Jagdgeschwader 5 'Eismeer'
Jagdgeschwader 5 (JG 5) Eismeer was a Luftwaffe fighter Wing that served during World War II. As the name Eismeer (Ice Sea) implies, it was created to operate in the far North of Europe, namely Norway, Scandinavia and northern parts of Finland, all nearest the Arctic Ocean. Just over two dozen fighter aircraft that once served with JG 5 during the war still survive to the present day, more than from any other combat unit in the Axis air forces of World War II.
JG 5 was formed when elements of the I. Gruppe/JG 77  already stationed in Norway was redesignated as I./JG 5 in January 1942. The II. Gruppe was newly created and III. Gruppe was formed from elements of I./JG 1 in May. The unit had the responsibility for providing fighter-cover over occupied territories under Luftflotte 5, and also to provide fighter-support for the Heer (Army) units fighting on the Arctic front in the Murmansk area. JG 5 also had the important task of disrupting traffic on the Murmansk rail-line, as this was the main artery of the Karelian Front defenders.
I. Gruppe was based on the west coast of Norway, in Stavanger, to defend against Allied anti-shipping attacks. II. and III. Gruppe was stationed at Petsamo in Finland, to support operations in the East. JG 5 had to cope with challenges that were unique within the Luftwaffe, from 24-hour days during summer when the sun never set, to the complete darkness and extreme cold of the Polar winter.
By the beginning of Polar Summer of 1942, Luftflotte 5 had been reinforced and by July 1942 possessed a total of 250 serviceable aircraft. Operationally, these were controlled by Fliegerführer Nord-Ost Obstlt. Walter Lehwess-Litzmann, responsible for operations over the front-line and by Fliegerführer Lofoten, Oberst. Ernst-August Roth, responsible for anti-shipping operations. Due to the air superiority established by II. and III./JG 5 early in the year, Luftflotte 5 enjoyed a numerical and considerable qualitative superiority, and the Soviet opposition amounted to just 170 serviceable combat aircraft. Fliegerführer Nord-Ost also benefited from a Freya early-warning radar network.
During the Summer the Soviets brought in new units, including 20 lAP equipped with the new Yak-l and an effective counter to the Bf 109-F. On 19 July 7./JG 5's Lt. Bodö Helms and Ofw. Franz Dorr claimed one Yak-1 each, and Uffz. Werner Schumacher claimed two fighters shot down. ( Actual Soviet losses were five: a MiG-3, 3 Airacobras and Kittyhawks, and a Hurricane.) In return, JG 5's Fw. Leopold Knier and Uffz. Hans Dobrich (14 victories) were shot down. Both German pilots baled out. Knier was taken prisoner, but Dobrich walked back to his own lines.
Luftflotte 5 recorded 26 combat losses in July 1942, while the VVS lost 32 of its own aircraft shot down or missing, mainly to JG 5.
On 21 August, 6./JG 5 claimed 14 Soviet fighters shot down. According to Soviet records 2 LaGG-3s and 2 1-16s were shot down over Vayenga, and two aircraft made forced landings. JG 5 lost two Bf 109s, one flown by Staffelkapitän of 6./JG 5, ObIt. Hans Dieter Hartwein (16 Kills) posted missing.
During this period, overclaims were made by both sides. JG 5 claimed some 72 victories in August, but Soviet records indicate 24 Soviet aircraft lost with another 7 damaged and 13 aircraft missing, and another 4 were shot down by ground fire.
As 1942 wore on, the increased Allied air pressure towards Norway meant that a part of III. Gruppe and the newly created IV. Gruppe had to be stationed around Trondheim. A second part of III. Gruppe was stationed in Kirkenes, both to provide cover from marauding Soviet Air Force formations, and to help with the intensifying attacks against the Arctic convoys. Leutnant Heinrich Ehrler (6. JG 5) was awarded the Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes on 4 September for 64 victories.
By January 1943 I. and IV./JG 5 were stationed in Southern Norway, being equipped with the Fw 190A-2, A-3 and A-4. I./JG 5 had its bases on Lista, Sola, Kjevik and Herdla in the southern part of Norway. IV./JG 5 were distributed on bases around Trondheim, and were equipped with Bf 109Fs and Fw 190As. II. and III. Gruppe faced the Soviets on the Polar Sea Front; at this time they were equipped with the Bf 109F-4. Stab, 4./JG 5 and 6./JG 5 were stationed in Alakurtti, 5., 8., and 9./JG 5 were stationed at Kirkenes and 7./JG 5 was based at Petsamo. As early as March 1943 6. Staffel (commanded by Hpt. Heinrich Ehrler) reached 500 victories.
