Fw 190A Table

Jagdgeschwader 2 Emblem

Jagdgeschwader 2 ‘Richthofen'

Focke-Wulf Fw 190A JG2 France

Focke-Wulf Fw 190A JG2 armourers France 1942 01

Photo 01: As anyone who has conducted interviews with former Luftwaffe aircrew knows, most pilots took little interest in the technical details of their machines and even less in camouflage and markings. However, there were exceptions, this pilot showing a commendable degree of interest in the front end of his Fw 190, probably an A-3.

Focke-Wulf Fw 190A JG2 (W14+) undergoing maintenance France 1942 01

Photo 01: 'White 14', an Fw 190A-2 or A-3 of JG2 undergoing maintenance in a wooded area on the edge of a French airfield in late 1942. Camouflage netting has been heaped onto the port wing.

 
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Knights Cross

Kurt Bühligen (13 December 1917 – 11 August 1985)

Kurt Bühligen (13 December 1917 – 11 August 1985) was a German World War II fighter ace who served in the Luftwaffe from 1936 until early 1945. A flying ace or fighter ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down five or more enemy aircraft during aerial combat.[1] He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Military career

He initially joined the Luftwaffe as a mechanic, before transferring to flying training during 1938-39. In July 1940 he was posted to Jagdgeschwader 2 (JG 2) as an Unteroffizier pilot.

Bühligen claimed his first aerial victory — a Hawker Hurricane over Kent — on 4 September 1940 and was awarded the Ritterkreuz a year later after 20 further claims.

In December 1942 Bühligen served with II./JG 2 in Tunisia and North Africa, claiming some 40 Allied kills before returning to Europe in March 1943. By March 1944 he had scored 96 kills and was now a Major in command of II./JG 2. After 12 more kills Bühligen led JG 2 in carrying out operations against the Soviet advance on the Eastern Front. In early 1945, now Geschwaderkommodore of JG 2, an engine failure caused Bühligen to be taken prisoner by the Soviets, being finally released in 1950.

He shot down some 112 enemy aircraft in over 700 operations, becoming the fourth highest Luftwaffe scorer against the Western Allies. All his victories were claimed over the Western Front and North Africa and included 47 Spitfires and 46 United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) victims; 13 P-38, 9 P-47 and 24 four-engine bombers. He was never shot down but had to make emergency landings on 3 occasions. His final command was Geschwaderkommodore of the JG 2 fighter wing.

Awards

  • Wound Badge in Silver
  • Ehrenpokal der Luftwaffe (24 July 1941)[2]
  • Front Flying Clasp of the Luftwaffe in Gold with Pennant "700"
  • Combined Pilots-Observation Badge
  • German Cross in Gold on 25 June 1943 as Leutnant in the 4./JG 2[3]
  • Iron Cross (1939)
    o 2nd class (10 September 1940)[4]
    o 1st class (29 October 1940)[4]
  • Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords
    o Knight's Cross on 4 September 1941 as Oberfeldwebel and pilot in the II./JG 2 "Richthofen"[5]
    o 413th Oak Leaves on 2 March 1944 as Major (war officer) and Gruppenkommandeur of the II./JG 2 "Richthofen"[6][7]
    o 88th Swords on 14 August 1944 as Major (war officer) and Geschwaderkommodore of JG 2 "Richthofen"[6][8]

Asisbiz database list of 107 aerial victories for Kurt Bühlingen

No Date Time Enemy A/C Type Unit Location Comments
04-Sep-40 Kurt Bühlingen 2./JG2 Spitfire   10:00 Dover
04-Sep-40 Kurt Bühlingen 2./JG2 Hurricane   10:00 Dover
11-Sep-40 Kurt Bühlingen 6./JG2 Hurricane   16:35 -
26-Sep-40 Kurt Bühlingen 6./JG2 Spitfire   - -
30-Sep-40 Kurt Bühlingen 6./JG2 Spitfire   12:28 N. Portland
01-Oct-40 Kurt Bühlingen 6./JG2 Hurricane   - South of Bournemouth
07-Oct-40 Kurt Bühlingen 6./JG2 Hurricane   - South of Portland
07-Oct-40 Kurt Bühlingen 6./JG2 Hurricane   16:52 South of Portland
07-Nov-40 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Hurricane   15:28 S. Insel Wight
21-Jun-41 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire   16:51 Boulogne-Le Touquet
21-Jun-41 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire   16:50 Boulogne-Le Touquet
21-Jun-41 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire   16:36 Boulogne-Hardelot
07-Jul-41 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire   15:32 -
10-Jul-41 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire   12:21 -
10-Jul-41 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire   12:18 -
11-Jul-41 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire   14:55 -
23-Jul-41 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire   13:23 -
23-Jul-41 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire   13:27 -
07-Aug-41 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire   17:48 -
12-Aug-41 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 Hurricane   19:07 -
16-Aug-41 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 Spitfire   19:42 -
19-Aug-41 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 Spitfire   12:01 -
21-Aug-41 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 Spitfire   15:09 -
26-Aug-41 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 Spitfire   16:22 -
04-Sep-41 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 Spitfire   - -
19-Aug-42 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire   13:24 Hafen Dieppe
19-Aug-42 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire   08:10 -
19-Aug-42 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire   16:53 60km N. St. Valery
19-Aug-42 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire   16:42 60km N. St. Valery
03-Dec-42 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire 3000m 10:55 South of Tebourba
18-Dec-42 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire 5500m 11:06 10km W. Djebel Quantra
26-Dec-42 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 P-38 Lightning Low Level 13:40 S. Djebel Taboussa
26-Dec-42 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 P-38 Lightning 3500m 13:32 5km E. Djebel Abiod
04-Jan-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 P-40 Warhawk 100m 10:40 8km SW Tdidjana
04-Jan-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Marauder 900m 10:44 15km SSW Tdidjana
08-Jan-43 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 P-38 Lightning 1600m 15:29 2km W. Djebel Toerl
08-Jan-43 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 P-38 Lightning 1500m 14:47 20km S. Kairouan
08-Jan-43 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 P-38 Lightning 500m 15:42 S. Djebel el Obeid
14-Jan-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 P-38F Lightning 8500m 12:50 40km E. El Ayasche
21-Jan-43 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 P-40 Warhawk 1000m 08:39 N. Pribon
21-Jan-43 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 P-40 Warhawk 200m 08:44 2km W. Djebel Trozza
22-Jan-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 P-40 Kittyhawk 10m 14:20 2km W. Ouselltia 10m
28-Jan-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 P-38 Lightning 5000m 14:15 50km SW Kairouan
30-Jan-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire 1800m 07:36 NW Djebel el Rahan
30-Jan-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire 1500m 07:38 30km WNW Kairouan
30-Jan-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire 600m 07:40 35km NW Kairouan
02-Feb-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire Low Level 09:15 14km NE Kairouan
02-Feb-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 P-39 Aircobra Low Level 08:17 20km W. Kairouan
02-Feb-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 P-40 Warhawk Low Level 08:20 20km SW Kairouan
02-Feb-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 P-40 Warhawk Low Level 08:14 40km NW Kairouan
02-Feb-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 P-40 Warhawk Low Level 08:16 10km S. Djebel Dedjedia
03-Feb-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire Low Level 09:00 30km NW Kairouan
03-Feb-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire Low Level 09:02 25km SW Kairouan
03-Feb-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire Low Level 09:04 5km E. Pichon
03-Feb-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire Low Level 09:06 5km N. Pichon
04-Feb-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire 1800m 16:16 15-20km S. Ousseltia
04-Feb-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire 1800m 16:13 SW Ousseltia
04-Feb-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire 1800m 16:12 200m SW Ousseltia
09-Feb-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 P-40 Warhawk Low Level 13:53 S. Djebel Bou Gaboursi
09-Feb-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 P-40 Warhawk Low Level 13:51 S. Djebel Bou Gaboursi
10-Feb-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire 300m 13:45 E. Djebel Bou Zid
14-Feb-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire 2000m 11:02 25km NW Sidi bou Zid
14-Feb-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire Low Level 16:21 NW Djebel Trozza
14-Feb-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire 300m 08:25 16km SW Hadje el Toum
14-Feb-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire 2000m 11:00 20km W. Sidi bou Zid
15-Feb-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 P-38 Lightning 5000m 15:03 E. Djebel Martila
15-Feb-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 P-38 Lightning 6000m 14:59 15km SW Fondouk
15-Feb-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 P-38 Lightning 4000m 15:13 N. Djebel Trozza
08-Mar-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire 100m 09:39 35km NW Kairouan
08-Mar-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire 800m 09:38 35km NWN Kairouan
12-Mar-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 P-38 Lightning 5000m 14:24 E. Djebel Siben-Habber
12-Mar-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 P-38 Lightning 7500m 14:22 W. Djebel Trossa
12-Mar-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 P-38 Lightning 1500m 04:27 SE Mateur
15-May-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 P-51 Mustang 2600m 17:16 1157/05 Ost
17-May-43 Kurt Bühlingen 4./JG2 Spitfire 9000m 10:58 1067/15 West
04-Jul-43 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 P-47 Thunderbolt 7500m 13:22 10km WNW Cap d'Antifer
04-Jul-43 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 Spitfire 3000m 17:32 S. Vaucelles (NNW Caen)
14-Jul-43 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 Spitfire 50m 09:05 4km NW Trouville 50m
15-Jul-43 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 Typhoon 1000m 16:34 bei Tours-en-Vimeu (Somme)
16-Jul-43 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 Spitfire 6500m 20:10 15-20km W. Somme Estuary
18-Jul-43 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 Spitfire 2500m 18:35 Foucaucourt-en-Santerre
30-Jul-43 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 B-17 Fortress 7000m 09:25 N. Rotterdam
30-Jul-43 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 Typhoon 500m 16:00 05 Ost S/11/5/9
17-Aug-43 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 B-17 Fortress 7-500m 17:22 S. Tongeren 7-500m (Limburg)
19-Aug-43 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 Spitfire 3500m 12:43 E. Abbeville
02-Sep-43 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 P-51 Mustang I Low Level 09:56 NW Auxi-le-Chateau
06-Sep-43 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 B-17 Fortress 5000m 13:10 6km NW Neufchatel
06-Sep-43 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 B-17 Fortress 5000m 14:35 0148/05 Ost
06-Sep-43 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 B-17 Fortress 7000m 09:48 Vailly (NNE Troyes)
09-Sep-43 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 Abschuß 3000m 15:53 05 Ost S/1167
14-Oct-43 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 B-17 Fortress 7000m 13:45 bei Sneek
26-Nov-43 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 B-17 Fortress 7500m 10:38 SE Paris
29-Jan-44 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 P-47 Thunderbolt 1000m 11:15 05 Ost S/PL (Durbuy Raum)
05-Feb-44 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 P-47 Thunderbolt 6500m 11:50 SW etampes
05-Feb-44 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 B-24 Liberator 6500m 11:20 Raum Vendome
24-Feb-44 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 B-17 Fortress 6500m 12:30 GR-3 to FR-9 (1km E. Dummer)
24-Feb-44 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 B-17 HSS 7000m 12:28 05 Ost/FK
25-Feb-44 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 B-17 Fortress 6500m 12:33 05 Ost S/TJ/TK
18-Mar-44 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 B-24 Liberator 4000m 13:21 10km SSW Forges
28-Apr-44 Kurt Bühlingen Stab II./JG2 B-17 Fortress 5000m 11:58-12:25 HF (40km E. Bourges)
06-Jun-44 Kurt Bühlingen Stab JG2 P-47 Thunderbolt 1200m 11:57 TU 7 (5-10km v. Ornemundung)
07-Jun-44 Kurt Bühlingen Stab JG2 P-47 Thunderbolt 4000m 19:07 UU-1-4 (Caen/Carpiquet)
07-Jun-44 Kurt Bühlingen Stab JG2 P-47 Thunderbolt 4000m 19:09 UU-1 (N. Caen)
12-Jun-44 Kurt Bühlingen Stab JG2 P-47 Thunderbolt 1000m 06:04 04 Ost N/AC-5 (St. Andre)
05-Jul-44 Kurt Bühlingen Stab JG2 P-47 Thunderbolt 1500m 10:55 15 West S/UU-6 (Caen)
05-Jul-44 Kurt Bühlingen Stab JG2 P-47 Thunderbolt 2500m 15:49 05 Ost S/UB-8 (Beaumont)
05-Jul-44 Kurt Bühlingen Stab JG2 P-51 Mustang 1200m 15:52 UB (Bernay-Le Neubourg)

