Jagdgeschwader 11 - JG11

Messerschmitt Bf 109G2 II.JG11 Stammkennzeichen BJ+WK WNr 13514 and BJ+WR WNr 13521

Profiles and Photo Data: Bf 109G2 II.JG11 Stammkennzeichen BJ+WK WNr 13514 01-04
1 Bf 109G2 II.JG11 Stammkennzeichen BJ+WR WNr 13521 01

Stab II./Jagdgeschwader 11 - Stab II./JG11

Messerschmitt Bf 109G5AS Erla Stab II./JG11 ((+-Gunther Specht WNr 110064 Wunsdorf Hannover Apr 1944

Profile Source Mark Styling http://www.markstyling.com/index.htm

Messerschmitt Bf 109G6AS Stab II./JG11 ((+- Gunther Specht Wunsdorf-Hannover 1944

Messerschmitt Bf 109G1 Stab II.JG11 white double chevron Gunter Beise Jever Germany April 1943

Artist: © Arkadiusz Wrobel Source: "Messerschmitt Bf.109G/K" by Krzysztof Janowicz. Vol.III. Oficyna Wydawnicza KAGERO. ISBN 83-890880-92-4

Stab III./Jagdgeschwader 11 - Stab III./JG11

Messerschmitt Bf 109G6 Stab III./JG11 ((+I Anton Hackl Gruppenkommandeur Germany Jan 1944

Profile Source Mark Styling http://www.markstyling.com/index.htm

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-6 Stab III./JG11 ((+I Anton Hackl Germany 1944

1 Staffel I. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 11 - 1./JG11

Messerschmitt Bf 109G6 1./JG11 (Yellow 2+) Germany 1944

4 Staffel II./Jagdgeschwader 11 - 4./JG11

Messerschmitt Bf 109G6R3W 4.JG11 (W43+-) WNr 130369 Fassberg Germany May 1945

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-10 W.Nr. 130 369, "Weisse 43", 4./NJG11, Fassberg, May 1945

5 Staffel II./Jagdgeschwader 11 - 5./JG11

Messerschmitt Bf 109G1 5./JG11 Black 1 Heinz Knoke Staffelkapitan Jever Germany May 1943

Profile Source Mark Styling http://www.markstyling.com/index.htm

Messerschmitt Bf 109G2 5./JG11 (B1+) Heinz Knoke Jever, Germany March 1943

Photo 01: Continuing with trials already begun at Rechlin and also carried out by Lt. Dieter Gerhardt of 2./JG1, Lt. Heinz Knoke began similar experiments in March 1943. On 1 April 1943, l./JG1 was redesignated II./JG11 and Knoke's Staffel became 5./JG11. In this photograph, taken at Jever soon afterwards, armorers are preparing to load an SC 250 bomb on the centreline ETC of Knoke's Bf 109G-1 'Black 1'. At this time, Knoke was the Staffelkapitan of 5./JG11.

Messerschmitt Bf 109G 5./JG11 (B1+) Knoke Jever France May 1943 01

Photo 01: By 1943, it had been found that in order to reform quickly after attacking USAAF bombers, Luftwaffe day fighter pilots engaged in defending the Reich required a ready means of identifying the aircraft flown by their Staffelkapitan, Kommandeur or Kommodore. From about May 1943, the aircraft of some Geschwader or Gruppe leaders therefore had large areas of their tail surfaces painted white. On some aircraft, the white area was restricted to the rudder and the fin area above the tailplane, as shown in this photograph of Lt. Heinz Knoke, the Staffelkapitan of 5./JG11, and his Bf 109G after his ninth victory in May 1943. 2Hptm. Heinz Knoke shot down 33 aircraft including 19 Viermots, 5xP-51, 5xP-47, 1xP-38

Messerschmitt Bf 109G-10/Erla 5./JG11 (Black 13+) abandoned 1945

Profile 00: Another Erla built Bf109G-10 found abandoned after the war. The interesting thing about this one is that although it appeared to be painted in a single color at first, just like the previously posted G-10, at a closer look there seems to be two colors. Not only that but they would seem to fit the pattern seen on the left hand side of the previously posted aircraft.
The tailband looks yellow so it's likely that it's a JG11 aircraft.

6 Staffel II./Jagdgeschwader 11 - 6./JG11

Messerschmitt BF 109G-6 6./JG11 (+ Heinz Kunz Werk Nr 412163 Germany 1944

Messerschmitt BF 109G-6A 6./JG11 Gelbe 7 flown by Uffz. Rudolf Strosetzki WNr 441139 Creully Basse-Normandie 7th June 1944

7. Staffel III. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 11 - 7./JG11

Messerschmitt Bf 109G-5 7./JG11 day JG300 night (W12+I) W.Nr.26082 Oldenburg Germany 1944

9. Staffel III. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 11 - 9./JG11

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-6 9.JG11 (Y5+I) Oldenburg Germany summer 1943

In Defence of the Reich Paperback by Maciej Goralczyk (Author), Janusz Swiatlon (Author) ISBN 13 978 8361220831

Messerschmitt Bf 109G-6 9./JG11 (Yellow 3+I) Oldenburg Germany 1943

Messerschmitt Bf 109G-6 9./JG11 (Yellow 5+I) Oldenburg Germany 1943

Messerschmitt Bf 109G-6 Unit: 9./JG 11 Serial: 5+| Oldenburg, Summer 1943. Camouflage: RLM 74/75/76.

Artist: © Arkadiusz Wrobel Source: "Messerschmitt Bf.109G/K" by Krzysztof Janowicz. Vol.III. Oficyna Wydawnicza KAGERO. ISBN 83-890880-92-4

10. Staffel IV. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 11 - 10./JG11

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-6/R3 10./JG11 White 1 Siegfried Napp Rudschinat Aalborg Ost Denmark 15th May 1944

 
 IL-2 Sturmovik series 'Battle of Stalingrad' and 'Battle of Moscow' - BOS game skins
No game skins for this unit as yet!

Luftwaffe Badge

Günther Beise

Units: 3./JG-77 (10/40), JGr-Ost (5/42), Kdr I./JG-1 (9/42-'43), Kdr II./JG-11 (4/43)

Awards: EK 2, Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Bf 109E, F & G in JGr-Ost, Bf 109E in JG-1, Bf 109G in II/JG-11

Remarks: His first victory, a Blenheim S of Folkestone on an Oblt at the time. Replaced Stolte as Kdr I/JG-1 in Sept. 1942. Another source, Wings Pallette-Pilots, indicates 2 victories.

Asisbiz database list of 1 aerial victories for Günther Beise

No Date Time A/c Type Unit Location Comments
Günther Beise 18:48 Blenheim 3./JG77 S of Folkestone

Knights Cross

Anton 'Toni' Hackl

Anton 'Toni' Hackl was born on 25 March 1915 at Regensburg. He joined the army in 1932 serving with an Infantry Regiment. He transferred to the Luftwaffe and completed Pilot training in the autumn of 1936. Unteroffizier Hackl joined II./JG333, later to become II./JG77, on 1 April 1938. In February 1940, Hackl attended the Kriegsschule at Wildpark-Werder. On 1 May 1940, Unteroffizier Hackl was based in Norway serving with 5./JG77. He achieved his first victories on 15 June 1940 when he shot down two RAF Hudsons over Stavanger. On 27 June he shot down a Hudson, but was wounded in this battle. He was promoted from Oberfeldwebel to Oberleutnant for bravery in combat. He had recorded four victories during his time in Norway. On 29 July 1941, he was dispatched to the Eastern Front. By the end of year he had increased his score to 27. He became Staffelkapitan of 5./JG77 on 23 January 1942. On 25 May 1942, after 51 victories, he received the Ritterkreuz. He recorded 11 victories during June. During July 1942, Hackl amassed a total of 37 enemy aircraft shot down during the aerial battles over and around Voronezh including six victories in a day on 21 July (victories 72 through 77) and 23 July (victories 79 through 84). On 3 August 1942, he shot down three Russian aircraft to record his 100th victory. After his 106th victory on 6 August he was awarded the Eichenlaub (Nr 109). He shot down his 118th and last enemy aircraft on the Eastern Front, a LaGG-3, on 19 September 1942.

He was transferred to Tunisia with II./JG77 where he gained 6 victories. But after a battle with P-38 Lightnings on 4 February 1943 he was badly wounded and was out of action for several months. On recovery in September 1943, he operated with Stab III./JG11 on Reichsverteidigung duties. On 1 October, he became Gruppenkommandeur of III./JG11. Hackl was to shoot down 25 four-engined bombers during his time in charge of III./JG11. In April 1944, he commanded JG11 for a short time before again being badly wounded in battle with P-47 on 15 April. He had been awarded the Schwerter (Nr 78) after 162 victories on 13 July. During July 1944, he became Kommodore of JG76. On 8 October he became leader of II./JG26 when Major Georg-Peter Eder (78 victories, RK-EL) was transferred to Kommando Nowotny. At this time 'Toni' Hackl had 165 victories to his credit. By the end of 1944 he had 172 victories. On 30 January 1945 he was acting Kommodore of JG300 and, from 20 February, Kommodore of JG11 following the death of Jurgen Harder (64 victories, EL, killed 17 February 1945). During the last ten months of the war Hackl was credited with 43 confirmed victories, including 20 achieved in 1945. His last 24 victories were never officially confirmed. Anton Hackl survived the war but died on 9 July 1984 in Regensburg.

Anton Hackl flew about 1000 combat missions and shot down 192 enemy aircraft: 131 on the Eastern Front and, from 61 victories in Africa and on the Western Front, were 34 four-engined bombers. He was second on the list of Viermottoter. He was shot down 8 times and wounded 4 times.

