Jagdgeschwader 5 'Eismeer'

Jagdgeschwader 5 (JG 5) Eismeer was a Luftwaffe fighter Wing that served during World War II. As the name Eismeer (Ice Sea) implies, it was created to operate in the far North of Europe, namely Norway, Scandinavia and northern parts of Finland, all nearest the Arctic Ocean. Just over two dozen fighter aircraft that once served with JG 5 during the war still survive to the present day, more than from any other combat unit in the Axis air forces of World War II.

History

1942

JG 5 was formed when elements of the already stationed in Norway was redesignated as I./JG 5 in January 1942. The II. Gruppe was newly created and III. Gruppe was formed from elements of I./JG 1 in May. The unit had the responsibility for providing fighter-cover over occupied territories under Luftflotte 5, and also to provide fighter-support for the Heer (Army) units fighting on the Arctic front in the Murmansk area. JG 5 also had the important task of disrupting traffic on the Murmansk rail-line, as this was the main artery of the Karelian Front defenders.

I. Gruppe was based on the west coast of Norway, in Stavanger, to defend against Allied anti-shipping attacks. II. and III. Gruppe was stationed at Petsamo in Finland, to support operations in the East. JG 5 had to cope with challenges that were unique within the Luftwaffe, from 24-hour days during summer when the sun never set, to the complete darkness and extreme cold of the Polar winter.

By the beginning of Polar Summer of 1942, Luftflotte 5 had been reinforced and by July 1942 possessed a total of 250 serviceable aircraft. Operationally, these were controlled by Fliegerführer Nord-Ost Obstlt. Walter Lehwess-Litzmann, responsible for operations over the front-line and by Fliegerführer Lofoten, Oberst. Ernst-August Roth, responsible for anti-shipping operations. Due to the air superiority established by II. and III./JG 5 early in the year, Luftflotte 5 enjoyed a numerical and considerable qualitative superiority, and the Soviet opposition amounted to just 170 serviceable combat aircraft. Fliegerführer Nord-Ost also benefited from a Freya early-warning radar network.

During the Summer the Soviets brought in new units, including 20 lAP equipped with the new Yak-l and an effective counter to the Bf 109-F. On 19 July 7./JG 5's Lt. Bodö Helms and Ofw. Franz Dorr claimed one Yak-1 each, and Uffz. Werner Schumacher claimed two fighters shot down. ( Actual Soviet losses were five: a MiG-3, 3 Airacobras and Kittyhawks, and a Hurricane.) In return, JG 5's Fw. Leopold Knier and Uffz. Hans Dobrich (14 victories) were shot down. Both German pilots baled out. Knier was taken prisoner, but Dobrich walked back to his own lines.

Luftflotte 5 recorded 26 combat losses in July 1942, while the VVS lost 32 of its own aircraft shot down or missing, mainly to JG 5.

On 21 August, 6./JG 5 claimed 14 Soviet fighters shot down. According to Soviet records 2 LaGG-3s and 2 1-16s were shot down over Vayenga, and two aircraft made forced landings. JG 5 lost two Bf 109s, one flown by Staffelkapitän of 6./JG 5, ObIt. Hans Dieter Hartwein (16 Kills) posted missing.

During this period, overclaims were made by both sides. JG 5 claimed some 72 victories in August, but Soviet records indicate 24 Soviet aircraft lost with another 7 damaged and 13 aircraft missing, and another 4 were shot down by ground fire.

As 1942 wore on, the increased Allied air pressure towards Norway meant that a part of III. Gruppe and the newly created IV. Gruppe had to be stationed around Trondheim. A second part of III. Gruppe was stationed in Kirkenes, both to provide cover from marauding Soviet Air Force formations, and to help with the intensifying attacks against the Arctic convoys. Leutnant Heinrich Ehrler (6. JG 5) was awarded the Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes on 4 September for 64 victories.

