Fw 190A Table

JG1 - Jagdgeschwader 1

Jagdgeschwader 1

Focke-Wulf Fw 190A Jagdwaffe 1 Holding the West

Focke-Wulf Fw 190A 2./JG1 France 1942 01

Photo 01: An early A-series Fw190, probably an A-1 but possibly an A-2 or A-3, with an interesting nose decoration. It is almost certain that this aircraft belonged to II./JG1 and was photographed in the Spring of 1942, although whether it was an operational machine or one used by the unit for training purposes is not known.

Focke-Wulf Fw 190A 7./JG1 pilot Harry Koch France 1942 01

Photo 02: In the Summer of 1942 a similarly marked machine was flown by Oblt. Harry Koch, Staffelkapitan of 7./JG1

Focke-Wulf Fw 190A 1./JG1 France 1942 01

Photo 01: During the Autumn of 1942, many Luftwaffe single and twin-engined fighters began to be modified to carry underwing launching tubes for 21 cm Wgr 21 mortars. These unguided missiles could be fired from outside the range of the US bombers defensive fire to break up formations and were intended to increase the fighters' weight of fire without adding cumbersome heavy-calibre guns. The missiles were fused to explode some 1,000 metres in front of the launching aircraft. The Fw 190A-5s and A-6s of I./JG1 were equipped with 21 cm mortars in early June and although early results were encouraging, they were removed some weeks later when Allied escort fighters appeared over Europe

 
 IL-2 Sturmovik 'Cliff's of Dover' - COD game skins
No game skins for this unit as yet!

 

Eberhard von Burath

Eberhard Burath was born on 6 June 1918. Burath was posted to JG1, following the completion of his flying training in, October 1942. Leutnant Burath was assigned to 11./JG1, based at Monchengladbach. By February 1943, Burath was fulfilling the role of Gruppenadjutant of IV./JG1. On 21 May 1943, now based at Schipol in Holland operating with 3./JG1, Burath participated in the interception of USAAF four-engine bombers returning from raiding targets in Germany. He was successful in downing one of the bombers 100 kilometres north of Ameland for his first victory. On 28 July, Burath participated in an attack on USAAF B-17 four-engine bombers in the Leeuwarden area. In the ensuing combat, Burath's Fw 190 was hit necessitating a belly-landing in a potato field near Buitenpost. Burath was shot down again on 10 February 1944. While attacking USAAF B-17s over Braunschweig, his Fw 190 was hit. He successfully baled out, landing near Watenstedt uninjured. On 1 March 1944, Oberleutnant Burath was appointed Staffelkapitan of 4./JG1. Burath was shot down again on 29 March. By March 1945, Burath was serving as Staffelkapitan of 9./JG51. He recorded his seventh, and last, victory on 22 March, when he shot down a Russian Pe-2 twin-engine bomber.

Eberhard Burath was credited with seven victories. He recorded one victory over the Eastern front. All six victories he recorded over the Western front were four-engine bombers.

No Date Time Enemy A/C Type Unit Location
1 21.5.1943 13:15 B-17 3./JG1 100km N Ameland
2 26.7.1943 12:50 B-17 3./JG1 05 Ost S/CP-5-2
3 11.1.1944 11:30 B-17 4./JG1 S Paderborn
4 10.2.1944 12:04 B-17 HSS 4./JG1 N Gifhorn
5 23.3.1944 10:33 B-17 4./JG1 Braunschweig area
6 11.4.1944   B-17 4./JG1 Braunschweig area / not confirmed
7 22.3.1945 10:45-11:30 Pe-2 9./JG51 95 636

Victories : 7
Awards :
Units : JG1, JG51
http://www.luftwaffe.cz/burath.html

Asisbiz database list of 7 aerial victories for Eberhard von Burath

Date Pilot Name Unit Enemy A/C Type Height Time Location
21-May-43 Eberhard von Burath Stab I./JG1 B-17 Fortress 7000m 13:02 6412 (100km N Ameland)
26-Jul-43 Eberhard von Burath Stab I./JG1 B-17 Fortress 7000m 12:50 05 Ost S/CP-5-2
11-Jan-44 Eberhard von Burath Stab IV./JG1 B-17 Fortress   11:30 KS-4 S Paderborn
10-Feb-44 Eberhard von Burath Stab IV./JG1 B-17 Fortress Hss 4000m 12:04 FB N Gifhorn
23-Mar-44 Eberhard von Burath Stab IV./JG1 B-17 Fortress   10:33 15 Ost S/GA-GB Raum Braunschweig
11-Apr-44 Eberhard von Burath Stab IV./JG1 B-17 Fortress     15 Ost S/FB Raum Braunschweig
22-Mar-45 Eberhard von Burath 9./JG51 Pe-2   10:45-11:30 95636

Asisbiz database list of 97 aerial victories for Paul-Heinrich Dahne

Date Pilot Name Unit Enemy A/C Type Height Time Location
Tuesday, August 26, 1941 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Blenheim 5m 14:15 6569
Tuesday, January 20, 1942 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 I-61 2000m 10:45 4758
Tuesday, August 04, 1942 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 LaGG-3 20m 05:20 66 601
Tuesday, August 04, 1942 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 LaGG-3 20m 05:21 66 652
Wednesday, August 19, 1942 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 LaGG-3 800m 12:23 54 161
Saturday, August 22, 1942 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Yak-1 1000m 14:25 54 252
Saturday, August 22, 1942 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik 5m 14:35 54 283
Saturday, August 22, 1942 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik   14:37 54 283
Friday, February 05, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik 50m 12:20 81 744
Friday, May 07, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Il-7 Low Level 18:35 61 680
Monday, May 31, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Yak-1 300m 04:19 75 231
Wednesday, June 02, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 P-39 Aircobra 600m 13:32 75 233
Thursday, June 03, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 LaGG-5 200m 18:15 76 864
Monday, July 05, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik 50m 03:30 61 621
Monday, July 05, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Yak-1 2000m 03:36 61 451
Monday, July 05, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 LaGG-5 1000m 10:10 61 472
Monday, July 05, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik 10m 10:25 61 192
Tuesday, July 06, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik 10m 06:13 61 392
Wednesday, July 07, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 LaGG-5 500m 13:20 61 273
Wednesday, July 14, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Yak-1 2500m 16:12 61 111
Saturday, July 31, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Yak-1 600m 16:50 88 252
Saturday, July 31, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik 100m 16:55 88 252
Tuesday, August 03, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Yak-1 500m 17:10 88 253
Wednesday, August 04, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Yak-1 1500m 16:20 61 346
Tuesday, August 17, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Yak-1 1500m 10:40 79 252
Wednesday, August 18, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 P-39 Aircobra 3000m 13:32 88 253
Friday, August 20, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Yak-1 300m 05:33 88 225
Friday, August 20, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Yak-1 3000m 12:50 98 355
Friday, August 20, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik 600m 15:13 88 237
Friday, August 20, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik 600m 17:34 88 255
Saturday, August 21, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Yak-1 700m 10:55 88 228
Saturday, August 21, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 La-5 800m 16:35 88 252
Sunday, August 22, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Yak-1 1200m 14:35 70 754
Sunday, August 22, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik 800m 05:42 70 788
Sunday, September 05, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 P-39 Aircobra 4000m 16:20 79 392
Sunday, September 05, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 P-39 Aircobra 2000m 16:23 79 394
Saturday, September 11, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik 800m 07:05 31 651
Tuesday, September 21, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik m.H. 800m 16:14 66 852
Friday, September 24, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Yak-1 500m 10:00 66 891
Saturday, September 25, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 P-39 Aircobra 1500m 12:52 65 221
Sunday, September 26, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Yak-9 1000m 14:35 77 854
Monday, October 04, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik m.H. 200m 12:16 66 652
Monday, October 04, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik m.H. 200m 12:18 66 682
Friday, October 08, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Yak-9 1000m 08:25 66 624
Friday, October 08, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Yak-9 200m 15:15 22 661
Thursday, October 14, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 LaGG-5 100m 06:50 58 143
Saturday, October 16, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 P-39 Aircobra 100m 12:30 39 282
Saturday, October 16, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Yak-9 200m 14:55 39 284
Wednesday, October 20, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik m.H. 800m 10:19 48 291
Wednesday, October 20, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik m.H. 10m 14:55 58 354
Thursday, October 21, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 P-39 Aircobra 5500m 07:38 39 683
Thursday, October 21, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 P-39 Aircobra 50m 07:48 39 643
Friday, October 22, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik m.H. 10m 14:58 58 384
Saturday, October 23, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik m.H. 600m 12:10 59 742
Saturday, October 23, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik m.H. 100m 14:50 58 383
Sunday, October 24, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 P-39 Aircobra 600m 08:58 39 831
Thursday, October 28, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Yak-9 600m 08:03 47 154
Friday, October 29, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Yak-9 Low Level 07:15 47 294
Monday, November 01, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik m.H. 200m 10:18 66 831
Tuesday, November 02, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik m.H. 200m 13:38 47 742
Tuesday, November 02, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik m.H. 200m 13:40 47 742
Tuesday, November 02, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik m.H. Low Level 15:05 46 154
Tuesday, November 02, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik m.H. 400m 15:15 46 172
Tuesday, November 02, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Yak-1 200m 13:35 46 141
Saturday, December 11, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 P-39 Aircobra 600m 10:53 NE Fedvar
Wednesday, December 15, 1943 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 P-39 Aircobra 800m 14:48 29 651
Friday, March 10, 1944 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 P-39 Aircobra 1500m 15:12 17 421
Friday, March 10, 1944 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 P-39 Aircobra 1500m 15:07 27 422
Friday, March 10, 1944 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 P-39 Aircobra 1500m 15:03 27 143
Monday, March 20, 1944 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 R-5   10:05 28 543 Bodennahe
Friday, March 24, 1944 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik Low Level 13:50 18 193
Thursday, March 30, 1944 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Yak-7 500m 14:50 68 473
Monday, April 17, 1944 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 U-2   07:50 98 411 Bodennahe
Monday, April 17, 1944 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 P-39 Aircobra Low Level 12:10 78 151
Monday, April 17, 1944 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 P-39 Aircobra 300m 14:55 98 61
Tuesday, April 18, 1944 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 P-39 Aircobra 300m 17:55 98 61
Tuesday, April 25, 1944 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 LaGG-5 2000m 16:36 97 454
Monday, May 01, 1944 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik m.H. Low Level 18:04 78 732
Wednesday, May 03, 1944 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 P-39 Aircobra 200m 08:42 78 593
Wednesday, May 03, 1944 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Yak-9 1000m 17:11 78 573
Wednesday, May 03, 1944 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 P-39 Aircobra 2000m 17:13 78 552
Friday, May 12, 1944 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik m.H. 200m 17:47 98 791
Sunday, May 14, 1944 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 2./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik m.H. 100m 14:30 97 131
Monday, June 26, 1944 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 10./JG11 Yak-9 2000m 19:45 95 554
Friday, June 30, 1944 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 10./JG11 B-25 Mitchell 2000m 17:20 94 143
Friday, June 30, 1944 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 10./JG11 P-39 Aircobra 100m 17:25 94 184
Sunday, July 09, 1944 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 10./JG11 Il-2 Sturmovik m.H. 500m 09:15 55 323
Monday, July 17, 1944 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 10./JG11 Yak-9 100m 18:00 41 754
Tuesday, July 18, 1944 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 10./JG11 P-39 Aircobra 100m 14:57 42 582
Wednesday, July 19, 1944 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 10./JG11 Il-2 Sturmovik m.H. 400m 15:00 32 824
Wednesday, July 19, 1944 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 10./JG11 Yak-9 10m 19:45 32 851
Monday, September 25, 1944 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 12./JG11 P-47 Thunderbolt   - Raum Arnheim
Monday, September 25, 1944 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 12./JG11 P-47 Thunderbolt     Raum Arnheim
Wednesday, September 27, 1944 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 12./JG11 Spitfire   - -
Wednesday, September 27, 1944 Paul-Heinrich Dahne 12./JG11 Spitfire      
Sunday, December 24, 1944 Paul-Heinrich Dahne Stab III./JG11 P-38 Lightning 3000m 10:23 SO 4 (S. Konz/Hunsruck)
Sunday, December 24, 1944 Paul-Heinrich Dahne Stab III./JG11 P-38 Lightning 3000m 10:23 SO 4 (S Konz/Hunsruck)

Asisbiz database list of 48 aerial victories for Hans Ehlers

Date Pilot Name Unit Enemy A/C Type Height Time Location
Saturday, May 18, 1940 Hans Ehlers 2./JG3 Spitfire   20:30 SE Valenciennes
Saturday, May 18, 1940 Hans Ehlers 2./JG3 Spitfire   20:30 SE Valenciennes
Saturday, May 18, 1940 Hans Ehlers 2./JG3 Spitfire   20:30 SE Valenciennes
Saturday, May 18, 1940 Hans Ehlers 2./JG3 Spitfire   20:30 SE Valenciennes
Monday, August 26, 1940 Hans Ehlers 2./JG3 Spitfire     West of Calais
Thursday, September 05, 1940 Hans Ehlers 2./JG3 Spitfire     Raum London
Wednesday, February 05, 1941 Hans Ehlers 2./JG3 Spitfire     NW St Omer
Friday, June 19, 1942 Hans Ehlers 6./JG1 Spitfire   11:24 Sea 20km NE Zeebrugge
Friday, June 19, 1942 Hans Ehlers 6./JG1 Spitfire   11:35 05 Ost S/32/3/5 SWWalcheren
Sunday, December 06, 1942 Hans Ehlers 6./JG1 B-17 Fortress      
Thursday, March 11, 1943 Hans Ehlers 6./JG1 Spitfire   17:53 40km W Ijmuiden
Monday, May 03, 1943 Hans Ehlers 6./JG1 Spitfire   17:52 15km NW Haarlem
Monday, May 03, 1943 Hans Ehlers 6./JG1 Ventura   17:58 25km N Haarlem
Tuesday, May 04, 1943 Hans Ehlers 6./JG1 Spitfire   19:18 SE Lamswaarde
Friday, May 14, 1943 Hans Ehlers 6./JG1 P-47 Thunderbolt     40km W Vlissinghen
Tuesday, June 22, 1943 Hans Ehlers 6./JG1 Spitfire      
Thursday, June 10, 1943 Hans Ehlers 6./JG1 Spitfire      
Tuesday, August 17, 1943 Hans Ehlers 2./JG1 B-17 Fortress Hss 6500m 11:58 05 Ost S/RT-8 W Wertheim
Tuesday, August 17, 1943 Hans Ehlers 2./JG1 B-17 Fortress 6500m 12:15 05 Ost S/SR-5 Worms
Monday, October 04, 1943 Hans Ehlers 2./JG1 B-17 Fortress Hss 7500m 11:50 05 Ost/S QQ (area W Frankfurt)
Friday, October 08, 1943 Hans Ehlers 2./JG1 B-17 Fortress 7000m 15:45 ES-9 (20km NW Nienburg)
Monday, November 29, 1943 Hans Ehlers 3./JG1 B-17 Fortress      
Wednesday, December 01, 1943 Hans Ehlers 3./JG1 B-17 Fortress 8000m 12:22 Raum Dusseldorf
Saturday, December 11, 1943 Hans Ehlers 3./JG1 B-17 Fortress Hss 7500m 12:26 EO-45 (Borger SE Assen)
Thursday, December 16, 1943 Hans Ehlers 3./JG1 B-17 Fortress 7500m 14:05 EL (Ijsselmeer)
Thursday, December 16, 1943 Hans Ehlers 3./JG1 B-17 Fortress 4000m 14:15 DL-EL (Wadenzee-Ijsselmeer)
Monday, December 20, 1943 Hans Ehlers 3./JG1 B-17 Fortress 7500m 12:05 DS-2 (Bremen area)
Monday, December 20, 1943 Hans Ehlers 3./JG1 B-17 Fortress 800m 12:30 UP (North Sea off Frisians)
Sunday, January 30, 1944 Hans Ehlers 3./JG1 B-17 Fortress   12:05  
Sunday, January 30, 1944 Hans Ehlers 3./JG1 B-17 Fortress      
Sunday, February 20, 1944 Hans Ehlers 3./JG1 P-51 Mustang      
Tuesday, February 22, 1944 Hans Ehlers 3./JG1 B-17 Fortress 6500m 12:50 05 Ost S/JP (Coesfeld-Dulmen)
Monday, March 06, 1944 Hans Ehlers 3./JG1 B-17 Fortress 6500m 12:35 05 Ost S/FR-2 (Vechta)
Wednesday, March 08, 1944 Hans Ehlers 3./JG1 P-47 Thunderbolt Low Level 13:30 40km NE Hannover
Wednesday, March 15, 1944 Hans Ehlers 3./JG1 P-38 Lightning      
Wednesday, March 29, 1944 Hans Ehlers 3./JG1 P-38 Lightning      
Saturday, April 08, 1944 Hans Ehlers 3./JG1 B-24 Liberator 6500m 13:55 05 Ost S/EB S Salzwedel
Sunday, April 09, 1944 Hans Ehlers 3./JG1 B-17 Fortress      
Sunday, April 09, 1944 Hans Ehlers 3./JG1 P-51 Mustang      
Tuesday, April 11, 1944 Hans Ehlers 3./JG1 B-17 Fortress 5500m 11:02 15 Ost S/GA 7km SE Burgdorf
Tuesday, April 11, 1944 Hans Ehlers 3./JG1 P-51 Mustang      
Tuesday, April 11, 1944 Hans Ehlers 3./JG1 P-51 Mustang      
Thursday, April 13, 1944 Hans Ehlers 3./JG1 B-17 Fortress 7000m 13:50 05 Ost S/RS-ss Darmstadt area
Saturday, May 13, 1944 Hans Ehlers 3./JG1 P-47 Thunderbolt Low Level 13:40-45 TD See (Mecklenberger Bucht)
Friday, May 19, 1944 Hans Ehlers 3./JG1 B-24 Liberator 6000m 13:00-10 FT-FU (S Verden)
Tuesday, November 21, 1944 Hans Ehlers Stab I./JG1 B-17 Fortress 8600m 12:10 MC-ND-NC (Gotha-Erfurt)
Sunday, June 22, 1941 Hans Ehlers 3./JG3 I-16 Rata      
Wednesday, January 05, 1944 Hans Ehlers 1./JG1 B-17 Fortress 6500m 12:45 -

Hermann Graf

Additional Sources:
http://www.luftwaffe.cz/graf.html

Hermann Graf was born on 24 October 1912 at Engen in Baden. As the son of a blacksmith, his modest family origins and poor academic achievements barred access to a military career. He completed an apprenticeship as a locksmith but dropped the trade and took a clerical post at the local municipal offices. He remained in the job until the outbreak of the war. Graf had taken up gliding in 1932, and by 1936 had also qualified as a pilot of powered aircraft. He was also an enthusiastic soccer player.