List of aerial victories for Anton 'Toni' Hackl

No Date Time A/c Type Unit Location Comments
1. 15.6.1940 9:00 Hudson 5./JG77 Stavanger / Hudson of 233 Sqn RAF
2. 15.6.1940 9:02 Hudson 5./JG77 Stavanger / Hudson of 233 Sqn RAF
3. 21.6.1940   Hereford 5./JG77 Beaufort of 42 Sqn RAF
4. 27.6.1940 9:40 Hudson 5./JG77 Hudson (N7330) "C" of 269 Sqn RAF flown by P/O PN Trolove
5. 1.8.1941   I-16 5./JG77  
6. 10.8.1941   I-16 5./JG77  
7. 10.8.1941   I-16 5./JG77  
8. 22.8.1941   I-153 5./JG77  
9. 1.9.1941   RZ 5./JG77  
10. 7.9.1941   I-16 5./JG77  
11. 11.9.1941   I-61 5./JG77  
12. 14.9.1941   I-61 5./JG77  
13. 22.9.1941 15:55 MiG-3 5./JG77  
14. 23.9.1941   MiG-3 5./JG77  
15. 9.10.1941 11:35 Il-2 5./JG77  
16. 11.10.1941 12:50 SB-2 5./JG77  
17. 11.10.1941 12:55 RZ 5./JG77  
18. 23.10.1941   I-61 5./JG77  
19. 27.10.1941   I-61 5./JG77  
20. 31.10.1941   I-61 5./JG77  
21. 31.10.1941   I-61 5./JG77  
22. 31.10.1941   I-61 5./JG77  
23. 17.11.1941   I-61 5./JG77  
24. 17.11.1941   I-153 5./JG77  
25. 27.11.1941   Il-2 5./JG77  
26. 27.11.1941   I-61 5./JG77  
27. 27.11.1941   DB-3 5./JG77  
28. 24.3.1942   I-16 5./JG77  
29. 26.3.1942   SB-3 5./JG77  
30. 26.3.1942   SB-3 5./JG77  
31. 26.3.1942   SB-3 5./JG77  
32. 4.4.1942   RZ 5./JG77  
33. 8.4.1942   I-61 5./JG77  
34. 16.4.1942   I-61 5./JG77  
35. 19.4.1942   I-61 5./JG77  
36. 19.4.1942   RZ 5./JG77  
37. 19.4.1942   I-61 5./JG77  
38. 19.4.1942   RZ 5./JG77  
39. 19.4.1942   I-180 5./JG77  
40. 20.4.1942   I-26 5./JG77  
41. 2.5.1942   MiG-3 5./JG77  
42. 2.5.1942   I-16 5./JG77  
43. 8.5.1942   I-16 5./JG77  
44. 8.5.1942   I-153 5./JG77  
45. 8.5.1942   I-16 5./JG77  
46. 16.5.1942   LaGG-3 5./JG77  
47. 19.5.1942   Il-2 5./JG77  
48. 20.5.1942   LaGG-3 5./JG77  
49. 26.5.1942   MiG-1 5./JG77  
50. 27.5.1942   LaGG-3 5./JG77  
51. 27.5.1942   MiG-1 5./JG77  
52. 3.6.1942   LaGG-3 5./JG77  
53. 4.6.1942   Jak-3 5./JG77  
54. 7.6.1942   Il-2 5./JG77  
55. 8.6.1942   LaGG-3 5./JG77  
56. 8.6.1942   MiG-1 5./JG77  
57. 8.6.1942   Il-2 5./JG77  
58. 9.6.1942   Il-2 5./JG77  
59. 9.6.1942   MiG-3 5./JG77  
60. 10.6.1942   Il-2 5./JG77  
61. 13.6.1942   Jak-1 5./JG77  
62. 13.6.1942   Il-2 5./JG77  
63. 2.7.1942   MiG-1 5./JG77  
64. 6.7.1942   Boston 5./JG77  
65. 8.7.1942   P-39 5./JG77  
66. 9.7.1942   MiG-1 5./JG77  
67. 9.7.1942   MiG-1 5./JG77  
68. 11.7.1942   LaGG-3 5./JG77  
69. 11.7.1942   LaGG-3 5./JG77  
70. 12.7.1942   Jak-1 5./JG77  
71. 14.7.1942   LaGG-3 5./JG77  
72. 21.7.1942   LaGG-3 5./JG77  
73. 21.7.1942   LaGG-3 5./JG77  
74. 21.7.1942   LaGG-3 5./JG77  
75. 21.7.1942   LaGG-3 5./JG77  
76. 21.7.1942   Hurricane 5./JG77  
77. 21.7.1942   Hurricane 5./JG77  
78. 22.7.1942   Pe-2 5./JG77  
79. 23.7.1942   Pe-2 5./JG77  
80. 23.7.1942   Pe-2 5./JG77  
81. 23.7.1942   Pe-2 5./JG77  
82. 23.7.1942   Il-2 5./JG77  
83. 23.7.1942   Il-2 5./JG77  
84. 23.7.1942   Il-2 5./JG77  
85. 24.7.1942   Hurricane 5./JG77  
86. 24.7.1942   Pe-2 5./JG77  
87. 24.7.1942   Hurricane 5./JG77  
88. 25.7.1942   Pe-2 5./JG77  
89. 25.7.1942   LaGG-3 5./JG77  
90. 26.7.1942   Il-2 5./JG77  
91. 26.7.1942   Il-2 5./JG77  
92. 26.7.1942   Il-2 5./JG77  
93. 27.7.1942   MiG-1 5./JG77  
94. 28.7.1942   MiG-1 5./JG77  
95. 28.7.1942 18:15 Boston 5./JG77  
96. 29.7.1942 6:49 MiG-1 5./JG77  
97. 29.7.1942 6:50 MiG-1 5./JG77  
98. 29.7.1942 6:53 MiG-1 5./JG77  
99. 31.7.1942 6:35 R-5 5./JG77  
100. 3.8.1942 5:20 Pe-2 5./JG77  
101. 3.8.1942 18:49 Il-2 5./JG77  
102. 3.8.1942 18:51 Il-2 5./JG77  
103. 5.8.1942 8:40 Hurricane 5./JG77  
104. 5.8.1942 8:45 Hurricane 5./JG77  
105. 6.8.1942 11:10 MiG-1 5./JG77  
106. 6.8.1942 11:12 LaGG-3 5./JG77  
107. 4.9.1942   LaGG-3 5./JG77  
108. 4.9.1942   Il-2 5./JG77  
109. 4.9.1942   Il-2 5./JG77  
110. 5.9.1942   P-40 5./JG77  
111. 5.9.1942   LaGG-3 5./JG77  
112. 5.9.1942   Il-2 5./JG77  
113. 15.9.1942   Il-2 5./JG77  
114. 16.9.1942   LaGG-3 5./JG77  
115. 16.9.1942   LaGG-3 5./JG77  
116. 18.9.1942   Il-2 5./JG77  
117. 18.9.1942   Il-2 5./JG77  
118. 19.9.1942   LaGG-3 5./JG77  
119. 20.12.1942 7:45 P-40 5./JG77 North Africa
120. 20.12.1942 7:47 P-40 5./JG77 North Africa
121. 11.1.1943 9:30 P-40 5./JG77 North Africa
122. 11.1.1943 9:32 P-40 5./JG77 North Africa
123. 13.1.1943   P-40 5./JG77 North Africa
124. 14.1.1943   P-40 5./JG77 North Africa
125. 25.6.1943 8:59 B-17 Stab JG11 6 km SW Friesoyte 7500 m
126. 29.7.1943 9:35 B-17 Stab JG11 10 km NE Helgoland
127. 2.10.1943 17:31 B-17 Stab III../ JG11 10km N Borkum 5000 m
128. 8.10.1943 15:20 B-17 Stab III../ JG11 05 Ost S/DT-4/8 7000 m
129. 26.11.1943 12:14~ B-17 Stab III../ JG11 Aurich-Bremen-Loningen
130. 1.12.1943 12:30~ B-24 Stab III../ JG11 Spa-Duren-Solingen
131. 5.1.1944 12:28~ P-38 Stab III../ JG11 Neumunster-Itzehoe 9000 m
132. 11.1.1944 11:30~ B-17 Stab III../ JG11 Goslar-Oschersleben 5700 m
133. 11.1.1944 11:30~ B-17 Stab III../ JG11 Goslar-Oschersleben 5700 m
134. 3.2.1944 11:10~ P-47 Stab III../ JG11 N Oldenburg
135. 10.2.1944 11:40 B-17 Stab III../ JG11 Celle area 7000 m
136. 24.2.1944 16:20 B-17 Stab III../ JG11 Gluckstadt N Stade 4300 m
137. 18.3.1944 15:15 B-24 Stab III../ JG11 NE Freiburg 6000 m
138. 18.3.1944 15:20~ B-24 Stab III../ JG11 NE Freiburg 6000 m
139. 18.3.1944 15:25~ B-24 Stab III../ JG11 NE Freiburg 6000 m
140. 8.4.1944 13:45 B-24 Stab III../ JG11 S Uelzen 7000 m
141. 11.4.1944 16:40 B-24 Stab III../ JG11 E Lingen 7500 m
142. 15.4.1944   P-38 Stab III../ JG11  
143. 4.5.1944 10:27 P-47 Stab III../ JG11 W Verden 7000 m
144. 8.5.1944 10:55 B-17 Stab III../ JG11 W Verden
145. 8.5.1944 12:00 B-17 Stab III../ JG11 Verden
146. 12.5.1944 12:30 B-17 Stab III../ JG11 Wiesbaden 6500 m
147. 13.5.1944 13:50 P-47 Stab III../ JG11 Kiel 4000 m
148. 19.5.1944   B-17 Stab III../ JG11  
149. 22.5.1944 13:25~ B-17 Stab III../ JG11 Fehmarn-Kiel-Lubeck area
150.-165. 1944   16 victories ? (JG11 or JG76) 14 Viermots?
166. 28.10.1944 13:25 Typhoon Stab II./JG26 Venlo-Kempen / Typhoon of 182 Sqn, RAF
167. 23.12.1944 12:52 P-51 Stab II./JG26 Koln-Bonn / P-51 of 364 FG, USAAF
168. 23.12.1944 12:54 Lancaster Stab II./JG26 Koln
169. 23.12.1944 12:56 Mosquito Stab II./JG26 Koln-Monchen-Gladbach / Mosquito of 105 Sqn, RAF
170. 24.12.1944 12:28 P-47 Stab II./JG26 Liege / P-47 of 36 FG, USAAF
171. 24.12.1944 12:30 P-47 Stab II./JG26 Liege / P-47 of 36 FG, USAAF
172. 25.12.1944 11:55 P-38 Stab II./JG26 Wesel
173. 1.1.1945 9:25 Spitfire Stab II./JG26 Brussels / Spitfire of 416 Sqn, RAF
174. 14.1.1945 12:05 P-47 Stab II./JG26 E Liege / P-47 of 366 FG, USAAF
175. 14.1.1945 12:15 P-51 Stab II./JG26 Remscheid / P-51 of 78 FG, USAAF
176. 2.1945   E/a Stab JG300  
177. 7.3.1945 9:25 Jak-9 Stab JG11  
178. 3.1945   E/a Stab JG11  
179. 23.3.1945 14:33 Il-2 Stab JG11  
180. 23.3.1945 14:40 Il-2 Stab JG11  
181. 1945   E/a Stab JG11  
182. 1945   E/a Stab JG11  
183. 1945   E/a Stab JG11  
184. 1945   E/a Stab JG11  
185. 1945   E/a Stab JG11  
186. 1945   E/a Stab JG11  
187. 1945   E/a Stab JG11  
188. 1945   E/a Stab JG11  
189. 1945   E/a Stab JG11  
190. 1945   E/a Stab JG11  
191. 1945   E/a Stab JG11  
192. 1945   E/a Stab JG11  

