Fw 190A Table

General der Jagdflieger

Focke-Wulf Fw 190A6 General der Jagdflieger white (((+2 Adolf Galland Achmer 1943

Series of photos taken at Achmer November 1943 as Horst Geyer takes General der Jagdflieger Adolf Galland on an inspection tour of Erprobungskommando 25

 
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Adolf Galland

Early Career
Adolf Galland was born on 19 March 1912 at Westerholt near Essen in Westphalia, where his father, continuing in the profession of earlier generations of the Galland family, managed the country estate owned by Count Graf von Westerholt. The young Adolf Galland spent his early schooldays in Westerholt, and his later academic studies were completed at the Hindenburg Gymnasium in Bilr.

Adolf Galland was 14 when, in early 1927, a group of sailplane enthusiasts brought their gliders to a corner of the Westerholt estate and first sparked in him an overwhelming enthusiasm to fly. By the time Galland was 17 years of age, he was a glider pilot in the DLV (Deutscher Luftsportverband - German Air Sport Association) and, in February 1932, he entered the Deutsche Fliegerschule (German Flying School) at Braunschweig. Between July and September, 1933 Galland attended a secret flying course in Italy and subsequently became a pilot with Deutsche Luft Hansa - the German airline - flying JuG-24 and Rohrbach Roland aircraft, mainly on the Stuttgart/Geneva/Marseilles/Barcelona routes.

When Adolf Hitler came to power and created a new air force, volunteers with flying experience were urgently sought and Galland joined the new clandestine air force. After basic training at Schleissheim, he qualified as a fighter pilot and, on 1 January 1935, the newly commissioned Leutnant Galland was posted to JG132 'Richthofen', then equipped with Ar 65 aircraft, though later to receive the He-51.After two flying accidents, Galland faced the unwelcome prospect of being forced to leave the Luftwaffe. However, by devious means, he managed to convince the medical authorities that he was indeed fit for flying duties - though, in fact, he suffered a minor sight deficiency in his left eye - and succeeded in retaining his position in the Luftwaffe.

When the Spanish Civil War broke out in 1936, Galland volunteered to join the Legion Condor. He arrived in Spain on 8 May 1937, at which time he was nearly 25, but he had to wait two months before he could fly with his assigned unit, the I./J88. From the Summer of 1937 he led the 3./J88, a Staffel equipped with obsolescent He-51 biplane fighters which, as they were no match against the superior Soviet Polikarpov 1-16 monoplanes, were employed in the ground-attack role, principally strafing enemy ground forces.

After a year in Spain - twice the amount of time spent by any other pilot - and after flying 280 missions, Galland returned to Germany in August, 1938. He was then an experienced formation leader and, in view of the role his unit had played in Spain, he was instructed to prepare numerous reports for the Reichslujtministerium to ensure that his expertise in the ground-attack role was passed on to future Schlachtflieger. Such a desk-bound position, however, was not at all to Galland's liking and in November, 1938, he was able to leave the RIM, only to find himself posted back to the ground-attack force in the Summer of 1939 when, just before the invasion of Poland, he was ordered to lead the 4. Staffel of II.(Schlacht)/LG2, a ground-attack unit based at Tutow and equipped with Hs-123s.

On 1 October, 1939, after the Polish campaign - which proved the importance of effective ground-support operations - Galland was awarded the Iron Cross, Second Class, and promoted to the rank of Hauptmann. In April 1940, he succeeded in being transferred back to fighters and was assigned to the Stab IJG27 as Operations Officer. As the inactivity of the so-called Phony War dragged on over several months, Galland was meanwhile able to arrange a temporary transfer to Stab III./JG53 in order to join his comrade Werner Molders, whom he had met in Spain, Galland returning to JG27 only a few days before the opening of the Westfeldzug, the campaign in the West.

During the invasion of France and Belgium, Galland shot down two RAF Hurricanes from 87Sqn. Unfortunately, in his autobiography, Galland incorrectly referred to these aircraft, which fell south of Liege, as Belgian Hurricanes, inadvertently creating a myth which some authors insist on perpetuating to the present day. In fact, all Belgian Hurricanes had already been destroyed in the first two days of the invasion.

Galland subsequently went on to claim many other victories during the campaign in the West. A Spitfire fell to his guns south of Sedan on 16 May; two French Potez 63-11 s on 19 May; another Potez south of Amiens on 20 May; two Bristol Blenheims over Dunkirk on 29 May and a Spitfire over Dunkirk on 2 June. On 3 June - the day of the infamous Operation Pau1a, when 300 bombers and dive-bombers attacked Armee de Fair airfields and French aircraft factories in and around Paris - he claimed a further two French aircraft shot down. On 20 May, Galland was awarded the Iron Cross, First Class, and at the same time left Stab/JG27 to become Kommandeur of III/JG26. His last two victories in the Western campaign, a Blenheim and a Defiant south of Evreux, were claimed on 14 June.

After the fall of France, III/JG26 returned to its home base at Munchengladbach in Germany in order to rest its personnel andoverhau1 and service its equipment. On 18 July, Galland was promoted to the rank of Major and, two days later, III./JG26 was ordered to move back to France where it was to be based on the coast at Caffiers, some 11 kilometers south-east of Wissant in the Pas de Calais, in preparation for the assault against Great Britain.

