Geschwader Stab Jagdgeschwader 26 - Geschwader Stab JG26

Messerschmitt Bf 109E Geschwader Stab JG26 Adolf Galland Summer 1940 01

Messerschmitt Bf 109E JG26 (-+- Adolf Galland WNr 5819 France 1940 00

Messerschmitt Bf 109E.4 flown by Major Adolf Galland, Geschwaderkommodore of JG26 Adolf Galland's Bf 109E-4, W.Nr.5819 circa 24 September. This aircraft was finished in an 02/71 upper camouflage with a mottle of both of these colours in varying densities on the fuselage sides. The upper and lower cowlings were yellow, as was the rudder, which had forty black Abschussbalken applied on a rectangle of the original blue 65. The spinner was also yellow but the backplate remained in 70. The JG26 'Schlageter' shield was carried on both sides of the fuselage beneath the windscreen but Galland's famous black and white mouse emblem was not carried on the aircraft at this time, photographic evidence suggesting it was not painted on until December.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E JG26 (-+- Adolf Galland WNr 5819 France 1940 00A

Messerschmitt Bf 109E-4/N, W.Nr. 5819, flown by Obstlt. Adolf Galland, Kommodore of JG26, December 1940. On 5 December 1940, Obstlt. Galland claimed his 58th victory, a 64Sqn. Spitfire, over the Dungeness-Dover area. Galland had earlier flown this machine for some time without his 'Mickey Mouse' emblem but this had been re-applied by mid-December. At the same time, the camouflage finish on the fuselage was darkened and the machine was fitted with a yellow, capped spinner. A photograph of this machine taken on 23 December 1940.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E JG26 (-+- Adolf Galland WNr 5819 France 1940 01

Photo 01: Photographed on 23 December 1940, Oberstleutnant Galland taxies his Bf 109E-4/N on the gravel strip at Abbeville.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E JG26 (-+- Adolf Galland WNr 5819 France 1940 02-04

Photo's 02-04: Galland prepares for another sortie. Visible is the Mickey Mouse emblem below the cockpit and - rank having its privileges - the special telescope which Galland mounted in the windscreen.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E JG26 (-+- Adolf Galland WNr 5819 France 1940 05

Photo 05: Major Galland being congratulated on his 40th victory by his chief mechanic, Uffz. Meyer, 24 September. Note the absence of the Mickey Mouse emblem.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E JG26 (-+- Adolf Galland WNr 5819 France 1940 06

Photo 05: A closer view of the telescope mounted in Galland's aircraft. This instrument was used only to identify aircraft at long range. For gunnery, Galland used the standard Revi.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E JG26 (-+- Adolf Galland WNr 5819 France 1940 07

Photo 06: The 40th Abschuss bar is added to the rudder of Galland's machine. For this achievement he was summoned to Hitler's Headquarters, where the Fuhrer personally presented his him with the Oak Leaves to the Knight's Cross.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E JG26 (-+- Adolf Galland WNr 5819 France 1940 08-09

Photo's 08-09: Meticulous record keeping on the rudder of Galland's aircraft as his victory score continues to increase.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E JG26 (-+- Adolf Galland WNr 5819 France 1940 10-11

Photo's 10-11: In the unusual view, the seldom seen starboard side of the fuselage shows that the emblem was not handed but faced forward on this side and aft on the port side.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E JG26 (-+- Adolf Galland WNr 5819 at Le Touquet Aug 1941 01

Photo 01: Major Galland's Bf 109E-4/N, W.Nr 5819, possibly photographed at Le Touquet in 1941. The fresh paint beneath the forward Stab symbols is believed to indicate the recent installation of nitrous oxide equipment to increase engine power.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E JG26 (-+- Adolf Galland WNr 5819 at Audembert Nov 1940 01

Photo 01: During a spell of wet weather in November-December 1940, many airfields in France and Belgium became waterlogged and could not be used. Stab and I./JG26 remained at Audembert until 7 December when they moved to join the III. Gruppe at Abbeville-Ducat. On the same day, II./JG26 also moved to Abbeville-Ducat from Marquise. This photograph, taken before the Geschwader's consolidation at Abbeville, shows Obstlt. Galland's aircraft and is believed to have been taken at Audembert, where the effects of the winter rain are obvious.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E JG26 (-+- Adolf Galland WNr 5819 April 15 1941 01

Photo 01: On 15 April 1941, Obstlt. Galland is believed to have two, possibly three Spitfires, but did not claim the third as he did not see it crash. The two aircraft claimed were Galland's 60th and 61st victories, but why only one and not both of these victories should be marked on the tail of his Bf 109E-7 W.Nr 5819, seen here at Brest with 60 victory bars, is not known. The matter is all the more curious for the fact that at the time of the two kills mentioned, Galland was flying his 'pre-production Bf 109F-0, W.Nr 6714, just visible in the background.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E JG26 ((+ Adolf Galland WNr 5819 April 1941 01

Photo 01: Obstlt. Galland's old W.Nr 5819 was eventually passed on to Erganzungsgruppe JG26 at Cognac where it was flown by the Kommandeur, Oblt. Hubertus von Holtey. Although the JG26 'Schlageter' and 'Mickey Mouse' badges were retained, the machine was re-camouflaged to conceal Galland's Kommodore markings and, in view of von Holtey's status, a more appropriate Gruppenkommandeur's double chevron was applied in their place. Later, a number 16 was added aft of the fuselage Balkenkreuz.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E JG26 ((+ Adolf Galland WNr 5819 April 1941 02

Photo 01: This photograph shows Galland's 82 victory bars on the rudder, but by the time of the last, a Blenheim on 4 September 1941, Galland had long since been flying the Bf 109E. It is not understood why the scoreboard on the rudder of W.Nr 5819 was kept up to date, nor when this machine was eventually handed over to Erg.Gr.JG26.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E Stab III./JG26 ((+I Adolf Galland France Aug 1940 01

Profile 00: Messerschmitt Bf 109E-3 flown by Major Adolf Galland, Gruppenkommandeur of III./JG26, August 1940 The Bf 109E-3 flown by Major Adolf Galland; Gruppenkommandeur of III./JG26 at Marquise, mid-August. Instead of the more usual 70/71 or 71/02 splinter scheme of the period, this particular Bf 109 was reported, to have worn a mottled upper camouflage of locally manufactured pale and medium greys. On the rudder, the twenty-two Abschuss bars, each surmounted by a small circle, are reported to have been black rather than in the usual III. Gruppe practice of marking them in red. Interestingly, a pilot from JG26 captured during the Battle stated during interrogation that Galland had for a while used a brown and green camouflage on his aircraft. This had been regarded with considerable anxiety by other pilots of the Gruppe who felt it made Galland's aircraft look exactly like a Hurricane, and they feared that one day he would be shot down in error by another Bf 109. A similar Incident had already occurred earlier when Galland, flying an aircraft finished in what he described as a 'new grey-green camouflage paint', was almost accidentally shot down by Wilhelm Balthasar. It is not known whether Galland's description refers to the 02/71 scheme or a grey mottled camouflage as shown in this profile.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E Stab JG26 ((+I Adolf Galland France Aug 1940 01

