Macchi MC205 Veltro - Greyhound
National origin:- Italy Role:- Fighter Manufacturer:- Aeronautica Macchi Designer: Mario Castoldi First flight:- 19th April 1942 Introduction:- February 1943 Retired:- Retired 1947 (Italy) 1950 (Egypt) Primary users:- Regia Aeronautica, Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana, Luftwaffe, Royal Egyptian Air Force Produced :- September 1942 - May 1944 Number built :- 262 Developed from: Macchi C.202
The Macchi C.205 (also known as MC.205, 'MC' standing for 'Macchi Castoldi') Veltro (Italian: Greyhound) was an Italian World War II fighter aircraft built by the Aeronautica Macchi. Along with the Reggiane Re.2005 and Fiat G.55, the Macchi C.205 was one of the three 'Serie 5' Italian fighters built around the powerful Daimler-Benz DB 605 engine. The C.205 was a development of the earlier C.202 Folgore. With a top speed of some 400 mph and equipped with a pair of 20 mm cannon as well as 12.7 mm Breda machine guns, the Macchi C.205 Veltro was highly respected by Allied and Luftwaffe pilots alike. Regarded as the best Italian aircraft of World War II, in action it proved to be extremely effective, destroying a large number of Allied bombers and capable of successfully taking on equal terms with such renowned fighters as North American P-51D Mustang, a capability which encouraged the Luftwaffe to use a number of these aircraft to equip one Gruppe.
But, although the C.205 was able to match the best Allied opponents in speed and maneuverability, it was introduced late in the conflict. Moreover, due to poor industrial capability, only a small production run was delivered before the end of the war. Like the Spitfire, the Veltro was tricky (in its construction), and thus slow, to build. Italy's highest scoring ace, Adriano Visconti, achieved 11 of his 26 credited victories in the few weeks he was able to fly in the Veltro, with the top scoring 205 Sergente Maggiore pilota Luigi Gorrini shooting down 14 enemy aircraft plus six damaged with the C.205.
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