Stab IV Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 4 - Stab IV./JG4

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-10 Stab IV./JG4 flown by Hauptmann Franz Wienhusen, Finsterwalde Germany Nov 1944

I. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 4 - I./JG4

1. Staffel I. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 4 - 1./JG4

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-2 1./JG4 (White 1+) Germany 1944

2. Staffel I. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 4 - 2./JG4

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-6 2./JG4 (B11+) Friedrich Schwab Italy 1944

3. Staffel I. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 4 - 3./JG4

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-2 3./JG4 (Y2+) Uffz. Kurt 'Poldi' Leopold Ploiești, Prahova, Romania August 1943

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-6/R3 3./JG4 (Y4+) Rene Darbois WNr 160756 Italy

Flugzeug Classic Messerschmitt Bf 109 ISBN 978-3-86245-409-9

Messerschmitt Bf 109G-6/R3 3./JG4 'Yellow 4' WNr 160765 KT+LU flown by Unteroffizier René Darbois who deserted to Italy

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-2 3./JG4 Yellow 5 Hermann Weber named 'Wiski' Ploesti 1943

18 Replic profiles by Thierry Dekker

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-2 3./JG4 Yellow 5+ named 'Wisky' Lt. Hermann Weber Ploiești, Prahova, Romania August 1943

Messerschmitt Me-109G2 3./JG4 Fw. Albert Palm 'Mauschen' was involved in the attack against the Tidal Wave's B-24 on August 1st, 1943 over Ploesti

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-2 3./JG4 Yellow 2 Kurt 'Poldi' Leopold aircraft named 'Peterle' based in Ploesti 1943

18 Replic profiles by Thierry Dekker

II. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 4 - II./JG4

4 Staffel II Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 4 - 4./JG4

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-6 4./JG4 (White 1+) Germany 1945

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-6 4./JG4 (White 4+) WNr 331413 Germany 1944

III. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 4 - III./JG4

9 Staffel III Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 4 - 9./JG4

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-10 9./JG4 (W10+~) Germany 1944

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-10 9./JG4 (W11+~) Germany 1944

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-10 9./JG4 (W12+~) Germany 1944

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-10 9./JG4 (W13+~) Germany 1944

IV. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 4 - IV./JG4

10 Staffel IV. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 4 - 10./JG4

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-14 10./JG 4 (Black 4+I) WNr 781308 flown by Lt. Hans-Helmut Linck Alteno airfield Germany 11th September 1944

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-14 10./JG4 (Black 8+I) Rolf Schlegel Germany late 1944

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-14 10./JG4 (Black 8+~) Frankfurt Germany 1944

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-14 10./JG4 (Black 10+~) Frankfurt Germany 1944

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-14 10./JG4 (Black 11+~) Frankfurt Germany 1944

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-14 10./JG4 (Black 12+~) Frankfurt Germany 1944

11 Staffel IV. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 4 - 11./JG4

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-10 11./JG4 (Y10+~) Germany 1944

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-10 11./JG4 (Y11+~) Germany 1944

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-10 11./JG4 (Y12+~) Germany 1944

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-10 11./JG4 (Y13+~) Germany 1944

12 Staffel IV. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 4 - 12./JG4

Messerschmitt Bf 109G6 12./JG4 (Blue 8+) flown by Wilhelm Wohlgemuth WNr 441666 Oberhof - Thüringen Germany 11th Sept 1944

Profile Data: Flugzeug Classic 2007-12

ETO - EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (8AF): Two missions are flown.

Mission 623: 1,131bombers and 440 fighters are dispatched to hit synthetic oil plants and refineries in Germany; AAF encounters an estimated 525 Luftwaffe fighters; 40 bombers and 17 fighters are lost; AAF claim 115-7-23 aircraft in the air and 42-0-43 on the ground: 1. 384 B-17s are dispatched to hit oil refineries at Bohlen (75), Chemnitz (75), Brux (39) and Ruhland (22); the Chemnitz force is an Operation FRANTIC force that along with 64 P-51s, continues on and lands in the USSR; targets of opportunity are a tire plant at Fulda (66), a marshalling yard at Fulda (40) and 16 others; they claim 12-16-1 aircraft; 16 B-17s are lost, 3 damaged beyond repair and 94 damaged; 2 airmen are KIA, 4 WIA and 153 MIA. Escort is provided by 252 of 275 P-51s; they claim 57-2-12 aircraft in the air and 26-0-25 on the ground; 4 P-51s are lost, 2 damaged beyond repair and 5 damaged; 4 pilots are MIA. 2. 351 B-17s are dispatched to hit oil refineries at Merseburg (111) and Lutzkendorf (96); targets of opportunity hit are Eisennach (71), Labejum (12), Rossla (6) and 25 others; they claim 1-1-2 aircraft; 13 B-17s are lost, 2 damaged beyond repair and 106 damaged; 2 airmen are KIA, 21 WIA and 120 MIA. Escort is provided by 247 P-47s and P-51s; they claim 13-0-1 aircraft in the air and 4-0-2 on the ground; 3 P-51s are lost, 2 damaged beyond repair and 2 P-47s and 4 P-51s damaged; 3 pilots are MIA. 3. 396 B-24s are dispatched to hit an engine factory at Hannover (88), oil refineries at Misburg (87) and Magdeburg (33) and an ordinance depot at Magdeburg (27); targets of opportunity hit are Magdeburg (70), Stendal (45), Diepholz (9) and 3 others; they claim 4-8-1 aircraft; 10 B-24s are lost, 2 damaged beyond repair and 179 damaged; 1airman is KIA, 13 WIA and 102 MIA. Escort is provided by 164 P-38s and P-51s; they claim 45-5-10 aircraft in the air and 12-0-16 on the ground; 10 P-51s are lost, 4 damaged beyond repair and 7 damaged; 14 pilots are MIA.