Photo's 01-02: The Bf 109E flown by Adolf Galland, Gruppenkommandeur of III./JG26 at Marquise. The 22 Abschuss markings on the rudder indicate the photographs were taken after 15 August. Although it was customary for the III. Gruppe to apply these victory markings in red, Galland's were black. It is believed the camouflage was a locally mixed and applied grey mottle, rather than the more usual 70nl or 02/71 splinter scheme of the period. On 22 August Galland was promoted to succeed Major Gotthard Handrick as Geschwaderkommodore. At the same time, Galland's place was taken by Gerhard Schopfel, who was promoted to take command of the III.Gruppe.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E3 Stab III./JG26 (+I Adolf Galland Marquise, France Aug 1940 00

Profile 00: Messerschmitt Bf 109E-3 flown by Major Adolf Galland, Gruppenkommandeur of III./JG26, August 1940 The Bf 109E-3 flown by Major Adolf Galland; Gruppenkommandeur of III./JG26 at Marquise, mid-August. Instead of the more usual 70/71 or 71/02 splinter scheme of the period, this particular Bf 109 was reported, to have worn a mottled upper camouflage of locally manufactured pale and medium greys. On the rudder, the twenty-two Abschuss bars, each surmounted by a small circle, are reported to have been black rather than in the usual III. Gruppe practice of marking them in red. Interestingly, a pilot from JG26 captured during the Battle stated during interrogation that Galland had for a while used a brown and green camouflage on his aircraft. This had been regarded with considerable anxiety by other pilots of the Gruppe who felt it made Galland's aircraft look exactly like a Hurricane, and they feared that one day he would be shot down in error by another Bf 109. A similar Incident had already occurred earlier when Galland, flying an aircraft finished in what he described as a 'new grey-green camouflage paint', was almost accidentally shot down by Wilhelm Balthasar. It is not known whether Galland's description refers to the 02/71 scheme or a grey mottled camouflage as shown in this profile.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E3 Stab III./JG26 (+I Adolf Galland Marquise, France Aug 1940 01

Photo's 01-02: The Bf 109E flown by Adolf Galland, Gruppenkommandeur of III./JG26 at Marquise. The 22 Abschuss markings on the rudder indicate the photographs were taken after 15 August. Although it was customary for the III. Gruppe to apply these victory markings in red, Galland's were black. It is believed the camouflage was a locally mixed and applied grey mottle, rather than the more usual 70nl or 02/71 splinter scheme of the period. On 22 August Galland was promoted to succeed Major Gotthard Handrick as Geschwaderkommodore. At the same time, Galland's place was taken by Gerhard Schopfel, who was promoted to take command of the III.Gruppe.

Emblem JG26 Adolf Galland 01

Galland's Mickey Mouse - Emblem.

Pilots JG26 Adolf Galland 01-03

Photo 01: The General der Jagdflieger makes a visit to a fighter unit in the West.

Photo 02: Taken at Caffiers in mid-August, this picture shows officers of III./JG26, including a shirtless Hptm. Adolf Galland (centre), watching the Gruppe's aircraft return from a sortie.

Photo 03: Major Galland, with back to camera, Geschwaderkommodore of JG26, after achieving his fortieth victory, a Hurricane of 17Sqn. P/O H.A. C. Bird-Wilson, on 24 September. The aircraft in the background marked with horizontal bars each side of the fuselage Balkenkreuz, was Oblt. Walter Horten, the Geschwader Technical Officer.

Pilots JG26 Adolf Galland and Werner Molders 01

Photo 01: Friends and rivals. Adolf Galland (right), Kommodore of JG26, and Werner Molders, Kommodore of JG51, seen here in mid-September 1940, were the two leading personalities of the Jagdwaffe during the Battle of Britain. Soon after this photograph was taken, Molders was awarded the Eichenlaub on 21 September, Galland receiving this award three days later.

Pilots JG26.3 Adolf Galland briefing Pilots at Caffiers 01

Photo 01: Officers of III./JG26 being briefed by Galland at Caffiers in mid-August. Galland maintained that a detailed and thoroughly understood pre-flight briefing was essential if operations were to be conducted successfully. JG26 and JG54 are thought to have been the two best units for adhering to this basic principle, particularly when bomber escort missions were the order of the day, and Galland held pilots personally responsible for any bomber losses. From left to right: The Gruppe surgeon, name unknown; ObIt. Gerhard Schopfel; Oblt. Georg Beyer (POW 28 August 1940); Lt. Gerhard Muller-Dillie (KIA 18 August 1940); Lt. Josef Burschgens (POW 1 September 1940); Hptm. Adolf Galland (back to camera); Lt. Hans-Marquardt Christinnecke (hidden - POW 6 September 1940); Lt.Walter Blume (pOW 18 August 1940); Lt. Gustav Sprick (KIA 28 June 1941); Lt. Joachim Muncheberg (KIA 23 March 1943); ObIt. Fritz Fromme and Hptm. Rolf Schrodter. On his last flight, Oblt. Beyer was involved in a fight with a Defiant when a Spitfire attacked from behind, wounding him and forcing him to bale out. Lt. Christinnecke was attacked by a fighter, forced landed at Hothfield and succeeded in setting fire to his aircraft, which completely burnt out, before being captured unhurt.

Pilots JG26 Adolf Galland with RAF Douglas Bader Aug 9 1941 01-02

Photo's 01-02: The RAF's policy of wearing down the Luftwaffe and forcing the withdrawal of units from the Russian Front was not achieved and Fighter Command suffered high losses. One notable British loss occurred during Circus 68 on 9 August 1941 when the well-known Tangmere Wing Leader, W/Cdr. Douglas Bader, who had lost his legs in a pre-war flying accident, was forced to abandon his Spitfire over the French coast after colliding with a Bf 109, possibly that flown by Uffz. Albert Schlager of 3./JG26. After being captured, Bader was entertained by Adolf Galland and members of JG26 at Audembert (Photo 01) and allowed to inspect one of the unit's Bf 109Fs at close quarters (Photo 02).

