Moalboal is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 27,398 people.
Extending as a peninsula in the Southwestern tip of Cebu, Moalboal is bordered to the west by the Tañon Strait. From the western shoreline, the island of Negros can be seen. Moalboal is located 89 kilometers from Cebu City, about 2.5 hours by bus.
Moalboal is nestled between the towns of Alcantara and Badian. From the tulay, an unfinished bridge located in Moalboal's town proper, Badian Island can be clearly seen, as well as the popular tourist attraction, Pescador Island.
Locals often call themselves Moalboalanons, taken from the name of their town. The 'Moalboalanons' said they came from 'Boholanon' decscents. Though the majority of the people in Moalboal are Cebuanos, a few members of cultural minorities have found their way there. Bajaus who are similar to Muslim nomads, are often seen in the streets, especially during the holiday season, as some of them make their living by begging. There is no evidence though that the badjaos have taken up permanent residence in the town. The first settler is said to have been a legendary Boholano fugitive named Laguno Sabanal.
The people of Moalboal speak Cebuano which is a member of the Austronesian language family. The dominant language of the town is Cebuano. However, being separated by several mountain ranges from their Northern neighbors, the Cebuano in Moalboal has some subtle differences from that spoken in the city. For instance, terms such as asgad, which means salty, is not used by many Cebuanos in the city, using the more common term of parat instead. The intonation is also different from that of the city dwelling Cebuanos. They start at a low range voice and ends in a high range tone, similar to Boholanon.
Moalboal is a peninsula and as such, it is a town almost entirely surrounded by water. Majority of the people who live in the flat lands engage in fishing as their main mode of livelihood. Those who live in the mountain regions, like Agbalanga and Bala, live through farming.
The common mode of transportation is by motorcycles with side cars, known locally as pedicabs or, depending on the distance, tricycles with side cars, called tri-sikad. However, due to the burgeoning economy of the whole province, tiny jeepneys or multicabs can now be seen in many of the rural areas, transporting people from Moalboal to many of its nearby towns.
Since the 1970s, Moalboal has developed a tourism industry based on diving and beaches. Panagsama Beach, which was blown away by a typhoon in 1984, is where most resorts are established and White beach, which still has sand, in Barangay Savedra, which used to be a quieter beach that locals frequent, has only recently developed.
Tourists wanting to stay in Moalboal can easily take a taxi from Cebu International Airport. It should cost around 2500 Pesos, the ride takes around 2.5 hours. Other ways to get to Moalboal would be to take a taxi to the Liberando bus terminal or the South Bus station across the road. Librando and Ceres buses go to Moalboal, Fare is 89 Pesos. Make sure you are on a bus going via Barili, or you will end up in the South of Cebu.
In Moalboal most tourists stay at either Panagsama Beach (Basdiot) or White beach (Basdako). There is plenty of accommodation near either beach, although Panagsama has the most bars and restaurants. Information about Panagsama Beach you find here All about Moalboal Panagsama Beach
Entertainment is laid back and not for clubbers. Most of the small bars were demolished last year, and now the original “village” is no longer there, it has lost its bar hopping social scene. The most popular bars at the moment are 'Beach Bar' and ' Chili Bar ', you can have a beer for less than 75 Cents US there. There is an outragously loud Disco every Saturday at Pacitas, so be careful not to take a room close by if you want to sleep before sunrise.
Diving is the main activity, and it compares favorably with any spot in the Philippines. The home reefs are fine and Pescador island, ranges from fantastic to the sublime, depending on the season. The structure of the whole reef is ideal for snorkeling and freediving as well since the reef drop off is close to shore and shallow. Information about diving you find here All about diving in Moalboal
Within a distance of 20 km from Moalboal you can explore numerous waterfalls, caves and canyons.
There is an ongoing lack of water, so be prepared for this unless you are staying in one of the higher priced resorts. Even then the quality of the trucked in water is dubious, even for showering.
Moalboal is administratively subdivided into 15 barangays.
According to lore, Moalboal has a spring where many of the locals get their water. Once, a foreigner asked a woman with a cleft what the place was called. The woman thought he was asking her about the spring so she said that it was a bukal-bukal. However, because of her speech impediment, her words came out sounding like Moalboal and that was how the town got its name.
Another story is one of Laguno, a local warrior who was exiled from his hometown in Bohol. He and his family eventually came to the shores of Moalboal and settled there. Laguno had a yam-yam or oracion, a native prayer used to repel his enemies, and he used this to protect his home when moro invaders came. Legend goes that Laguno instructed his men to throw coconut husks into the water, then with the use of yam-yam, Laguno made it appear that the coconut husks were real men. Seeing that there were many warriors ready to defend the settlement, the moro invaders left. Laguno was reverred by his people after that and when he died, it was said that his body was buried near a freshwater spring located, strangely enough, on the beach. His men placed a large tree trunk over his burial ground so as not to disturb him and it is said that even today, that trunk still exists. Whenever anyone tried to chop the trunk, it would bleed.