14 Staffel IV. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 4 - 14./JG4

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-14/AS Erla 14.JG4 (Black 13+~) Ernst Scheufele Reinersdorf Nov 1944

Source Profile: Messerschmitt Bf 109 G Over Germany: Pt. 1 (Topcolors 15002) (Author) Marek J Murawski, Arkadiusz Wrobel ISBN 978-83-60445-98-3

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-14/AS Erla 14./JG4 (Black 13+~) Ernst Scheufele Reinersdorf Germany Oct 1944

Profile Source Mark Styling http://www.markstyling.com/index.htm

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-10 14./JG4 (W3+~) Ernst Laube Germany 1945

Messerschmitt Bf 109G-14AS 14./JG4 (B2+~) Ernst Scheufele Germany 1944

Messerschmitt Bf 109G-14AS 14./JG4 (B13+~) Ernst Scheufele Germany 1944

 
 IL-2 Sturmovik series 'Battle of Stalingrad' and 'Battle of Moscow' - BOS game skins
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Luftwaffe Badge

Franz Wienhusen

Units: 3./JG-77 (6/41), Stfkpt 5./JG-5 (7/43), 4./JGr Ost (7/44), Kdr II./JG-5 (9/44), Kdr IV./JG-4 (10/44)

Awards: EP, EK 1 & 2, Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Bf 109E 'Yellow 1' in 3/JG-77, Bf 109F & G in JG-77, Bf 109G-6 (7/43 in JG-5), Bf 109G-10 WNr 130282 'White 21' (lost 12/3/44) in JG-4

Remarks: KIA 3 December, 1944 after taking a flak hit near Aachen. Buried at Hürtgenwald-Vossenack Cem., found in 1993). He was killed making low level attacks against ground forces. He and 15 other German pilots, including Ernst Scheuffele, of IV and I Groups failed to return. WIA 20 July, 1943 during aerial combat with Soviet fighters southeast of Varde (Source: SIG Norway). One known victory, his 1st, a Blenheim 30 km S of Stavanger on 5 July, 1941. His 2nd, a Hudson W of Bergen on 5 August, 1941. One known while in JGr Ost, a B-24 N of Neuhausel on 7 July, 1944. Magnus, 12 victories. Bowers/Lednicer, 12 victories.

Asisbiz database list of 3 out of 12 aerial victories for Franz Wienhusen

Date Name Unit A/c Type Height Time Comments
05-Jul-41 Franz Wienhusen 3./JG77 Blenheim   11.52 S. Stavanger
05-Aug-41 Franz Wienhusen 3./JG77 Hudson 6300m 13.31 W. Bergen
07-Jul-44 Franz Wienhusen 4./JGr./Ost B-24 Liberator 10m 12.40 14 Ost N/DR-19 (N. Neuhausel)

Luftwaffe Badge

Kurt 'Poldi' Leopold

Units: EJG-Süd., I./JG-4 (1/44)

Awards: Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Fw 190A, Bf 109G-6 WNr 161035 (lost 2/6/44)

Remarks: POW 6 February, 1944 after being shot down by a Spitfire over Nettuno Italy (JG-4 Report). Flugbuch (4/41 to 1/44).

Luftwaffe Badge

René Darbois

Units: JG-103 (Chatereau & Orleans 5/44), Erg./JG-1, ERG West (Stargard 6/44), 3./JG-4 (Italy)

Awards: Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Bf 109G-6/R3 WNr 160765 'Yellow 4'

Remarks: Deserted on 25 July, 1944, during an aircraft transfer flight from Maniago to Ghedi, flying his AC to Santa Maria, Italy and joined with the French Air Force. Prior to his assignment to JG-4, he was assigned briefly to JG-54 and JG-77. He flew with the French under the name Guyot. After the war, he became a member of the French aerobatics team 'Patrouille d'Etampes'. He also participated in the Indochina War, flying 122 helicopter missions. After returning from Southeast Asia, he committed suicide on 14 February, 1955. This AC today is on display at the National Airspace Museum in Washington as 'White 2' of 7/JG-27. Another source says the Werk # is 160756. Jager Blatt article.

Luftwaffe Badge

Albert Palm

MTO - EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN (9th Air Force): In Rumania, 177 B-24's, of the IX BC (including B-24's on loan from the 8AF) are dispatched to bomb oil refineries at Ploesti and nearby Campina. The operation (TIDALWAVE) is costly, 54 planes and 532 airmen are lost, but damage to the targets is severe. 5 Medal of Honors are awarded for this mission.

Awards: DK-G, EP, EK 1 & 2, Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Bf 109E & F in the S.U., Fw 190A, Bf 109G-2, Me 262

Remarks: Two known victories, both P-51's on 2 February, 1944; one 10 km N of Valmontone, the other 15 km S of Valmontone. Magnus Report. His first known Soviet victory, an SB-2 on 15 January, 1942. A 2nd, a Pe-2 on 27 May, 1942. A Soviet LaGG-3 on 8 June, 1942. A triple on 10 June, 1942; two Vultee-11's and an Il-2. An Il-2 on 2 July, 1942. Two Il-2's on 5 July, 1942. His 24th, a B-24 in the Ploesti area on 1 August, 1943 (Perry Claims).