Pilots JG26 Adolf Galland signed 01-04

Signed Photo's http://www.leisuregalleries.com/galland1.jpg

Messerschmitt Bf 109E W.Nr. 5819, Obstlt. Adolf Galland, Geschwaderkommodore JG 26, Audembert, France – Dec.1940

Adolf Galland, ace and future General, flew the illustrated Emil in the fall of 1940 to the beginning of 1941 as CO of III. Gruppe, and later of the entire JG 26. The tactical markings on the aircraft kept pace with those changes. The standard camouflage of 02/71/65 was darkened on the fuselage sides with RLM 02/71. The yellow cowling was complemented by the yellow rudder that also bore the kill marks. The surface area of the original RLM65 was not enough for them, and the yellow was oversprayed with fresh RLM65 for the next row of kill marks. The most typical changes for 5819 at this time came with the personal emblem of Mickey Mouse and most of all the installation of the ZFR-4 telescope (installed together with the regular Revi). It didn't serve as an actual sight as it did for the identification of far off aircraft. Galland replaced Werner Mölders who commanded the German fighter force as General der Jagdflieger. Later on he became famous for locking horns with Hermann Göring. He established JV 44 at the end of the war, the famous unit well known for its Me 262 jet fighters and colorful Fw 190 D piston fighters. Galland managed to shot down 104 enemy airplanes and was awarded with Knight Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds.

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Aircraft emblem of Stab III JG26 0A

Aircraft personal emblem of JG26 Adolf Galland

Artwork by aviationclassics titled Check Six 0A

Box Art Bf 109E Stab JG26 (-+ Adolf Galland WNr 5819 Audembert France Dec 1940 0A

Messerschmitt Bf 109E4 JG26 (-1+) Bruno Hagenauer Abbeville France 01

Messerschmitt Bf 109E4 Stab I/.JG26 ((+ Rolf Pingel based in France Nov 1940 0A

Messerschmitt Bf 109E4 Stab I/.JG26 ((+ Rolf Pingel being positioned for take off France Nov 1940 01

Messerschmitt Bf 109E4 Stab I/.JG26 ((+ Rolf Pingel checking the aircraft systems France Nov 1940 01

Messerschmitt Bf 109E4 Stab I/.JG26 ((+ Rolf Pingel putting on his lifevest France Nov 1940 01

Messerschmitt Bf 109E4 Stab I/.JG26 ((+ Rolf Pingel taxing France Nov 1940 01

Messerschmitt Bf 109E1 Stab III/.JG26 (I+I Werner Bartels force landed Kent 1940 00-12

Messerschmitt Bf 109E1 Stab III/.JG26 (I+I Werner Bartels WNr 6296F 1940 0A-0C

Messerschmitt Bf 109E3 Stab III/.JG26 (+I Adolf Galland France Aug 1940 0A-0B

Messerschmitt Bf 109E3 Stab III/.JG26 (+I Joachim Muncheberg France 1940 01-02

 
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Jagdgeschwader 26 Adolf Galland Emblem

Luftwaffe pilot Adolf Galland

Early Career

Adolf Galland was born on 19 March 1912 at Westerholt near Essen in Westphalia, where his father, continuing in the profession of earlier generations of the Galland family, managed the country estate owned by Count Graf von Westerholt. The young Adolf Galland spent his early schooldays in Westerholt, and his later academic studies were completed at the Hindenburg Gymnasium in Bilr.

Adolf Galland was 14 when, in early 1927, a group of sailplane enthusiasts brought their gliders to a corner of the Westerholt estate and first sparked in him an overwhelming enthusiasm to fly. By the time Galland was 17 years of age, he was a glider pilot in the DLV (Deutscher Luftsportverband - German Air Sport Association) and, in February 1932, he entered the Deutsche Fliegerschule (German Flying School) at Braunschweig. Between July and September, 1933 Galland attended a secret flying course in Italy and subsequently became a pilot with Deutsche Luft Hansa - the German airline - flying JuG-24 and Rohrbach Roland aircraft, mainly on the Stuttgart - Geneva - Marseilles - Barcelona routes.

When Adolf Hitler came to power and created a new air force, volunteers with flying experience were urgently sought and Galland joined the new clandestine air force. After basic training at Schleissheim, he qualified as a fighter pilot and, on 1 January 1935, the newly commissioned Leutnant Galland was posted to JG132 'Richthofen', then equipped with Ar 65 aircraft, though later to receive the He-51.After two flying accidents, Galland faced the unwelcome prospect of being forced to leave the Luftwaffe. However, by devious means, he managed to convince the medical authorities that he was indeed fit for flying duties - though, in fact, he suffered a minor sight deficiency in his left eye - and succeeded in retaining his position in the Luftwaffe.

When the broke out in 1936, Galland volunteered to join the Legion Condor. He arrived in Spain on 8 May 1937, at which time he was nearly 25, but he had to wait two months before he could fly with his assigned unit, the I./J88. From the Summer of 1937 he led the 3./J88, a Staffel equipped with obsolescent He-51 biplane fighters which, as they were no match against the superior Soviet Polikarpov 1-16 monoplanes, were employed in the ground-attack role, principally strafing enemy ground forces.

After a year in Spain - twice the amount of time spent by any other pilot - and after flying 280 missions, Galland returned to Germany in August, 1938. He was then an experienced formation leader and, in view of the role his unit had played in Spain, he was instructed to prepare numerous reports for the Reichslujtministerium to ensure that his expertise in the ground-attack role was passed on to future Schlachtflieger. Such a desk-bound position, however, was not at all to Galland's liking and in November, 1938, he was able to leave the RIM, only to find himself posted back to the ground-attack force in the Summer of 1939 when, just before the invasion of Poland, he was ordered to lead the 4. Staffel of II.(Schlacht)/LG2, a ground-attack unit based at Tutow and equipped with Hs-123s.

On 1 October, 1939, after the Polish campaign - which proved the importance of effective ground-support operations - Galland was awarded the Iron Cross, Second Class, and promoted to the rank of Hauptmann. In April 1940, he succeeded in being transferred back to fighters and was assigned to the Stab IJG27 as Operations Officer. As the inactivity of the so-called Phony War dragged on over several months, Galland was meanwhile able to arrange a temporary transfer to Stab III./JG53 in order to join his comrade Werner Molders, whom he had met in Spain, Galland returning to JG27 only a few days before the opening of the Westfeldzug, the campaign in the West.

During the invasion of France and Belgium, Galland shot down two RAF Hurricanes from 87Sqn. Unfortunately, in his autobiography, Galland incorrectly referred to these aircraft, which fell south of Liege, as Belgian Hurricanes, inadvertently creating a myth which some authors insist on perpetuating to the present day. In fact, all Belgian Hurricanes had already been destroyed in the first two days of the invasion.