Victories : 192
Awards : Knight`s Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords
Units : JG333, JG77, JG11, JG76, JG26, JG300

Web reference:
http://www.luftwaffe.cz/hackl.html

List of aerial victories for Anton 'Toni' Hackl

No Date Time A/c Type Unit Location Comments
15-Jun-40 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Hudson   09.02 Stavanger
15-Jun-40 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Hudson   09.07 Stavanger
15-Jun-40 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Hudson   09.17 Stavanger
15-Jun-40 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Hudson   09.00 Stavanger
21-Jun-40 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Hampden   16.45 West of Hardanger-Fjord
21-Jun-40 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Hampden   16.45 West of Hardanger-Fjord
27-Jun-40 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Hudson   09.40 Based Stavanger
27-Jun-40 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Hudson   09.56 SW of Stavanger
03-Jun-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 LaGG-3      
04-Jun-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Yak-3      
07-Jun-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
10m 07.03 35 473
07-Jun-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
     
08-Jun-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 LaGG-3 800m 04.30 35 471
08-Jun-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 MiG-1 1500m 13.10 35 392
08-Jun-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
10m 19.15 35 442
08-Jun-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 LaGG-3      
08-Jun-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 MiG-1      
08-Jun-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
     
09-Jun-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
     
09-Jun-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 MiG-3      
10-Jun-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
     
02-Jul-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 MiG-1      
11-Jul-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 LaGG-3      
11-Jul-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 LaGG-3      
12-Jul-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Yak-1      
21-Jul-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 LaGG-3      
21-Jul-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 LaGG-3      
21-Jul-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 LaGG-3      
21-Jul-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Hurricane      
21-Jul-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Hurricane      
21-Jul-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 LaGG-3      
26-Jul-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
     
26-Jul-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
     
26-Jul-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
     
28-Jul-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 DB-7 5000m 18.15 92 354
29-Jul-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 MiG-1 1500m 06.49 83 832
29-Jul-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 MiG-1 1200m 06.50 93 572
29-Jul-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 MiG-1 20m 06.53 93 532
31-Jul-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 R-5 5m 06.35 83 621
03-Aug-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Pe-2   05.20 83 554
03-Aug-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
50m 18.49 72 282
03-Aug-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
10m 18.51 72 231
05-Aug-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Hurricane 50m 08.45 83 483
05-Aug-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Hurricane 30m 08.40 83 664
06-Aug-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 MiG-1 2500m 11.10 83 851
06-Aug-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 LaGG-3 1500m 11.12 83 871
12-Aug-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 MiG-1 1800m 14.05 83 811
12-Aug-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 MiG-1 1200m 14.08 83 871
13-Aug-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
30m 10.49 83 814
13-Aug-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
10m 10.53 83 672
14-Aug-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 MiG-1 10m 18.20 82 131
25-Aug-42 Anton Hackl 3./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
2000m 17.32 72 293
05-Sep-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
500m 17.21 82 131
05-Sep-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
500m 17.15 82 153
05-Sep-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Ilyushin Il-2
Илью́шин Ил-2
600m 17.18 82 124
20-Dec-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 2000m 07.45 62/71/1
20-Dec-42 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 1000m 07.47 62/73/5
01-Jan-43 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 2000m 11.07 20km SW Buerat
01-Jan-43 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 10m 11.00 15km ssE Buerat
02-Jan-43 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 2300m 15.15 5km NW Buerat
02-Jan-43 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk   10.27 52 654 20km SW Buerat
02-Jan-43 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk   10.22 52 552 50km SW Buerat
07-Jan-43 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Spitfire 6-7000m 11.45 7km SW FlPl Sirte
08-Jan-43 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 Spitfire 6000m 16.25 20km E Guett el Goshia
11-Jan-43 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk   09.32  
11-Jan-43 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk   09.30  
13-Jan-43 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 P-40E Warhawk      
14-Jan-43 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 P-40E Warhawk      
19-Jan-43 Anton Hackl 5./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 800m 16.10 10km N W Tarbuna
25-Jun-43 Anton Hackl Stab /JG11 B-17 Fortress 4800m 08.59 6km SW Freisoythe
29-Jul-43 Anton Hackl Stab /JG11 B-17 Fortress 8500m 09.35 10km NE Helgoland
02-Oct-43 Anton Hackl Stab III./JG11 P-47 Thunderbolt 5000m 17.31 AO-6 (12km N Juist)
08-Oct-43 Anton Hackl Stab III./JG11 B-17 Fortress 7000m 15.20 DT-48 (E Bremen)
26-Nov-43 Anton Hackl Stab III./JG11 B-17 Fortress 8000m 12.02 DQ-39
01-Dec-43 Anton Hackl Stab III./JG11 B-24 Liberator 7000m 12.16 OO 39 (Euskirchen area)
05-Jan-44 Anton Hackl III./JG11 P-38 Lightning      
11-Jan-44 Anton Hackl Stab III./JG11 B-17 Fortress      
11-Jan-44 Anton Hackl Stab III./JG11 B-17 Fortress      
03-Feb-44 Anton Hackl Stab III./JG11 P-47 Thunderbolt      
10-Feb-44 Anton Hackl Stab III./JG11 B-17 Fortress   11.40 FA-8 (SE Celle)
24-Feb-44 Anton Hackl Stab III./JG11 B-17 Fortress 4300m 16.20 05 Ost S/AT-9 (Stade)
18-Mar-44 Anton Hackl Stab III./JG11 B-24 Liberator      
18-Mar-44 Anton Hackl Stab III./JG11 B-24 Liberator      
18-Mar-44 Anton Hackl Stab III./JG11 B-24 Liberator 6000m 15.15 DQ-DP
08-Apr-44 Anton Hackl Stab III./JG11 B-24 Liberator 7000m 13.50 05 Ost S/EB bei Uelzen 1345-
11-Apr-44 Anton Hackl Stab III./JG11 B-24 Liberator 7500m 10.40 05 Ost S/FR-FQ E Lingen
15-Apr-44 Anton Hackl Stab III./JG11 P-38 Lightning      
04-May-44 Anton Hackl Stab III./JG11 P-47 Thunderbolt 7000m 10.27 05 Ost S/ET-ES (W Verden)
08-May-44 Anton Hackl Stab III./JG11 B-17 Fortress   10.55 ES-6/EU-4 (Bassum-Fallingbostel)
08-May-44 Anton Hackl Stab III./JG11 B-17 Fortress   12.00 EU-1/ET-3 (Visselhovde)
12-May-44 Anton Hackl Stab III./JG11 B-17 Fortress   12.30-35 50km vor Weisbaden
13-May-44 Anton Hackl Stab III./JG11 P-47 Thunderbolt 4000m 13.50 UA-TA (Plon-Kiel)
19-May-44 Anton Hackl Stab III./JG11 B-17 Fortress      
22-May-44 Anton Hackl Stab III./JG11 B-17 Fortress      
28-Oct-44 Anton Hackl Stab III./JG116 Typhoon 800-300m 13.25 LN (Dulken)
24-Dec-44 Anton Hackl Stab II./JG26 P-47 Thunderbolt 4000m 12.28 PL-PM (Durbuy-Stavelot)
24-Dec-44 Anton Hackl Stab II./JG26 P-47 Thunderbolt 10-1500m 12.30 PL-PM (Durbuy-Stavelot)
01-Jan-45 Anton Hackl Stab II./JG26 Spitfire   09.25 Brussel
14-Jan-45 Anton Hackl Stab II./JG26 P-51 Mustang   12.15 Remscheid
14-Jan-45 Anton Hackl Stab II./JG26 P-47 Thunderbolt   12.05 ON [E. Liege]
01-Feb-45 Anton Hackl StabJG300 Abschu?      
07-Mar-45 Anton Hackl Stab III./JG11 Jak-9   09.25 15 Ost S/43498 [Raum Kustrin]
23-Mar-45 Anton Hackl StabJG11 Il-2   14.33 15 Ost S/4391 [Raum Kustrin]
23-Mar-45 Anton Hackl StabJG11 Il-2   14.40 15 Ost S/4391 [Raum Kustrin]

Knights Cross

Gunther Specht

Gunther Specht was born on 13 November 1914 at Frankenstein in Niederschlesien. Specht was serving with ZG76, at the beginning of World War 2, flying Bf 110 Zerstorer twin-engined fighters. Leutnant Specht was assigned to 3./ZG76. On 29 September 1939 he achieved his first victories when he shot down two RAF Hampden twin-engine bombers. On 3 December 1939, he shot down a RAF Wellington twin-engine bomber over the North Sea. However, his aircraft received hits in the cockpit from return fire seriously wounding him and necessitating a ditching in the sea. He subsequently lost the sight in his left eye. Specht did not let the disability deter him from combat flying. On 23 May 1940, he shot down three RAF Spitfire fighters. However, his aircraft was shot up in the engagement necessitating a forced-landing between Calais and Boulogne. Specht again received serious wounds, which would keep him from combat duty for some time. On his recovery, Specht became a staff officer and, on 31 October 1941, Gruppenkommandeur of III./Nachtjagdschule 1, a position he held until 31 October 1942. At the end of 1942, Specht returned to a combat role. On 26 February 1943, as a member of 10./JG1, he shot down a USAAF B-17 four-engine bomber.

In May 1943, Hauptmann Specht became Gruppenkommandeur of II./JG11. At the end of 1943, he had 24 victories to his credit, including 14 four-engine bombers. Despite his visual handicap, he became one of the leading Viermottoter. On 20 February 1944, he force-landed on the Danish Aroe Island as a result of technical trouble with his Bf 109 G. On 8 April 1944, Major Specht was awarded the Ritterkreuz for 31 victories. On 15 May 1944, Major Specht became Kommodore of JG11. In July, he again suffered head injuries in a forced-landing. Despite suffering severe pain from his injuries, Specht remained on combat duty. Specht was listed as missing in action over Asch, Belgium on 1 January 1945, during operation Bodenplatte, in Fw-190A-9 (W.Nr. 205033) "Black 4". It is presumed he was a victim of flak. He was posthumously promoted to the rank of Oberstleutnant and was recommended for the Eichenlaub.

Gunther Specht shot down 34 enemy aircraft. All his victories were recorded over the Western front and include 15 four-engine bombers.