In 1935, Graf applied for flight training with the Luftwaffe. On 2 June 1936, he joined the Fliegerführerschule at Karlsruhe to begin his basic flying training, graduating on 25 September 1936. Graf completed advanced flying training on 31 May 1938. Despite being selected to undergo multi-engine flying training, Graf succeeded in being posted to 2./JG51, a fighter unit equipped with the Bf-109 E-1, with the rank of Unteroffizier on 31 May 1939. On the outbreak of World War 2, Graf was promoted to the rank of Feldwebel. He flew 21 frontier patrols over the Franco-German border without firing his guns in anger.

On 20 January 1940, Graf was transferred as an instructor to Ergänzungs-Jagdgruppe Merseburg. He was promoted to the rank of Leutnant on 1 May. Graf was transferred to JG52 on 6 October 1940 based at Berlin-Schönwalde. Leutnant Graf was assigned to 9./JG52. On 14 October, Graf relocated to Rumania with the unit and instructed Rumanian pilots under the auspicies of the German military mission. During this period 9./JG52 was redesignated 3./JG28 but was reinstated as 9./JG52 in late December. In late May 1941, a detachment of III./JG52 was transferred to Greece to support the invasion of Crete. Graf flew many ground-attck missions over the island. By early June, the detachment had relocated back to Rumania. On 1 August 1941, Graf accompanied 9./JG52 to the Ukrainian airfield of Biyala Tserkov.

On 4 August, he recorded his first victory when he shot down a Russian I-16 fighter during an escort mission for German Ju 87 Stuka dive-bombers against Kiev. On 27 September, his Bf-109 was damaged by return fire from the Russian DB-3 twin-engine bomber he was attacking. Graf managed to bring his damaged aircraft back across the front line and a safe landing. In October, Graf claimed 12 victories, including two Russian fighters shot down on 3 October to record his ninth and 10th victories. In December he again claimed 12 victories, including three enemy aircraft shot down on 6 December (32-34), a further three shot down on 8 December (35-37) and four on 27 December (38-41). Graf was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 24 January after reaching 45 victories.

On 23 March 1942, following his 50th victory, Graf was appointed Staffelkapitän of 9./JG52. His leadership fostered emerging fighter pilots such as Alfred Grislawski (133 victories, RK-EL), Ernst Süss (68 victories, RK, killed in action 20 December 1943), Leopold Steinbatz (99 victories, RK-S, killed in action 15 June 1942) and Heinrich Füllgrabe (67 victories, RK, killed in action 30 January 1945). Graf, began an incredible run of success when, in three weeks, commencing the last week of April, he shot down 48 Russian aircraft. On 30 April, he claimed six victories (64-69), seven on 2 May (70-76), seven on 8 May (79-86), six on 13 May (91-96) and eight on 14 May (97-104).

On 17 May 1942, Graf was awarded the Eichenlaub for reaching 104 victories. He was seventh Luftwaffe fighter pilot to achieve 100 victories. The Schwerten (Nr 11) followed two days later, on 19 May 1942, for reaching 106 victories. Graf continued his amazing success during the battles over and around Stalingrad. He claimed 32 victories in August, including four enemy aircraft shot down on 13 August (112-115), five Russian fighters shot down on 14 August (116-120) and a further four Russian fighters shot down on 23 August (130-133). Graf claimed an incredible 62 victories in September, including four on 2 September (141-145), another four on 3 September (146-149), four on 21 September (182-185) and 10 on 23 September (188-197). On 26 September he shot down three enemy aircraft to become the first fighter pilot credited with 200 victories. On 16 September 1942, Oberleutnant Graf was awarded the Brillanten: only the fifth recipient. After achieving his 200th victory he was ordered not to fly operationally. During this period, Graf had had his fair share of close shaves.

On 15 September 1942, he had received a cannon hit in the cockpit, on 16 September, he had received 30 hits to his aircraft and on 19 September, his aircraft received hits from ground fire in the wings and, later that day, had half of his rudder shot away. Graf was much feted by the Nazi media. His “star status” was enhanced by his appearances in goal for “die Roten Jäger” or Red Hunters, a Luftwaffe soccer team, which was effectively the German national soccer squad. In the first half of 1943, Graf commanded Ergänzungs-Jagdgruppe Ost, an advanced fighter pilots’ training school, based at Bordeaux in France. On 21 July 1943, Jagdgruppe Süd der ObdL was formed as a high altitude fighter unit to combat RAF Mosquito twin-engine reconnaisance aircraft. On 15 August 1943, the unit was redesignated JG50. Major Graf was tasked with leading JG50, a role he performed until the unit was disbanded in October 1943 and absorbed into I./JG301. Graf was to claim three victories while serving with this unit, including two USAAF B-17 four-engine bombers shot down on 6 September (204-205). Oberst Graf was appointed Kommodore of JG11 on 11 November 1943. Over the next four months he would be credited with six victories on Reichsverteidigung operations despite being forbidden to take part in combat missions.

On 29 March 1944, Graf downed one USAAF P-51 Mustang and rammed another. Wounded, he was forced to bale out of his stricken Bf109G-6 (W.Nr 26020) “<+”. On 1 October 1944, Oberst Graf was appointed Kommodore of JG52 based on the Eastern front. He led the unit in a constant retreat through East Prussia, Silesia and Böhmen. He surrendered to American forces at Pisek on 8 May 1945. The Americans, however, promptly handed Graf to Russians. Graf was incarcerated by the Soviets, finally being released on 25 December 1949. Graf was to be heavily criticised by his peers for collaborating with his captors during his five years of imprisonment. Graf became a salesman for an electronics manufacturer and rose to become a Branch Manager in Baden and later Head of Sales. He took up flying becoming a member of the Swiss Aeroclub. From 1965, Graf was afflicted with Parkinson’s disease and he died on 4 November 1988 in his hometown of Engen.

Hermann Graf is credited with 212 victories in over 830 missions. He recorded 202 victories over the Eastern Front. Of his 10 victories recorded over the Western front, six were four-engine bombers.

No Date Time Enemy A/C Type Unit Location / Comments
1 4.8.1941 6:20 I-16 9./JG52 10km SSE Kiev
2 5.8.1941 6:20 I-16 9./JG52 3km S Kiev
3 11.8.1941 14:35 MiG-3 9./JG52 2km E Kanev
4 30.8.1941 8:40 DB-3 9./JG52 60km NE Dnepropetrovsk
5 6.9.1941 18:23 I-16 9./JG52 25-30km E Kremenchug
6 13.9.1941 10:46 Yak-1 9./JG52 15km NW Perekop
7 24.9.1941 12:10 DB-3 9./JG52 Balakliya
8 27.9.1941 14:22 DB-3 9./JG52 50km W Kharkov
9 3.10.1941 17:00 Yak-1 9./JG52 10km E Kharkov
10 3.10.1941 17:05 I-16 9./JG52 E Kharkov
11 11.10.1941 7:10 SB-2 9./JG52 10km E Lozovaya
12 11.10.1941 7:15 I-153 9./JG52 20km E Lozovaya
13 14.10.1941 16:10 Yak-1 9./JG52 10km N Valki
14 14.10.1941 16:13 Yak-1 9./JG52 15km N Valki
15 24.10.1941 12:50 MiG-3 9./JG52 Boysovka
16 24.10.1941 12:52 MiG-3 9./JG52 Boysovka
17 25.10.1941 15:21 MiG-3 9./JG52 Aibary / Yak-1 of 32IAP, VVS-ChF flown by Michail Avdevyev (17 victories), damaged
18 27.10.1941 15:38 MiG-3 9./JG52 10km S Yushno
19 28.10.1941 10:02 MiG-3 9./JG52 SE Aibary
20 28.10.1941 10:03 R-5 9./JG52 SE Aibary
21 1.11.1941 16:15 MiG-3 9./JG52 N Sevastopol
22 8.11.1941 11:58 MiG-3 9./JG52 S Rostov
23 9.11.1941 14:35 I-16 9./JG52 10km E Shakhty
24 11.11.1941 14:35 MiG-3 9./JG52 N Rovenkiy
25 17.11.1941 14:38 I-16 9./JG52 10km E Rostov
26 20.11.1941 13:52 Su-2 9./JG52 20km NE Agrafenovka
27 23.11.1941 13:36 Il-2  9./JG52 S Rostov
28 29.11.1941 10:21 I-16 9./JG52 10km NNE Rostov
29 29.11.1941 10:27 DB-3 9./JG52 ENE Rostov
30 29.11.1941 13:07 I-16 9./JG52 S Bataysk
31 2.12.1941 12:19 I-16 9./JG52 20km S Taganrog
32 6.12.1941 12:52 Il-2 9./JG52 E Lysogorskaya
33 6.12.1941 14:25 I-16 9./JG52 W Azov
34 6.12.1941 14:32 I-16 9./JG52 E Azov
35 8.12.1941 9:43 I-5 9./JG52 20km E Taganrog
36 8.12.1941 9:44 I-5 9./JG52 25km E Taganrog
37 8.12.1941 9:52 I-16 9./JG52 SW Rabovka
38 27.12.1941 12:01 I-16 9./JG52 30km E Taganrog
39 27.12.1941 12:05 I-16 9./JG52 10km E Asov
40 27.12.1941 14:25 I-16 9./JG52 NE Golodayevka
41 27.12.1941 14:30 SB-2 9./JG52 NE Golodayevka
42 28.12.1941 13:32 Yak-1 9./JG52 20km SW Taganrog
43 7.1.1942 14:50 I-16 9./JG52 Sansnoye
44 7.1.1942 14:55 I-16 9./JG52 Novaya Slobodka
45 8.1.1942 11:25 E/a 9./JG52 E Prilepiy
46 25.1.1942 15:42 I-16 9./JG52 10km E Izyum
47 3.2.1942 9:35 Su-2 9./JG52 Nuvo
48 23.3.1943 13:06 Yak-1 9./JG52 8km SE Gniliza
49 23.3.1942 13:14 Yak-1 9./JG52 3km SE Burluk
50 23.3.1942 17:26 Su-2 9./JG52 E Kotovka
51 25.3.1942 6:25 Yak-1 9./JG52 15km E Staryy Saltov
52 27.3.1942 10:11 Yak-1 9./JG52 15km E Volchansk
53 27.3.1942 17:18 MiG-3 9./JG52 10km NE Burluk
54 28.3.1942 5:53 I-16 9./JG52 3km W Burluk
55 28.3.1942 6:18 Yak-1 9./JG52 3km W Kotovka
56 28.3.1942 17:08 MiG-3 9./JG52 5km E Staryy Saltov
57 28.3.1942 17:41 I-16 9./JG52 Gniliza
58 30.3.1942 12:05 MiG-3 9./JG52 15km W Burluk
59 6.4.1942 6:02 I-16 9./JG52 2km NE Staryy Saltov
60 6.4.1942 6:04 I-16 9./JG52 10km E Staryy Saltov
61 29.4.1942   Yak-1? 9./JG52 Kerch Peninsula
62 29.4.1942   Yak-1? 9./JG52 Kerch Peninsula
63 29.4.1942   Yak-1? 9./JG52 Kerch Peninsula
64 30.4.1942   E/a 9./JG52 Kerch Peninsula
65 30.4.1942   E/a 9./JG52 Kerch Peninsula
66 30.4.1942   E/a 9./JG52 Kerch Peninsula
67 30.4.1942 16:42 E/a 9./JG52 Kerch Peninsula
28 30.4.1942 16:47 E/a 9./JG52 Kerch Peninsula
69 30.4.1942 16:50 E/a 9./JG52 Kerch Peninsula
70 2.5.1942 4:00 I-16 9./JG52 Kerch Peninsula
71 2.5.1942 4:00 I-16 9./JG52 Kerch Peninsula
72 2.5.1942 4:00 I-16 9./JG52 Kerch Peninsula
73 2.5.1942 11:15 I-153 9./JG52 Kerch Peninsula
74 2.5.1942 11:15 E/a 9./JG52 Kerch Peninsula
75 2.5.1942   E/a 9./JG52 Kerch Peninsula
76 2.5.1942   E/a 9./JG52 Kerch Peninsula
77 3.5.1942   E/a 9./JG52 Crimea
78 5.5.1942   E/a 9./JG52 Crimea
79 8.5.1942   MiG-3 9./JG52 Crimea
80 8.5.1942 10:58 E/a 9./JG52 Crimea
81 8.5.1942 11:02 E/a 9./JG52 Crimea
82 8.5.1942 11:07 E/a 9./JG52 Crimea
83 8.5.1942   I-16 9./JG52 Kerch Peninsula
84 8.5.1942 13:32 E/a 9./JG52 Kerch Peninsula
85 8.5.1942 17:28 MiG-3 9./JG52 Crimea
86 9.5.1942   E/a 9./JG52 Crimea
87 9.5.1942   E/a 9./JG52 Crimea
88 11.5.1942   I-16 9./JG52 Kerch Peninsula
89 11.5.1942   I-16 9./JG52 Kerch Peninsula
90 12.5.1942   E/a 9./JG52 Zürichtal-Kharkov-Rogan
91 13.5.1942   E/a 9./JG52 Kharkov area
92 13.5.1942   E/a 9./JG52 Kharkov area
93 13.5.1942   E/a 9./JG52 Kharkov area
94 13.5.1942   E/a 9./JG52 Kharkov area
95 13.5.1942   E/a 9./JG52 Kharkov area
96 13.5.1942   E/a 9./JG52 Kharkov area
97 14.5.1942   E/a 9./JG52 Kharkov area
98 14.5.1942   E/a 9./JG52 Kharkov area
99 14.5.1942   E/a 9./JG52 Kharkov area
100 14.5.1942   MiG-3 9./JG52 Staryy Saltov-Kotovka
101 14.5.1942 16:45 MiG-3 9./JG52 Staryy Saltov-Kotovka
102 14.5.1942 16:45 MiG-3 9./JG52 Staryy Saltov-Kotovka
103 14.5.1942 16:45 MiG-3 9./JG52 Staryy Saltov-Kotovka
104 14.5.1942 16:45 MiG-3 9./JG52 Staryy Saltov-Kotovka
105 15.5.1942   E/a 9./JG52 Kharkov area
106 20.5.1942 17:37 Pe-3 9./JG52 Kharkov area
107 21.5.1942   MiG-3 9./JG52  
108 23.5.1942 16:28 I-16 9./JG52 Kharkov area
109 30.6.1942   E/a 9./JG52 Kharkov-Rogan
110 30.6.1942   E/a 9./JG52 Kharkov-Rogan
111 30.6.1942   E/a 9./JG52 Kharkov-Rogan
112 3.8.1942 18:30 Il-2 9./JG52 06 67?
113 5.8.1942 9:37 LaGG-3 9./JG52 06 760
114 12.8.1942 14:32 Yak-1 9./JG52 86 754
115 13.8.1942 15:32 I-16 9./JG52 85 123
116 14.8.1942 10:14 I-16 9./JG52 95 112
117 14.8.1942 10:20 I-16 9./JG52 95 113
118 14.8.1942 13:37 Yak-1 9./JG52 85 263
119 14.8.1942 13:52 Hurricane 9./JG52 85 224
120 14.8.1942 13:57 LaGG-3 9./JG52 85 241
121 15.8.1942 16:41 Yak-1 9./JG52 95 174
122 16.8.1942 16:54 I-16 9./JG52 85 314
123 17.8.1942 11:42 I-153 9./JG52 85 423
124 17.8.1942 15:36 I-153 9./JG52 85 433
125 17.8.1942 15:41 I-153 9./JG52 95 581
126 18.8.1942 16:43 I-153 9./JG52 85 253
127 18.8.1942 16:43 R-5 9./JG52 85 494
128 22.8.1942 13:55 Il-2 9./JG52 30 892
129 22.8.1942 14:03 Yak-1 9./JG52 49 154
130 23.8.1942 7:22 LaGG-3 9./JG52 49 413
131 23.8.1942 7:27 I-180 9./JG52 49 194
132 23.8.1942 13:28 LaGG-3 9./JG52 49 271
133 23.8.1942 13:31 LaGG-3 9./JG52 49 194
134 24.8.1942 9:28 I-180 9./JG52 49 421
135 24.8.1942 9:58 Il-2 9./JG52 49 243
136 25.8.1942 11:51 LaGG-3 9./JG52 49 412
137 25.8.1942 17:27 LaGG-3 9./JG52 49 412
138 29.8.1942 14:22 LaGG-3 9./JG52 59 173
139 30.8.1942 16:52 P-2 9./JG52 49 613
140 30.8.1942 17:07 Il-2 9./JG52 49 361
141 2.9.1942 9:12 P-40 9./JG52 49 362
142 2.9.1942 9:15 Il-2 9./JG52 49 441
143 2.9.1942 13:32 DB-7 9./JG52 59 143
144 2.9.1942 17:12 P-40 9./JG52 49 413
145 2.9.1942 17:15 LaGG-3 9./JG52 49 361
146 3.9.1942 13:48 LaGG-3 9./JG52 40 872
147 3.9.1942 13:51 Yak-1 9./JG52 40 852
148 3.9.1942 17:06 Yak-1 9./JG52 40 471
149 3.9.1942 17:13 Yak-1 9./JG52 49 234
150 4.9.1942 10:12 Yak-1 9./JG52 49 241
151 5.9.1942 16:50 P-40 9./JG52 46 881
152 6.9.1942 13:21 Yak-1 9./JG52 49 163
153 6.9.1942 13:23 Yak-1 9./JG52 49 124
154 6.9.1942 13:27 Yak-1 9./JG52 40 784
155 8.9.1942 11:28 La-5 9./JG52 49 192
156 8.9.1942 11:29 Il-2 9./JG52 49 194
157 8.9.1942 11:35 La-5 9./JG52 49 253
158 9.9.1942 13:21 La-5 9./JG52 49 412
159 9.9.1942 13:34 La-5 9./JG52 49 444
160 9.9.1942 16:46 LaGG-3 9./JG52 44 461
161 10.9.1942 15:24 La-5 9./JG52 49 444 / La-5 of 287 IAD, VVS
162 10.9.1942 15:35 La-5 9./JG52 49 444 / La-5 of 287 IAD, VVS
163 11.9.1942 15:58 Pe-2 9./JG52 40 781 / Pe-2 of 270 BAD, VVS
164 11.9.1942 16:09 P-40 9./JG52 40 884 / P-40 of 731 IAP, VVS
165 12.9.1942 16:47 P-40 9./JG52 49 412
166 12.9.1942 17:13 P-40 9./JG52 49 161
167 14.9.1942 8:00 I-16 9./JG52 49 453
168 14.9.1942 8:04 I-16 9./JG52 49 420
169 14.9.1942 8:09 Yak-1 9./JG52 49 411
170 15.9.1942 6:35 I-16 9./JG52 49 423
171 15.9.1942 6:39 I-153 9./JG52 49 453
172 15.9.1942 7:05 LaGG-3 9./JG52 49 272
173 16.9.1942 7:35 Su-2 9./JG52 49 271
174 16.9.1942 7:39 P-40 9./JG52 40 882
175 17.9.1942 8:48 Yak-1 9./JG52 40 782
176 17.9.1942 8:52 Yak-1 9./JG52 40 872
177 17.9.1942 14:36 LaGG-3 9./JG52 59 111
178 18.9.1942 11:37 LaGG-3 9./JG52 49 124
179 18.9.1942 11:59 LaGG-3 9./JG52 49 121
180 18.9.1942 12:12 Il-2 9./JG52 49 134
181 20.9.1942 8:20 LaGG-3 9./JG52 40 764
182 21.9.1942 11:32 Yak-1 9./JG52 49 151
183 21.9.1942 11:40 Yak-1 9./JG52 49 132
184 21.9.1942 16:25 Il-2 9./JG52 49 412
185 21.9.1942 17:02 Yak-1 9./JG52 10 162
186 22.9.1942 11:20 I-16 9./JG52 49 272
187 22.9.1942 16:45 Yak-1 9./JG52 49 261
188 23.9.1942 10:42 Yak-1 9./JG52 49 274
189 23.9.1942 11:03 Il-2 9./JG52 49 201
190 23.9.1942 11:05 LaGG-3 9./JG52 40 792
191 23.9.1942 11:07 LaGG-3 9./JG52 49 764
192 23.9.1942 14:30 Yak-1 9./JG52 49 124
193 23.9.1942 14:31 Su-2 9./JG52 49 138
194 23.9.1942 14:33 Su-2 9./JG52 40 794
195 23.9.1942 16:39 Yak-1 9./JG52 40 782
196 23.9.1942 16:42 Yak-1 9./JG52 40 763
197 23.9.1942 16:55 LaGG-3 9./JG52 49 423
198 25.9.1942 14:41 La-5 9./JG52 59 144
199 25.9.1942 14:46 La-5 9./JG52 49 284
200 26.9.1942 8:57 I-153 9./JG52 49 294
201 26.9.1942 16:42 LaGG-3 9./JG52 49 211
202 26.9.1942 16:58 Yak-1 9./JG52 49 451
203 ??.6.1943   Mosquito Stab/JG50 Groningen
204 6.9.1943 10:50 B-17 Stab/JG50 15km NE Stuttgart
205 6.9.1943 11:08 B-17 Stab/JG50 S Schwarzwald
206 1943-44   Viermot Stab/JG11  
207 11.2.1944 11:50 B-17 Stab/JG11 5km S Celle
208 24.2.1944 13:40 B-24 Stab/JG11 Giessen area
209 6.3.1944   B-24 HSS Stab/JG11  
210 8.3.1944   P-51 Stab/JG11 FA-FE
211 29.3.1944   P-51 Stab/JG11 N Hannover
212 29.3.1944   P-51 Stab/JG11 Schwarmstedt area / Rammed