Galland subsequently went on to claim many other victories during the campaign in the West. A Spitfire fell to his guns south of Sedan on 16 May; two French Potez 63-11 s on 19 May; another Potez south of Amiens on 20 May; two Bristol Blenheims over Dunkirk on 29 May and a Spitfire over Dunkirk on 2 June. On 3 June - the day of the infamous Operation Pau1a, when 300 bombers and dive-bombers attacked Armee de Fair airfields and French aircraft factories in and around Paris - he claimed a further two French aircraft shot down. On 20 May, Galland was awarded the Iron Cross, First Class, and at the same time left Stab/JG27 to become Kommandeur of III/JG26. His last two victories in the Western campaign, a Blenheim and a Defiant south of Evreux, were claimed on 14 June.

After the fall of France, III/JG26 returned to its home base at Munchengladbach in Germany in order to rest its personnel andoverhau1 and service its equipment. On 18 July, Galland was promoted to the rank of Major and, two days later, III./JG26 was ordered to move back to France where it was to be based on the coast at Caffiers, some 11 kilometers south-east of Wissant in the Pas de Calais, in preparation for the assault against Great Britain.

The III./JG26 flew its first sorties of the Battle of Britain on 24 July, when Galland's 40 Bf 109s escorted 18 Do-17s briefed to attack a convoy. During this mission, Galland shot down a Spitfire of 54Squadron P/O John Allen, a successful pilot credited with 8 victories. The following day, Galland shot down another Spitfire over Dover and a third on the 28th bringing his score to 17. For these victories, Galland was awarded the coveted Ritterkreuz on 1 August, at that time only the fourth fighter pilot to be so decorated.

During a Stuka escort mission on 14 August, Galland claimed a Hurricane shot down and three Spitfires the following day. On the 17th the young Gruppenkommandeur, together with Werner Molders, the Kommodore of JG51, was summoned by Goring to Karinhall. There, Galland learned that the Reichsmarschall had decided to replace the older Geschwaderkommodoren, many of whom, like Osterkamp and von Bulow-Bothkamp had flown in the First World War, with younger fighter pilots. Consequently, at the age of only 28, Galland was appointed Kommodore of JG26.

Eichenlaubtrager

Despite his new responsibilities, Galland continued to fly and claim further victories; a Spitfire on 25 August, a Defiant on the 27th and three Spitfires on the 31st. In the first twenty days of September, Major Galland claimed 12 kills against RAF Hurricanes and Spitfires. A Hurricane shot down on 24 September and believed to have been P/O Harold Bird-Wilson of 17Sqn, brought Galland's total claims to 40 Luftsiegen. With this number of victories and less than two months after he had been awarded the RK, Galland was called to the Fuhrer's Headquarters where, as only the third member of the Wehrmacht to receive this decoration, he was presented with the Oak Leaves.

Returning to JG26, Galland claimed his 45th victory on 15 October while flying escort to his former unit of the Polish campaign, II.(Schlacht)/LG2, since equipped with Bf 109Es and then flying Jabo sorties to bomb London. Promoted to Oberstleutnant on 1 November, Galland claimed his 57th victory on 5 December. At that time he was the highest-scoring Luftwaffe pilot, but this was also his last victory of the year since deteriorating weather conditions during the winter of 1940-41 temporarily curtailed further fighter operations.

In early 1941, the air-war changed when German plans to invade Great Britain were abandoned and the Wehrmacht turned its attention first to the Balkans and later to Russia. In the West, only a small number of fighters remained, mainly operating in a defensive role against RAF intruder missions. In March, JG26 was dispersed over various French airfields in Brittany, mainly in defence of Brest harbor. Galland claimed his first victory of 1942 on 4 April when he shot down a Spitfire of 91Sqn, believed to have been Sgt. Jack Mann, a pilot credited with five confirmed victories plus three unconfirmed. On 15 April, while flying with his Katschmarek to visitjafu 2 (Gen. Osterkamp), the pair made a short detour en route and over the English coast Galland succeeded in downing two, possibly three, Spitfires.

JG26 was then transferred to airfields in Belgium and Northern France and on 21 June, Galland claimed two Blenheims and one Spitfire, but on the same day was shot down twice. On the first occasion he safely force-landed his damaged aircraft, but when shot down the second time he was wounded and had to bail out of his blazing machine.

With 70 victories, Galland was once more called to Hitler's HQ where he received the Oak Leaves with Swords, the first recipient of only 159 ever awarded. However, this high honor brought with it an order from Hitler forbidding Galland to continue flying but, with his usual resourcefulness, he was able to circumvent this restriction. By interpreting Hitler's order to mean operational flying and, on the pretext that he was only testing his unit's new Bf 109 F-3 and F-4 aircraft, Galland continued to fly and in this way justified his increasing score.

General der Jagdflieger

With 97 victories, Galland learned of the death of his comrade Oberst Werner Molders, killed when the He-111 in which he was a passenger crashed on 22 November 1941. On 5 December 1942, with the rank of Generalleutnant, Galland attended a farewell ceremony at Audembert in Northern France, where he left JG26 and became Molder's successor as General der Jagdflieger. He was then 30 years of age and the youngest General in the Wehrmacht. On 28 January 1942, he became only the second recipient of the Diamonds to the Knight's Cross. Early in his new position, Galland was responsible for some of the Luftwaffe's most daring and successful operations. He planned the air cover for the battle-cruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau and the heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen during the so-called Channel Dash when, in February 1942, all three ships sailed up the English Channel to ports in Germany. Later, he was responsible for the reinforcement of the German fighter arm in Russia and the transfer of fighters to the Mediterranean theatre for operations against Malta. However, with the growing strength of Allied air power and under the most severe pressure and unrealistic demands, Galland became increasingly isolated from his superiors who issued orders which bore little resemblance to reality. During the Allied invasion of Sicily, where JG53 and JG77 bore the brunt of the fighting, Goring became especially angry, demanding aerial victories from German fighter pilots totally overwhelmed by Allied air power and accusing them of cowardice when, despite their best efforts, this proved impossible.

Dismissal

In 1944, as the situation worsened, Galland clashed increasingly with Goring who blamed him personally for the failures of the Jagdflieger. Eventually, when the whole of the Fighter Arm was disgraced and Galland was dismissed from his post, Goring tried to have him arrested and he was saved due only to Hitler's personal intervention. Thereafter, Galland again flew fighters, organising his own jet unit, JV 44. Despite the difficulties of introducing the radically new Me-262 to service in a rapidly deteriorating situation in which the inevitable final collapse of the Third Reich grew ever closer, Galland was able to score further victories. He flew his last sortie on 26April 1945, when, after scoring his last two victories - his 103rd and 104th - he was wounded and had to make an emergency landing on Miinchen-Riem airfield. In hospital when the war ended, Galland was made a PoW.

Taken to Great Britain for detailed interrogation by British and US intelligence officers, Galland was eventually released in May 1947. The following year he left Europe for Argentina where he helped raise a modern air force for President Peron. Returning to Germany after seven years in South America, Galland later set up his own company - an aviation consultancy - which he headed until advancing years and failing health forced him into retirement.