The street fronting the Municipal Hall of Moalboal is called Laguno Street in honor of the warrior. Laguno's burial ground is said to be located underneath the mangroves near the tulay. The spring still exists today.
Cebu (Cebuano: Sugbo, Spanish: Cebú) is a province in the Philippines, consisting of Cebu island and 167 surrounding islands. It is located to the east of Negros, to the west of Leyte and Bohol islands. Cebu is a long narrow island stretching 225 kilometres from north to south, surrounded by 167 neighbouring smaller islands, that includes Mactan, Bantayan, Malapascua, Olango and the Camotes Islands. Cebu has narrow coastlines, limestone plateaus and coastal plains. It also has predominant rolling hills and rugged mountain ranges traversing the northern and southern lengths of the island. Cebu's highest mountains reach over 1,000 metre. Flat tracts of land can be found in the towns of Bogo, San Remigio, Medellin and Daanbantayan at the northern region of the province. Its capital is Cebu City, the oldest city in the Philippines which forms part of the Cebu Metropolitan Area together with four neighboring cities which include Danao City, Lapu-Lapu City, Mandaue City and Talisay City and eight other municipalities. Cebu's infastructure is served by the Mactan-Cebu International Airport located in Mactan island.
Cebu is one of the most developed provinces in the Philippines, with Cebu City as the main center of commerce, trade, education and industry in the central and southern islands of the Visayas. It has hotels, casinos, white sand beaches, golf courses and shopping malls. The United Kingdom based Condé Nast Traveler Magazine named Cebu the seventh best island destination in the Indian Ocean-Asia region in 2007, eighth best Asian-Pacific island destination in 2005, seventh in 2004 and fourth in 2009.
Cebu has a population of about 3.5 million people. Its largest city recorded a total population of 798,000 people. Cebuano is the official language spoken in Cebu and it is also spoken in most areas of the central Philippines, including Bohol, western Leyte, Negros, some parts of the southern Philippines, including Bukidnon, Agusan, Surigao, Davao, Cotabato and Zamboanga Peninsula. There are about 20 million speakers of Cebuano. Most of its people are conversant in other Philippine languages including Tagalog, as well as other Visayan languages such Hiligaynon, Waray-Waray and other languages. In the Camotes Islands a language related to Waray-Waray called Porohanon is spoken and in Santa Rosa, Bantayan Visayan is also spoken. Spanish is spoken by its mestizo and Spanish communities, while English is used on education, media, commerce and the government and Chinese is spoken by its Chinese community.
The patron of Cebu is the Our Lady of Guadalupe. But most of the people regard the Santo Niño de Cebu, the Holy Child Jesus as their patron saint. The statue is housed in the Basilica Minore del Santo Niño and San Nicholas de Tolentino. According to Philippine historical documents, the Santo Niño was given by the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan to the wife of the native chieftain of Cebu. The friendship is depicted in Cebu's cultural event, the Sinulog where street parades and loud drum beats preceded by a Christian mass is celebrated. Cebu has a Roman Catholic Archdiocese and has several major churches, including the Basilica Minore del Santo Niño, Cebu Metropolitan Cathedral, San Carlos Church, Santo Rosario Parish Church, San José-Recoletos Church, Sacred Heart Church and other Christian churches, as well as several other non-Catholic churches, mosque and temples.
Between the 13th and 16th century Cebu then known as Zubu (or Sugbo) was an island inhabited by Islamic and Animist tribes who traded with the neighboring islands of Malaysia and Indonesia. The arrival of Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan in 1521 established a period of Spanish exploration and colonization.
Losing favor for his plan of reaching the Spice Islands from king Manuel I of Portugal, by sailing west from Europe, Magellan offered his services to king Charles I of Spain. On September 20, 1519, Magellan led five ships with a crew of 250 people from the Spanish fort of Sanlúcar de Barrameda enroute to Southeast Asia via the Americas and Pacific Ocean. They reached the Philippines on March 16, 1521. Rajah Kolambu the chieftain of Mazaua told them to sail for Cebu, where they could trade and have provisions.
Arriving in Cebu City, Magellan, with Enrique of Malacca as translator, befriended Rajah Humabon the native chieftain of Cebu and persuaded the natives of allegiance to Charles I of Spain. Rajah Humabon and his wife were given Christian names and baptized as Carlos and Juana. The Santo Niño was presented to the native queen of Cebu, as a symbol of peace and friendship between the Spaniards and the Cebuanos. On April 14, Magellan erected a large wooden cross on the shores of Cebu. Afterwards, about 700 native Cebuanos were baptized.
