4. Staffel II. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 52 - 4./JG52
Aircraft emblem of JG52 winged sword 0A
Aircraft emblem of JG52 winged sword on a Bf 109E Balkans 1941 01
Aircrew Luftwaffe 9/.JG52 ground crew congratulate Herman Graf May 1942 01-02
Aircrew Luftwaffe ace 2/.JG52 Karl Heinz Leesmann Calais France August 1940 01
Aircrew Luftwaffe ace 9/.JG52 Alfred Grislawski 01-04
Aircrew Luftwaffe ace 9/.JG52 Alfred Grislawski Crimea Russia 1942 01
Aircrew Luftwaffe ace 9/.JG52 Herman Graf Germany 1942 01-02
Aircrew Luftwaffe ace 9/.JG52 Herman Graf Russia Sep 16 1942 01
Aircrew Luftwaffe ace I/.JG52 Helmut Bennemann 01
Aircrew Luftwaffe ace I/.JG52 Lt. Helmut Bennemann France August 1940 01
Aircrew Luftwaffe ace III/.JG52 Hermann Graf 1941 01
Aircrew Luftwaffe ace III/.JG52 Wolfgang Ewald 01
Aircrew Luftwaffe ace JG52 pilot Johannes Steinhoff 1940 01-02
Aircrew Luftwaffe ace JG52 pilot Johannes Steinhoff Russia July 1942 01
Aircrew Luftwaffe ace JG52 pilot Wolfgang Ewald 01
Aircrew Luftwaffe ace pilot 4/.JG52 Walter Kohne 1940 01
Aircrew Luftwaffe ace pilot 4/.JG52 Walter Kohne showing the winged sword emblem 1940 01
Aircrew Luftwaffe aces Graf and Alfred Grislawski 9/.JG52 Crimea Russia July 1942 01
Aircrew Luftwaffe aces Hermann Graf and Alfred Grislawski 9/.JG52 Crimea 1942 01
Aircrew Luftwaffe ace Ulrich Steinhilper
Aircrew Luftwaffe JG52 doc to Alfred Grislawski Graf
Aircrew Luftwaffe pilots II Gruppe JG52 feeding on french grapes France summer 1940 01
Airman Luftwaffe ace 9/.JG52 Leopold Steinbatz 01
Messerschmitt Bf 109E JG52 (VL+AH) and (VL+AL) being ferried to Rumania 1941 01
Photo 01: A later view of a flight of Bf 109E-7s with auxiliary tanks. These aircraft still have their factory codes and are being ferried to JG52 which, at the time of this photograph, was stationed in Rumania.
Messerschmitt Bf 109E 2./JG 52 ground crew or 'Black Men' Calais, France August 1940 01
Photo's 01-02: This series of photographs show the 'Black Men' of 2./JG52 - so called because of their black clothing - with their charges at Calais during mid to late August. Typical of this period, are the yellow cowlings and spinners.
Pilots 2./JG 52 Pilots France August 1940 01
Photo 01: A reminder of the high rate of attrition experienced by the Jagdwaffe during the Battle of Britain. By the middle of September, all six of these 2./JG52 pilots, seen here enjoying a refreshing plate of grapes after a mission over England, had been lost. From the left are: Uffz. Lothar Hartlieb, Ogfr. Wladislaw Malecki, Lt. Hans Berthel, Uffz. Peter Weber, Fw Alfons Bacher and Uffz. Karl-Heinz Bokel. On 26 August, four of these pilots did not return, Hartlieb crashing into the Channel, his body being washed ashore on 15 September, and Malecki, Bacher and Bokel becoming POWs. On 31 August, Weber was badly wounded and died a few days later. Berthel, then the Gruppen Adjutant of l./JG52, became a POW on 15 September.
Messerschmitt Bf 109E 6./JG52 France 1940
- No game skins for this unit as yet!
'. .. we saw several small black speck's...
WOLFGANG EWALD. JG52
I was born in Hamburg on 26 March, 1911, and obtained my pilot's licence in 1929. In 1934, I enlisted in the German Army as I wanted a career as a pilot. After military training I was posted to the Jagdfliegerschule in Schleissheim and then I had to attend various courses in Dresden in order to become an officer.