During his lifetime, Generalleutnant a.D. Adolf Galland, holder of the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds, succeeded in gaining the respect not only of his comrades, but also of his former enemies. He died on 9 February 1996, little more than a month before his 84th birthday, and was buried at the church of St. Laurentius in Bonn-Oberwinter.

Adolf 'Dolfo' Galland was born on 19 March 1912 at Westerholt, Westphalia. At the age of 17 he started flying gliders. He began flying for Lufthansa after graduating from the German Commercial Air Transport School at Brunswick. This was at a time when the German Air Arm was created, following Hitler's rise to power, and students were sent clandestinely to the Soviet Union and Italy. In February 1934, he joined the Luftwaffe, an accomplished pilot and instructor, at the Fighter Pilot School at Munich-Schleissheim. By April 1935 he was a fighter pilot with Jagdgeschwader 2 'Richtofen'.

In 1937, he volunteered for service with the Condor Legion in Spain. Galland was put in command of 3 Staffel of J/88, equipped with the Heinkel He-51 biplanes, which were used in the ground attack and support role. He distinguished himself, especially on the Asturias, Teruel and Ebro fronts, completing 280 combat sorties before being relieved by Werner Mölders in mid-1938. He had met Mölders in the hotel 'Cristina' where they were billeted, and they were to become firm friends. Galland's many original contributions to ground support techniques brought him to the attention of the Luftwaffe High Command. However, his reward for the innovative work in Spain was flying a desk in the Air Ministry working out directives for the organisation of close support units and the training of fighter pilots in direct support operations. When World War 2 broke out Oberleutnant Galland was a Staffelkapitän of 4.(S)/LG2 equipped with the Henschel Hs 123, a biplane Stuka. He took part in the invasion of Poland flying 50 ground attack missions. Galland was awarded the Iron Cross, Second Class for his efforts. Galland was posted away to JG27 at Krefeld, arriving there on 15 February 1940. He was assigned to the Geschwaderstab and assumed the role of Geschwader Adjutant. On 12 May, west of Liege, Belgium, he scored his first aerial victory. Two more victories followed that day. All three victims were RAF Hurricanes. By the end of the French campaign he had accumulated 14 victories. On 6 June 1940, Hauptmann Galland was appointed Gruppenkommandeur of III./JG26. Promoted Major on 18 July, Galland stayed with III./JG26 through the Battle of Britain.

On 24 July, Galland led III./JG26 over the north coast of the Thames Estuary. Here they engaged Spitfires and Galland was able to shoot one down to the north of Margate. He had shot down the British ace P/O 'Johnny' Allen (7.333 confirmed and 5 unconfirmed destroyed victories) of 56Sqn, RAF, who was killed in the crash-landing that followed this combat. On 28 July, RAF fighters were scrambled to intercept a large German bomber formation headed for Dover. When confronted by the RAF fighters, the German bomber formation promptly headed for home. The RAF fighters were thus left to combat the escorting German fighters of I. and II./JG51 and III./JG26. Galland claimed a Spitfire shot down near Dover for his 17th victory. He had shot down another British ace, Sub-Lt Francis Dawson-Paul (7.25 confirmed and 1 unconfirmed destroyed and 1 damaged victories), a Royal Navy pilot on loan to the RAF.

Dawson-Paul was shot down into the Channel where he was picked up by a German E-boat, but he died from the wounds received in this combat on 30 July. Galland was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 1 August for 17 victories. It is thought he again shot down a notable RAF pilot on 15 August, when he brought down the New Zealand ace F/Lt 'Al' Deere (17.333 confirmed and 2.5 unconfirmed destroyed, 4 probable and 7.5 damaged victories) of 54Sqn, RAF. Deere baled out of his Spitfire between Dover and Folkestone.

On 24 September, Galland downed his 40th victim, another notable RAF pilot, Harold Bird-Wilson (5.2 destroyed, 3 probable and 3 damaged victories) of 17Sqn, RAF who baled out badly burned near Chatham. Galland was awarded the newly instituted Eichenlauben on 25 September.

By the end of September he had 42 victories. On 1 November 1940, Galland was promoted to Oberstleutnant and given command of JG26. He had 50 victories to his credit. JG26 was escorting the Bf 110 fighter bombers of EprGr 210 on a raid of Martlesham Heath on 17 November. The formation was intercepted by RAF Hurricanes. In the ensuing combat, Galland claimed a Hurricane shot down. The pilot, ace Count Manfred Czernin (17 destroyed, 3.5 probable and 3.833 damaged victories) of 17Sqn, RAF, baled out unhurt. On 21 June 1941, Galland shot down a Spitfire east of Boulogne. He, in turn, was shot down, by the Polish ace Boleslaw Drobinski (7.133/1.333/0 victories) of 303Sqn, RAF, and baled out wounded. Shortly after, he was awarded the Schwerten to his Ritterkreuz. Galland had, by now, been ordered by Hitler and Göring not to fly combat missions. However, he disregarded these orders and continued to rack up aerial victories. On the death of Oberst Werner Mölders (115 victories, RK-Br) on 22 November 1941, Galland was named General der Jagdflieger. Before settling into his new job, Oberst Galland directed the fighter protection for the Channel dash of the battleships Scharnhorst and Gneisenau, and the heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen, from Brest.

was a striking success. He was awarded the Brillanten to his Ritterkreuz on 28 January 1942 with his victory tally at 94. As General der Jagdflieger, he commanded a small unit operating Fw 190s. He flew about 10 combat missions and, it is thought, he gained two victories over USAAF B-17 bombers during 1944. It remains unsure whether his claims during this period were submitted or confirmed. Stab G.d.J claimed two B-17s shot down on 8 March 1944 and it is thought Galland may have been one of the claimants. Galland became one of the most controversial figures of his time through his skirmishes with Reichsmarschal Göring and his frank addresses to Hitler when he emphasized the need for more fighters to oppose the increasingly intense allied bombing raids over Germany. Galland's contemporaries in combat commands eventually began planning to force Göring's resignation, by seeking an audience with Hitler. Although Galland took no direct part in such activities, he was aware that all this was in train. In the denouement, Göring attributed the incipient mutiny to Galland, sacked him and prepared a trial in which blame for the collapse of the Jagdwaffe would be directed to the General der Jagdflieger. Hitler intervened but then insisted, as an end to the 'Galland affair', that he be given command of a unit of jet fighters. Galland led JV 44 until 26 April 1945 gaining up to seven victories flying the Me 262 jet fighter. On this day Generalleutnant Galland led 12 rocket-equipped Me 262s from München-Reim to intercept a formation of B-26 medium bombers targetting the airfield at Lechfeld. He claimed two of the bombers, but with cannon-fire rather than the rockets with which his Me 262 was armed. During his initial approach, Galland had failed to deactivate a safety switch which prevented him from firing the rockets. During his attacks on the bombers, Galland's Me 262 was struck by return fire. Disengaging from the bombers, he was bounced by a P-47 1st Lt James J Finnegan of the 50th Fighter Group, USAAF. Galland was wounded in the right knee and his aircraft received further damage. He was able to bring his crippled jet back to München-Reim and successfully land, albeit with a flat nose wheel tyre. He was forced to leap from his aircraft and take shelter because the airfield was under attack by American fighters. The wound suffered in this encounter were serious enough to end his combat flying. Galland surrendered himself to American forces at Tegernsee on 5 May 1945.