Victories : 212
Awards :
Ehrenpokal (15 December 1941)
Deutsches Kreuz in Gold (April 1942)
Ritterkreuz (24 January 1942)
Eichenlaub (17 May 1942)
Schwertern (16 September 1942)
Brillanten (16 September 1942)
Units : JG52, JG50, JG11

Asisbiz database list of Aerial Victories for Hermann Graf:

Date Pilot Name Unit Enemy A/C Type Height Time Location
08-May-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 I-16 Rata 2500m 10.47 bei Sielschuk
03-Aug-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik 400m 18.30 0667
05-Aug-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 LaGG-3 400m 09.37 06 760
12-Aug-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Yak-1 400m 14.32 86 754
13-Aug-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 I-16 Rata 300m 15.32 85 123
14-Aug-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Hurricane 1000m 13.52 85 224
14-Aug-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 LaGG-3 300m 13.57 85 241
14-Aug-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Yak-1 600m 13.37 85 263
14-Aug-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 I-16 Rata 300m 10.20 95 113
14-Aug-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 I-16 Rata 150m 10.14 95 112
15-Aug-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Yak-1 50m 16.41 95 174
16-Aug-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 I-16 Rata 50m 16.54 85 314
17-Aug-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 I-153 400m 11.42 85 423
17-Aug-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 I-153 1500m 15.36 85 433
17-Aug-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 I-153 400m 15.41 95 581
18-Aug-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 I-153 600m 16.43 85 253
18-Aug-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 R-5 Low Level 16.43 85 494
22-Aug-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik 800m 13.55 30 892
22-Aug-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Yak-1 600m 14.03 49 154
23-Aug-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 LaGG-3 3200m 07.22 49 413
23-Aug-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 LaGG-3 1800m 13.31 49 194
23-Aug-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 I-180 2200m 07.27 49 194
23-Aug-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 LaGG-3 3000m 13.28 49 271
24-Aug-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 I-180 1200m 09.28 49 421
25-Aug-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 LaGG-3 3500m 11.51 49 412
25-Aug-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 LaGG-3 4000m 17.27 49 412
29-Aug-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 LaGG-3 1800m 14.22 59 173
30-Aug-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 P-2 Low Level 16.52 49 613
30-Aug-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik 400m 17.07 49 361
02-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 P-40 Warhawk 800m 09.12 49 362
02-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 P-40 Warhawk 2500m 17.11 49 413
02-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 LaGG-3 4200m 17.15 49 361
02-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik Low Level 09.15 49 441
02-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 DB-7 7000m 13.32 59 143
03-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 LaGG-3 3800m 13.48 40 872
03-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Yak-1 2400m 13.51 40 852
03-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Yak-1 2200m 17.06 40 471
03-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Yak-1 400m 17.13 49 234
04-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Yak-1 2000m 10.12 49 241
05-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 P-40 Warhawk Low Level 16.50 46 881
06-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Yak-1 Low Level 13.27 40 784
06-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Yak-1 600m 13.23 49 124
06-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Yak-1 400m 13.21 49 163
08-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 La-5 3000m 11.35 49 253
08-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik 100m 11.29 49 194
08-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 La-5 600m 11.28 49 192
09-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 LaGG-3 1800m 16.46 44 461
09-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 La-5 1200m 13.34 49 444
09-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 La-5 2000m 13.21 49 412
10-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 La-5 2500m 15.24 49 444
10-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 La-5 2300m 15.35 49 444
11-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 P-2 2800m 15.58 40 781
11-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 P-40 Warhawk 3000m 16.09 40 889
12-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 P-40 Warhawk 1800m 16.47 49 412
12-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 P-40 Warhawk Low Level 17.13 49 161
14-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 I-16 Rata 800m 08.00 49 453
14-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 I-16 Rata 1200m 08.04 49 420
14-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Yak-1 1000m 08.09 49 411
15-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 I-16 Rata 400m 06.35 49 423
15-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 I-153 700m 06.39 49 453
15-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 LaGG-3 1200m 07.05 49 272
16-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Su-2 3000m 07.35 49 271
16-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 P-40 Warhawk 3500m 07.39 40 882
17-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Yak-1 3800m 08.48 40 782
17-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Yak-1 3200m 08.52 40 872
17-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 LaGG-3 3800m 14.36 59 111
18-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 LaGG-3   11.37 49 124
18-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 LaGG-3   11.59 49 121
18-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik   12.12 49 134
20-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 LaGG-3 4200m 08.20 40 764
21-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik Low Level 16.25 49 412
21-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Yak-1 200m 17.02 10 162
21-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Yak-1 1200m 11.40 49 132
21-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Yak-1 200m 11.32 49 151
22-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 I-16 Rata 1200m 11.20 49 272
22-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Yak-1 3200m 16.45 49 261
23-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Yak-1 1200m 16.42 40 763
23-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 LaGG-3 1500m 16.55 49 423
23-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Yak-1 3200m 16.39 40 782
23-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Su-2 1200m 14.33 40 794
23-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Su-2 1500m 14.31 49 138
23-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 LaGG-3 Low Level 11.07 49 764
23-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 LaGG-3 1800m 11.05 40 792
23-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik 100m 11.03 49 201
23-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Yak-1 2000m 10.42 49 274
23-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Yak-1 1800m 14.30 49 124
25-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 La-5 2200m 14.41 59 144
25-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 La-5 1200m 14.46 49 284
26-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 I-153 800m 08.57 49 294 (Estimate)
26-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 LaGG-3 2200m 16.42 49 211
26-Sep-42 Hermann Graf 9./JG52 Yak-1 1600m 16.58 49 451
06-Sep-43 Hermann Graf Stab /JGr.50 B-17 Fortress 7000m 10.50 30-50km S Stuttgart
06-Sep-43 Hermann Graf Stab /JGr.50 B-17 Fortress 6000m 11.08 S Schwarzwald
10-Feb-44 Hermann Graf Stab /JG11 B-17 Fortress 6500m 11.50 FA-7 (SSW Celle)
24-Feb-44 Hermann Graf Stab /JG11 B-24 Liberator 7000m 13.40 05 Ost S/QT Raum Giessen
06-Mar-44 Hermann Graf Stab /JG11 B-24 Liberator Hss      
08-Mar-44 Hermann Graf Stab /JG11 P-51 Mustang      
29-Mar-44 Hermann Graf Stab /JG11 P-51 Mustang      
29-Mar-44 Hermann Graf Stab /JG11 P-51 Mustang      
05-Jun-44 Hermann Graf 7./JG52 Yak-9 800m 10.21 78 561

The original I./ JG1 while based in Jesau, had little part in the Invasion of Poland. Within Eastern Prussia, they were re-deployed to three forward bases; Heiligenbeil (near the Baltic coast), Schippenbeil and Arys-Rostken (near the Polish border). Since the Polish air force had its hands full dealing with armored divisions, I./JG1 had negligible involvement. No enemy aircraft were downed. The only casualty was a pilot of 2./JG1 injured by friendly flak. On 5 September 1939, the group moved back to Jesau. After a ten day stop in Lubeck-Blankensee, the group arrived at Vorden. Although from now on I./JG1 came under administrative control of JG27. I./JG1 was temporarily put under administrative control of JG77 on 4 June 1940. It came back under control of JG27 few days later.

One version suggested that some of the downed JG1 pilots faced the wrath of the Belgium civilians. The body of one of the pilots was stripped and attacked by an angry mob. Another pilot, Unteroffizier Fritz Hoffman, barely escaped by involuntarily surrendering to Allied forces after being shot down by Flight Lieutenant Czeslaw Mroczyk of 317 Squadron. He was a POW, along with 10 other pilots shot down the same day. Other pilots like Feldwebel Paul Mayr and Leutnant Ernst Von Johannides died after being shot down by No. 317 Squadron. In turn, Flight Lieutenant Tadeusz Powierza was shot down and killed. Another Allied pilot crash-landed after downing a German aircraft. As more Spitfires arrived, the balance slowly turned in the favor of the Allies.

Flying Officer Tadesusz Szlenkier shot down the Fw 190 piloted by Harry Klints, who was chasing another Spitfire. Szlenkier in turn was attacked by another German pilot and crash-landed. Pilot Officer Andrezj Dromlewicz was credited for downing another German aircraft after a lot of evasive action. Flight Lieutenant Mach too shot down another German aircraft after a wild chase at ground level. However, he was in turn chased by another German Fw 190 that was shot down by his wing man, Warrant Officer Stainslaw Bednarcyzk.

After taking a lot of punishment, the remaining pilots of I./JG1 and II./JG1 started their homeward journey, although some of whom were downed by enemy flak. One such casualty was Fw. Paul Wunderlich. They also came under fire from friendly flak, downing even more pilots. It was probably due to the fact that the German flak crew was unaware of secret Luftwaffe mission. In all, JG1 claimed 32 Spitfires, one B-17 and one Short Stirling. However, RAF records state only 13 Spitfires were lost, and only eight were shot down in aerial combat. Just four were listed as lost in aerial engagements with JG1. Two Allied pilots died from the Polish squadrons. In all, JG1 lost 12 pilots killed in action with six more POW. Some six were considered to be missing in action and probably died. One pilot was wounded in action.

JG1's commander, Oberst Herbert Ihlefeld, was reasonably upset upon return. He personally ran into friendly flak that didn't improve his mood. He had lost the commander of I./JG1, Georg Hackbarth, who was later replaced by bomber pilot Major Gunther Capito. This was the same Capito who had the misfortune of being the only wingman of Erich Hartmann shot down. JG1 never recovered from those losses.

Defense of the Reich 1945

After the disastrous losses of Operation Bodenplatte, and failing to maintain air superiority over the Ardennes area, a severely weakened II./JG1 was beginning to transfer from Western Germany to Insterburg in East Prussia (modern Chernyakhovsk in Poland). I./JG1 had to face British fighters over Hengelo-Twente area on 14 January 1945. In an engagement in fog, JG1 lost twelve pilots with seven being killed, three wounded and two missing. Not used to flying blind, the fighters were scattered all over North Germany. The spitfires shot down entire 1. and 2./JG1 squadrons at the Twente airport as they took off for the loss of two. Of note was the loss of Unteroffizier Gunter Sill of I./JG1 flying Fw 190D-9. Ihlefeld threatened to court martial Major G. Capito the new leader of I./JG1 for that disastrous loss but wasn't able to do so in the process of transferring to Eastern front. In Poland, they were briefly assigned to Luftflotte Reich (the Air Fleet assigned to defend what was left of Germany from the final Allied offensives).

It was during this time that the unit began converting to the new jet-propelled Heinkel He 162A 'Volksjager', which would replace the unit's Fw 190As. Some 12 pilots were killed flying the new fighter, mainly through flying accidents. I./JG1 had moved back to Parchim, performing 'Defense of the Reich' duties. Since this was not far from Rostock-Marienehe, where the Heinkel factory was located, it was easier for the pilots of I./JG1 to pick up the new jets. I./JG1 started training on the new jet aircraft in March 1945. However, with Germany on the brink of collapse, transportation and fuel supply was getting difficult with the increased Allied air attacks.

On 7 April 1945, 134 B-17 Flying Fortresses bombed the field at Parchim. In two days, I./JG1 relocated to a nearby airfield at Ludwigslust. They had to move again a week later, north to the airfield at Leck. Around this time, II./JG1 had moved to airfield at Marienehe and started taking delivery of He 162s. These new jet aircraft would never see widespread combat with JG1 due to their late introduction. With a shortage of pilots, aircraft and fuel, JG1 could no longer field their full complement or effectively fly operations as required.

The new He 162 had about half an hour's worth of fuel. This endurance was simply not enough, and at least two of JG-1's pilots were killed making Deadstick landing after exhausting their fuel. By April, I./JG1 had scored a number of kills, but at the cost of 13 He 162s and 10 pilots. The losses were mostly attributed to issues with the He 162 such as engine flame-outs or occasional structural failures, which can most probably be attributed to poor design and insufficient development time. On 24 April 1945, III./JG1 was disbanded.

On 19 April at least one He 162 of 3./JG1 fell victim to a Hawker Tempest of 222 Squadron. Leutnant Gerhard Steimer wrote:

We took off from the concrete runway in Leck, Kirchner (Fhj.Fw Gunther Kirchner) stayed 30 metres behind me on my right side as usual;... We climbed up to about 200 metres, when suddenly two Thunderbolts appeared behind us and instantly shot down Gunther Kirchner's plane. I saw him jettison canopy and catapult but his parachute did not deploy. I was very lucky that the Thunderbolts did not press on with another attack.

The times and heights of the combat match closely with an account by Flight Lieutenant G. Walkington of 222 Squadron who reported shooting down an unusual looking German aircraft while out on an armed reconnaissance in the area. At times the blunt-nosed, elliptical-wing Tempests were misidentified as Thunderbolts. This was the first loss of an He 162 in combat.

Dissolution

On 30 April 1945, II./JG1 was combined with I./JG1 at Leck to form two new groups (Gruppen): I. (Einsatz)/JG1 and II. (Sammel)/JG1; a combined total of about 50 pilots and aircraft. Within days of this last re-organization, the original JG1 ceased to exist as the war in Europe ended. Surviving JG1 crews collectively turned in their He 162s to the Allies. On 4 May 1945, all of JG1's surviving He-162s were formed into a special consolidated Intervention groups (Einsatzgruppen). However on 5 May 1945, there was a ceasefire which effectively grounded the He 162s.