Asisbiz database list of 12 aerial victories for Albert Palm

Date Name Unit A/c Type Height Time Comments
15-Jan-42 Albert Palm 8./JG77 SB-2   10.35  
27-May-42 Albert Palm 8./JG77 Pe-2   15.40  
08-Jun-42 Albert Palm 8./JG77 LaGG-3      
10-Jun-42 Albert Palm 8./JG77 Vultee-11 1200m 05.55 8915
10-Jun-42 Albert Palm 8./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
  11.10  
10-Jun-42 Albert Palm 8./JG77 Vultee-11   05.50  
02-Jul-42 Albert Palm 8./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
     
05-Jul-42 Albert Palm 8./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
     
05-Jul-42 Albert Palm 8./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
     
01-Aug-43 Albert Palm 3./JG4 B-24 Liberator   14.30+ Ploesti Raum
02-Feb-44 Albert Palm 3./JG4 P-51 Mustang 200m 13.20 15km S Valmontone
02-Feb-44 Albert Palm 3./JG4 P-51 Mustang 1000m 13.18 10km N Valmontone

Luftwaffe Badge

Friedrich 'Fritz' Schwab

Units: 3./JG-4 (2/42) 1./JG-4 12/44 to 4/45)

Awards: EK 1 & 2, Wound Badge, Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Fw 190A, Bf 109G-6 WNr 410752 (lost 1/24/44)

Remarks: WIA 24 January, 1944 during aerial combat at Nettuno Italy (JG-4 Report). One known victory, a B-24N Liberator of Padau on 16 January, 1944. A 2nd, a 'Jager' north of Monte Cassino on 21 January, 1944. A 3rd, a P-38 on 26 November, 1944, no location given (Perry Claims). A 4th, a P-47 on 2 December, 1944, no location given (Perry Claims). Flugbuch. Bf 109G-6 WNr 410752 (lost 1/24/44)

Asisbiz database list of aerial 4 victories for Friedrich Schwab

Date Name Unit A/c Type Height Time Comments
Sunday, January 16, 1944 Friedrich Schwab 3./JG4 B-24 Liberator   12:35ca: North of Padua
Friday, January 21, 1944 Friedrich Schwab 3./JG4 Jager     North of Monte Cassino
Sunday, November 26, 1944 Friedrich Schwab 1./JG4 P-38 Lightning Low Level 09:30± -
Saturday, December 02, 1944 Friedrich Schwab 1./JG4 P-47 Thunderbolt 8000m 09:30± -

Luftwaffe Badge

Hermann Weber

Awards: EK 2, Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Fw 190A

Remarks: One known victory, a P-47 at St Vith-Billingen on 17 December, 1944.

Asisbiz database list of 1 aerial victories for Hermann Weber

Date Name Unit A/c Type Height Time Comments
17-Dec-44 Hermann Weber Stab III./JG4 P-47 Thunderbolt 300m 10.06 PN (St Vith-Billingen)

Ploiești, Prahova, Romania Map

III./JG4 and IV./JG4 - Jagdschutz der Reichsverteidigung

Messerschmitts des JG4 als Begleitjager der Sturmgruppen

Tarnschemen der Messerschmitt Bf-109-G6, G10, G14 und K4 Jagdeinsitzer der Luftwaffe wahrend ihrer Einsatze als Begleitjager der Focke Wulf Fw-190 Sturmgruppen des Jagdgeschwader 4

'III./JG4 - Jagdschutz der Reichsverteidigung'

Zur Geschichte / History of III./JG4

Im Sommer 1944 bildete die Luftwaffenfuhrung in in Salzwedel bei Kassel aus der Stabsgruppe und der schon bekannten 'Sturmstaffel 1' des Majors von Kornatzki eine neue II. Gruppe. Diese neu entstandene Gruppe wurde mit schwer gepanzerten und bewaffneten FW 190A-8/R2 nach dem Muster der Major von Kornatzki gefuhrten 'Sturmstaffel 1' ausgerustet. Diese Einheit war direkt fur den Kampf gegen die schweren amerikanischen Bombereinheiten bestimmt und sie erhielt wie ahnliche Einheiten des Jagdgeschwader 3 die Bezeichnung 'Sturmgruppe'.

Im gleichen Zeitraum erfolgte auch die Neuaufstellung der III. Gruppe, die ausgerustet mit Messerschmitt Bf-109 G6, G10 und G14 Jagern (spater Bf-109 K4) vorwiegend den Jagdschutz fur die gepanzerte 'Sturmgruppe' ubernahm. Von der 'Sturmstaffel 1' ubernahm das Jagdgeschwader 4 nun auch das 'schwarz-wei?-schwarze' Reichsverteidigungsband (RVT) zur Kennzeichnung der Zugehorigkeit 'Reichsverteidigung'.

Im Herbst 1944 erlitt die II. (Sturm) Gruppe und III. Gruppe bei heftigen Abwehrkampfen gegen stark uberlegene alliierte Jagd- und Bomberverbande enorme Verluste. Unter der Fuhrung von Major Gerhard Michalski konnten die zumeist ohne Kampf Erfahrung neu zugeteilten Piloten trotzdem beachtliche Erfolge erzielen.

Im Oktober 1944 entstand aus einem Teil des JG4 die IV. Gruppe, ausgerustet wie der Gro?teil des JG4 mit Messerschmitt Bf-109. Ab November 1944 operierte das JG4 dann von Flugplatzen um Frankfurt am Main aus.

Um die schwer gepanzerten Focke Wulf Bomberjager zu schutzen, stellte die III. Staffel des Jagdgeschwader 4 Messerschmitt Jageinsitzer bereit, welche die Spitfires, Mustangs und Thunderbolts des Bomber Jagdschutzes in Kurvenkampfe verwickelten, damit die Sturmjager uberhaupt Chancen hatten die Bomber mit ihrer vollen Feuerkraft angreifen zu konnen.

