RBAF
Bulgarian Air Force - Vazdushni Voyski

Messerschmitt Bf 109G2 RBuAF 682e escadrille 3.6 groupe Black 28 Stoyan Stoyanaov Karlovo 1943

18 Replic profiles by Thierry Dekker

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G2 RBuAF Gr3/6 Dimitar Spisarevski Yelow 2 Sofia Bulgaria 1943

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G2 RBuAF (W5+) 1945<

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G6 RBuAF (x6) Bulgaria

Profiles and Photo Data: Dimitar Spisarevski was a Bulgarian fighter pilot known for taking down an American bomber by ramming it during the bombing of Sofia in World War II. Born: June 19, 1916, Dobrich, Bulgaria and Died: December 20, 1943

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-2 RBuAF 6FG White (x2) Bulgaria 1944

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G6 Erla 3/6 Orljak White 7 Stoyan Stoyanov Kdr on patrol Bulgaria early 1944

Flugzeug Classic Messerschmitt Bf 109 ISBN 978-3-86245-409-9

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-6 Erla RBuAF 6FG White (x7) Bulgaria 1944

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-6 RBuAF 6FG (x8) Polk Bulgaria 1944

Sofia Bulgaria Map

Bulgarien Air Force - Vazdushni Voyski

World War II (1939–1945)

At the beginning of World War II, the combat air fleet comprised 374 machines in various roles. In addition orders were placed for 10 Messerschmitt Bf 109E-4 fighters, 11 Dornier Do 17M/P bombers, 6 Messerschmitt Bf 108 light liaison and utility aircraft, 24 Arado Ar 96B-2 and 14 Bücker-Bestmann Bü 131 trainers.

The Air Force order of battle comprised the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th Army Aviation Orlyaks (Army Air Groups or air regiments), each attached to the correspondingly-numbered field army. Each orlyak had a fighter, a line bomber and two reconnaissance yatos (Squadrons). There was also an Independent Aviation corps, which combined the 5th Bomber and 6th Fighter Regiments. The training units consisted of the "Junker" School Orlyak at Vrazhdebna airfield, the 2nd Training Orlyak at Telish airfield (called the Blind Flying Training School) and the 3rd Training Orlyak at Stara Zagora airfield. In 1940, the Bulgarian aviation industry provided the HMAT with 42 DAR-9, 45 KB-5 aircraft and the serial production of the KB-6 - Bulgaria's first twin-engined aircraft was scheduled to commence. At year's end the Air Force had 595 aircraft (258 combat) and 10 287 personnel.

The Kingdom of Bulgaria entered World War II on 1 March 1941 as a German ally. Under the signed treaty Bulgaria allowed the use of its territory as a staging point for the invasion of Yugoslavia and Greece and some minor logistical support.

Despite the impressive inventory, Bulgaria's fighter force at the time consisted of 91 machines, with just 10 of them being of the modern Bf 109E-4 type. Further 11 were of the outdated PZL.24B; the remaining numbers were of the Avia B.534 biplane types. The ground-based air defenses were made up of only 8 88 mm (3.5 in) and 6 20 mm (0.79 in) AA guns. To help its new ally the 12th Army of the Wehrmacht offered support with its air and air defense assets and 8 Freya-type radars dispersed throughout the country. A dispersed observation and reporting system was gradually developed.

The first air strike against Bulgarian targets was carried out by 4 Yugoslav Dornier Do.17Kb-1 on 6 April 1941 on the city of Kyustendil and its railway station killing 47 and injuring 95, mostly civilians. The air strikes intensifying following days; British Royal Air Force units based in Greece participated in the attacks as well. At the end of April 2 and 5th Bulgarian armies occupied Greek and Yugoslav territories according to an agreement with the Third Reich. As a part of the joint armed forces' effort on June 26, 1941 6 Avia B.71 and 9 Dornier Do 17M bombers were transferred to the Badem Chiflik airfield near Kavala (in modern Greece). They were tasked with ASW patrols and air support for Italian shipping over the adjacent area of the Aegean Sea. In addition 9 Letov Š.328s based in Badem Chiflik provided the ground troops with air reconnaissance. At the Black Sea shores the "Galata" Fighter Orlyak was established at NAS Chaika, Varna, with the 10 Bf 109E-4s and 6 Avia B.534s. The S.328s were also used for ASW patrols over the Black Sea, flying out of the Sarafovo and Balchik airfields. At the end of 1941 the inventory of His Majesty's Air Troops consisted of 609 aircraft of 40 different types.

 

 Some of the most widely used Book References:

  • Fledgling Eagles: Luftwaffe Training Aircraft 1933-1945 (Classic Colours) by Barry Ketley ISBN-13: 978-1906537050 ISBN-10: 1906537054
  • Jagdwaffe: The Mediterranean 1942-1943, Vol. 4 (Luftwaffe Colours) First Edition by Jean-louis Roba (Author), Martin Pegg (Author) ISBN-13: 978-1903223352 ISBN-10: 1903223350
  • Jagdwaffe: The Mediterranean 1943-1945- Volume 4, Section 4 (Luftwaffe Colours) by Jean-Louis Roba (Author) ISBN-13: 978-1903223376 ISBN-10: 1903223377
  • Jadgwaffe: The War in Russia January - October 1942 (Luftwaffe Colours, Vol. 3, Section 4) by Erik Mombeek (Author), Christer Bergström (Author), Martin Pegg (Contributor) ISBN-13: 978-1903223239 ISBN-10: 1903223237
  • Jagdwaffe: Barbarossa, June-December 1941 (Luftwaffe Colours, Vol. 3, Section 2) by Eric Mombeek (Author) ISBN-13: 978-1903223215 ISBN-10: 1903223210
  • Messershcmitt Bf 109s Over the Mediterranean. Part 1 (Mini Topcolors) Paperback – June, 2013 by Maciej Goralczyk (Author), Arkadiusz Wrobel (Author)
  • BF 109 G/K: v. 2 (Monographs) Paperback – December 15, 2009 by Krzysztof Janowicz (Author)
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109F (Top Colors Series KG15019) Paperback – March, 2011 by Maciej Góralczyk (Author)
  • Luftwaffe Over Sevastopol (Air Battles) Paperback – January, 2010 by Marek Murawski (Author)
  • Luftwaffe over the Far North Part 1 (Minitopcolors) Paperback – February, 2013 by Maciej Góralczyk (Author)

 Some of the most widely used Magazine References:

  • Airfix Magazines (English) - http://www.airfix.com/
  • Avions (French) - http://www.aerostories.org/~aerobiblio/rubrique10.html
  • FlyPast (English) - http://www.flypast.com/
  • Flugzeug Publikations GmbH (German) - http://vdmedien.com/flugzeug-publikations-gmbh-hersteller_verlag-vdm-heinz-nickel-33.html
  • Flugzeug Classic (German) - http://www.flugzeugclassic.de/
  • Klassiker (German) - http://shop.flugrevue.de/abo/klassiker-der-luftfahrt
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://boutique.editions-lariviere.fr/site/abonnement-le-fana-de-l-aviation-626-4-6.html
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://www.pdfmagazines.org/tags/Le+Fana+De+L+Aviation/
  • Osprey (English) - http://www.ospreypublishing.com/
  • Revi Magazines (Czech) - http://www.revi.cz/