In 1937, I joined the Legion Condor and was posted to the 2.J88 as a Leutnant. I claimed one victory before I was sent back to Germany and, soon afterwards, to Austria. Then I was posted to join the newly created I./JG433 in Ingolstadt-Manching. Our Gruppenkommandeur was Hptm. Grafvon Pfeil und Klein-Ellguth. I took over the 2. Staffel and for a little while Obit. Adolf Galland was Staffelkapitiin of the 1. Staffel and Lt. Alfons Klein had the 3. Staffel.
On 1 May 1939, the I. Gruppe was redesignated and became I./JG52. On 21 November 1939, the Kommandeur was severely burned during an aerial battle with a French Curtiss. By that time, Galland and Klein had been posted elsewhere and, as I was then the oldest Staffelkapitiin, I took over the Gruppe on a temporary basis until relieved by the replacement Gruppenkommandeur; Hptm. von Eschwege.
The Gruppe's peRGormance during the campaign in the West was disappointing and we only had one claim. On 18 July, we were sent back to Neumppin in the Reich to provide cover during an important meeting in Berlin. Later, on 21 July, we were sent to cover the Richard Wagner Festival in Bayreuth so we did not return to the Channel coast until 3 August 1940.
We were based at Calais-Coquelles, and on 16 August we took off at 18.38 hrs to escort a bomber formation which was to attack the British airfield at Manston. We were flying about 1,000 meters beneath the clouds and as we approached the target we saw several small black specks flying towards the airfield. These were almost certainly British aircraft returning to land and I ordered my pilots to reduce speed and approach in line astern, as if we too were British fighters about to land. This ruse worked and we were able to approach the airfield without any trouble. Once we had flown to within a few hundred meters of the strip, I ordered my pilots to open fire and we succeeded in destroying several Spitfires which were dispersed around the airfield and two more which had just landed. One was set on fire and the other veered off to the side of the runway and formed a 'Flieger Denkmal'. We also fired at the airfield AA defences and silenced them. When we left, we could count five Blenheims and two Spitfires in flames, and we had also blown up an important fuel tank.
We returned to this same airfield two days later during a bomber escort mission over Kent. I had been informed by radio that a Spitfire squadron had just landed so I first ordered the 3. Staffel to cover my 2. Staffel, which would attack. However, once I was certain that there were no Spitfires in the air either near the airfield or towards the coast, I also released the covering 3. Staffel and both the 2. and the 3. began the attack. Once we had silenced the AA defences, we were free to attack the aircraft on the ground and we destroyed ten Spitfires and three Blenheims*.
*RAF… they destroyed a Hurricane from 17Sqn, two Spitfires and severely damaged another six Spitfires before making good their escape. RAF groundcrews, servicing the aircraft in the open, suffered one man killed and 15 injured...
Photo 01: Wolfgang Ewald was appointed Kommandeur of I/JG52 on 28 August 1940 and, in 1942, he took command of III/JG3. He was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 9 December 1942, and on 14 July 1943 he was shot down by Russian AA fire and captured. He did not return to Germany until December 1949 and died on 24 February 1995.