In early 1943 a Jabo (fighter-bomber) unit was formed within JG 5. 14.(J)/JG 5 was equipped with modified Fw 190A's and commanded by Hptm. Friedrich-Wilhelm Strakeljahn. In May 1943 the unit was responsible for the sinking of two submarines and two freighters within three days and by the end of 1943 has claimed to have sunk over 39,000 tons of Soviet merchant shipping in over 1,000 sorties.
In June 1943 Oberstlt. Gotthard Handrick was transferred to 8. Jagddivision, and replaced by the Gruppenkommandeur III./JG 5, Major Günther Scholz. Mid 1943 also saw JG 5 at its maximum strength. It consisted of 14 Staffeln; 12 regular single-engined fighter Staffels equipped with the Bf 109 and Fw 190, one Bf 110-equipped Zerstorerstaffel and finally the Jabo unit, 14.(J)/JG 5 with the Fw 190. 1943 was also the last year in which JG 5's four Gruppen had any sense of operational unity. I and II. Gruppe left Norway and Finland for good in late 1943 to fight the rest of the war away from their parent Geschwader.
In November 1943, I. Gruppe moved to Romania as protection for the vital Ploiesti oil refineries. The gruppe were placed under the command of Luftflotte 1 for the remainder of 1943. Gruppenkommandeur since February 1943 is Hauptmann Gerhard Wengel. He died defeinding Sofia in combat with USAAF on 10 January 1944, when, after I./JG 5 jet fighters destroed 3 "flying fortresses", his Me 109 crashed near Radomir. On 26 March 1944 Hauptmann Horst Carganico was appointed Gruppenkommandeur of I./JG 5 participating in the Reichsverteidigung (Defense of the Reich). After combat with USAAF B-17's on 27 May 1944, he was killed when his Bf 109 crashed after hitting high tension cables while force-landing near Chevry, France. Carganico had claimed 60 kills.
Hauptmann Gerhard Wengel Gruppenkommandeur of I./JG 5 "Eismeer" memorial slab in Sofia In 1944 I. Gruppe was redesignated as III./JG 6 and sent to France, and it was never replaced. In June - July 1944, Gruppenkommandeur Theodor Weissenberger was credited with 25 victories over Normandy (half the total score by the whole unit during this period).
II. Gruppe was transferred to Northern Russia under the command of Luftflotte 1, and then redesignated as IV./JG 4 and sent back to Germany in early 1945.
IV./JG 5 and 14./JG 5 were transferred to the Arctic Front from Southern Norway in August 1944. The Gruppe joined the first of several large air battles commencing on October 9, opposing the final Soviet offensive against Petsamo. When the day was over, III. and IV./JG 5 had claimed 85 Soviet aircraft shot down (among them the 3,000th victory for JG 5) against the loss of only one pilot killed.
On 1 August 1944 Major Heinrich Ehrler was promoted to Geschwaderkommodore of JG 5. In November 1944 IV./JG 5 returned to Southern Norway. Up to the end of the war this unit formed the air defence against the Allied raids on targets in Norway, principally the submarine bases at Trondheim and Bergen.
The Sinking of the Tirpitz
On 12 November 1944 Avro Lancaster bombers of 9 and 617 Squadrons raided the Tirpitz in Tromsö fjord. Major Ehrler scrambled to intercept at the head of a formation of JG 5 Bf 109G's, but the fighters were too late. The Tirpitz was sunk with the loss of a thousand sailors. Ehrler was court martialed and sentenced to three years Festungshaft, and stripped of his command. (He was killed flying with JG 7 on 4 April 1945).
Throughout its operational history JG 5 found itself faced with overwhelming numbers of Soviet aircraft. Often groups of 100-200 bombers and fighter planes had to be met with 20-30 German fighters. The losses suffered by JG 5 were remarkably low in comparison to the losses they inflicted on the enemy.
