. Bowers/Lednicer, 47 victories.

Asisbiz database list of 45 out of 49 aerial victories for Gunther Hannak

Date Name Unit A/c Type Height Time Comments
15-Apr-41 Gunther Hannak Stab I.(J)LG2 Blenheim 7500m   Larissa
19-Apr-41 Gunther Hannak Stab I.(J)LG2 Spitfire     Amphiklia
16-May-41 Gunther Hannak Stab I.(J)LG2 Hurricane I      
23-May-41 Gunther Hannak Stab I.(J)LG2 Blenheim 7000m   S. Malemes
23-May-41 Gunther Hannak Stab I.(J)LG2 Blenheim      
16-Jan-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77 I-16 Rata      
21-Jan-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77        
21-Jan-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77        
23-Jan-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77        
23-Jan-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77        
24-Jan-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77        
03-Feb-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77        
03-Feb-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77        
03-Feb-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77        
04-Feb-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77        
11-Feb-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77 I-153      
11-Feb-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77 I-153      
16-Feb-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77        
16-Feb-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77        
16-Feb-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77        
01-Mar-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77 I-26   11:25  
01-Mar-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77 I-301   11:36  
02-Mar-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77 R-10   10:11  
04-Mar-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77 R-10   11:35  
09-Mar-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77 I-16 Rata   16:50  
15-Mar-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77 I-180   15:57  
16-Mar-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77 I-301   10:10  
24-Mar-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77 R-5   17:20  
07-May-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77 LaGG-3   14:10  
07-May-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77 I-16 Rata   14:18  
07-May-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77 LaGG-3   16:43  
07-May-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77 I-180   16:47  
07-May-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77 LaGG-3   18:46  
09-May-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77 I-180   15:26  
09-May-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77 I-15 Rata   15:22  
11-May-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77 Pe-2   10:40  
11-May-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77 Pe-2   10:41  
17-May-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77 I-180   15:20  
17-May-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77 I-180   15:21  
18-May-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77 I-16 Rata   17:30  
18-May-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77 I-16 Rata   17:35  
18-May-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77 I-16 Rata   17:44  
11-Jun-42 Gunther Hannak 1./JG77 R-5   09:40  
12-Apr-43 Gunther Hannak 7./JG27 Spitfire Low Level 17:34 South of Cape Passero (Sicily)
12-Apr-43 Gunther Hannak 7./JG27 Spitfire   17:22 South of Cape Passero (Sicily)

Knights Cross

Wolf Dietrich Huy

Units: Orig. Naval Offz., Stab II/TrGr-186 (5/40), I./JG-77 (10/42), Stfkpt 7./JG-77 ( 7/41 SU & N.Africa)

Awards: RK(7/5/41)-EL(3/17/42), EP(1/23/42), EK 1 & 2, Wound Badge, Fighter Operational Clasp w/Pendant

Known Aircraft: Bf 109E-7 WNr 4931 'White 2' in 7/JG-77, Bf 109F WNr 8334 'White 1' (7/41), Bf 109F-4 WNr 8282 (25% dam 7/9/41; hit obstruction, pilot OK), Bf 109F-4 WNr 7111 'White 3' (25% dam 1/23/42; WIA at Tarpowka, combat, force landed), Bf 109G-2 WNr 13633 'White 1' (lost 10/28/42)

Remarks: POW 28 October, 1942. Shot down in 'White 1' by Spitfires over the lines near Alamein and taken prisoner. Near Crete, he damaged and sunk several warships during strafing attacks. Wounded seriously in Russia in 1942. Over 500 missions. 37 victories in Russia. First two victories were at Dunkirk, one a Spitfire on 31 May, 1940, while in TrGr-186. His 31st, a Soviet SB-2 on 5 January, 1942. His 32nd and 33rd, both I-301's on 15 January, 1942. His 34th & 35th victories, both 'unidentified AC' on 19 January, 1942. An I-153 on 1 March, 1942. A double on 5 March, 1942; a MiG-3 and an I-16 Rata. A Yak-1 on 16 September, 1942. His 40th, and last victory, was a Spitfire V of RAF No. 33 Sq. in the El Alamein area on 28 October, 1942. Bowers/Lednicer, 40 victories. Deceased 13 July, 2003. Flugbuch.