Magellan soon heard of a tribal chieftain named, Datu Lapu-Lapu, in nearby Mactan Island. It was thought that Rajah Humabon and Datu Lapu-Lapu had been fighting for control of the flourishing trade in the area. On April 27, the Battle of Mactan occurred where the Spaniards were defeated and Magellan killed by tribes in Mactan Island. According to Italian historian and chronicler, Antonio Pigafetta, Magellan's body was never recovered despite efforts to trade for it with spice and jewels. Magellan's second in command, Juan Sebastián Elcano took his place as captain of the expedition and sailed their fleet back to Spain, circumnavigating the world.
Survivors of the Magellan expedition brought tales of a savage island in the East Indies with them when they returned to Spain. Consequently, several Spanish expeditions were sent to the islands but all ended in failure. In 1564, Spanish explorers led by Miguel López de Legazpi sailing from Mexico arrived in 1565 and established a colony. The Spaniards fought the chieftain Rajah Tupas and occupied the villages. The Spaniards established settlements, trade flourished and renamed the island to 'Villa del Santíssimo Nombre de Jesús' (Town of the Most Holy Name of Jesus). Cebu became the first European settlement established by the Spanish Cortés in the Philippines. In 1595, the Universidad de San Carlos (University of San Carlos) was established and in 1860, Cebu opened its forts to foreign trade. The first printing house ('Imprenta de Escondrillas y Cia') was established in 1873 and in 1880, the Colegio de la Inmaculada Concepcion (College of the Immaculate Conception) was established and the first periodical The Bulletin of Cebu ('El Boletin de Cebú') began publishing in 1886. On June 12, 1898 marked the end of the Spanish period and in 1901, Cebu became a municipality. The island became a charter province in February 24, 1937 during the American period.
Cebu, being one of the most densely populated island in the Philippines, served as a Japanese base during their occupation in World War II which began with the landing of Japanese soldiers in April 1942. Almost three years later in March 1945, combined Filipino and American forces landed and reoccupied the island during the liberation of the Philippines. Cebuano rebel soldiers led by an American, James Cushing is credited for the establishment of the Koga Papers which is said to have changed the American plans to retake the Philippines from Japanese occupation in 1944, by helping the United States and the Philippine Army enter Cebu in 1945. The following year the island achieved independence from colonial rule in 1946.
Infrastructure and electricity
The Mactan-Cebu International Airport on Mactan Island has regular direct flights to Hong Kong, Singapore, Taipei (Taiwan), Busan and Seoul (South Korea), Tokyo-Narita (Japan), Kota Kinabalu and Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia), Shanghai-Pudong (China) and Doha (Qatar). There are also direct transfer flights via the capital's NAIA that connects the city to other destinations in the world.
With the number of weekly international flights to and from MCIA is increasing, a new international terminal has been proposed. The Cebu International Port is the largest and the main port of entry in Cebu and of the Region of Central Visayas. Cebu also has several business districts attracting different industries. Among them is the Cebu Business Park, a prime business and financial center in Cebu City. Nearby is the Asiatown Information Technology Park, built on what was once the location of the Lahug Airport (Cebu's old airport prior to Mactan International), another business district that caters mostly to businesses related to the information technology industry such as software development, telecommunications, engineering research and development centers, business process outsourcing, including a number of call centers and other industrial businesses.
South of the city is the South Road Properties Special Economic Zone, a large reclaimed property. It is a prime real estate zone that will house a business district, a tourism zone and an industrial area patterned after the Mactan Export Processing Zone on nearby Mactan Island. The new South Coastal Highway, which stretches from Cebu City to Talisay passes through the property. A 1.2 kilometre tunnel, which passes beneath Plaza Independencia is currently being constructed at the highway's entrance in Cebu City to connect it with Sergio Osmeña Avenue which traverses the North Reclamation Area.
The city receives its electricity from an interconnection grid with the Leyte and Negros Geothermal Power Plants which also powers majority of the Visayan Islands. There are also coal fired power plants. Distribution of electricity is provided by the Visayas Electric Company. Telecommunication facilities in the city are abundant provided by some of the country's largest telecommunication companies. Connections to the internet are also available.
About 80% of its domestic shipping are located in Cebu. The island has the most domestic air and shipping and cargo vessels in the Philippines. The island also has a major industrial, commercial, trade and educational system. Its extensive international port facilities, its accessibility to Asia and the rest of the world has led more than a hundred firms, with multinational companies like Mitsumi, Pentax Corp., Marine Colloids, Fairchild Semiconductor, Tsuneishi Heavy Industries, Muramoto Audio-Visual, Lexmark International, Asahi Optical, Teradyne, NEC Technologies, Timex, Olympus Optical, United Technologies, Maithland-Smith, Taiyo Yuden and other companies to established manufacturing industries on the islands, leading the whole country in exports with growth rates for the past 5 years averaged close to 20% higher than that of the entire nation. Government support and incentives provide a major development for its growth.