The III./JG26 flew its first sorties of the Battle of Britain on 24 July, when Galland's 40 Bf-109s escorted 18 Do-17s briefed to attack a convoy. During this mission, Galland shot down a Spitfire of 54Squadron P/O John Allen, a successful pilot credited with 8 victories. The following day, Galland shot down another Spitfire over Dover and a third on the 28th, bringing his score to 17. For these victories, Galland was awarded the coveted Ritterkreuz on 1 August, at that time only the fourth fighter pilot to be so decorated.

During a Stuka escort mission on 14 August, Galland claimed a Hurricane shot down and three Spitfires the following day. On the 17th, the young Gruppenkommandeur, together with Werner Molders, the Kommodore of JG51, was summoned by Goring to Karinhall. There, Galland learned that the Reichsmarschall had decided to replace the older Geschwaderkommodoren, many of whom, like Osterkamp and von Bulow-Bothkamp had flown in the First World War, with younger fighter pilots. Consequently, at the age of only 28, Galland was appointed Kommodore of JG26.

Eichenlaubtrager
Despite his new responsibilities, Galland continued to fly and claim further victories; a Spitfire on 25 August, a Defiant on the 27th and three Spitfires on the 31st. In the first twenty days of September, Major Galland claimed 12 kills against RAF Hurricanes and Spitfires. A Hurricane shot down on 24 September and believed to have been P/O Harold Bird-Wilson of 17Sqn, brought Galland's total claims to 40 Luftsiegen. With this number of victories and less than two months after he had been awarded the RK, Galland was called to the Fuhrer's Headquarters where, as only the third member of the Wehrmacht to receive this decoration, he was presented with the Oak Leaves.

Returning to JG26, Galland claimed his 45th victory on 15 October while flying escort to his former unit of the Polish campaign, II.(Schlacht)/LG2, since equipped with Bf 109Es and then flying Jabo sorties to bomb London. Promoted to Oberstleutnant on 1 November, Galland claimed his 57th victory on 5 December. At that time he was the highest-scoring Luftwaffe pilot, but this was also his last victory of the year since deteriorating weather conditions during the winter of 1940-41 temporarily curtailed further fighter operations.

In early 1941, the air-war changed when German plans to invade Great Britain were abandoned and the Wehrmacht turned its attention first to the Balkans and later to Russia. In the West, only a small number of fighters remained, mainly operating in a defensive role against RAF intruder missions. In March, JG26 was dispersed over various French airfields in Brittany, mainly in defence of Brest harbor. Galland claimed his first victory of 1942 on 4 April when he shot down a Spitfire of 91Sqn, believed to have been Sgt. Jack Mann, a pilot credited with five confirmed victories plus three unconfirmed. On 15 April, while flying with his Katschmarek to visitjafu 2 (Gen. Osterkamp), the pair made a short detour en route and over the English coast Galland succeeded in downing two, possibly three, Spitfires.

JG26 was then transferred to airfields in Belgium and Northern France and on 21 June, Galland claimed two Blenheims and one Spitfire, but on the same day was shot down twice. On the first occasion he safely force-landed his damaged aircraft, but when shot down the second time he was wounded and had to bail out of his blazing machine.

With 70 victories, Galland was once more called to Hitler's HQ where he received the Oak Leaves with Swords, the first recipient of only 159 ever awarded. However, this high honor brought with it an order from Hitler forbidding Galland to continue flying but, with his usual resourcefulness, he was able to circumvent this restriction. By interpreting Hitler's order to mean operational flying and, on the pretext that he was only testing his unit's new Bf-109 F-3 and F-4 aircraft, Galland continued to fly and in this way justified his increasing score.

General der Jagdflieger
With 97 victories, Galland learned of the death of his comrade Oberst Werner Molders, killed when the He-111 in which he was a passenger crashed on 22 November 1941. On 5 December 1942, with the rank of Generalleutnant, Galland attended a farewell ceremony at Audembert in Northern France, where he left JG26 and became Molder's successor as General der Jagdflieger. He was then 30 years of age and the youngest General in the Wehrmacht. On 28 January 1942, he became only the second recipient of the Diamonds to the Knight's Cross. Early in his new position, Galland was responsible for some of the Luftwaffe's most daring and successful operations. He planned the air cover for the battle-cruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau and the heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen during the so-called Channel Dash when, in February 1942, all three ships sailed up the English Channel to ports in Germany. Later, he was responsible for the reinforcement of the German fighter arm in Russia and the transfer of fighters to the Mediterranean theatre for operations against Malta. However, with the growing strength of Allied air power and under the most severe pressure and unrealistic demands, Galland became increasingly isolated from his superiors who issued orders which bore little resemblance to reality. During the Allied invasion of Sicily, where JG53 and JG77 bore the brunt of the fighting, Goring became especially angry, demanding aerial victories from German fighter pilots totally overwhelmed by Allied air power and accusing them of cowardice when, despite their best efforts, this proved impossible.