1943

By January 1943 I. and IV./JG 5 were stationed in Southern Norway, being equipped with the Fw 190A-2, A-3 and A-4. I./JG 5 had its bases on Lista, Sola, Kjevik and Herdla in the southern part of Norway. IV./JG 5 were distributed on bases around Trondheim, and were equipped with Bf 109Fs and Fw 190As. II. and III. Gruppe faced the Soviets on the Polar Sea Front; at this time they were equipped with the Bf 109F-4. Stab, 4./JG 5 and 6./JG 5 were stationed in Alakurtti, 5., 8., and 9./JG 5 were stationed at Kirkenes and 7./JG 5 was based at Petsamo. As early as March 1943 6. Staffel (commanded by Hpt. Heinrich Ehrler) reached 500 victories.

In early 1943 a Jabo (fighter-bomber) unit was formed within JG 5. 14.(J)/JG 5 was equipped with modified Fw 190A's and commanded by Hptm. Friedrich-Wilhelm Strakeljahn. In May 1943 the unit was responsible for the sinking of two submarines and two freighters within three days and by the end of 1943 has claimed to have sunk over 39,000 tons of Soviet merchant shipping in over 1,000 sorties.

In June 1943 Oberstlt. Gotthard Handrick was transferred to 8. Jagddivision, and replaced by the Gruppenkommandeur III./JG 5, Major Günther Scholz. Mid 1943 also saw JG 5 at its maximum strength. It consisted of 14 Staffeln; 12 regular single-engined fighter Staffels equipped with the Bf 109 and Fw 190, one Bf 110-equipped Zerstorerstaffel and finally the Jabo unit, 14.(J)/JG 5 with the Fw 190. 1943 was also the last year in which JG 5's four Gruppen had any sense of operational unity. I and II. Gruppe left Norway and Finland for good in late 1943 to fight the rest of the war away from their parent Geschwader.

In November 1943, I. Gruppe moved to Romania as protection for the vital Ploiesti oil refineries. The gruppe were placed under the command of Luftflotte 1 for the remainder of 1943. Gruppenkommandeur since February 1943 is Hauptmann Gerhard Wengel. He died defeinding Sofia in combat with USAAF on 10 January 1944, when, after I./JG 5 jet fighters destroed 3 "flying fortresses", his Me 109 crashed near Radomir. On 26 March 1944 Hauptmann Horst Carganico was appointed Gruppenkommandeur of I./JG 5 participating in the Reichsverteidigung (Defense of the Reich). After combat with USAAF B-17's on 27 May 1944, he was killed when his Bf 109 crashed after hitting high tension cables while force-landing near Chevry, France. Carganico had claimed 60 kills.

1944

Hauptmann Gerhard Wengel Gruppenkommandeur of I./JG 5 "Eismeer" memorial slab in Sofia In 1944 I. Gruppe was redesignated as III./JG 6 and sent to France, and it was never replaced. In June - July 1944, Gruppenkommandeur Theodor Weissenberger was credited with 25 victories over Normandy (half the total score by the whole unit during this period).

II. Gruppe was transferred to Northern Russia under the command of Luftflotte 1, and then redesignated as IV./JG 4 and sent back to Germany in early 1945.

IV./JG 5 and 14./JG 5 were transferred to the Arctic Front from Southern Norway in August 1944. The Gruppe joined the first of several large air battles commencing on October 9, opposing the final Soviet offensive against Petsamo. When the day was over, III. and IV./JG 5 had claimed 85 Soviet aircraft shot down (among them the 3,000th victory for JG 5) against the loss of only one pilot killed.

On 1 August 1944 Major Heinrich Ehrler was promoted to Geschwaderkommodore of JG 5. In November 1944 IV./JG 5 returned to Southern Norway. Up to the end of the war this unit formed the air defence against the Allied raids on targets in Norway, principally the submarine bases at Trondheim and Bergen.

The Sinking of the Tirpitz

On 12 November 1944 Avro Lancaster bombers of 9 and 617 Squadrons raided the Tirpitz in Tromsö fjord. Major Ehrler scrambled to intercept at the head of a formation of JG 5 Bf 109G's, but the fighters were too late. The Tirpitz was sunk with the loss of a thousand sailors. Ehrler was court martialed and sentenced to three years Festungshaft, and stripped of his command. (He was killed flying with JG 7 on 4 April 1945).