However, total losses of pilots (dead, captured or wounded) was at least 380 - essentially the entire operational strength replaced twice over three years. Total claims for aircraft shot down appear to be approximantely 3,200. In addition to the 208-kill ace Ehrler, JG 5 boasted several other high scoring aces, including Theodor Weissenberger, who scored 208 victories and Walter Schuck who scored 206 victories and was awarded the Knight's Cross with Oakleaves.
JG 5 airmen awarded the Knight's Cross
The name and rank, the last unit of JG 5, JG down at 5 in total victories, Knight's Cross
OFW. Heinrich Bartels 8./JG 5, 1947 by JG 5, 99 total, 13 November 1942
OFW. Albert Brunner 6./JG 5, 1953 with JG 5, 53 total, 7 March 1943
Maj. Horst Carganico I. / JG 5, JG 56 at 5, 60 total, 25 September 1941
HPT. Hugh Dahmer I. / JG 77, JG 25 on 77, 57 total, 8 January 1941
Lt. Hans Dobrich 6./JG 5, 65 at JG 5, 65 total, 19 September 1943
HTP. Franz Dorr III. / JG 5, 122 in JG 5, 128 total, 19 August 1944
Maj. Heinrich Ehrler Commodore JG 5, JG 200 at 5, 204 total, 21 October 1942, August 2, 1943 Oak Leaves
Lt. Rudi Linz 12./JG 5, 70 at JG 5, 70 total, March 1945
Lt. August Mors 1./JG 5, JG 60 at 5, 60 total, 24 October 1944
OFW. Rudolf Muller 6./JG 5, 1994 by JG 5, 94 total, 19 June 1942
Lt. Helmut Neumann 14./JG 5, 62 at JG 5, 62 total, 12 March, 1945
Lt. Norz Jacob 11./JG 5, 117 in JG 5, 117 total, 26 March 1944
Obl. Walter Schuck 10./JG 5, 198 in JG 5, 206 total, 4 August, 1944, Oak Leaves 30 September 1944
HPT. Strakeljahn Friedrich-Wilhelm 14./JG 5, 9 with JG 5, 9? total, 19 August 1943
Maj. Wiessenberger Theodor I. / JG 5, JG 200 at 5, 208 total, 13 November 1942, February 8, 1943 Oak Leaves
* Bjorn Hafsten[et.al.](1991). Flyalarm - Luftkrigen over Norge 1939-1945, Sem & Stenersen AS. (ISBN 82-7046-058-3).
* Luftwaffe.no, a reference site for the German airforces operating in Norway and Finland
* Girbig, Werner: Jagdgeschwader 5 'EismeerjÃ¤ger' (Motorbuch Verlag 1976)
Jagdgeschwader 5 'Eismeer'
Obstlt Gotthardt Handrick, May 1942 - Jun 1943
Obstlt Günther Scholz, Jun 1943 - May 1944
Maj Heinrich Ehrler, May 1944 - Feb 1945
Obstlt Günther Scholz, Feb 1945 - May 1945
Formed May 1942 in Petsamo. From 25 Mar 1945 the Stab also functioned as Jafu. Norwegen.
|May 1942 - Feb 1944||Petsamo||Bf 109E/F/G, Fw 190A|
|Feb 1944 - 10 May 1944||Alakurtti||Bf 109G|
|10 May 1944 - Dec 1944||Stavanger-Forus||Bf 109G|
|Dec 1944 - Mar 1945||Trondheim-Lade||Bf 109G, Fw 190A|
|Mar 1945 - May 1945||Stavanger-Forus||Bf 109G, Fw 190A|
Maj Joachim Seegert, 20 Jan 1942 - 20 Mar 1942
Hptm Joachim von Wehren, 20 Mar 1942 - Feb 1943
Hptm Gerhard Wengel, Feb 1943 - 10 Jan 1944
Olt Robert Muller (acting), 10 Jan 1944 - 25 Jan 1944
Maj Erich Gerlitz, 25 Jan 1944 - 16 Mar 1944
Maj Horst Carganico, 26 Mar 1944 - 27 May 1944
Hptm Theo Weissenberger, 4 Jun 1944 - 14 Oct 1944
Maj Horst Carganico personal emblem
Formed 20 Jan 1942 in Stavanger from I./JG77 (JGr. Stavanger) with:
Stab I./JG5 from Stab I./JG77 at Stavanger
1./JG5 from 1./JG77 at Kjevik
2./JG5 from 2./JG77 at Lister
3./JG5 from 3./JG77 at Herdla
On 16 Mar 1942 1./JG5 was redesignated 6./JG5, and was reformed from 10./JG1 on 21 Mar 1942.