Dismissal
In 1944, as the situation worsened, Galland clashed increasingly with Goring who blamed him personally for the failures of the Jagdflieger. Eventually, when the whole of the Fighter Arm was disgraced and Galland was dismissed from his post, Goring tried to have him arrested and he was saved due only to Hitler's personal intervention. Thereafter, Galland again flew fighters, organising his own jet unit, JV 44. Despite the difficulties of introducing the radically new Me-262 to service in a rapidly deteriorating situation in which the inevitable final collapse of the Third Reich grew ever closer, Galland was able to score further victories. He flew his last sortie on 26April 1945, when, after scoring his last two victories - his 103rd and 104th - he was wounded and had to make an emergency landing on Miinchen-Riem airfield. In hospital when the war ended, Galland was made a PoW.

Taken to Great Britain for detailed interrogation by British and US intelligence officers, Galland was eventually released in May 1947. The following year he left Europe for Argentina where he helped raise a modern air force for President Peron. Returning to Germany after seven years in South America, Galland later set up his own company - an aviation consultancy - which he headed until advancing years and failing health forced him into retirement.

During his lifetime, Generalleutnant a.D. Adolf Galland, holder of the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds, succeeded in gaining the respect not only of his comrades, but also of his former enemies. He died on 9 February 1996, little more than a month before his 84th birthday, and was buried at the church of St. Laurentius in Bonn-Oberwinter.

Adolf “Dolfo” Galland was born on 19 March 1912 at Westerholt, Westphalia. At the age of 17 he started flying gliders. He began flying for Lufthansa after graduating from the German Commercial Air Transport School at Brunswick. This was at a time when the German Air Arm was created, following Hitler's rise to power, and students were sent clandestinely to the Soviet Union and Italy. In February 1934, he joined the Luftwaffe, an accomplished pilot and instructor, at the Fighter Pilot School at Munich-Schleissheim. By April 1935 he was a fighter pilot with Jagdgeschwader 2 “Richtofen”.

In 1937, he volunteered for service with the Condor Legion in Spain. Galland was put in command of 3 Staffel of J/88, equipped with the Heinkel He-51 biplanes, which were used in the ground attack and support role. He distinguished himself, especially on the Asturias, Teruel and Ebro fronts, completing 280 combat sorties before being relieved by Werner Mölders in mid-1938. He had met Mölders in the hotel 'Cristina' where they were billeted, and they were to become firm friends. Galland's many original contributions to ground support techniques brought him to the attention of the Luftwaffe High Command. However, his reward for the innovative work in Spain was flying a desk in the Air Ministry working out directives for the organisation of close support units and the training of fighter pilots in direct support operations. When World War 2 broke out Oberleutnant Galland was a Staffelkapitän of 4.(S)/LG2 equipped with the Henschel Hs 123, a biplane Stuka. He took part in the invasion of Poland flying 50 ground attack missions. Galland was awarded the Iron Cross, Second Class for his efforts. Galland was posted away to JG27 at Krefeld, arriving there on 15 February 1940. He was assigned to the Geschwaderstab and assumed the role of Geschwader Adjutant. On 12 May, west of Liege, Belgium, he scored his first aerial victory. Two more victories followed that day. All three victims were RAF Hurricanes. By the end of the French campaign he had accumulated 14 victories. On 6 June 1940, Hauptmann Galland was appointed Gruppenkommandeur of III./JG26. Promoted Major on 18 July, Galland stayed with III./JG26 through the Battle of Britain.

On 24 July, Galland led III./JG26 over the north coast of the Thames Estuary. Here they engaged Spitfires and Galland was able to shoot one down to the north of Margate. He had shot down the British ace P/O “Johnny” Allen (7.333 confirmed and 5 unconfirmed destroyed victories) of 56Sqn, RAF, who was killed in the crash-landing that followed this combat. On 28 July, RAF fighters were scrambled to intercept a large German bomber formation headed for Dover. When confronted by the RAF fighters, the German bomber formation promptly headed for home. The RAF fighters were thus left to combat the escorting German fighters of I. and II./JG51 and III./JG26. Galland claimed a Spitfire shot down near Dover for his 17th victory. He had shot down another British ace, Sub-Lt Francis Dawson-Paul (7.25 confirmed and 1 unconfirmed destroyed and 1 damaged victories), a Royal Navy pilot on loan to the RAF.

Dawson-Paul was shot down into the Channel where he was picked up by a German E-boat, but he died from the wounds received in this combat on 30 July. Galland was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 1 August for 17 victories. It is thought he again shot down a notable RAF pilot on 15 August, when he brought down the New Zealand ace F/Lt “Al” Deere (17.333 confirmed and 2.5 unconfirmed destroyed, 4 probable and 7.5 damaged victories) of 54Sqn, RAF. Deere baled out of his Spitfire between Dover and Folkestone.

On 24 September, Galland downed his 40th victim, another notable RAF pilot, Harold Bird-Wilson (5.2 destroyed, 3 probable and 3 damaged victories) of 17Sqn, RAF who baled out badly burned near Chatham. Galland was awarded the newly instituted Eichenlauben on 25 September.