Die folgenden Bemalungen betreffen Flugzeuge die an dem verlustreichen Bodenangriff nahe Stollberg bei Aachen am 3. Dezember 1944 des JG4 beteiligt waren. Neben dem Verlust von Hauptmann Franz Wienhusen verstarben weitere 16 Piloten bei dem fatalen Versuch mit leicht gepanzerten Jagdflugzeugen Bodenangriffe gegen sehr gut verteidigte Bodenverbande zu fliegen. Trotz massiver Versuche von Hauptmann Wienhusen seine 'Mosquitojager' nicht in diese unsinnige Mission zu schicken flogen Verbande des Stab der III. und IV. Gruppen in ihr Verderben. Herr Mombeek beschreibt in seinem Buch Sturmjager, Volumen 2 sehr bewegend die Erlebnisse von beteiligten Piloten, wie z.B. von Oberleutnant Ernst Scheufele, der verwundet beim Angriff auf einem Rubenfeld notlandete und fur den der Krieg danach in Gefangenschaft endete.

Wahrend der schweren Einsatze im Rahmen der Ardennenoffensive und der "Operation Bodenplatte" wurde das Geschwader sehr stark dezimiert. Seine Angriffsziele wahrend der "Operation Bodenplatte" Lowen und Le Culot konnte es nicht einmal erreichen.

Mitte Januar 1945 wurde das Geschwader erneut verlegt und bekam den Einsatzraum Guben-Juterbog zugeteilt. Dort kam es zu sehr schweren und verlustreichen Luftkampfen um die russischen Bruckenkopfe an der Oder. Die II.( Sturm) Gruppe mit ihren Focke Wulf Fw-190 Flugzeugen flog ihre letzten Angriffe gegen die Sowjetische Arme und deren VVS bei Berlin.

Die noch kampffahigen Teile zogen sich im April 1945 nach Schleswig-Holstein zuruck, wo das JG4 bei Kriegsende am 8. Mai 1945 kapitulierte und aufgelost wurde.

Eine kurze und pragnante Zusammenfassung der Geschichte findet ihr auf den bekannten Seiten von Michael Holm auf Luftwaffe - 1933 -1945 und dem Direktlink zum Jagdgeschwader 4.

'III./JG4 - Jagdschutz der Reichsverteidigung'

Paintschemes of the Messerschmitt Bf-109-G6, G10, G14 and K4 Single Fighter of the Luftwaffe during their task as Top Cover for the Focke Wulf Fw-190 Storm groups of JG4

In Autumn 1944 the II. (Assault) Group and the III. Group suffered heavy loses fighting the overwhelming allied Fighter and Bomber formations. Under the command of Major (at this time) Gerhard Michalski the mostly inexperienced pilots was although capable to achieve remarkable success, which anyway didn't change the drainage and the downfall of the Luftwaffe.

In Summer 1944 the Luftwaffe formed in Salzwedel area city of Kassel a new II. Group out of the staff group and the already well know outlaw unit 'Sturmstaffel 1' commanded by Mayor von Kornatzki. This new Group was now equipped with heavily armoured Focke Wulf 190 A8/R2 Assault Fighters assigned to fight the heavy American Bomber formations and was named like similar units of Jagdgeschwader 3 'Udet' as so called 'Sturmgruppe' (Assault Group).

During the same time III. Group was also newly formed and reequipped with Messerschmitt Bf-109 G6, G10 and G14 Fighters (later Bf-109 K4) focussing mainly to flew top cover for the Assault Fighters of the 'Sturmgruppe'. For recognition the Jagdgeschwader 4 uses the marking band of 'Sturmstaffel 1', the 'black-white-black' Reichsverteidigungsband (RVT) to identify to unit as part of the Reich's Defence.

In October 1944 a part of JG4 formed the IV. Group that was equipped with Messerschmitt Bf-109 Fighters. Beginning from November 1944 JG4 flew its mission now from Frankfurt am Main area.

To ensure a protection of the heavy armoured Focke Wulf Bomber killers, Jagdgeschwader 4 ordered its III. Echelon of Messerschmitt Fighters as Top Cover and to engage the Spitfires, Mustangs and Thunderbolt Fighters of the Bomber Protection Squads in Turn Fights to ensure that the Storm fighters will in any case have a have a chance to engage their firepower on to the endless Bomber formations.

The following paint schemes are related to a fatal mission during JG4 suffers heavy losses due to anti aircraft fire executing a level attack on advancing allied forces in the area of Stollberg near the German city of Aachen on December 3, 1944. Till the very last moment the commanding officer of IV./JG4 Hauptmann Franz Wienhusen tried to arrange a withdraw of the order, trying to prevent heavy losses to his only light armoured Wing of 'Mosquito Hunters'. But he failed and so together with Staff and the III. Group of JG4 flew in a perdition for at least 16 pilots that died together with Hauptmann Wienhusen. Eric Mombeek, author of the Book Sturmjager, Volume 2 describes this fatal incident in touching words of for example Oberleutnant Ernst Scheufele who was taken prisoner after belly landing his damaged Aircraft in a Beet field on that very Day.

During the operations around the Battle of the Bulge and 'Operation Bodenplatte' the wings of Jagdgeschwader 4 was again heavily decimated. Even it's main targets Lowen and Le Culot JG4 the units failed to reach during "Operation Bodenplatte".

Mid of January 1945 the Squadron was relocated to the area of Guben-Juterbog . There again the Groups suffers heavy loses fighting the Russian bridge heads on the River Oder. The II. (Assault) Group with its Focke Wulf planes flew their last sorties against the soviet armies and VVS around the area of Berlin. In April 1945 withdrawal to Schleswig-Holstein the Jagdgeschwader 4 was disbanded on May 8th, 1945.