He was held in military custody for two years. He was released in 1947. In October 1948, Galland took a position with the Argentine Air Force. There followed many offers to act as consultant to armament firms who would equip the new Luftwaffe. He made his choices and settled down to prosperous and lively decades as a businessman. In his final years he divided his time between his home in Germany and his bungalow by the Alicante coast of Spain. Adolf Galland passed away on 9 February 1996 at Remagen-Oberwinter. Adolf Galland achieved 104 aerial victories in 705 missions, all on the Western front. Included in his score are at least seven victories flying the Me 262 and four four-engined bombers. He was himself shot down four times.

Luftwaffe pilot List of aerial victories for Adolf Galland

No Date Time A/c Type Unit Location Comments
1 12.5.1940 10:10 Stab JG27 10 km W Lüttich Hurricane I (L1970) of 87Sqn RAF flown by F/O J A Campbell, killed
2 12.5.1940 10:20 Stab JG27 18 km S Lüttich Hurricane I (L1632) of 87Sqn RAF flown by Sgt F V Howell, baled out
3 12.5.1940 15:50 Stab JG27 7 km EEN Tirlemont   
4 16.5.1940 19:30 Stab JG27 5 km S Lille  
5 19.5.1940 20:50 Potez 63 Stab JG27 N Albert  
6 19.5.1940 21:45 Potez 63 Stab JG27 SW Hirson  
7 20.5.1940 20:50 Potez 63 Stab JG27 S Amiens  
8 29.5.1940 12:59 Stab JG27 15 km N Gravelines  
9 29.5.1940 13:04 Stab JG27 30 km NW Gravelines  
10 2.6.1940 9:28 Stab JG27 W Dunkirk  
11 9.6.1940 15:55 Curtiss Hawk 75 Stab JG27 E Rotoy  
12 9.6.1940 16:10 Morane MS 406 Stab JG27 13 km NW Meaux  
13 14.6.1940 17:15 Stab III./JG26 22km SE Vernon/Breval  
14 14.6.1940 17:28 Battle Stab III./JG26 10km S Evreux  
15 24.7.1940 13:30 Stab III./JG26 30km N Margate Spitfire I of 54Sqn, RAF flown by P/O J L Allen (12.333 victories), killed in crash-landing
16 25.7.1940 16:17 Stab III./JG26 Dover Harbour Spitfire of 54Sqn, RAF
17 28.7.1940 15:20 Stab III./JG26 10km NNE Dover Spitfire I (L1035) of 64Sqn RAF flown by Sub Lt (RN) F Dawson-Paul (8.25/0/1 victories), died of wounds
18 12.8.1940 12:41 Stab III./JG26 NNW Margate Hurricane of 501Sqn, RAF
19 14.8.1940 13:30 Stab III./JG26 SW Dover  
20 15.8.1940 12:55 Stab III./JG26 10km E Dover-Folkestone Possibly Spitfire of 54Sqn RAF flown by F/Lt A C Deere (19.833/4/7.5 victories), baled out
21 15.8.1940 16:00 Stab III./JG26 15km SE Folkestone Spitfire of 64Sqn, RAF
22 15.8.1940 16:07 Stab III./JG26 20km SE Dover Spitfire of 64Sqn, RAF
23 25.8.1940 19:50 Stab JG26 Dungeness-Folkestone  
24 28.8.1940 10:00 Defiant Stab JG26 Faversham Defiant of 264Sqn, RAF
25 31.8.1940 9:42 Stab JG26 20km SE Cambridge Spitfire of 19Sqn, RAF
26 31.8.1940 18:50 Stab JG26 Gravesend  
27 31.8.1940 19:03 Stab JG26 Maidstone  
28 1.9.1940 14:55 Stab JG26 SE London  
29 3.9.1940 11:32 Stab JG26 Chelmsford Hurricane of 257Sqn, RAF
30 6.9.1940 10:20 Stab JG26 Tonbridge Hurricane of 601Sqn, RAF
31 11.9.1940 16:20 Stab JG26 NW Dungeness Hurricane of 501Sqn, RAF
32 14.9.1940 17:03 Stab JG26 SE London Hurricane of 253Sqn RAF
33 15.9.1940 15:30 Stab JG26 Thames Estuary Hurricane I (R 4087) NN-X of 310Sqn RAF, flown by Sgt. Josef Hubacek
34 18.9.1940 13:35 Stab JG26   Hurricane of 46Sqn RAF
35 18.9.1940 13:52 Stab JG26 W Rochester Hurricane of 46Sqn RAF
36 18.9.1940 13:55 Stab JG26 W Rochester Hurricane of 46Sqn RAF
37 20.9.1940 12:05 Stab JG26 S Hornchurch Spitfire of 222Sqn, RAF
38 21.9.1940 19:25 Stab JG26 W Ashford-Canterbury Spitfire of 92Sqn, RAF
39 23.9.1940 10:45 Stab JG26 N Rochester Hurricane of 257Sqn, RAF
40 23.9.1940 10:45 Stab JG26 N Rochester  
41 24.9.1940 10:00 Stab JG26 Rochester Possibly Hurricane (P3878) of 17Sqn RAF flown by HAC Bird-Wilson (5.2/3/3 victories), baled out
42 30.9.1940 18:05 Stab JG26 S Guidford Hurricane of 303Sqn, RAF
43 8.10.1940 10:20 Stab JG26 S Eastchurch Spitfire of 66Sqn, RAF
44 11.10.1940 17:12 Stab JG26 Dartford/Rochester Hurricane of 253Sqn, RAF
45 11.10.1940 17:00 Stab JG26 SE Chatham/Ashford Spitfire of 421 Flt, RAF