Asisbiz Database of 13 out of 40 aerial victories for Wolfdieter Huy

Date Name Unit A/c Type Height Time Comments
31-May-40 Wolfdieter Huy Stab II./JG186 Spitfire     Dunkirk
05-Jan-42 Wolfdieter Huy 7./JG77 SB-2      
06-Jan-42 Wolfdieter Huy 7./JG77 DB-3   12.05  
15-Jan-42 Wolfdieter Huy 7./JG77 I-301   13.20  
15-Jan-42 Wolfdieter Huy 7./JG77 I-301   13.25  
19-Jan-42 Wolfdieter Huy 7./JG77        
19-Jan-42 Wolfdieter Huy 7./JG77        
01-Mar-42 Wolfdieter Huy 7./JG77 I-153   15.22  
05-Mar-42 Wolfdieter Huy 7./JG77 I-16 Rata   17.17 56 73
05-Mar-42 Wolfdieter Huy 7./JG77 MiG-3 1800m 09.35 56 67
16-Sep-42 Wolfdieter Huy 7./JG77 Yak-1 6000m 07.44 00 282
28-Oct-42 Wolfdieter Huy 7./JG77 Spitfire      
04-Oct-43 Wolfdieter Huy ? 1./ZG76 B-17 Fortress   11.28 Koln

On November 4th 1942, 6 Bf-109s from 8.JG77 and 6 Fighter aircraft from Flight A of 112 Squadron RAF met in the skies above North Africa. One of these aircraft was black 6, A name which is familiar to any aviation enthusiast. Although in the ensuing dog fight no kills were claimed by either side Black 6 was damaged, Possibly by F.Sgt D Brown who had fired rounds at one of the enemies which he noted had "Black 6" on the side. Lt. Heinz Ludermann, who was the pilot of Black 6 that day, was forced to make an emergency landing at Quotafiyas which had been abandoned by his fellow countryman. Despite injury, Ludermann managed to evade capture and made it back to his unit leaving his aircraft, which had only been in service for 3 weeks, behind at the airfield.

On either the 9th or 10th of November, the airfield was captured by the commonwealth and the discovery of "Black 6" was reported. Ken McRea of 239 Wing RAF wrote CV on the fuselage, the codes of his squadron, painting over the German insignia. Whilst in the process of doing this, 3 Army officers appeared claiming to be Intelligence appeared wanting to know what McRea was doing with the 109. When he explained that he was taking it back to the squadron so that his CO could evaluate it's capabilities the 3 intelligence offices disagreed, saying that they were going to evaluate the new 109. Eventually McRea won the argument saying that the intelligence officers could take the data plates of it saying where all the parts were manufactured and the aircraft would go to 3 squadron. As the intelligence officers were leaving their final remark was "We'll get it anyway" McRea's reply was: "Maybe, but not before we've flown it!"

The next morning Black 6 was towed back to squadron, repaired and 3 days later Bobby Gibbes, the squadron CO, test flew the machine now known to be and "Me-109 G." Eventually the intelligence officers did get the 109 and Bobby Gibbes flew it back to the Delta area. The squadron then heard that the intelligence people had "Pranged it" and the aircraft was repaired by 3 Squadron RAAF mechanics. During the repairs "Black 6" had RAF markingsapplies although very poorly to cover up the German crosses. On the 15th of November Bobby Gibbes flew the aircraft escort by 2 P-40's from Gambut to Gazela.

