705 NAVAL AIR SQUADRON
Motto: - None
Role: - Tri-Service Advanced Rotary Pilot Training
Base: - RAF Shawbury
705 Naval Air Squadron was formed in 1936 operating Swordfish from Battle Cruisers. The Squadron saw service in the North Atlantic before being disbanded in 1940.
In 1947, 705 NAS was re-commissioned at RNAS Gosport, evaluating the use of helicopters in the Fleet. The Commanding Officer at the time carried out the first deck landing on a Royal Naval Ship by helicopter.
In 1957 the Squadron took on the role of basic flying training of Royal Naval helicopter pilots and moved to RNAS Culdrose. When basic flying training became tri-service in 1997, 705 NAS disbanded and reformed at RAF Shawbury to become part of the Defence Helicopter Flying School (DHFS), where it continues to train all Royal Navy, Army and Air Force rotary wing pilots.
Pre-war and World War II (1936–1945)
705 Flight was formed from No 447 Flight Royal Air Force, standing up in June 1936. Operational control of naval aviation was returned to the Royal Navy on 30 July 1937, and during this period the squadron operated the Fairey Swordfish biplane torpedo bomber from the battlecruisers Repulse and Renown. The aircraft were equipped with floats so that they could be launched from the ships by catapult and then recovered from the water by crane. 705 achieved squadron status in 1939. Early in World War II the squadron saw service protecting troop convoys and hunting raiders on the North America and West Indies Station. After disembarkation to RNAS Lee-on-Solent in 1939, the squadron was disbanded in 1940. 705 Naval Air Squadron was briefly reformed in 1945 and carried out the role of torpedo training.
Fleet Requirements Unit (1947–1950)
In May 1947, 705 Squadron was re-commissioned at RNAS Gosport with the Sikorsky Hoverfly element from 771 NAS. At first the squadron operated as a fleet requirements unit, and was responsible for the evaluation of the helicopter for use at sea. On 1 February 1947 Lieutenant K Reed carried out the first helicopter deck landing on a Royal Navy ship when he landed on HMS Vanguard off Portland.
Helicopter flying training (1950–1997)
The squadron gradually became responsible for the basic flying training of Royal Naval helicopter pilots and was re-equipped during the 1950s with the Westland Dragonfly, the Hiller HT1 and the Sikorsky S55. The squadron moved to RNAS Culdrose in 1957 where the later marks of Hiller and Whirlwind were introduced. These types were replaced in 1974 by the Westland Gazelle HT.2. Between 1975 and 1992 the instructors of the squadron performed as the 'Sharks' helicopter display team at up to 20 air displays every year both in the UK and abroad.
Tri-service basic flying training (1997–2018)
In April 1997 705 NAS disbanded and reformed at RAF Shawbury in Shropshire as part of the Defence Helicopter Flying School (DHFS), flying the Eurocopter Squirrel HT Mk 1 helicopter.
UKMFTS (2018 – present)
Remaining as part of DHFS but now forming one of the elements of the UK Military Flying Training System (UKMFTS), the Squadron began flying the H135 Juno HT Mk1 in April 2018.
Within No. 1 Flying Training School (1 FTS) and under 2 Maritime Air Wing (2 MAW), 705 Squadron provides basic and advanced rotary wing flying training for all three services pilots and rear crew. As the busiest Squadron within 1 FTS, 705 Squadron teaches both pilots and crewman a vast number of different disciplines including advanced handling, instrument flying, medium and low level navigation, mountain flying and night flying including low level navigation with NVD.
In addition to pure flying training, 705 Squadron also provides a naval focus for naval aircrew operating within an otherwise joint service and largely civilian-run organisation. The Squadron is commanded by a Royal Navy Lieutenant Commander, and has a Royal Navy 'Senior Pilot', while the Flight Commander billets are filled in by Qualified Helicopter Instructors from any of the three services. Naval graduates of DHFS are streamed towards Leonardo Merlin – MPH, Leonardo Merlin – Commando or Leonardo Wildcat AH / Wildcat HMA training Squadrons.
PREVIOUS AIRCRAFT TYPES
Shark, Swordfish, Hoverfly, Skeeter, Dragonfly, Hiller, Sikorsky S 55, Whirlwind, Wasp, Gazelle, Squirrel
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