References:

  1. 1. ^ Spick 1996, pp. 3–4.
  2. ^ Obermaier 1989, p. 38.
  3. ^ Patzwall and Scherzer 2001, p. 67.
  4. ^ a b MacLean 2007, p. 89.
  5. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 148. According to Scherzer in the 4./JG 2[6]
  6. ^ a b c Scherzer 2007, p. 250.
  7. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 79.
  8. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 88.

Bibliography

  • Berger, Florian (2000). Mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern. Die höchstdekorierten Soldaten des Zweiten Weltkrieges. Selbstverlag Florian Berger. ISBN 3-9501307-0-5.
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939-1945. Friedburg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5.
  • MacLean, French L. (2007). Luftwaffe Efficiency & Promotion Reports — For the Knight's Cross Winners. Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Military History. ISBN 978-0-7643-2657-8.
  • Obermaier, Ernst (1989). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe Jagdflieger 1939 - 1945 (in German). Mainz, Germany: Verlag Dieter Hoffmann. ISBN 3-87341-065-6.
  • Patzwall, Klaus D. and Scherzer, Veit. Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 - 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II. Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall, 2001. ISBN 3-931533-45-X.
  • Spick, Mike (1996). Luftwaffe Fighter Aces. New York: Ivy Books. ISBN 0-8041-1696-2.
  • Schaulen, Fritjof (2003). Eichenlaubträger 1940 - 1945 Zeitgeschichte in Farbe I Abraham - Huppertz (in German). Selent, Germany: Pour le Mérite. ISBN 3-932381-20-3.
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
  • Helden der Wehrmacht III - Unsterbliche deutsche Soldaten (in German). München, Germany: FZ-Verlag GmbH, 2007. ISBN 978-3-924309-82-4.

Web References: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:BulKurt.jpg

Hans 'Assi' Hahn

Major Hans "Assi" Hahn was born on 14 April 1914 at Gotha in Thuringen. A gifted athlete, Hahn was selected to participate in the Summer Olympic Games in Berlin to compete in the Pentathlon. Unfortunately, he had to withdraw due to illness. Hahn enlisted in the army on 1 April 1934 as an officer candidate in the Infanterie-Regiment 14. He received promotion to the rank of Unteroffizier on 1 December. He attended the Kriegsschule at Munchen from January to October 1935. On 1 October, Hahn was promoted to the rank of Oberfahnrich. In November, Hahn transferred from the infantry to the Luftwaffe. He underwent pilot training at Celle. On 1 April 1936, Hahn was promoted to the rank of Leutnant. Following pilot training, he was posted to 4./JG134, based at Werl near Dortmund, on 15 April. On 1 November 1937, Hahn was transferred to a new Jagdfliegerschule at Werneuchen as a flight instructor and Staffelfuhrer of 1. Staffel. He received promotion to the rank of Oberleutnant on 1 February 1939 and was transferred to the Stabstaffel of I./JG3, based at Meseburg.

Oberleutnant Hahn transferred to JG2 on 11 October 1939. He was assigned to newly formed II./JG2, based at Zerbst, which was formed using the nucleus of personnel from I./JG3 and I./JG2. On 15 December, he was appointed Staffelkapitan of 4./JG2. Moving West, Hahn claimed his first two victories on 14 May 1940, during the Battle of France, over RAF Hurricane fighters in his first engagement with enemy aircraft. However, only one of his claims was confirmed. Hahn would claim a total of five confirmed victories during the Battle of France. Hahn was particularly successful during the Battle of Britain. He claimed three RAF Spitfire fighters shot down on 31 August 1940, to record his eighth through 10th victories. After claiming his 20th victory on 20 September 1940, Hahn was awarded the Ritterkreuz. On 29 October 1940, Hahn was promoted to the rank of Hauptmann and appointed Gruppenkommandeur of III./JG2.

By the end of 1940, his victory total had reached 22. Hauptmann Hahn was awarded the Eichenlaub (Nr 32) on 14 August 1941 for 41 victories. He recorded his 50th victory on 13 October 1941 and his 60th on 4 May 1942. Hahn shot down a RAF Spitfire fighter on 16 September 1942 to record his 66th, and last, victory over the Western front. Hahn was appointed Gruppen Kommandeur of II./JG54 "Grunherz", based on the Eastern front, on 1 November 1942. In the space of three months, he claimed a further 42 victories. He shot down five Russian aircraft on 30 December (75-79). On 1 January, Hahn was promoted to the rank of Major. His best day occurred on 14 January 1943, when he downed seven Russian La-5 fighters (80-86). He recorded his 100th victory on 27 January 1943.

Hauptmann Hans 'Assi' Hahn, Gruppenkommandeur of III./JG2 in his Fw 109A-3 W.Nr. 223 '<<'. May 1942, Beaumont le Roger, France. Leading III./JG54 on 21 February 1943, Hahn encountered Russian fighters near Staraya Russa. In the ensuing combat, he shot down a Russian La-5 fighter for his 108th, and last, victory. In the course of the combat, his aircraft received hits in the left wing. Disengaging from further combat, Hahn headed west but his engine soon began overheating and he had to land his Bf-109 G-2/R6 (W.Nr. 13 949) "Black <<" in enemy-held territory. Soviet sources claim Hahn was shot down by Russian ace Starshiiy Leytenant Pavel Grazhdanikov (13 victories, killed in action 5 April 1943) of 169 IAP, VVS. Hahn was captured and subsequently made a prisoner of war. Hahn was held captive and was not released by the Soviet Union until 1950. Hahn gained employment at the International Corporation of Bayer Leverkeusen, fulfilling a position dealing in trade with France and England. He later became a director of the Wano Schwarzpulver Company, which manufactured gunpowder, at Kunigunde near Goslar. He retired from this company in 1977 and lived in southern France with his family. Hahn died on 18 December 1982 at Munchen from cancer.

"Assi" Hahn was credited with 108 victories in 560 missions. He recorded 66 victories over the Western Front, of them 53 were Spitfires. Of the 42 victories he recorded over the Eastern front at least seven were Il-2 Sturmovik ground-attack aircraft.