'Throughout the entire war, our JG1 had the thankless task of defending the north-west flank of the Reich, which, until the Americans entered the air war, merited little attention. The Geschwader came to the fore with the start of the 'Defense of the Reich', which was to be a harsh baptism of fire.'
Eberhard Burath former Adjutant from JG1,

Notable successes and losses

One of the most famous group commanders (Gruppenkommandeure) of JG1 was Major Heinz 'Pritzl' Bar, before he was promoted as wing commander of JG3. Credited with 220 kills, Bar was the 8th ranking aerial 'Ace' of all time. Other notable aces were Oberstleutnant Georg-Peter Eder, the highest-scoring Luftwaffe ace against the USAAF, who would go on to become a 'jet ace', scoring at least 12 and possibly 24 victories in an Me 262 while serving with Kommando Nowotny and JG7. According to Luftwaffe rules of engagement, there has to be a witness (human or gun camera) for a confirmation of the kill. Also a confirmed kill required complete destruction and/or pilot bailout. Simply put 'no witness = no kill'. Together, this ensured accurate reporting, however it also resulted in many unconfirmed and uncredited kills. Although an unconfirmed kill made for good morale boost & daily Group press release, Reich Air Ministry clerks had a special stamp for such claims. It said 'Without Witness' (Ohne Zeugen!). Such claims were supposedly rarely confirmed. However in some cases, those claims did match with actual allied losses.

An example of such unconfirmed kills was that of Oberleutnant Rudiger von Kirchmayr of Staffel 4./JG1. He was flying back alone to join his squadron on 12 June 1944. In a confrontation with Spitfires, he claimed to have shot one down over Flers. Since there was no witness, this kill went unconfirmed. According to RAF records no Spitfire was lost over this area. The Gruppe's 700th victory occurred on 29 April 1944, credited to Oberlt. von Kirchmayr as his 15th kill. There were several high-scoring pilots associated with JG1. For example, Alfred Grislawski had a score of 134 to his name, Georg-Peter Eder had 78, and Walter Oesau had 127 confirmed prior to his death.

However, despite notable successes, losses were also high. For example, five of the fourteen Group commanders (Gruppenkommandeure) of II./JG1 were killed in action while serving with II./JG1. The notable losses were Oberstleutnant Rohwer, and Hauptmanns Kijewski, Wickop, Seegatz and Dahne. During early 1944, prior to D-Day, II./JG1 was led by one of its four experienced formation commanders. These were Hauptmann Segatz, Major Bar, and Oberleutnants von Kirchmayr and Eder. Yet the unit suffered heavy losses (along with most other wings in the West) of 48 pilots killed, 23 wounded, and 158 aircraft destroyed for 164 confirmed victories. Of these, 119 were USAAF four-engined bombers.

Significantly, the highly experienced and irreplaceable experts were among the losses. The most notable loss of II./JG1 was its Kommandeur, Hauptmann Seegatz (KIA 8 March 1944, 40 kills). The Group (also lost seven experienced team leaders (Rottenfuhrer) and flight leaders (Schwarmfuhrer).

* Unteroffizier Erich Negraszus (KIA 11 February 1944, 3 Kills),
* Feldwebel Heinz Fuchs (KIA 24 February 1944, 11 Kills),
* Unteroffizier Hans-Joachim Tunger (KIA 3 March 1944, 4 Kills),
* Feldwebel Heinz Kahl (KIA 12 May 1944, 9 Kills),
* Unteroffizier Helmut Stiegler (KIA 12 May 1944, 6 Kills),
* Unteroffizier Heinrich Weber (KIA 16 May 1944, 3 Kills),
* Leutnant Gunther Buchholz (KIA 31 May 1944, 5 Kills).

When 8./JG1 (originally 7./JG51) was transferred from Eastern front, it had 15 pilots in May 1944. By August, twelve pilots had been killed, one captured and another severely wounded; only Leutenant Gunther Heckmann was the sole pilot remaining.

The Luftwaffe units committed to battle after the D-Day landings suffered further catastrophic losses against the overwhelming numbers of allied fighters present. In the ten weeks of action following D-Day, II./JG1 lost 106 aircraft (41 in air combat) and 30 pilots, for just 32 air claims. Many experienced and irreplaceable Experte were killed during this time. Hauptmann Karl-Heinz Weber, Gruppenkommandeur of III./JG1 (136 claims) was killed in action against Polish Wing Mustangs on 7 June 1944, north of Paris, while on 17 June 1944, Leutnant 'Toni' Piffer (35 claims) was shot down and killed in aerial combat with USAAF fighters over La Cordonnerie.

On 16 June 1944, while 8./JG1 was moving from Le Mans to Essay, France came under attack by the P-51s of 354th Fighter Wing, near Alencon. In the ensuing dogfight, 8./JG1 lost three pilots and one mechanic riding passenger. Those were Uffz. Gunther Henschel, Uffz. Franz Zechner, and Feldwebel Helmuth Heidemann. The mechanic was Uffz. Herbert Redlich. Also lost were two other aircraft without loss of life.

Total pilot losses in World War II were 464 killed in action, 174 wounded, 94 killed in accidents, and 16 POW.

JG1 Knight's Cross recipients

The following soldiers received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross or a higher grade while being assigned to Jagdgeschwader 1.

Name Knight's Cross Oak Leaves
Schumacher, Carl-AlfredCarl-Alfred Schumacher 01940-07-21 21 July 1940  
Olejink, RobertRobert Olejink 01941-07-27 27 July 1941  
Grislawski, AlfredAlfred Grislawski 01942-07-01 1 July 1942[b] Awarded 446th Oak Leaves 11 April 1944
Ehlers, HansHans Ehlers 01944-06-09 9 June 1944  
Eder, Georg-PeterGeorg-Peter Eder 01944-06-24 24 June 1944 Awarded 663rd Oak Leaves 25 November 1944
Piffer, Anton-RudolfAnton-Rudolf Piffer 01944-10-20 20 October 1944  

Commanding officers

Wing Commanders (Geschwaderkommodore)

Originally JG1 was formed as a single Group I./JG1 in 1938. A full wing was formed only in Nov 1939. The first Wing Commander was Schumacher.

* Oberstleutnant Carl-Alfred Schumacher, 30 November 1939 - 5 January 1942
* Major Erich von Selle, 6 January 1942 - 27 August 1942
* Oberstleutnant Erich Mix, August 1942 - 31 March 1943
* Oberstleutnant Hans Philipp, 1 April 1943 - 8 October 1943
* Major Hermann Graf, October 1943 - 10 November 1943
* Oberst Walter Oesau, 12 November 1943 - 11 May 1944
* Major Heinz Bar (acting), 12 May 1944 - 20 May 1944
* Oberst Herbert Ihlefeld, 20 May 1944 - 8 May 1945

Group Commanders (Gruppenkommandeure)

I./JG1

Originally JG1 was formed only as a single group I./JG1 under Woldenga. That group was re-designated as III./JG27. JG1 thus temporarily ceased to exist. It was reactivated 7 months later under Schumacher in November 1939. But a formal I./JG1 came to exist in September 1941.

* Major Bernhard Woldenga, 1 May 1939- February 1940
* Hauptmann Joachim Schlichting, 13 February 1940 - 5 July 1940
* Oberleutnant Erich Mix, September 1941 - August 1942
* Oberleutnant Paul Stolte, August 1942 - September 1942
* Hauptmann Gunther Beise, September 1942
* Major Fritz Losigkeit, 1 April 1943
* Hauptmann Rudolf-Emil Schnoor, 15 May 1943
* Hauptmann Hans Ehlers, 17 April 1944
* Hauptmann Georg Hackbarth, 28 December 1944 - 1 January 1945
* Major Gunther Capito, 3 January 1945
* Oberleutnant Emil Demuth, 15 January, 1945 - 12 April 1945
* Major Werner Zober, 1 May 1945 - 5 May 1945

II./JG1

* Hauptmann Hans von Hahn, 15 January 1942 - June 1942
* Oberleutnant Detlev Rohwer, 20 June 1942 - October 1942
* Major Herbert Kijewski, October 1942 - 16 April 1943
* Hauptmann Dietrich Wickop, 17 April 1943 - 6 May 1943
* Hauptmann Robert Olejnik, May 1943 - 28 June 1943
* Hauptmann Walter Hoeckner, 28 June 1943 - 31 January 1944
* Hauptmann Hermann Segatz, February 1944 - 8 March 1944
* Major Heinrich Bar, 15 March 1944 - 12 May 1944
* Oberleutnant Georg-Peter Eder, 13 May 1944 - June 1944
* Oberleutnant Rudiger Kirchmayr, June 1944 - July 1944
* Hauptmann Hermann Staiger, 1 August 1944 - January 1945
* Oberleutnant Fritz Wegner, December 1944 - 1 March 1945
* Hauptmann Paul-Heinrich Dahne, March 1945 - 24 April 1945
* Hauptmann Rahe, 1 May 1945 - 5 May 1945

III./JG1

In April 1943, III./JG1 was re-designated as I./JG11. A new group was added to JG1 as III./JG1 based on Operation squadrons of Fighter schools.

* Hauptmann Herbert Kijewski, 6 February 1942 - October 1942
* Hauptmann Rudolf-Emil Schnoor, October 1942 - November 1942
* Major Walter Spies, October 1942 - 31 March 1943
* Major Karl-Heinz Leesmann, 1 April 1943 - 25 July 1943
* Hauptmann Robert Olejnik, 26 July 1943 - 8 October 1943
* Hauptmann Friedrich Eberle, 9 October 1943 - 27 April 1944
* Major Hartmann Grasser, 27 April 1944 - 31 May 1944
* Hauptmann Karl-Heinz Weber, 3 June 1944 - 7 June 1944
* Hauptmann Alfred Grislawski, 7 June 1944 - June 1944
* Hauptmann Erich Woitke, June 1944 - August 1944
* Oberleutnant Erich Buchholz, July] 1944 - September 1944
* Hauptmann Heinz Knoke, 13 August 1944 - October 1944
* Hauptmann Erich Woitke, October 1944 - 24 December 1944
* Hauptmann Harald Moldenhauer, 25 December 1944 - 5 May 1945

IV./JG1

IV./JG1 was re-designated as I./JG1 in April 1943. Afterward there was no IV./JG1 added to JG1 and JG1 continued to exist as three group wing until its dissolution.

* Hauptmann Gunther Scholz, January 1942 - March 1942
* Hauptmann Fritz Losigkeit, March 1942 - 1 April 1943

Notes

Book References

* 'II.Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 1 (1942-1945)'. Retrieved on 2008-09-08.
* Caldwell, Donald; Richard Muller (2007). The Luftwaffe Over Germany: Defense of the Reich. MBI Publishing Company. p. 304. ISBN 1853677124.
* Dierich, Wolfgang (1976) (in German). Die Verbande der Luftwaffe 1935-1945. Stuttgart: Motorbuch.
* Foreman, John (1994). Over the Beaches: The Air War Over Normandy and Europe 1st-30th June 1944. Air Research. ISBN 1871187265.
* Franks, Norman (1998). Royal Air Force Losses of the Second World War. Volume 2. Operational Losses: Aircraft and crews 1942-1943. Midland Publishing Limited. ISBN 1-85780-075-3.
* Franks, Norman (1998). Royal Air Force Losses of the Second World War. Volume 3. Operationsl Losses: Aircraft and crews 1944-1945 (incorporating Air Defence Great Britain and 2nd TAF). Midland Publishing Limited. ISBN 1-85780-093-1.
* Goebel, Greg (1 November 2007). 'The Heinkel He-162 Volksjaeger'. Retrieved on 2008-10-01.
* Holm, Michael (1997-2003). 'Jagdgeschwader 1 'Oesau' Organization'. Retrieved on 2008-11-12.
* Manrho, John (2004). Bodenplatte: The Luftwaffe's Last Hope, The Attack on Allied Airfields New Year's Day 1945. Hikoki Publications. ISBN 1902109406.
* Messenger, Charles (1989). The Chronological Atlas of World War Two. Macmillan Publishers. ISBN 0025843915.
* Mombeek, Eric (2000-2007). 'Missing In Action JG1'. Retrieved on 2008-11-03.
* Mombeek, Eric (13 September 2003). Defenders of the Reich: Jagdgeschwder 1 Volume Three 1944-1945 (Defenders of the Reich). Classic Publications. ISBN 1903223032.
* Parker, Danny S. (1998). To Win The Winter Sky: The Air War Over the Ardennes, 1944-1945. Da Capo Press. ISBN 1580970060
* Price, Alfred (1991). The Last Year of the Luftwaffe, May 1944 to May 1945. Arms & Armour. p. 224. ISBN 1854091891.
* Reimer, Michael. 'Jagdgeschwader 1 Oesau'. Retrieved on 2008-09-12.
* Schuelke, John (October 1995). 'A Fighter Group in Normandy'. Luftwaffe Verband Journal 4 (October 1995).
* Shores, Christopher; Chris Thomas (2006). 2nd Tactical Air Force. Volume III: From the Rhine to Victory: January to May 1945. Classic Publications. p. 186. ISBN 1903223601.
* Stedman, Robert; Chappell, Mike (2002). Luftwaffe Air & Ground Crew 1939-45. Osprey Publishing. p. 48. ISBN 1841764043.
* Sundin, Claes; Christer Bergstrom (2002). More Luftwaffe Fighter Aircraft in Profile. Schiffer Publishing. p. 56. ISBN 0764315595.
* Weal, John (1996). Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Aces of the Western Front. Osprey Publishing. p. 96. ISBN 1855325950.
* Weal, John (1999). Bf-109 F/G/K Aces of the Western Front. Osprey Publishing. p. 96. ISBN 1855329050.
* Weal, John (2001). Jagdgeschwader 54 'Grunherz'. Osprey Publishing. p. 128. ISBN 1841762865.
* Weal, John (2003). Jagdgeschwader 27 'Afrika'. Osprey Publishing. p. 128. ISBN 1841765384.
* Weal, John (2006). Bf-109 Defence of the Reich Aces. Osprey Publishing. p. 96. ISBN 1841768790.
* Williamson, Gordon; Ramiro Bujeiro (2004). Knight's Cross and Oak-Leaves Recipients 1939-40: Knight's Cross and Oakleaves,1939-40. Osprey Publishing. p. 64. ISBN 1841766410.

Web References
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jagdgeschwader_1_(World_War_2)

Jagdgeschwader 1 'Oesau'

Geschwaderkommodoren:

* Obstlt Carl Schumacher, 30.11.39 - 5.1.42
* Maj Erich von Selle, 6.1.42 - 27.8.42
* Obstlt Dr Erich Mix, 8.42 - 31.3.43
* Obstlt Hans Philipp, 1.4.43 - 8.10.43
* Maj Hermann Graf, 10.43 - 10.11.43
* Oberst Walter Oesau, 12.11.43 - 11.5.44
* Maj Heinz Bar (acting), 12.5.44 - 20.5.44
* Oberst Herbert Ihlefeld, 20.5.44 - 8.5.45

Stab:

Formed 30.11.39 in Jever. Until 8.12.39 also known as Stab/JGNordwest.

Bases:

30.11.39 - 5.43 Jever Bf-109E/F/G, Fw 190A
5.43 - 24.2.44 Deelen Bf-109G, Fw 190A
24.2.44 - 5.4.44 Rheine Bf-109G, Fw 190A
5.4.44 - 6.6.44 Lippspringe Bf-109G, Fw 190A
6.6.44 - 28.8.44 St. Quentin-Clastres Bf-109G, Fw 190A
28.8.44 - 2.9.44 Cerfontaines Bf-109G, Fw 190A
2.9.44 - 17.12.44 Greifswald Bf-109G, Fw 190A
17.12.44 - 19.1.45 Twente Bf-109G, Fw 190A/D
19.1.45 - 26.1.45 Insterburg Bf-109G, Fw 190A/D
26.1.45 - 2.2.45 Neukuhren Bf-109G, Fw 190A/D
2.2.45 - 3.2.45 Danzig-Langfuhr Bf-109G, Fw 190A/D
3.2.45 - 8.4.45 Garz/Usedom Bf-109G, Fw 190A/D
8.4.45 - 30.4.45 Ludwigslust He 162A
30.4.45 - 8.5.45 Leck He 162A

I. Gruppe:

Gruppenkommandeure:

* Maj Bernhard Woldenga, 1.5.39 - 13.2.40
* Hptm Joachim Schlichting, 13.2.40 - 5.7.40
* Maj Dr. Erich Mix, 1.9.41 - 8.42
* Olt Paul Stolte, 8.42 - 9.42
* Hptm Gunther Beise, 9.42 - 31.3.43
* Maj Fritz Losigkeit, 1.4.43 - 5.43
* Hptm Rudolf-Emil Schnoor, 15.5.43 - 16.4.44
* Hptm Hans Ehlers, 17.4.44 - 27.12.44
* Hptm Georg Hackbarth, 28.12.44 - 1.1.45
* Maj Gunther Capito, 3.1.45 - 14.1.45
* Olt Emil Demuth, 15.1.45 - 12.4.45
* Maj Werner Zober, 1.5.45 - 5.5.45

Formed 1.5.39 in Jesau from I./JG130 with:

Stab I./JG1 from Stab I./JG130
1./JG1 from 1./JG130
2./JG1 from 2./JG130
3./JG1 from 3./JG130

On 5.7.40 redesignated III./JG27:

Stab I./JG1 became Stab III./JG27
1./JG1 became 7./JG27
2./JG1 became 8./JG27
3./JG1 became 9./JG27

Bases:

1.5.39 - 15.8.39 Jesau Bf-109D/E
15.8.39 - 5.9.39 Heiligenbeil* Bf-109E
4.9.39 - 5.9.39 Mlawa* Bf-109E
5.9.39 - 15.9.39 Lubeck-Blankensee Bf-109E
15.9.39 - 12.39 Vorden Bf-109E
12.39 - 1.40 Krefeld Bf-109E
1.40 - 16.5.40 Gymnich Bf-109E
16.5.40 - 22.5.40 Charleville Bf-109E
22.5.40 - 25.5.40 Guise-Nordost (Tupigny) Bf-109E
25.5.40 - 31.5.40 Monchy-Breton Bf-109E
31.5.40 - 6.6.40 Guise-Nordost (Tupigny) Bf-109E

Bases:

6.1.42 - 31.1.42 Vannes Bf-109E
31.1.42 - 12.2.42 Brest-Sud Bf-109E
12.2.42 - 2.42 Haamstede Bf-109E
2.42 - 21.3.42 Trondheim-Lade* Bf-109E
21.3.42 - 4.42 Werneuchen Bf-109E
4.42 - 27.4.42 Doberitz Bf-109E
27.4.42 - 11.5.42 Leeuwarden** Bf-109E/F
11.5.42 - 7.6.42 Bergen-op-Zoom*** Bf-109E/F, Fw 190A
7.6.42 - 11.2.43 Monchen-Gladbach Fw-190A
11.2.43 - 31.3.43 Deelen Fw-190A

* 12./JG1 remained at Trondheim-Lade until 26.6.42

** 11./JG1 at Dusseldorf, 27.4.42 - 11.5.42; 12./JG1 remained at Doberitz until 7.6.42, when it moved to Monchen-Gladbach.