In Aug 1944 increased to 4 staffeln:
4./JG5 from 4./JGr.Ost
On 14 Oct 1944 redesignated III./JG6 with :
Stab I./JG5 became Stab III./JG6
1./JG5 became 9./JG6
2./JG5 became 10./JG6
3./JG5 became 11./JG6
4./JG5 became 12./JG6
|20 Jan 1942 - 1 Aug 1943||Stavanger*||Bf 109F/G, Fw 190A|
|1 Aug 1943 - 15 Nov 1943||Frederikshavn**||Bf 109G|
|15 Nov 1943 - 9 Jan 1944||Targsorul-Nou||Bf 109G|
|9 Jan 1944 - Feb 1944||Sofia-Wrazdebna***||Bf 109G|
|Feb 1944 - 25 Feb 1944||Obertraubling||Bf 109G|
|25 Feb 1944 - 7 Jun 1944||Herzogenaurach||Bf 109G|
|7 Jun 1944 - 14 Jun 1944||Montdidier||Bf 109G|
|14 Jun 1944 - 2 Jul 1944||Peronne****||Bf 109G|
|2 Jul 1944 - 5 Aug 1944||Frieres||Bf 109G|
|5 Aug 1944 - 15 Aug 1944||Arpajon||Bf 109G|
|15 Aug 1944 - Oct 1944||Wunstorf||Bf 109G|
|Oct 1944 - 14 Oct 1944||Schwerin-Görries||Bf 109G|
* 1./JG5 at Kjevik (20 Jan 1942 - Feb 1942), Stavanger (Feb 1942 - Mar 1942) and Herdla (Mar 1942 - Aug 1943); 2./JG5 at Lister (20 Jan 1942 - Aug 1943) and 3./JG5 at Herdla (20 Jan 1942 - Aug 1943). Schwarme was also stationed at Trondheim, Kristiansand, Mandal and Oerlandet at various times.
** 2./JG5 remained in Lister until 30 Oct 1943.
*** part of 2./JG5 remained at Sofia-Wrazdebna until late Apr 1944 (as Ausbildungsstaffel fur Bulgaren)
**** Chauny and Manancourt was also used.
4./JG5 and 5./JG5.
Maj Hennig Strümpell, Jan 1942 - Apr 1942
Hptm Horst Carganico, Apr 1942 - 26 Mar 1944
Hptm Theo Weissenberger, 26 Mar 1944 - 3 Jun 1944
Olt Hans Tetzner, 4 Jun 1944 - 19 Jul 1944
Obstlt Franz Wienhusen, 1 Sep 1944 - Oct 1944
Hptm Herbert Treppe, Feb 1945 - May 1945
Staffelkapitäne 6./JG5: Lt Han Dobrich, 1943 personal emblem
Formed 25 Jan 1942 in Petsamo from Jagdgruppe z.b.V. with:
Stab II./JG5 from Stab/Jagdgruppe z.b.V.
4./JG5 from 4./JG77 in Alakurtti
5./JG5 from 14./JG77 in Petsamo
In Mar 1942 6./JG5 was formed from from 1./JG5 in Stavanger (later Alakurtti).