List of aerial victories forGunther Specht

No Date Time A/c Type Unit Location Comments
1. 29.9.1939 10:01 Hampden 3./ZG 26 SE Helgoland Hampden of 144 Sqn RAF
2. 29.9.1939 10:05 Hampden 3./ZG 26 SE Helgoland Hampden of 144 Sqn RAF
3. 3.12.1939 - Wellington 3./ZG 26 Near Heligoland Wellington Ia (N2880) "Z" of 38 Sqn RAF
4. 23.5.1940 - Spitfire 3./ZG 26 Calais-Boulogne Spitfire of 92 Sqn RAF. P/O Paul Klipsch
5. 23.5.1940 - Spitfire 3./ZG 26 Calais-Boulogne Spitfire of 92 Sqn RAF. S/L Roger Bushell
6. 23.5.1940 - Spitfire 3./ZG 26 Calais-Boulogne  
7. 26.2.1943 12:18 B-17 10./JG1 80km NW Borkum  
8. 14.5.1943 12:10 B-24 II./JG11 E Schleswig  
9. 15.5.1943 - B-17 II./JG11    
10. 19.5.1943 - B-17 II./JG11    
11. 11.6.1943 18:05 B-17 II./JG11 84/7/1/5, 8000 m  
12. 25.6.1943 8:52 B-17 II./JG11 Ost S/AQ-5/6, 7900 m  
13. 26.7.1943 11:42 B-17 II./JG11 Ost S/FS-5/4, 8200 m  
14. 28.7.1943 9:02 B-17 II./JG11 Ost S/RS-4/7, 5200m  
15. 17.8.1943 15:00 B-17 II./JG11 22km NNE Diest  
16. 17.8.1943 15:20 B-17 II./JG11 2km W Hergarten  
17. 4.10.1943 10:16 B-24 II./JG11 Ost S/TN-6, 4500m  
18. 8.10.1943 16:39 B-24 II./JG11 North Sea  
19. 9.10.1943 - B-17 II./JG11    
20. 13.11.1943 - P-38 II./JG11 Bremen-Zuider Zee  
21. 26.11.1943 - B-17 II./JG11 Bremen-Zuider Zee  
22. 29.11.1943 - P-47 II./JG11 Bremen-Oldenburgh  
23. 20.12.1943 - P-51 II./JG11 Bremen P-51 of 354 FG USAAF
24. 22.12.1943 - P-47 II./JG11 Munster-Osnabruck  
25. 5.1.1944 - P-38 II./JG11 Kiel-Cuxhaven  
26. 30.1.1944 - P-47 II./JG11 Pl Qu 05 Ost S  
27. 11.2.1944 12:15 P-51 II./JG11 Near St Wendel, 8000 m  
28. 21.2.1944 13:54 P-47 II./JG11 Hannover-Liethe area, 8000 m  
29. 22.2.1944 13:25 P-51 II./JG11 Blomberg area  
30. 22.2.1944 13:42 B-17 II./JG11 Detmold area, 7100 m  
31. 11.9.1944 - P-51 JG11 unknown place, 150 m  
32. 26.9.1944 14:04 Typhoon JG11 Deventer  
33. 26.9.1944 14:04 Typhoon JG11 Deventer  
34. 5.12.1944 12:35 P-51 JG11 S Mittellandkanal  

Victories : 34
Awards : Ehrenpokal (23 August 1943)
Deutsches Kreuz in Gold (25 November 1943)
Ritterkreuz (8 April 1944)
Units : ZG26, JG11
http://www.luftwaffe.cz/specht.html

Asisbiz Database of 33 aerial victories for Gunther Specht

No Date Time A/c Type Unit Location Comments
29-Sep-39 Gunther Specht 3.ZG26 Hampden 5900m 10.05 SE Helgoland
29-Sep-39 Gunther Specht 3.ZG26 Hampden 1800m 10.01 SE Helgoland
03-Dec-39 Gunther Specht 1.ZG26 Wellington 3000m   NW Helgoland
23-May-40 Gunther Specht Stab I.ZG26 engl.Jager 1700m   Raum Calais
23-May-40 Gunther Specht Stab I.ZG26 engl.Jager 5500m   Raum Calais
23-May-40 Gunther Specht Stab I.ZG26 engl.Jager 5000m   Raum Calais
26-Feb-43 Gunther Specht 10./JG1 B-17 Fortress 6500m 12.18 50km NNW Borkum
14-May-43 Gunther Specht Stab II./JG11 B-24 Liberator 7500m 12.14 Eckenforder Bucht
19-May-43 Gunther Specht Stab II./JG11 B-17 Fortress 5500m 13.17 05 Ost N/8562 S. Pellworm
11-Jun-43 Gunther Specht Stab II./JG11 B-17 Fortress 3600m 18.05 05 Ost S/84715
25-Jun-43 Gunther Specht Stab II./JG11 B-17 Fortress 7900m 08.52 AQ 56 (off Friesian Islands)
26-Jul-43 Gunther Specht Stab II./JG11 B-17 Fortress 6000m 11.42 FS-5.4 8.200m (N. Wagenfeld)
28-Jul-43 Gunther Specht Stab II./JG11 B-17 Fortress 5200m 09.02 RS-47 (S Darmstadt)
17-Aug-43 Gunther Specht Stab II./JG11 B-17 Fortress 6000m 15.00 22km NNE Diest
17-Aug-43 Gunther Specht Stab II./JG11 B-17 Fortress 6000m 15.20 2km W Hergarden Kr Schlieden
04-Oct-43 Gunther Specht Stab II./JG11 B-24 Liberator 4500m 10.16 05 Ost S/TN 6
08-Oct-43 Gunther Specht Stab II./JG11 B-24 Liberator 7800m 16.39 AR-6 in See (NW Nordholz)
09-Oct-43 Gunther Specht Stab II./JG11 B-17 Fortress 4200m 15.30 MI-8
13-Nov-43 Gunther Specht Stab II./JG11 P-38 Lightning 6000m 11.20 05 Ost N/FQ-7.3 (Furstenau)
26-Nov-43 Gunther Specht Stab II./JG11 B-17 Fortress 7000m 12.30 ER-27
29-Nov-43 Gunther Specht Stab II./JG11 P-47 Thunderbolt 8800m 15.30 EQ-57
20-Dec-43 Gunther Specht Stab II./JG11 P-51 Mustang 9000m 11.50 in Raum Bremen
22-Dec-43 Gunther Specht Stab II./JG11 P-47 Thunderbolt 6000m    
05-Jan-44 Gunther Specht Stab II./JG11 P-38 Lightning 2500m    
30-Jan-44 Gunther Specht Stab II./JG11 P-47 Thunderbolt      
11-Feb-44 Gunther Specht Stab II./JG11 P-51 Mustang 6000m 12.15-30 SP-6 8000km (S. Idar-Oberstein)
21-Feb-44 Gunther Specht Stab II./JG11 P-47 Thunderbolt 8000m 13.54 Leteln (NE Minden)
22-Feb-44 Gunther Specht Stab II./JG11 P-51 Mustang 800m 13.35-45 Blomberg-Akland (E. Detmold)
22-Feb-44 Gunther Specht Stab II./JG11 B-17 Fortress 5500m 13.42-55 Blomberg-Detmold
11-Sep-44 Gunther Specht Stab /JG11 P-51 Mustang 7200m   Ort unbekannt
26-Sep-44 Gunther Specht Stab /JG11 Typhoon 2000m 14.04-06 05 Ost S/HN-GN (Deventer)
26-Sep-44 Gunther Specht Stab /JG11 Typhoon 2000m 14.04-06 05 Ost S/HN-GN (Deventer)
05-Dec-44 Gunther Specht Stab /JG11 P-51 Mustang 4900m 12.35 GT Stadthagen

Günther Specht (13 November 1914 – 1 January 1945) was a German Luftwaffe fighter ace during World War II.

Specht joined the heavy fighter wing (German: Zerstörergeschwader 26) (ZG 26) "Horst Wessel" in early 1939. The unit was initially equipped with Messerschmitt Bf 109s and later with the Bf 110. In 1939 he was wounded by an RAF tail gunner and blinded in one eye. He returned to active duty and was shot down six times during the war. After his recovery in 1939, he chose to return to active service but was shot down again in France and was seriously injured. These injuries kept him grounded for the next two years. In 1942 he returned to active duty with 1st Fighter Wing (Jagdgeschwader 1 Oesau; JG 1)). He was then made Group Commander (Gruppenkommandeur) of II Group of JG 11 (II./JG 11) and promoted to Major. He was appointed as Wing Commander (Geschwaderkommodore) of JG 11 and was listed as missing in action during the attack on the Allied bases at Asch and Ophoven as part of Operation Bodenplatte. He was posthumously promoted to lieutenant colonel (German: Oberstleutnant) and was recommended for the Oak Leaves (German: Eichenlaub) to the Knight's Cross, which was refused for unknown reasons.

Specht was considered as one of the best fighter leaders during the war and was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes). During his combat career he was credited with 34 enemy aircraft destroyed, all downed on the Western Front.

Personality

Specht was born on 13 November 1914 in Frankenstein (modern Ząbkowice Śląskie) of Prussia (modern Poland). Specht was small in stature but full of energy. He had a distinguishing patch of gray in his hair just above his forehead. He was a perfectionist with a high sense of duty, and expected his men to follow his high standards. Although he lost his left eye in late 1939, according to Squadron Leader (German: Staffelkapitän) Heinz Knoke of 5./JG 11, he could see like a vulture and was an excellent marksman. Specht also had an eye for detail, and he wrote detailed mission log reports for future use.[2][3][4][5]

Specht's personal emblems adorning his aircraft included a design by Specht of a pencil superimposed on a chevron (termed a winged pencil) as a wry comment on being deskbound following his injuries. It may also have symbolized his possible desire to pilot the Dornier Do 17, nicknamed the "Flying Pencil". His single-engine aircraft with JG 11 sported a green spinner and a Knight's Cross painted on the cowling after he was awarded the honour in April 1944.[6][7][8]

Specht would not allow women on the group base, considering them an unnecessary diversion. According to Knoke, one time Specht's wife came to visit him on the II./JG 11 base but was held at the guard room on Specht's orders and refused to receive calls from the guard. Instead he asked Knoke to pass a message to her to 'put herself on ice', saying that he would only have time for her after the war. Specht however did not survive, dying five months before the war in Europe came to an end.[2][3]

Formation leadership

After taking command of II./JG 11, Specht led the group on every mission in which it participated. Following each mission, he wrote detailed and analytical mission reports. He soon gained a reputation as one of the most reliable formation leaders, with II./JG 11 reputed to be one of the best units among the fighter force (German: jagdwaffe) on Reich air defense (German: Reichsluftverteidigung).[2][9]