Cebu's labor force is oriented towards non-agricultural lines and is rated one of the most productive work force in the country. High domestic and foreign tourist arrivals, geographic location, accessibility and natural resources have fueled the development growth of Cebu with an excellent industrial record and now the fastest growing economy in the Philippines.
Cebu is home to some national and international corporations like AAA Commercial Broker & Consultancy Inc, Ayala Corporation, JobsDB.com, Gaisano Group of Companies, Aboitiz Group of Companies, WG&A, Norkis Group of Companies, Bigfoot International, Lexmark Philippines Inc., Lhuillier Jewellers and among others. Its international port (cargo and container) is currently one of the busiest in the country. Homegrown brands in the city have expanded throughout the past years finding success in the national and even in the international market like Penshoppe, Oxygen, Loalde and Island Souvenirs. Other homegrown brands that have expanded outside the city and province include BO's Coffee Club, Julie's Bakeshop, Orange Brutus, Mother's Fried Chicken and other businesses.
Due to its burgeoning furniture-making industry, Cebu has been named as the furniture capital of the Philippines. The Department of Trade and Industry in Cebu is aiming to develop this aspect of Cebu's economy by specifically targeting small to medium enterprises or SMEs whose products are considered export quality. Cebu is also becoming an IT hub as many companies, either local or outsourced, are establishing their headquarters in Cebu. The city has become a site for various call centers, and BPOs. The Cebu Chamber of Commerce and Industry, an organization of Cebu's businesses, are hedging the city's growth and economy on information and communications technology, with the aim of making it a premier ICT investment, software and e-services hub in Southeast Asia. Shipbuilding companies in Cebu have manufactured bulk carriers of up to 70,000 metric tons deadweight (DWT) and double hulled fastcrafts as well.
The Cebu International Convention Centre serves as a landmark in recognition of Mandaue City’s involvement in the international trade since the establishment of Philippine history. As venue of the 12th ASEAN summit, the city continues to establish an important role in international industrial relation, becoming the core of development and strengthening its role as the growth centre of the province of Cebu.
The Philippine elementary school begins in grade 1 to grade 6. The high school program takes four years to finish, taken after graduating from elementary school. Cebu is the main educational institute in the central region of the country. It has several large universities each with a number of campus branches throughout Cebu City and more than a dozen other schools and universities specializing in various courses such as Medicine, Engineering, Nautical courses, Nursing, Law, Computer and IT and other professions.
The most prominent of these universities are the University of San Carlos, Cebu Doctors' University, University of the Philippines Cebu College, Cebu Normal University, University of San José-Recoletos, Cebu Institute of Technology, Asian College of Technology, University of Cebu, Southwestern University, University of the Visayas and Velez College / Cebu Institute of Medicine. Its newest university, Cebu Doctors' University (formerly Cebu Doctors' College) was elevated to university status on November 2004. It is located in the Cebu Boardwalk in nearby Mandaue City. Cebu's first film school, The International Academy of Film and Television was established on Mactan Island in 2004.
Cebu has television and cable stations namely: Cebu! Television Channel 28, Real Cebu Television (RCTV - 36) and the Cebu Catholic Television Network (CCTN 47) (a religious station partly owned and endorsed by the Archdiocese of Cebu). Cebu! Television Channel 28 and the Real Cebu Television (RCTV - 36) are only seen on cable television and CCTN operates an UHF frequency on channel 47 on free TV. It can also be accessed through Skycable's channel 56.
Despite having these local stations, Cebuanos prefer to watch the Philippines' two dominant television networks namely: ABS-CBN Broadcasting and GMA Network. While national newspapers have presence in the island, Cebu has English-language local newspapers: The Freeman, Sun-Star - Cebu and Cebu Daily News, while there are also Cebuano language newspapers, SunStar SuperBalita owned by Sun Star and Banat News owned by the Freeman. Each of the local newspapers sell for about 10 peso a copy, which is much cheaper than their national counterparts.
* Governor: Gwendolyn F. García
* 1st district: Rep. Eduardo Gullas (1-CEBU-KAMPI)
Cebu is subdivided into 6 cities and 47 municipalities. In 2007 the towns of Bogo, Carcar and Naga, respectively became cities. Bogo, Carcar and Naga, along with 13 other cities in the Philippines, were demoted back to townhood the next year by the Supreme Court citing that the 16 cities did not pass the requirements of cityhood.
* Sinulog is a religious festival celebrated every third Sunday of January. The feast is held in honor of the Christian image of the Señor Santo Niño de Cebú (Lord Holy Child of Cebu) and the arrival of Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan in the Philippines. The Fiesta Señor (Festival Lord) converge a procession and take part in a mardigras parade.
Editor for Asisbiz: Matthew Laird Acred
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