Aug 1944 increased to 4 staffeln:
7./JG5 from the old 4./JG5
8./JG5 from 9./JG5
In Oct 1944 II./JG5 was redesignated IV./JG4 with :
Stab II./JG5 became Stab IV./JG4
5./JG5 became 13./JG4
6./JG5 became 14./JG4
7./JG5 became 15./JG4
8./JG5 became 16./JG4
Reformed Feb 1945 in Herdla from parts of IV./ZG26 with:
Stab II./JG5 from Stab IV./ZG26
5./JG5 from 9./JG5
6./JG5 from 12./JG5
7./JG5 from 10./ZG26
|25 Jan 1942 - Apr 1942||Petsamo||Bf 109E|
|Apr 1942 - May 1942||Pori||Bf 109E/F|
|May 1942 - Oct 1942||Petsamo*||Bf 109F|
|Oct 1942 - 3 Nov 1943||Alakurtti*||Bf 109F/G|
|3 Nov 1943 - Mar 1944||Pleskau-Süd**||Bf 109G|
|Mar 1944 - Apr 1944||Alakurtti***||Bf 109G|
|Apr 1944 - 31 May 1944||Jakobstadt||Bf 109G|
|31 May 1944 - 15 Jun 1944||Gardelegen****||Bf 109G|
|15 Jun 1944 - 1 Jul 1944||Evreux||Bf 109G|
|1 Jul 1944 - 16 Oct 1944||Salzwedel||Bf 109G|
|16 Oct 1944 - Oct 1944||Finsterwalde||Bf 109G|
|Feb 1945 - May 1945||Herdla*****||Fw 190A, Bf 109G|
* 5./JG5 remained at Petsamo until early 1943. The other staffeln were also stationed at Petsamo, from time to time.
** parts of the Gruppe were also stationed at Idriza, Dno and Dorpat
*** 5./JG5 was stationed at Petsamo, and 6./JG5 at Salmijärvi
**** 9./JG5 was attached to the Gruppe from early Jun 1944.
***** 6./JG5 at Rygge and 7./JG5 at Stavanger-Sola
Two versions of 7./JG5 includes Stfkpt Hermann Segatz personal emblem and two versions of 8./JG5.
Hptm Günther Scholz, Mar 1942 - Jun 1943
Maj Heinrich Ehrler, Jun 1943 - May 1944
Hptm Franz Dorr, May 1944 - May 1945
Olt Rudolf Glückner (acting), 1944/45
Hptm Günther Scholz, Mar 1942 - Jun 1943 personal emblem
Formed 10 Mar 1942 in Trondheim from IV./JG1 with:
Stab III./JG5 from Stab IV./JG1
7./JG5 from 1.Einsatzstaffel/JG3 in Stavanger-Forus (Jan 1942)
8./JG5 from 11./JG1 in Trondheim
9./JG5 from 12./JG1 in Trondheim
In Jul 1942 9./JG5 became 10./JG5 and was transferred to IV./JG5, while a new 9./JG5 was formed from parts of 7. and 8./JG5.
In Aug 1944 increased to 4 staffeln (most of the old 9./JG5 had moved to Germany, and would become the new 8./JG5):
9./JG5 from the rest of the old 9./JG5
10./JG5 from the old 7./JG5
11./JG5 from the old 8./JG5
In Feb 1945 9/JG5 became 5./JG5, 12./JG5 became 7./JG5, and a new 9./JG5 was formed from 13./JG5. III./JG5 now had:
|Mar 1942 - Apr 1942||Trondheim*||Bf 109E|
|Apr 1942 - Oct 1944||Petsamo**||Bf 109E/F/G|
|Oct 1944 - 31 Oct 1944||Kirkenes||Bf 109G|
|31 Oct 1944 - 8 Nov 1944||Kaamanen||Bf 109G|
|8 Nov 1944 - 1 Dec 1944||Bardufoss & Alta***||Bf 109G, Fw 190A|
|1 Dec 1944 - 8 May 1945||Gossen****||Bf 109G, Fw 190A|
* 7./JG5 moved to Bodö Jan 1942, and joined the rest of III./JG5 in Apr 1942.
** Part of III./JG5 also used Kirkenes during this period.
*** Gruppenstab and 11./JG5 at Alta, with 9., 10. and 12./JG5 at Bardufoss.
**** 9./JG5 and 12./JG5 was based at Herdla
Two versions of 12./JG5 emblem
Hptm Hans Kriegel, 26 Jun 1942 - Apr 1944
Olt Rudolf Lüder (acting), 3 Oct 1943 - ?
Hptm Fritz Stendel, 15 May 1944 - May 1945
Formed 26 Jun 1942 in Trondheim-Lade from parts of JGr. Drontheim with:
Stab IV./JG5 from Stab/JGr. Drontheim
10./JG5 from 12./JG1
11./JG5 from Einsatzstaffel/JGr. Drontheim
12./JG5 from parts of JFS3
The unit was reorganised Aug 1944:
13./JG5 from the old 10./JG5
14./JG5 from the old 11./JG5
15./JG5 from the old 12./JG5
16./JG5 was formed Nov 1944 in in Stavanger.