Kommandeure des Jagdgeschwaders / Commanding Officers of Squadron

Major Gerhard Schopfel 15.06.1944 - 06.08.1944
Oberstleutnant Gerhard Michalski 07.08.1944 - 08.05.1945

III./JG4 and IV./JG4 - Jagdschutz der Reichsverteidigung

Messerschmitts des JG4 als Begleitjager der Sturmgruppen

Tarnschemen der Messerschmitt Bf-109-G6, G10, G14 und K4 Jagdeinsitzer der Luftwaffe wahrend ihrer Einsatze als Begleitjager der Focke Wulf Fw-190 Sturmgruppen des Jagdgeschwader 4

'III./JG4 - Jagdschutz der Reichsverteidigung'

Zur Geschichte / History of III./JG4

Im Sommer 1944 bildete die Luftwaffenfuhrung in in Salzwedel bei Kassel aus der Stabsgruppe und der schon bekannten 'Sturmstaffel 1' des Majors von Kornatzki eine neue II. Gruppe. Diese neu entstandene Gruppe wurde mit schwer gepanzerten und bewaffneten FW 190A-8/R2 nach dem Muster der Major von Kornatzki gefuhrten 'Sturmstaffel 1' ausgerustet. Diese Einheit war direkt fur den Kampf gegen die schweren amerikanischen Bombereinheiten bestimmt und sie erhielt wie ahnliche Einheiten des Jagdgeschwader 3 die Bezeichnung 'Sturmgruppe'.

Im gleichen Zeitraum erfolgte auch die Neuaufstellung der III. Gruppe, die ausgerustet mit Messerschmitt Bf-109 G6, G10 und G14 Jagern (spater Bf-109 K4) vorwiegend den Jagdschutz fur die gepanzerte 'Sturmgruppe' ubernahm. Von der 'Sturmstaffel 1' ubernahm das Jagdgeschwader 4 nun auch das 'schwarz-wei?-schwarze' Reichsverteidigungsband (RVT) zur Kennzeichnung der Zugehorigkeit 'Reichsverteidigung'.

Im Herbst 1944 erlitt die II. (Sturm) Gruppe und III. Gruppe bei heftigen Abwehrkampfen gegen stark uberlegene alliierte Jagd- und Bomberverbande enorme Verluste. Unter der Fuhrung von Major Gerhard Michalski konnten die zumeist ohne Kampf Erfahrung neu zugeteilten Piloten trotzdem beachtliche Erfolge erzielen.

Im Oktober 1944 entstand aus einem Teil des JG4 die IV. Gruppe, ausgerustet wie der Gro?teil des JG4 mit Messerschmitt Bf-109. Ab November 1944 operierte das JG4 dann von Flugplatzen um Frankfurt am Main aus.

Um die schwer gepanzerten Focke Wulf Bomberjager zu schutzen, stellte die III. Staffel des Jagdgeschwader 4 Messerschmitt Jageinsitzer bereit, welche die Spitfires, Mustangs und Thunderbolts des Bomber Jagdschutzes in Kurvenkampfe verwickelten, damit die Sturmjager uberhaupt Chancen hatten die Bomber mit ihrer vollen Feuerkraft angreifen zu konnen.

Die folgenden Bemalungen betreffen Flugzeuge die an dem verlustreichen Bodenangriff nahe Stollberg bei Aachen am 3. Dezember 1944 des JG4 beteiligt waren. Neben dem Verlust von Hauptmann Franz Wienhusen verstarben weitere 16 Piloten bei dem fatalen Versuch mit leicht gepanzerten Jagdflugzeugen Bodenangriffe gegen sehr gut verteidigte Bodenverbande zu fliegen. Trotz massiver Versuche von Hauptmann Wienhusen seine 'Mosquitojager' nicht in diese unsinnige Mission zu schicken flogen Verbande des Stab der III. und IV. Gruppen in ihr Verderben. Herr Mombeek beschreibt in seinem Buch Sturmjager, Volumen 2 sehr bewegend die Erlebnisse von beteiligten Piloten, wie z.B. von Oberleutnant Ernst Scheufele, der verwundet beim Angriff auf einem Rubenfeld notlandete und fur den der Krieg danach in Gefangenschaft endete.

Wahrend der schweren Einsatze im Rahmen der Ardennenoffensive und der "Operation Bodenplatte" wurde das Geschwader sehr stark dezimiert. Seine Angriffsziele wahrend der "Operation Bodenplatte" Lowen und Le Culot konnte es nicht einmal erreichen.

Mitte Januar 1945 wurde das Geschwader erneut verlegt und bekam den Einsatzraum Guben-Juterbog zugeteilt. Dort kam es zu sehr schweren und verlustreichen Luftkampfen um die russischen Bruckenkopfe an der Oder. Die II.( Sturm) Gruppe mit ihren Focke Wulf Fw-190 Flugzeugen flog ihre letzten Angriffe gegen die Sowjetische Arme und deren VVS bei Berlin.

Die noch kampffahigen Teile zogen sich im April 1945 nach Schleswig-Holstein zuruck, wo das JG4 bei Kriegsende am 8. Mai 1945 kapitulierte und aufgelost wurde.

Eine kurze und pragnante Zusammenfassung der Geschichte findet ihr auf den bekannten Seiten von Michael Holm auf Luftwaffe - 1933 -1945 und dem Direktlink zum Jagdgeschwader 4.

'III./JG4 - Jagdschutz der Reichsverteidigung'

Paintschemes of the Messerschmitt Bf-109-G6, G10, G14 and K4 Single Fighter of the Luftwaffe during their task as Top Cover for the Focke Wulf Fw-190 Storm groups of JG4

In Autumn 1944 the II. (Assault) Group and the III. Group suffered heavy loses fighting the overwhelming allied Fighter and Bomber formations. Under the command of Major (at this time) Gerhard Michalski the mostly inexperienced pilots was although capable to achieve remarkable success, which anyway didn't change the drainage and the downfall of the Luftwaffe.