By the end of September he had 42 victories. On 1 November 1940, Galland was promoted to Oberstleutnant and given command of JG26. He had 50 victories to his credit. JG26 was escorting the Bf 110 fighter bombers of EprGr 210 on a raid of Martlesham Heath on 17 November. The formation was intercepted by RAF Hurricanes. In the ensuing combat, Galland claimed a Hurricane shot down. The pilot, ace Count Manfred Czernin (17 destroyed, 3.5 probable and 3.833 damaged victories) of 17Sqn, RAF, baled out unhurt. On 21 June 1941, Galland shot down a Spitfire east of Boulogne. He, in turn, was shot down, by the Polish ace Boleslaw Drobinski (7.133/1.333/0 victories) of 303Sqn, RAF, and baled out wounded. Shortly after, he was awarded the Schwerten to his Ritterkreuz. Galland had, by now, been ordered by Hitler and Göring not to fly combat missions. However, he disregarded these orders and continued to rack up aerial victories. On the death of Oberst Werner Mölders (115 victories, RK-Br) on 22 November 1941, Galland was named General der Jagdflieger. Before settling into his new job, Oberst Galland directed the fighter protection for the Channel dash of the battleships Scharnhorst and Gneisenau, and the heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen, from Brest.

Operation Donnerkeil was a striking success. He was awarded the Brillanten to his Ritterkreuz on 28 January 1942 with his victory tally at 94. As General der Jagdflieger, he commanded a small unit operating Fw 190s. He flew about 10 combat missions and, it is thought, he gained two victories over USAAF B-17 bombers during 1944. It remains unsure whether his claims during this period were submitted or confirmed. Stab G.d.J claimed two B-17s shot down on 8 March 1944 and it is thought Galland may have been one of the claimants. Galland became one of the most controversial figures of his time through his skirmishes with Reichsmarschal Göring and his frank addresses to Hitler when he emphasized the need for more fighters to oppose the increasingly intense allied bombing raids over Germany. Galland's contemporaries in combat commands eventually began planning to force Göring's resignation, by seeking an audience with Hitler. Although Galland took no direct part in such activities, he was aware that all this was in train. In the denouement, Göring attributed the incipient mutiny to Galland, sacked him and prepared a trial in which blame for the collapse of the Jagdwaffe would be directed to the General der Jagdflieger. Hitler intervened but then insisted, as an end to the “Galland affair”, that he be given command of a unit of jet fighters. Galland led JV 44 until 26 April 1945 gaining up to seven victories flying the Me 262 jet fighter. On this day Generalleutnant Galland led 12 rocket-equipped Me 262s from München-Reim to intercept a formation of B-26 medium bombers targetting the airfield at Lechfeld. He claimed two of the bombers, but with cannon-fire rather than the rockets with which his Me 262 was armed. During his initial approach, Galland had failed to deactivate a safety switch which prevented him from firing the rockets. During his attacks on the bombers, Galland's Me 262 was struck by return fire. Disengaging from the bombers, he was bounced by a P-47 1st Lt James J Finnegan of the 50th Fighter Group, USAAF. Galland was wounded in the right knee and his aircraft received further damage. He was able to bring his crippled jet back to München-Reim and successfully land, albeit with a flat nose wheel tyre. He was forced to leap from his aircraft and take shelter because the airfield was under attack by American fighters. The wound suffered in this encounter were serious enough to end his combat flying. Galland surrendered himself to American forces at Tegernsee on 5 May 1945.

He was held in military custody for two years. He was released in 1947. In October 1948, Galland took a position with the Argentine Air Force. There followed many offers to act as consultant to armament firms who would equip the new Luftwaffe. He made his choices and settled down to prosperous and lively decades as a businessman. In his final years he divided his time between his home in Germany and his bungalow by the Alicante coast of Spain. Adolf Galland passed away on 9 February 1996 at Remagen-Oberwinter. Adolf Galland achieved 104 aerial victories in 705 missions, all on the Western front. Included in his score are at least seven victories flying the Me 262 and four four-engined bombers. He was himself shot down four times.