No Date Time Enemy A/C Type Unit Location / Comments
1 14.5.1940 09:55 Hurricane 4./JG 2 Gembloux / Hurricane of 607 Sqn RAF
2 19.5.1940 12:18 Hurricane 4./JG 2 Tournai / Possibly Hurricane of 87 Sqn RAF
3 19.5.1940   Morane 406 4./JG 2 Tournai
4 3.6.1940 14:50 Hawk 75 4./JG 2 ENE Paris
5 6.6.1940 20:35 Hawk 75 4./JG 2 Roye
6 11.8.1940 11:45 Spitfire 4./JG 2 Portland
7 25.8.1940 18:30~ Spitfire 4./JG 2 Dorchester
8 31.8.1940 09:00 Spitfire 4./JG 2 Dover
9 31.8.1940 09:05 Spitfire 4./JG 2 Dover
10 31.8.1940 17:05 Spitfire 4./JG 2 Dover
11 4.9.1940 10:15 Spitfire 4./JG 2 Ashford
12 4.9.1940 14:25 Spitfire 4./JG 2 Margate
13 6.9.1940 10:00 Spitfire 4./JG 2 Ashford
14 6.9.1940 10:05 Spitfire 4./JG 2 Ashford
15 7.9.1940 18:25 Spitfire 4./JG 2 London
16 8.9.1940   Hurricane 4./JG 2 Tablehurst
17 11.9.1940 16:15 Hurricane 4./JG 2 Tournai
18 15.9.1940 15:35 Spitfire 4./JG 2 London
19 20.9.1940 12:15 Hurricane 4./JG 2 London
20 23.9.1940 10:30 Spitfire 4./JG 2 Rochester
21 15.10.1940 13:35 Hurricane 4./JG 2 Isle of Wight
22 6.11.1940 15:50 Hurricane Stab III./JG2 E Southampton
23 24.6.1941 21:00 Spitfire Stab III./JG2 Gravelines-Ramsgate
24 25.6.1941 16:31 Spitfire Stab III./JG2 NE Boulogne
25 26.6.1941 11:35 Spitfire Stab III./JG2 Gravelines-Dunkirk
26 2.7.1941   Hurricane Stab III./JG2 Hazebrouck
27 7.7.1941 15:36 Hurricane Stab III./JG2 7km W Le Touquet
28 7.7.1941 15:37 Hurricane Stab III./JG2 7-10km W Le Touquet
29 8.7.1941 15:52 Spitfire Stab III./JG2 Marques
30 10.7.1941 12:08 Spitfire Stab III./JG2 St Omer
31 10.7.1941 12:12 Spitfire Stab III./JG2 St Omer
32 21.7.1941 08:50 Spitfire Stab III./JG2 Gravelines
33 21.7.1941 20:45 Spitfire Stab III./JG2 Watten
34 22.7.1941 13:45 Spitfire Stab III./JG2 Calais
35 22.7.1941 13:53 Spitfire Stab III./JG2 Calais
36 23.7.1941 20:20 Spitfire Stab III./JG2 Marzingarbe
37 23.7.1941 20:23 Spitfire Stab III./JG2 Marzingarbe
38 5.8.1941 18:44 Spitfire Stab III./JG2 St Omer-Calais
39 7.8.1941 18:17 Spitfire Stab III./JG2 Calais
40 12.8.1941 12:45 Spitfire Stab III./JG2 Gravelines
41 12.8.1941 12:50 Spitfire Stab III./JG2 Gris Nez
42 12.8.1941 18:51 Spitfire Stab III./JG2 Ramsgate
43 20.9.1941 16:30 Spitfire Stab III./JG2 10km off Somme Estuary
44 20.9.1941 16:42 Spitfire Stab III./JG2  
45 20.9.1941 16:43 Spitfire Stab III./JG2  
46 27.9.1941 15:35 Spitfire Stab III./JG2  
47 2.10.1941 15:05 Spitfire Stab III./JG2 Pas-de-Calais
48 2.10.1941 18:05 Spitfire Stab III./JG2 Pas-de-Calais / Spitfire of Biggin Hill Wing, RAF
49 2.10.1941 18:52 Spitfire Stab III./JG2 Pas-de-Calais / Spitfire of Biggin Hill Wing, RAF
50 13.10.1941 14:30 Spitfire Stab III./JG2 Boulogne
51 12.2.1942 14:55 Spitfire Stab III./JG2  
52 17.4.1942 16:08 Spitfire Stab III./JG2  
53 20.4.1942 17:07 Spitfire Stab III./JG2  
54 22.4.1942 14:32 Spitfire Stab III./JG2  
55 25.4.1942 16:24 Spitfire Stab III./JG2  
56 25.4.1942 16:29 Spitfire Stab III./JG2  
57 30.4.1942 17:27 Spitfire Stab III./JG2  
58 4.5.1942 10:41 Spitfire Stab III./JG2  
59 4.5.1942 10:46 Spitfire Stab III./JG2  
60 4.5.1942 15:55 Spitfire Stab III./JG2  
61 6.5.1942 12:22 Spitfire Stab III./JG2  
62 6.5.1942 12:24 Spitfire Stab III./JG2  
63 6.6.1942 17:25 Spitfire Stab III./JG2 Cherbourg-Cap Levy
64 6.6.1942 17:25 Spitfire Stab III./JG2 Cherbourg-Cap Levy
65 6.6.1942 17:27 Spitfire Stab III./JG2 Cherbourg-Cap Levy
66 16.9.1942 13:15 Spitfire Stab III./JG2 05 Ost S/11/5/1
67 4.12.1942 10:45 LaGG-3 Stab II./JG54  
68 4.12.1942 10:47 Il-2 Stab II./JG54  
69 4.12.1942 13:53 Il-2 Stab II./JG54  
70 4.12.1942 14:00 Il-2 Stab II./JG54  
71 12.12.1942 13:56 La-5 Stab II./JG54  
72 12.12.1942 13:58 Il-2 Stab II./JG54  
73 29.12.1942 11:30 Il-2 Stab II./JG54  
74 29.12.1942 11:50 LaGG-3 Stab II./JG54  
75 30.12.1942 08:50 LaGG-3 Stab II./JG54  
76 30.12.1942 08:53 LaGG-3 Stab II./JG54  
77 30.12.1942 08:55 LaGG-3 Stab II./JG54  
78 30.12.1942 08:57 Il-2 Stab II./JG54  
79 30.12.1942 11:45 LaGG-3 Stab II./JG54  
80 14.1.1943 10:36 La-5 Stab II./JG54  
81 14.1.1943 10:37 La-5 Stab II./JG54  
82 14.1.1943 10:38 La-5 Stab II./JG54  
83 14.1.1943 10:42 La-5 Stab II./JG54  
84 14.1.1943 12:10 La-5 Stab II./JG54  
85 14.1.1943 12:11 La-5 Stab II./JG54  
86 14.1.1943 12:12 La-5 Stab II./JG54  
87 23.1.1943 13:20 La-5 Stab II./JG54  
88 23.1.1943 13:22 La-5 Stab II./JG54  
89 23.1.1943 13:25 La-5 Stab II./JG54  
90 24.1.1943 09:35 La-5 Stab II./JG54  
91 24.1.1943 09:40 La-5 Stab II./JG54  
92 24.1.1943 09:42 La-5 Stab II./JG54  
93 24.1.1943 13:55 La-5 Stab II./JG54  
94 25.1.1943 09:45 La-5 Stab II./JG54  
95 25.1.1943 09:47 La-5 Stab II./JG54  
96 25.1.1943 09:48 LaGG-3 Stab II./JG54  
97 26.1.1943 10:58 LaGG-3 Stab II./JG54  
98 26.1.1943 14:00 LaGG-3 Stab II./JG54  
99 26.1.1943 14:03 LaGG-3 Stab II./JG54  
100 27.1.1943 10:43 LaGG-3 Stab II./JG54  
101 8.2.1943   E/a Stab II./JG54  
102 9.2.1943 13:10 P-40 Stab II./JG54  
103 9.2.1943 13:11 P-40 Stab II./JG54  
104 11.2.1943 09:52 P-40 Stab II./JG54  
105 11.2.1943 09:58 P-40 Stab II./JG54  
106 11.2.1943 10:08 LaGG-3 Stab II./JG54  
107 11.2.1943 11:30 Il-2 Stab II./JG54  
108 21.2.1943 09:11 La-5 Stab II./JG54  

Victories : 108
Awards : Deutsches Kreuz in Gold (16 July 1942)
Ritterkreuz (24 September 1940)
Eichenlaub (14 August 1941)
Units : JG2, JG54
http://www.luftwaffe.cz/hahn.html Aces of the Luftwaffe - Hans Assi Hah

Asisbiz database list of 112 aerial victories for Hans 'Assi' Hahn

Date Pilot Name Unit Enemy A/C Type Height Time Location
03-Jun-40 Hans 'Assi' Hahn 4./JG2 Hawk-75A   14.50 ENE Paris
14-May-40 Hans 'Assi' Hahn 4./JG2 Hurricane   09.55 Gembloux
19-May-40 Hans 'Assi' Hahn 4./JG2 Hurricane   12.18 Tournai
19-May-40 Hans 'Assi' Hahn 4./JG2 Morane 406     Tournai
06-Jun-40 Hans 'Assi' Hahn 4./JG2 Hawk-75   20.35 Roye
11-Aug-40 Hans 'Assi' Hahn 4./JG2 Spitfire   11.45 Portland
25-Aug-40 Hans 'Assi' Hahn 4./JG2 Spitfire   18.35 Dorchester
31-Aug-40 Hans 'Assi' Hahn 4./JG2 Spitfire   09.00 Dover
31-Aug-40 Hans 'Assi' Hahn 4./JG2 Spitfire   09.05 Dover
31-Aug-40 Hans 'Assi' Hahn 4./JG2 Spitfire   19.05 Dover
04-Sep-40 Hans 'Assi' Hahn 4./JG2 Spitfire   10.15 Ashford
04-Sep-40 Hans 'Assi' Hahn 4./JG2 Spitfire   14.25 Margate
23-Sep-40 Hans 'Assi' Hahn 4./JG2 Spitfire   10.30 South of London
06-Sep-40 Hans 'Assi' Hahn 4./JG2 Hurricane   10.05 Ashford
06-Sep-40 Hans 'Assi' Hahn 4./JG2 Hurricane   10.00 Ashford
07-Sep-40 Hans 'Assi' Hahn 4./JG2 Hurricane   18.25 Gillingham
08-Sep-40 Hans 'Assi' Hahn 4./JG2 Hurricane     South of London
15-Oct-40 Hans 'Assi' Hahn 4./JG2 Spitfire   13.35 Southampton
11-Sep-40 Hans 'Assi' Hahn 4./JG2 Hurricane   16.15 Staplehurst
15-Sep-40 Hans 'Assi' Hahn 4./JG2 Spitfire   15.35 Thorney Island
20-Sep-40 Hans 'Assi' Hahn 4./JG2 Spitfire   12.15  
06-Nov-40 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Hurricane   15.50 East of Southampton
24-Jun-41 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire   21.00  
25-Jun-41 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire   16.31  
26-Jun-41 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire   11.35  
02-Jul-41 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire     Hazebrouck
07-Jul-41 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Hurricane 3000m 15.36 7km W Le Touquet
07-Jul-41 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Hurricane 3000m 15.37 7-10km W Le Touquet
08-Jul-41 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire   15.52  
10-Jul-41 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire   12.08  
10-Jul-41 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire   12.12  
21-Jul-41 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire   08.50  
21-Jul-41 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire   20.45  
22-Jul-41 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire   13.45  
22-Jul-41 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire   13.53  
23-Jul-41 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire   20.20  
23-Jul-41 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire   20.23  
05-Aug-41 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire   18.44  
07-Aug-41 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire   18.17  
12-Aug-41 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire   12.45  
12-Aug-41 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire   12.50  
12-Aug-41 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire   18.51 Ramsgate
17-Aug-41 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Wellington   00.53 Sculthorpe
18-Sep-41 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire 6000m 16.30 10km ostw Somme-Mundung
20-Sep-41 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire   16.42 10km SW Somme-Mundug
20-Sep-41 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire   16.43  
27-Sep-41 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire   15.35  
02-Oct-41 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire   15.05  
02-Oct-41 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire   18.50  
02-Oct-41 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire   18.52  
13-Oct-41 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire   14.30  
12-Feb-42 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire   14.55  
30-Apr-42 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire   17.27  
17-Apr-42 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire   16.08  
20-Apr-42 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire   17.07  
22-Apr-42 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire   14.32  
25-Apr-42 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire   16.24  
25-Apr-42 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire   16.29  
04-May-42 Hans 'Assi' Hahn 4./JG2 Spitfire   10.41  
04-May-42 Hans 'Assi' Hahn 4./JG2 Spitfire   10.46  
04-May-42 Hans 'Assi' Hahn 4./JG2 Spitfire   15.55  
06-May-42 Hans 'Assi' Hahn 4./JG2 Spitfire   12.22  
06-May-42 Hans 'Assi' Hahn 4./JG2 Spitfire   12.24  
06-Jun-42 Hans 'Assi' Hahn 4./JG2 Spitfire   17.25  
06-Jun-42 Hans 'Assi' Hahn 4./JG2 Spitfire   17.25  
06-Jun-42 Hans 'Assi' Hahn 4./JG2 Spitfire   17.27  
16-Sep-42 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire 9000m 13.15 05 Ost S/11/5/1
16-Sep-42 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab III./JG2 Spitfire 9000m 13.15 1151/05 Ost
04-Dec-42 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab II./JG54 LaGG-3 Low Level 10.45 18 231
04-Dec-42 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab II./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik 500m 10.47 18 231
04-Dec-42 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab II./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik 100m 13.53 18 262
04-Dec-42 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab II./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik 50m 14.00 2975
12-Dec-42 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab II./JG54 La-5 150m 13.56 28 113
12-Dec-42 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab II./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik 100m 13.58 29 773
29-Dec-42 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab II./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik 800m 11.30 28 113
29-Dec-42 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab II./JG54 LaGG-3 100m 11.50 28 122
30-Dec-42 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab II./JG54 LaGG-3 2000m 08.50 18 262
30-Dec-42 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab II./JG54 LaGG-3 1200m 08.53 28 113
30-Dec-42 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab II./JG54 LaGG-3 1000m 08.55 28 111
30-Dec-42 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab II./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik 800m 08.57 29 472
30-Dec-42 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab II./JG54 LaGG-3 1800m 11.45 18 262
23-Jan-43 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab /JG54 LaGG-3 4000m 11.19 10 182
23-Jan-43 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab /JG54 R-5 1000m 11.15 00 263
24-Jan-43 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab /JG54 LaGG-5 4600m 09.35 10 192
24-Jan-43 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab /JG54 LaGG-5 4000m 09.40 10 151
24-Jan-43 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab /JG54 LaGG-5 4000m 09.42 10 154
24-Jan-43 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab /JG54 LaGG-5 4000m 13.55 00 261
14-Jan-43 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab II./JG54 LaGG-3 3000m 10.36 10 194
14-Jan-43 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab II./JG54 LaGG-3 300m 10.37 10 193
14-Jan-43 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab II./JG54 LaGG-3 3800m 10.38 10 193
14-Jan-43 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab II./JG54 LaGG-3 1700m 10.42 1181
14-Jan-43 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab II./JG54 LaGG-5 3000m 12.10 10 163
14-Jan-43 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab II./JG54 LaGG-5 3000m 12.11 10 271
14-Jan-43 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab II./JG54 LaGG-5 2000m 12.12 10 243
23-Jan-43 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab /JG54 LaGG-5 3000m 13.20 10 171
23-Jan-43 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab /JG54 LaGG-5 2500m 13.22 10 171
23-Jan-43 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab /JG54 LaGG-5 2500m 13.25 10 140
25-Jan-43 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab /JG54 LaGG-5 3000m 09.45 10 151
25-Jan-43 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab /JG54 LaGG-5 3000m 09.47 10 124
25-Jan-43 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab /JG54 LaGG-3 Low Level 09.49 10 111
26-Jan-43 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab II./JG54 LaGG-3 2000m 10.58 10 152
26-Jan-43 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab II./JG54 LaGG-3 3000m 14.00 10 122
26-Jan-43 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab II./JG54 LaGG-3 2100m 14.03 10 123
27-Jan-43 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab II./JG54 LaGG-3 50m 10.43 10 111
09-Feb-43 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab II./JG54 P-40 Warhawk 2000m 13.10 00 422
09-Feb-43 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab II./JG54 P-40 Warhawk 1000m 13.11 00 434
11-Feb-43 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab II./JG54 P-40 Warhawk 1500m 09.52 00 283
11-Feb-43 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab II./JG54 P-40 Warhawk 800m 09.58 00 263
11-Feb-43 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab II./JG54 LaGG-3 50m 10.08 00 271
19-Feb-43 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab II./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik 1200m 11.50 28 351
21-Feb-43 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab II./JG54 LaGG-5 2000m 09.11 18 463
21-Feb-43 Hans 'Assi' Hahn Stab II./JG54 Dogfight   PoW Dogfight SE Salutsche

