Stab I. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 77- Stab I./JG77

Messerschmitt Bf 109 F-4 Stab I./JG77 (1+ Kommandeur Major Heinz Bar Crimea Russia May 1942 02

Photo 01-02: The relocation of JG51 to the Eastern Front in 1941 resulted in a rapid rise in victories claimed by a number of pilots, including Heinz Bar, and on 2 July 1941 he was promoted to Leutnant and awarded the Knight's Cross for 27 victories. When he reached 60 victories on 14 August, Bar was decorated with the Oak Leaves and, at the beginning of 1942, took command of IV/JG51. In mid-February, having achieved 90 victories, he was awarded the Swords and in May succeeded Hptm. Herbert Ihlefeld as Kommandeur of I./JG77. These two photographs show Major Bar with one of his Bf 109F-4s, the rudder of which features a simple laurel wreath design enclosing the number' 100' to commemorate Bar's 100th victory, to which have been added another three bars. Bar claimed his 103rd victory on 19 May 1942 while operating from Kerch (East) airfield in the Crimea. For this feat, Bar was mentioned in the OKW bulletin of 20 May which stated: 'Hauptmann Bilr, Gruppenkommandeur in a jagdgeschwader, achieved his 99th to 103rd aerial victories yesterday. The total victory tally of Jagdgeschwader 77 has increased to 2,011. '

Luftwaffe JG77 Kommandeur Major Heinz Bar 1941 01

Photo 01: On 20 July 1941, Major Friedrich Beckh, the Kommandeur of lV./JG51, took over from Obstlt. Werner Molders as commander of JG51. Beckh (seen here on the right) was succeeded by Oblt. Karl-Gottfried Nordmann (left). Here, both officers apply new rank insignia to the flying jacket of Oblt. Heinz Bar who took over from Nordmann as Staffelkapitan of 12./JG51. By 22 July, Bar had already claimed 40 victories, followed on the 29th by his 50th. On 14 August, as the Wehrmacht's 31st recipient, he was awarded the Oak Leaves. Bar survived the war with 221 victories.

Luftwaffe JG77 Kommandeur Major Heinz Bar 1941 02

Photo 01: Oblt. Heinz Bar of IV/JG51 was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 2 July 1941 for 27 air victories. By 18 August, just six weeks later, his tally has risen to 60 and he was awarded the Eichenlaub. Soon afterwards, on 31 August 1941, he shot down two Pe-2s as his 79th and 80th victories but was obliged to make a forced landing behind enemy lines.

Messerschmitt Bf 109 F-4/Trop Stab I./JG27 (+ Gruppen Adjutant Heinz-Edgar Berres Tunisia 1943

Profile Source: Model Airplane Int 069 2011-04 Page 038

Messerschmitt Bf 109 F-4 Stab I./JG77 Herbert Ihlefeld WNr. 7555 Ostfront (Eastern Front) 1942

Photo 01: As the scores of the Luftwaffe's most successful pilots continued to increase, space on the rudder for recording more than 100 individual victory bars became a problem. A popular solution was to repaint the rudder commencing with a design representing either 100 victories or the total number - reached when the pilot was awarded the Ritterkreuz or other high decoration. A favourite design incorporated the number of victories in a wreath, as shown here on the rudder of Hptm. Herbert Ihlefeld's Bf 109 F-4, WNr. 7555. In this instance, a wreath of oak leaves encloses the number 100, representing this pilot's 100th victory on 22 April 1942, and a new running total of 101 victories is shown by the addition of a further bar. This 101st victory was claimed on 23 April, and on the 24th Ihlefeld was awarded the Swords.

Messerschmitt Bf 109 F-4 Stab II./JG77 ((+- Kommandeur Anton Mader Russia Sep 1942

Profile 00: Messerschmitt Bf 109 F-4 flown by Hptm. Anton Mader, Kommandeur of 11./JG77, September 1942 Hptm. Mader's aircraft carried the Gruppe badge below the windscreen and the double chevron of a Gruppenkommandeur ahead of the fuselage Balkenkreuz. The theatre markings consisted of a yellow panel under the engine and a narrow yellow fuselage band on the rear fuselage, while the rudder was plain white with no victory bars. The camouflage colours were RLM 74/75/76 and, to judge from the accompanying photograph, the spinner appears to have been green RLM 70 but with a large gloss white segment.

Messerschmitt Bf 109 F-4 Stab II./JG77 ((+- Anton Mader Russia Sep 1942 01-02

Photo 01-02: From June 1941 to late February 1943, II./JG77 was led by Hptm. Anton Mader who received the Deutches Kreuz on 2 January 1942 and the Ritterkreuz on 23 July 1942 after 40 victories. These photographs show Mader's Messerschmitt Bf 109F-4 in September 1942 being examined by Hungarian staff officers.

Messerschmitt Bf 109F Stab III./JG77 (I+ Kurt Ubben Russia Sep 5, 1941 01

Photo 01: This Bf 109F of Stab III./JG77 photographed in the early Autumn of 1941, carried 30 victory bars on the rudder and, although the pilot has not been positively identified, it is believed that this is a reserve aircraft used by Oblt. Kurt Ubben.

Luftwaffe Stab III./JG77 pilot Kurt Ubben

Portrait 01: A portrait of Hptm. Kurt Ubben, taken after he had been awarded the Oak Leaves on 12 March 1942.After service in Russia, Kurt Ubben's III./JG77 was transferred to North Africa and he later achieved his 100th victory in Tunisia. In March 1944 Ubben became Kommodore of JG2 in the West but was killed in France on 27 April 1944.At the time of his death he had been credited with a total of 110 victories.

Messerschmitt Bf 109 F-4 Stab III./JG77 Crimea May 1942

 
 IL-2 Sturmovik 'Cliff's of Dover' - COD game skins
IL2 game skin by AA Bf 109F4 Stab I./JG77 ((+ Heinz Bar WNr13376 Crimea Russia May 1942
IL2 game skin by CS Bf 109F4 Stab I./JG77 ((+ Heinz Bar WNr13376 Sicily 1942
IL2 game skin by ES Bf 109F4 Stab I./JG77 ((+ Heinz Bar WNr13376 Sicily 1942
IL2 game skin by ES Bf 109F4 Stab II./JG77 ((+ Anton Mader Russia 1942

 

Knights Cross

Heinz Bärr
Oskar Heinrich 'Heinz' or 'Pritzl' Bär

Units:1/JG-51, Stafkpt 12/JG-51, Kdr IV/JG-51, Kdr I/JG-77, Kdr JGr-Süd, II/JG-1 (4/44), Kdr JG-3, III/EJG-2, EKdo 162, JV-44

Awards:RK(7/2/41)-S(2/16/42), DK-G (6/8/42), EP(6/8/42), EK 1 & 2, Fighter Operational Clasp w/Pendant

Known Aircraft:Bf 109E-4 WNr 3714 White 13 (crashed into Channel 9/2/40, pilot rescued), Bf 109F-2 WNr 6663 White 7 (4/41), Bf 109F-2 WNr 8318 Brown 1 (8/41), Bf 109F-4 WNr 7555 (5/42), Bf 109F-4 WNr13376 <<+ (Italy '42), Fw 190A-7 WNr 172689 'Red 23', Fw 190A-8/R2, Fw 190A-9 WNr 205241 (9/44), Me 262C-1 V186 w III/EJG-2, He 162

Remarks:21 Bombers. His 200th victory was a B-24 Ser. # 41-29273 'Flak Magnet' of 458BG, 753BS, downed 22 April, 1944 (Abschussmeldung on file) at Hoetmar Germany, flown by 1/Lt Geo. N. Spaven Jr. (KIA). Germany's 9th ranked fighter Ace. 1000 combat missions. EL 8/14/41. History's first Jet Ace! 16 victories in the Me 262. 10 victories in the Desert, Kdr I/JG-77. He was shot down 18 times. His 100th victory, an I-16 Rata on 19 May, 1942, the same day he downed five; three additional I-16's and an R-5. His 200th victory, a B-24 in the Ahlen area on 22 April, 1944. One of his last victories, a P-47 in the Bad Aibling area on 28 April, 1945, and a Mosquito, next day, same area, serving in JV-44. Began as Fw in JG-51 in Bf 109E Werk # 3714 'White 13' & E # 6663 'White 7'. Also, Kdr I/JG-77 in May 1942. Served in JG-3 also. Fw 190A carried Werk # 172689 of II/JG-1. Also known to have flown Fw 190A-7 Werk # 431007 'Red 13' in II/JG-1. Flew an Me 262A-1a Wk#110559 'Red 13' also, in April, 1945. Often out of Göring's favor, he coined the phrase, 'In my crate, I'm the commander'. Killed in a light plane crash in Brunswick in 1957.

Oskar-Heinz (Heinrich) 'Pritzl' Bär (25 May 1913 – 28 April 1957) was a German Luftwaffe flying ace who served throughout World War II in Europe. A flying ace or fighter ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down five or more enemy aircraft during aerial combat.[1]Bär flew more than one thousand combat missions, and fought in all major German theatres of the war, including the Western, Eastern and Mediterranean fronts. On 18 occasions he survived being shot down, and he was credited with 220 aerial victories,[Notes 1][5]around 16 of which were in a jet fighter.

Bär, a Saxon with a strong accent, joined the Reichswehr in 1934 and transferred to the Luftwaffe in 1935. Serving first as a mechanic, then as a pilot on transport aircraft, he was informally trained as a fighter pilot. He claimed his first aerial victory in September 1939 on the French border. By the end of the Battle of Britain, his tally of victories had increased to 17. Transferred to the Eastern front to participate in Operation Barbarossa, he quickly accumulated further kills, a feat that earned him the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub and Schwertern) for 90 aerial victories in February 1942.

During the remainder of World War II, Bär was credited with 130 other aerial victories, including 16 while flying one of the first jet fighters, the Me 262, an achievement which would normally have earned him the coveted Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub, Schwertern und Brillanten).[4][6]However, Hermann Göring's personal dislike of Bär, coupled with Bär's insubordinate character and lack of military discipline, deprived him of this award.[7]After World War II, Bär continued his career as an aviator, he was killed in a flying accident on 28 April 1957 near Braunschweig.