In Summer 1944 the Luftwaffe formed in Salzwedel area city of Kassel a new II. Group out of the staff group and the already well know outlaw unit 'Sturmstaffel 1' commanded by Mayor von Kornatzki. This new Group was now equipped with heavily armoured Focke Wulf 190 A8/R2 Assault Fighters assigned to fight the heavy American Bomber formations and was named like similar units of Jagdgeschwader 3 'Udet' as so called 'Sturmgruppe' (Assault Group).

During the same time III. Group was also newly formed and reequipped with Messerschmitt Bf-109 G6, G10 and G14 Fighters (later Bf-109 K4) focussing mainly to flew top cover for the Assault Fighters of the 'Sturmgruppe'. For recognition the Jagdgeschwader 4 uses the marking band of 'Sturmstaffel 1', the 'black-white-black' Reichsverteidigungsband (RVT) to identify to unit as part of the Reich's Defence.

In October 1944 a part of JG4 formed the IV. Group that was equipped with Messerschmitt Bf-109 Fighters. Beginning from November 1944 JG4 flew its mission now from Frankfurt am Main area.

To ensure a protection of the heavy armoured Focke Wulf Bomber killers, Jagdgeschwader 4 ordered its III. Echelon of Messerschmitt Fighters as Top Cover and to engage the Spitfires, Mustangs and Thunderbolt Fighters of the Bomber Protection Squads in Turn Fights to ensure that the Storm fighters will in any case have a have a chance to engage their firepower on to the endless Bomber formations.

The following paint schemes are related to a fatal mission during JG4 suffers heavy losses due to anti aircraft fire executing a level attack on advancing allied forces in the area of Stollberg near the German city of Aachen on December 3, 1944. Till the very last moment the commanding officer of IV./JG4 Hauptmann Franz Wienhusen tried to arrange a withdraw of the order, trying to prevent heavy losses to his only light armoured Wing of 'Mosquito Hunters'. But he failed and so together with Staff and the III. Group of JG4 flew in a perdition for at least 16 pilots that died together with Hauptmann Wienhusen. Eric Mombeek, author of the Book Sturmjager, Volume 2 describes this fatal incident in touching words of for example Oberleutnant Ernst Scheufele who was taken prisoner after belly landing his damaged Aircraft in a Beet field on that very Day.

During the operations around the Battle of the Bulge and 'Operation Bodenplatte' the wings of Jagdgeschwader 4 was again heavily decimated. Even it's main targets Lowen and Le Culot JG4 the units failed to reach during "Operation Bodenplatte".

Mid of January 1945 the Squadron was relocated to the area of Guben-Juterbog . There again the Groups suffers heavy loses fighting the Russian bridge heads on the River Oder. The II. (Assault) Group with its Focke Wulf planes flew their last sorties against the soviet armies and VVS around the area of Berlin. In April 1945 withdrawal to Schleswig-Holstein the Jagdgeschwader 4 was disbanded on May 8th, 1945.

Kommandeure des Jagdgeschwaders / Commanding Officers of Squadron

Major Gerhard Schopfel 15.06.1944 - 06.08.1944
Oberstleutnant Gerhard Michalski 07.08.1944 - 08.05.1945

Pilot: Oberleutnant Ernst Scheufele on December 3, 1944

Bildquelle/Picture Source: Sturmjager Volume 2, Erich Mombeek - Seite/Page 91-97

Mit dieser Maschine landete Oberleutnant Ernst Scheufele nach Flaktreffern auf einem Rubenfeld nach Bodenkampfeinsatzen nahe Aachen gegen alliierte Stellungen not. Oberleutnant Scheufele war Kommandeur der 14./JG4 und erreichte insgesamt 18 bestatigte Abschusse. Aufgrund der fehlenden Informationen habe ich drei Versionen erstellt.

During a fatale Ground Attack Mission against allied positions near the German Town of Aachen on December 3, 1944 Oberleutnant Ernst Scheufele belly landed after hits by anti aircraft fire on a beet field. As commanding officer of the 14. Group he achieved 18 aerial Victories. Because of a lack of information's I decided to paint three Versions of the Airplane.

Bemalung RLM 74, 75, mit Unterseite RLM 76 in Tarnschema Bf-109 ausgefuhrt, mit Flecken aus RLM 75 und dem Leitwerk in RLM 74 mit Flecken von RLM 76.

Late war scheme in Bf-109 K4 Standard with RLM 74, 75 and 76. The Fuselage blotches was executed in RLM 75 with the tail plane partly painted in RLM 74 with RLM 76 Blotches.

Bemalung RLM 83, 75, mit Unterseite RLM 76 in Tarnschema Bf-109 ausgefuhrt, mit Flecken aus RLM 75 und dem Leitwerk in RLM 83 mit Flecken von RLM 76.

Late war scheme in Bf-109 K4 Standard with RLM 83,75 and 76. The Fuselage blotches was executed in RLM 75 with the tail plane partly painted in RLM 83 with RLM 76 Blotches.

Bemalung RLM 83, 81/75, mit Unterseite RLM 76 in Tarnschema Bf-109 ausgefuhrt, mit Flecken aus RLM 75 und dem Leitwerk in RLM 81 mit Flecken von RLM 76

Late war scheme in Bf-109 K4 Standard with RLM 83, 81/75 and 76. The Fuselage blotches was executed in RLM 75 with the tail plane partly painted in RLM 81 with RLM 76 Blotches.