In Feb 1945 13./JG5 became 9./JG5 and was transferred to III./JG5, and a new 13./JG5 was formed from the old 16./JG5. IV./JG5 now had:
|26 Jun 1942 - 1 Feb 1944||Trondheim-Lade*||Bf 109F/G, Fw 190A|
|1 Feb 1944 - Aug 1944||Stavanger-Sola**||Bf 109G, Fw 190A|
|Aug 1944 - 31 Oct 1944||Salmijärvi***||Bf 109G, Fw 190A|
|31 Oct 1944 - 6 Nov 1944||Nautsi||Bf 109G, Fw 190A|
|6 Nov 1944 - Mar 1945||Stavanger-Sola****||Bf 109G, Fw 190A|
|Mar 1945 - May 1945||Kjevik*****||Bf 109G, Fw 190A|
* 10./JG5 at Trondheim-Lade (Jun 1942 - Feb 1944); 11./JG5 at Alta (26 Jun 1942 - 6.7.52), Elvenes (6 Jul 1942 - 27 Jul 1942), Bodö (27 Jul 1942 - Sep 1942) and Trondheim-Lade (Sep 1942 - Feb 1944); 12./JG5 at Aalborg (26 Jun 1942 - Aug 1942), Oerlandet (Aug 1942 - Dec 1942) and Bodö (Dec 1942 - ?); In Jun 1943 11./JG5 was based at Stavanger and 11./JG5 at Herdla. In Oct 1943 10./JG5 moved to Gossen and 11./JG5 to Herdla
** only Gruppenstab and 12./JG5 moved to Stavanger
*** parts were also stationed at Petsamo, Nautsi, Berlevaag, Kaamanen and Bardufoss
**** 13. and 15./JG5 at Lister and 14./JG5 at Kjevik
***** 13. and 15./JG5 still at Lister.
Olt Felix Maria Brandis, 25 Jan 1942 - 2 Feb 1942
Olt Max Franzisket (acting), Feb 1942 - Mar 1942
Olt Karl-Fritz Schloßstein, Mar 1942 - Jun 1943
Olt Hans Kirchmeier (acting), Jun 1943 - Sep 1943
Hptm Herbert Treppe, Jun 1943 - Jul 1944
Formed 25 Jan 1942 in Kirkenes as 6.(Z)/JG5 from 1. (Z)/JG77. On 16 Mar 1942 renamed 10.(Z)/JG5, and on 26 Jun 1942 renamed NJ.Kdo.13.(Z)/JG5.
On 18 Jul 1944 redesignated 10./ZG26.
|16 Mar 1942 - 9 Jan 1944||Kirkenes*||Bf 110E/F/G|
|9 Jan 1944 - Jan 1944||Kiestinki||Bf 110G|
|Jan 1944 - 16 Feb 1944||Kirkenes||Bf 110G|
|16 Feb 1944 - May 1944||Herdla||Bf 110G|
|May 1944 - 18 Jul 1944||Trondheim-Lade||Bf 110G|
* Stationed in Stavanger for a few days in Sep 1943.
Hptm Friedrich-Wilhelm Strakeljahn, Feb 1943 - Feb 1944
Formed Feb 1943 in Petsamo from parts of 11./JG5. On 7 Feb 1944 redesignated 4./SG5.
|Feb 1943 - Feb 1944||Petsamo||Fw 190A|
Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen, Stab/JG5
Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen, I./JG5
Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen, II./JG5
Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen, III./JG5
Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen, IV./JG5
Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen, 13.(Z)/JG5
Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen, 14.(Jabo)/JG5
Surviving aircraft that served with JG 5
About twenty of JG 5's Messerschmitt Bf 109s, comprising six E-models, eight 109F-models and seven G-models; and five of JG 5's Focke-Wulf Fw 190s, four of them A-models and one F-model, survive into the 21st century, believed to be (at about 27 aircraft) the highest number of surviving World War II-era piston-engined German combat aircraft from any single Geschwader-designated operational unit. The oldest existing aircraft of all that served with JG 5 in World War II is the Bf 109E-3 with Werknummer 1983 that was assigned to JG 5's 5th Staffel, housed at Charleston Aviation Services, Colchester, England in the UK currently undergoing restoration, with the oldest Fw 190 remaining in the world, the A-2 model that served with JG 5, bearing Werknummer 5476, existing in Texas awaiting restoration. The lone surviving Fw 190F model that served with JG 5 is under restoration in Florida to possibly become the first restored, original F-series BMW 801 radial-engined Fw 190 since the end of World War II to fly again in coming years with The White 1 Foundation in Kissimmee, Florida.