Early life

Bär was born in Sommerfeld near Leipzig on 25 May 1913. His parents were farmers and Bär initially wanted to become a forester, for everything associated with wildlife and forests interested him. His first sight of a Junkers transport aircraft changed his mind and convinced him that he should become an aviator.[8]As a teenager, he became a glider pilot and had ambitions to become an airline pilot with Deutsche Luft Hansa.[9]He acquired the nickname Pritzl because of his affection for Pritzl candy bars.[10]

The Great Depression prevented Bär from gaining a civil pilot license. In 1934, he joined the Reichswehr and was assigned to the Kraftfahrabteilung 4 as a mechanic. He served in this position until the following year, when he was transferred to a combat unit of the Luftwaffe. A few months later, he was accepted for pilot training, receiving his transport aircraft pilot's license in 1937. He was transferred to I./Jagdgeschwader 135, the core of the future Jagdgeschwader 51 (JG 51), on 1 September 1938, usually flying the Junkers Ju 86.[Notes 2][9]The Squadron Leader (Staffelkapitän) Douglas Pitcairn noticed Bär's flying talents and tried to convince Bär to become a fighter pilot. Initially Bär refused, but after he illegally conducted some aerobatics in the Ju 86 leading to an engine failure, he reluctantly accepted and became a fighter pilot.[11][12]

World War II

Stationed on the border with France, Bär achieved his first victory—a Curtiss P-36 'Hawk'—on 25 September 1939 during the Phoney War air skirmishes with the Armée de l'Air (French air force), earning him the Iron Cross 2nd Class on 27 September 1939.[13]During the Battle of France, he is credited with two more aerial victories before adding a further ten during the Battle of Britain. During this time, he had several emergency landings with badly damaged planes and was shot down over the English Channel on 2 September 1940 by a Spitfire. Hermann Göring later questioned Bär about this aerial battle.[Notes 3]Bär was summoned to Göring and asked what he was thinking about while in the water. Bär immediately replied, 'Your speech, Herr Reichsmarschall that England is no longer an island![sic]', alluding to a speech that Göring had made before the German fighter pilots.[14]Incidents like this are testimony to his often blatant disregard for higher authority, a trait that would frequently land the young ace in trouble.[7]In the spring of 1941, he is credited with an additional four aerial victories against the Royal Air Force (RAF), bringing his total to 17.[14][16]

Eastern front

In June 1941, JG 51 was transferred East to take part in Operation Barbarossa. JG 51 at the time was part of the II. Fliegerkorps, operating in the central sector of the Eastern front. Bär claimed five aerial victories on 30 June 1941, bringing his total to 22.[17]On this day JG 51 was credited with 113 aerial victories in total, among them their 1,000th aerial victory—the first unit to reach this figure—and Colonel (Oberst) Werner Mölders, with 82 aerial victories, surpassed Manfred von Richthofen in number of victories.[18][19]Within two weeks of combat against the Soviet Air Force, Bär's tally rose to 27, which earned him the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) on 2 July, followed by his promotion to First Lieutenant (Oberleutnant) on 1 August 1941. On 14 August, he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub) for 60 victories, and on 30 August he became an 'ace in one day' by shooting down six Soviet aircraft. On 31 August, Bär was shot down some 50 kilometres (31 mi) behind Soviet lines, near Novgorod-Seversky. Bailing out, he suffered back injuries, but managed to walk back to German lines; his wounds necessitated a lengthy hospital treatment.[20]

Bär was promoted to Captain (Hauptmann) in the fall of 1941 and appointed Squadron Leader of 12./JG 51 in early 1942. His long time wingman at the time was Heinrich Hoffmann.[21]He received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern) on 16 February as his tally rose to 90. This achievement was mentioned in the daily Wehrmachtbericht (daily report by the High Command of the German Armed Forces regarding the military situation on all fronts) on 12 February 1942, his first of three references during the course of the war. On 11 May, Bär was transferred from IV./JG 51 on the Moscow front to take command of I. Gruppe of Gordon Gollob's Jagdgeschwader 77 (JG 77) flying wing; JG 77 was tasked with supporting the hard fighting over the Kerch straits on the Crimean peninsula. Led by the flying aces (Experten) Gollob and Bär, JG 77 took over the air space above Kerch-Taman as Gollob and Bär shot down two and three LaGG-3s respectively, raising Bär's victory total to 93.[22]Mutual animosity between the two men: Gollob, a disciplinarian pro-Nazi, and Bär, an anti-authoritarian, ensured an intense rivalry.[22]On 19 May 1942, Bär claimed five further aerial victories; his victory total now stood at 103. That same day, Inspector of Fighters (General der Jagdflieger) Adolf Galland arrived to inspect Bär's I./JG 77 and JG 77 surpassed 2,000 victories.[23][24]This flying achievement earned Bär a second mention in the daily Wehrmachtbericht on 20 May 1942.

Mediterranean theatre

In June 1942, JG 77 was moved to the Mediterranean theatre and took part in the air battles over Malta before relocating to Tunisia and participating in the North African Campaign. After Bär achieved his 149th aerial victory, General Hans-Jürgen von Arnim submitted him for the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub, Schwertern und Brillanten). Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring ignored this request, denying Bär the 'Diamonds'. The reason for this remains uncertain, but it is believed that Göring disliked Bär for his insubordinate character and strong Saxon dialect, which Göring was known to detest.[25]

'He was honest through and through. Whatever he told you was the truth. He never tried to cover things up as some pilots did.'[26]

Günther Rall, Chief of the Air Staff of the post-war Luftwaffe

Bär and his I. Gruppe of JG 77 operated from Fatnassa, Tunisia in early March 1943. On 1 March, Bär claimed a Spitfire shot down, then in the evening met Galland, who was making a surprise visit to I./JG 77. Galland was greeted by Major Joachim Müncheberg, who introduced Bär to Galland. Thus began a comradeship which outlasted World War II.[27]

Over North Africa and the Mediterranean theatre, Bär had increased his tally to 179, but, fighting a losing battle against ever-increasing Allied air superiority, Bär lost his fighting spirit, and suffered severe mental and physical exhaustion. After several arguments with JG 77's new Commander Colonel Johannes Steinhoff and Hermann Göring, in the summer of 1943 Bär was transferred to France 'for cowardice before the enemy' and demoted to Squadron Leader. He took over command of an operational training unit, Jagdgruppe Süd.[28][29]

Defense of the Reich

Major Heinrich Bär on 21 February 1944 inspecting his 184th aerial victory 'Miss Ouachita' a Boeing B-17F of 91st Bomb Group. Bär is wearing his favourite US leather flying jacket, his wingman Warrant Officer (Oberfeldwebel) Leo Schuhmacher is standing to his right.[30] His combat skills were hard to overlook and hence Bär was transferred to II./Jagdgeschwader 1 (JG 1) on 21 January 1944 as an ordinary pilot. He was assigned to 6./JG 1. Jagdgeschwader 1 (JG 1) Wing Commander (Geschwaderkommodore) Colonel Walter Oesau welcomed him with a reminder that he had promised Oberkommando der Luftwaffe (OKL) Göring that Bär would not be given any command responsibilities. Although Bär accepted this with humor, he later commented to others that in the air he was the 'Kommodore of his own crate'.[29][31]

On 15 March 1944, Bär, now a Major and rehabilitated from the demotion, was given command of II./Jagdgeschwader 1 (JG 1). This was after the death of Hauptmann Hermann Segatz on 8 March 1944. JG 1 was tasked with Reichsverteidigung (Defense of the Reich) and equipped with the Focke Wulf 190 A-7 fighter. Morale of the group soared following his appointment. He was considered the unofficial leader of the group and the best officer in the entire Geschwader.[32]This effectively completed his formal rehabilitation from the prior year's demotion. On 11 April 1944, Bär achieved his 199th aerial victory over a B-17 Flying Fortress near Fallersleben. His 200th aerial victory, a B-24 Liberator, was claimed on 22 April accompanied by his regular wingman Warrant Officer (Oberfeldwebel) Leo Schuhmacher, who would be awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 1 March 1945 as a fighter pilot in II./JG 1.[30][33]

Bär had just landed at Störmede airfield from a II./JG 1 intercept when a smoking United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) B-24 of the 458th Bombardment Group passed overhead. Bär and his wingman quickly got into their aircraft and intercepted the B-24. The bomber's gunners had already bailed out of the aircraft, making it an easy aerial victory.[34]Bär returned to Störmede airfield to the congratulations of his men. This double century victory would earn Bär his third and final reference in the Wehrmachtbericht on 24 April 1944. After Oesau's death on 11 May 1944, Bär was made acting Wing Commander of JG 1. In June, he was appointed Wing Commander of Jagdgeschwader 3 (JG 3) following the death of Friedrich-Karl Müller. By the end of 1944, Bär's score had risen to 203.[28][35]

Bär's 204th and 205th victories, against two Hawker Typhoons, were achieved on 1 January 1945 during Unternehmen Bodenplatte, a Luftwaffe mass attack against Allied airfields in the Benelux area. The operation resulted in hundreds of aircraft losses on both sides. Bär's JG 3 contributed by raiding Eindhoven in the Netherlands, shooting down about six RAF fighters and destroying many aircraft on the ground.[28][36]One of Bär's 'aerial kills', however, may not have been airborne. Historian Norman Franks states both aircraft, from No. 438 Squadron RAF, were taxiing when hit. Flight Lieutenant Pete Wilson was wounded and later died from his injuries after Bär's strafing attack. The second Typhoon did get airborne. Its pilot, Flight Officer Ross Keller was killed.[37]This version of events is contradicted. According to a witness, Pilot Officer 'Bill' Harle, both aircraft were airborne.[38]