Knights Cross

Egon Mayer

Egon Mayer was born on 19 August 1917 at Konstanz in Bodensee. He joined the Luftwaffe in 1937. After a regular peacetime training, Fahnenjunker Mayer was posted to I./JG2 on 6 December 1939. By the time Mayer participated in the French campaign, he was serving with 6./JG2. Mayer recorded his first victory on 13 June 1940, when he shot down a French Morane fighter. From 1 August 1940, he served at the Jagdfliegerschule Werneuchen. Mayer had returned to JG2 by September 1940. Mayer was assigned to 3./JG2, based at Beaumont-le-Roger in France. He claimed a RAF Hurricane fighter shot down near Portland on 7 October to record his second victory. Leutnant Mayer was transferred to 8./JG2, where he recorded one victory, a Hurricane shot down near Chichester on 15 November 1940 for his third victory. On 10 June 1941, Oberleutnant Mayer was appointed Staffelkapitan of 7./JG2, based at St Pol-Brias. He was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 1 August 1941 for 20 victories. Mayer recorded his 30th victory, yet another Spitfire, shot down on 15 April 1942. On 19 August, his 25th birthday, Mayer shot down two RAF Spitfire fighters over Dieppe (51-52). In November 1942, Hauptmann Mayer was appointed Gruppenkommandeur of III./JG2.

On 23 November, Mayer recorded his first victories over USAAF four-engine bombers, when he shot down two B-17s and a B-24 (53-55). With Georg-Peter Eder (78 victories, RK-EL), Mayer is credited with developing the head-on attack technique against the Allied daylight bomber raids. The technique brought both considerable success against the four-engine bombers. He was awarded the Eichenlaub (Nr 232) on 16 April 1943 after 63 victories. Oberstleutnant Mayer was appointed Kommodore of JG2 on 1 July 1943, following the departure of Oberst Walter Oesau (127 victories, RK-S, killed in action 11 May 1944) to become Jafu Bretagne. He shot down three USAAF B-17 four-engine bombers in 19 minutes on 6 September 1943 (78-80). On 1 December, Mayer claimed four USAAF P-47 fighters and a B-17 bomber shot down (85-89). He achieved his 90th victory on 31 December and was the first to reach 100 victories on the Channel Front on 5 February 1944, when he shot down a P-47 fighter near Arguen. He claimed his 101st and 102nd, and last, victories on 6 February, when he shot down two P-47 fighters in the Sens area. On 2 March 1944, Mayer led a formation from JG2 against an USAAF daylight raid. USAAF P-47 fighters escorted the bombers. The fighter escort overpowered Mayer's attacking group and he was shot down and killed near Montmedy in Fw 190A-6 (W.Nr. 470468). He was posthumously awarded the Schwertern (Nr 51).

Egon Mayer shot down 102 enemy aircraft. All his victories were recorded over the Western Front and included 26 four-engine bombers, 51 Spitfire and 12 P-47 fighters.

No Date Time Enemy A/C Type Unit Location
1 13.6.1940 18:00 Morane 406 6./JG2  
2 7.10.1940 16:57 Hurricane 3./JG2 NW Portland
3 15.11.1940 17:10 Hurricane 8./JG2 Chichester
4 17.6.1941 17:50 Spitfire 7./JG2 N Cherbourg
  23.6.1941   Spitfire 7./JG2 Not confirmed
  23.6.1941   Spitfire 7./JG2 Not confirmed
5 24.6.1941 20:42 Spitfire 7./JG2 Gravelines-Ramsgate
6 25.6.1941 16:35 Spitfire 7./JG2 St Omer-Boulogne
7 2.7.1941 12:38 Blenheim 7./JG2  
8 2.7.1941 13:55 Spitfire 7./JG2  
9 3.7.1941 11:46 Spitfire 7./JG2  
10 3.7.1941 15:36 Spitfire 7./JG2  
11 5.7.1941 12:36 Spitfire 7./JG2  
12 9.7.1941 14:05 Spitfire 7./JG2  
13 10.7.1941 12:08 Spitfire 7./JG2  
14 12.7.1941 19:26 Spitfire 7./JG2  
15 12.7.1941 19:28 Spitfire 7./JG2  
16 21.7.1941 8:52 Spitfire 7./JG2  
17 23.7.1941 13:14 Spitfire 7./JG2 Foret d'Eperlecques
18 23.7.1941 13:20 Spitfire 7./JG2 Foret d'Eperlecques
19 21.8.1941 10:20 Spitfire 7./JG2  
20 21.8.1941 14:50 Spitfire 7./JG2  
21 27.8.1941 9:30 Hurricane 7./JG2 NW Le Touquet: 6000m
22 16.9.1941 19:32 Spitfire 7./JG2 Boulogne area: 7600m
23 16.9.1941 19:40 Spitfire 7./JG2  
24 20.9.1941 16:32 Spitfire 7./JG2  
25 2.10.1941 15:14 Spitfire 7./JG2 Pas-de-Calais
26 13.10.1941 15:34 Spitfire 7./JG2 Boulogne-Channel
27 21.10.1941 13:00 Spitfire 7./JG2  
28 21.10.1941 16:10 Spitfire 7./JG2  
29 12.2.1942 14:38 Whirlwind 7./JG2 N Ostend
30 15.4.1942 16:29 Spitfire 7./JG2  
31 16.4.1942 15:30 Spitfire 7./JG2  
32 16.4.1942 15:33 Spitfire 7./JG2  
33 17.4.1942 9:35 Spitfire 7./JG2  
34 17.4.1942 16:05 Boston 7./JG2  
35 25.4.1942 9:45 Spitfire 7./JG2  
36 25.4.1942 16:17 Spitfire 7./JG2  
37 25.4.1942 16:25 Spitfire 7./JG2  
38 25.4.1942 16:29 Spitfire 7./JG2  
39 30.4.1942 11:43 Spitfire 7./JG2  
40 4.5.1942 10:39 Spitfire 7./JG2  
41 4.5.1942 15:40 Spitfire 7./JG2  
42 6.5.1942 12:29 Spitfire 7./JG2  
43 3.6.1942 15:35 Spitfire 7./JG2 Off Cherbourg
44 3.6.1942 15:40 Spitfire 7./JG2 Off Cherbourg
45 6.6.1942 17:22 Spitfire 7./JG2 Cherbourg-Cap Levy
46 6.6.1942 17:22 Spitfire 7./JG2 Cherbourg-Cap Levy
47 23.6.1942 19:30 Spitfire 7./JG2 Off Start Point
48 23.6.1942 19:32 Spitfire 7./JG2 Off Start Point
49 31.7.1942 18:09 Spitfire 7./JG2  
50 18.8.1942 11:28 Spitfire 7./JG2 20km NE Cherbourg
51 19.8.1942 16:03 Hurricane 7./JG2 Near Dieppe
52 19.8.1942 16:05 Spitfire 7./JG2 Near Dieppe
53 23.11.1942 13:25 B-17 Stab III./JG 2 3853/14 West
54 23.11.1942 13:34 B-17 Stab III./JG 2 W Lacanau
55 23.11.1942 14:00 B-24 Stab III./JG 2 4855/14 West
56 30.12.1942 11:42 B-17 Stab III./JG 2 14 West N/48/4/7
57 3.1.1943 11:32 B-17 Stab III./JG 2 4-6km SW St. Nazaire
58 3.1.1943 11:35 B-17 Stab III./JG 2 5km W Loire Estuary
59 11.2.1943 12:10 Spitfire Stab III./JG 2 8km NW Boulogne
60 14.2.1943 11:36 Typhoon Stab III./JG 2 1287/05 Ost
61 14.2.1943 11:40 Typhoon Stab III./JG 2 1284/05 Ost
62 14.2.1943 12:12 Typhoon Stab III./JG 2 1288/05 Ost
63 16.4.1943 14:05 B-17 Stab III./JG 2 4829 / 14 West
64 16.4.1943 14:22 B-17 Stab III./JG 2 4834 / 14 West
65 29.5.1943 16:35 B-17 Stab III./JG 2 2928 / 14 West
66 29.5.1943 17:35 B-17 Stab III./JG 2 3871 / 14 West
67 4.7.1943 12:36 B-17 Stab/JG2 1965/04 Ost
68 4.7.1943 12:58 B-17 Stab/JG2 1065/15 West
69 14.7.1943 7:43 B-17 Stab/JG2 10km N Evreux
70 14.7.1943 8:24 B-17 Stab/JG2 SW Paris / B-17 of 94 BG, USAAG
71 30.7.1943 10:30 B-17 Stab/JG2 422/05 Ost
72 16.8.1943 10:37 P-47 Stab/JG2 Sennenville
73 22.8.1943 19:56 Spitfire Stab/JG2 Cany-Barville
74 22.8.1943 20:10 Spitfire Stab/JG2 Pont Authou
75 27.8.1943 9:45 Spitfire Stab/JG2 Tancarville
76 3.9.1943 10:40 B-17 Stab/JG2 Bailleul
77 3.9.1943 11:25 B-17 Stab/JG2 2935 / 04 Ost
78 6.9.1943 12:10 B-17 Stab/JG2 3km W Mailly-le-Camp
79 6.9.1943 12:17 B-17 Stab/JG2 6km W Troyes
80 6.9.1943 12:29 B-17 Stab/JG2 Lens
81 22.9.1943 17:17 Spitfire Stab/JG2 E Evreux
82 22.9.1943 17:20 Spitfire Stab/JG2 N Evreux
83 5.11.1943 13:39 P-47 Stab/JG2 Near Rheydt
84 5.11.1943 13:51 P-47 Stab/JG2 S Hasselt
85 1.12.1943 12:50 P-47 Stab/JG2 Gembloux-Huy area
86 1.12.1943 12:50 P-47 Stab/JG2 Liege area
87 1.12.1943 12:53 P-47 Stab/JG2 Gembloux area
88 1.12.1943 12:53 P-47 Stab/JG2 Liege area / probable
89 1.12.1943 13:10 B-17 Stab/JG2 Schelde
90 31.12.1943 12:18 B-24 Stab/JG2 Melun-Villaroche
91 4.1.1944 16:02 B-26 Stab/JG2 off Dieppe
92 4.1.1944 16:05 Spitfire Stab/JG2 off Dieppe
93 5.1.1944 10:55 P-47 Stab/JG2 NW Laval
94 5.1.1944 10:55 P-47 Stab/JG2 Marennes
95 7.1.1944 13:05 B-24 Stab/JG2 NE Orleans
96 7.1.1944 13:06 B-24 Stab/JG2 NE Orleans
97 7.1.1944 13:15 B-24 Stab/JG2 Bouville
98 7.1.1944 13:18 B-17 Stab/JG2 Les Buissons
99 14.1.1944 15:32 P-38 Stab/JG2 La Haye-du-Compte
100 5.2.1944 12:49 P-47 Stab/JG2 Arguen
101 6.2.1944 11:12 P-47 Stab/JG2 CG-9
102 6.2.1944 11:14 P-47 Stab/JG2 CG-9