*** 10./JG1 remained at Bergen-op-Zoom until 22.7.42, then Amsterdam-Schiphol (22.7.42 - 25.7.42) and Deelen (25.7.42 - 31.3.43)

11. Staffel:

Staffelkapitane:

* Lt Kurt Ibing, 11.43 - 12.43
* Maj Heinz Bar, 12.43 - 4.1.44

Formed 11.43 at Rheine as a Hohenstaffel with Bf-109G-5 fighters. Disbanded 4.1.44.

Base:

11.43 - 4.1.44 Rheine Bf-109G-5

20. Staffel:

Staffelkapitan:

* Hptm Robert Olejnik, 1.3.44 - 26.4.44

Formed 1.3.44 in Wittmund. On 26.4.44 redesignated 1./JG400.

Base:

1.3.44 - 26.4.44 Wittmund none

* Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen, Stab/JG1
* Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen, I./JG1
* Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen, II./JG1
* Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen, III./JG1
* Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen, IV./JG1

Web Reference:
http://www.ww2.dk/air/jagd/jg1.htm

'It was all a gamble...'

ALFRED GRISLAWSKI, JG52

There was no, better officer than Major Hubertus von Bonin. He was a fantastic pilot and a great commander, but he was a poor shot and although he therefore had great difficulty in bringing down enemy aircraft, I have nothing but praise for him. I had already won the Ritterkreuz, awarded on 1 July 1942, when von Bonin was recommended for his. I lent him my decoration and he wore it until his RK arrived at the end of 1942. He promoted me to Oberfeldwebel after I had shot down four Douglas Boston bombers.

On that occasion there were six bombers, escorted by about 20 to 25 fighters, which were attempting to bomb the bridge at, Mostok. My wingman, Edmund Rossmann, said he would keep the fighters busy while I went after the bombers. I dived after them, always keeping an eye open for Russian fighters behind me, but all was clear. I opened fire from a range of about 100 metres, aiming at the left engine of each of the four bombers. Each engine immediately burst into flames and the Russian crews baled out. When I reported the kills to von Bonin, he stated that I would receive a promotion if the kills could be confirmed. That evening the Flak commander at the bridge, who was a close friend of von Bonin, confirmed over the telephone that four bombers had indeed been shot down. Unfortunately, Major von Bonin was later killed in Russia.

During the battle of Stalingrad, Hermann Graf took half of the squadron there while I stayed on the Caucasus front. With about 20 aircraft we defended the area of Grosny on the Black Sea. We seldom had contact with other units as it was too dangerous to place too many aircraft on one airfield JG52 had the most kills because we were always assigned as a 'fire brigade' to all the 'hot spots' on the front-the Uman cauldron, Kharkov, Tuapse, Feodosia, the Crimea; in fact, wherever the Russians appeared in strength. Thus, we had plenty of opportunities to destroy Russian, aircraft and became obsessed, shooting them down and becoming very aggressive without fear of losses. Our first Ritterkreuz winner was Gerhard Koppen who was only an Obergefreiter but, when he demanded the respect that such a decoration deserved, was rapidly promoted to Leutnant. Upon returning from a mission in May 1942, he reported seeing a Russian fighter airfield and we held a briefing to attack it. The mission was carried out by between 30 and 40 aircraft, and the only one missing when we returned was flown by Koppen who made a belly landing in the Sea of Azov. The last flight searching for him saw a Russian rescue craft 5km away which was strafed and sunk, but other than that there was only a patch of oil on the water and no sign of Koppen.

Within 9./JG52, we pilots formed close friendships. This was necessary, for when one pilot was threatened by attack from three or four of the enemy, his comrades would immediately come to his assistance. Our slogan was to be aggressive.

On the ground; to avoid a direct bomb hit killing most of the unit, we did not concentrate all the pilots in one area but spread out and lived in two-man tents. I shared a tent with Leopold Stdllpatz, who was an excellent shot but often returned from a mission without his wingman. He received the Swords as a Feldwebel and was commissioned as an officer after his death in June 1942 in a ridiculous situation. The Russians had advanced and were, protected by, quadruple Flak, guns. When we flew over their forward lines at a height of several hundred metres they opened fire and it was very dangerous. Therefore, most of us took evasive action to avoid their fire, and although Steinbatz said they would never hit him, they did shoot him down. Rossmann flew to the area to look for him. The German infantry reported that a '109 had gone down at a particular time and place and, thus confirmed his demise.

In the air I felt like a bird, a crow. The aircraft was powerful and I always felt safe in the cockpit, just like crossing the street. I never crashed an aircraft unless it had sustained sever damage due to gunfire. If I received hits around the landing gear, I had to consider whether to extend the gear and risk overturning or whether to land on the belly and damage the propeller and oil cooler. However, it was all a gamble and although I twice landed an aircraft on its belly, it turned out that the landing gear was in working order, though I could not have known this at the time. It was a game of roulette.

'They had very good aircraft...'

ALFRED GRISLAWSKI, III./JG52

I was born on 2 November 1919 and from an early age I wanted either to join the Kriegsmarine or become a fighter pilot. When the time came, there were too many candidates for the Kriegsmarine and, with the hope that I could combine both childhood dreams, I was accepted by the Marine-Flieger. However, I was soon transferred to a bomber-unit and this was not at all to my liking as I wanted to be a fighter pilot and not a 'bus-driver' .After nearly two years in different schools and non-operational units, I finally transferred to III./JG52 near Calais. This unit had suffered heavy losses in the fighting against Britain and had to be withdrawn, first to Berlin-Doberitz and then on to Rumania.

At about this time the AIB schools were established, so I completed my training with one of these and received fighter training first at Stolp and then at the Erganszungsgruppe at Merseberg. The Erganszungsgruppe trained pilots on the type of aircraft we would fly in combat. Eventually, I was posted to III/JG52, so that after almost two years at different schools and non-operational units, I was finally on my way to joint a front-line fighter unit. I had travelled as far as Dusseldorf, however, when I received a telegram informing me to report instead to Berlin-Doberitz. The III./JG52 had suffered heavy losses during the fighting against Britain and was at Berlin-Doberitz recovering.

Once the Gruppe had been brought back to its established strength, it was transferred to Bucharest, in Rumania, where it was to protect the Ploesti oilfields. At the same time, we also trained Rumanian fighter pilots in the tactics employed in the Luftwaffe and, in recognition of this, I was presented on behalf of the King with the Rumanian pilots' badge.

When the Russian campaign began, things were quiet and we soon transferred to the southern part of the Eastern Front where III./JG52 was to become very successful. In the beginning, the Russians were easy opponents as their biplanes were obsolete and their pilots often appeared frightened when they saw a German fighter approaching. But soon, MiG, Yak and LaGG fighters flown by well-motivated pilots began to appear and things gradually became more and more dangerous for us. They had very good aircraft, lighter than ours and easier to handle.

At this time the Staffel was split into two parts so that as soon as one part landed the other took off and continued operations. After a mission, the fuel tanks were replenished, the guns rearmed and the aircraft made ready to take-off again as soon as possible. Meanwhile, the pilots were able to grab a quick bite to eat and were supposed to have a short rest. In fact, our tents were not suitable places in which to really relax, probably unlike our opponents who were based on real airfields. Nevertheless, at least until the winter came, the food was quite good.

I claimed my first victory, an I-16, on 1 September 1941. My second Abschuss, another I-16, was also the 50th for 9./JG52 and the 242nd for III./JG52. Here is the official report:

Victory over an I-16, 5 km N. of Charkow, 3 October, 1941, 17.02 Hours, Altitude: 1,500 m

On 3 October 1941, I flew as Rottenflieger to Lt. Graf on a low-level mission against an airfield north of Charkow, during which Lt. Graf was able to destroy two enemy aircraft on the ground. After the attack, we dived to 1,500 metres. North-west of Charkow, we spotted at an altitude of 2,000 metres a formation of about 20 Russian fighters of different types. I attacked the last, an I- 16, from the rear and after a burst of gunfire it emitted heavy black smoke and fell almost vertically to the ground where it crashed. I was not able to observe the precise point of impact as I was myself attacked by several Russian aircraft, but it was witnessed by Lt. Graf

Alfred Grislawski was born 2 November 1919 at Wanne-Eickel in Ruhrgebiet. On leaving school in July 1934, Grislawski was employed as a farm-worker in the Stolp region of Pomerania. After two years he applied to join the Navy to become a sailor but was rejected being offered service in Naval Aviation instead. Grislawski began his compulsory military training at Fliegerersatzabteilung 16 at Schleswig. By summer 1938, Gefreiter Grislawski was serving as a recruit trainer. Via flight training schools at Delmhorst, Salzwedel and Prenzlau, Grislawski underwent his fighter pilot training at Stolp. In early June 1940, Grislawski was posted to the Ergänzungsgruppe Merseburg. In July 1940, Grislawski was posted to III./JG52, based at Zerbst having recently been withdrawn from operations over the English Channel for rest and re-equipment. Gefreiter Grislawski was assigned to 7./JG52. Grislawski was transferred to 9./JG52 in early October 1940. He received promotion to the rank of Unteroffizier the same day. On 14 October, III./JG52 was ordered to Romania. III./JG52 was redesignated I./JG28 until 27 December. The unit was tasked with providing training for Romanian Air Force personnel. The German invasion of Russia saw Grislawski based at Pipera in Rumania.

In August, III./JG52 was ordered into front line service based at Biyala Tserkov in the Ukraine. Grislawski gained his first victory over the Eastern front on 1 September 1941, when, on a freie Jagd over Kremenchug, he shot down a Russian I-16 fighter. On 23 October, III./JG52 was ordered to relocate to Perekop in the Crimea. On the transfer flight Grislawski’s Bf109F-4 (W.Nr. 7038) “Yellow 8” suffered engine failure necessitating a belly-landing. He emerged unscathed from the incident. By the end of 1941, Grislawski had increased his victory total 11, gained operating over the Crimea. At the end of December, III./JG52 were ordered to relocate to the Kharkov area. In mid-January 1942, Grislawski was sent home on leave. He returned to front-line duties in late February. On 29 April, 9./JG52 were ordered back to the Crimea in support of the German offensive to retake the Kerch Peninsula. Grislawski recorded his 20th victory on 30 April, when he shot down a Russian I-15bis biplane fighter-bomber near Karpech. Feldwebel Grislawski was particularly successful in May 1942 recording 22 victories, including four victories on 1 May (21-24). On 1 July, Grislawski was awarded the Ritterkreuz for 43 victories. He was sent on an extended leave on 24 July. In late August 1942, newly promoted Oberfeldwebel Grislawski returned to the Eastern front and was assigned to 7./JG52, based in the Caucasus.

In September, he claimed 16 victories over the Terek bridgehead, including four Russian Boston twin-engine bombers shot down on 8 September (47-50). On 5 November, he shot down four Russian Il-2 Sturmovik ground-attack (63-68) but was himself shot down in Bf-109G-2 (W.Nr. 13909) carrying out a belly-landing from which he walked away with only a few bruises. Grislawski claimed a further four victories on 12 December (79-82). On 18 January 1943, Grislawski led a Rotte providing escort to a formation of Ju-87 Stuka dive-bombers against Russian tank forces in the Stavropolskaya area. The formation was intercepted by Russian I-16 fighters and in the subsequent combat, Grislawski’s Bf109 was hit, setting it on fire. He nursed his damaged aircraft back over German lines before baling out, sustaining burns to his face. On 26 January, Grislawski received promotion to the rank of Leutnant. He recorded his 92nd victory on 3 February 1943. On 11 February, Grislawski suffered engine failure in Bf109G-2 “White 13” on a test flight from Slavyanskaya, necessitating a forced landing. He was then sent on leave. Grislawski returned to 7./JG52, based in the northwestern Caucasus, in early April 1943. On 27 April 1943, he recorded his 100th victory. Grislawski claimed his 108th and 109th victories on 3 June 1943. However, the next day he was wounded in an explosion of a German land mine on a beach near Taman.

Oberleutnant Alfred Grislawski with his Bf109G-6 in September 1943. On 6 September 1943 he shot down a B-17 as his 112th victory. On his recovery, Grislawski was transferred to JGr Süd. On 15 August 1943, JGr Süd was redesignated JG50, under the command of Major Hermann Graf (212 victories, RK-Br), for the express purpose of intercepting high-flying British Mosquito photo-reconnaisance aircraft. During his time with the unit, Grislawski commanded 1./JG50, based at Wiesbaden-Erbenheim, and shot down his first two USAAF four-engine bombers on 17 August. In early October, Grislawski was promoted to the rank of Hauptmann and given tempoary command of JG50, when Graf was appointed acting Kommodore of JG1. On 6 November 1943, Grislawski was appointed Staffelkapitän of 1./JG1, based at Deelen in Holland, operating Fw 190 fighters. He was shot down in aerial combat with USAAF bombers over Baske on 24 January 1944. Wounded, he baled out of his stricken Fw190A-7 (W.Nr. 430167) “White 1”. Grislawski was appointed Staffelkapitän of 8./JG1, based at Paderborn, following his recovery from the wounds received in January, on 13 March 1944. The unit was tasked with combatting the USAAF fighter escorts operating the new Bf109G-6/AS especially equipped for high-altitude operations. Hauptmann Grislawski was awarded the Eichenlaub on 11 April for 122 victories. Granted leave, Grislawski was married on 20 May. On return from his leave, Grislawski led 8./JG1 to Beauvais- Tillé in France, to combat the Allied landings in Normandy. After less than a week the unit was relocated to Germany having suffered horrendous losses over and around the beachhead. In early July, Grislawski led the unit back to France.

On 18 July, he was appointed acting Gruppenkommandeur of III./JG1, when Hauptmann Erich Woitke (28 victories, killed in action 24 December 1944) was shot down and wounded. On 27 July, Grislawski led a freie Jagd over the Caen area. In combat with USAAF P-51 fighters, Grislawski was shot down by RAF Spitfire fighters, baling out but surviving with only a few bruises. At the end of July 1944, Grislawski was transferred as Staffelkapitän of II./JG53. He recorded two USAAF B-17 four-engine bombers shot down on 12 September (131-132). On 14 September, Grislawski led II./JG53 to Leeuwarden in Holland. On 26 September 1944, he participated in a mission from Paderborn to provide air cover for German troops near Eindhoven and Nijmegen. USAAF fighters intercepted the formation southwest of Münster. In the subsequent combat, Grislawski was credited with a USAAF P-38 twin-engine fighter shot down as his 133rd, and last, victory, although Grislawski refutes the claim! However, his Bf109G-14 (W.Nr. 462649) “Black 6” was then hit in the engine by a P-51 and caught fire. He baled out but did not deploy his parachute until he was at very low level. As a consequence he endured a very hard landing that cracked the second and third lower vertebrae in his back. He saw out the remainder of the war in a military hospital. The end of the war found Grislawski at Badgastein in the central Austrian Alps. He was imprisoned by US troops at Salzburg but was soon released and returned to his wife and family at Leuna. Grislawski was fortunate not to be imprisoned by the Russians as Leuna ended up in the Soviet zone of occupation. He was able to cross the zone border and return to his hometown of Wanne-Eickel. However, it would be 1946 before his wife and family joined him. Grislawski supported his family through various unskilled professions, mainly as a driver. He declined to join the Bundesluftwaffe because of his wartime injuries. Grislawski passed away on 19 September 2003.

Alfred Grislawski was credited with 133 victories in over 800 missions. He recorded 24 victories over the Western front, including 18 four–engine bombers. Of his 109 victories recorded over the Eastern front, 16 were Il-2 Sturmoviks.