No Date Time A/c Type Unit Location Comments
1 12.5.1940 10:10 Hurricane Stab JG27 10 km W Lüttich Hurricane I (L1970) of 87Sqn RAF flown by F/O J A Campbell, killed
2 12.5.1940 10:20 Hurricane Stab JG27 18 km S Lüttich Hurricane I (L1632) of 87Sqn RAF flown by Sgt F V Howell, baled out
3 12.5.1940 15:50 Hurricane Stab JG27 7 km EEN Tirlemont   
4 16.5.1940 19:30 Spitfire Stab JG27 5 km S Lille  
5 19.5.1940 20:50 Potez 63 Stab JG27 N Albert  
6 19.5.1940 21:45 Potez 63 Stab JG27 SW Hirson  
7 20.5.1940 20:50 Potez 63 Stab JG27 S Amiens  
8 29.5.1940 12:59 Blenheim Stab JG27 15 km N Gravelines  
9 29.5.1940 13:04 Blenheim Stab JG27 30 km NW Gravelines  
10 2.6.1940 9:28 Spitfire Stab JG27 W Dunkirk  
11 9.6.1940 15:55 Curtiss Hawk 75 Stab JG27 E Rotoy  
12 9.6.1940 16:10 Morane MS 406 Stab JG27 13 km NW Meaux  
13 14.6.1940 17:15 Blenheim Stab III./JG26 22km SE Vernon/Breval  
14 14.6.1940 17:28 Battle Stab III./JG26 10km S Evreux  
15 24.7.1940 13:30 Spitfire Stab III./JG26 30km N Margate Spitfire I of 54Sqn, RAF flown by P/O J L Allen (12.333 victories), killed in crash-landing
16 25.7.1940 16:17 Spitfire Stab III./JG26 Dover Harbour Spitfire of 54Sqn, RAF
17 28.7.1940 15:20 Spitfire Stab III./JG26 10km NNE Dover Spitfire I (L1035) of 64Sqn RAF flown by Sub Lt (RN) F Dawson-Paul (8.25/0/1 victories), died of wounds
18 12.8.1940 12:41 Hurricane Stab III./JG26 NNW Margate Hurricane of 501Sqn, RAF
19 14.8.1940 13:30 Hurricane Stab III./JG26 SW Dover  
20 15.8.1940 12:55 Spitfire Stab III./JG26 10km E Dover-Folkestone Possibly Spitfire of 54Sqn RAF flown by F/Lt A C Deere (19.833/4/7.5 victories), baled out
21 15.8.1940 16:00 Spitfire Stab III./JG26 15km SE Folkestone Spitfire of 64Sqn, RAF
22 15.8.1940 16:07 Spitfire Stab III./JG26 20km SE Dover Spitfire of 64Sqn, RAF
23 25.8.1940 19:50 Spitfire Stab JG26 Dungeness-Folkestone  
24 28.8.1940 10:00 Defiant Stab JG26 Faversham Defiant of 264Sqn, RAF
25 31.8.1940 9:42 Spitfire Stab JG26 20km SE Cambridge Spitfire of 19Sqn, RAF
26 31.8.1940 18:50 Spitfire Stab JG26 Gravesend  
27 31.8.1940 19:03 Hurricane Stab JG26 Maidstone  
28 1.9.1940 14:55 Spitfire Stab JG26 SE London  
29 3.9.1940 11:32 Hurricane Stab JG26 Chelmsford Hurricane of 257Sqn, RAF
30 6.9.1940 10:20 Hurricane Stab JG26 Tonbridge Hurricane of 601Sqn, RAF
31 11.9.1940 16:20 Hurricane Stab JG26 NW Dungeness Hurricane of 501Sqn, RAF
32 14.9.1940 17:03 Hurricane Stab JG26 SE London Hurricane of 253Sqn RAF
33 15.9.1940 15:30 Hurricane Stab JG26 Thames Estuary Hurricane I (R 4087) NN-X of 310Sqn RAF, flown by Sgt. Josef Hubacek
34 18.9.1940 13:35 Hurricane Stab JG26   Hurricane of 46Sqn RAF
35 18.9.1940 13:52 Hurricane Stab JG26 W Rochester Hurricane of 46Sqn RAF
36 18.9.1940 13:55 Hurricane Stab JG26 W Rochester Hurricane of 46Sqn RAF
37 20.9.1940 12:05 Spitfire Stab JG26 S Hornchurch Spitfire of 222Sqn, RAF
38 21.9.1940 19:25 Spitfire Stab JG26 W Ashford-Canterbury Spitfire of 92Sqn, RAF
39 23.9.1940 10:45 Hurricane Stab JG26 N Rochester Hurricane of 257Sqn, RAF
40 23.9.1940 10:45 Hurricane Stab JG26 N Rochester  
41 24.9.1940 10:00 Hurricane Stab JG26 Rochester Possibly Hurricane (P3878) of 17Sqn RAF flown by HAC Bird-Wilson (5.2/3/3 victories), baled out
42 30.9.1940 18:05 Hurricane Stab JG26 S Guidford Hurricane of 303Sqn, RAF
43 8.10.1940 10:20 Spitfire Stab JG26 S Eastchurch Spitfire of 66Sqn, RAF
44 11.10.1940 17:12 Hurricane Stab JG26 Dartford/Rochester Hurricane of 253Sqn, RAF
45 11.10.1940 17:00 Spitfire Stab JG26 SE Chatham/Ashford Spitfire of 421 Flt, RAF
46 15.10.1940 13:50 Spitfire Stab JG26 S Rochester/Gillingham  
47 26.10.1940 17:30 Hurricane Stab JG26 Maidstone/S London  
48 30.10.1940 12:55 Spitfire Stab JG26 E London Spitfire of 222Sqn, RAF
49 30.10.1940 17:30 Spitfire Stab JG26 S Eastchurch/Maidstone Spitfire of 41Sqn, RAF
50 30.11.1940 17:40 Spitfire Stab JG26 Canterbury/Maidstone Spitfire of 41Sqn, RAF