46 15.10.1940 13:50 Stab JG26 S Rochester/Gillingham  
47 26.10.1940 17:30 Stab JG26 Maidstone/S London  
48 30.10.1940 12:55 Stab JG26 E London Spitfire of 222Sqn, RAF
49 30.10.1940 17:30 Stab JG26 S Eastchurch/Maidstone Spitfire of 41Sqn, RAF
50 30.11.1940 17:40 Stab JG26 Canterbury/Maidstone Spitfire of 41Sqn, RAF
51 1.11.1940 12:50 Stab JG26 W Ashford  
52 8.11.1940 15:28 Stab JG26 10km S Dover  
53 15.11.1940 14:15 Stab JG26 Near Dover Hurricane of 605Sqn, RAF
54 17.11.1940 10:20 Stab JG26 W Harwich Possibly Hurricane I (V7500) of 17Sqn flown by F/Lt Count MB Czernin (17/3.5/4.833 victories), baled out 
55 17.11.1940 10:20 Stab JG26 20km E of 'sunk' lightship Hurricane of 257Sqn, RAF
56 17.11.1940 10:15 Stab JG26 E Harwich  
- 27.11.1940 17:07 Stab JG26 E Kenley Spitfire of 74Sqn, RAF, unconfirmed
57 28.11.1940 15:40 Stab JG26 Dartford Hurricane of 249Sqn, RAF
58 5.12.1940 12:30 Stab JG26 Dover-Dungeness Spitfire of 64Sqn, RAF
59 4.4.1941 17:50 Stab JG26 Dover-Canterbury Spitfire of 91Sqn, RAF
60 15.4.1941 17:50 Stab JG26 30km W Dover  
61 15.4.1941 18:00 Stab JG26 Dover-Margate Spitfire of 266Sqn, RAF
- 15.4.1941 18:00 Stab JG26 S England Spitfire of 266Sqn, RAF, unconfirmed
62 13.6.1941 13:15 Stab JG26 5km W Dover Hurricane of 601Sqn, RAF
63 13.6.1941 13:18 Stab JG26 10km NE Ashford Hurricane of 601Sqn, RAF
64 16.6.1941 16:35 Stab JG26 W Boulogne Hurricane of 258Sqn, RAF
65 17.6.1941 19:38 Stab JG26 15km W St Omer  
66 17.6.1941 19:40 Stab JG26 15km W St Omer  
67 18.6.1941 18:18 Stab JG26 1km E Ardres Spitfire of 145Sqn, RAF
68 21.6.1941 12:32 Stab JG26 Near Lumbres Blenheim of 21Sqn, RAF
- 21.6.1941 12:36 Stab JG26 Merville Blenheim of 21Sqn, RAF, unconfirmed
69 21.6.1941 16:37 Stab JG26 N Etaples Spitfire of 616Sqn, RAF
70 2.7.1941 12:30 Stab JG26 Merville Blenheim of 226Sqn RAF
71 23.7.1941 13:35 Stab JG26 40km NW Gravelines  
72 23.7.1941 20:10 Stab JG26 Bruges  
73 23.7.1941 20:15 Stab JG26 Bruges  
74 7.8.1941 11:23 Stab JG26 Lumbres  
75 7.8.1941 17:40 Stab JG26 10km NW St Omer  
76 9.8.1941 11:32 Stab JG26 NW St Pol Spitfire of 452Sqn RAF
- 9.8.1941 17:41 Stab JG26 N Ardres unconfirmed
77 12.8.1941 13:12 Stab JG26 20km W Vlissingen Spitfire (P6793) of 19Sqn RAF
78 12.8.1941 13:18 Stab JG26 W Haamstede-Scheldt Estuary Blenheim of 139Sqn RAF flown by F/L GA Herbert 3 crew killed
79 19.8.1941 11:55 Stab JG26 Bergues  
80 19.8.1941 19:32 Stab JG26 NW St Omer Spitfire of 111Sqn RAF
81 19.8.1941 19:45 Stab JG26 SE Gravelines Hurricane of 71Sqn RAF
82 4.9.1941 17:19 Stab JG26 N St Omer Blenheim of 18Sqn, RAF
83 7.9.1941 17:19 Stab JG26 20km W Boulogne Spitfire of 71Sqn, RAF
84 20.9.1941 16:45 Stab JG26 Bergues-Bourbourg  
85 20.9.1941 16:55 Stab JG26 6km NW Braye-Dunes  
86 21.9.1941 16:23 Stab JG26 SE Etaples  
87 21.9.1941 17:35 Stab JG26 S Dunkirk Spitfire of 111Sqn RAF
88 13.10.1941 14:17 Stab JG26 St Omer  
89 13.10.1941 14:27 Stab JG26 Samer Blenheim of 139Sqn, RAF
90 21.10.1941 12:54 Stab JG26 W Samer  
91 21.10.1941 12:58 Stab JG26 6km W Hardelot  
92 21.10.1941 18:16 Stab JG26 15km W Boulogne Spitfire of 611Sqn RAF
93 27.10.1941 13:25 Stab JG26 S Dunkirk Spitfire of 401Sqn RAF flown by Sgt B Hodgkinson, POW
94 8.11.1941 12:58 Stab JG26 Near Montreuil Spitfire of 315Sqn, RAF
95 8.11.1941 13:00 Stab JG26 10km S Hazebrouck  
96 18.11.1941 12:32 Stab JG26 W Boulogne Spitfire of 602Sqn RAF
? 1944 - B-17 Stab G.d.J.   unconfirmed ?
? 1944 - B-17 Stab G.d.J.   unconfirmed ?
98 3.4.1945 - P-38 JV 44    
99 5.4.1945 - B-24 JV 44    
100 16.4.1945 - B-26 JV 44   with R4M rockets
101 16.4.1945 - B-26 JV 44   with R4M rockets
102 21.4.1945 - B-17 JV 44    
103 26.4.1945 11:50~ B-26 JV 44 München-Reim B-26 of 17 BG, USAAF
104 26.4.1945 11:55~ B-26 JV 44 München Reim B-26 of 17 BG, USAAF

Victories : 104
Awards : Ritterkreuz (1 August 1940)
Eichenlaub (25 September 1940)
Schwerter (21 June 1941)
http://www.luftwaffe.cz/gallanda.html