No Date Time Enemy A/C Type Unit Location Comments
1 1.9.1941 18:15 I-16 9./JG52 30km NE Kremenchug  
2 3.10.1941 17:02 I-16 9./JG52 5km N Charkov  
3 5.10.1941 13:05 Yak-1 9./JG52 25km NE Krasnograd  
4 6.10.1941 7:55 Il-2 9./JG52 30km NW Kharkov  
5 14.10.1941 7:14 I-16 9./JG52 15km N Poltava  
6 14.10.1941 9:10 Il-2 9./JG52 10km NE Oposhchnaya Il-2 of 1 RAG, VVS
7 30.10.1941 9:35 I-153 9./JG52 20km N Simferopol  
8 6.12.1941 10:55 I-16 9./JG52 12km W Krepkaya  
9 6.12.1941 14:26 I-16 9./JG52 10km W Azov  
10 8.12.1941 9:46 I-5 9./JG52 20km E Taganrog  
11 8.12.1941 9:54 I-16 9./JG52 20km E Krepkaya  
12 4.1.1942 14:15 R-10 9./JG52 10km S Kotshetovka  
13 8.3.1942 11:18 Yak-1 9./JG52 7km SW Savinziy  
14 15.3.1942 16:35 Yak-1 9./JG52 Katovka area  
15 17.3.1942 8:25 R-5 9./JG52 S Staryy Saltov  
16 26.3.1942 15:53 MiG-3 9./JG52 18km SSE Starry Saltov  
17 27.3.1942 8:00 Pe-2 9./JG52 Kharkov sector  
18 29.4.1942 12:45 MiG-3 9./JG52 Kerch Peninsula Yak-1 of 247 IAP, VVS
19 30.4.1942 14:15 I-15bis 9./JG52 10km NE Feodosiya I-15bis of 214 ShAP, VVS
20 30.4.1942 14:20 I-15bis 9./JG52 5km S Karpech I-15bis of 214 ShAP, VVS
21 1.5.1942 4:45 Seaplane 9./JG52 10km S Sidsheut  
22 1.5.1942 4:55 Yak-1 9./JG52 NW Arabat Yak-1 of 247 IAP, VVS
23 1.5.1942 5:03 Yak-1 9./JG52 Ak-Monay area Yak-1 of 247 IAP, VVS
24 1.5.1942 8:09 I-15bis 9./JG52 Sal area I-15bis of 214 ShAP, VVS
25 9.5.1942 12:28 I-15bis 9./JG52 10km E Sidsheut I-15bis of 214 ShAP, VVS
26 9.5.1942 12:33 MiG-3 9./JG52 10km NE Sarylar  
27 14.5.1942 16:45 MiG-3 9./JG52 Kotomlya area  
28 14.5.1942 16:50 MiG-3 9./JG52 Kotovka area  
29 15.5.1942 5:17 MiG-3 9./JG52 SE Staryy Saltov MiG-3 of 23 IAP or 181 IAP, VVS
30 15.5.1942 16:05 Su-2 9./JG52 Staryy Saltov Su-2 of 13 GBAP or 135 BBAP, VVS
31 18.5.1942 10:30 MiG-3 9./JG52 5km N Staryy Saltov LaGG-3 of 23 IAP, VVS
32 18.5.1942 13:05 MiG-3 9./JG52 Liptsy area LaGG-3 of 23 IAP, VVS
33 18.5.1942 18:23 Su-2 9./JG52 10km W Staryy Saltov Su-2 of 13 GBAP or 135 BBAP, VVS
34 20.5.1942 16:47 LaGG-3 9./JG52 15km W Petrovskaya  
35 22.5.1942 14:30 MiG-1 9./JG52 10km S Balakleya Possibly LaGG-3 of 181 IAP, VVS
36 22.5.1942 14:36 MiG-1 9./JG52 5km NW Balakleya Possibly LaGG-3 of 181 IAP, VVS
37 24.5.1942 17:00 R-10 9./JG52 25km E Slavyansk Su-2 of 13 GBAP or 135 BBAP, VVS
38 25.5.1942 19:03 Su-2 9./JG52 NE Petrovskaya Su-2 of 13 GBAP or 135 BBAP, VVS
39 26.5.1942 16:09 Pe-2 9./JG52 W Savintsy Pe-2 of 8 GBAP, VVS
40 27.5.1942 11:30 MiG-1 9./JG52 5km N Izyum  
41 27.5.1942 11:33 MiG-1 9./JG52 3km N Izyum  
42 28.5.1942 14:15 LaGG-3 9./JG52 15km NE Izyum LaGG-3 of 170 IAP, VVS
43 4.9.1942 11:29 I-16 9./JG52 44 482 I-16 of 88 IAP, VVS
44 4.9.1942 18:25 Boston 9./JG52 44 442 Boston of 219 BAD, VVS
45 6.9.1942 13:35 Boston 9./JG52 44 414 Boston of 219 BAD, VVS
46 6.9.1942 13:37 Yak-1 9./JG52 44 440 LaGG-3 of 219 BAD, VVS
47 8.9.1942 13:55 Boston 9./JG52 44 471 Boston of 244 BAP, VVS
48 8.9.1942 13:56 Boston 9./JG52 44 243 Boston of 244 BAP, VVS
49 8.9.1942 13:57 Boston 9./JG52 44 283 Boston of 244 BAP, VVS
50 8.9.1942 13:57 Boston 9./JG52 44 283 Boston of 244 BAP, VVS
51 9.9.1942 14:00 MiG-1 9./JG52 44 481  
52 9.9.1942 14:44 LaGG-3 9./JG52 44 450  
53 13.9.1942 13:05 LaGG-3 9./JG52 44 531  
54 14.9.1942 10:35 Su-2 9./JG52 44 531 R-10 of 288 BBAP, VVS
55 14.9.1942 14:25 I-16 9./JG52 44 582 I-16 of 40 IAP, VVS
56 16.9.1942 6:15 LaGG-3 9./JG52 44 363  
57 17.9.1942 14:27 I-16 9./JG52 54 324  
58 17.9.1942 14:28 Su-2 9./JG52 54 344 Su-2 of 288 BBAP, VVS
59 4.10.1942 14:35 Boston 7./JG52 34 283 Boston of 219 BAD, VVS
60 15.10.1942 12:50 Il-2 7./JG52 44 434 Il-2 of 805 ShAP, VVS
61 2.11.1942 11:40 I-16 7./JG52 44 842 I-16 of 88 IAP, VVS
62 2.11.1942 11:38 I-153 7./JG52 44 814 I-153 of 84 IAP, VVS
63 5.11.1942 12:00 Il-2 7./JG52 44 754 Il-2 of 7 GShAP, VVS
64 5.11.1942 12:04 Il-2 7./JG52 44 872 Il-2 of 7 GShAP, VVS
65 5.11.1942 8:25 Il-2 7./JG52 44 792 Il-2 of 7 GShAP, VVS
66 5.11.1942 8:27 Il-2 7./JG52 44 861 Il-2 of 7 GShAP, VVS
67 7.11.1942 11:10 Il-2 7./JG52 44 874 Il-2 of 7 GShAP, 210 ShAP or 805 ShAP, VVS
68 24.11.1942 11:55 LaGG-3 7./JG52 43 131  
69 27.11.1942 11:20 Il-2 7./JG52 44 733 Il-2 of 7 GShAP, VVS
70 27.11.1942 11:24 Il-2 7./JG52 44 765 Il-2 of 7 GShAP, VVS
71 29.11.1942 6:50 Pe-2 7./JG52 35 783 Pe-2 of 366 BAP, VVS
72 5.12.1942 10:29 I-16 7./JG52 44 721  
73 5.12.1942 13:10 Boston 7./JG52 44 792  
74 5.12.1942 13:39 Boston 7./JG52 44 763  
75 8.12.1942 9:25 MiG-1 7./JG52 34 694  
76 10.12.1942 12:00 Il-2 7./JG52 44 282 Il-2 of 7 GShAP, VVS
77 10.12.1942 12:02 Il-2 7./JG52 44 293 Il-2 of 7 GShAP, VVS
78 10.12.1942 12:04 Il-2 7./JG52 44 434 Il-2 of 7 GShAP, VVS
79 12.12.1942 9:00 MiG-1 7./JG52 44 264  
80 12.12.1942 11:22 MiG-1 7./JG52 44 291  
81 12.12.1942 11:25 MiG-1 7./JG52 54 171  
82 12.12.1942 11:40 I-16 7./JG52 54 313  
83 13.12.1942 10:53 LaGG-3 7./JG52 54 171  
84 14.12.1942 11:42 Yak-1 7./JG52 44 293  
85 8.1.1943 6:35 LaGG-3 7./JG52 35 714 LaGG-3 of 131 IAP, VVS
86 8.1.1943 6:40 LaGG-3 7./JG52 35 734 LaGG-3 of 131 IAP, VVS
87 9.1.1943 9:20 I-16 7./JG52 34 161 I-16 of 975 IAP, VVS
88 9.1.1943 13:35 Il-2 7./JG52 35 721 Il-2 of 230 ShAD
89 16.1.1943 10:15 I-153 7./JG52 85 182 I-153 of 611 IAP, 975 IAP or 977 IAP, VVS
90 18.1.1943 6:30 I-16 7./JG52 85 282  
91 18.1.1943 6:35 I-16 7./JG52 5 282  
92 3.2.1943 13:55 Boston 7./JG52 6 313 Boston of 219 BAD, VVS
93 4.2.1943 7:23 MiG-1 7./JG52 75 481  
94 10.2.1943 6:45 Pe-2 7./JG52 85 152 Pe-2 of 366 ODRAP, VVS
95 19.4.1943 11:10 LaGG-3 7./JG52 85 343  
96 20.4.1943 16:05 LaGG-3 7./JG52 75 422  
97 21.4.1943 5:55 LaGG 7./JG52 75 433 La-5 of 229 IAD, VVS
98 23.4.1943 17:05 LaGG 7./JG52 75 451  
99 23.4.1943 17:12 LaGG 7./JG52 75 424  
100 27.4.1943 10:50 LaGG 7./JG52 85 268  
101 3.5.1943 15:25 Il-2 7./JG52 75 262 Il-2 of 230 ShAD or 2 SAK, VVS
102 6.5.1943 14:35 LaGG 7./JG52 75 261  
103 14.5.1943 11:17 DB-3a 7./JG52 45 850 Il-4 of 5 GMTAP, VVS
104 28.5.1943 6:25 LaGG 7./JG52 76 864 LaGG-3 of 229 IAD, VVS
105 28.5.1943 12:12 LaGG 7./JG52 76 842 LaGG-3 of 229 IAD, VVS
106 29.5.1943 11:20 LaGG 7./JG52 75 232 LaGG-3 of 229 IAD, VVS
107 31.5.1943 9:53 Il-2 7./JG52 75 234 Il-2 of 230 ShAD, VVS
108 3.6.1943 8:55 LaGG-5 7./JG52 85 112  
109 3.6.1943 11:02 LaGG-5 7./JG52 76 861  
110 17.8.1943 11:30 B-17 1./JGr Sud Mannheim  
111 17.8.1943 15:30 B-17 1./JGr Sud 5km SW Rheinbollen  
112 6.9.1943 10:40 B-17 Stab/JG50 SE Stuttgart  
113 14.10.1943 14:38 B-17 Stab/JG50 S Schweinfurt  
114 29.11.1943 14:45 B-17 1./JG1 Bassum-Syke area  
115 1.12.1943 11:45 B-17 1./JG1 SE Aachen  
116 1.12.1943 11:46 B-17 1./JG1 Neuwied  
117 16.12.1943 14:04 B-17 1./JG1 off De Koog  
  16.12.1943 14:37 B-17 1./JG1 SW Julianadorp Not confirmed?
118 20.12.1943 11:50 B-17 1./JG1 Brake-Beverstedt area  
119 22.12.1943 14:45 B-17 1./JG1 N Enschede  
120 11.1.1944 11:08 B-17 1./JG1    
121 24.1.1944 11:40 B-17 1./JG1 Aachen-Brussels  
122 9.4.1944 15:40 B-17 8./JG1 Schleswig area  
123 9.4.1944 15:40 B-17 8./JG1 Schleswig area  
124 13.4.1944 15:50~ B-24 8./JG1    
125 22.4.1944 18:20~ P-51 8./JG1 Kassel-Nordenbeck  
126 13.7.1944 18:15 Typhoon 8./JG1 Carpiquet Typhoon "OV-A" of 197 Sqn, RAF flown by F/O Trott, POW
127 14.7.1944 19:17 P-51 8./JG1 Falaise area  
128 19.7.1944 20:32 Typhoon 8./JG1 Caen  
129 12.8.1944 14:15 Spitfire 8./JG1 Perche Spitfire of 340 Sqn, RAF flown Lt P Leplang, killed
130 8.9.1944   E/a 11./JG53    
131 12.9.1944 11:05 B-17 11./JG53 Templin-Berlin  
132 12.9.1944 11:10 B-17 11./JG53 Templin-Berlin  
133 26.9.1944 16:54 P-38 11./JG53 S Dulmen  

Victories : 133
Awards : Ehrenpokal (30 May 1942)
Ritterkreuz (1 July 1942)
Eichenlaub (11 April 1944)
Units : JG52, JGrSüd, JG50, JG1, JG53

http://www.luftwaffe.cz/grislawski.html

Alfred Grislawski, Graf and Karaya Staffel.
Written by Christer Bergström.
Picture above shows Hermann Graf (left) and Alfred Grislawski.

In September 1942, Hermann Graf ruled the skies above Stalingrad. In a month's time, he shot down sixty-two Soviet aircraft, and became the first fighter pilot to reach the 200-victory mark. By that time, he had achieved his first victory only thirteen months previously.

Alfred Grislawski, Graf's wingman and friend, was one of the most successful German fighter pilot during the air war over the Caucasus and during the Air Battle over Kuban in 1943. Grislawski achieved a total of 132 victories (not 133, as stated in most publications), and was awarded with the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves.

It was during his stay in the Caucasus in the fall of 1942 that Grislawski taught the forthcoming top scorer Erich Hartmann the secrets of air combat. Grislawski was a hard teacher, and he invented Hartmann's nickname 'Bubi' ('Little Boy').

Alfred Grislawski, the tough son of a miner, never dreamt of becoming a pilot. He only escaped hard work on the countryside by joining the Armed Forces, and there he was posted to the Luftwaffe.
Hermann Graf's and Alfred Grislawski's 9. 'Karayastaffel'/JG52 developed into the most successful Jagdstaffel of the entire war. At the same time, the 'Karaya-men' were notorious for their lacking discipline. In his foreword to the biography, Alfred Grislawski writes:

'In 1941 - 1943, the Karayastaffel was probably the most non-militaristic unit in the entire Wehrmacht.'
The Karayastaffel was characterized by the friends' quartet Hermann Graf, Alfred Grislawski, Heinrich Füllgrabe, and Ernst Süss. Within this quarter, Graf and Grislawski stuck together closest, while Füllgrabe and Süss were inseparable. 'They even went together to the 'Thunderbeam' (latrine),' Alfred Grislawski recalls.

The Karaya-mens' pranks alone could fill a volume. Once they drove a staff General completely out of his mind when he arrived to inspect their first-line makeshift airfield. On one occasion, one of the men in the quarter hi-jacked Generaloberst von Richthofen's Storch to fly an injured comrade to a field hospital.

A Reichsverteidigung Geschwaderkommodore threatened to have Grislawski court-martialled. When a large formation of U.S. bombers shortly afterward approached, a fighter leader decided to nullify the court-martial: 'Grislawski must lead our fighters! Who else can lead?'

Alfred Grislawski developed into one of the most daring 'Four-Engine Killers' of the Reichsverteidigung. In fact, he shot down at least one bomber on every single encounter with U.S. 8th Air Force's heavy bombers.

Only two of the 'Karaya Quartet' survived. Ernst Süss was shot dead by U.S. Mustangs (the unit in question is known) while he hung in his parachute straps. Heinrich Füllgrabe was killed in action on the Eastern Front during the last days of the war.

After the war, Grislawski became one of the first German POWs to become released, because his interrogation officer found out that Grislawski had never joined the Hitler Jugend, nor the NSDAP. (For this reason, Grislawski also had never been awarded with Göring's Goblet of Honor.)

The biography on Hermann Graf and Alfred Grislawski is due to be published in 2002. It has been written in close cooperation with Alfred Grislawski. It will contain about 250 photos, most of which have never previously been published, plus many color profiles of the aircraft flown by Graf and Grislawski.

The following is an excerpt from the manuscript of the 'double biography' on the two JG52 aces and friends Hermann Graf and Alfred Grislawski.

'When Alfred Grislawski returned to his unit in early April 1943, it again was based in northwestern Caucasus - where German Army Group A had dug in to hold its positions in the so - called 'Kuban bridgehead.' The 7. Staffel had received a new Staffelkapitän, Oberleutnant Walter Krupinski, an absolutely reckless fighter pilot who nevertheless took great care in his subordinates.

Grislawski immediately was briefed of the situation. III./JG52 had recently been shifted to Taman Airdrome from Nikolayev in the Ukraine, where it had been re-equipped after its heavy losses in equipment during the retreat from the Terek sector down south in the Caucasus. II./JG52, based at Anapa, had held the positions in the air over the Kuban bridgehead since February 1943; its pilots had shot down a large number of Soviet aircraft, but it also had cost the Gruppe severe losses.

One of the II. Gruppe's pilots, Leutnant Helmut Lipfert, later recalled: 'Things did not go well for II Gruppe at Anapa. There were few contacts with the enemy but many losses. And it was not just the beginners and young pilots who failed to return, but some of the old hands as well.' It was obvious that the Soviets were gaining in on the German fighter pilots' initial advantage in air combat.

Grislawski knew that the first period at the frontline after a home leave was hazardous-that he had become slightly 'rusty' - and he decided not to take any risks. He was very cautious during his first combat sorties after his return from his home leave. Most missions were free hunting or Stuka escort against the Soviet bridgehead at Myshako, behind the German main line west of Novorossiysk on the Kuban Bridgehead's southern coast. Although the Germans had concentrated a powerful air corps in the Kuban Bridgehead, achieving a numerical superiority, they were unable to assume control of the air as during the previous years.

The first encounters with Soviet pilots after his return from home leave convinced Grislawski that what he had been told by Krupinski was right, that the air fighting on the Eastern Front had grown more dangerous than ever.

On April 17, 1943 the Germans made a powerful attempt to neutralize the Soviet bridgehead at Myshako, Operation Neptun. The attack was preceded by a massive operations by 450 Stukas, bombers and ground-attack planes against the Soviet landing grounds. Throughout the day, German Fliegerkorps I carried out 1,560 sorties over the Kuban Bridgehead, mainly against Myshako. The Soviets, who by this time were inferior in numbers, could only mount 538 sorties that day. Nevertheless, the concentration of antiaircraft batteries that the Soviets had shipped in to Myshako since February 1943 met the assaulting German aircraft with a wall of steel and fire. Seven Stukas were shot down or returned to base with severe damage.

