Stab I. Jagdgeschwader 51 - Stab I./JG51

Messerschmitt Bf 109 F-2 Stab JG51 (I+ Russia 1941

Photo 01: Stab markings on a Bf 109F-2 of JG51 in Russia, early Autumn 1941.

Messerschmitt Bf 109F Stab JG51 (I+ crash-landed Russia 1941

Photo 01: Waffen-SS soldiers inspecting a Bf 109F-2 belonging to Stab/JG53 after a successful forced landing. In October 1941, when JG53 left the Russian theatre of operations, it had suffered six pilots killed in action, seven rnissing, two PoWs and 26 wounded. In return, JG53 claimed a total of 769 victories in Russia, mostly by the III. Gruppe which claimed approximately as many as the I. and II Gruppen combined.

Messerschmitt Bf 109 F-2 Stab I./JG51 (O+ Technical Officer Russia winter 1942

Photograph Source: Flugzeug Classic 2011-03

Messerschmitt Bf 109 F-2/B Stab I./JG51 Red 1 flown by Heinz Schumann Barbarossa summer 1941

Profile Source: Artwork Bf 109 F-2/B Heinz Schumann Stab I./JG51 Red 1 Barbarossa summer 1941 by Vladimir Kamsky 0A

 
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Knights Cross

Josef 'Joschko' Fözö

Josef 'Joschko' Fözö was born on 7 November 1912 at Wien in Austria. He joined the Austrian Luftstreitkräfte before transferring to the Luftwaffe following Germany's annexation of Austria in 1938. From summer 1938 until March 1939, Fözö flew with 3. Staffel of J 88, operating in support of the Nationalist cause during the Spanish Civil War. He claimed three victories in 147 missions during that conflict. He was awarded the Spanienkreuz in Gold mit Schwertern for his achievements during that conflict. On his return to Germany, Oberleutnant Fözö was appointed Staffelkapitän of 10./JG72 operating Ar 68 biplane fighters. The unit was based at Böblingen at the outbreak of World War 2.

Fözö was appointed Staffelkapitän of 2./JG71 on 16 July 1939. In October 1939, 2./JG71 was redesignated 4./JG51. Fözö recorded his first victory of World War 2 on 16 April 1940 when he shot down a tethered artillery-spotting balloon near Breisach during the French campaign. During the Battle of Britain, Fözö was particularly successful. Fözö was appointed Gruppenkommandeur of II./JG51 on 21 February 1941. By the time Fözö participated in the invasion of Russia, he had at least 15 victories to his credit. Hauptmann Fözö was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 2 July for 22 victories. He recorded his 24th victory on 11 July.

However, he was badly injured in a take-off accident at Stava Bychow the same day in Bf109F-2 (W.Nr. 12836) Black <<- and was hospitalised for a lengthy period. Fözö returned to combat duty as Gruppenkommandeur of I./JG51, based on the Eastern front, on 3 May 1942. On 31 May, he was again badly injured in a landing accident at Tubelja in Bf 109F-2 (W.Nr. 8086). On recovery from his injuries, Fözö was appointed Kommodore of JG108 on 4 June 1944. He led the unit until 10 January 1945. Fözö died on 4 March 1979 at Wien. 'Joschko' Fözö was credited with 27 victories. He recorded three victories during the Spanish Civil War, 15 over the Western front and nine over the Eastern front.

No Date Time A/c Type Unit Location
1 18.9.1938 - I-16 3. J/88 Spain
2 31.10.1938 - I-16 3. J/88 Spain
3 17.1.1939 - I-16 3. J/88 Spain
4 16.4.1940 15:55 Fesselballon 4./JG51 W Breisach
5 8.7.1940 16:45 4./JG51 N Dover / Spitfire of 65 Sqn, RAF flown by S/Ldr D Cook
6 13.7.1940 16:45 4./JG51 10km W Cap Gris Nez / Hurricane of 56 Sqn, RAF flown by F/Lt Cohlan, damaged
7 13.7.1940 16:45 4./JG51 10km W Cap Gris Nez / Hurricane of 56 Sqn, RAF flown by Sgt Whiteheld
8 31.7.1940 16:55 4./JG51 NW Dover / Spitfire of 74 Sqn, RAF flown by P/O Gunn
9 8.8.1940 12:35 4./JG51 SE Folkestone / Spitfire of 64 or 610 Sqn, RAF
10 15.8.1940 16:17 4./JG51 E Burnham-on-Crouch
11 16.8.1940 - 4./JG51 E Dover
12 16.8.1940 - 4./JG51 E Dover
13 16.8.1940 18:05 4./JG51 E Dover
14 18.8.1940 - 4./JG51 E Ramsgate / Hurricane of 501 Sqn, RAF flown by S/Ldr Stoney
15 24.8.1940 9:35 4./JG51 NW Dover / Spitfire of 610 Sqn, RAF flown by Sgt Arnfield
16 26.8.1940 13:15 4./JG51 Canterbury / Spitfire of 616 Sqn, RAF flown by F/O Moberlay
17 15.10.1940 9:32 4./JG51 London
18 9.4.1941 12:00 II./JG51 3km N Mardyck
19 29.6.1941 19:25 I-16 II./JG51 -
20 30.6.1941 10:35 R-10 II./JG51 -
21 30.6.1941 10:40 DB-3 II./JG51 -
22 30.6.1941 16:45 DB-3 II./JG51 -
23 30.6.1941 17:30 TB-6 II./JG51 -
24 1.7.1941 14:30 I-16 II./JG51 -
25 2.7.1941 14:32 SB-2 II./JG51 -
26 9.7.1941 15:15 I-16 II./JG51 -
27 11.7.1941 17:05 DB-3 II./JG51 -