The aircraft was then relocated to an airfield near Palestine where the machine was overhauled once again and repainted. Combat trials were then started fly Black 6 against a Spitfire Mk IX. Black 6 was then shipped to Great Britain where she was included in 1426 EA (Enemy Aircraft) Flight in November 1943 where she was registered as RN288. On the 15th of February 1944 the aircraft was flown for the first time in Great Britain where combat trials were put in place flying the 109 against the Allies latest fighters including the Tempest and Hellcat. She was alls displayed several where the engine was damaged so a new DB 605 A was put in place which was found by Soldiers in Libya of 112 Squadron RAF. When the flight was disbanded the aircraft was then put into storage at Tangmere.

In 1953 Black 6 received German markings once again for the Horse Guard parade. RAF markings were covered up by painting over them in 2 different paints.

Probably Black and Brown or Olive Drab. Black 6 was restored at RAF Benson to flying condition and was flown at air shows across the UK until an unfortunate crash grounded her.

Knights-Cross

Eduard Isken

Units: 7./JG-77 (6/42 S.U.), 8./JG-77 (7/42 S.U.), 3./JGr-200 (6/44), 2./JGr-200 (8/44), I(F)/123, 13./JG-53 (1/45)

Awards: RK(1/14/45), DK-G(4/28/43), EP(7/26/43), EK 1 & 2, Wound Badge, Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Bf 109F-4 WNr 7089 (10/41 S.U.), Bf 109F-4 WNr 7138 (1/42), Bf 109F-4/R1 WNr 13246 (lost 6/13/42; force land, ground fire Slawjansk area), Bf 109G 'Black 6'

Remarks: Channel pilot. Served on all fronts including the Balkan campaign and Russia. At least 5 victories in the desert. 16 victories in the East. His first known Soviet victory, an I-153 on 4 January, 1942. An I-16 Rata on 12 May, 1942. An I-180 on 18 May, 1942. A UT-2 on 19 May, 1942. His 19th & 20th, both I-153's on 4 July, 1942. An RZ on 24 July, 1942. Two P-38's over Sardinia on 24 June, 1943. 17 four engine bombers. One known victory, while in JGr-200, a P-38 at Orange on 15 June, 1944. Another, a B-24 80 km S of Toulon on 12 July, 1944. A B-17 at Valence on 14 July, 1944. A Spitfire NE of Hyeres on 12 August, 1944. His 40th victory, same day, a P-47 N of St Maximin. His 49th, a B-26 in the Ardennes sector on 24 December, 1944. His 56th, and last victory, a B-17 in the last days of April, 1945. 946 combat missions. Bailed out six times. Bowers/Lednicer, 56 victories. Deceased 7 January, 1997.