Luftwaffe Badge

Ernst Laube

Units: Stfkpt 3./JG-77 (7/42), JGr-25, 7./JG-26 (4/41), Jasta Erla (1/44), 1./JG-3 (5/44), Kdr IV./JG-4 (1/45)

Awards: DK-G, EP, EK 1 & 2, Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Bf 109E-7 'White 15' and 'White 13+I' in 7/JG-26, Bf 109G-10/AS 'White 3+I' in JG-4

Remarks: All 22 victories scored in the West. Opposed the 6 March, 1944 Berlin Raid while serving in Einsatzstaffel 'Erla'. Served in Sicily in the Spring of 1941 before being transferred to N. Africa. One known Desert victory, his 3rd, a P40E in N. Africa on 13 January, 1943. Another Desert victory, a P-40 on 27 January, 1943. His 5th victory, another Desert victory, a P-40 on 26 February, 1943. His 15th, a P-51 at Wittstock on 19 May, 1944. His 17th, a U.S. fighter at Bapaume-Albert on 20 June, 1944. His 18th, a P-47 over the Normandy countryside on 22 June, 1944. A 19th, a Lancaster in the Ruhr Valley on 12 December, 1944. A 20th, a P-47 in the Wittlich area on 23 December, 1944. A P-51 on 24 December, 1944, no location given (Perry Claims). A P-47 20 km S of Kaiserlautern on 2 January, 1945.

Asisbiz database list of 22 aerial victories for Ernst Laube

Date Name Unit A/c Type Height Time Comments
29-Apr-41 Ernst Laube 7./JG26 Hurricane I 4000m 18.46 Stab Pauls Bay auf Malta
25-May-41 Ernst Laube 7./JG26 Hurricane II 6500-0m 15.00 auf Boden Fl.Pl. Takali (Malta)
03-May-42 Ernst Laube 7./JG26 Spitfire   16.03 Calais
13-Jan-43 Ernst Laube 3./JG77 P-40E Warhawk   07.58  
27-Jan-43 Ernst Laube 3./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk   14.54  
26-Feb-43 Ernst Laube 3./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   17.14  
27-Feb-43 Ernst Laube 3./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   14.00  
05-Mar-43 Ernst Laube 3./JG77 Spitfire   08.00  
04-Jul-43 Ernst Laube 3./JG77     10.15  
06-Mar-44 Ernst Laube Stab Ind./St./Erla P-51 Mustang 500m 14.10 Stendal
06-Mar-44 Ernst Laube Stab Ind./St./Erla P-51 Mustang 7000m 13.55 Stendal
19-May-44 Ernst Laube 1./JG3 P-51 Mustang   13.40-50 Wittstock
24-May-44 Ernst Laube 1./JG3 P-51 Mustang 7500m 11.15-25 Eberswalde
20-Jun-44 Ernst Laube Stab I./JG3 P-51 o. P-47 7-8000m 07.12 QF-RF (Bapaume-Albert)
22-Jun-44 Ernst Laube Stab I./JG3 P-47 Thunderbolt      
12-Dec-44 Ernst Laube 15./JG27 Lancaster 6000m 14.15 KP-LP (Ruhr Valley)
23-Dec-44 Ernst Laube Stab IV./JG4 P-47 Thunderbolt 2000m 09.49 05 Ost S/RO (Wittlich area)
24-Dec-44 Ernst Laube Stab IV./JG4 P-51 Mustang   14.57 QS 7/05 Ost S
02-Jan-45 Ernst Laube Stab IV./JG4 P-47 Thunderbolt   09.48 20km S Kaiserslautern

Luftwaffe Badge

Ernst Scheufele

Units: 4./JG-5 (4/42 Norway), 5./JG-5 (10/43 Finland), 6./JG-5 (6/44), Stfkpt 14./JG-4 (10/44)

Awards: EP, EK 1 & 2, Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Bf 109G, Fw 190D, Bf 109G-14/AS 'Blk 13', Bf 109G-14/AS WNr 782354 ''Black 2' (lost 12/3/44)

Remarks: POW 3 December, 1944 after being shot down in a 109 by American ground fire near Aachen. His Kdr, Franz Wienhausen, was killed in this same action. His first known victory, a Soviet P-39 at Kilberg on 3 November, 1943. A 2nd Soviet, an La-5 on 1 February, 1944. A 3rd Soviet, an Il-2 on 10 February, 1944. A 4th Soviet, an La-5 on 15 February, 1944. A 5th & 6th Soviet, a LaGG-3 and an Il-2 on 27 February, 1944. Nos 7 & 8 Soviets, both Il-2's NE of Maila on 20 March, 1944. A 9th Soviet, a P-39 NW of Alakurritti on 2 April, 1944. A 10th Soviet, a P-39 NW of Alakurtti on 4 April, 1944. An 11th Soviet, a Yak-9 on 16 May, 1944. One known western victory, a Lysander at Bayeux-Caen on 23 June, 1944. A 2nd, a B-17 (HSS) at Lüneburg-Hamburg on 4 August, 1944. These last two victories were provided by Ernst in a letter to me: 15 August, 1944, a B-24 over Holland and 16 August, 1944, a B-17 in the area 'Schkevdötz' (sp)). A former KM pilot, Scheufele flew 67 escort missions for thr Bismark, Prince Eugen & Tirpitz. The person in the next record was not known to Oblt Scheufele, who explains in his letter is on file.