Achievements

Throughout its operational history JG 5 found itself faced with overwhelming numbers of Soviet aircraft. Often groups of 100-200 bombers and fighter planes had to be met with 20-30 German fighters. The losses suffered by JG 5 were remarkably low in comparison to the losses they inflicted on the enemy.

However, total losses of pilots (dead, captured or wounded) was at least 380 - essentially the entire operational strength replaced twice over three years. Total claims for aircraft shot down appear to be approximantely 3,200. In addition to the 208-kill ace Ehrler, JG 5 boasted several other high scoring aces, including Theodor Weissenberger, who scored 208 victories and Walter Schuck who scored 206 victories and was awarded the Knight's Cross with Oakleaves.

Knights Cross

JG 5 airmen awarded the Knight's Cross

The name and rank, the last unit of JG 5, JG down at 5 in total victories, Knight's Cross

  • OFW. Heinrich Bartels 8./JG 5, 1947 by JG 5, 99 total, 13 November 1942
  • OFW. Albert Brunner 6./JG 5, 1953 with JG 5, 53 total, 7 March 1943
  • Maj. Horst Carganico I. / JG 5, JG 56 at 5, 60 total, 25 September 1941
  • HPT. Hugh Dahmer I. / JG 77, JG 25 on 77, 57 total, 8 January 1941
  • Lt. Hans Dobrich 6./JG 5, 65 at JG 5, 65 total, 19 September 1943
  • HTP. Franz Dorr III. / JG 5, 122 in JG 5, 128 total, 19 August 1944
  • Maj. Heinrich Ehrler Commodore JG 5, JG 200 at 5, 204 total, 21 October 1942, August 2, 1943 Oak Leaves
  • Lt. Rudi Linz 12./JG 5, 70 at JG 5, 70 total, March 1945
  • Lt. August Mors 1./JG 5, JG 60 at 5, 60 total, 24 October 1944
  • OFW. Rudolf Muller 6./JG 5, 1994 by JG 5, 94 total, 19 June 1942
  • Lt. Helmut Neumann 14./JG 5, 62 at JG 5, 62 total, 12 March, 1945
  • Lt. Norz Jacob 11./JG 5, 117 in JG 5, 117 total, 26 March 1944
  • Obl. Walter Schuck 10./JG 5, 198 in JG 5, 206 total, 4 August, 1944, Oak Leaves 30 September 1944
  • HPT. Strakeljahn Friedrich-Wilhelm 14./JG 5, 9 with JG 5, 9? total, 19 August 1943
  • Maj. Wiessenberger Theodor I. / JG 5, JG 200 at 5, 208 total, 13 November 1942, February 8, 1943 Oak Leaves

References

  1. 1. Hafsten[et.al.], Flyalarm - Luftkrigen over Norge 1939-1945, P145
  2. * Bjørn Hafsten[et.al.](1991). Flyalarm - Luftkrigen over Norge 1939-1945, Sem & Stenersen AS. (ISBN 82-7046-058-3).
  3. * Luftwaffe.no, a reference site for the German airforces operating in Norway and Finland
  4. * Girbig, Werner: Jagdgeschwader 5 'Eismeerjäger' (Motorbuch Verlag 1976)

Jagdgeschwader 5 'Eismeer'

Geschwaderkommodoren:

JG 5

Stab:

Formed May 1942 in Petsamo. From 25 Mar 1945 the Stab also functioned as

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
May 1942 - Feb 1944 Petsamo   Bf 109E/F/G, Fw 190A
Feb 1944 - 10 May 1944 Alakurtti   Bf 109G
10 May 1944 - Dec 1944 Stavanger-Forus   Bf 109G
Dec 1944 - Mar 1945 Trondheim-Lade   Bf 109G, Fw 190A
Mar 1945 - May 1945 Stavanger-Forus   Bf 109G, Fw 190A

JG 5

I. Gruppe:

Gruppenkommandeure:

Formed 20 Jan 1942 in Stavanger from I./JG77 with:

Stab I./JG5 from Stab I./JG77 at Stavanger
1./JG5 from 1./JG77 at Kjevik
2./JG5 from 2./JG77 at Lister
3./JG5 from 3./JG77 at Herdla

On 16 Mar 1942 1./JG5 was redesignated 6./JG5, and was reformed from on 21 Mar 1942.