Asisbiz Database of 38 out of 56 aerial victories for Eduard Isken

Date Name Unit A/c Type Height Time Comments
04-Jan-42 Eduard Isken 7./JG77 I-153   10.35  
06-Jan-42 Eduard Isken 7./JG77 DB-3   12.35  
12-Jan-42 Eduard Isken 7./JG77 I-153      
12-May-42 Eduard Isken 7./JG77 I-16 Rata 700m 17.03 6025
18-May-42 Eduard Isken 7./JG77 I-180   05.20  
19-May-42 Eduard Isken 7./JG77 UT-2   15.25  
05-Jun-42 Eduard Isken 7./JG77 MiG-1   04.15  
06-Jun-42 Eduard Isken 7./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
10m 12.58 3544
18-Jun-42 Eduard Isken 7./JG77 LaGG-3   15.17  
04-Jul-42 Eduard Isken 7./JG77 I-153      
04-Jul-42 Eduard Isken 7./JG77 I-153      
05-Jul-42 Eduard Isken 8./JG77 Yak-1   17.22  
05-Jul-42 Eduard Isken 8./JG77 Yak-1 1500m 17.20 66 823
22-Jul-42 Eduard Isken 8./JG77 R-Zet   11.40  
23-Jul-42 Eduard Isken 8./JG77 Yak-1   13.45  
24-Jul-42 Eduard Isken 8./JG77 R-Zet   14.40  
04-Nov-42 Eduard Isken 8./JG77 Hurricane 5-10m 06.00 Flugplatz Quotaifiya
04-Nov-42 Eduard Isken 8./JG77 Hurricane 100m 06.01 3km N Quotaifiya
11-Dec-42 Eduard Isken 8./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   15.35  
16-Jan-43 Eduard Isken 7./JG77 P-38 Lightning      
31-Jan-43 Eduard Isken 8./JG77 P-38 Lightning 20m 12.44 94 144
03-Feb-43 Eduard Isken 8./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 1000m 16.47 86874
04-Apr-43 Eduard Isken 8./JG77 Spitfire 50m 13.55 06752
19-Apr-43 Eduard Isken 8./JG77 Spitfire      
25-Apr-43 Eduard Isken 8./JG77 P-40 Warhawk      
24-Jun-43 Eduard Isken 8./JG77 P-38 Lightning 100m 10.02 81 750 (Balkans)
24-Jun-43 Eduard Isken 8./JG77 P-38 Lightning 600m 09.55 81 731 (Balkans)
15-Jun-44 Eduard Isken 3./JGr./200 P-38 Lightning 400m 12.00 04 Ost S/QK-54 (Orange)
12-Jul-44 Eduard Isken 2./JGr./200 B-24 Liberator 6000m 10.48 04 Ost S/GM-3 (80km S Toulon)
14-Jul-44 Eduard Isken 2./JGr./200 B-17 Fortress 2000m 09.17 QK-QL (Valence)
11-Aug-44 Eduard Isken 2./JGr./200 P-47 Thunderbolt 8000m 18.12 DL-15
12-Aug-44 Eduard Isken 2./JGr./200 P-47 Thunderbolt 3000m 18.28 BM-7 (N St Maximin)
12-Aug-44 Eduard Isken 2./JGr./200 Spitfire 4000m 10.30 DN-12 (NE Hyeres)
14-Aug-44 Eduard Isken 2./JGr./200 P-51 Mustang 4000m 10.23 CM-68 (South France)
29-Oct-44 Eduard Isken 13./JG53 P-51 Mustang 3500m 11.45 US-7 (NE Karlsruhe)
24-Dec-44 Eduard Isken 13./JG53 B-26 Marauder      
01-Jan-45 Eduard Isken 13./JG53 Auster      

Luftwaffe Badge

Hans-Werner Renzow - Hans Werner 'Hannes' Renzow

Units: 8./JG-77 (11/42), III./JG-77 (4/44), 10./JG-77 (12/44)

Awards: DK-G, EP, EK 1 & 2, Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Bf 109F & G (Trop)

Remarks: His first victory, while in 8 Staffel, was a P-40 on 4 November, 1942 in Africa. His 2nd, also in 8 staffel, was a B-24 in n. Africa on 15 November, 1942. His 3rd, a P-40 on 15 February, 1943. His 4th, a Spitfire on 22 March, 1943. His 5th, a P 40E over Sardinia on 30 July, 1943. A B-24 in the Balkans on 5 April, 1944. His 9th, a B-17 on 24 April, 1944, no location. His 10th, a P-38 in the Ploesti area on 31 May, 1944. His 13th, a B-17 on 23 June, 1944, no location. His 14th & 15th, both P-47's in the Westerwald area on 23 December, 1944. Nos. 16 & 17, a Boston and an Il-2 on 17 February, 1945. Nos. 18 & 19, an La-7 and an Il-2 on 20 February, 1945. His 20th, a Pe-2 on 22 February, 1945. Nos. 21 & 22, both Soviet Bostons on 23 February, 1945. His 23rd, an Il-2 on 16 March, 1945.