Luftwaffe pilot List of 104 aerial victories for Adolf Galland

Date Pilot Name Unit Enemy A/C Type Height Time Location
12-May-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27 500m 10.10 18km S Luttich
12-May-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27   15.50 7km ENE Tirlemont
12-May-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27 500m 10.20 18km S Luttich
12-May-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27   10.10  
16-May-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27 Spitfire I   19.30 Seclin S Lille
19-May-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27 Potez 63   20.50 N Albert-Meaulte
19-May-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27 Potez 63   21.45 SW Hirson
20-May-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27 Potez 63   20.50 S Amiens
29-May-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27   12.59 15km N Gravelines
29-May-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27   13.04 30km NW Gravelines
02-Jun-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27   09.28 West of Dunkirk
09-Jun-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27 Hawk-75A   15.55 East of Rotoy
09-Jun-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27 Morane 406   16.10 13km NW Meaux
14-Jun-40 Adolf Galland Stab III./JG26   17.15 22km SE Vernon-Breval
14-Jun-40 Adolf Galland Stab III./JG26 Defiant   17.28 10km S evreux
24-Jul-40 Adolf Galland Stab III./JG26 3000-2200m 13.35 30km N Margate
25-Jul-40 Adolf Galland Stab III./JG26   16.17 Dover Hafen
28-Jul-40 Adolf Galland Stab III./JG26 6000m 15.14 10km NNE Dover
12-Aug-40 Adolf Galland Stab III./JG26   12.41 NNW Margate
14-Aug-40 Adolf Galland Stab III./JG26   13.30 SW Dover
15-Aug-40 Adolf Galland Stab III./JG26   12.55 10km East of Dover
15-Aug-40 Adolf Galland Stab III./JG26   16.01 15km SE Folkestone
15-Aug-40 Adolf Galland Stab III./JG26   16.07 20km SE Dover
25-Aug-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 3000m 19.50 Dungeness-Folkestone
28-Aug-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Defiant 2000m 10.08 E Canterbury
31-Aug-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   19.03 Maidstone
31-Aug-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 P-40 Warhawk   09.42 20km SE Cambridge
31-Aug-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   18.50 Gravesend
01-Sep-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   19.55 Sudostrand London
03-Sep-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   11.32 Chelmsford
06-Sep-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   10.20 Tonbridge
11-Sep-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   16.20 NW Dungeness
14-Sep-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   17.03 Sudostrands London
15-Sep-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   15.30 Thames Estuary
18-Sep-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   13.52 West of Rochester
18-Sep-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   13.55 West of Rochester
18-Sep-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   13.35  
20-Sep-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   12.05 South of Hornchurch
21-Sep-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   19.25 West of Ashford-Canterbury
23-Sep-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   10.45 North of Rochester
23-Sep-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   10.45 North of Rochester
24-Sep-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   10.00 Rochester
30-Sep-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   18.05 South of Guildford
10-Oct-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   10.20 South of Eastchurch
11-Oct-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   17.05 SE Chatham
11-Oct-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 2500m 17.12 Dartford-Rochester
15-Oct-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   13.50 South of Rochester
26-Oct-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   17.30 Maidstone - South of London
30-Oct-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   12.55 East of London
30-Oct-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   17.40 Canterbury-Maidstone
30-Oct-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   17.30 South of Eastchurch-Maidstone
01-Nov-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   12.50 West of Ashford
14-Nov-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   15.28 10km South of Dover
15-Nov-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   10.28 bei Dover
17-Nov-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   10.20 West of Harwich
17-Nov-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 1-1500m 10.27 20km E versengt Leucht
27-Nov-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 8000m 17.00 5km East of Detling
28-Nov-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 6500m 15.40 Dartford
05-Dec-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 2000m 12.30 Dover-Dungeness
04-Apr-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 1200m 17.50 zw Dover-Canterbury
15-Apr-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 3800m 17.50 30km vor Dover
15-Apr-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 4500m 18.00 zw Dover u Margate
13-Jun-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 3500m 13.15 5km W Dover
13-Jun-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 2000m 13.18 10km NE Ashford
16-Jun-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 3000m 16.35 West of Boulogne
17-Jun-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 3500m 19.40 5km SE Boulogne
17-Jun-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 3500m 19.38 15km W St Omer
18-Jun-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 6500m 18.18 1?km E Ardres
21-Jun-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 3500m 12.32 S St Omer
21-Jun-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 3500m 12.36 NW St Omer
21-Jun-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 5000m 16.37 N Etaples
02-Jul-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 4000m 12.30 bei Merville
23-Jul-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 10m 13.35 40km NW Gravelines
23-Jul-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 7000m 20.10 bei Fruges
23-Jul-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 6500m 20.15 bei Fruges
07-Aug-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   11.23 Lumbres
07-Aug-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   17.40 10km NW St Omer
09-Aug-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 5000m 17.44 N Ardres
09-Aug-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   17.41 N Ardres
09-Aug-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   11.32 NW St Pol
12-Aug-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 200m 13.12 20-25km W Vlissinghen
12-Aug-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   13.18 Scheldemundung W Haamstede
19-Aug-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   19.32 NW St Omer
19-Aug-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   19.45 SE Gravelines
19-Aug-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   11.55 Bergues
04-Sep-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Blenheim IV   17.19 N St Omer
07-Sep-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   17.19  
20-Sep-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   16.45 Bergues-Bourbourg
20-Sep-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   16.55 6km NW Bray-Dunes
21-Sep-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   17.35 S Dunkirk
21-Sep-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   16.23 SE Etaples
13-Oct-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   14.17 St Omer
13-Oct-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   14.27 Samer
21-Oct-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   12.54 West of Samer
21-Oct-41 Adolf Galland StabJG26   12.58 6km W. Hardelot
21-Oct-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   18.16 15km W Boulogne
27-Oct-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   13.25 S Dunkirk
08-Nov-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   13.00  
08-Nov-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   12.58  
18-Nov-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   12.32 20km W Boulogne
16-Apr-45 Adolf Galland JV44 B-26 Marauder   - Raum Lanberg
16-Apr-45 Adolf Galland JV44 B-26 Marauder   - Raum Lanberg
21-Apr-45 Adolf Galland JV44 B-17 Fortress   - -
26-Apr-45 Adolf Galland JV44 B-26 Marauder   - Raum Neuburg
26-Apr-45 Adolf Galland JV44 B-26 Marauder   - Raum Neuburg

 

 Some of the most widely used Book References:

  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase One: July-August 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 1) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Eddie J Creek (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Two: August-September 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 2) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Three: September-October 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 3) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Four: November 1940-June 1941 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 4) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)

 Some of the most widely used Magazine References:

  • Airfix Magazines (English) - http://www.airfix.com/
  • Avions (French) - http://www.aerostories.org/~aerobiblio/rubrique10.html
  • FlyPast (English) - http://www.flypast.com/
  • Flugzeug Publikations GmbH (German) - http://vdmedien.com/flugzeug-publikations-gmbh-hersteller_verlag-vdm-heinz-nickel-33.html
  • Flugzeug Classic (German) - http://www.flugzeugclassic.de/
  • Klassiker (German) - http://shop.flugrevue.de/abo/klassiker-der-luftfahrt
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://boutique.editions-lariviere.fr/site/abonnement-le-fana-de-l-aviation-626-4-6.html
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://www.pdfmagazines.org/tags/Le+Fana+De+L+Aviation/
  • Osprey (English) - http://www.ospreypublishing.com/
  • Revi Magazines (Czech) - http://www.revi.cz/