Combat in the Me 262

In February, Bär was transferred to command the jet fighter training unit III./Ergänzungs-Jagdgeschwader 2 (EJG 2). In March, the unit was equipped with the Messerschmitt Me 262 fighter and sent into battle. Bär shot down 13 enemy aircraft, many of them heavy bombers like the B-17 and the B-24, bringing his score to 217. On 23 April, Bär transferred to the elite Jet Experten unit Jagdverband 44 (JV 44), led by Adolf Galland. On 26 April, he assumed command of the unit when Galland was wounded. Bär possibly flew his first operational sortie with JV 44 on 27 April 1945. Flying the Me 262 A-1/U5, a six MK 108 cannon prototype, he was accompanied by Major Wilhelm Herget and the non-commissioned officer NCO (Unteroffizier) Franz Köster when the trio engaged American fighters over Riem; Bär claimed one aerial victory.[39]While not flying operationally, Bär spent most of his time giving hasty instruction to the new pilots still being assigned to JV 44.[40]

With JV 44, he achieved his final four aerial victories (3 P-47s and 1 Mosquito) on 28 April,[41]bringing his total to 220. All told, he had achieved 16 victories in the Me 262, making him the second most successful Jet Expert of the war, which he finished as a Lieutenant Colonel (Oberstleutnant).[Notes 4][42][43]

During the final days of the Second World War in Europe, Lieutenant General (Generalleutnant) Adolf Galland attempted to surrender JV 44 to American forces from his hospital bed.[44]At the same time Air General (General der Flieger) Karl Koller had ordered JV 44 to relocate to Prague and continue fighting. Bär, as a Galland loyalist, attempted to ignore the order. Bär was further pressured to relocate JV 44 when Major General (Generalmajor) Dietrich Peltz, commander of IX. Fliegerkorps, and Colonel Hajo Herrmann, commander of 9. Flieger-Division (J), unexpectedly emerged at the control room in Maxglan on 2 May 1945. A heated and violent dispute erupted between Bär, Peltz and Herrmann, witnessed by Walter Krupinski. He later recalled that Bär responded with 'Yes, sir, but we are under the command of Generalleutnant Galland, and I will only follow orders of Generalleutnant Galland!'—a final act of disobedience that Krupinski believed could have gotten Bär shot for insubordination.[45]

In the early morning hours of 4 May 1945, Bär gathered the pilots of JV 44 for a final briefing. Bär ordered the remaining Me 262 destroyed before going into captivity and interrogation by US Intelligence officers of the 1st Tactical Air Force's Air Prisoner of War Interrogation Unit, based at Heidelberg.[46]

After the war

Bär did not return to his home in Sommerfeld after World War II. He settled in Braunschweig, where he continued his career in aviation, including a lead position for motor powered flight with the Deutscher Aero Club. He also worked as a consultant and test pilot in the field of sport aviation, testing aircraft before they went on the market. On 28 April 1957, while conducting a routine flight check in a light aircraft, a LF-1 Zaunkönig, Bär put the aircraft into a flat spin, the final manoeuvre in the test process. The aircraft spun down to 50 metres (160 ft) then, unable to regain control, Bär was killed in the resulting crash at Braunschweig-Waggum.[4][28][47]

Summary of career

Heinrich Bär, call sign 'Bussard 1', flew more than 1,000 combat missions. His 220 confirmed aerial victories place him eighth on the overall list of Experten.[Notes 1][Notes 5]His claim of 124 aerial victories over Western-flown aircraft is second only to Hans-Joachim Marseille's total of 158; almost all of the latter's victories occurred in Africa. He achieved four victories during the Battle of France, 13 during the Battle of Britain and 61 over Libya and Tunisia. On the Eastern front he had claimed 96 aerial victories. At least 75 of his victories had been claimed against British- and American-flown aircraft over Europe, 16 of these while flying the Me 262 jet fighter. Also among these 75 aerial victories are 21 US heavy bombers and one Mosquito. Bär crash-landed or bailed out 18 times and was wounded three times in combat.[4][28][48][49]

Awards

  • Wound Badge in Silver[50]
  • German Cross in Gold on 27 May 1942 as Captain in the I./JG 77[51][52]
  • Front Flying Clasp of the Luftwaffe in Gold with Pennant '1000'[16]
  • Combined Pilots-Observation Badge[16]
  • Honor Goblet of the Luftwaffe (1 June 1942)[50]
  • 'Africa' Cuffband[16]
  • Iron Cross (1939)
  • 2nd Class (29 September 1939)[53]
  • 1st Class (6 July 1940)[53]
  • Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords
  • Knight's Cross on 2 July 1941 as pilot and Second Lieutenant (Leutnant) in the 1./JG 51 after 27 aerial victories[50][54][Notes 6]
  • 31st Oak Leaves on 14 August 1941 as pilot and Second Lieutenant in the 1./JG 51 after 60 aerial victories[50][55][Notes 6]
  • 7th Swords on 16 February 1942 as Captain and Squadron Leader of the 1./JG 51 after 90 aerial victories[50][56][Notes 6]

Mentioned three times in the Wehrmachtbericht

Three times Heinz Bär was recommended for the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds. All three commendations were denied by Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring. Bär shot down a further 130 enemy aircraft after he had received the Swords.[57]

References in the Wehrmachtbericht Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation

Thursday, 12 February 1942 Hauptmann Baer, Staffelkapitän in einem Jagdgeschwader, errang seinen 89. und 90. Luftsieg.[58]Hauptmann Baer, squadron leader in a fighter wing, recorded his 89th and 90th aerial victory.

Wednesday, 20 May 1942 - Hauptmann Baer, Gruppenkommandeur in einem Jagdgeschwader, errang am gestrigen Tag seinen 99. bis 103. Luftsieg.[59]Hauptmann Baer, group commander in a fighter wing, recorded yesterday his 99th to 103rd aerial victory.

24 April 1944 - Major Baer, Gruppenkommandeur in einem Jagdgeschwader, errang im Kampf mit britisch-nordamerikanischen Flugzeugen seinen 200. Luftsiege.[60]Major Baer, group commander in a fighter wing, recorded in combat with British-North American aircraft his 200th aerial victory.

Dates of rank

  • 1 August 1940: Leutnant (Second Lieutenant)[50]
  • 1 August 1941: Oberleutnant (First Lieutenant)[50]
  • September/October 1941: Hauptmann (Captain)[50]
  • 1 March 1943: Major (Major)[50]
  • 1 January 1945: Oberstleutnant (Lieutenant Colonel)[50]