Victories : 102
Awards : Deutsches Kreuz in Gold (16 July 1942)
Ritterkreuz (1 August 1941)
Eichenlaub (16 April 1943)
Schwertern (2 March 1944)
Units : JG2
http://www.luftwaffe.cz/mayer.html

Asisbiz database list of 115 aerial victories for Egon Mayer

Date Pilot Name Unit Enemy A/C Type Height Time Location
13-Jun-40 Egon Mayer 6./JG2 Morane 406   18.00  
07-Oct-40 Egon Mayer 3./JG2 Hurricane   17.00 NW Portland
15-Nov-40 Egon Mayer 8./JG2 Hurricane   17.10 Chichester
17-Jun-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   17.50  
23-Jun-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire      
23-Jun-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire      
24-Jun-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   20.42  
25-Jun-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   16.35  
02-Jul-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   13.55  
02-Jul-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Blenheim   12.38  
03-Jul-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   15.36  
03-Jul-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   11.46  
05-Jul-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   12.36  
08-Jul-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   11.46  
08-Jul-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Blenheim   12.38  
08-Jul-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   15.38  
08-Jul-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   10.45  
08-Jul-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   15.36  
09-Jul-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   14.05  
10-Jul-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   12.05  
12-Jul-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   19.26  
12-Jul-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   19.28  
18-Jul-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   10.26  
18-Jul-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   10.28  
21-Jul-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   08.52  
23-Jul-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   13.14  
23-Jul-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   13.30  
21-Aug-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   10.20  
21-Aug-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   14.32  
27-Aug-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Hurricane 6000m 09.30 NW Le Touquet
16-Sep-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   19.40  
16-Sep-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire 7600m 19.32 Raum Boulogne
20-Sep-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   16.38  
02-Oct-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   15.14  
13-Oct-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   15.34  
21-Oct-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   16.00  
21-Oct-41 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   16.10  
12-Feb-42 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Whirlwind   14.38  
15-Apr-42 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   16.29  
16-Apr-42 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   15.33  
16-Apr-42 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   15.30  
17-Apr-42 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   09.35  
17-Apr-42 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 A-20 Boston   16.05  
25-Apr-42 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   09.45  
25-Apr-42 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   16.17  
25-Apr-42 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   16.25  
25-Apr-42 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   16.29  
30-Apr-42 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   11.43  
04-May-42 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   15.40  
04-May-42 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   10.39  
06-May-42 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   12.29  
03-Jun-42 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   15.40  
03-Jun-42 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   15.35 Sea off Cherbourg
03-Jun-42 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   15.40 Sea off Cherbourg
03-Jun-42 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   15.27 Sea off Cherbourg
03-Jun-42 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   15.35  
06-Jun-42 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   17.22  
06-Jun-42 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   17.22  
23-Jun-42 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   19.32 Sea off Start Point
23-Jun-42 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   19.30 Sea off Start Point
31-Jul-42 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   18.09  
18-Aug-42 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   11.28  
19-Aug-42 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Spitfire   16.05  
19-Aug-42 Egon Mayer 7./JG2 Hurricane   16.03  
23-Nov-42 Egon Mayer Stab III./JG2 B-17 Fortress 5000m 13.34 West of Lacanau
23-Nov-42 Egon Mayer Stab III./JG2 B-17 Fortress 6000m 13.25 14 West N/38/5/3
23-Nov-42 Egon Mayer Stab III./JG2 B-24 Liberator 3200m 14.00 14 West N/48/5/5
30-Dec-42 Egon Mayer Stab III./JG2 B-17 Fortress 6000m 11.42 14 West N/48/4/7
03-Jan-43 Egon Mayer Stab III./JG2 B-17 Fortress 6000m 11.35 5km W Loire Estuary
03-Jan-43 Egon Mayer Stab III./JG2 B-17 Fortress 6800m 11.32 4-6km SW St Nazaire
11-Feb-43 Egon Mayer Stab III./JG2 Spitfire 4500m 12.10 8km NW Boulogne
14-Feb-43 Egon Mayer Stab III./JG2 Typhoon 300m 11.36 1287/05 Ost
14-Feb-43 Egon Mayer Stab III./JG2 Typhoon 600m 11.40 1284/05 Ost
14-Feb-43 Egon Mayer Stab III./JG2 Typhoon 500m 12.12 1288/05 Ost
16-Apr-43 Egon Mayer Stab III./JG2 B-17 Fortress 6000m 14.05 4829/14 West
16-Apr-43 Egon Mayer Stab III./JG2 B-17 Fortress 1000m 14.22 4834/14 West
29-May-43 Egon Mayer Stab III./JG2 B-17 Fortress 2000m 17.35 3871/14 West
29-May-43 Egon Mayer Stab III./JG2 B-17 Fortress 400m 16.35 2928/14 West
04-Jul-43 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 B-17 Fortress 7200m 12.36 1965/04 Ost
04-Jul-43 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 B-17 Fortress 7000m 12.58 1065/15 West
14-Jul-43 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 B-17 Fortress 7000m 07.43 10km N Evreux
14-Jul-43 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 B-17 Fortress 7000m 08.24 SW Paris
30-Jul-43 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 B-17 Fortress 6200m 10.30 422/05 Ost
16-Aug-43 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 P-47 Thunderbolt 6500m 10.37 Sennenville (ssE Mantes)
22-Aug-43 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 Spitfire 4500m 19.56 Cany-Barville 0061/05 West
22-Aug-43 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 Spitfire 3000m 20.10 Pont Authou (SE Pont Audemer)
27-Aug-43 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 Spitfire 3500-500m 09.45 Tancarville (Seine)
03-Sep-43 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 B-17 Fortress 6000m 10.40 Bailleul
03-Sep-43 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 B-17 Fortress 6000m 11.25 2935/04 Ost
06-Sep-43 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 B-17 Fortress 6000m 12.17 6km W Troyes
06-Sep-43 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 B-17 Fortress 7000m 12.10 3km W Mailly-le-Camp
06-Sep-43 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 B-17 Fortress 6000m 12.29 Lens
22-Sep-43 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 Spitfire 1000m 17.20 N evreux
22-Sep-43 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 Spitfire 500m 17.17 E evreux
05-Nov-43 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 P-47 Thunderbolt 1500m 13.39 bei Rheydt
05-Nov-43 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 P-47 Thunderbolt 5000-10m 13.51 N- 5 (Alken S Hasselt)
01-Dec-43 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 P-47 Thunderbolt 7500m 12.50 O -OK (Gembloux-Huy area)
01-Dec-43 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 P-47 Thunderbolt 7500m 12.50 OL-OK (Liege area)
01-Dec-43 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 P-47 Thunderbolt 7000m 12.53 OK (Gembloux area)
01-Dec-43 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 P-47 Thunderbolt 7000m 12.53 NK (Leuven area)
01-Dec-43 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 B-17 Fortress 2000m 13.10 KH (Schelde Zierikzee)
31-Dec-43 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 B-24 Liberator 7500m 12.18 AE-9 (S Albi)
04-Jan-44 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 B-26 Marauder 4000m 16.02 05 Ost S/QB 5 (off Dieppe)
04-Jan-44 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 Spitfire 1000m 16.05 05 Ost S/QB 5 (off Dieppe)
05-Jan-44 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 P-47 Thunderbolt 4500m 10.55 14 West N/OS-3 (Marennes)
05-Jan-44 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 P-47 Thunderbolt 4500m 10.55 NW Laval
07-Jan-44 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 B-24 Liberator 6500m 13.05 DE 7 (NE Orleans)
07-Jan-44 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 B-24 Liberator 6500m 13.06 NE Orleans
07-Jan-44 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 B-24 Liberator 6000m 13.15 Bouville (ssE Chartres)
07-Jan-44 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 B-17 Fortress 1500m 13.18 Les Buissons (Dreux)
14-Jan-44 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 P-38 Lightning 2000m 15.32 La Haye-du-Compte (Eure)
05-Feb-44 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 P-47 Thunderbolt 7000m 12.49 SD-7 (Arguen S Forges)
06-Feb-44 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 P-47 Thunderbolt 6500m 11.12 CG-9
06-Feb-44 Egon Mayer Stab /JG2 P-47 Thunderbolt 6500m 11.12-14 CG-9
30-Apr-44 Egon Mayer 9./JG2 B-17 Fortress II 6000m 11.57 04 Ost N/184