Units: Legion Condor, Stfkpt 2./JG-52, Acting Kdr I./JG-52 (11/39), Kdr III./JG-3 (5/42 Russia)
Awards: RK(12/9/42), Spanish Cross-G, DK-G(10/3/42), EP(9/10/42), EK 1 & 2, Fighter Operational Clasp
Known Aircraft: Bf 109E-4 '<<+' (9/40 Coquelles) & F, Bf 109G-4 WNr 14859 'Black<<-' (1/43), Bf 109G-6 WNr 20220 'Black <<+' (lost 7/14/43)
Remarks: Channel pilot. One victory in Spain. His first victory, during the BOB, a Hurricane on 27 September, 1940. His first known Soviet victory, his 2nd & 3rd overall, both R-Z's on 20 May, 1942. A Soviet triple, his 5th 6th & 7th on 12 June, 1942; two MiG-1's and a Pe-2. A Soviet double on 28 June, 1942, a Lagg-3 and a Pe-2. A MiG-3 on 17 July, 1942. A MiG-1 on 24 July, 1942. Two Pe-2's N of Aksaj on 6 August, 1942. Two LaGG-3's on 23 August, 1942; one N of Popowiskaja, the other SW of Leninsk. A Soviet Hurricane NNW of Stalingrad on 30 August, 1942. A Yak-3 SW of Stalingrad on 4 September, 1942. An Il-2 at Prudkj on 9 September, 1942. Three P-40's and a Boston III on 8 December, 1942. A LaGG-3 and an Il-2 on 5 July, 1943. An Il-2 and a MiG-3 on 7 July, 1943. An Il-2 and a MiG-3 on 8 July, 1943. A LaGG-5 on 11 July, 1943. 2 victories in the West. Russian POW. Shot down 14 July, 1943 by Russian AA gunners (or friendly flak) in his G-6 and was held prisoner for long years. His imprisonment, along with that of his Adj, Einsiedel, deepened the animosity between the two. Deceased 24 February, 1995
|Date||Pilot Name||Unit||Enemy A/C Type||Height||Time||Location|
|02-Sep-40||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab I./JG52||Spitfire||18.25|
|27-Sep-40||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab I./JG52||Hurricane||13.30|
|20-May-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab /JG3||R-Zet||03.49|
|20-May-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab /JG3||R-Zet||03.51|
|28-May-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab /JG3||MiG-1|
|12-Jun-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab /JG3||MiG-1||2000m||10.30||70 224|
|12-Jun-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab /JG3||MiG-1||2000m||10.35||70 224|
|12-Jun-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab /JG3||Pe-2||3000m||10.42||70 123|
|13-Jun-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab /JG3||LaGG-3|
|22-Jun-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab /JG3||LaGG-3||04.00|
|22-Jun-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab /JG3||Pe-2||10.15|
|24-Jun-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab /JG3||Pe-2||15.20|
|28-Jun-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||LaGG-3||12.05|
|28-Jun-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||P-2||19.09|
|01-Jul-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||LaGG-3||2000m||17.26||Stary Oshkol|
|17-Jul-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||MiG-3||19.03|
|24-Jul-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||MiG-1||11.25|
|31-Jul-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||Yak-1||500m||11.40||N Peselasovskiy|
|06-Aug-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||Pe-2||Low Level||10.55||N Aksaj|
|06-Aug-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||Pe-2||Low Level||10.58||N Aksaj|
|13-Aug-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||MiG-3||Low Level||17.43||E Kalatsch|
|19-Aug-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||LaGG-3||10.50||40 821|
|23-Aug-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||LaGG-3||05.40||N Popowiskaja|
|23-Aug-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||LaGG-3||05.55||SW Leninsk|
|24-Aug-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||Hurricane||17.30||N Leninsk|
|25-Aug-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||LaGG-3||11.05||Stalingrad|
|30-Aug-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||Hurricane||09.25||NNW Stalingrad|
|31-Aug-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||P-2||17.15||N Sarepta|
|31-Aug-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||LaGG-3||17.23||NE Leninsk|
|01-Sep-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||Il-2 Sturmovik||10.48||West of Stalingrad|
|04-Sep-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||Yak-1||15.40||SW Stalingrad|
|07-Sep-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||Il-2 Sturmovik||15.52||N Bhf Kotluban|
|09-Sep-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||Il-2 Sturmovik||10.38||Prudki|
|10-Sep-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||P-2||11.20||S Kalatsch|
|14-Sep-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||Yak-1||09.45||Stalingrad|
|18-Sep-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||Il-2 Sturmovik||17.00||E Stalingrad|
|18-Sep-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||Yak-1||17.07||NE Bhf Kotluban|
|01-Oct-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||Il-2 Sturmovik||06.25||NE Bhf Kotluban|
|01-Oct-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||Il-2 Sturmovik||06.30||S Bhf Jwanowka|
|17-Oct-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||Yak-1||09.12||NE Stalingrad|
|25-Oct-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||Il-2 Sturmovik||10.12||Stalingrad|
|25-Oct-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||Il-2 Sturmovik||14.32||Stalingrad|
|25-Oct-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||Il-2 Sturmovik||14.36||Beketowka|
|26-Oct-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||Il-2 Sturmovik||11.15||SE Stalingrad|
|26-Oct-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||Il-2 Sturmovik||14.15||Bhf Bassargino|