Asisbiz database list of 175 aerial victories for Heinz Bar

Date Pilot Name Unit Enemy A/C Type Height Time Location
25-Sep-39 Heinz Bar 1./JG51 Hawk-75A   12.30 Weissenburg/Lauterburg
21-May-40 Heinz Bar 1./JG51   16.20 Samer
23-May-40 Heinz Bar 1./JG51   11.10 Bethune
18-Aug-40 Heinz Bar 1./JG51      
20-Aug-40 Heinz Bar 1./JG51   16.10  
24-Aug-40 Heinz Bar 1./JG51 1000m 14.13  
29-Aug-40 Heinz Bar 1./JG51   20.10  
02-Sep-40 Heinz Bar 1./JG51 2500m    
08-Sep-40 Heinz Bar 1./JG51   13.20  
09-Sep-40 Heinz Bar 1./JG51 6500m    
15-Sep-40 Heinz Bar 1./JG51      
08-Nov-40 Heinz Bar 1./JG51   12.18  
08-Nov-40 Heinz Bar 1./JG51 5000m 15.05 N Dungeness
16-Apr-41 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG51 6200m 18.25 15km ausflug Le Touquet
21-Apr-41 Heinz Bar 1./JG51 6500m 20.07 ausflug Ashford
06-May-41 Heinz Bar 1./JG51 200m 14.10 15-20km nordw Calais
11-May-41 Heinz Bar 1./JG51 50m 21.40 8km E Deal
22-Jul-41 Heinz Bar 12./JG51 I-15 Rata   10.50  
22-Jul-41 Heinz Bar 12./JG51 I-15 Rata   15.03  
23-Jul-41 Heinz Bar 12./JG51 Pe-2   13.02  
23-Jul-41 Heinz Bar 12./JG51 Pe-2   12.57  
23-Jul-41 Heinz Bar 12./JG51 R-3   13.10  
24-Jul-41 Heinz Bar 12./JG51 I-18   06.20  
26-Jul-41 Heinz Bar 12./JG51 R-3   04.25  
28-Nov-41 Heinz Bar 12./JG51 SB-3   13.40  
02-Dec-41 Heinz Bar 12./JG51 I-61   12.07  
02-Dec-41 Heinz Bar 12./JG51 I-18   08.45  
02-Dec-41 Heinz Bar 12./JG51 I-18   09.00  
02-Dec-41 Heinz Bar 12./JG51 Pe-2   10.15  
05-Dec-41 Heinz Bar 12./JG51 I-61   12.05  
07-Dec-41 Heinz Bar 12./JG51 Pe-2   11.30  
07-Dec-41 Heinz Bar 12./JG51 Pe-2   13.57  
16-May-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 LaGG-3   10.40  
16-May-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 LaGG-3   10.35  
17-May-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   13.35  
17-May-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 I-15 Rata   13.40  
17-May-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77   13.05  
18-May-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 LaGG-3   16.05  
18-May-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 LaGG-3   12.10  
19-May-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   16.50  
19-May-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   16.46  
19-May-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   16.45  
19-May-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   16.42  
19-May-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 R-5   09.42  
05-Jun-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 DB-3      
05-Jun-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 DB-3A   09.32  
13-Jun-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   12.35  
14-Jun-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   18.58  
14-Jun-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   19.00  
17-Jun-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 MBR-2   17.35  
19-Jun-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   04.17  
21-Jun-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   18.41  
21-Jun-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   18.35  
27-Jun-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   06.35  
27-Jun-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   06.43  
11-Oct-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77      
13-Oct-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77   08.14 10km N. Marsa Scirocco
13-Oct-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77   07.58 N. Malta
14-Oct-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 5700m 17.59 Comiso based 30km NW St. Paul's bay
17-Oct-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77   13.32 SE La Valetta
17-Oct-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77      
02-Nov-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77   14.50 Bir-el-Abd based
03-Nov-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   15.58 Bir-el-Abd based
03-Nov-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   12.10 Bir-el-Abd based
03-Nov-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   12.08 Bir-el-Abd based NW El Alamein
03-Nov-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   16.12 Bir-el-Abd based NW El Alamein
03-Nov-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk 3000m 12.10 SW El Alamein
03-Nov-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk 3000m 15.59 NW Quotaifiya
03-Nov-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk 3000m 15.55 Bir-el-Abd based NW El Alamein
05-Nov-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk 7000m 13.40 Gambut based
05-Nov-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77   13.50 Gambut based
09-Nov-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   14.50 Bir-el-Arco based
10-Nov-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk 1700m 14.38 Bir-el-Arco based
10-Nov-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk 2500m 14.34 Bir-el-Arco based
11-Nov-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk 7000m 09.30 Bir-el-Arco based SE Gambut
11-Nov-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   09.38 Bir-el-Arco based SE Gambut
07-Dec-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk/Spitfire   14.50 Arco-Philaenorum base W. El Agheila
07-Dec-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk/Spitfire   14.52 Arco-Philaenorum base W. El Agheila
08-Dec-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   10.40 Arco-Philaenoroum base
08-Dec-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   10.55 -
10-Dec-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk 4500m 15.10 Arco-Philenorum base
10-Dec-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk 2800m 15.15 Arco-Philenorum base
11-Dec-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   15.32 E. Ras Umm er Garanigh
11-Dec-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   15.35  
14-Dec-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk 5500m 11.20 Arco-Philenorum based
14-Dec-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk 30-80m 11.25 W. El Agheila
14-Dec-42 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   11.21  
14-Jan-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 B-25 Mitchell 5000-6000m 10.43 Bir Dufan based
14-Jan-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk 5000-6000m 10.39 Bir Dufan based
14-Jan-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 B-25 Mitchell   10.44 Bir Dufan based
14-Jan-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 3700m 14.32 Bir Dufan based
14-Jan-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77   14.37 Bir Dufan based
21-Jan-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-38 Lightning 200m 15.15  
21-Jan-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-38 Lightning 40m 15.15  
23-Jan-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk   11.40 Ben Gardane based
25-Jan-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk 2300m 12.38 Ben Gardane based
25-Jan-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk 2800m 12.35 Ben Gardane based
27-Jan-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk 50m 15.05 Ben Gardane based
27-Jan-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk   15.01 Ben Gardane based
27-Jan-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk 80m 14.48 Ben Gardane based
04-Feb-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 B-17 Fortress II   14.25  
04-Feb-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 B-17 Fortress II   14.20 Matmata based
15-Feb-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 1500m 07.46 Fatnassa based
15-Feb-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77   07.45 Fatnassa based
26-Feb-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk 6500m 17.08 Fatnassa based
26-Feb-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk   14.05 Fatnassa based
26-Feb-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk 1000m 17.03 Fatnassa based
26-Feb-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk   14.15 Fatnassa based
26-Feb-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 4500m 10.55 Fatnassa based
27-Feb-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 6200m 10.50 Fatnassa based
27-Feb-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   14.00 Time confliction
01-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77   14.50 Fatnassa based
01-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77   08.45 Time confliction
03-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77      
03-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77      
05-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77   08.00 Type & Time confliction
05-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk   07.40 Fatnassa based
05-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk   07.45 Fatnassa based
06-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77   07.58 Fatnassa based
06-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77   13.23 Fatnassa based
07-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77   13.25 Fatnassa based
07-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77   14.45 Time confliction
10-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk   16.32 Fatnassa based
13-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk   12.27 Fatnassa based
23-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk 5800m 10.53 Fatnassa based
23-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-39 Aircobra      
24-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk 6000m 10.10 Fatnassa based
24-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk   10.12 Fatnassa based
25-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 A-20 Boston   12.09 Fatnassa based
26-Mar-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk     Date & E/A Type conflcition
16-Apr-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77   15.50 Tunis/Soliman-Sud based
19-Apr-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77      
29-Apr-43 Heinz Bar Stab I./JG77 4500m 15.25  
02-Dec-43 Heinz Bar Stab /JGr.Sud P-38 Lightning 6000m 13.09 SW St Marie-de-la-Mer
02-Dec-43 Heinz Bar Stab /JGr.Sud B-17 Fortress 5500m 13.06 SE St Marie-de-la-Mer
10-Feb-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 B-17 Fortress 7000m 11.13 FN (Zwolle-Meppen)
10-Feb-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 P-47 Thunderbolt 3000m 11.18 FO Zwolle-Coevorden
21-Feb-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 B-17 Fortress 6500m 13.58 12-14km W Hannover
21-Feb-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 P-51 Mustang 6000m 14.03 GT-58 (5km N Stadthagen)
21-Feb-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 B-17 Fortress   15.25 NNW Rheine
22-Feb-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 B-17 Fortress 2500m 14.18 05 Ost S/HO-1/4 North of Grevenbroich
22-Feb-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 B-17 Fortress   12.51 05 Ost S/KO nordestlich Bottrop
24-Feb-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 B-24 Liberator   12.34 05 Ost S/GS-9 East of Osnabruck
24-Feb-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 B-24 Liberator 8500m 12.30 05 Ost S/GR-8 (E Osnabruck)
25-Feb-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 B-24 Liberator   14.55 05 Ost S/UR-2/3 Raum Germersheim
25-Feb-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 B-17 Fortress e.V. 7500m 13.43 04 Ost N/AT-8/9 Raum Stuttgart
25-Feb-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 B-17 Fortress Hss 5000m 14.45 05 Ost S/US 1-5 (Heilbronn)
25-Feb-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 B-17 Fortress Hss 8500m 13.30 US-UT-AS-AT
03-Mar-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 P-51 Mustang Low Level 11.40 05 Ost S/EU 3-6 (SE Soltau)
06-Mar-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 B-17 Fortress   14.45 05 Ost S/GO/GN Raum Deventer
06-Mar-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 B-17 Fortress 6000m 12.10 FS-45 (W Diepholz)
06-Mar-44 Heinz Bar 6./JG1 B-17 Fortress 6000m 12.00 05 Ost S/FR-4 (S Dinklage)
29-Mar-44 Heinz Bar Stab II./JG1 P-51 Mustang 2500m 13.25 15 Ost S/HB-9 South Solingen
29-Mar-44 Heinz Bar Stab II./JG1 P-51 Mustang 500m 13.35 FB-9 (10km N Oebisfelde)
08-Apr-44 Heinz Bar Stab II./JG1 B-24 Liberator 7000m 13.50 05 Ost S/EB SW Salzwedel
11-Apr-44 Heinz Bar Stab II./JG1 B-17 Fortress   10.59 15 Ost S/FB-7 10km NE Fallersleben
22-Apr-44 Heinz Bar Stab II./JG1 B-24 Liberator 7000m 20.08 05 Ost S/JQ Ahlen area
29-Apr-44 Heinz Bar Stab II./JG1 P-47 Thunderbolt   10.56 05 Ost S/HB NW Halberstadt
29-Apr-44 Heinz Bar Stab II./JG1 B-24 Liberator 6500m 10.59 GB (area NE Braunschweig)
07-Aug-44 Heinz Bar Stab /JG3 P-47 Thunderbolt Low Level 14.40 CD-85 (Ymonville SE Chartres)
01-Jan-45 Heinz Bar StabJG3 Typhoon   09.25 Fl.Pl. Eindhoven
01-Jan-45 Heinz Bar StabJG3 Typhoon   09.23 Fl.Pl. Eindhoven
19-Mar-45 Heinz Bar Stab III./EJG2 P-51 Mustang   - -
21-Mar-45 Heinz Bar Stab III./EJG2 B-24 Liberator   - -
24-Mar-45 Heinz Bar Stab III./EJG2 B-25 Mitchell   - Stuttgart
24-Mar-45 Heinz Bar Stab III./EJG2 P-51 Mustang   - Stuttgart
27-Mar-45 Heinz Bar Stab III./EJG2 P-47 Thunderbolt   - Raum Lechfeld
27-Mar-45 Heinz Bar Stab III./EJG2 P-47 Thunderbolt   - Raum Lechfeld
27-Mar-45 Heinz Bar Stab III./EJG2 P-47 Thunderbolt   - Raum Lechfeld
04-Apr-45 Heinz Bar Stab III./EJG2 P-51 Mustang   - -
09-Apr-45 Heinz Bar Stab III./EJG2 B-26 Marauder   10.06 Raum Amberg-Kummersbruck
09-Apr-45 Heinz Bar Stab III./EJG2 B-26 Marauder   10.05 Raum Amberg-Kummersbruck
17-Apr-45 Heinz Bar Stab III./EJG2 B-26 Marauder   - -
18-Apr-45 Heinz Bar Stab III./EJG2 P-47 Thunderbolt   - Raum Nurnberg?
18-Apr-45 Heinz Bar Stab III./EJG2 P-47 Thunderbolt   - Raum Nurnberg?
19-Apr-45 Heinz Bar Stab III./EJG2 P-51 Mustang   - -
19-Apr-45 Heinz Bar Stab III./EJG2 P-51 Mustang   - -
27-Apr-45 Heinz Bar JV44 P-47 Thunderbolt   - -
27-Apr-45 Heinz Bar JV44 P-47 Thunderbolt   - -
28-Apr-45 Heinz Bar JV44 P-47 Thunderbolt   - Raum Bad Aibling
29-Apr-45 Heinz Bar JV44 Mosquito   - Raum Bad Aibling

Knights Cross

Heinz-Edgar Berres

Units:3/JG-77 (3/42 S.U. & 6/42 Malta), Stfkpt 1/JG-77(7/42)

Awards:RK(9/19/43), DK-G(2/16/43), EP(1/18/43), EK 1 & 2, Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft:Bf 109E-7 WNr 6095 'Black <<' (30% dam 3/17/42), Bf 109F(Trop.), Bf 109G-2(Trop), Bf 109G-6 WNr 18101 'BF+QU' (lost 7/25/43)

Remarks:MIA 25 July, 1943 after being overwhelmed in his G-6 by British fighters while escorting Ju 52's over the Strait of Messina. Belly landed in Ihlefeld's old plane, Wk# 6095, on 17 March, 1943 in the Stalino area. 354 missions. His first known Soviet victory, an I-16 Rata on 24 March, 1942. 47 victories in the West, including 7 victories in the Desert. One known Desert victory, a British fighter NW of Quotaifiya on 3 November, 1942. Another, a P-40 of SAAF No. 4 Sq. near Marble Arch, N. Africa. A Baltimore W of El Haseiat on 7 December, 1942. A P-40 E of Ras el Umm Garanigh on 11 December, 1942. A Spitfire W of Marble Arch on 13 December, 1942. A P-40 W of el Agheila on 14 December, 1942. 2 bombers, one, a B-25 on 14 January, 1943. Bowers/Lednicer, 53 victories.