51 1.11.1940 12:50 Spitfire Stab JG26 W Ashford  
52 8.11.1940 15:28 Spitfire Stab JG26 10km S Dover  
53 15.11.1940 14:15 Hurricane Stab JG26 Near Dover Hurricane of 605Sqn, RAF
54 17.11.1940 10:20 Hurricane Stab JG26 W Harwich Possibly Hurricane I (V7500) of 17Sqn flown by F/Lt Count MB Czernin (17/3.5/4.833 victories), baled out 
55 17.11.1940 10:20 Hurricane Stab JG26 20km E of “sunk” lightship Hurricane of 257Sqn, RAF
56 17.11.1940 10:15 Hurricane Stab JG26 E Harwich  
- 27.11.1940 17:07 Spitfire Stab JG26 E Kenley Spitfire of 74Sqn, RAF, unconfirmed
57 28.11.1940 15:40 Hurricane Stab JG26 Dartford Hurricane of 249Sqn, RAF
58 5.12.1940 12:30 Spitfire Stab JG26 Dover-Dungeness Spitfire of 64Sqn, RAF
59 4.4.1941 17:50 Spitfire Stab JG26 Dover-Canterbury Spitfire of 91Sqn, RAF
60 15.4.1941 17:50 Spitfire Stab JG26 30km W Dover  
61 15.4.1941 18:00 Spitfire Stab JG26 Dover-Margate Spitfire of 266Sqn, RAF
- 15.4.1941 18:00 Spitfire Stab JG26 S England Spitfire of 266Sqn, RAF, unconfirmed
62 13.6.1941 13:15 Hurricane Stab JG26 5km W Dover Hurricane of 601Sqn, RAF
63 13.6.1941 13:18 Hurricane Stab JG26 10km NE Ashford Hurricane of 601Sqn, RAF
64 16.6.1941 16:35 Hurricane Stab JG26 W Boulogne Hurricane of 258Sqn, RAF
65 17.6.1941 19:38 Hurricane Stab JG26 15km W St Omer  
66 17.6.1941 19:40 Hurricane Stab JG26 15km W St Omer  
67 18.6.1941 18:18 Spitfire Stab JG26 1km E Ardres Spitfire of 145Sqn, RAF
68 21.6.1941 12:32 Blenheim Stab JG26 Near Lumbres Blenheim of 21Sqn, RAF
- 21.6.1941 12:36 Blenheim Stab JG26 Merville Blenheim of 21Sqn, RAF, unconfirmed
69 21.6.1941 16:37 Spitfire Stab JG26 N Etaples Spitfire of 616Sqn, RAF
70 2.7.1941 12:30 Blenheim Stab JG26 Merville Blenheim of 226Sqn RAF
71 23.7.1941 13:35 Spitfire Stab JG26 40km NW Gravelines  
72 23.7.1941 20:10 Spitfire Stab JG26 Bruges  
73 23.7.1941 20:15 Spitfire Stab JG26 Bruges  
74 7.8.1941 11:23 Spitfire Stab JG26 Lumbres  
75 7.8.1941 17:40 Spitfire Stab JG26 10km NW St Omer  
76 9.8.1941 11:32 Spitfire Stab JG26 NW St Pol Spitfire of 452Sqn RAF
- 9.8.1941 17:41 Spitfire Stab JG26 N Ardres unconfirmed
77 12.8.1941 13:12 Spitfire Stab JG26 20km W Vlissingen Spitfire (P6793) of 19Sqn RAF
78 12.8.1941 13:18 Blenheim Stab JG26 W Haamstede-Scheldt Estuary Blenheim of 139Sqn RAF flown by F/L GA Herbert, 3 crew killed
79 19.8.1941 11:55 Spitfire Stab JG26 Bergues  
80 19.8.1941 19:32 Spitfire Stab JG26 NW St Omer Spitfire of 111Sqn RAF
81 19.8.1941 19:45 Hurricane Stab JG26 SE Gravelines Hurricane of 71Sqn RAF
82 4.9.1941 17:19 Blenheim Stab JG26 N St Omer Blenheim of 18Sqn, RAF
83 7.9.1941 17:19 Spitfire Stab JG26 20km W Boulogne Spitfire of 71Sqn, RAF
84 20.9.1941 16:45 Spitfire Stab JG26 Bergues-Bourbourg  
85 20.9.1941 16:55 Spitfire Stab JG26 6km NW Braye-Dunes  
86 21.9.1941 16:23 Spitfire Stab JG26 SE Etaples  
87 21.9.1941 17:35 Spitfire Stab JG26 S Dunkirk Spitfire of 111Sqn RAF
88 13.10.1941 14:17 Spitfire Stab JG26 St Omer  
89 13.10.1941 14:27 Blenheim Stab JG26 Samer Blenheim of 139Sqn, RAF
90 21.10.1941 12:54 Spitfire Stab JG26 W Samer  
91 21.10.1941 12:58 Spitfire Stab JG26 6km W Hardelot  
92 21.10.1941 18:16 Spitfire Stab JG26 15km W Boulogne Spitfire of 611Sqn RAF
93 27.10.1941 13:25 Spitfire Stab JG26 S Dunkirk Spitfire of 401Sqn RAF flown by Sgt B Hodgkinson, POW
94 8.11.1941 12:58 Spitfire Stab JG26 Near Montreuil Spitfire of 315Sqn, RAF
95 8.11.1941 13:00 Spitfire Stab JG26 10km S Hazebrouck  
96 18.11.1941 12:32 Spitfire Stab JG26 W Boulogne Spitfire of 602Sqn RAF
? 1944 - B-17 Stab G.d.J.   unconfirmed ?
? 1944 - B-17 Stab G.d.J.   unconfirmed ?
98 3.4.1945 - P-38 JV 44    
99 5.4.1945 - B-24 JV 44    
100 16.4.1945 - B-26 JV 44   with R4M rockets
101 16.4.1945 - B-26 JV 44   with R4M rockets
102 21.4.1945 - B-17 JV 44    
103 26.4.1945 11:50~ B-26 JV 44 München-Reim B-26 of 17 BG, USAAF
104 26.4.1945 11:55~ B-26 JV 44 München Reim B-26 of 17 BG, USAAF