In Aug 1944 increased to 4 staffeln:

1./JG5 unchanged
2./JG5 unchanged
3./JG5 unchanged
4./JG5 from

On 14 Oct 1944 redesignated with :

Stab I./JG5 became Stab III./JG6
1./JG5 became 9./JG6
2./JG5 became 10./JG6
3./JG5 became 11./JG6
4./JG5 became 12./JG6

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
20 Jan 1942 - 1 Aug 1943 Stavanger*   Bf 109F/G, Fw 190A
1 Aug 1943 - 15 Nov 1943 Frederikshavn**   Bf 109G
15 Nov 1943 - 9 Jan 1944 Targsorul-Nou   Bf 109G
9 Jan 1944 - Feb 1944 Sofia-Wrazdebna***   Bf 109G
Feb 1944 - 25 Feb 1944 Obertraubling   Bf 109G
25 Feb 1944 - 7 Jun 1944 Herzogenaurach   Bf 109G
7 Jun 1944 - 14 Jun 1944 Montdidier   Bf 109G
14 Jun 1944 - 2 Jul 1944 Peronne****   Bf 109G
2 Jul 1944 - 5 Aug 1944 Frieres   Bf 109G
5 Aug 1944 - 15 Aug 1944 Arpajon   Bf 109G
15 Aug 1944 - Oct 1944 Wunstorf   Bf 109G
Oct 1944 - 14 Oct 1944 Schwerin-Görries   Bf 109G

* 1./JG5 at Kjevik (20 Jan 1942 - Feb 1942), Stavanger (Feb 1942 - Mar 1942) and Herdla (Mar 1942 - Aug 1943); 2./JG5 at Lister (20 Jan 1942 - Aug 1943) and 3./JG5 at Herdla (20 Jan 1942 - Aug 1943). Schwarme was also stationed at Trondheim, Kristiansand, Mandal and Oerlandet at various times.

** 2./JG5 remained in Lister until 30 Oct 1943.

*** part of 2./JG5 remained at Sofia-Wrazdebna until late Apr 1944 (as Ausbildungsstaffel fur Bulgaren)

**** Chauny and Manancourt was also used.

JG 5

II. Gruppe:

Gruppenkommandeure:

Staffelkapitäne 6./JG5:

  • Lt Han Dobrich, 1943

Formed 25 Jan 1942 in Petsamo from with:

Stab II./JG5 from Stab/Jagdgruppe z.b.V.
4./JG5 from 4./JG77 in Alakurtti
5./JG5 from 14./JG77 in Petsamo

In Mar 1942 6./JG5 was formed from from 1./JG5 in Stavanger (later Alakurtti).

Aug 1944 increased to 4 staffeln:



5/.JG 5

5./JG5 unchanged

6/.JG 5

6./JG5 unchanged

7/.JG 5

7./JG5 from the old 4./JG5
8./JG5 from 9./JG5

In Oct 1944 II./JG5 was redesignated with :

Stab II./JG5 became Stab IV./JG4
5./JG5 became 13./JG4
6./JG5 became 14./JG4
7./JG5 became 15./JG4
8./JG5 became 16./JG4

Reformed Feb 1945 in Herdla from parts of with:

Stab II./JG5 from Stab IV./ZG26
5./JG5 from 9./JG5
6./JG5 from 12./JG5
7./JG5 from 10./ZG26

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
25 Jan 1942 - Apr 1942 Petsamo   Bf 109E
Apr 1942 - May 1942 Pori   Bf 109E/F
May 1942 - Oct 1942 Petsamo*   Bf 109F
Oct 1942 - 3 Nov 1943 Alakurtti*   Bf 109F/G
3 Nov 1943 - Mar 1944 Pleskau-Süd**   Bf 109G
Mar 1944 - Apr 1944 Alakurtti***   Bf 109G
Apr 1944 - 31 May 1944 Jakobstadt   Bf 109G
31 May 1944 - 15 Jun 1944 Gardelegen****   Bf 109G
15 Jun 1944 - 1 Jul 1944 Evreux   Bf 109G
1 Jul 1944 - 16 Oct 1944 Salzwedel   Bf 109G
16 Oct 1944 - Oct 1944 Finsterwalde   Bf 109G
Feb 1945 - May 1945 Herdla*****   Fw 190A, Bf 109G

* 5./JG5 remained at Petsamo until early 1943. The other staffeln were also stationed at Petsamo, from time to time.