Asisbiz database of 52 aerial victories for Heinz-Edgar Berres

Date Pilot Name Unit EA Type Height Time Location
Thursday, January 08, 1942 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77   13:07 Bir Dufan based
Tuesday, March 24, 1942 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 I-16 Rata   13:45  
Friday, June 12, 1942 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 B-24 Liberator   05:28  
Wednesday, July 08, 1942 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77   06:48  
Thursday, July 09, 1942 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 5200m 19:20 S. Jaida es Soda
Saturday, July 18, 1942 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77   14:54  
Wednesday, July 22, 1942 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77   11:39  
Thursday, July 23, 1942 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 P-40 Tomahawk   16:44  
Thursday, July 23, 1942 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77   16:44  
Tuesday, September 15, 1942 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77   18:10  
Tuesday, September 15, 1942 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77   18:10  
Friday, September 25, 1942 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77   11:42  
Saturday, September 26, 1942 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77   11:42  
Tuesday, October 06, 1942 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77   11:11 Comiso based
Tuesday, October 13, 1942 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77   10:45  
Wednesday, October 14, 1942 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77   08:07 Comiso based
Saturday, October 17, 1942 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77   13:33  
Saturday, October 17, 1942 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77   08:07 Comiso based (Listed 1333)
Sunday, November 01, 1942 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   07:17 Bir-el-Abd based
Tuesday, November 03, 1942 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   15:57 Bir-el-Abd based
Wednesday, November 11, 1942 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   09:31 NE Bir-el-Arca
Monday, December 07, 1942 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 Baltimore   15:40 Arco-Philaenorum base
Friday, December 11, 1942 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   15:35  
Sunday, December 13, 1942 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77   12:50 Arco-Philaenoroum based
Monday, December 14, 1942 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   11:22 Arco-Philenorum based
Friday, January 08, 1943 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 5400m 13:07 Bir Dufan based
Thursday, January 14, 1943 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 B-25 Mitchell   10:45 Bir Dufan based
Thursday, February 04, 1943 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 P-38 Lightning   14:42 Matmata based
Thursday, February 04, 1943 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 P-38 Lightning   14:42 Matmata based
Monday, February 08, 1943 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 B-25 Mitchell   12:50 Fatnassa based
Friday, February 26, 1943 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk   17:02 Fatnassa based
Friday, February 26, 1943 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 P-40E Warhawk   14:02 Fatnassa based
Sunday, March 07, 1943 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77   14:44  
Wednesday, March 17, 1943 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77   14:44 Fatnassa based
Thursday, March 18, 1943 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77   13:18 Fatnassa based
Wednesday, March 24, 1943 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 B-25 Mitchell   09:58 -
Wednesday, March 24, 1943 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   09:55 -
Wednesday, March 24, 1943 Heinz-Edgar Berres Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk 2000m 10:06 -
Friday, April 02, 1943 Heinz-Edgar Berres 3./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   11:50  
Wednesday, April 07, 1943 Heinz-Edgar Berres 3./JG77   08:07  
Friday, April 16, 1943 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77   15:48  
Thursday, April 22, 1943 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77   17:38  
Wednesday, May 05, 1943 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   16:46  
Thursday, July 01, 1943 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77      
Friday, July 02, 1943 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77   14:57  
Friday, July 02, 1943 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77   14:35  
Friday, July 02, 1943 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 P-40E Warhawk   07:58  
Friday, July 02, 1943 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 P-40E Warhawk   08:10  
Saturday, July 03, 1943 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 B-25 Mitchell   11:02  
Sunday, July 04, 1943 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77     10:31  
Monday, July 05, 1943 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 B-17 Fortress   11:24  
Saturday, July 24, 1943 Heinz-Edgar Berres 1./JG77 P-51 Mustang 200m 11:30 5km S Ceraro

Knights Cross

Herbert Ihlefeld

Units: Legion Condor, Kdr I/LG-2 ('40),Kdr JG-52 ('41), Kdr JG-103, Kdr I./JG-1, Kdr JG-1 (5/44 to end)

Awards: RK(9/13/40)-S(4/24/42), Span.Cross, Rom.Order, DK-G(4/20/42), EP(6/12/41), EK 1 & 2, Ftr Oper. Clasp w/Pend

Known Aircraft: Bf 109E-4 WNr 5057 '<<+' & Bf 109E-7 WNr 6095 in LG-2, Bf 109E-4 'Blk 1'(9/40) & 'Blk <<' (7/41) in LG-2, Bf 109E-7 WNr 2507 'Black <1' (4/41), Bf 109F-4 WNr 7555 'VE+WH' (4/42) & G, Fw 190A-8(lost 1/1/45), He 162

Remarks: Channel pilot. 15 Bombers. EL on 27 June, 1941. 1000+ combat missions. 7 victories in Spain. 56 victories in the West. His first victory was a Morane 406 at Chauny, 29 May, 1940. Two additional victories, a Spitfire W of Abbeville and a Blenheim E of Aire on 30 June, 1940. His 4th, a Spitfire at Themsemünding on 9 July, 1940. His 5th, a Blenheim at Barkham on 13 August, 1940. Nos.6 & 7, both Spitfires over Dover on 22 August, 1940. Nos.8 & 9, both Spitfires, one over Dover, the other over London, on 24 August, 1940. His 10th, a Spitfire at Biggin Hill on 30 August, 1940. Nos.20 & 21, both Spitfires, one at London, the other at Ashford, on 11 September, 1940. Nos.24 & 25, both Spitfires at London on 27 September, 1940. His 1st known Soviet victory, an I-16 on 22 June, 1941. His 115th victory, a Spitfire at Bayeux on 12 July, 1944. His 119th & 120th, a Lancaster and a Spitfire 20 km ENE of Rouen on 25 July, 1944. Ceashed an A-8 in Rotterdam during Operation Bodenplatte. Flew all five years of the war. He never flew any combat missions in the He 162. Deceased 8 August, 1995. Photo & Hoehler Personality Photo/Profile