On 17 August 1943 Specht led the group from Gilze en Rijen on an intercept and sighted the B-17 Flying Fortresses of 381 Bombing Group near Antwerp. He waited for 30 minutes until the escorts turned back at Eupen before attacking. Within the next half hour, sixty percent of the bombers went down. Specht himself was credited with downing two as his 16th and 17th victories.[10]

On 11 September 1944 Specht and the JG 11 staff flight (German: Stabsschwarm) led a combined formation of II./JG 4 (Sturm) (German: Sturmgruppen) and III./JG 4. Due to Specht's skills, they positioned themselves against thirty-four B-17s of the "Bloody 100th" and fifteen B-17s were downed before the escorting P-51s arrived. Specht was credited with one P-51.[11][12]

Military career

Heavy fighters

At the beginning of the Phoney War in late August 1939, Specht was an Oberleutnant serving with 3rd Staffel, Zerstörergeschwader 26. On 29 September 1939 11 Royal Air Force (RAF) Handley Page Hampden medium bombers of No. 144 Squadron RAF conducted an armed reconnaissance operation near Heligoland in the German Bight. One six-strong aircraft formation attacked two destroyers unsuccessfully, while five bombers led by Wing Commander J. C. Cunningham were intercepted by Specht's unit. All five were shot down and Specht claimed his first two victories.[4][13][14][15]

On 3 December 1939, 24 RAF Vickers Wellington bombers from Marham and Mildenhall bases attacked Heligoland. These were intercepted by I./ZG 26 along with other Messerschmitt Bf 109 units. Specht attacked one bomber over the North Sea, and his aircraft was hit by return fire from the Wellington's tail gunner, seriously wounding him in the face and forcing him to ditch the aircraft. He subsequently lost the sight in his left eye. Specht resumed combat flying despite the handicap. He would eventually be shot down six times during the war.[16] He was shot down by Corporal Copley of No. 38 Squadron RAF.[17]

On 23 May 1940 Spitfires were encountered by Bf 110s and Bf 109s for the first time. The engagement resulted in the loss of two Bf 110s and two Bf 109s. However, Specht would claim three RAF Supermarine Spitfire fighters shot down. The British No. 92 Squadron RAF involved lost three Spitfires in the entire engagement. Squadron Leader Roger J Bushell became a prisoner of war while Paul H. Klipsch and Patrick Alexander George Learmond were killed in action.[13][18] During the course of this battle, Specht and his rear gunner/radio operator were wounded, force land near Calais and Boulogne-sur-Mer with a damaged aircraft. Specht's wounds were serious enough to keep him from combat duty for almost two years.[4][13][14]

Upon recovery Specht served as Group staff officer (German: Gruppenadjutant) of I./ZG 26. His aircraft at the time had group identifier (German: Gruppenkennung) U8+BB. It carried the group staff flight (German: Gruppenstab) emblem of a winged pencil which had been designed by Specht.[6][7]

Specht was appointed as Gruppenkommandeur of the night fighter training group (German: Ergänzungsgruppe) of Nachtjagdgeschwader 1 on 31 October 1941. Located at Ingolstadt-Manching, Specht instructed pilots in conversion to night fighting. Paul Zorner, a future night fighter expert, was one of his students. This was the last time Specht flew a twin engine aircraft.[3]

Single-engine fighters

A year later, with the training group converted into a night fighter school (III./Nachtjagdschule 1), Specht returned to active combat with a transfer to 10 Staffel, Jagdgeschwader 1 (10./JG 1), operating from Mönchengladbach (moved to Deelen in February 1943) and equipped with the Focke-Wulf Fw 190. On 26 February 1943, he shot down his first USAAF B-17 Flying Fortress.[4][19]

On 14 May, Captain (German: Hauptmann) Specht moved to Jagdgeschwader 11 and became Gruppenkommandeur of II./JG 11, equipped with the Bf 109G Gustav.[2][9][12] JG 11 was a newly formed day fighter unit operating across the north German plains.

After joining JG 11, Specht continued to claim Viermot (German slang for heavy bombers). His fifth victory with JG 11 was on 25 June 1943 giving him a total of 12. He claimed one a month later during Blitz Week, when bombers targeted the Blohm & Voss U Boat yards in Hamburg and the synthetic rubber factories of Continental AG and Nordhafen in Hanover.[12][20]

On 4 October 1943, Specht led II./JG 11 with III./JG 11 and Jasta Heligoland to down four B-24 Liberator bombers out of twenty three, one being credited to Specht. Specht became increasingly critical of the relatively weak armament of the Bf 109 during this time. By the end of 1943 Specht had a total of 24 victories, including 14 heavy bombers, one of the leading Viermot (heavy bombers) experts. He was also II./JG 11's leading scorer, having claimed 17 victories in 1943.[4][21][22]

On 11 February 1944 II./JG 11 engaged escort fighters returning from a raid on Frankfurt with Specht downing 2nd Lieutenant Richard McDonald of the 354th Fighter Group, who crashed his P-51 Mustang "Plane Jane" near Oberalben.[23] Nine days later, Specht had to crash land on the Ærø Island as a result of technical problems with his Bf 109G. On 15 March II./JG 11 lost six killed in action, two wounded, and eight aircraft lost, resulting in Specht declaring the unit non-operational for six weeks to rest and replace losses.[4][21][22]

On 8 April 1944 Specht was awarded the Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes for 31 victories on the Western Front. While II./JG 11 was still rebuilding at Eschborn, Specht was moved to wing command flight (German: Geschwaderstab) as kommodore-in-training, and was replaced by Major Günther Rall from JG 52. On 15 May 1944 Specht was appointed Geschwaderkommodore (Wing Commander) of JG 11 after Hermann Graf was wounded. In July, Specht had to crash land again and suffered head injuries. Despite severe pain from his injuries Specht remained on combat duty.

During Operation Market Garden, the Allied parachute landings in the Netherlands, JG 11 was credited with 22 aircraft downed on 22 September, with two credited to Specht. Four days later, Specht claimed two RAF Hawker Typhoons near Deventer.[4][8][24][25][26] According to RAF records only three Typhoons were shot down on 26 September; two to flak and one in aerial combat against Jagdgeschwader 53 Bf 109s near Apeldoorn. No fighters were recorded lost near Deventer.[27] However, it may be the case that loss records were lost or not well kept, meaning Specht's claims cannot be traced and may well be accurate.[28]

Operation Bodenplatte

On New Year's Day 1945 the Luftwaffe launched Operation Baseplate, a low-level fighter attack targeted at Allied airfields throughout France, Belgium and the Netherlands in support of the German Army in Battle of the Bulge. JG 11 was assigned the USAAF airfield at Asch (Code Name Y–29) and the RAF airfield at Ophoven north of Asch. The 366th Fighter Group (366th FG, Ninth Air Force) and the 352nd Fighter Group (352 FG, Eighth Air Force) were based at Asch. No. 41, No. 130, 350 and No. 610 Squadrons of the 2nd Tactical Wing were based at Ophoven.[4][26][29]

For this mission Specht wore his full dress uniform with medals instead of his flight suit. JG 11 was based at Darmstadt-Griesheim, Zellhausen, and Gross-Ostheim. I./JG 11, III./JG 11 (Fw 190 A–9), and II./JG 11 (Bf 109G) mustered sixty-five aircraft for this mission. Specht flew Fw 190 A-9 (Wk. Nr. 205033) "Black 4". At 8:08 am[c] the aircraft took off and assembled over Aschaffenburg with two Junkers Ju 188 'Pathfinders' to navigate. After assembling, Specht ordered all aircraft to fly at 400 feet (120 m) to the target area, climbing to 1,500 feet (460 m) prior to commencing the attack. Some P-47 Thunderbolts of the 390th Fighter Squadron, 366th FG, were already airborne and Mustangs of the 487th Fighter Squadron, 352nd FG, were on the runway. The formation was disrupted by flak, and several German aircraft were shot down.[a][3][29]

The P-47 and P-51s took a heavy toll of JG 11; some 25 pilots were lost, including Specht, who was posted missing, along with other senior officers of JG 11.[1][4][26][30]

Death and confusion

There was some confusion over the circumstance of Specht's death. Lt. Melvin Paisley and his wingman Flight Officer Dave Johnson were flying 366th FG P-47s; Johnson shot down two German fighters before his aircraft was heavily damaged from return fire. Bailing out, he landed in a field near Asch. A Bf 109 he had shot down had belly landed close by and Johnson rode a borrowed bicycle over to inspect it. The aircraft was intact but the pilot was dead. Johnson took the pilot's identification card and gun and rode back to base. The identification card identified the pilot as a Oberstleutnant (German: Oberstleutnant); however, the card actually belonged to Oberleutnant (German: Oberleutnant) August Engel of 8 Staffel.[31]

Further research has revealed more detail. German records confirmed Specht flew a Fw 190, not a Bf 109, and that he was a Major at the time, confirming Johnson's victim was most likely to have been Engel. Johnson's claim form revealed he had claimed a Bf 109, not an Fw 190. The ID card of Johnson's victim was passed on to a member of the ground crew who spoke German. This individual stated that the rank was given as Lieutenant Colonel. The incorrect identification was most likely a language error and misunderstanding of German ranks. This may have caused the belief that Johnson had killed Specht. Johnson died in October 1976, and aviation historians were unable to secure his version of events.[32]

Specht was officially listed as missing in action over Maastricht, and to date he remains missing. The cause of his demise is unknown.[33] Specht was promoted posthumously to Oberstleutnant and nominated for the Eichenlaub to his Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. The Oak Leaves were not awarded. Specht shot down 34 aircraft including 17 heavy bombers. All his victories were recorded over the Western Front and included 15 four-engine bombers.[1][4][26][31][34][35][b]

Awards

  • Iron Cross in 1939 2nd and 1st Class.[26]
  • Ehrenpokal der Luftwaffe on 23 August 1943 as Hauptmann and Gruppenkommandeur of II./JG 11.[36]
  • German Cross in Gold on 25 November 1943 while serving in the II./JG 11.[37]
  • Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 8 April 1944 as Major and Gruppenkommandeur of the II./JG 11.[38]

Dates of rank

  • August 1939: Leutnant[4]
  • 23 May 1940: Oberleutnant[4]
  • May 1943: Hauptmann[4]
  • 8 April 1944: Major[4]
  • 1 January 1945: Oberstleutnant.[4]

Knights Cross

Heinz Knoke

Awards: RK(4/27/45), DK-G(11/17/43), EK 1 & 2, DRL Sports Badge, Wound Badge, Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Bf 109F-2 WNr12866 'Yellow 7' w/JG-2 (8/43), Bf 109G-1/R2 'Red 1' in 5/JG-11, Fw 190A-8, Bf 109G-6 'Black 1' in 5/JG-11

Remarks: Barbarossa pilot. 19 bombers. Over 400 missions. All victories in the West. He wore the Croatian Pilot wings also. He joined the 'circle of four-engine bomber slayers: Specht, Frey, Sommer and König. He tried the new idea of dropping a timed-fuse bomb into the middle of a B-17 'box'. He crashed a Bf 109G at Hilversum Holland on 30 January, 1944, his injuries, if any, unknown, serving in 5/JG-11 at the time (DeSwart). His 20th victory, a B-17 at Wagenfeld-Sulingen on 10 February, 1944. Opposed the 6 March, 1944 Berlin Raid, and the Schweinfurt Raid, but crashed at an airfield near Bonn after his left wing spar was severely damaged by B-17 return fire. His mechanic was Ogefr Arndt. Flew Bf 109E 'Black 3' in Autumn 1941 in JG-1. Flew Bf 109G-1 in 5/JG-11. His 25th victory, a P-51 at the Waggum airfield on 29 April, 1944. Alt incorrect spelling; Knocke. His flying career ended with a car crash on 9 October, 1944 which nearly caused him to lose a leg. After the war, he resided at Ahornweg 7, 4505 Bad Iburg, Ger. Deceased 18 May, 1993.