** parts of the Gruppe were also stationed at Idriza, Dno and Dorpat

*** 5./JG5 was stationed at Petsamo, and 6./JG5 at Salmijärvi

**** 9./JG5 was attached to the Gruppe from early Jun 1944.

***** 6./JG5 at Rygge and 7./JG5 at Stavanger-Sola

JG 5

III. Gruppe:

Gruppenkommandeure:

Formed 10 Mar 1942 in Trondheim from with:

Stab III./JG5 from Stab IV./JG1

JG 5JG 5

7./JG5 from in Stavanger-Forus (Jan 1942)
8./JG5 from 11./JG1 in Trondheim
9./JG5 from 12./JG1 in Trondheim

In Jul 1942 9./JG5 became 10./JG5 and was transferred to IV./JG5, while a new 9./JG5 was formed from parts of 7. and 8./JG5.

In Aug 1944 increased to 4 staffeln (most of the old 9./JG5 had moved to Germany, and would become the new 8./JG5):

9./JG5 from the rest of the old 9./JG5
10./JG5 from the old 7./JG5
11./JG5 from the old 8./JG5
12./JG5 new

In Feb 1945 9/JG5 became 5./JG5, 12./JG5 became 7./JG5, and a new 9./JG5 was formed from 13./JG5. III./JG5 now had:

9./JG5
10./JG5
11./JG5

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
Mar 1942 - Apr 1942 Trondheim*   Bf 109E
Apr 1942 - Oct 1944 Petsamo**   Bf 109E/F/G
Oct 1944 - 31 Oct 1944 Kirkenes   Bf 109G
31 Oct 1944 - 8 Nov 1944 Kaamanen   Bf 109G
8 Nov 1944 - 1 Dec 1944 Bardufoss & Alta***   Bf 109G, Fw 190A
1 Dec 1944 - 8 May 1945 Gossen****   Bf 109G, Fw 190A

* 7./JG5 moved to Bodö Jan 1942, and joined the rest of III./JG5 in Apr 1942.

** Part of III./JG5 also used Kirkenes during this period.

*** Gruppenstab and 11./JG5 at Alta, with 9., 10. and 12./JG5 at Bardufoss.

**** 9./JG5 and 12./JG5 was based at Herdla

IV.JG 5

IV. Gruppe:

Gruppenkommandeure:

  • Hptm Hans Kriegel, 26 Jun 1942 - Apr 1944
  • Olt Rudolf Lüder (acting), 3 Oct 1943 - ?
  • Hptm Fritz Stendel, 15 May 1944 - May 1945

Formed 26 Jun 1942 in Trondheim-Lade from parts of with:

Stab IV./JG5 from Stab/JGr. Drontheim
10./JG5 from
11./JG5 from Einsatzstaffel/JGr. Drontheim

12.JG 512.JG 5

12./JG5 from parts of JFS3

The unit was reorganised Aug 1944:

13./JG5 from the old 10./JG5
14./JG5 from the old 11./JG5
15./JG5 from the old 12./JG5

16./JG5 was formed Nov 1944 in in Stavanger.

In Feb 1945 13./JG5 became 9./JG5 and was transferred to III./JG5, and a new 13./JG5 was formed from the old 16./JG5. IV./JG5 now had:

13./JG5
14./JG4
15./JG5

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
26 Jun 1942 - 1 Feb 1944 Trondheim-Lade*   Bf 109F/G, Fw 190A
1 Feb 1944 - Aug 1944 Stavanger-Sola**   Bf 109G, Fw 190A
Aug 1944 - 31 Oct 1944 Salmijärvi***   Bf 109G, Fw 190A
31 Oct 1944 - 6 Nov 1944 Nautsi   Bf 109G, Fw 190A
6 Nov 1944 - Mar 1945 Stavanger-Sola****   Bf 109G, Fw 190A
Mar 1945 - May 1945 Kjevik*****   Bf 109G, Fw 190A