Victories : 104
Awards : Ritterkreuz (1 August 1940)
Eichenlaub (25 September 1940)
Schwerter (21 June 1941)
http://www.luftwaffe.cz/gallanda.html

Asisbiz database list of 105 aerial victories for Adolf Galland

Date Pilot Name Unit Enemy A/C Type Height Time Location
Sunday, June 09, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27 Hawk-75A   15:55 East of Rotoy
Sunday, June 09, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27 Morane 406   16:10 13km NW Meaux
Friday, June 14, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab III./JG26 Blenheim   17:15 22km SE Vernon-Breval
Friday, June 14, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab III./JG26 Defiant   17:28 10km S evreux
Sunday, May 12, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27 Hurricane 500m 10:10 18km S Luttich
Sunday, May 12, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27 Hurricane 500m 10:20 18km S Luttich
Sunday, May 12, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27 Hurricane   15:50 7km ENE Tirlemont
Sunday, May 12, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27 Hurricane   10:10  
Thursday, May 16, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27 Spitfire I   19:30 Seclin S Lille
Sunday, May 19, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27 Potez 63   20:50 N Albert-Meaulte
Sunday, May 19, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27 Potez 63   21:45 SW Hirson
Friday, June 13, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Hurricane 3500m 13:15 5km W Dover
Friday, June 13, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Hurricane 2000m 13:18 10km NE Ashford
Monday, June 16, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Hurricane 3000m 16:35 West of Boulogne
Wednesday, June 18, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire 6500m 18:18 1½km E Ardres
Saturday, June 21, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire 3500m 12:32 S St Omer
Saturday, June 21, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire 3500m 12:36 NW St Omer
Saturday, June 21, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire 5000m 16:37 N Etaples
Monday, May 20, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27 Potez 63   20:50 S Amiens
Wednesday, May 29, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27 Blenheim   12:59 15km N Gravelines
Wednesday, May 29, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27 Blenheim   13:04 30km NW Gravelines
Sunday, June 02, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27 Spitfire   09:28 West of Dunkirk
Monday, October 27, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire   13:25 S Dunkirk
Wednesday, July 24, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab III./JG26 Spitfire 3000-2200m 13:35 30km N Margate
Thursday, July 25, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab III./JG26 Spitfire   16:17 Dover Hafen
Sunday, July 28, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab III./JG26 Hurricane 6000m 15:14 10km NNE Dover
Monday, August 12, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab III./JG26 Hurricane   12:41 NNW Margate
Wednesday, August 14, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab III./JG26 Hurricane   13:30 SW Dover
Thursday, August 15, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab III./JG26 Spitfire   12:55 10km East of Dover
Thursday, August 15, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab III./JG26 Spitfire   16:01 15km SE Folkestone
Thursday, August 15, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab III./JG26 Spitfire   16:07 20km SE Dover
Sunday, August 25, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire 3000m 19:50 Dungeness-Folkestone
Wednesday, August 28, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Defiant 2000m 10:08 E Canterbury
Saturday, August 31, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 P-40 Warhawk   09:42 20km SE Cambridge
Saturday, August 31, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire   18:50 Gravesend
Saturday, August 31, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Hurricane   19:03 Maidstone
Sunday, September 01, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Hurricane   19:55 Sudostrand London
Tuesday, September 03, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Hurricane   11:32 Chelmsford
Friday, September 06, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Hurricane   10:20 Tonbridge
Wednesday, September 11, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Hurricane   16:20 NW Dungeness
Saturday, September 14, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Hurricane   17:03 Sudostrands London
Sunday, September 15, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Hurricane   15:30 Thames Estuary
Wednesday, September 18, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Hurricane   13:35  
Wednesday, September 18, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Hurricane   13:52 West of Rochester
Wednesday, September 18, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Hurricane   13:55 West of Rochester
Friday, September 20, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire   12:05 South of Hornchurch
Saturday, September 21, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire   19:25 West of Ashford-Canterbury
Monday, September 23, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Hurricane   10:45 North of Rochester
Monday, September 23, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Hurricane   10:45 North of Rochester
Tuesday, September 24, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Hurricane   10:00 Rochester
Monday, September 30, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Hurricane   18:05 South of Guildford
Thursday, October 10, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire   10:20 South of Eastchurch
Friday, October 11, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire   17:05 SE Chatham
Friday, October 11, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Hurricane 2500m 17:12 Dartford-Rochester
Tuesday, October 15, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire   13:50 South of Rochester
Saturday, October 26, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Hurricane   17:30 Maidstone - South of London
Wednesday, October 30, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire   12:55 East of London