Asisbiz database list of 35 aerial victories for Wolf Heinz Knoke

No Date Time A/c Type Unit Location Comments
Saturday, October 31, 1942 Heinz Knoke 2./JG1 Blenheim   14:30 20km N Wangerooge
Friday, November 6, 1942 Heinz Knoke 2./JG1 Mosquito 50m 14:55 50km North of Helgoland
Friday, February 26, 1943 Heinz Knoke 2./JG1 B-24D Liberator 7500m 11:18 1½km FlPl Zwischenahn
Thursday, March 18, 1943 Heinz Knoke 2./JG1 B-24 Liberator 7000m 15:14 20km SE Helgoland
Monday, March 22, 1943 Heinz Knoke 2./JG1 B-17 Fortress 6000m 15:21 30km W Helgoland
Saturday, April 17, 1943 Heinz Knoke 5./JG11 B-17 Fortress 4000m 13:10 20km SW Bremen
Friday, May 14, 1943 Heinz Knoke 5./JG11 B-17 Fortress   12:17 05 Ost S/JT-7
Saturday, May 15, 1943 Heinz Knoke 5./JG11 B-17 Fortress 7300m 10:34 10km W St Peter-Ording
Saturday, May 15, 1943 Heinz Knoke 5./JG11 B-17 Fortress   10:56 3km SW Westerhever
Wednesday, May 19, 1943 Heinz Knoke 5./JG11 B-17 Fortress     05 Ost S/TU-3 Fleckeby
Friday, June 11, 1943 Heinz Knoke 5./JG11 B-17 Fortress 6000m 19:35 05 OstS/55/6/8
Friday, June 25, 1943 Heinz Knoke 5./JG11 B-17 Fortress 5500m 08:34 AO 3-3 (off Friesian Islands)
Wednesday, July 28, 1943 Heinz Knoke 5./JG11 B-17 Fortress 5200m 09:15 QQ-9 (N Rudesheim)
Tuesday, August 17, 1943 Heinz Knoke 5./JG11 B-17 Fortress   17:30 05 Ost S/PO 1 (W Blankenheim)
Monday, September 27, 1943 Heinz Knoke 5./JG11 B-17 Fortress 6000m 11:15 AP-58 (NW Baltrum)
Monday, September 27, 1943 Heinz Knoke 5./JG11 P-47 Thunderbolt 6000m 11:26 05 Ost S /BP-8
Monday, October 4, 1943 Heinz Knoke 5./JG11 B-24 Liberator 7000m 10:25 05 Ost S/TN-TM
Friday, October 8, 1943 Heinz Knoke 5./JG11 B-17 Fortress 7500m 16:00 05 Ost S/FQ-29 bei Herbergen
Sunday, October 10, 1943 Heinz Knoke 5./JG11 P-47 Thunderbolt   15:27 05 Ost S/HQ-6 (Lienen NE Munster)
Sunday, October 10, 1943 Heinz Knoke 5./JG11 P-47 Thunderbolt   15:27 05 Ost S/HQ-6 (Lienen NE Munster)
Saturday, December 11, 1943 Heinz Knoke 5./JG11 B-17 Fortress Hss   12:39 05 Ost S/BP-3 (S Baltrum)
Thursday, February 10, 1944 Heinz Knoke 5./JG11 B-17 Fortress 7000m 11:20 FS (Wagenfeld-Sulingen)
Tuesday, February 22, 1944 Heinz Knoke 5./JG11 B-17 Fortress 7000m 13:50 05 ost S/HT (Raum Hameln)
Friday, March 3, 1944 Heinz Knoke 5./JG11 P-51 Mustang   12:05 05 Ost S/AO-9
Monday, March 6, 1944 Heinz Knoke 5./JG11 B-17 Fortress   12:15 05 Ost S/ER South Delmenhorst
Wednesday, March 8, 1944 Heinz Knoke 5./JG11 B-17 Fortress   13:25  
Saturday, April 29, 1944 Heinz Knoke 5./JG11 P-51 Mustang 40m 12:00 FlPl Braunschweig-Waggum 1150 -
Monday, August 14, 1944 Heinz Knoke Stab III./JG1 P-47 Thunderbolt   06:00 EP-6 Rennes
Tuesday, August 15, 1944 Heinz Knoke Stab III./JG1 P-47 Thunderbolt     TC-2 Rouen
Wednesday, August 16, 1944 Heinz Knoke Stab III./JG1 Spitfire   05:30 DE-4 Auxonnettes Eetampes
Thursday, August 17, 1944 Heinz Knoke Stab III./JG1 B-26 Marauder   18:00 DB-7 Pithiviers
Friday, August 18, 1944 Heinz Knoke Stab III./JG1 P-51 Mustang   14:30  
Friday, August 18, 1944 Heinz Knoke Stab III./JG1 P-51 Mustang   14:35  
Friday, August 25, 1944 Heinz Knoke Stab III./JG1 P-51 Mustang 3200m 18:55 05 Ost S/SG-3 (NE Tergnier)
Monday, August 28, 1944 Heinz Knoke Stab III./JG1 P-47 Thunderbolt   08:35 SG-2 Soissons

Luftwaffe Badge

Heinz Kunz

Awards: Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Bf 109G-6 WNr 412163 'Yellow 13' (lost 5/28/44)

Remarks: KIA 28 May, 1944 during aerial combat in the Magdeburg area. Source: L. Wiegels.

USAAF mission 376 mission brief 28th May 1944.

Mission 376: 1,341 bombers and 697 fighters are dispatched to hit oil targets in Germany; 32 bombers and 9 fighters are lost; they claim 64-30-31 Luftwaffe aircraft:

1. 610 B-17s are dispatched against an oil targets at Ruhland/Schwarz-Heide (38 bomb) and aircraft factory at Dessau (12 bomb); secondary targets are aviation factories at Zwickau (15 bomb) and Leipzig (28 bomb); 14 bomber hit Bohlen, 15 hit Meissen, 19 hit Brandis/Polenz Wusten-Sachsen Airfield, 12 hit Frankfurt marshalling yard, 32 hit Ubigau, 20 hit Dessau, 4 hit Frankfurt, 5 hit Camburg and 22 hit targets of opportunity; they claim 20-21-18 Luftwaffe aircraft; 17 B-17s are lost, 1 is damaged beyond repair and 107 damaged; 3 airmen are KIA, 15 WIA and 155 MIA.

2. 255 B-17s are dispatched to an oil dump at Konigsburg/Magdeburg (105 bomb) and oil industry at Magdeburg/Rothensee (55 bomb); 17 hit Dessau and 6 bomb the marshalling yard at Gera; they claim 16-8-6 Luftwaffe aircraft; 9 B-17s are lost and 64 damaged; 3 airmen are KIA, 2 WIA and 90 MIA.

3. 106 B-24s are dispatched to Lutzkendorf/Halle (66 bomb); 10 hit Wetzlar and 6 hit a target of opportunity; 3 B-24s are lost and 16 damaged; 1 airman is WIA and 3 MIA.

4. 311 B-24s are dispatched to oil targets at Merseburg/Leuna (63 bomb) and Zeitz-Troglitz (187 bomb); 10 hit Limburg, 8 hit Memmingen, 9 hit Saalfeld and 10 hit targets of opportunity; they claim 1-0-0 Luftwaffe aircraft; 3 B-24s are lost and 23 damaged; 1airman is KIA, 1 WIA and 26 MIA.

5. 58 of 59 B-17s hit Cologne/Eifeltor marshalling yard without loss; glide bombs are used but the weapon proves unsuccessful. Escort is provided by 182 P-38s, 208 P-47s and 307 P-51s; no P-38s are lost; P-47s claim 2-0-1 Luftwaffe aircraft in the air and 0-0-1 on the ground with the loss of 4 P-47s (pilots are MIA), 2 damaged beyond repair and 3 damaged; P-51s claim 25-1-5 Luftwaffe aircraft with the loss of 5 (pilots are MIA), 1 damaged beyond repair and 8 damaged. 527 9AF fighters also fly escort and claim 33-0-10 Luftwaffe aircraft in the air and 5-0-7 on the ground for the loss of 5 fighters.