* 10./JG5 at Trondheim-Lade (Jun 1942 - Feb 1944); 11./JG5 at Alta (26 Jun 1942 - 6.7.52), Elvenes (6 Jul 1942 - 27 Jul 1942), Bodö (27 Jul 1942 - Sep 1942) and Trondheim-Lade (Sep 1942 - Feb 1944); 12./JG5 at Aalborg (26 Jun 1942 - Aug 1942), Oerlandet (Aug 1942 - Dec 1942) and Bodö (Dec 1942 - ?); In Jun 1943 11./JG5 was based at Stavanger and 11./JG5 at Herdla. In Oct 1943 10./JG5 moved to Gossen and 11./JG5 to Herdla

** only Gruppenstab and 12./JG5 moved to Stavanger

*** parts were also stationed at Petsamo, Nautsi, Berlevaag, Kaamanen and Bardufoss

**** 13. and 15./JG5 at Lister and 14./JG5 at Kjevik

***** 13. and 15./JG5 still at Lister.

13. (Z)/JG5:

Staffelkapitäne:

  • Olt Felix Maria Brandis, 25 Jan 1942 - 2 Feb 1942
  • Olt Max Franzisket (acting), Feb 1942 - Mar 1942
  • Olt Karl-Fritz Schloßstein, Mar 1942 - Jun 1943
  • Olt Hans Kirchmeier (acting), Jun 1943 - Sep 1943
  • Hptm Herbert Treppe, Jun 1943 - Jul 1944

 

Formed 25 Jan 1942 in Kirkenes as 6.(Z)/JG5 from On 16 Mar 1942 renamed 10.(Z)/JG5, and on 26 Jun 1942 renamed NJ.Kdo.13.(Z)/JG5.

On 18 Jul 1944 redesignated

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
16 Mar 1942 - 9 Jan 1944 Kirkenes*   Bf 110E/F/G
9 Jan 1944 - Jan 1944 Kiestinki   Bf 110G
Jan 1944 - 16 Feb 1944 Kirkenes   Bf 110G
16 Feb 1944 - May 1944 Herdla   Bf 110G
May 1944 - 18 Jul 1944 Trondheim-Lade   Bf 110G

* Stationed in Stavanger for a few days in Sep 1943.

14. (Jabo)/JG5:

Staffelkapitän:

  • Hptm Friedrich-Wilhelm Strakeljahn, Feb 1943 - Feb 1944

Formed Feb 1943 in Petsamo from parts of 11./JG5. On 7 Feb 1944 redesignated

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
Feb 1943 - Feb 1944 Petsamo   Fw 190A
  • Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen,
  • Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen,
  • Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen,
  • Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen,
  • Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen,
  • Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen,
  • Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen,

Surviving aircraft that served with JG 5

About twenty of JG 5's Messerschmitt Bf 109s, comprising six E-models, eight 109F-models and seven G-models; and five of JG 5's Focke-Wulf Fw 190s, four of them A-models and one F-model, survive into the 21st century, believed to be (at about 27 aircraft) the highest number of surviving World War II-era piston-engined German combat aircraft from any single Geschwader-designated operational unit. The oldest existing aircraft of all that served with JG 5 in World War II is the Bf 109E-3 with Werknummer 1983 that was assigned to JG 5's 5th Staffel, housed at Charleston Aviation Services, Colchester, England in the UK currently undergoing restoration, with the oldest Fw 190 remaining in the world, the A-2 model that served with JG 5, bearing Werknummer 5476, existing in Texas awaiting restoration. The lone surviving Fw 190F model that served with JG 5 is under restoration in Florida to possibly become the first restored, original F-series BMW 801 radial-engined Fw 190 since the end of World War II to fly again in coming years with The White 1 Foundation in Kissimmee, Florida.