Asisbiz Database of 24 aerial victories for Hans-Werner Renzow

Date Name Unit A/c Type Height Time Comments
Wednesday, November 04, 1942 Hans-Werner Renzow 8./JG77 P-40 Warhawk     *MTO - US ARMY MIDDLE EAST AF (USAMEAF): 9 B-24s bomb the Bengasi, Libya harbor, hitting 3 ships and claiming 1enemy fighter shot down. In Egypt, B-25s and P-40s attack motor transports and troops retreating W from the El Alamein battleline with British in pursuit; 10 Corps armor clashes with the rearguard S of Ghazal.
Sunday, November 15, 1942 Hans-Werner Renzow 8./JG77 B-24 Liberator   15:30 *MTO - TACTICAL OPERATIONS (9AF): In Libya, B-24s from 2 groups are sent to bomb Tripoli, but unfavorable weather prevents them from reaching the target; 1 group bombs a motor convoy, as well as an airfield and crowded roads in the Bengasi area; P-40s fly sweeps and fighter-bomber mission s against the retreating enemy W of Martuba; Martuba Airfields are captured by British 10 Corps and are soon occupied by the 57FG.
Monday, February 15, 1943 Hans-Werner Renzow 8./JG77 P-40 Warhawk      
Monday, March 22, 1943 Hans-Werner Renzow 8./JG77 Spitfire      
Friday, July 30, 1943 Hans-Werner Renzow 8./JG77 P-40E Warhawk 2500m 09:45 04 Ost S/81/4/7/2 (Sardinia)
Friday, September 24, 1943 Hans-Werner Renzow 8./JG77 Beaufighter 100m - -
Tuesday, April 04, 1944 Hans-Werner Renzow Stab III./JG77 B-24 Liberator     *MTO - STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (15AF): 300+ B-17s and B-24s attack Bucharest, Rumania; both hit marshalling yards and the B-24s also hit an air depot; fighters fly nearly 120 sorties in support of the mission ; between 150 and 200 enemy fighters attack the bombers, shooting down 10; the bombers and escorts claim 50+ aircraft destroyed in combat.
Wednesday, April 05, 1944 Hans-Werner Renzow Stab III./JG77 B-24 Liberator 6500m 14:25 55 143*MTO - STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (15AF): 334 B-17s and B-24s hit targets in Rumania and Yugoslavia; the B-17s bomb a marshalling yard at Ploesti, Rumania and Nis, Yugoslavia; the B-24s hit a marshalling yard at Ploesti and Leskovac, Yugoslavia; fighters and AA shoot down 13 bombers.
Wednesday, April 05, 1944 Hans-Werner Renzow Stab III./JG77 B-24 Liberator     *MTO - STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (15AF): 334 B-17s and B-24s hit targets in Rumania and Yugoslavia; the B-17s bomb a marshalling yard at Ploesti, Rumania and Nis, Yugoslavia; the B-24s hit a marshalling yard at Ploesti and Leskovac, Yugoslavia; fighters and AA shoot down 13 bombers
Monday, April 24, 1944 Hans-Werner Renzow Stab III./JG77 B-17 Fortress     *MTO - STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (15AF): 520+ bombers attack targets in Rumania, Yugoslavia, and Italy; B-17s bomb a marshalling yard at Ploesti, Rumania, an aircraft factory in Belgrade, Yugoslavia and the Ancona-Rimini railroad line (this is the first Azon Mission by 5 B-17s); the B-24s bomb marshalling yards at Ploesti and Bucharest, Rumania; 250+ fighters fly support for the bombers.
Wednesday, May 31, 1944 Hans-Werner Renzow Stab III./JG77 P-38 Lightning 6000m 10:05 6519 (Ploesti area)*MTO - STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (15AF): 480+ B-17s and B-24s bomb oil refineries and communications targets in the Ploesti, Rumania area; fighters fly 200+ sorties in support; 15 bombers are lost to flak and fighters; 40+ enemy aircraft are shot down.
Wednesday, May 31, 1944 Hans-Werner Renzow Stab III./JG77 P-38 Lightning 5000m 10:12 24 Ost N/653 SN (Bucharest)*MTO - STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (15AF): 480+ B-17s and B-24s bomb oil refineries and communications targets in the Ploesti, Rumania area; fighters fly 200+ sorties in support; 15 bombers are lost to flak and fighters; 40+ enemy aircraft are shot down.
Wednesday, May 31, 1944 Hans-Werner Renzow Stab III./JG77 P-38 Lightning     *MTO - STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (15AF): 480+ B-17s and B-24s bomb oil refineries and communications targets in the Ploesti, Rumania area; fighters fly 200+ sorties in support; 15 bombers are lost to flak and fighters; 40+ enemy aircraft are shot down.
Friday, June 23, 1944 Hans-Werner Renzow Stab III./JG77 B-17 Fortress      
Saturday, December 23, 1944 Hans-Werner Renzow 10./JG77 P-47 Thunderbolt      
Saturday, December 23, 1944 Hans-Werner Renzow 10./JG77 P-47 Thunderbolt      
Saturday, February 17, 1945 Hans-Werner Renzow 10./JG77* Il-2   - -
Saturday, February 17, 1945 Hans-Werner Renzow 10./JG77* Boston   - -
Tuesday, February 20, 1945 Hans-Werner Renzow 10./JG77* La-7   - -
Tuesday, February 20, 1945 Hans-Werner Renzow 10./JG77* Il-2   - -
Thursday, February 22, 1945 Hans-Werner Renzow 10./JG77* Pe-2   - -
Friday, February 23, 1945 Hans-Werner Renzow 10./JG77* Boston   - -
Friday, February 23, 1945 Hans-Werner Renzow 10./JG77* Boston   - -
Friday, March 16, 1945 Hans-Werner Renzow 10./JG77 Il-2 *   - -