Condition code: (A) = Airworthy (D) = Display (R) = Under restoration (S) = Stored (W) = Wreck (U) = Unknown Location
- Bf 109E-3 1983, ex-5/JG 5 "Red ?", Charleston Aviation Services, Colchester, UK (R)
- Bf 109E-3 2023, ex-Bf 109E-7, ex-8/JG 5 "Black 9" (pilot Ofw. Walter Sommer) - crashed 27 May 1943, Fighter Factory Virginia Beach, Virginia, USA (R)
- Bf 109E-3 3285, ex-Bf 109E-7, ex-4/JG 5 "Black 12", "White 4", "Yellow 2", Finnish AF Museum, Tikkakoski (S)
- Bf 109E-3 3523, ex-CS + AJ, ex-Bf 109E-7, ex-5/JG 5 "Red 6", Jim Pearce, Sussex, UK (S) with pre-restoration video
- Bf 109E-7 5975, ex-6/JG 5 "Yellow 4" - shot down 10 May 1942, Mighty Eighth Air Force Museum, Savannah, Georgia, USA (D) note: cockpit section from Bf 109G-2
JG 5's Bf 109F survivors
- Bf 109F-4 7108, ex-NE + ML, ex-9/JG 5, Central Finland Aviation Museum, Tikkakoski, Finland (D) 
- Bf 109F-4 7485, ex-9/JG 5 "Black 1" Charleston Aviation Services, UK (S)
- Bf 109F-4 10144, ex-6/JG 5 "Yellow 7" (pilot Fw. Albert Brunner) - crashed 5 September 1942, Air Assets International, Bloomfield, Colorado (R)
- Bf 109F-4 10212, ex-JG 5, Air Assets International, Bloomfield, Colorado, USA (S) : note: wings and parts
- Bf 109F-4 10256, ex-11/JG 5 Air Assets International, Bloomfield, Colorado, USA (S)
- Bf 109F-4 10276, ex-JG 5, Air Assets International, Bloomfield, Colorado, USA (S)
- Bf 109F-4 w/rn unknown, ex-JG 5 "White 4", Belgian (R) 
JG 5's Bf 109G survivors
- Bf 109G-2 10394, ex-6/JG 5 "Yellow 2" (pilot Fw. Erwin Fahldieck) - crashed 29 April 1943, Malcolm Laing, Texas, USA (R)
- Bf 109G-2 13427, ex-9/JG 5 "Yellow 2", Russia (S)
- Bf 109G-2/R1 13470, ex-CI + KS, ex-8/JG 5 "White 4",Norsk Luftfartsmuseum, Bodö, Norway (R)
- Bf 109G-2/R6 13927, ex-6/JG 5 "Yellow 6", USA (W)
- Bf 109G-1/R2 14141, ex-DG + UF, ex-2/JG 5 "Black 6", Flyhistorisk Museum, Sola, Norway (R)
- Bf 109G-2 14658, ex-KG-WF, ex-6/JG 5 "Yellow 2", Museum of the Air Forces of the Northern Fleet, Severomorsk, Russia (D)
- Bf 109G-2 14798 (VH-EIN), ex-GJ+QP, ex-8/JG 5 "Black 10", Christopher Kelly, Seaforth, Australia (R)
- Bf 109G-6 411768 ex-FN + RX, ex-RW + ZI, ex-II/JG 5 "Black 1", " Black 1 ", Vadim Zadorozny Technical Museum, Moscow, Russia (D) 
JG 5's Focke-Wulf Fw 190 survivors
- Fw 190 A-2, WNr. 5476, from JG 5, owned by Wade S. Hayes and currently located in Texas USA. It is thought to be one of the oldest Fw 190s still in existence. (R)
- Fw 190 A-3, WNr. 2219, from IV./JG 5, recovered from underwater location, currently being rebuilt for the Norwegian Air Force Museum. (R)
- Fw 190 A-8, WNr. 350177, from 12./JG 5, owned by Jon W. Houston and located at the Texas Air Museum in Rio Hondo, Texas, USA. (R)
- Fw 190 A-8, WNr. 732183, from 12./JG 5 as flown by Rudi Linz, a German ace with 79 victories, this aircraft was shot down over Norway by a British Mustang during the 'Black Friday' raid on 9 February 1945. The aircraft is currently owned by John W. Houston and currently under restoration at the Texas Air Museum. (R)