Condition code: (A) = Airworthy (D) = Display (R) = Under restoration (S) = Stored (W) = Wreck (U) = Unknown Location

  • Bf 109E-3 1983, ex-5/JG 5 "Red ?", Charleston Aviation Services, Colchester, UK (R)
  • Bf 109E-3 2023, ex-Bf 109E-7, ex-8/JG 5 "Black 9" (pilot Ofw. Walter Sommer) - crashed 27 May 1943, Fighter Factory Virginia Beach, Virginia, USA (R)
  • Bf 109E-3 3285, ex-Bf 109E-7, ex-4/JG 5 "Black 12", "White 4", "Yellow 2", Finnish AF Museum, Tikkakoski (S)
  • Bf 109E-3 3523, ex-CS + AJ, ex-Bf 109E-7, ex-5/JG 5 "Red 6", Jim Pearce, Sussex, UK (S) with pre-restoration video
  • Bf 109E-7 5975, ex-6/JG 5 "Yellow 4" - shot down 10 May 1942, Mighty Eighth Air Force Museum, Savannah, Georgia, USA (D) note: cockpit section from Bf 109G-2

JG 5's Bf 109F survivors

  • Bf 109F-4 7108, ex-NE + ML, ex-9/JG 5, Central Finland Aviation Museum, Tikkakoski, Finland (D)
  • Bf 109F-4 7485, ex-9/JG 5 "Black 1" Charleston Aviation Services, UK (S)
  • Bf 109F-4 10144, ex-6/JG 5 "Yellow 7" (pilot Fw. Albert Brunner) - crashed 5 September 1942, Air Assets International, Bloomfield, Colorado (R)
  • Bf 109F-4 10212, ex-JG 5,Air Assets International, Bloomfield, Colorado, USA (S) : note: wings and parts
  • Bf 109F-4 10256, ex-11/JG 5 < Air Assets International, Bloomfield, Colorado, USA (S)
  • Bf 109F-4 10276, ex-JG 5, Air Assets International, Bloomfield, Colorado, USA (S)
  • Bf 109F-4 w/rn unknown, ex-JG 5 "White 4", Belgian (R)

JG 5's Bf 109G survivors

  • Bf 109G-2 10394, ex-6/JG 5 "Yellow 2" (pilot Fw. Erwin Fahldieck) - crashed 29 April 1943, Malcolm Laing, Texas, USA (R)
  • Bf 109G-2 13427, ex-9/JG 5 "Yellow 2", Russia (S)
  • Bf 109G-2/R1 13470, ex-CI + KS, ex-8/JG 5 "White 4",Norsk Luftfartsmuseum, Bodö, Norway (R)
  • Bf 109G-2/R6 13927, ex-6/JG 5 "Yellow 6", USA (W)
  • Bf 109G-1/R2 14141, ex-DG + UF, ex-2/JG 5 "Black 6", Flyhistorisk Museum, Sola, Norway (R)
  • Bf 109G-2 14658, ex-KG-WF, ex-6/JG 5 "Yellow 2", Museum of the Air Forces of the Northern Fleet, Severomorsk, Russia (D)
  • Bf 109G-2 14798 (VH-EIN), ex-GJ+QP, ex-8/JG 5 "Black 10", Christopher Kelly, Seaforth, Australia (R)
  • Bf 109G-6 411768 ex-FN + RX, ex-RW + ZI, ex-II/JG 5 "Black 1", " Black 1 ", Vadim Zadorozny Technical Museum, Moscow, Russia (D)

JG 5's Focke-Wulf Fw 190 survivors

  • Fw 190 A-2, WNr. 5476, from JG 5, owned by Wade S. Hayes and currently located in Texas USA. It is thought to be one of the oldest Fw 190s still in existence. (R)
  • Fw 190 A-3, WNr. 2219, from IV./JG 5, recovered from underwater location, currently being rebuilt for the Norwegian Air Force Museum. (R)
  • Fw 190 A-8, WNr. 350177, from 12./JG 5, owned by Jon W. Houston and located at the Texas Air Museum in Rio Hondo, Texas, USA. (R)
  • Fw 190 A-8, WNr. 732183, from 12./JG 5 as flown by Rudi Linz, a German ace with 79 victories, this aircraft was shot down over Norway by a British Mustang during the 'Black Friday' raid on 9 February 1945. The aircraft is currently owned by John W. Houston and currently under restoration at the Texas Air Museum. (R)
  • Fw 190 F-8, WNr. 931862, from 9./JG 5, the "White 1" as flown by Unteroffizier Heinz Orlowski, who examined his former aircraft personally in 2005, during its restoration. Shot down by P-51s over Norway, and is a second surviving Axis aircraft from the February 9, 1945 "Black Friday" engagement. Under restoration in Kissimmee, Florida, USA by The White 1 Foundation, and is expected to be returned to airworthy status. (R)