Asisbiz Database of 121 aerial victories for Herbert Ihlefeld

Date Pilot Name Unit EA Type Height Time Location
29-May-40 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I.(J)/LG2 Morane 406   20.12 Western Front Chauny
30-Jun-40 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./LG2   15.25 Western Front
30-Jun-40 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./LG2   15.30 Western Front
09-Jul-40 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I.(J)/LG2   17.04 Battle of Britain Thames Estuary
13-Aug-40 Herbert Ihlefeld 2.(J)/LG2   17.10 Battle of Britain Barham
22-Aug-40 Herbert Ihlefeld 2.(J)/LG2   15.30 Battle of Britain Dover
22-Aug-40 Herbert Ihlefeld 2.(J)/LG2   15.35 Battle of Britain Dover
24-Aug-40 Herbert Ihlefeld 2.(J)/LG2   12.40 Battle of Britain Dover
24-Aug-40 Herbert Ihlefeld 2.(J)/LG2   16.55 Battle of Britain South of London
26-Aug-40 Herbert Ihlefeld 2.(J)/LG2   19.25 Battle of Britain Biggin Hill
31-Aug-40 Herbert Ihlefeld 2.(J)/LG2   14.00 Battle of Britain Kenley
02-Sep-40 Herbert Ihlefeld 2.(J)/LG2   14.25 Battle of Britain Dungeness
02-Sep-40 Herbert Ihlefeld 2.(J)/LG2   18.20 Battle of Britain Sheerness
05-Sep-40 Herbert Ihlefeld 2.(J)/LG2     Battle of Britain South of London
05-Sep-40 Herbert Ihlefeld 2.(J)/LG2   11.10 Battle of Britain South of London
06-Sep-40 Herbert Ihlefeld 2.(J)/LG2   17.55 Battle of Britain Ashford
06-Sep-40 Herbert Ihlefeld 2.(J)/LG2   10.10 Battle of Britain South of London
07-Sep-40 Herbert Ihlefeld 2.(J)/LG2   18.30 Battle of Britain Maidstone
07-Sep-40 Herbert Ihlefeld 2.(J)/LG2   18.20 Battle of Britain Rochester
11-Sep-40 Herbert Ihlefeld 2.(J)/LG2   10.50 Battle of Britain South of London
11-Sep-40 Herbert Ihlefeld 2.(J)/LG2   17.35 Battle of Britain Ashford
15-Sep-40 Herbert Ihlefeld 2.(J)/LG2   15.30 Battle of Britain South of London
24-Sep-40 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I.(J)/LG2   10.25 Battle of Britain
24-Sep-40 Herbert Ihlefeld 1.(J)/LG2   10.25 Battle of Britain South of London
27-Sep-40 Herbert Ihlefeld 1.(J)/LG2   10.10 Battle of Britain South of London
27-Sep-40 Herbert Ihlefeld 1.(J)/LG2   10.50 Battle of Britain South of London
17-Jan-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./LG2   15.50 Reich (Western Front)
10-Feb-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I.(Jagd)/LG2   13.24 Reich (Western Front)
14-Feb-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./LG2   13.40 Reich (Western Front)
14-Feb-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./LG2   13.48 Reich (Western Front)
26-Feb-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./LG2   14.15 Reich (Western Front)
26-Feb-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./LG2   14.30 Reich (Western Front)
01-Mar-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./LG2   17.15 Reich (Western Front)
13-Mar-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab /LG2   15.45 Reich (Western Front)
19-Mar-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab /LG2   19.08 Reich (Western Front)
19-Mar-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab /LG2   19.10 Reich (Western Front)
25-Mar-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./LG2   12.30 Reich (Western Front)
26-Mar-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I.(J)LG2   12.30 Dungeness
16-May-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./LG2   16.50 Balkans & Greece MTO Crete Campaign
26-May-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./LG2     Balkans & Greece
22-Jun-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   04.30 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
23-Jun-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 SB-2   05.50 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
26-Jun-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   09.10 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
26-Jun-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 SB-2   09.20 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
27-Jun-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   09.20 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
02-Jul-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   16.07 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
04-Jul-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   17.48 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
06-Jul-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   18.50 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
09-Jul-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-153   09.35 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
10-Jul-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 P-40 Warhawk   13.17 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
12-Jul-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 MiG-3   11.20 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
15-Oct-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 MiG-3   17.42 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
08-Dec-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-116   14.02 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
09-Dec-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   13.00 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
11-Dec-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 SB-3   10.15 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
11-Dec-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-116   10.12 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
22-Dec-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-15 Rata   13.25 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
22-Dec-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 MiG-3   10.05 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
27-Dec-41 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   14.00 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
05-Jan-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./LG2 I-16 Rata   15.00 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
19-Jan-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   15.15 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
20-Jan-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 -     Ostfront (Eastern Front)
20-Jan-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 -     Ostfront (Eastern Front)
24-Jan-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   12.10 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
24-Jan-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 SB-3   12.12 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
25-Jan-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 R-10   12.35 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
04-Feb-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 SB-2   12.50 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
04-Feb-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 R-10   15.50 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
11-Feb-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   14.00 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
17-Mar-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-26   09.00 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
20-Mar-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-26   16.50 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
20-Mar-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 R-15   16.25 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
21-Mar-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   17.09 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
21-Mar-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   17.10 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
24-Mar-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77   20.50 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
24-Mar-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   07.00 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
24-Mar-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-16 Rata   07.02 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
24-Mar-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 R-10   13.38 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
24-Mar-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 R-10   13.40 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
27-Mar-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-301   17.05 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
30-Mar-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-301   09.45 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
30-Mar-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-301   09.45 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
30-Mar-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 R-5   11.40 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
30-Mar-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 R-10   11.42 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
30-Mar-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 R-10   11.48 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
30-Mar-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 R-10   11.55 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
30-Mar-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 R-10   1150 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
06-Apr-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 R-5   15.10 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
08-Apr-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-61     Ostfront (Eastern Front)
19-Apr-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-301   11.45 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
19-Apr-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-301   09.11 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
19-Apr-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-61   11.45 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
19-Apr-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-61   15.20 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
20-Apr-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-61   14.56 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
20-Apr-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-61   14.57 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
20-Apr-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-61   14.55 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
20-Apr-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-61   08.10 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
20-Apr-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-61   08.11 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
20-Apr-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-61   08.12 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
21-Apr-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-61   17.10 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
21-Apr-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-61   17.13 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
22-Apr-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-301   12.35 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
22-Apr-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-301   17.30 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
22-Apr-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-301     Ostfront (Eastern Front)
22-Apr-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-301     Ostfront (Eastern Front)
23-Apr-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 LaGG-3     Ostfront (Eastern Front)
25-Apr-42 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab I./JG77 I-61     Ostfront (Eastern Front)
13-Nov-43 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab /JGr.25 P-38 Lightning 5000m 11.58 Channel Front South of Quakenbruck
08-May-44 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab /JG1 B-17 Fortress   12.00 Channel Front ET-2 (bei Verden)
08-May-44 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab /JG1 B-17 Fortress   09.56 Channel Front ET-1 (bei Thedinghausen)
12-Jul-44 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab /JG1 5500m 19.03 Channel Front 15 West S/TT-9 (Carpiquet)
12-Jul-44 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab /JG1 5000m 19.04 Channel Front 15 West S/TT-9 (Carpiquet)
12-Jul-44 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab /JG1 5000m 19.05 Channel Front 15 West S/TT-8 (Bayeux)
14-Jul-44 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab /JG1 P-51 Mustang 1200m 19.17 Channel Front UU-1 (South Caen)
14-Jul-44 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab /JG1 1000m 19.19 Channel Front UU-1 (South Caen)
18-Jul-44 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab /JG1 P-38 Lightning Low Level 09.55 Channel Front UC-15 (Louviers)
25-Jul-44 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab /JG1 Lancaster 3200m 19.23 Channel Front TC-3 (20km ENE Rouen)
25-Jul-44 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab /JG1 3000m 19.30 Channel Front TC-3 (20km ENE Rouen)
27-Jul-44 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab /JG1 P-51 Mustang 1500m 07.27 Channel Front UU-AU (Caen-Lisieux)
01-Aug-44 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab /JG1 P-51 Mustang     Channel Front
26-Nov-44 Herbert Ihlefeld Stab /JG1 B-17 Fortress     Channel Front

Knights Cross

Anton Mader

Units:1/JG-2, Stafkpt 3/JG-76, Kdr II/JG-77 (7/42 S.U.), Kdr II/JG-11, Kdr JG-11, Kdr JG-54 (2/44 S.U.)

Awards:RK(7/15/42), DK-G(1/12/42), EP(10/7/41), EK 1 & 2, Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft:Bf 109F-4 'Black ((+ (9/42) in JG-77( Oper Barbarossa), Fw 190A-6 in JG-54

Remarks:25 victories in the West. His first victory, a Spitfire S of Portland on 9 July, 1940, while in 1/JG-2. His 2nd, a Spitfire ESE of London on 24 September, 1940. His 3rd, a Spitfire 20 km N of Portland on 7 October, 1940. Extremely popular unit commander. His 40th victory, a Soviet unnamed AC on 2 July, 1942. A Soviet triple on 6 August, 1942; three DB-7's. A LaGG-3 on 23 August, 1942. Two Il-2's on 25 August, 1942. An Il-2 on 5 September, 1942. An Il-2 on 11 September, 1942. Two LaGG-3 and an Il-2 on 15 September, 1942. Two DB-7's and a LaGG-3 on 16 September, 1942. An Il-2 and two MiG-1;s on 18 September, 1942. An Il-2 on 31 October, 1942. His 67th victory was a B-17 on 23 May, 1943, when Kdr JG-11. A Soviet LaGG-3 on 25 February, 1944, now in JG-54. An Il-2 on 6 March, 1944. Two Pe-2's on 7 March, 1944. An Il-2 on 3 April, 1944. Three Il-2's S of Ostrov on 17 July, 1944. Two Il-2's on 7 August, 1944. Bowers/Lednicer, 86 victories. Survived the war.

Asisbiz Database of 53 aerial victories for Anton Mader

Date Pilot Name Unit EA Type Height Time Location
09-Jul-40 Anton Mader 1./JG2   20.30 South of Portland
24-Sep-40 Anton Mader 1./JG2 5900m 09.45 ESE London
07-Oct-40 Anton Mader 1./JG2 5500m 16.57 20km N Portland
01-Jun-42 Anton Mader Stab II./JG77 -     Ostfront (Eastern Front)
08-Jun-42 Anton Mader Stab II./JG77 MiG-1 2000m 16.47 35 392
08-Jun-42 Anton Mader Stab II./JG77 MiG-1 1500m 16.49 35 471
10-Jun-42 Anton Mader Stab II./JG77 -     Ostfront (Eastern Front)
02-Jul-42 Anton Mader Stab II./JG77 -     Ostfront (Eastern Front)
02-Aug-42 Anton Mader Stab II./JG77 -     Ostfront (Eastern Front)
04-Aug-42 Anton Mader Stab II./JG77 -     Ostfront (Eastern Front)
06-Aug-42 Anton Mader Stab II./JG77 DB-7 1500m 18.09 82 122
06-Aug-42 Anton Mader Stab II./JG77 DB-7 1500m 18.11 83 763
06-Aug-42 Anton Mader Stab II./JG77 DB-7 1500m 18.07 82 151
12-Aug-42 Anton Mader Stab II./JG77 LaGG-3 1800-2000m 16.08 83 833
12-Aug-42 Anton Mader Stab II./JG77 LaGG-3 2000m 09.33 83 881
13-Aug-42 Anton Mader Stab II./JG77 DB-7 2000m 08.06 92 332
13-Aug-42 Anton Mader Stab II./JG77 MiG-1 1500m 08.25 92 321
23-Aug-42 Anton Mader Stab II./JG77 LaGG-3 892: 14.21 82 892
25-Aug-42 Anton Mader Stab II./JG77 2000m 17.30 82 432
25-Aug-42 Anton Mader Stab II./JG77 1800m 17.33 72 293
05-Sep-42 Anton Mader Stab II./JG77 Low Level 17.17 83 754
11-Sep-42 Anton Mader Stab II./JG77 200m 16.02 92 724
15-Sep-42 Anton Mader Stab II./JG77 50m 17.14 82 432
15-Sep-42 Anton Mader Stab II./JG77 LaGG-3 800m 13.08 92 471
15-Sep-42 Anton Mader Stab II./JG77 LaGG-3 1500m 08.45 92 321
16-Sep-42 Anton Mader Stab II./JG77 DB-7 1800m 08.51 92 511
16-Sep-42 Anton Mader Stab II./JG77 LaGG-3 1200m 14.41 92 381
16-Sep-42 Anton Mader Stab II./JG77 DB-7 2000m 08.50 92 372
18-Sep-42 Anton Mader Stab II./JG77 MiG-1 400m 17.16 82 294
18-Sep-42 Anton Mader Stab II./JG77 15m 17.16 92 312
18-Sep-42 Anton Mader Stab II./JG77 MiG-1   17.20 92 312
22-Sep-42 Anton Mader Stab II./JG77 MiG-1 1000m 15.31 92 141
31-Oct-42 Anton Mader Stab II./JG77 1500m 13.55 92 774
19-May-43 Anton Mader Stab /JG11 B-17 Fortress 8000m 13.22 2-3km NE Ulvezbull
21-May-43 Anton Mader Stab /JG11 B-17 Fortress 7500m 12.56 7572
26-Jul-43 Anton Mader Stab /JG11 B-17 Fortress 8500m 13.21 9km W Papenburg
25-Feb-44 Anton Mader Stab /JG54 LaGG-3 2500m 14.05 70 822
06-Mar-44 Anton Mader Stab /JG54 20m 14.37 88 162
07-Mar-44 Anton Mader Stab /JG54 Pe-2 4000m 14.04 69 622
07-Mar-44 Anton Mader Stab /JG54 Pe-2 4000-50m 14.04 79 532
02-Apr-44 Anton Mader Stab /JG54 50m 16.00 88 36
03-Apr-44 Anton Mader Stab /JG54 50m 12.35 88 352
24-Jun-44 Anton Mader Stab /JG54 400m 19.25 88 562
17-Jul-44 Anton Mader Stab /JG54 400m 16.44 HR-23 (S Ostrov)
17-Jul-44 Anton Mader Stab /JG54 150m 16.53 JR-13 (S Ostrov)
17-Jul-44 Anton Mader Stab /JG54 600m 16.43 GR-91 (S Ostrov)
24-Jul-44 Anton Mader Stab /JG54 300m 16.36 TQ-64 (SW Okolovo)
05-Aug-44 Anton Mader Stab /JG54 La-5 650m 17.00 JH-75 (W Riga)
07-Aug-44 Anton Mader Stab /JG54 500m 15.16 km-79
07-Aug-44 Anton Mader Stab /JG54 600m 15.40 KN-91
15-Aug-44 Anton Mader Stab /JG54 1000m 17.06 LK-45
26-Aug-44 Anton Mader Stab /JG54 La-5 800m 13.50 JN-66