- Fw 190 F-8, WNr. 931862, from 9./JG 5, the "White 1" as flown by Unteroffizier Heinz Orlowski, who examined his former aircraft personally in 2005, during its restoration. Shot down by P-51s over Norway, and is a second surviving Axis aircraft from the February 9, 1945 "Black Friday" engagement. Under restoration in Kissimmee, Florida, USA by The White 1 Foundation, and is expected to be returned to airworthy status. (R)
Warnemünde Germany Map
Mosjoen harbor Norway Map
- Hafsten[et al.], Flyalarm - Luftkrigen over Norge 1939-1945, 145
- (Warbird Recovery)
- (Preserved Axis Aircraft Collection)
- White 4 (preserved axis aircraft page
- Black 1 (airliners phto collection)
- Bjørn Hafsten[et al.](1991). Flyalarm - Luftkrigen over Norge 1939-1945, Sem & Stenersen AS. (ISBN 82-7046-058-3).
- Luftwaffe.no, a reference site for the German airforces operating in Norway and Finland
- Girbig, Werner: Jagdgeschwader 5 "Eismeerjager" (Motorbuch Verlag 1976)
- Bundesarchiv-Militïärarchiv, Freiburg.
- Feldpostübersicht, RH 3/18 - 129. Has also been published by N. Kannapin in 3 volumes.
- Schematische Kriegsgliederung, RH 2. Has also been published in Kurt Mehner's Geheime Tagesberichte der OKW, 12 vols. Exists in full, for the period 8 Jun 1940 - 31 Dec 1943, and partly for 15 Apr 1944 - 7 May 1945
- Flugzeugunfälle und Verluste bei den fliegenden Verbanden, RL 2 III/184, 752 - 767, 1170 - 1198. The year 1944 is missing, but can be extracted from RL 2 III/852 (summarischen Verlustmeldungen).
- Flugzeugunfälle und Verluste bei Schulen und Sonstige Verbanden, RL 2 III/769 - 784
- Flugzeugbestand und bewegungsmeldungen, RL 2 III/874 - 882. Only covers the months Mar 1942 to Dec 1944. The rest is missing.
- Storkemeldungen der fliegenden Verbande, RL 2 III/1732 - 1765
- Übersicht über Soll, Istbestand, Einsatzbereitschaft, Verluste und Reserven der fliegenden Verbande, RL 2 III/700 - 734
- Flakübersicht Nov 1943 - Dec 1944, RL 2 III/1119 - 1122
- USAF Historical Research Agency, Maxwell AFB, Alabama
- K1028F - Eastern front 1942, incl. KTB Fliegerführer Süd (Feb 1942 - Aug 1942), extracts from Richthofen and Fiebig's diaries, monthly strength returns for entire eastern front, 60 page summary of 1. Luftwaffen-Flotilla (Siebel ferries) operations on Ladoga Sea
- K1028G - Eastern front 1943, mainly VIII. Fliegerkorps operations
- K1028Y & K1028X - KTB I. Jagdkorps (Sep 1943 - May 1944) and KTB 5. Jagddivision (Jun 1944).
- A1128 - German Order of Battle - Statistics as of Quarter Years, 1938-45 (parts of the USAF Strategic Bombing Survey)
Luftwaffe Emblem References:
- Junkers Ju 87: From 1936 to 1945 by Herbert Leonard Paperback
- Messerschmitt Me 110: Messerchmitt's twin-engined Bf 110, Me 210 and 410 by Dominique Breffort Perfect Paperback
- Focke-Wulf Fw 190: From 1939 to 1945 (Planes and Pilots) by Dominique Breffort Paperback
- Messerschmitt Me 109, Vol. 1: From 1936 to 1942 (Aircraft and Pilots) by Anis ElBied Paperback
Web References: +
- Wikipedia.org - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jagdgeschwader_5
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This webpage was updated 11th Oct 2020