Eggersdorf, Germany Map

Ardennes, France Map

Sicily, Italy Map

Chilivani, Sassari, Sardinia, Italy Map

Malta Map

Gambut, Al Butnan, Libya Map

Bir el `Abd, Markaz Al Alamein, Matrouh, Egypt Map

El Aouina, Tunis, Tunisia Map

Gambut, Al Butnan, Libya Map

Crimea, Ukraine Map

 

 Citations

 Footnotes:

 Citations:

  1. Spick 1996, pp. 3–4.
  2. Spick 1996, p. 227.
  3. Morgan & Weal 1998, p. 88.
  4. a b c d Kurowski 1996, p. 122.
  5. Schaulen 2003, p. 26.
  6. Toliver & Constable 1998, p. 360.
  7. a b Kurowski 1996, pp. 103–105.
  8. Kurowski 1996, p. 73.
  9. Toliver & Constable 1998, p. 358.
  10. Bergström & Mikhailov 2000, p. 86.
  11. Aders & Held 1993, pp. 29,30.
  12. Toliver & Constable 1998, p. 359.
  13. Aders & Held 1993, p. 47.
  14. Spick 1996, p. 219.
  15. Aders & Held 1993, p. 68.
  16. Berger 1999, p. 13.
  17. Bergström & Mikhailov 2000, p. 61.
  18. Aders & Held 1993, p. 90
  19. Weal 2001, p. 22.
  20. Kurowski 1996, pp. 83–87.
  21. Weal 2006, p. 67.
  22. Bergström & Mikhailov 2001, p. 159.
  23. Bergström & Mikhailov 2001, p. 160.
  24. Kurowski 1996, p. 92.
  25. Kurowski 1996, p. 96.
  26. MacLean 2007, p. 6.
  27. Kurowski 2007, p. 70.
  28. Berger 1999, p. 14.
  29. Caldwell & Muller 2007, p. 153.
  30. Weal 1996, p. 55.
  31. Schuelke (1995).
  32. Kurowski 1996, p. 107.
  33. Scherzer 2007, p. 688.
  34. Caldwell & Muller 2007, pp. 184-185.
  35. Caldwell & Muller 2007, pp. 170–202.
  36. Girbig 1997, p. 172.
  37. Franks 2000, p. 131.
  38. Manrho & Pütz 2004, pp. 76-77.
  39. Forsyth 2008, p. 93.
  40. Forsyth 2008, p. 94.
  41. Caldwell & Muller 2007, pp. 284–285.
  42. Kurowski 1996, pp. 117–121.
  43. Caldwell 2007, pp. 284-285.
  44. Forsyth 2008, pp. 111, 112.
  45. Forsyth 2008, pp. 115, 116.
  46. Forsyth 2008, pp. 119, 120.
  47. Helden der Wehrmacht 2004, p. 148.
  48. Kurowski 2007, p. 157.
  49. Spick 1996, pp. 220, 227.
  50. Kurowski 2007, p. 156.
  51. Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 23.
  52. Scherzer 2007, p. 199.
  53. MacLean 2007, p. 222
  54. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 120.
  55. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 55.
  56. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 39.
  57. Kurowski 2007, p. 154
  58. Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, p. 32.
  59. Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, p. 136.
  60. Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, p. 87.