The 10 USAAF 8AF P-51 Mustang Losses

42-103004 P-51C 363FG380FS Code:A9-A shot down by fighters crashed in Schackensleben Germany Feodor Clemovitz POW MACR-5136
42-106481 P-51B 363FG382FS Code:C3-? Lost when shot down by fighters crashed in Bennstedt Germany Curry P. Wilson POW May 28 1944 MACR-5134
42-106486 P-51B 363FG382FS Code:C3-A Lost when saddly it collided with a P-47 42-26016 and crashed in Sichau Germany Anthony E. Ladas KIA May 28 1944 MACR-5138
42-106635 P-51B 352FG486FS Bluenosed Bastards of Bodney Code:PZ-A Name:'Texas Bluebonnet - artwork, map of Texas' Pilot:Capt. Woodrow W Anderson Nickname:Clyde' Lost in this a/c when shot down by fighters probably crashed in Achersleben Germany May 28 1944 - KIA. MACR-5099.
42-106712 P-51B 354FG353FS Fighting Cobra's Code:FT-L Name:'Ho Tei II' aircraft flown by an ace Pilot:Donald McDowell but was lost due to mechanical troubles ditched North Sea. 1 KIA MACR-5133
42-106846 P-51B 4FG334FS The Eagles Code:QP-H lost when ran out of fuel crashed Aumont France May 28 1944 - Lt. Richard L Bopp POW MACR-5726
43-6631 P-51B 355FG354FS Strafers Code:WR-T lost May 28 1944 when shot down by fighters probably crashed in Zerbst Germany Lt. Clarence R Barger KIA. MACR-5360.
43-6933 P-51B 4FG334FS The Eagles Code:QP-Y Pilot:Lt. Aubrey E Hewatt lost in this a/c when shot down by fighters and crashed in Vogelsang Germany May 28 1944 -POW MACR-5397
43-6983 P-51B 355FG354FS Strafers Code:WR-O Pilot:Lt. Walter M Christensen Jr. lost in this a/c when he was shot down by fighters and crashed in Buhlendorf Germany May 28 1944 - KIA. MACR-5202
43-7195 P-51B 354FG353FS Fighting Cobra's Code:FT-X Pilot: Glenn H. Pipes became a POW when his plane was hit by flak and belly landed in Ruppersdorf Germany May 28 1944 MACR-5137

The 4 USAAF 8AF P-47 Thunderbolt Losses

42-26016 P-47D22 78FG83FS Duxford - Eagles Code:HL-A lost saddly when collided with P-51B 42-106486 and crashed in Jeggau Germany May 28 1944 - Capt. Alwin M Juchheim Jr. POW MACR-5280.
42-26064 P-47D22 78FG82FS Duxford - Eagles Code:MX-Y lost when shot down by flak crashed in Gildehaus Germany May 28 1944 - Lt. Philip H Hazelett KIA. MACR-5028.
42-76318 P-47D15 78FG82FS Duxford - Eagles Code:MX-W Lost when shot down by flak and crashed near Osnabrück Denmark May 28 1944 - Lt. William S Orvis Jr. KIA. MACR-5026. One source has the location as Elbergen Germany.
42-75457 P-47D11 353FG351FS Slybirds - Bill's Buzz Boys Code:YJ-A Lost when shot down by flak and crashed in Loddenheide Germany May 28 1944 - Lt. Joseph R Farley KIA. MACR-5027

The 33 USAAF 8AF Bomber Losses

42-31389 B-17G Fortress 100BG351BS The Bloody Hundredth Code:EP-J Name:'Lucious Lucy' shot down by fighters and crashed Barleben Germany 7 POW 3 KIA. MACR-5382 Lucius Lacy Claude Schindler Lost Magdeburg/Gera May 28, 1944
42-107028 B-17G Fortress 303BG358BS Hell's Angles Code:VK-I shot down by flak and crashed Albrechtshain, Germany 3 POW 7 KIA May 28, 1944. MACR-5340.
42-39878 B-17G Fortress 305BG365BS Can Do Code:XK-S Lost due to mechanical troubles belly-landed in Zerf Germany 8POW 2EVD May 28, 1944
42-31757 B-17G Fortress 351BG508BS Code:YB-G Name:'Round Trip' missions flown:23 Assigned to the 351BG:Feb. 25, 1944 lasted flown by the group:May 28, 1944. A/C History:Mar. 29 1944 landed at (Deenethorpe). Pilot:Lt. Howard R. Evans May 28 1944 shot down by fighters and crashed Waldau Germany 3 POW 6 KIA Pilot:Lt. William J. Condon who was KIA. Targer Dessau
42-31721 B-17G Fortress 351BG510BS Code:TU-S Name:'Black Magic' missions flown:36 Assigned to the 351BG:Jan. 29, 1944 lasted flown by the group:May 28, 1944. A/C History:Feb. 20 1944 landed at Glatton. Pilot:Lt. William R. Raser. May 28 1944 shot down by fighters. Pilot:Lt. Clyde Mclelland. Target:Dessau Another source shot down by flak and crashed Mernes Germany 8 POW 1 KIA May 28 1944.
42-39987 B-17G Fortress 351BG511BS Code:DS-D Name:'Pin Ball' missions flown:29 Assigned to the 351BG:Jan. 30, 1944 lasted flown by the group:May 28, 1944. A/C History:May 28 1944 shot down by fighters and crashed Lonnewitz Germany 6 POW 4 KIA Pilot:Lt. Robert E. L. Probasco POW. Target:Dessau
42-97191 B-17G Fortress 351BG511BS Code:DS-X Name:'Silver Ball' missions flown:17 Assigned to the 351BG:Mar. 25, 1944 lasted flown by the group:May 28, 1944. A/C History:shot down by fighters and crashed between Deetz and Neditz Germany 8 POW 2 KIA May 28, 1944 on mission to Dessau. MACR-5326 Pilot:Lt. Carl F. Miller. Target:Dessau
42-97472 B-17G Fortress 351BG511BS Code:DS-H missions flown:23 Assigned to the 351BG:Feb. 25, 1944 lasted flown by the group:May 28, 1944. A/C History:May 28 1944 shot down by fighters and crashed in Westdorf near Aschersleben Germany 9 POW Pilot:Lt. Charles F. Anderson. Target:Dessau
42-97847 B-17G Fortress 385BG549BS Van's Valiants Code:XA-Q Name:'Hunter' Shot down by flak and crashed Albrechtshain Germany May 28, 1944 10 POW. MACR-5265
42-102485 B-17G Fortress 388BG562BS Fortress For Freedom Code:Square-H crashed in Groenekan, Holland May 28, 1944. 3 KIA, 7 POW
42-39845 B-17G Fortress 388BG563BS Fortress For Freedom Code:B Lost May 28, 1944, on a mission to Magdeburg when hit by flak and lost two engines and belly-landed near Mengsberg. 10POW MACR-5317. Pilot Lt. M.G. Fjelsted, Copilot Lt. C.W. Hudson, Navigator Lt. H.J. Houlihan, Bombenschütze Lt. C. Tracewski, Funker S/Sgt. J.R. Shatz, MG Schütze S/Sgt. S.E. Mc Bien, MG Schütze Sgt. G.F. Hoover, MG Schütze Sgt. S.L. Perry, MG Schütze Sgt. L.G. Brown, MG Schütze E.S. Stringer
42-110074 B-24J Liberator 389BG567BS The Sky Scorpions Code:HP-P Lost due to mechanical troubles crashed west of Gravelines France 1 POW 3 KIA 3 MIA 2 RTD May 28 1944 MACR-5387
42-102440 B-17G Fortress 390BG568BS Wittan's Wallopers Code:BI-K Name:'Silver Slipper Previous A/C History:Commissioned 4 Mar 44. Cheyenne Mod Center 6 Mar 45. MacDill 20 Mar 44. Kearney 27 Mar 44. Presque Isle 1 Apr 44. Dow Field 4 Apr 44. 8AF 5 Apr 44. MIA Magdeburg 28 May 44. Shot down by fighters. crashed near Burg Germany 10 POW MACR-5254
42-31985 B-17G Fortress 390BG570BS Wittan's Wallopers Code:DI-P Name:'Devil's Aces' Previous A/C History:Commissioned 10 Jan 44. Cheyenne Mod Center 13 Jan 44. Great Falls 14 Jan 44. Kearney 28 Jan 44. Presque Isle 22 Feb 44. Grenier 20 Feb 44. 8AF 20 Feb 44. Lyle D. Stufflebeam WIA 18 Apr 44 at Berlin. Robert V. Lewis WIA 8 May 44 at Laon-Athies. shot down by fighters and crashed Lostau Germany 5 KIA 2 MIA 3 Pow Magdeburg 28 May 44. Shot down by fighters. Part of Vertical stabilizer Shot away. Crashed at Ebendorf. Cosgrove, Buntin, Czyz POW, rest KIA.
42-32089 B-17G Fortress 390BG570BS Wittan's Wallopers Code:DI-W Name:'Mountaineer' Previous A/C History:Commissioned 13 Jan 44. Cheyenne Mod Center 16 Jan 44. Great Falls 18 Jan 44. Grand Isle 28 Jan 44. 8AF 9 Feb 44. MIA Magdeburg 28 May 44. Shot down by fighters. Nr. 1 engine cowling Shot off. crashed near Holzhausen. All POW. shot down by fighters and crashed Colbitz Germany 10 POW
42-31651 B-17G Fortress 390BG571BS Wittan's Wallopers Code:FC-G Name:'Decatur Deb' Previous A/C History:Commissioned 27 Nov 43. Cheyenne Mod Center 30 Nov 43. Gowen Field 5 Dec 43. Salt Lake City 6 Dec 43. Rock Springs 7 Dec 43. Laramie 9 Dec 43. Cheyenne 12 Dec 43. Kearney 17 Dec 43. Romulus 6 Jan 44. Presque Isle 8 Jan 44. 8AF 12 Jan 44. James Matney WIA 20 Apr 44 at La Glacerie. Louis G. Mathews, navigator on cre 70, slightly wounded at Le Culot, Frankce on 27 Apr 44. MIA Magdeburg 28 May 44. Shot down by fighters. Fire in cockpit and part of vertical stabilizer Shot away. Wnet down in a spin and crashed Ebendorf near Magdeburg 3 POW 7 KIA. Milenock, Bolton, Stoy POW, rest KIA.
42-37806 B-17G Fortress 390BG571BS Wittan's Wallopers Code:FC-Z Previous A/C History:Commissioned 25 Apr 44. Dallas Mod Center 25 Apr 44. Kearney 2 Jun 44. Grenier 17 Jun 44. 8AF 19 Jun 44. MIA Merseburg 7 Jul 44. Prop wash caused collision over Zuider Zee with 42-107070. Both planes exploded. Outman, Coffey, Clarence Brown, Grove POW, Arthur Brown evaded, returned. Rest KIA. Another source has this aircraft shot down by fighters and crashed Walternienburg Germany 9 POW 1 KIA May 28th 1944
42-31034 B-17G Fortress 401BG612BS Code:SC-G Name:'Bonnie Donnie' Lost when shot down by fighters and crashed between Otterwisch and Pomssen Germany 7 POW 3 KIA May 28, 1944. MACR-5309 Previously Base:Gore Field, Great Falls Field, MT crashed near Pueblo Field, CO USA Pilot:Sweet, Phillip Date:Sep 10, 1943
42-39837 B-17G Fortress 401BG612BS Code:SC-L Name:'Red's Rogues' Mechanical troubles ditched North Sea 10 RTD May 28, 1944
42-31557 B-17G Fortress 401BG613BS Code:IN-R Lost when shot down by fighters and crashed 8 km South East of Belzig Germany 6 POW 4 KIA May 28, 1944. MACR-5308
42-102580 B-17G Fortress 401BG613BS Code:IN-Q shot down by fighters and crashed between Aken and Dessau Germany 5 POW 5 KIA May 28 1944 Target:Dessau MACR-5307
42-102581 B-17G Fortress 401BG613BS Code:IN-L Name:'Lonesome Polecat' shot down by fighters and crashed Glienicke Germany 6 POW 4 KIA May 28, 1944
42-102647 B-17G Fortress 401BG613BS Code:IN-M, then later IY-G and was shot down by fighters and crashed Niemegk Germany 5 POW 5 KIA May 28, 1944. MACR-5305
42-97073 B-17G Fortress 401BG615BS Code:IY-N Lost when shot down by fighters and crashed Muhro Germany 2 POW 8 KIA May 28, 1944. MACR-5311
42-50346 B-24H Liberator 445BG703BS Code:RN-? Lost when shot down by flak and crashed Stossen Germany 9 POW 1 KIA May 28, 1944. MACR-5302
42-110045 B-24J Liberator 44BG506BS The Flying Eightballs Name:'The Banana Barge' Code:GJ-K shot down by flak and crashed Dummerlohausen Germany 9 POW May 28, 1944. MACR-5353
42-97067 B-17G Fortress 457BG748BS The Fireball Outfit Code:RUW-067 Code:Y Name:'Black Puff Polly/Georgia Peach' shot down by fighters and flak crashed Osterholz Germany 9 POW 1 KIA 05/28/1944 Dessau
42-31520 B-17G Fortress 457BG751BS The Fireball Outfit Code:MJA-520 Code:A Lost May 28 1944 on a mission to Dessau I/A when shot down by fighters and crashed near Fulda - Dollbach Germany 9 POW MACR-5300
42-97452 B-17G Fortress 457BG751BS The Fireball Outfit Code:MJA-452 Code:L Failed to Return when shot down by fighters and crashed North Sea 9 MIA May 28, 1944 Dessau - Ditched in Channel. MACR-5296
41-29384 B-24H Liberator 466BG787BS The Flying Deck Code:6L-R Name:'Polaris, The Heavenly Body'
42-50345 B-24H Liberator 486BG832BS Bats out of Hell Code:3R-B assigned on:05/23/44 last operated by 486BG on:05/28/44 4 Replaced #496 was shot down by flak crashed in the English Channel, off Zuydcoote, France 3 POW 7 MIA (MACR:5389)
42-52764 B-24H Liberator 486BG833BS Wyverns/Pathfinders Code:4N-O assigned on:05/08/44 last operated by 486BG on:05/28/44 4 shot down by flak crashed in Charly des Bois Belgium 5 POW 5 EVD (MACR:5390)
42-52651 B-24H Liberator 487BG838BS Code:4F-R Name:'Starduster' Lost when shot down by flak May 28 1944, became a straggler on return was abandoned by crew and crashed 1 km W of Xhoris, 21 km S. or Liege, Belgium 6 POW 4 EVD. Target:Lutzkendorf MACR-5223. In original deployment - was presented to Pete Riegel's crew at Alamogordo. Purchased with War Bonds by the people of Franklin County, MO & approved by Gen. Arnold & others.