Walter Oesau

Walter Oesau was born on 28 June 1913 at Farnewinkel in the Dithmarschen region of Schleswig-Hostein. He went into the Reichsarbeitsdienst, or RAD1 in 1933 and then joined the Army, serving as a private in an artillery regiment. By 1934 he had become a Fahnenjunker 2 and began flying training with the Deutsche Verkehrsfliegerschule. He entered the Luftwaffe at about the time it was founded and, with his flying training completed, in 1937 he was posted to jagdgeschwader 132 'Richthofen' as a Leutnant.

1. Reichs Labour Service

2. Officer Cadet

In April 1938, Lt. Oesau volunteered for service in the Spanish Civil War and was sent to join J/88 where he flew the He 51 biplane with 3.Staffel.He claimed his first victory on 15 July, his second on the 17th and his third victory a day later. By the end of July, Oesau had five victories and by the end of his service in Spain had a total of nine, his last being a Rata shot down on 3 November. He returned to Germany promoted to Oberleutnant and with the Spanish Wound Badge, but was later awarded the Spanish Cross in Gold with Swords and Diamonds, a decoration awarded to only 27 combatants who, in the opinion of the Fuhrer, were especially deserving of it.

As from 1 March 1939, Walter Oesau served for a short time with the Stabsschwarm of I./JG2, but on 15 July was appointed Staffelkapitan of I./JG20, later to become 7./JG51. It is customary when referring to pilots' victory claims to discount any achieved in Spain, so Oesau's first victories must be considered to have occurred after the start of the Second World War when he shot down a Curtiss on 13 May, followed by two Spitfires on the 31st. By the end of the French campaign, Oesau had added two bombers to his score, bringing his total to five victories.

With the start of the Battle of Britain, 7./JG51 took part in operations over the Channel and Southern England, and between 7 July and 18 August, Oesau had added a Defiant, ten Spitfires and four Hurricanes to his score, becoming the fifth Luftwaffe pilot to reach 20 victories. For this achievement he was awarded the Ritterkreuz on the 20 August. On 25 August, Hauptmann Oesau was appointed Gruppenkommandeur of III./JG51 and on 11 November, by which time he had 39 victories, he became Kommandeur of III./JG3. Oesau's 40th victory occurred on 5 February 1941when he shot down a Spitfire flown by a sergeant pilot of 610Sqn. who became a prisoner of war, and although he identified the aircraft destroyed as a Hurricane, it was another milestone in his career; he was awarded the Oak Leaves to his Knight's Cross and the German press began referring to him as 'German Air Ace No.3'.

Hptm. Oesau claimed another Spitfire and another Hurricane in the West before his Gruppe was transferred eastwards for the launching of Operation 'Barbarossa', the attack on Russia, in June 1941.Almost immediately, Oesau began to make multiple claims, shooting down two aircraft in separate engagements on the 24th and three in two combats on the 26th. By the end of June, his score had increased to 51 and on 10 July he claimed five Soviet aircraft destroyed for his 64th to 68th victories. He recorded his 70th victory on 11 July and on the 15th his tally had increased to 80, for which he became only the third recipient of the Swords.

With a total of 86 claims, Oesau was recalled to the Western Front and on 29 July he took command of JG2, the 'Richthofen' Geschwader, following the death in action of the Kommodore, 23 victory ace and Eichenlaubtrager Major Wilhelm Balthasar on the 7th. Major Oesau scored his first victory with JG2 on 10 August, when he shot down a Spitfire, and followed up with a further five Spitfires on the 12th. By 26 October, Oesau had recorded his 100th victory, a Spitfire shot down that day, and thus became only the third Luftwaffe pilot to reach this landmark. In accordance with prevailing custom, he was then forbidden to fly further combat sorties in order that his valuable combat experience and qualities of leadership should be preserved. Oesau remained as Kommodore of JG2, however, and on 17 April 1942, despite the official ban on his operational flying, shot down one of four Lancasters claimed by JG2 as the bombers flew over the airfield at Beaumont-Ie-Roger while on their way to bomb the MAl'J diesel-engine works at Augsburg.

At this time,JG2 was equipped with the Bf-109F, but commencing in mid-March, the Gescbwader began converting to the Fw 190, a process which should have been virtually completed by the end of May 1942. Although the Fw 190 possessed some outstanding qualities, its peRGormance deteriorated above 20,000 feet and in mid-May, parts of 1./JG2 gave up their Fw 190s and began converting to the Bf-109G which had a superior peRGormance at that altitude. Parts of II.Gruppe followed suit, so that throughout the early Spring and Summer, the two Gruppen operated a mixture of Fw 190 As and Bf-109G-6s. Later, this arrangement was found to be unsatisfactory and II. Gruppe re-equipped entirely with Bf-109Gs while 1. and II1./JG2 were equipped with the Fw 190.

Meanwhile, on 28 June 1943, Oberstleutnant Walter Oesau was celebrating his 30th birthday at Beaumont-le-Roger when 43 B-17s bombed the airfield. Twenty members of the Geschwader were killed while others were injured and buildings damaged. Oesau had already been notified that he was due to take up a staff position and, three days later, he handed over command of JG2 to Eichenlaubträger Egon Mayer. For Oesau, a series of staff positions followed, including his appointment as Jafü 4 in Brittany, and he was holding this position when he was awarded the German Cross in Gold on 17 October.

By late 1943, the situation for Germany had dictated that the earlier order banning highly-decorated and experienced pilots from combat flying should be relaxed, and on 12 November 1943, Oberst Oesau was appointed Kommodore of JG1, taking over from Oberst Hans Philipp, who had been killed. Oesau soon added at least 14 four-engined US Liberator and Flying Fortress bombers and two P-47 Thunderbolts to his list of victories, his last, a P-47, being his 127th, shot down south-west of Verden on 8 May 1944.

Three days later, US bombers raided north-eastern Belgium and Luxemburg. Nearly 900 bombers took part and the fighter escort flew over 1,000 sorties. At Paderborn, 30 Bf-109Gs of Stab and III./JG1 took off with Oesau leading the three aircraft of JG1's Stabsschwarm. While still attempting to attack the bombers, Oesau was bounced by escorting P-38s and separated from his comrades. According to some sources, a ten-minute fight ensued in which Oesau battled alone against five P-38s which apparently damaged Oesau's aircraft, but thereafter accounts vary. One source maintains that the P-38 pilots made no claim as they had seen no strikes on Oesau's Bf-109, but after examination of their gun-camera film, they were credited with a probable. Another account states that Oesau was chased down to ground level where he was finally shot down. Whatever the truth, the P-38's gun-camera film apparently showed a Bf-109G¬6/AS coded 'Green 13' and with a red Reich Defence band around the rear fuselage, exactly in accordance with the markings carried by Oesau's machine.

Oesau was found near the remains of his wrecked aircraft. His body had several bullet wounds, suggesting that he was probably unconscious or already dead before his aircraft hit the ground. He was buried at MeldoRG in Schleswig-Holstein.

Unfortunately, we know little of Oesau's character as a man, most historians preferring to judge him only by his victory score. However, a few clues exist. In a secret recording, a German Po\V in RAF hands who had visited JG2 was heard explaining to a fellow prisoner that, while Oesau might have been strict on matters of efficiency and etiquette and had perhaps taken full advantage of his luxurious HQ at Beamont-le-Roger, he ensured also that his men enjoyed the same facilities without any distinctions between even senior officers and NCOs. Adolf Galland characterised Oesau by describing him as'one of the greatest fighter pilots produced by Germany during the Second World War. He was tough-minded as well as a brilliant aerial fighter.'

It seems, however, that Oesau's experiences had taken their toll, though few seemed to realise that by 1944 he was at the end of his tether. One who did was Hartmann Grasser, who served under him as a Major and Kommandeur of III./JG1. Commenting on the loss of Oesau, he said: 'At that time, Oesau was at the end of his physical and mental powers [yet] the German fighter pilots, like their officers, had to fight right through the war without rest. I consider that a grave error on the part of our High Command. I personally took part in the combat when Oesau was lost. Alone, chased by Lightnings and Mustangs, he had no chance of escaping.'

Ironically, several hours after Oesau had been shot down, StablJG1 received an order immediately transferring Oesau away from the battle-front to Galland's Headquarters Staff. Henceforth, as a tribute to its late Kommodore's achievements and leadership, JGI received the honour-title ]agdgescbwader 1 Oesau'.