Two days later, Grislawski brought down his first Soviet aircraft - number ninety-five in total - since his return from home leave. On April 20, the men of JG52 found some reason to celebrate, as 8./JG52's famous Staffelkapitän, Oberleutnant Günther Rall, brought home his personal 116th and the Jagdgeschwader's five thousandth victory.

But although the most experienced fighter pilots continued to achieve impressing victory scores-II./JG52's Leutnant Heinrich Sturm was credited with five kills on April 20-the air fighting grew more and more difficult each day. The Soviets were bringing in a steady flow of new aviation units, and they started to achieve a numerical superiority in the air. It also was evident that the Red Air Force had concentrated some of its most skillful airmen to this sector.

In the evening of April 20, Grislawski was hanging around in the Staffel's command post. He had just written down the combat report of his ninety-sixth victory, which had been achieved against a LaGG-3 after a prolonged and most difficult air combat near Myshako. The telehone rang. An Unteroffizier replied, and then turned to Grislawski:
'Sir, it's for you.'
Grislawski stood up and grabbed the receiver. He heard a voice in the other end of the line:
'This is Kabisch.'
Somewhat perplex, Grislawski replied impatiently:
'So? And what can I do for you?'
'This is Kabisch - Helmut Kabisch!'
Grislawski froze. Helmut Kabisch! He couldn't believe it. He swallowed, and then he asked in a weak voice:
'Schleswig?'
'Yes, Schleswig!' the other one replied.
Helmut Kabisch was Grislawski's old friend from the recruit training in Schleswig, back in the late 1930s. How could he be phoning Grislawski out there in Russia?
'Man, Kabisch, where are you calling from?'
Helmut Kabisch replied with a confident tone:
'Well, from the first Gruppe. I've been posted here!'
Grislawski immediately felt that this was not good at all.
'Helmut, I'll come over to you immediately!' he said and hung up.
I./JG52 was stationed at the other end of Taman Airdrome. Grislawski grabbed a bicycle and rapidly made it to the first Gruppe's command post, located in a bus. He found his old friend Kabisch waiting for him outside. They hugged, and it felt as if the past four years were gone. Grislawski felt tears in his eyes, but not tears of joy.
'Man, Kabisch!' he gasped. 'Why have you come here?'
Kabisch just shrugged his shoulders. 'You know-war... I volunteered for pilot training, just like you...'
'But that's different!' Grislawski exclaimed with discontent.
Kabisch looked hurt.
'What do you mean? I'm a Feldwebel now, and...'
'That doesn't matter!' Grislawski interrupted him. 'How many sorties have you made?'
'About twenty-five.'
Grislawski shook his head.
'Helmut,' he almost whispered. 'You stand with one foot in the grave. This is no game, and things are no longer what they used to be here in Russia.'
'Oh, come on, Alfred!' Kabisch patted Grislawski's back: 'I just got my seventh...'
Feldwebel Helmut Kabisch, the old recruit trainer who had become a fighter pilot, was immensely proud of his seven first victories. The last one had been achieved against a LaGG-3 at 1620 hours on April 20, 1943.

But his rash attitude only increased Grislawski's preoccupation. 'These damned greenhorns,' Grislawski thought. 'And now Kabisch too!'

'Look, Helmut!' Grislawski yelled. 'Forget about all that rubbish with easy victories! You have to be damned cautious!'

Then he pulled Kabisch, who looked both disappointed and surprised, aside. When he was sure that no one was listening, he said: 'I have a suggestion, and I hope you will follow it. This is no place for a beginner! But I've got some connections. I can contact Hermann Graf, and he will use his influence to have you transferred to my gang. There I will be able to watch over you! You have to get at least fifty combat sorties before you've got any chance at all!' But Kabisch wasn't intrigued at all by his old friend's suggestion. 'Come on, Alfred,' he said and sighed. 'I don't need any babysitter. And besides of that, I've been with the second Staffel for a couple of weeks, and they all are swell guys.' With a feeling of hopelessness, Grislawski made another try: 'Helmut, those swell guys will all be gone in fourteen days, or you will be gone! You might just as well go pick a suitable coffin right now. I guarantee that only under my wings will you be able to survive fifty sorties!' But Kabisch's pride would not allow him to accept the proposal. Grislawski felt deeply sad when he returned to his biletting.

April 21, 1943 was filled with heavy air fighting over Myshako. It was evident that Operation Neptun was a failure. Shortly before six in the morning, 7./JG52 tangled with a formation of the new Soviet La-5 fighters. Grislawski managed to single out one and sent it plummeting to the ground as his ninety-seventh victory.

Soviet fighter pilot Vadim Fadeyev achieved 21 personal victories before he was shot down and killed by a Bf-109 on May 5, 1943.

On the Soviet side, the Lend-Lease Airacobra fighter planes of 16 GIAP (former 55 IAP, which had been adopted a Guards unit) and 45 IAP were in the forefront during the air combats throughout the day. These unit was two of III./JG52's old enemies, since the battles over the Mius Front in late 1941, the Kerch Peninsula in May 1942, and the war in southern Caucasus during the previous fall. By now, both units had developed into two of the most experienced VVS regiments. The two most famous 45 IAP aces were the two Glinka brothers, Boris and Dmitriy. The latter, a Starshiy Leytenant, had been shot down by 7./JG52's Jupp Zwernemann on April 15, 1943. But Dmitriy Glinka soon was back in action again. He had already been recommended to be appointed a Hero of the Soviet Union, and on April 21, he bagged his twenty-first German aircraft. 16 GIAP, mustering the later so well-known Kapitan Aleksandr Pokryshkin, Grigoriy Rechkalov, and Starshiy Leytenant Vadim Fadeyev in its ranks, chalked up fifty-seven victories in the Kuban skies between April 9 and 20, 1943.

On April 21, 2./JG52's Feldwebel Helmut Kabisch barely survived a hail of bullets from a Soviet fighter during an air combat north of Kabardinka. It is possible that he fell victim of 16 GIAP's Vadim Fadeyev, who claimed a Bf-109 3 - 4 km north of Kabardinka. Grislawski received information that Kabisch had been sent to hospital with severe wounds...
After his recovery, Feldwebel Kabisch returned to 2./JG52 on the Eastern Front. Grislawski's dismal prophecy would come true. On September 1, 1943 a Soviet Il-2's rear gunner put an end to Helmut Kabisch's life...'
More text & photos, details about the book you can discover on authors page:
http://www.graf-grislawski.elknet.pl/

Asisbiz database list of 91 aerial victories out of 133 for Alfred Grislawski

Date Pilot Name Unit Enemy A/C Type Height Time Location
04-Sep-42 Alfred Grislawski 9./JG52 I-16 Rata 1000m 11.29 44 482
05-Sep-42 Alfred Grislawski 9./JG52 DB-7 1500m 18.25 44 442
06-Sep-42 Alfred Grislawski 9./JG52 A-20 Boston 3000m 13.35 44 414
06-Sep-42 Alfred Grislawski 9./JG52 Yak-1 2800m 13.37 44 440
08-Sep-42 Alfred Grislawski 9./JG52 A-20 Boston 2500m 13.55 44 471
08-Sep-42 Alfred Grislawski 9./JG52 A-20 Boston 2500m 13.56 44 243
08-Sep-42 Alfred Grislawski 9./JG52 A-20 Boston 2500m 13.57 44 283
08-Sep-42 Alfred Grislawski 9./JG52 A-20 Boston 2500m 13.57 44 283
09-Sep-42 Alfred Grislawski 9./JG52 LaGG-3 1500m 14.44 44 450
09-Sep-42 Alfred Grislawski 9./JG52 MiG-1 1500m 14.00 44 481
13-Sep-42 Alfred Grislawski 9./JG52 LaGG-3 500m 13.05 44 531
14-Sep-42 Alfred Grislawski 9./JG52 I-16 Rata 500m 14.25 44 582
14-Sep-42 Alfred Grislawski 9./JG52 Su-2 2000m 10.35 44 531
16-Sep-42 Alfred Grislawski 9./JG52 LaGG-3 2000m 06.15 44 363
17-Sep-42 Alfred Grislawski 9./JG52 I-16 Rata 2500m 14.27 54 324
17-Sep-42 Alfred Grislawski 9./JG52 Su-2 3500m 14.28 54 344
04-Oct-42 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 A-20 Boston 4000m 14.35 34 283
15-Oct-42 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik Low Level 12.50 44 434
02-Nov-42 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 I-153 Low Level 11.38 44 814
02-Nov-42 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 I-16 Rata 300m 11.40 44 842
05-Nov-42 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik 200m 12.00 44 754
05-Nov-42 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik 200m 12.04 44 872
05-Nov-42 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik Low Level 08.27 44 861
05-Nov-42 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik 300m 08.25 44 792
07-Nov-42 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik Low Level 11.10 44 874
24-Nov-42 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 LaGG-3 2000m 11.55 43 131
27-Nov-42 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik Low Level 11.24 44 765
27-Nov-42 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik Low Level 11.20 44 733
29-Nov-42 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 Pe-2 6200m 06.50 35 783
05-Dec-42 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik 200m 13.39 44 763
05-Dec-42 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 I-16 Rata 500m 10.29 44 721
05-Dec-42 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 A-20 Boston III 1500m 13.10 44 792
08-Dec-42 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 MiG-1 00m 09.25 34 694
10-Dec-42 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik 200m 12.02 44 293
10-Dec-42 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik 200m 12.00 44 282
10-Dec-42 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik 200m 12.04 44 434
12-Dec-42 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 MiG-1 250m 09.00 44 264
12-Dec-42 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 MiG-1 800m 11.22 44 291
12-Dec-42 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 MiG-1 Low Level 11.25 54 171
12-Dec-42 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 I-16 Rata 800m 11.40 54 313
13-Dec-42 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 LaGG-3 2500m 10.53 54 171
14-Dec-42 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 Yak-1 2500m 11.42 44 293
08-Jan-43 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 LaGG-3 2000m 06.35 35 714
08-Jan-43 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 LaGG-3 2000m 06.40 35 734
09-Jan-43 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik 1500m 13.35 35 721
09-Jan-43 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 I-16 Rata 500m 09.20 34 161
16-Jan-43 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 I-153 300m 10.15 85 182
18-Jan-43 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 I-16 Rata 1200m 09.30 85 282
18-Jan-43 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 I-16 Rata 400m 09.35 05 282
03-Feb-43 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 A-20 Boston III 1500m 13.55 06 313
04-Feb-43 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 MiG-1 3000m 07.23 75 481
10-Feb-43 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 Pe-2 4000m 06.45 85 152
19-Apr-43 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 LaGG-3 3000m 11.10 85 343
20-Apr-43 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 LaGG-3 4000m 16.05 75 422
21-Apr-43 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 LaGG 900m 05.55 75 433
23-Apr-43 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 LaGG 4000m 17.05 75 451
23-Apr-43 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 LaGG 2000m 17.12 75 424
27-Apr-43 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 LaGG   10.50 85 268
03-May-43 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik m.H. 150m 15.25 75 262
06-May-43 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 LaGG 1000m 14.35 75 261
14-May-43 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 DB-3A 2000m 11.17 45 850
28-May-43 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 LaGG 3000m 06.25 76 864
28-May-43 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 LaGG Low Level 12.12 76 842
29-May-43 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 LaGG 400m 11.20 75 232
31-May-43 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 Il-2 Sturmovik m.H. Low Level 09.53 75 234
03-Jun-43 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 LaGG-5 2000m 11.02 76 861
03-Jun-43 Alfred Grislawski 7./JG52 LaGG-5 5500m 08.55 85 112
17-Aug-43 Alfred Grislawski 1./JGr.Sud B-17 Fortress 5500m 15.30 5km SW Rheinbollen
17-Aug-43 Alfred Grislawski 1./JGr.Sud B-17 Fortress 5500m 11.30 Mannheim
06-Sep-43 Alfred Grislawski 1./JGr.50 B-17 Fortress 7000m 10.40 SE Stuttgart
14-Oct-43 Alfred Grislawski 1./JGr.50 B-17 Fortress 6000m 14.38 S Schweinfurt
29-Nov-43 Alfred Grislawski 1./JG1 B-17 Fortress 8000m 14.45 05 Ost S/(Bassum-Syke area)
01-Dec-43 Alfred Grislawski 1./JG1 B-17 Fortress 8000m 11.45 PP 3 (Neuwied)
01-Dec-43 Alfred Grislawski 1./JG1 B-17 Fortress 8000m 11.45 ON 2-3 (SE Aachen)
16-Dec-43 Alfred Grislawski 1./JG1 B-17 Fortress 7000m 14.37 EK 2 in See (SW Julianadorp)
16-Dec-43 Alfred Grislawski 1./JG1 B-17 Fortress 7000m 14.04 DK 5 (off De Koog Texel)
20-Dec-43 Alfred Grislawski 1./JG1 B-17 Fortress 8000m 11.50 CS (Brake-Beverstedt area)
22-Dec-43 Alfred Grislawski 1./JG1 B-17 Fortress 8300m 14.45 GO-8 (N Enschede)
11-Jan-44 Alfred Grislawski 1./JG1 B-17 Fortress   11.08  
24-Jan-44 Alfred Grislawski 1./JG1 B-17 Fortress   11.40  
09-Apr-44 Alfred Grislawski 8./JG1 B-17 Fortress      
09-Apr-44 Alfred Grislawski 8./JG1 B-17 Fortress      
13-Apr-44 Alfred Grislawski 8./JG1 B-24 Liberator      
22-Apr-44 Alfred Grislawski 8./JG1 P-51 Mustang      
13-Jul-44 Alfred Grislawski 8./JG1 Typhoon 6-800m 18.15 UU-1/TU-7 (Caen/Carpiquet)
14-Jul-44 Alfred Grislawski 8./JG1 P-51 Mustang 400m 19.17 AU (Raum Falaise)
19-Jul-44 Alfred Grislawski 8./JG1 Typhoon 300m 20.32 15 West S/UU-12 (Raum Caen)
12-Aug-44 Alfred Grislawski 11./JG1 Spitfire 1800m 14.15 BB-9 to CB 3 (Perche)
12-Sep-44 Alfred Grislawski 11./JG53 B-17 Fortress 8000m 11.05 DG-EG-34/33 (Templin-Berlin)
12-Sep-44 Alfred Grislawski 11./JG53 B-17 Fortress 8000m 11.10 DG-EG-34/33 (Templin-Berlin)
26-Sep-44 Alfred Grislawski Stab III./JG53 P-38 Lightning 800-1000m 16.54 05 Ost S/JP 8 (S Dulmen)

Asisbiz database list of 10 aerial victories for Heinz Hanke

Date Pilot Name Unit Enemy A/C Type Height Time Location
26-Feb-43 Heinz Hanke 9./JG1 Lancaster 8000m 11:42 SW Helgoland
09-Oct-43 Heinz Hanke 9./JG1 B-17 Fortress 3500m 15:00 PS-47
13-Nov-43 Heinz Hanke 3./JG11 B-24 Liberator 7600m 11:41 JR-53 (Gutersloh)
26-Nov-43 Heinz Hanke 3./JG11 B-17 Fortress 8300m 12:13 EK-2
01-Dec-43 Heinz Hanke 3./JG11 P-47 Thunderbolt   12:17  
20-Feb-44 Heinz Hanke 3./JG11 B-17 Fortress 3500m 12:19 PA 5-9
06-Mar-44 Heinz Hanke 3./JG11 B-17 Fortress   12:06 05 Ost S/EQ West of Cloppenburg
06-Mar-44 Heinz Hanke 3./JG11 B-17 Fortress   11:59 05 Ost S/EP North of Meppen
18-Mar-44 Heinz Hanke 3./JG11 B-24 Liberator 5000m 15:12 04 Ost N/DQ-8/9 Raum Freiburg
18-Mar-44 Heinz Hanke 3./JG11 B-24 Liberator 5000m 14:58 GQ-89