Luftwaffe Badge

Viktor Widmaier

Units: 7, 8 & 9/JG-11

Awards: EP, EK 1 & 2, Wound Badge, Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Fw 190A-6 WNr 470066 'White 7+I' (lost 2/10/44)

Remarks: One known victory, a B-17 10 km N of Langeoog on 2 October, 1943. Another, his 2nd, a B-17 by Telge on 8 October, 1943. His 3rd, a B-17 on 26 November, 1943. His 4th, a B-17 into the sea off Spiekeroog on 20 December, 1943. His 5th, a P-38 on 5 January, 1944. His 6th, a B-17 on 11 January, 1944. His 7th & 8th, a B-17 in the Rheine-Nordhorn area, and a P-47 near Hannover, on 10 February, 1944. WIA 10 February, 1944 during aerial combat with P-47's near Bentheim/Oldenburg.

Asisbiz Database of 8 aerial victories for Viktor Widmaier

No Date Time A/c Type Unit Location Comments
02-Oct-43 Viktor Widmaier 8./JG11 B-17 Fortress 7500m 17.21 AQ-4 (10km N Langeoog)
08-Oct-43 Viktor Widmaier 7./JG11 B-17 Fortress 7500m   05 Ost S/FQ 69 bei Talge
26-Nov-43 Viktor Widmaier 9./JG11 B-17 Fortress      
20-Dec-43 Viktor Widmaier 7./JG11 B-17 Fortress 7800m 12.05 AQ in See (off Spiekeroog)
05-Jan-44 Viktor Widmaier 8./JG11 P-38 Lightning      
11-Jan-44 Viktor Widmaier 8./JG11 B-17 Fortress      
10-Feb-44 Viktor Widmaier 7./JG11 P-47 Thunderbolt 7500m   GA Hannover area
10-Feb-44 Viktor Widmaier 7./JG11 B-17 Fortress 7000m 11.10 GP (Rheine-Nordhorn area)

Jever, Germany Map

Oldenburg, Germany Map

 

 Notes

 Citations

  1. Caldwell & Muller (2007), p. 182
  2. Caldwell & Muller (2007), p. 91
  3. Zorner (2007), pp. 125–139
  4. Obermaier (1986)
  5. Weal (1999b), p. 54
  6. Weal (1999a), pp. 36,49
  7. Weal (1999b), p. 93
  8. Weal (2006), pp. 70–71
  9. Weal (2006), p. 26
  10. Weal (1999b), p. 36
  11. Caldwell & Mulller (2007), p. 233
  12. Aces of the Luftwaffe.
  13. Weal (1999a), p. 37
  14. Caldwell & Muller (2007), p. 36, 78
  15. Weal (1996a), pp. 20–21
  16. Weal (1999b), p. 101
  17. Holmes 2010, p. 32.
  18. Droog, Bart. "RAF - No. 92 Squadron." Traces of World War 2 23 January 2008. Retrieved: 20 September 2010.
  19. Holm (1997–2003)
  20. Weal (1999b), p. 30
  21. Weal (1999b), p. 51
  22. Caldwell & Muller (2007), p. 124,184
  23. Reardon (14 July 1997), The Patriot Ledger
  24. Caldwell & Muller (2007), p. 184
  25. Weal (1999b), p. 71
  26. Gunther Specht on World War 2 Awards
  27. Franks 2000, p. 101.
  28. Franks 2000. p. 7.
  29. Parker (1998), pp. 383, 385–391
  30. Weal (1999b), p. 84
  31. Parker (1998), pp. 385–391.
  32. Manrho & Pütz 2004, pp. 148—149.
  33. Manhro and Pütz 2004, p. 279.
  34. Manrho & Pütz (2004), p. 149.
  35. Weal (2006), p. 84
  36. Obermaier (1989), p. 208.
  37. Patzwall and Scherzer (2001), p. 450.
  38. Scherzer (2001), p. 711.
  39. Manrho and Pütz 2004, p. 167.

 Bibliography:

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  • Parker, Danny S. (1998). To Win The Winter Sky: The Air War Over the Ardennes, 1944–1945. Da Capo Press. ISBN 1-58097-006-0.
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). German: Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941–1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8.
  • Reardon, Maurice F. (14 July 1997). "German researchers uncover local man's WW II plane". The Patriot Ledger. http://www.flugzeugabstuerze-saarland.de/html/oberalben.html.
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). German: Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives. Scherzers Militaer-Verl.. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
  • Weal, John (1996). Bf 109D/E Aces 1939–41. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-85532-487-9.
  • Weal, John (1999a). Messerschmitt Bf 110 Zerstorer Aces of World War 2. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-85532-753-5.
  • Weal, John (1999b). Bf 109 F/G/K Aces of the Western Front. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-85532-905-8.
  • Weal, John (2006). Bf 109 Defence of the Reich Aces. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84176-879-3.
  • Zorner, Paul (2007). German: Nächte im Bomberstrom: Erinnerungen 1920–1950. NeunundzwanzigSechs-Verl. ISBN 978-3-9807935-9-9.
  • "Günther Specht". World War 2 Awards. STIWOT. http://www.ww2awards.com/person/26963. Retrieved 18 May 2010.

 Web References:

  • Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/G%C3%BCnther_Specht

 Some of the most widely used Book References:

  • Fledgling Eagles: Luftwaffe Training Aircraft 1933-1945 (Classic Colours) by Barry Ketley ISBN-13: 978-1906537050 ISBN-10: 1906537054
  • Jagdwaffe: The Mediterranean 1942-1943, Vol. 4 (Luftwaffe Colours) First Edition by Jean-louis Roba (Author), Martin Pegg (Author) ISBN-13: 978-1903223352 ISBN-10: 1903223350
  • Jagdwaffe: The Mediterranean 1943-1945- Volume 4, Section 4 (Luftwaffe Colours) by Jean-Louis Roba (Author) ISBN-13: 978-1903223376 ISBN-10: 1903223377
  • Jadgwaffe: The War in Russia January - October 1942 (Luftwaffe Colours, Vol. 3, Section 4) by Erik Mombeek (Author), Christer Bergström (Author), Martin Pegg (Contributor) ISBN-13: 978-1903223239 ISBN-10: 1903223237
  • Jagdwaffe: Barbarossa, June-December 1941 (Luftwaffe Colours, Vol. 3, Section 2) by Eric Mombeek (Author) ISBN-13: 978-1903223215 ISBN-10: 1903223210
  • Messershcmitt Bf 109s Over the Mediterranean. Part 1 (Mini Topcolors) Paperback – June, 2013 by Maciej Goralczyk (Author), Arkadiusz Wrobel (Author)
  • BF 109 G/K: v. 2 (Monographs) Paperback – December 15, 2009 by Krzysztof Janowicz (Author)
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109F (Top Colors Series KG15019) Paperback – March, 2011 by Maciej Góralczyk (Author)
  • Luftwaffe Over Sevastopol (Air Battles) Paperback – January, 2010 by Marek Murawski (Author)
  • Luftwaffe over the Far North Part 1 (Minitopcolors) Paperback – February, 2013 by Maciej Góralczyk (Author)

 Some of the most widely used Magazine References:

  • Airfix Magazines (English) - http://www.airfix.com/
  • Avions (French) - http://www.aerostories.org/~aerobiblio/rubrique10.html
  • FlyPast (English) - http://www.flypast.com/
  • Flugzeug Publikations GmbH (German) - http://vdmedien.com/flugzeug-publikations-gmbh-hersteller_verlag-vdm-heinz-nickel-33.html
  • Flugzeug Classic (German) - http://www.flugzeugclassic.de/
  • Klassiker (German) - http://shop.flugrevue.de/abo/klassiker-der-luftfahrt
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://boutique.editions-lariviere.fr/site/abonnement-le-fana-de-l-aviation-626-4-6.html
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://www.pdfmagazines.org/tags/Le+Fana+De+L+Aviation/
  • Osprey (English) - http://www.ospreypublishing.com/
  • Revi Magazines (Czech) - http://www.revi.cz/