Asisbiz database list of 15 aerial victories for Ernst Scheufele

Date Name Unit A/c Type Height Time Comments
03-Nov-43 Ernst Scheufele 5./JG5 P-39 Aircobra 80m 13.20 37 Ost S/QC-95i (Kilberg)
01-Feb-44 Ernst Scheufele 5./JG5 La-5 200m 10.53 09 723
10-Feb-44 Ernst Scheufele 5./JG5 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
200m 09.47 09 594
15-Feb-44 Ernst Scheufele 5./JG5 La-5 2000m 15.39 99 683
27-Feb-44 Ernst Scheufele 5./JG5 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
50m 13.10 97 548
27-Feb-44 Ernst Scheufele 5./JG5 LaGG-3 1500m 11.55 87 683
20-Mar-44 Ernst Scheufele 5./JG5 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
100m 09.56 NE Maila
20-Mar-44 Ernst Scheufele 5./JG5 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
50m 09.55 NE Maila
02-Apr-44 Ernst Scheufele 5./JG5 P-39 Aircobra   12.35 NW Alakurrtti
04-Apr-44 Ernst Scheufele 5./JG5 P-39 Aircobra   12.35 NW Alakurtti
16-May-44 Ernst Scheufele 6./JG5 Yak-9 50m 06.55 88 863
23-Jun-44 Ernst Scheufele 6./JG5 Lysander 100m 12.03 TT-9 (Bayeux-Caen)
07-Jul-44 Ernst Scheufele 6./JG5 B-24 Liberator   09.38 15 Ost S/KD-8 (Salzmunde/Halle)
04-Aug-44 Ernst Scheufele 6./JG5 B-17 Fortress Hss 8000m 13.35 05 Ost/CA (Luneberg-Hamburg)
07-Oct-44 Ernst Scheufele Stab IV./JG51 Il-2 Sturmovik m.H. 200m 12.56 13 349

Luftwaffe Badge

Rolf Schlegel

Units: 4./JG-53 (12/42)

Awards: EP, EK 1 & 2, Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Bf 109G-4/Trop 'White 6' (4/43 Sicily)

Remarks: One known Desert victory, his first, a Boston Bisley on 4 December, 1942. His 2nd victory, a Spitfire 25 km north of Mateur on 6 December, 1942. His 3rd, a P-40E 5 km southwest of Ras el Alma on 18 April, 1943. His 4th & 5th, both P-38's over southern Italy, 30 August, 1943. Magnus, 9 victories.

Asisbiz database list of 6 aerial victories for Rolf Schlegel

Date Name Unit A/c Type Height Time Comments
Friday, December 04, 1942 Rolf Schlegel 4./JG53 Spitfire 50m 15:55 18km SW Mateur
Sunday, December 06, 1942 Rolf Schlegel Stab II./JG53 Spitfire 2000m 16:32 25km N Mateur
Sunday, April 18, 1943 Rolf Schlegel 4./JG53 P-40E Warhawk 500m 19:03 5km SW Ras el Alma
Monday, August 30, 1943 Rolf Schlegel 4./JG53 P-38 Lightning      
Monday, August 30, 1943 Rolf Schlegel 4./JG53 P-38 Lightning      
Monday, September 06, 1943 Rolf Schlegel 6./JG53 P-38 Lightning   13:24 30km SW Salerno

Luftwaffe Badge

Wilhelm Wohlgemuth

Units: 12./JG4

Awards: no data

Known Aircraft: Bf 109G-6

Remarks: no data

NH Frankfurt Airport, Mörfelder Straße, Frankfurt, Germany Map

Thüringen, Germany Map

Finsterwalde, Germany Map

 

 Some of the most widely used Book References:

  • Fledgling Eagles: Luftwaffe Training Aircraft 1933-1945 (Classic Colours) by Barry Ketley ISBN-13: 978-1906537050 ISBN-10: 1906537054
  • Jagdwaffe: The Mediterranean 1942-1943, Vol. 4 (Luftwaffe Colours) First Edition by Jean-louis Roba (Author), Martin Pegg (Author) ISBN-13: 978-1903223352 ISBN-10: 1903223350
  • Jagdwaffe: The Mediterranean 1943-1945- Volume 4, Section 4 (Luftwaffe Colours) by Jean-Louis Roba (Author) ISBN-13: 978-1903223376 ISBN-10: 1903223377
  • Jadgwaffe: The War in Russia January - October 1942 (Luftwaffe Colours, Vol. 3, Section 4) by Erik Mombeek (Author), Christer Bergström (Author), Martin Pegg (Contributor) ISBN-13: 978-1903223239 ISBN-10: 1903223237
  • Jagdwaffe: Barbarossa, June-December 1941 (Luftwaffe Colours, Vol. 3, Section 2) by Eric Mombeek (Author) ISBN-13: 978-1903223215 ISBN-10: 1903223210
  • Messershcmitt Bf 109s Over the Mediterranean. Part 1 (Mini Topcolors) Paperback – June, 2013 by Maciej Goralczyk (Author), Arkadiusz Wrobel (Author)
  • BF 109 G/K: v. 2 (Monographs) Paperback – December 15, 2009 by Krzysztof Janowicz (Author)
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109F (Top Colors Series KG15019) Paperback – March, 2011 by Maciej Góralczyk (Author)
  • Luftwaffe Over Sevastopol (Air Battles) Paperback – January, 2010 by Marek Murawski (Author)
  • Luftwaffe over the Far North Part 1 (Minitopcolors) Paperback – February, 2013 by Maciej Góralczyk (Author)

 Some of the most widely used Magazine References:

  • Airfix Magazines (English) - http://www.airfix.com/
  • Avions (French) - http://www.aerostories.org/~aerobiblio/rubrique10.html
  • FlyPast (English) - http://www.flypast.com/
  • Flugzeug Publikations GmbH (German) - http://vdmedien.com/flugzeug-publikations-gmbh-hersteller_verlag-vdm-heinz-nickel-33.html
  • Flugzeug Classic (German) - http://www.flugzeugclassic.de/
  • Klassiker (German) - http://shop.flugrevue.de/abo/klassiker-der-luftfahrt
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://boutique.editions-lariviere.fr/site/abonnement-le-fana-de-l-aviation-626-4-6.html
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://www.pdfmagazines.org/tags/Le+Fana+De+L+Aviation/
  • Osprey (English) - http://www.ospreypublishing.com/
  • Revi Magazines (Czech) - http://www.revi.cz/