Walter ‘Gulle’ Oesau was born on 28 June 1913 at Farnewinkel in the Dithmarschen region of Holst. He enlisted in the army in 1933 and served in an artillery regiment. By 1934 he had become a Fahnenjunker and was undertaking flying training with the Deutschen Verkehrsfliegerschule. On completing his flying training he was posted to Jagdgeschwader “Richtofen”. Leutnant Oesau was one of the first fighter pilots to join J/88 in Spain in April 1938. Here he served with 3. J/88 and gained nine victories. He became one of only 27 recipients of the Spanienkreuz in Gold mit Brillanten . He was also wounded in this campaign and was awarded the Spanish Wound Badge. On 1 March 1939, Oesau joined the Stabsschwarm of I./JG2. On 15 July, Oberleutnant Oesau was appointed Staffelkapitän of 1./JG20 which was later redesignated 7./JG51. Oesau gained his first victory of World War 2 on 13 May 1940. He ended the French campaign with five victories to his credit. On 18 August 1940 he became the fifth Luftwaffe pilot to reach 20 World War 2 victories, bringing him the award of the Ritterkreuz. On 25 August 1940, Hauptmann Oesau was appointed Gruppenkommandeur of III./JG51. On 11 November 1940, Oesau was appointed Gruppenkommandeur of III./JG3. He led the Gruppe to the Eastern front where the invasion of Russia was launched. He recorded his 40th victory on 5 February 1941. On 6 February, he was awarded the Eichenlaub (Nr 9). He recorded his 50th victory on 30 June. He claimed five enemy aircraft shot down on 10 July 1941 for his 64th to 68th victories. He recorded his 70th victory on 11 July and his 80th on 17 July. On 15 July his victory tally had reached 80 and he became only the third man to be awarded the Schwertern. At the end of July 1941 he was recalled to the Western Front to take command of JG2. He recorded his 100th victory on 26 October, only the third Luftwaffe pilot to reach this landmark. He was forbidden to fly further combat missions, his combat experience and leadership qualities being considered too valuable to risk. A series of staff appointments followed, including being appointed JagdfliegeRGührer 4 Brittany.

On 12 November 1943, Oberst Oesau returned to combat when he was appointed Kommodore of JG1 following the death of Oberst Hans Philipp (206 victories, RK-S). He soon added at least 14 victories against the USAAF formations of B-17 and B-24 four-engined bombers. On 11 May 1944, Oesau, leading three aircraft of the Stabsschwarm, took off from Paderborn to intercept Allied bombers raiding north-eastern Belgium and Luxembourg. During his attack on the bombers he was bounced by escorting P-38s. In the ensuing combat he was shot down and killed in his Bf-109G-6/AS (W.Nr. 20601) ‘Green 13’ near St Vith. ‘Gulle’ Oesau scored 127 victories in over 300 combat missions. 9 victories were scored during the Spanish Civil War, 74 were scored on the Western front including 14 four-engined bombers (one B-17 as engültige Vernichtung) and 44 over the Eastern front.

No Date Time Enemy A/C Type Unit Location / Comments
1. 15.7.1938 - Curtiss Stab J/88 Spanish Civil War / I-16
2. 17.7.1938 - Curtiss Stab J/88 Spanish Civil War / I-16
3. 18.7.1938 - Rata Stab J/88 Spanish Civil War
4. 20.7.1938 - Curtiss Stab J/88 Spanish Civil War / I-16
5. 27.7.1938 - SB-2 Stab J/88 Spanish Civil War
6. 15.8.1938 - Curtiss Stab J/88 Spanish Civil War / I-16
7. 20.8.1938 - Rata Stab J/88 Spanish Civil War
8. 15.10.1938 - Rata Stab J/88 Spanish Civil War
9. 3.11.1938 - Rata Stab J/88 Spanish Civil War
10. 13.5.1940 - Curtiss 7./JG51  
11. 31.5.1940 - Spitfire 7./JG51  
12. 31.5.1940 - Spitfire 7./JG51  
13. 7.6.1940 - Blenheim 7./JG51  
14. 16.6.1940 - Amiot 7./JG51  
15. 7.7.1940 - Spitfire 7./JG51  
16. 10.7.1940 - Spitfire 7./JG51  
17. 10.7.1940 - Spitfire 7./JG51 Folkestone
18. 10.7.1940 - Spitfire 7./JG51 Folkestone
19. 19.7.1940 - Defiant 7./JG51 Defiant of 141Sqn RAF
20. 19.7.1940 - Hurricane 7./JG51  
21. 25.7.1940 - Spitfire 7./JG51 Dover
22. 5.8.1940 - Spitfire 7./JG51 Dover
23. 14.8.1940 - Hurricane 7./JG51 Dover
24. 15.8.1940 - Spitfire 7./JG51 Folkestone
25. 15.8.1940 - Spitfire 7./JG51 Folkestone
- 15.8.1940 - Ballon Luftsperre 7./JG51 Dover
26. 16.8.1940 - Spitfire 7./JG51 Cape Gris Nez
27. 16.8.1940 - Spitfire 7./JG51 Cape Gris Nez
28. 18.8.1940 - Hurricane 7./JG51 Cape Gris Nez
29. 18.8.1940 - Hurricane 7./JG51 Canterbury
30. 4.9.1940 - Spitfire Stab III./JG51  
31. 6.9.1940 - Spitfire Stab III./JG51  
32. 7.9.1940 - Spitfire Stab III./JG51  
33. 11.9.1940 - Hurricane Stab III./JG51  
34. 14.9.1940 - Spitfire Stab III./JG51  
35. 14.9.1940 - Spitfire Stab III./JG51  
36. 15.9.1940 - Hurricane Stab III./JG51  
37. 18.9.1940 - Spitfire Stab III./JG51  
38. 27.9.1940 - E/a Stab III./JG51  
39. 27.9.1940 - E/a Stab III./JG51  
40. 28.9.1940 - Spitfire Stab III./JG51  
41. 30.9.1940 - E/a Stab III./JG51  
42. 30.9.1940 - E/a Stab III./JG51  
43. 30.9.1940 - E/a Stab III./JG51  
44. 5.10.1940 - Spitfire Stab III./JG51  
45. 12.10.1940 - Spitfire Stab III./JG51  
46. 15.10.1940 - Hurricane Stab III./JG51  
47. 25.10.1940 - Spitfire Stab III./JG51  
48. 1.11.1940 - Spitfire Stab III./JG51  
49. 5.2.1941 15:05 Hurricane Stab III./JG3 Desvres, 2500 m
50. 16.5.1941 15:45 Spitfire Stab III./JG3  
51. 28.5.1941 19:25 Hurricane Stab III./JG3 Pas-de-Calais
52. 24.6.1941 12:08 MiG-1 Stab III./JG3  
53. 24.6.1941 15:15 I-15 Stab III./JG3  
54. 26.6.1941 6:42 SB-2 Stab III./JG3  
55. 26.6.1941 6:45 SB-2 Stab III./JG3  
56. 26.6.1941 12:45 I-15 Stab III./JG3  
57. 26.6.1941 12:50 SB-2 Stab III./JG3  
58. 29.6.1941 18:10 Il-2 Stab III./JG3  
59. 30.6.1941 9:20 Il-2 Stab III./JG3  
60. 30.6.1941 13:30 SB-2 Stab III./JG3  
61. 1.7.1941 18:20 SB-2 Stab III./JG3 Lvov area
62. 1.7.1941 18:22 SB-2 Stab III./JG3 Lvov area
63. 1.7.1941 18:24 SB-2 Stab III./JG3 Lvov area
64. 2.7.1941 12:00 SB-3 Stab III./JG3  
65. 6.7.1941 14:42 SB-3 Stab III./JG3  
66. 6.7.1941 17:20 SB-2 Stab III./JG3  
67. 6.7.1941 17:24 Pe-2 Stab III./JG3  
68. 7.7.1941 5:57 Pe-2 Stab III./JG3  
69. 8.7.1941 13:00 SB-2 Stab III./JG3  
70. 8.7.1941 13:02 SB-2 Stab III./JG3  
71. 8.7.1941 13:04 SB-2 Stab III./JG3  
72. 8.7.1941 17:15 SB-2 Stab III./JG3  
73. 10.7.1941 9:07 Il-2 Stab III./JG3  
74. 10.7.1941 11:50 I-17 Stab III./JG3  
75. 10.7.1941 12:35 Pe-2 Stab III./JG3  
76. 10.7.1941 15:55 I-153 Stab III./JG3  
77. 10.7.1941 18:35 I-16 Stab III./JG3  
78. 11.7.1941 17:44 I-16 Stab III./JG3  
79. 11.7.1941 18:00 SB-2 Stab III./JG3  
80. 12.7.1941 13:00 Il-2 Stab III./JG3  
81. 12.7.1941 13:04 Il-2 Stab III./JG3  
82. 12.7.1941 15:35 I-16 Stab III./JG3  
83. 12.7.1941 15:35 I-16 Stab III./JG3  
84. 12.7.1941 15:35 I-16 Stab III./JG3  
85. 12.7.1941 15:36 SB-2 Stab III./JG3  
86. 12.7.1941 15:37 SB-2 Stab III./JG3  
87. 13.7.1941 11:44 DB-3 Stab III./JG3  
88. 15.7.1941 12:50 I-153 Stab III./JG3  
89. 15.7.1941 12:55 DB-3 Stab III./JG3  
90. 22.7.1941 16:40 Il-2 Stab III./JG3  
91. 23.7.1941 11:20 DB-3 Stab III./JG3  
92. 23.7.1941 13:44 SB-2 Stab III./JG3  
93. 23.7.1941 15:28 I-15 Stab III./JG3  
94. 23.7.1941 17:22 DB-3 Stab III./JG3  
95. 24.7.1941 13:55 DB-3 Stab III./JG3  
96. 10.8.1941 14:15 Spitfire Stab JG2  
97. 12.8.1941 11:43 Spitfire Stab JG2  
98. 12.8.1941 12:51 Spitfire Stab JG2 NW St. Omer
99. 12.8.1941 12:53 Spitfire Stab JG2 NW St. Omer
100. 12.8.1941 13:06 Spitfire Stab JG2 15 km SE Dover
101. 12.8.1941 13:15 Spitfire Stab JG2 SE Dover
102. 16.8.1941 19:39 Spitfire Stab JG2  
103. 16.8.1941 19:42~ Spitfire Stab JG2  
104. 21.8.1941 10:23 Spitfire Stab JG2 Off Calais
105. 21.8.1941 15:10 Spitfire Stab JG2 E Etaples
106. 31.8.1941 20:07 Spitfire Stab JG2  
107. 4.9.1941 17:35 Spitfire Stab JG2 St. Omer-Béthune
108. 13.10.1941 14:32 Spitfire Stab JG2 15km SW Boulogne
109. 26.10.1941 13:08 Spitfire Stab JG2 Spitfire Vb (AB822) of 72Sqn, RAF flown by Sgt L Stock
110. 17.4.1942 - Lancaster Stab JG2 S Beaumont-le-Roger / Lancaster of 44Sqn RAF, L7536, KM-H
111. 20.12.1942 12:30 B-17 Stab JG2 Melun
112. 20.12.1942 13:53 B-17 Stab JG2 25km NNW Dieppe
113. 4.4.1943 14:30 B-17 Stab JG2 W St Pierre
114. 5.1.1944 12:00 B-24 Stab JG1 Heide, 7500 m
115. 30.1.1944 12:00 B-17 Stab JG1 SW Osnabrück
116. 30.1.1944 12:20 B-17 e.V. Stab JG1  
117. 8.2.1944 12:00 P-38 Stab JG1 Friedburg-Giessen, 8400 m
118. 10.2.1944 12:55 B-17 Stab JG1 Zwolle-Hardenburg, 6000 m
119. 10.2.1944 13:00 P-47 Stab JG1 Zwolle-Kampen, 4000 m
120. 22.2.1944 13:36 B-17 Stab JG1 N Thierl (Bielefeld-Münster), 6000 m
121. 22.2.1944 15:25 B-17 Stab JG1  
122. 24.2.1944 12:40 B-17 Stab JG1 Hameln-Hildesheim, 7500 m
123. 25.2.1944 13:05 B-17 Stab JG1 Baden-Baden area, 6500 m
124. 25.2.1944 15:00 B-24 Stab JG1 Baden-Baden area, 5000 m
125. 6.3.1944 12:05 P-47 Stab JG1 NW Vechta, 6500 m
126. 6.3.1944 12:20 B-17 Stab JG1 S Delmenhorst, 3000 m
127. 8.5.1944 9:45 P-47 Stab JG1 SW Verden