Wednesday, October 30, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire   17:30 South of Eastchurch-Maidstone
Wednesday, October 30, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire   17:40 Canterbury-Maidstone
Friday, November 01, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire   12:50 West of Ashford
Thursday, November 14, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire   15:28 10km South of Dover
Friday, November 15, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Hurricane   10:28 bei Dover
Sunday, November 17, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Hurricane   10:20 West of Harwich
Sunday, November 17, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Hurricane 1-1500m 10:27 20km E versengt Leucht
Wednesday, November 27, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire 8000m 17:00 5km East of Detling
Thursday, November 28, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Hurricane 6500m 15:40 Dartford
Thursday, December 05, 1940 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire 2000m 12:30 Dover-Dungeness
Tuesday, June 17, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Hurricane 3500m 19:38 15km W St Omer
Tuesday, June 17, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Hurricane 3500m 19:40 5km SE Boulogne
Friday, April 04, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire 1200m 17:50 zw Dover-Canterbury
Tuesday, April 15, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire 3800m 17:50 30km vor Dover
Tuesday, April 15, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire 4500m 18:00 zw Dover u Margate
Wednesday, July 02, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Blenheim 4000m 12:30 bei Merville
Wednesday, July 23, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire 10m 13:35 40km NW Gravelines
Wednesday, July 23, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire 7000m 20:10 bei Fruges
Wednesday, July 23, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire 6500m 20:15 bei Fruges
Thursday, August 07, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire   11:23 Lumbres
Thursday, August 07, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire   17:40 10km NW St Omer
Saturday, August 09, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire   11:32 NW St Pol
Saturday, August 09, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire 5000m 17:44 N Ardres
Saturday, August 09, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire   17:41 N Ardres
Tuesday, August 12, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire 200m 13:12 20-25km W Vlissinghen
Tuesday, August 12, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Blenheim   13:18 Scheldemundung W Haamstede
Tuesday, August 19, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire   19:32 NW St Omer
Tuesday, August 19, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Hurricane   19:45 SE Gravelines
Tuesday, August 19, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire   11:55 Bergues
Thursday, September 04, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Blenheim IV   17:19 N St Omer
Sunday, September 07, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire   17:19  
Saturday, September 20, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire   16:45 Bergues-Bourbourg
Saturday, September 20, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire   16:55 6km NW Bray-Dunes
Sunday, September 21, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire   16:23 SE Etaples
Sunday, September 21, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire   17:35 S Dunkirk
Monday, October 13, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire   14:17 St Omer
Monday, October 13, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Blenheim   14:27 Samer
Tuesday, October 21, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire   12:54 West of Samer
Tuesday, October 21, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire   12:58 6km W Hardelot
Tuesday, October 21, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire   18:16 15km W Boulogne
Saturday, November 08, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire   12:58  
Saturday, November 08, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire   13:00  
Tuesday, November 18, 1941 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Spitfire   12:32 20km W Boulogne
Monday, April 16, 1945 Adolf Galland JV44 B-26 Marauder   - Raum Lanberg
Monday, April 16, 1945 Adolf Galland JV44 B-26 Marauder   - Raum Lanberg
Saturday, April 21, 1945 Adolf Galland JV44 B-17 Fortress   - -
Thursday, April 26, 1945 Adolf Galland JV44 B-26 Marauder   - Raum Neuburg
Thursday, April 26, 1945 Adolf Galland JV44 B-26 Marauder   - Raum Neuburg

 Some of the most widely used Book References:

  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase One: July-August 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 1) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Eddie J Creek (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Two: August-September 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 2) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Three: September-October 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 3) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Four: November 1940-June 1941 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 4) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)

 Some of the most widely used Magazine References:

  • Airfix Magazines (English) - http://www.airfix.com/
  • Avions (French) - http://www.aerostories.org/~aerobiblio/rubrique10.html
  • FlyPast (English) - http://www.flypast.com/
  • Flugzeug Publikations GmbH (German) - http://vdmedien.com/flugzeug-publikations-gmbh-hersteller_verlag-vdm-heinz-nickel-33.html
  • Flugzeug Classic (German) - http://www.flugzeugclassic.de/
  • Klassiker (German) - http://shop.flugrevue.de/abo/klassiker-der-luftfahrt
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://boutique.editions-lariviere.fr/site/abonnement-le-fana-de-l-aviation-626-4-6.html
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://www.pdfmagazines.org/tags/Le+Fana+De+L+Aviation/
  • Osprey (English) - http://www.ospreypublishing.com/
  • Revi Magazines (Czech) - http://www.revi.cz/

This webpage was updated 27th October 2015

Editor for Asisbiz: Matthew Laird Acred
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