Other References:

  • Hafsten[et al.], Flyalarm - Luftkrigen over Norge 1939-1945, 145
  • (Warbird Recovery)
  • (Preserved Axis Aircraft Collection)
  • White 4 (preserved axis aircraft page
  • Black 1 (airliners phto collection)

Web References:

  • http://www.ww2.dk/
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jagdgeschwader_5
  • http://www.feldgrau.com/luft.html
  • http://www.lexikon-der-wehrmacht.de/

Book References:

  • Bjørn Hafsten[et al.](1991). Flyalarm - Luftkrigen over Norge 1939-1945, Sem & Stenersen AS. (ISBN 82-7046-058-3).
  • Luftwaffe.no, a reference site for the German airforces operating in Norway and Finland
  • Girbig, Werner: Jagdgeschwader 5 "Eismeerjager" (Motorbuch Verlag 1976)
  • Bundesarchiv-Militïärarchiv, Freiburg.
  • Feldpostübersicht, RH 3/18 - 129. Has also been published by N. Kannapin in 3 volumes.
  • Schematische Kriegsgliederung, RH 2. Has also been published in Kurt Mehner's Geheime Tagesberichte der OKW, 12 vols. Exists in full, for the period 8 Jun 1940 - 31 Dec 1943, and partly for 15 Apr 1944 - 7 May 1945
  • Flugzeugunfälle und Verluste bei den fliegenden Verbanden, RL 2 III/184, 752 - 767, 1170 - 1198. The year 1944 is missing, but can be extracted from RL 2 III/852 (summarischen Verlustmeldungen).
  • Flugzeugunfälle und Verluste bei Schulen und Sonstige Verbanden, RL 2 III/769 - 784
  • Flugzeugbestand und bewegungsmeldungen, RL 2 III/874 - 882. Only covers the months Mar 1942 to Dec 1944. The rest is missing.
  • Storkemeldungen der fliegenden Verbande, RL 2 III/1732 - 1765
  • Übersicht über Soll, Istbestand, Einsatzbereitschaft, Verluste und Reserven der fliegenden Verbande, RL 2 III/700 - 734
  • Flakübersicht Nov 1943 - Dec 1944, RL 2 III/1119 - 1122
  • Kriegstagebücher
  • USAF Historical Research Agency, Maxwell AFB, Alabama
  • K1028F - Eastern front 1942, incl. KTB Fliegerführer Süd (Feb 1942 - Aug 1942), extracts from Richthofen and Fiebig's diaries, monthly strength returns for entire eastern front, 60 page summary of 1. Luftwaffen-Flotilla (Siebel ferries) operations on Ladoga Sea
  • K1028G - Eastern front 1943, mainly VIII. Fliegerkorps operations
  • K1028Y & K1028X - KTB I. Jagdkorps (Sep 1943 - May 1944) and KTB 5. Jagddivision (Jun 1944).
  • A1128 - German Order of Battle - Statistics as of Quarter Years, 1938-45 (parts of the USAF Strategic Bombing Survey)

Luftwaffe Emblem References:

  • Junkers Ju 87: From 1936 to 1945 by Herbert Leonard Paperback
  • Messerschmitt Me 110: Messerchmitt's twin-engined Bf 110, Me 210 and 410 by Dominique Breffort Perfect Paperback
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190: From 1939 to 1945 (Planes and Pilots) by Dominique Breffort Paperback
  • Messerschmitt Me 109, Vol. 1: From 1936 to 1942 (Aircraft and Pilots) by Anis ElBied Paperback

 

 Send Mail  
Please help us to improve these articles with any additional information or photo's. 
If you should encounter any bugs   broken links,  or display errors just email us.

If you love our website please add a like on facebook or follow us on Google+

Asisbiz has been running since July 2006 this section was updated 5th January 2019

 

Please donate so we can make this site even better !!

 

This webpage was updated 5th January 2019