Victories : 127
Awards : Knight`s Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords
Units : J/88, JG51, JG3, JG2, JG1
http://www.luftwaffe.cz/oesau.html

No Date Time Enemy A/C Type Unit Location Comments
13-May-40 Walter Oesau 1./JG20 Hawk-75A   19.27 Halsteren
31-May-40 Walter Oesau 1./JG20 Spitfire   18.22 NW Dunkirk
31-May-40 Walter Oesau 1./JG20 Spitfire   18.26 NW Dunkirk
01-Jun-40 Walter Oesau 1./JG20 Blenheim   11.35 20km N Ostende
13-Jun-40 Walter Oesau 1./JG20 Amiot 351   15.41 SW Les Andelys
13-May-40 Walter Oesau 1./JG20 P-40 Warhawk   19.27 Halsteren
31-May-40 Walter Oesau 1./JG20 Spitfire   18.22 NW Dunkirk
31-May-40 Walter Oesau 1./JG20 Spitfire   18.26 NW Dunkirk
01-Jun-40 Walter Oesau 1./JG20 Blenheim   11.35 20km N Ostende
13-Jun-40 Walter Oesau 1./JG20 Amiot 351   15.41 SW of Les Andelys
07-Jul-40 Walter Oesau 7./JG51 Spitfire   14.05 5km South of Dover
10-Jul-40 Walter Oesau 7./JG51 Spitfire   14.39 5km South of Dover
10-Jul-40 Walter Oesau 7./JG51 Spitfire   14.49 10km South of Dover
10-Jul-40 Walter Oesau 7./JG51 Spitfire   15.04 West of Folkestone
19-Jul-40 Walter Oesau 7./JG51 Defiant   13.50 South of Folkestone
19-Jul-40 Walter Oesau 7./JG51 Hurricane   13.55 South of Dover
25-Jul-40 Walter Oesau 7./JG51 Spitfire   15.52 5km South of Dover
05-Aug-40 Walter Oesau 7./JG51 Spitfire   09.59 10km SW Dover
14-Aug-40 Walter Oesau 7./JG51 Hurricane   13.59 NW Dover
15-Aug-40 Walter Oesau 7./JG51 Spitfire   12.32 South of Folkestone
15-Aug-40 Walter Oesau 7./JG51 Spitfire   12.34 5km South of Folkestone
16-Aug-40 Walter Oesau 7./JG51 Spitfire   17.35 20km NW Cap Gris Nez
16-Aug-40 Walter Oesau 7./JG51 Spitfire   17.36 20km NW Cap Gris Nez
18-Aug-40 Walter Oesau 7./JG51 Hurricane   18.37 3km South Canterbury
18-Aug-40 Walter Oesau 7./JG51 Hurricane   18.50 8km NW Cap Gris Nez
04-Sep-40 Walter Oesau Stab III./JG51 Spitfire      
06-Sep-40 Walter Oesau Stab III./JG51 Spitfire      
07-Sep-40 Walter Oesau Stab III./JG51 Spitfire     South of London
11-Sep-40 Walter Oesau Stab III./JG51 Spitfire      
14-Sep-40 Walter Oesau Stab III./JG51 Spitfire      
14-Sep-40 Walter Oesau Stab III./JG51 Spitfire      
15-Sep-40 Walter Oesau Stab III./JG51 Spitfire      
18-Sep-40 Walter Oesau Stab III./JG51 Spitfire 6500m 14.30 5km SE Ashford
27-Sep-40 Walter Oesau Stab III./JG51 Hurricane      
27-Sep-40 Walter Oesau Stab III./JG51 Hurricane      
28-Sep-40 Walter Oesau Stab III./JG51 Spitfire      
29-Sep-40 Walter Oesau Stab III./JG51 Spitfire      
29-Sep-40 Walter Oesau Stab III./JG51 Spitfire      
30-Sep-40 Walter Oesau Stab III./JG51 Spitfire      
05-Oct-40 Walter Oesau Stab III./JG51 Spitfire     South of London
12-Oct-40 Walter Oesau Stab III./JG51 Hurricane      
15-Oct-40 Walter Oesau Stab III./JG51 Hurricane      
25-Oct-40 Walter Oesau Stab III./JG51 Spitfire      
01-Nov-40 Walter Oesau Stab III./JG51 Spitfire      
05-Feb-41 Walter Oesau Stab III./JG3 Hurricane 2500m 14.05 Desvres (40 Abschuss)
16-May-41 Walter Oesau Stab III./JG3 Spitfire   15.45  
28-May-41 Walter Oesau Stab III./JG3 Hurricane   19.25 N Calais
10-Aug-41 Walter Oesau Stab /JG2 Spitfire   14.15  
12-Aug-41 Walter Oesau Stab /JG2 Hurricane   11.43  
12-Aug-41 Walter Oesau Stab /JG2 Spitfire   12.50  
12-Aug-41 Walter Oesau Stab /JG2 Spitfire   12.54  
12-Aug-41 Walter Oesau Stab /JG2 Spitfire   13.06  
12-Aug-41 Walter Oesau Stab /JG2 Spitfire   19.27 15km S Dungeness
16-Aug-41 Walter Oesau Stab /JG2 Spitfire   19.38  
21-Aug-41 Walter Oesau Stab /JG2 Spitfire 5500m 10.23 vor Calais
21-Aug-41 Walter Oesau Stab /JG2 Spitfire 6000m 15.10 ostw Etaples
31-Aug-41 Walter Oesau Stab /JG2 Spitfire   20.07  
04-Sep-41 Walter Oesau Stab /JG2 Spitfire   17.35  
13-Oct-41 Walter Oesau Stab /JG2 Spitfire 1500m 14.32-35 15km SW Boulogne
13-Oct-41 Walter Oesau Stab /JG2 Spitfire   15.28  
26-Oct-41 Walter Oesau Stab /JG2 Spitfire   13.08  
17-Apr-42 Walter Oesau Stab /JG2 Lancaster*   17.10  
17-Apr-42 Walter Oesau Stab /JG2 Lancaster   16.55 le Vieil-Evreux 6km ESE Evreux (44Sqn)
05-Sep-42 Walter Oesau Stab /JG2 Spitfire 7700-8000m 11.45 0021/05 Ost
20-Dec-42 Walter Oesau Stab /JG2 B-17 Fortress 5000-6000m 12.30 Melun
20-Dec-42 Walter Oesau Stab /JG2 B-17 Fortress 5000-3500m 13.53 20km NNW Dieppe
04-Apr-43 Walter Oesau Stab /JG2 B-17 Fortress 6500m 14.30 West of St Pierre-les-Elbeuf
29-May-43 Walter Oesau Stab /JG2 B-17 Fortress 7-8000m 17.25 3831/14 West
05-Jan-44 Walter Oesau Stab /JG1 B-24 Liberator   12.00  
30-Jan-44 Walter Oesau Stab /JG1 B-17 Fortress   12.00  
30-Jan-44 Walter Oesau Stab /JG1 B-17 Fortress e.V.   12.20  
08-Feb-44 Walter Oesau Stab /JG1 P-38 Lightning 8400-7600m 12.00 PS-QR (220˚ Bad Nauheim)
10-Feb-44 Walter Oesau Stab /JG1 B-17 Fortress 6000m 12.55 FO-4 (S Coevorden)
10-Feb-44 Walter Oesau Stab /JG1 P-47 Thunderbolt 4000m 13.00 FM-FN (Meppel 270˚ Kampen)
22-Feb-44 Walter Oesau Stab /JG1 B-17 Fortress 1000m 13.36 10km N Thier (Gutersloh)
22-Feb-44 Walter Oesau Stab /JG1 B-17 Fortress   15.25  
24-Feb-44 Walter Oesau Stab /JG1 B-17 Fortress 75-6000m 12.35-40 HT-JT (S Hameln)
25-Feb-44 Walter Oesau Stab /JG1 B-17 Fortress 6500m 13.05 05 Ost S/AR-8 Baden-Baden
25-Feb-44 Walter Oesau Stab /JG1 B-24 Liberator 5000m 15.00 04 Ost S/AQ 2-3 W Baden-Baden
06-Mar-44 Walter Oesau Stab /JG1 P-47 Thunderbolt 500-800m 12.05-10 Cloppenburg-Vechta
06-Mar-44 Walter Oesau Stab /JG1 B-17 Fortress 3000m 12.15-20 ER to FR (Vechta area)
08-May-44 Walter Oesau Stab /JG1 P-47 Thunderbolt   09.45 FS-FT (Sulinghen-Nienburg)

 Some of the most widely used Book References:

  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase One: July-August 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 1) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Eddie J Creek (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Two: August-September 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 2) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Three: September-October 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 3) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Four: November 1940-June 1941 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 4) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)

 Some of the most widely used Magazine References:

  • Airfix Magazines (English) - http://www.airfix.com/
  • Avions (French) - http://www.aerostories.org/~aerobiblio/rubrique10.html
  • FlyPast (English) - http://www.flypast.com/
  • Flugzeug Publikations GmbH (German) - http://vdmedien.com/flugzeug-publikations-gmbh-hersteller_verlag-vdm-heinz-nickel-33.html
  • Flugzeug Classic (German) - http://www.flugzeugclassic.de/
  • Klassiker (German) - http://shop.flugrevue.de/abo/klassiker-der-luftfahrt
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://boutique.editions-lariviere.fr/site/abonnement-le-fana-de-l-aviation-626-4-6.html
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://www.pdfmagazines.org/tags/Le+Fana+De+L+Aviation/
  • Osprey (English) - http://www.ospreypublishing.com/
  • Revi Magazines (Czech) - http://www.revi.cz/

This webpage was updated 27th October 2015

Editor for Asisbiz: Matthew Laird Acred
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