 Some of the most widely used Book References:

  • Fledgling Eagles: Luftwaffe Training Aircraft 1933-1945 (Classic Colours) by Barry Ketley ISBN-13: 978-1906537050 ISBN-10: 1906537054
  • Jagdwaffe: The Mediterranean 1942-1943, Vol. 4 (Luftwaffe Colours) First Edition by Jean-louis Roba (Author), Martin Pegg (Author) ISBN-13: 978-1903223352 ISBN-10: 1903223350
  • Jagdwaffe: The Mediterranean 1943-1945- Volume 4, Section 4 (Luftwaffe Colours) by Jean-Louis Roba (Author) ISBN-13: 978-1903223376 ISBN-10: 1903223377
  • Jadgwaffe: The War in Russia January - October 1942 (Luftwaffe Colours, Vol. 3, Section 4) by Erik Mombeek (Author), Christer Bergström (Author), Martin Pegg (Contributor) ISBN-13: 978-1903223239 ISBN-10: 1903223237
  • Jagdwaffe: Barbarossa, June-December 1941 (Luftwaffe Colours, Vol. 3, Section 2) by Eric Mombeek (Author) ISBN-13: 978-1903223215 ISBN-10: 1903223210
  • Messershcmitt Bf 109s Over the Mediterranean. Part 1 (Mini Topcolors) Paperback – June, 2013 by Maciej Goralczyk (Author), Arkadiusz Wrobel (Author)
  • BF 109 G/K: v. 2 (Monographs) Paperback – December 15, 2009 by Krzysztof Janowicz (Author)
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109F (Top Colors Series KG15019) Paperback – March, 2011 by Maciej Góralczyk (Author)
  • Luftwaffe Over Sevastopol (Air Battles) Paperback – January, 2010 by Marek Murawski (Author)
  • Luftwaffe over the Far North Part 1 (Minitopcolors) Paperback – February, 2013 by Maciej Góralczyk (Author)

 Some of the most widely used Magazine References:

  • Airfix Magazines (English) - http://www.airfix.com/
  • Avions (French) - http://www.aerostories.org/~aerobiblio/rubrique10.html
  • FlyPast (English) - http://www.flypast.com/
  • Flugzeug Publikations GmbH (German) - http://vdmedien.com/flugzeug-publikations-gmbh-hersteller_verlag-vdm-heinz-nickel-33.html
  • Flugzeug Classic (German) - http://www.flugzeugclassic.de/
  • Klassiker (German) - http://shop.flugrevue.de/abo/klassiker-der-luftfahrt
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://boutique.editions-lariviere.fr/site/abonnement-le-fana-de-l-aviation-626-4-6.html
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://www.pdfmagazines.org/tags/Le+Fana+De+L+Aviation/
  • Osprey (English) - http://www.ospreypublishing.com/
  • Revi Magazines (Czech) - http://www.revi.cz/