Knights-Cross

Kurt 'Kuddel' Ubben

Kurt 'Kuddel' Ubben was born on 18 November 1911 at Dorstadt in Harz. He joined the navy in 1931 undertaking his training on the sailing ship 'Gorch Foch'. In 1935, Ubben transferred to the Luftwaffe and, by 1938, was serving with the Küstenjagdstaffel Kiel. At the outbreak of World War 2, Oberfeldwebel Ubben was serving with 5./JGr 186. The unit was destined to be based aboard the German navy's aircraft carrier Graf Zeppelin, at that time still under construction. He participated in air operations supporting the invasion of Poland in September 1939. He gained his first aerial success when he shot down a Dutch Fokker D XXI fighter over Holland on 10 May 1940. In June 1940, Ubben transferred with II./JGr 186 to Norway where the unit was based at Stavanger. On 5 July, II./JGr186 was absorbed into III./JG77 when it became obvious that the Graf Zeppelin would not be completed for some time. On 22 July, Ubben was appointed Staffelkapitän of 8./JG77.

By the end of 1940, 8./JG77 was stationed on the Channel front. The unit transferred to take part in the invasion of the Balkans in early April 1941. Ubben claimed an RAF Hurricane fighter shot down in the Lamia area of Greece on 19 April. However, Ubben's Bf-109 was badly damaged in the engagement necessitating a forced landing behind Allied lines. He was rescued by a Fieseler Fi 156 Storch flown by a colleague of his unit, which landed and flew him back to his base. Ubben also performed many ground attack missions and fighter-bomber attacks against Allied shipping around the coasts of Greece and Crete.On 22 May, Oberleutnant Ubben and Oberleutnant Wolf-Dietrich Huy (40 victories, RK-EL) attacked the Royal Navy's Force 'C' between the islands of Kythera and Antikythera. Both were successful in gaining hits on the British battleship 'Warspite'. He also claimed a British Motor Torpedo Boat sunk during this period. Ubben participated in the invasion of Russia in June 1941. He claimed his 20th and 21st victories on 25 July. He was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 4 September for 32 aerial victories, 26 aircraft destroyed on the ground and 15 tanks destroyed.

On 5 September 1941, Hauptmann Ubben was appointed Gruppenkommandeur of III./JG77. He achieved his 50th victory on 19 October.Ubben shot down four Russian aircraft on 9 December (58-61). He was awarded the Eichenlaub (Nr 80) on 12 March 1942 for 69 victories. When III./JG77 was transferred to North Africa, Ubben had 92 victories to his credit. He continued his success in the new theatre gaining his 100th and 101st victories on 14 January 1943. In October, Ubben led III./JG77 to Rumania where it was tasked with the aerial protection of the Ploesti oilfields from the increasing Allied bombing attacks. Major Ubben was appointed Kommodore of JG2 based in France on 10 March 1944, replacing Oberstleutnant Egon Mayer (102 victories, RK-S, killed in action 2 March 1944). On 27 April 1944, Ubben engaged USAAF fighters near Fere-en-Tardenois. In the ensuing combat, Ubben was shot down in Fw-190A-8/R2/R6 (W.Nr 680113). He baled out but his parachute failed to open either due to insufficient altitude or an improperly fastened harness.'Kuddel' Ubben was credited 111 victories in approximately 500 combat missions. He recorded 90 victories over the Eastern front. Included in his total is one four-engined bomber and seven P-38 twinengine fighters.

No Date Time A/c Type Unit Location / Comments
1 10.5.1940 6:50 Fokker D XXI 5./JGr 186 De Kooi
2 19.4.1941 11:20 8./JG77 Lamia area / Hurricane of 33Sqn, RAF
3 22.6.1941 18:58 I-16 8./JG77 -
4 26.6.1941 10:45 DB-3 8./JG77 -
5 26.6.1941 10:51 DB-3 8./JG77 -
6 26.6.1941 11:02 DB-3 8./JG77 -
7 26.6.1941 14:47 DB-3 8./JG77 -
8 4.7.1941 16:08 SB-3 8./JG77 -
9 4.7.1941 18:37 SB-3 8./JG77 -
10 8.7.1941 18:23 DB-3 8./JG77 -
11 8.7.1941 18:25 DB-3 8./JG77 -
12 8.7.1941 18:27 DB-3 8./JG77 -
13 10.7.1941 11:13 I-153 8./JG77 -
14 10.7.1941 11:16 I-153 8./JG77 -
15 10.7.1941 11:18 I-153 8./JG77 -
16 11.7.1941 12:39 MiG-3 8./JG77 -
17 21.7.1941 12:38 I-61 8./JG77 -
18 22.7.1941 12:32 I-61 8./JG77 -
19 25.7.1941 19:40 I-153 8./JG77 -
20 25.7.1941 19:43 I-153 8./JG77 -
21 27.7.1941 15:42 I-153 8./JG77 -
- 27.7.1941 - I-16 8./JG77 not confirmed
22 31.7.1941 12:53 I-16 8./JG77 -
23 31.7.1941 17:00 Potez 25 8./JG77 -
24 5.8.1941 17:55 I-16 8./JG77 -
25 5.8.1941 18:03 I-16 8./JG77 -
26 11.8.1941 15:48 I-16 8./JG77 -
27 13.8.1941 8:48 I-5 8./JG77 -
28 17.8.1941 17:05 Seversky 8./JG77 -
29 22.8.1941 11:00 I-15 8./JG77 17692
30 29.8.1941 7:05 DB-3 8./JG77 -
31 30.8.1941 18:45 I-153 8./JG77 -
32 1.9.1941 17:41 DB-3 8./JG77 -
33 1.9.1941 17:53 I-16 8./JG77 -
34 2.9.1941 - Pe-2 8./JG77 -
35 4.9.1941 5:55 DB-3 8./JG77 -
36 5.9.1941 5:35 I-16 8./JG77 -
37 26.9.1941 16:00 I-153 8./JG77 -
38 29.9.1941 11:02 R-10 8./JG77 -
39 1.10.1941 - I-16 Stab III./JG77 Perekop
40 2.10.1941 11:52 MiG-3 Stab III./JG77 -
41 3.10.1941 14:30 MiG-3 Stab III./JG77 -
42 9.10.1941 15:08 MiG-3 Stab III./JG77 Chaplinka
43 9.10.1941 15:14 MiG-3 Stab III./JG77 Chaplinka
44 9.10.1941 15:16 MiG-3 Stab III./JG77 Chaplinka
45 10.10.1941 6:15 Il-2 Stab III./JG77 3784
46 10.10.1941 6:30 MiG-3 Stab III./JG77 -
47 11.10.1941 14:05 Pe-2 Stab III./JG77 3622
48 18.10.1941 - LaGG-3 Stab III./JG77 -
49 19.10.1941 12:52 LaGG-3 Stab III./JG77 -
50 19.10.1941 16:12 I-15 Stab III./JG77 -
51 20.10.1941 16:08 LaGG-3 Stab III./JG77 -
52 22.10.1941 9:10 Il-2 Stab III./JG77 -
53 23.10.1941 - I-15 Stab III./JG77 -
54 4.11.1941 15:08 I-153 Stab III./JG77 -
55 6.11.1941 - MiG-3 Stab III./JG77 -
56 6.11.1941 - Il-2 Stab III./JG77 -
57 7.12.1941 - I-16 Stab III./JG77 -
58 9.12.1941 - I-15 Stab III./JG77 -
59 9.12.1941 - I-15 Stab III./JG77 -
60 9.12.1941 - I-16 Stab III./JG77 -
61 9.12.1941 - DB-3 Stab III./JG77 -
62 23.2.1942 - I-15 Stab III./JG77 -
63 23.2.1942 - MiG-3 Stab III./JG77 -
64 24.2.1942 - LaGG-3 Stab III./JG77 -
65 25.2.1942 - LaGG-3 Stab III./JG77 -
- 26.2.1942 - I-16 Stab III./JG77 not confirmed
66 2.3.1942 - Il-2 Stab III./JG77 -
67 5.3.1942 - I-16 Stab III./JG77 -
68 9.3.1942 - I-153 Stab III./JG77 -
69 12.3.1942 - I-153 Stab III./JG77 -
70 8.6.1942 - I-153 Stab III./JG77 -
71 11.6.1942 - Il-2 Stab III./JG77 -
72 12.6.1942 - LaGG-3 Stab III./JG77 -
73 18.6.1942 - MiG-1 Stab III./JG77 -
74 24.6.1942 - Yak-1 Stab III./JG77 Yak-1 of 6 GIAP, VVS-ChF
75 5.7.1942 - Il-2 Stab III./JG77 -
76 5.7.1942 - Il-2 Stab III./JG77 66 823
77 5.7.1942 - Yak-1 Stab III./JG77 -
78 6.7.1942 - I-16 Stab III./JG77 -
79 6.7.1942 - LaGG-3 Stab III./JG77 -
80 9.7.1942 - E/a Stab III./JG77 -
81 14.7.1942 - E/a Stab III./JG77 -
82 9.9.1942 - Il-2 Stab III./JG77 -
83 10.9.1942 - Yak-1 Stab III./JG77 -
84 12.9.1942 - LaGG-3 Stab III./JG77 -
85 14.9.1942 - Il-2 Stab III./JG77 -
86 15.9.1942 - Yak-1 Stab III./JG77 -
87 20.9.1942 - P-40 Stab III./JG77 -
88 20.9.1942 - LaGG-3 Stab III./JG77 -
89 21.9.1942 - Yak-1 Stab III./JG77 -
90 22.9.1942 - LaGG-3 Stab III./JG77 -
91 25.9.1942 - Yak-1 Stab III./JG77 -
92 30.9.1942 - Yak-1 Stab III./JG77 -
93 3.11.1942 - Stab III./JG77 -
94 7.11.1942 16:20 Stab III./JG77 61/66/4
95 11.12.1942 - P-40 Stab III./JG77 -
96 13.12.1942 - P-40 Stab III./JG77 -
97 15.12.1942 10:56 P-40 Stab III./JG77 81/6/1
98 10.1.1943 8:40 Stab III./JG77 W Tamet
99 13.1.1943 - P-40 Stab III./JG77 -
100 14.1.1943 11:15 P-40 Stab III./JG77 43893
101 14.1.1943 16:25 P-40 Stab III./JG77 51281
102 18.1.1943 14:22 P-38 Stab III./JG77 22112
103 27.1.1943 - P-40 Stab III./JG77 -
104 4.2.1943 15:10 P-38 Stab III./JG77 85682
105 8.2.1943 12:49 P-38 Stab III./JG77 95673
106 8.2.1943 13:01 P-38 Stab III./JG77 95751
107 15.2.1943 12:01 Stab III./JG77 20km SW Sidi Bou Zid
108 24.6.1943 9:55 P-38 Stab III./JG77 81593/04 Ost
109 24.6.1943 10:15 P-38 Stab III./JG77 7039/04 Ost
110 10.8.1943 - P-38 Stab III./JG77 -
111 1.10.1943 1155 B-17 Stab III./JG77 04 195/14 Ost

