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Ilyushin DB-3
0 Map Eastern Europe German Soviet Offensive 1941 0 Profile Ilyushin DB 3 captured by Luftwaffe coded DF 23 Germany 0 Profile Ilyushin DB 3T 1GMTAP White 5 Baltic Fleet Russia 1942 0A 0 Profile Ilyushin DB 3T GMTAP White 12 and Black 9 Soviet Russia 0A Ilyushin DB 3A is preparing for departure pre war photo 01 Ilyushin DB 3M FAF LeLv36 VP101 Finland 1940 01
Ilyushin DB 3M FAF LeLv36 VP101 Finland 1940 Profile 0A Ilyushin DB 3M FAF LeLv48 DB19 Luonetjarvi Finland 1942 01 Ilyushin DB 3 only surviver Central Museum Monino Russia 01 Ilyushin DB 3 only surviver Central Museum Monino Russia 02 Ilyushin DB 3 only surviver Central Museum Monino Russia 03 Ilyushin DB 3 walk around Central Museum Monino Russia 01
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Ilyushin DB-3 Ильюшин ДБ-3 Дальний бомбардировщик

Ilyushin DB-3

Role Bomber, torpedo-bomber
Manufacturer Ilyushin
First flight 1935
Primary user Soviet Air Force
Produced 1936-1939
Number built 1,528
Variants Ilyushin Il-4

The Ilyushin DB-3 was a Soviet bomber aircraft of World War II.

Design and development

Ilyushin DB-3 (for Дальний бомбардировщик - Dalniy Bombardirovschik - "long-range bomber") was a twin-engined, low-wing monoplane that first flew in 1935. It was the precursor of the Ilyushin Il-4 (originally named DB-3f). 1,528 were built. The names TsKB-30 and DB-3 were used in 1936-1938. Later aircraft were named DB-3b.

A modified aircraft, (TsKB-30 "Moskva") flew from Moscow to Spassk-Dalny (7,580 km) in 24 h 36 min (an average speed of 307 km/h) mostly at 7,000 m under control of Vladimir K. Kokkinaki and A. M. Berdyanskij, then from Moscow to Miscou Island (New Brunswick, Canada) in 22 h 56 min. covering 8,000 km with 348 km/h average airspeed (Kokkinaki and Mikhail Gordienko).

Four types of engine were installed on different versions of DB-3 bombers: M-85, M-86, M-87 and M-87A.

Operational history

On the night of August 8, 1941 fifteen DB-3T torpedo bombers of the Baltic Fleet dropped the first Soviet bombs on Berlin. From August 11, DB-3fs of the VVS resumed bombing.

In 1939, 30 DB-3 were supplied to the Republic of China Air Force and they saw heavy actions against targets in Wuhan region from their bases in Sichuan (mostly used by the 8th Group), before being replaced by B-24 Liberator in 1943.

The Finns captured five force-landed DB-3Ms during the Winter War and during 1941 they purchased a further six DB-3Ms and four DB-3f/Il-4s from German surplus stocks.

Variants

TsKB-26: Prototype.
DB-3B
DB-3T: Torpedo bomber built in 1938, armed with torpedoes 45-36-AN or 45-36-AV.
DB-3TP: Seaplane torpedo bomber built in 1938. No production.
DB-3M: First major upgrade powered by two M-87B or M-88 engines.
DB-3F: Replaced DB-3 in 1940-1944, see Il-4.
TsKB-56 / DB-4: Bigger variant from 1940 with changed configuration (high-winger, twin-tail) and powered by two AM-37 engines. Cancelled, Er-2 preferred.
Il-6

Operators

China: Chinese Nationalist Air Force
Finland: Finnish Air Force Lentolaivue 46, Lentolaivue 48
Germany: Luftwaffe
Soviet Union: Soviet Air Force; Soviet Naval Aviation

Survivors

The only known surviving DB-3 is currently displayed at the Central Museum of the Air Forces in Monino, Russia.

The aircraft was found in taiga forests, 120 km from Komsomolsk-on-Amur. It was recovered in September 1988 and brought to the Irkutsk Aircraft Industrial Association (IAIA) factory on board an Ilyushin Il-76 transport. After over a year of restoration, the aircraft was delivered to Monino on board an Antonov An-22. On 22 December 1989, representatives of IAIA, headed by V.P. Zelenkov, handed over the DB-3 to museum officials.

This aircraft shouldn't be mistaken with Ilyushin Il-4 (cn 17404) exhibited in Victory Park collection of the Central museum of Great Patriotic War, Moscow.

Specifications (DB-3B, late production)
Image:Aero-stub img.svgThis aircraft article is missing some (or all) of its specifications. If you have a source, you can help Wikipedia by adding them.

General Characteristics

* Crew: three
* Length: 14.22 m (46 ft 8 in)
* Wingspan: 21.44 m (70 ft 4 in)
* Height: 4.19 m (13 ft 9 in)
* Wing area: 65.6 m² (706 ft²)
* Empty weight: 5,030 kg (11,066 lb)
* Loaded weight: 7,745 kg (17,039 lb)
* Max takeoff weight: 9,450 kg (20,790 lb)
* Powerplant: 2? Nazarov M-87 radial engines, 709 kW (950 hp) each

Performance

* Maximum speed: 439 km/h (238 knots, 274 mph)
* Range: 3,800 km (2,052 nm, 2,375 mi)
* Service ceiling 9,600 m (31,488 ft)
* Rate of climb: 416 m/min (1,364 ft/min)
* Wing loading: 118 kg/m² (24 lb/ft²)
* Power/mass: 0.18 kW/kg (0.11 hp/lb)

Armament

* 3 ? 7.62 mm ShKAS machine guns
* 1 ? 20 mm ShVAK cannon (not always fitted)
* Up to 2,500 kg (5,500 lb) of bombs

Web References:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DB-3

Ilyushin DB-3T
Ilyushin DB-3 history and specifications

This webpage was updated 30th August 2012

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