Asisbiz database list of 150 aerial victories for Hans Philipp

Date Pilot Name Unit Enemy A/C Type Height Time Location
Tuesday, September 05, 1939 Hans Philipp 1./JG76 PZL P-24   14:15 7km S Radomsko
Saturday, May 18, 1940 Hans Philipp 1./JG76 Hawk-75A   16:25 West of Rethel
Monday, June 03, 1940 Hans Philipp 1./JG76 Hawk-75A   15:20 West of epernay
Friday, June 07, 1940 Hans Philipp 1./JG76 Spitfire 4000m 20:50 South of Dieppe
Friday, August 30, 1940 Hans Philipp 4./JG54 Hurricane      
Sunday, September 01, 1940 Hans Philipp 4./JG54 Hurricane      
Thursday, September 05, 1940 Hans Philipp 4./JG54 Spitfire 6000m 16:20 Thames Estuary
Friday, September 27, 1940 Hans Philipp 4./JG54 Hurricane 6000m 10:20 West of London
Friday, September 27, 1940 Hans Philipp 4./JG54 Spitfire      
Friday, September 27, 1940 Hans Philipp 4./JG54 Not Listed      
Friday, September 27, 1940 Hans Philipp 4./JG54 Spitfire   16:18  
Sunday, October 13, 1940 Hans Philipp 4./JG54 Hurricane   14:05  
Sunday, October 13, 1940 Hans Philipp 4./JG54 Hurricane   14:02  
Sunday, October 13, 1940 Hans Philipp 4./JG54 Hurricane 7000m 14:03 zw Dungeness-Tunbridge Wells
Sunday, October 20, 1940 Hans Philipp 4./JG54 Hurricane   11:05  
Sunday, October 20, 1940 Hans Philipp 4./JG54 Hurricane      
Wednesday, October 30, 1940 Hans Philipp 4./JG54 Spitfire 8000m 17:02 Dungeness
Saturday, November 02, 1940 Hans Philipp 4./JG54 Spitfire 8000m   NW Dungeness
Thursday, November 14, 1940 Hans Philipp 4./JG54 Spitfire   12:30 Canterbury
Monday, April 07, 1941 Hans Philipp 4./JG54 Bf 109E 6500m 18:03 S. Neusatz
Monday, April 07, 1941 Hans Philipp 4./JG54 Bf 109E 6000m 17:55 S. Neusatz
Friday, February 06, 1942 Hans Philipp 4./JG54 R-5 30m 14:08 SE Malaya Vischera
Tuesday, February 17, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 I-18   13:40  
Thursday, February 19, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 I-18   10:10  
Sunday, February 22, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 I-18   14:30  
Monday, February 23, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 P-40 Kittyhawk   09:05  
Thursday, February 26, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 P-40 Kittyhawk   12:00  
Friday, February 27, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 I-18   08:40  
Friday, February 27, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 I-18   08:47  
Saturday, February 28, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 I-18   09:36  
Thursday, March 12, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 I-18   09:55  
Thursday, March 12, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 I-18   09:59  
Sunday, March 15, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 I-18   16:34  
Wednesday, March 18, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 I-18   13:08  
Sunday, March 22, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 I-18   10:49  
Sunday, March 22, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 I-18   10:45  
Saturday, March 28, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 I-18   09:10  
Sunday, March 29, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 I-18   11:15  
Sunday, March 29, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 I-18   11:19  
Sunday, March 29, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 I-18   11:25  
Sunday, March 29, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 I-18   08:45  
Saturday, May 30, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 MiG-3   16:17  
Saturday, June 06, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 P-40 Kittyhawk   17:26  
Saturday, June 06, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 P-40 Kittyhawk   17:25  
Thursday, June 11, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Yak-1   20:25  
Friday, June 12, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 MiG-3   20:10  
Monday, June 15, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3   20:01  
Monday, June 15, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3   20:02  
Friday, June 26, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3   09:44  
Friday, June 26, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3   16:28  
Friday, June 26, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik   09:37  
Saturday, July 11, 1942 Hans Philipp 1./JG54 P-40 Kittyhawk   19:40  
Sunday, August 02, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 2000m 14:26 00 164
Sunday, August 02, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 1500m 14:31 00 191
Saturday, November 07, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 P-40 Warhawk 1600m 07:49 11 853
Saturday, November 07, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Hurricane 1500m 07:08 11 752
Saturday, November 07, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Hurricane 1500m 07:15 11 752
Wednesday, December 16, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Yak-4 3000m 11:25 11 872
Wednesday, December 16, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 MiG-3 3200m 11:35 00 251
Wednesday, December 16, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 MiG-3 3500m 11:38 00 261
Tuesday, December 29, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 I-15 Rata 1200m 13:58 1170
Wednesday, December 30, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 1200m 12:00 28 114
Wednesday, December 30, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 700m 12:20 28 113
Wednesday, December 30, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 5000m 10:00 28 131
Wednesday, December 30, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik 300m 12:12 18 264
Wednesday, December 30, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 800m 12:05 28 121
Wednesday, December 30, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik 300m 09:55 28 174
Wednesday, December 30, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik 300m 09:30 28 171
Wednesday, December 30, 1942 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 150m 12:25 28 141
Wednesday, January 06, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 3000m 12:55 28 262
Wednesday, January 06, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik 600m 12:53 28 124
Wednesday, January 06, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik 800m 12:46 28 141
Thursday, January 07, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 20-50m 09:27 29 743
Thursday, January 07, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 500m 09:25 18 231
Thursday, January 07, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 40m 09:30 29 753
Thursday, January 07, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 40m 09:32 29 743
Thursday, January 07, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 P-51 Mustang 1400m 09:20 18 233
Sunday, January 10, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG3 Il-2 Sturmovik 2000m 11:41 91 763
Tuesday, January 12, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 I-16 Rata 2000m 11:16 00 263
Tuesday, January 12, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik 500m 10:55 10 114
Tuesday, January 12, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik 500m 10:54 10 113
Tuesday, January 12, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik 500m 11:12 10 113
Tuesday, January 12, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 I-16 Rata 2000m 11:20 00 281
Tuesday, January 12, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik 2500m 14:01 10 154
Tuesday, January 12, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik 2500m 14:01 10 154
Tuesday, January 12, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik 500m 11:03 10 123
Wednesday, January 13, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 1000m 13:58 00 264
Wednesday, January 13, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 800m 14:03 10 244
Thursday, January 14, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik Low Level 09:03 10 214
Thursday, January 14, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik Low Level 09:05 10 211
Thursday, January 14, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Hurricane 2000-2500m 11:25 10 254
Thursday, January 14, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Hurricane 2000-2500m 11:28 00 252
Thursday, January 14, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 1000m 11:55 00 282
Friday, January 15, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik Low Level 13:03 00 432
Friday, January 15, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik Low Level 13:06 00 431
Friday, January 22, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 2000m 13:02 10 141
Friday, January 22, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik 600m 13:10 10 334
Friday, January 22, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik 600m 13:12 10 152
Saturday, January 23, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 1000m 13:14 10 151
Saturday, January 23, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 4000m 13:02 10 163
Saturday, January 23, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-5 3000m 13:08 10 191
Saturday, January 23, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 3000m 13:12 10 152
Sunday, January 24, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 I-153 800m 10:56 10 143
Thursday, February 11, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 800m 09:14 00 274
Sunday, February 14, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik 500m 14:30 00 462
Sunday, February 14, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik 500m 14:35 00 294
Friday, February 19, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 1800m 12:10 10 391
Friday, February 19, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 2000m 12:15 10 394
Sunday, February 21, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 5000m 08:45 00 411
Sunday, February 21, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 P-39 Aircobra 2000m 09:06 10 534
Monday, February 22, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik 100m 15:23 10 144
Monday, February 22, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik 80-100m 15:08 10 153
Tuesday, February 23, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 300m 08:40 00 412
Tuesday, February 23, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Yak-1 300m 08:50 00 412
Tuesday, February 23, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Yak-1 800m 08:53 00 392
Tuesday, February 23, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Yak-1 1200m 08:55 00 363
Tuesday, February 23, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Yak-1 Low Level 08:59 00 334
Tuesday, February 23, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 800m 09:16 00 252
Tuesday, February 23, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 800m 10:02 10 152
Tuesday, February 23, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 200m 11:08 10 151
Sunday, March 07, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik 800m 14:37 18 361
Sunday, March 07, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik Low Level 14:42 18 391
Sunday, March 07, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik 100m 14:40 18 363
Sunday, March 07, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 2000m 09:09 28 144
Sunday, March 07, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 P-39 Aircobra 5300m 11:50 18 451
Sunday, March 07, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik 800m 14:34 18 194
Sunday, March 07, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 2000m 09:07 18 264
Sunday, March 07, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik 800m 14:32 18 194
Sunday, March 07, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 2000m 09:14 18 243
Sunday, March 14, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 P-40 Kittyhawk 200m 13:32 18 281
Sunday, March 14, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 1500m 13:25 18 453
Monday, March 15, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 3500m 15:30 18 414
Monday, March 15, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 3500m 15:33 18 364
Monday, March 15, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 3000m 15:35 18 451
Tuesday, March 16, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 4000m 10:48 18 214
Tuesday, March 16, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 Il-2 Sturmovik 200m 10:56 15km South Charkov
Tuesday, March 16, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 2000m 10:54 18 244
Tuesday, March 16, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 3000m 10:50 18 241
Tuesday, March 16, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 P-39 Aircobra 5500m 10:43 18 261
Tuesday, March 16, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 3000m 10:53 18 244
Wednesday, March 17, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 4000m 16:13 18 421
Wednesday, March 17, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 2600m 16:15 18 421
Wednesday, March 17, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 2600m 16:16 18 332
Wednesday, March 17, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab I./JG54 LaGG-3 2400m 16:19 18 361
Sunday, May 02, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab /JG1 Spitfire   19:43 120km W Haarlem
Sunday, May 16, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab /JG1 P-47 Thunderbolt   13:12 25km N Zeebrugge
Monday, July 26, 1943 Hans Philipp 7./NJG1 Stirling 5400m 00:31 6km N Hoenderlo
Friday, October 08, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab /JG1 Dogfight (P-47)     P-47 Dogfight Hardenhaus
Friday, October 08, 1943 Hans Philipp Stab /JG1 B-17 Fortress 6600m 15:28 FR-52 (Diepholz-Quakenbruck)
Tuesday, June 27, 1944 Hans Philipp 7./JG27 P-51 Mustang     S Soissons

Asisbiz database list of 4 aerial victories for Wilhelm Krebs

Date Pilot Name Unit Enemy A/C Type Height Time Location
21-May-43 Wilhelm Krebs 3./JG1 B-17 Fortress 1800m 13:15 5582
17-Aug-43 Wilhelm Krebs Stab I./JG1 B-17 Fortress Hss 6500m 15:53 05 Ost S/QM-9 SW Clervaux
03-Nov-43 Wilhelm Krebs Stab I./JG1 B-17 Fortress 7500m 13:15 05 Ost S/BP 2
03-Nov-43 Wilhelm Krebs Stab I./JG1 B-17 Fortress 7500m 13:05 05 Ost S/BP 2 (S Nordeney)

'I aimed to hit the aircraft, not the pilot...'

Fritz Losigkeit, STAFFELKAPITAN OF 2./JG26.

After my Spanish adventure, I had a rest in Kitzbuhel before being transferred to I./JG26 in Koln-Ostheim and on 23 September 1939, I took over the 2. Staffel from Hptm. Walter Kienitz. In May 1940 we were stationed at Bonninghardt and our first mission of the campaign was to escort Ju52s with paratroops to Rotterdam and Dordrecht. Then the Geschwader Staff and the I. Gruppe transferred to Eitighoven. Later still, we transferred to Laon, where we learned of the successful conclusion of the campaign. I had been able to claim a Spitfire on 28 May over the eastern Channel, and another one on 1 June near Dunkirk. In July, I received the EK II.

Then we returned to Dortmund and then to Bonninghardt. After a short rest, we transferred first to Wissant on the Channel then, shortly after this, we became based in Audembert near Wissant (between cap Gris-Nez and Cap Blanc-Nez) for the Battle of Britain. These days were terrible: we flew continuously, sometimes five missions a day, and during the campaign against England I personally flew far more than 100 missions. There were only a few missions when I did not fly with my men. I obtained my first victory of the Battle, a Hurricane, on 28 August 1940 and the second (my third Spitfire) two days later. On both occasions, my wingman, Lt. Martin Rysavy also scored. It was Rysavy' who took over the Staffel after my departure. He would later lose his life in tragic circumstances, being shot down on 2 July 1941 by our own flak.

On 15 September, the Luftwaffe suffered heavy losses. At that time, our target was changed. Previously our goal had been to destroy the RAF and in this we had met with some success, but now London became the main target and this allowed the RAF to regain its strength. On the afternoon of the 15th, a large number of bombers was send to London and our Geschwader received the order to fly a freie Jagd in the area to protect them.

Galland led the unit and we were flying at 10,000 metres when we suddenly spotted many black dots approaching ourZweimots(twin-engined aircraft). We dived towards them in order to take up a position between the British fighters and our bombers and this resulted in an incredible air battle in which I shot down a Spitfire1. I aimed to hit the aircraft, not the pilot, for I considered those who aimed for the pilot murderers. I tried to shoot at the base of the wing where the fuel and hydraulics were located, the pilot being protected from the rear by his armor. Although our Geschwader claimed several Abschusse, our bombers nevertheless suffered heavy losses.

Progressively, with the arrival of autumn and winter, the tension diminished and our unit was withdrawn from the Channel coast to Abbeville. Surprisingly, during the winter, Galland called me and asked if I would be interested in going to Japan as the Luftwaffe's Air Attaché. I agreed and was sent to Tokyo in May 1941.

Believed to have been flown by P/O R.H. Holland of 92Sqn., who baled out safely but was injured on landing.

Asisbiz database list of 53 aerial victories out of for Fritz Losigkeit

Date Pilot Name Unit Enemy A/C Type Height Time Location
28-May-40 Fritz Losigkeit 2./JG26 Spitfire I   10.30 Calais
28-May-40 Fritz Losigkeit 2./JG26 Spitfire 4000m 10.35 Calais
01-Jun-40 Fritz Losigkeit 2./JG26 Spitfire   06.40 Dunkirk
01-Jun-40 Fritz Losigkeit 2./JG26 Spitfire   06.40 Dunkirk
28-Aug-40 Fritz Losigkeit 2./JG26 Hurricane   10.05 North of Folkestone
30-Aug-40 Fritz Losigkeit 2./JG26 Spitfire   19.30 SE Littlestone
15-Sep-40 Fritz Losigkeit 2./JG26 Spitfire   15.40 SE London
17-Apr-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab I./JG1 B-17 Fortress 7000m 13.18 05 Ost S/83/1/5
02-May-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab I./JG1 Ventura 35m 19.43 S/23/4/9 (120km W Haarlem)
05-Jul-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 LaGG-5 3000m 07.20 53 693
05-Jul-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 LaGG-5 1500m 13.32 63 544
06-Jul-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 LaGG-3 1500m 17.05 63 725
06-Jul-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 LaGG-5 2500m 08.43 63 582
07-Jul-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 MiG-3 2000m 14.54 63 578
09-Jul-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 P-39 Aircobra 1000m 10.45 63 724
11-Jul-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 MiG-3 2000m 13.56 63 721
12-Jul-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 LaGG-3 1800m 19.50 54 273
13-Jul-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 Il-2 Sturmovik m.H. 300m 13.52 63 253
13-Jul-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 Il-2 Sturmovik m.H. Low Level 14.25 53 231
17-Jul-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 LaGG-5 1000m 07.17 63 398
29-Jul-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 LaGG-3 1800m 15.30 54 654
01-Aug-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 LaGG-3 2000m 10.35 54 638
01-Aug-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 LaGG-3 2500m 18.25 53 498
02-Aug-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 P-39 Aircobra 4200m 09.15 53 498
09-Aug-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 Il-2 Sturmovik m.H. Low Level 16.24 35 458
09-Aug-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 Yak-9 6000m 16.11 45 511
12-Aug-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 LaGG-5 5000m 10.55 35 443
12-Aug-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 LaGG-3 5200m 16.25 35 466
12-Aug-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 LaGG-3 4000m 10.30 45 393
14-Aug-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 MiG-3 4200m 18.55 26 641
16-Aug-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 LaGG-5 800m 16.15 26 534
18-Aug-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 LaGG-3 4500m 18.15 26 824
21-Aug-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 MiGG-3 2700m 09.40 35 661
22-Aug-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 LaGG-5 4000m 10.13 35 479
22-Aug-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 LaGG-5 4200m 18.20 26 676
27-Aug-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 LaGG-3 2500m 10.00 43 848
03-Sep-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 A-20 Boston III 3000m 11.13 32 458
03-Sep-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 A-20 Boston III 2500m 16.31 32 675
15-Sep-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 Yak-9 4000m 17.05 35 376
22-Nov-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 P-51 Mustang 5500m 14.20 Gomel
28-Dec-43 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 Yak-7 100m 12.15 93 419
08-Jan-44 Fritz Losigkeit 3./JG51 LaGG-5 5000m 12.06 06583
16-Jan-44 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 Yak-7 4500m 11.26 93 474
16-Jan-44 Fritz Losigkeit Stab III./JG51 Yak-9 3500m 14.26 93 398
05-Feb-44 Fritz Losigkeit Stab II./JG51 La-5 2500m 10.16 93 337
05-Feb-44 Fritz Losigkeit Stab II./JG51 Yak-7 2000m 10.20 93 353
28-Mar-44 Fritz Losigkeit Stab IV./JG51 Yak-9 1200m 16.15 04 658
30-Jun-44 Fritz Losigkeit Stab /JG51 Yak-7 3000m 15.08 85 672
30-Jun-44 Fritz Losigkeit Stab /JG51 LaGG-5 2800m 18.07 85 583
01-Jul-44 Fritz Losigkeit Stab /JG51 Yak-9 2500m 11.35 85 734
10-Jul-44 Fritz Losigkeit Stab /JG51 Yak-9 4100m 16.27 53 182
16-Jul-44 Fritz Losigkeit Stab /JG51 Pe-2 2000m 16.01 40 293
24-Jul-44 Fritz Losigkeit Stab /JG51 Pe-2 5800m 15.44 41 763

 Some of the most widely used Book References:

  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase One: July-August 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 1) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Eddie J Creek (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Two: August-September 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 2) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Three: September-October 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 3) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Four: November 1940-June 1941 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 4) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)

 Some of the most widely used Magazine References:

  • Airfix Magazines (English) - http://www.airfix.com/
  • Avions (French) - http://www.aerostories.org/~aerobiblio/rubrique10.html
  • FlyPast (English) - http://www.flypast.com/
  • Flugzeug Publikations GmbH (German) - http://vdmedien.com/flugzeug-publikations-gmbh-hersteller_verlag-vdm-heinz-nickel-33.html
  • Flugzeug Classic (German) - http://www.flugzeugclassic.de/
  • Klassiker (German) - http://shop.flugrevue.de/abo/klassiker-der-luftfahrt
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://boutique.editions-lariviere.fr/site/abonnement-le-fana-de-l-aviation-626-4-6.html
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://www.pdfmagazines.org/tags/Le+Fana+De+L+Aviation/
  • Osprey (English) - http://www.ospreypublishing.com/
  • Revi Magazines (Czech) - http://www.revi.cz/

This webpage was updated 27th October 2015

Editor for Asisbiz: Matthew Laird Acred
Please help us to improve these articles with any additional information or photo's, if you should encounter any broken links or display errors :-(