Victories : 111
Awards : Deutsches Kreuz in Gold (9 December 1941)
Ritterkreuz (4 September 1941)
Eichenlaub (12 March 1942)
Units : JGr 186, JG77, JG2
http://www.luftwaffe.cz/ubben.html

Asisbiz Database of 49 aerial victories out of 111 for Kurt Ubben

Date Pilot Name Unit Enemy A/C Type Height Time Location
10-May-40 Kurt Ubben 5./JG186 Fokker XXI   06.50 De Kooi
19-Apr-41 Kurt Ubben 8./JG77 Hurricane I 2000m 11.20 25km NW Lamia
07-Jan-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 Pe-2 1200m 09.10 5667
02-Mar-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77   09.30  
09-Mar-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 I-153   12.55  
17-Mar-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 DB-3   12.34  
12-May-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77   17.10  
27-May-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 Pe-2 800m 15.22 6083
08-Jun-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 I-153      
18-Jun-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 I-153   15.02  
18-Jun-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 MiG-1      
01-Jul-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 Yak-1   17.10  
02-Jul-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77   14.44  
05-Jul-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 800m 17.23 66 823
05-Jul-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77      
05-Jul-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 Yak-1      
05-Jul-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77   17.20  
06-Jul-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 Yak-1   18.52  
09-Jul-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 Yak-1   11.12  
14-Jul-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 I-16 Rata   17.28  
22-Jul-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 Yak-1   09.52  
12-Sep-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 P-2   14.01 10 193
15-Sep-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 LaGG-3 4500m 07.11 20 141
16-Sep-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 Yak-1 6200m 07.44 00 254
21-Sep-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 P-2 800m 11.15 10 161
26-Sep-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 LaGG-3 2800m 14.52 00 262
30-Sep-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 Yak-1 2000m 11.30 00 261
03-Nov-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77      
04-Nov-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77      
05-Nov-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77   14.30 W. Fuka
07-Nov-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 10m 16.20 61/66/4
11-Dec-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 P-40 Warhawk      
13-Dec-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 P-40 Warhawk      
15-Dec-42 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 P-40E Warhawk Low Level 10.56 81/6/1
10-Jan-43 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 3000-2200m 08.40 62741 W Tamet
13-Jan-43 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 P-40E Warhawk      
14-Jan-43 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk 2800m 16.25 51281
14-Jan-43 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 P-40E Warhawk 3300m 11.15 43893
18-Jan-43 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 P-38 Lightning 2000m 14.22 22112
27-Jan-43 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 P-40 Kittyhawk      
04-Feb-43 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 P-38 Lightning Low Level 15.10 85682
08-Feb-43 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 P-38 Lightning 4000m 12.49 95673
08-Feb-43 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 P-38 Lightning 600m 13.01 95751
15-Feb-43 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 1200m 12.01 9518 20km SW Sidi Bou Zid
24-Jun-43 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 P-38F Lightning 3000m 09.55 81593/04 Ost
24-Jun-43 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 P-38F Lightning 1200m 10.15 7039/04 Ost
10-Aug-43 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 P-38 Lightning      
25-Sep-43 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77      
01-Oct-43 Kurt Ubben Stab III./JG77 B-17 Fortress 3200m 11.55 14 Ost S/04 195

 Footnotes:

 Citations:

  1. Spick 1996, pp. 3–4.
  2. Spick 1996, p. 227.
  3. Morgan & Weal 1998, p. 88.
  4. a b c d Kurowski 1996, p. 122.
  5. Schaulen 2003, p. 26.
  6. Toliver & Constable 1998, p. 360.
  7. a b Kurowski 1996, pp. 103–105.
  8. Kurowski 1996, p. 73.
  9. Toliver & Constable 1998, p. 358.
  10. Bergström & Mikhailov 2000, p. 86.
  11. Aders & Held 1993, pp. 29,30.
  12. Toliver & Constable 1998, p. 359.
  13. Aders & Held 1993, p. 47.
  14. Spick 1996, p. 219.
  15. Aders & Held 1993, p. 68.
  16. Berger 1999, p. 13.
  17. Bergström & Mikhailov 2000, p. 61.
  18. Aders & Held 1993, p. 90
  19. Weal 2001, p. 22.
  20. Kurowski 1996, pp. 83–87.
  21. Weal 2006, p. 67.
  22. Bergström & Mikhailov 2001, p. 159.
  23. Bergström & Mikhailov 2001, p. 160.
  24. Kurowski 1996, p. 92.
  25. Kurowski 1996, p. 96.
  26. MacLean 2007, p. 6.
  27. Kurowski 2007, p. 70.
  28. Berger 1999, p. 14.
  29. Caldwell & Muller 2007, p. 153.
  30. Weal 1996, p. 55.
  31. Schuelke (1995).
  32. Kurowski 1996, p. 107.
  33. Scherzer 2007, p. 688.
  34. Caldwell & Muller 2007, pp. 184-185.
  35. Caldwell & Muller 2007, pp. 170–202.
  36. Girbig 1997, p. 172.
  37. Franks 2000, p. 131.
  38. Manrho & Pütz 2004, pp. 76-77.
  39. Forsyth 2008, p. 93.
  40. Forsyth 2008, p. 94.
  41. Caldwell & Muller 2007, pp. 284–285.
  42. Kurowski 1996, pp. 117–121.
  43. Caldwell 2007, pp. 284-285.
  44. Forsyth 2008, pp. 111, 112.
  45. Forsyth 2008, pp. 115, 116.
  46. Forsyth 2008, pp. 119, 120.
  47. Helden der Wehrmacht 2004, p. 148.
  48. Kurowski 2007, p. 157.
  49. Spick 1996, pp. 220, 227.
  50. Kurowski 2007, p. 156.
  51. Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 23.
  52. Scherzer 2007, p. 199.
  53. MacLean 2007, p. 222
  54. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 120.
  55. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 55.
  56. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 39.
  57. Kurowski 2007, p. 154
  58. Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, p. 32.
  59. Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, p. 136.
  60. Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, p. 87.

 Some of the most widely used Book References:

  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase One: July-August 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 1) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Eddie J Creek (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Two: August-September 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 2) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Three: September-October 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 3) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Four: November 1940-June 1941 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 4) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)

 Some of the most widely used Magazine References:

  • Airfix Magazines (English) - http://www.airfix.com/
  • Avions (French) - http://www.aerostories.org/~aerobiblio/rubrique10.html
  • FlyPast (English) - http://www.flypast.com/
  • Flugzeug Publikations GmbH (German) - http://vdmedien.com/flugzeug-publikations-gmbh-hersteller_verlag-vdm-heinz-nickel-33.html
  • Flugzeug Classic (German) - http://www.flugzeugclassic.de/
  • Klassiker (German) - http://shop.flugrevue.de/abo/klassiker-der-luftfahrt
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://boutique.editions-lariviere.fr/site/abonnement-le-fana-de-l-aviation-626-4-6.html
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://www.pdfmagazines.org/tags/Le+Fana+De+L+Aviation/
  • Osprey (English) - http://www.ospreypublishing.com/
  • Revi Magazines (Czech) - http://www.revi.cz/