|26-Oct-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||Il-2 Sturmovik||14.00||West of Sarepta|
|26-Oct-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||Il-2 Sturmovik||14.04||West of Sarepta|
|26-Oct-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||Il-2 Sturmovik||14.07||SW Sarepta|
|02-Nov-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||Yak-1||10.14||Achtuba|
|02-Nov-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||MiG-1||12.54||Achtuba|
|10-Nov-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||MiG-3||13.10||S Dubowka|
|01-Dec-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||MiG-3||1800m||09.02||15km N Bhf Tshir|
|02-Dec-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||Il-2 Sturmovik||500m||10.02||4932|
|02-Dec-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||Il-2 Sturmovik||500m||10.15||4912|
|08-Dec-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||P-40 Kittyhawk||2500m||19.55||3961|
|08-Dec-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||P-40 Kittyhawk||2500m||10.00||3962|
|08-Dec-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||P-40 Kittyhawk||1500m||10.12||2943|
|08-Dec-42||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||A-20 Boston III||5000m||13.07||3915|
|16-Mar-43||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||Yak-7||2000m||14.25||19 872|
|02-May-43||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||MiG-3||15.10|
|05-Jul-43||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||LaGG-3||200m||03.50||61 19|
|05-Jul-43||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||Il-2 Sturmovik||300m||07.28||61 681|
|07-Jul-43||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||Il-2 Sturmovik||Low Level||03.50||61 69|
|07-Jul-43||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||MiG-3||600m||10.42||62 78|
|08-Jul-43||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||Il-2 Sturmovik||Low Level||10.12||62 763|
|08-Jul-43||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||MiG-3||1000m||18.42||62 79|
|09-Jul-43||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||LaGG-3||Low Level||09.27||62 824|
|11-Jul-43||Wolfgang Ewald||Stab III./JG3||LaGG-5||1500m||13.32||62 87|
Wolfgang Ewald (26 March 1911 – 24 February 1995) was a German Luftwaffe ace and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross during World War II. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.
One of the most enduring actions Ewald took part in was a strafing attack on RAF Manston during the Battle of Britain. The attack took place on 18 August 1940, known as The Hardest Day. Three fighters were destroyed, and six were damaged in the attack. Wolfgang Ewald was shot down by Soviet flak in July 1943 during the Battle of Kursk. He was taken prisoner and was held until 1949. During his career was credited with 78 aerial victories, 1 in the Spanish Civil War, 1 on the Western Front and 76 on the Eastern Front.
- Front Flying Clasp of the Luftwaffe
- Ehrenpokal der Luftwaffe (21 September 1942)
- Iron Cross (1939)
- German Cross in Gold (3 October 1942)
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
Knight's Cross on 9 December 1942 as Major and Gruppenkommandeur of the III./Jagdgeschwader 3 "Udet"
- Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945. Friedburg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5.
- Obermaier, Ernst (1989). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe Jagdflieger 1939–1945 (in German). Mainz, Germany: Verlag Dieter Hoffmann. ISBN 3-87341-065-6.
- Patzwall, Klaus D. and Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941–1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II. Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 3-931533-45-X.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
- Spick, Mike (1996). Luftwaffe Fighter Aces. New York: Ivy Books. ISBN 0-8041-1696-2.
Some of the most widely used Book References:
- Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase One: July-August 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 1) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Eddie J Creek (Author)
- Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Two: August-September 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 2) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
- Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Three: September-October 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 3) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
- Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Four: November 1940-June 1941 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 4) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
Some of the most widely used Magazine References:
- Airfix Magazines (English) - http://www.airfix.com/
- Avions (French) - http://www.aerostories.org/~aerobiblio/rubrique10.html
- FlyPast (English) - http://www.flypast.com/
- Flugzeug Publikations GmbH (German) - http://vdmedien.com/flugzeug-publikations-gmbh-hersteller_verlag-vdm-heinz-nickel-33.html
- Flugzeug Classic (German) - http://www.flugzeugclassic.de/
- Klassiker (German) - http://shop.flugrevue.de/abo/klassiker-der-luftfahrt
- Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://boutique.editions-lariviere.fr/site/abonnement-le-fana-de-l-aviation-626-4-6.html
- Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://www.pdfmagazines.org/tags/Le+Fana+De+L+Aviation/
- Osprey (English) - http://www.ospreypublishing.com/
- Revi Magazines (Czech) - http://www.revi.cz/