Victories : 27
Awards : Ritterkreuz (2 July 1941)
Units : JG72, JG71, JG51

http://www.luftwaffe.cz/fozo.html

Asisbiz Database of 23 aerial victories for Josef Fozo

Date Pilot Name Unit EA Type Height Time Location
16-Apr-40 Josef Fozo 4./JG51 Fesselballon   15.55 West of Breisach Norway
08-Jul-40 Josef Fozo 4./JG51   16.45 North of Dover
13-Jul-40 Josef Fozo 4./JG51   19.26 10km W. Cap Gris Nez
13-Jul-40 Josef Fozo 4./JG51   19.30 10km W. Cap Gris Nez
31-Jul-40 Josef Fozo 4./JG51   16.55 NW Dover
08-Aug-40 Josef Fozo 4./JG51   12.35 SE Folkestone
15-Aug-40 Josef Fozo 4./JG51   16.17 East of Burnham-on-Crouch
16-Aug-40 Josef Fozo 4./JG51     East of Dover
16-Aug-40 Josef Fozo 4./JG51     East of Dover
16-Aug-40 Josef Fozo 4./JG51   18.05 East of Dover
18-Aug-40 Josef Fozo 4./JG51     East of Ramsgate
24-Aug-40 Josef Fozo 4./JG51   09.35 NW Dover
26-Aug-40 Josef Fozo 4./JG51   13.15 Canterbury
15-Oct-40 Josef Fozo 4./JG51   09.32 South of London
09-Apr-41 Josef Fozo Stab II/JG51 300m 12.00 3km North of Mardyck
29-Jun-41 Josef Fozo Stab II./JG51 R-Zet   19.25 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
30-Jun-41 Josef Fozo Stab II./JG51 DB-3   10.40 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
30-Jun-41 Josef Fozo Stab II./JG51 TB-6   17.30 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
30-Jun-41 Josef Fozo Stab II./JG51 DB-3   16.45 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
01-Jul-41 Josef Fozo Stab II./JG51 I-16 Rata   14.30 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
02-Jul-41 Josef Fozo Stab II./JG51 SB-2   14.32 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
09-Jul-41 Josef Fozo Stab II./JG51 I-16 Rata   15.15 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
11-Jul-41 Josef Fozo Stab II./JG51 DB-3   17.05 Ostfront (Eastern Front)

Luftwaffe Badge

Wilhelm Hachfeld - Wilhelm 'Bomben Willi' Hachfeld

Units: 2(J)/LG-2 (5/40), Stfkpt 2./JG-51 (6/41 S.U.), Kdr I./JG-51 (8/41), Kdr III./ZG-2 (5/42 N.Africa)

Awards: RK(10/29/42), DK-G(11/10/41), EK 1 & 2, Fighter or Destroyer Operational Clasp w/Pendant

Known Aircraft: Bf 109E-3 WNr 1575 in LG-2, Bf 109F in JG-51, Fw 190A-3 WNr 2195 (lost 12/2/42) in ZG-2

Remarks: KIFA 2 December, 1942 at Bizerte when, during takeoff, he collided with a landing AC. His AC ground looped and the underslung bomb exploded. 650 missions, 2 victories in the West plus 32 targets on the ground destroyed. One known victory, his 1st, a Morane 406 SW of Peronne on 26 May, 1940. His 2nd, a Hurricane at Dunkirk, 29 May, 1940, while in 2(J)/LG-2. A 3rd, a Hurricane on 15 August, 1940, no location. His first known Soviet victory, a SB-3 on 1 July, 1941. A Vultee-11 on 10 July, 1941. Another Vultee-11 on 28 July, 1941. A MiG-3 at Jsemilisk on 4 July, 1942. Bowers/Lednicer, 11 victories.

Asisbiz Database of 7 aerial victories for Wilhelm Hachfeld

Date Pilot Name Unit EA Type Height Time Location
26-May-40 Wilhelm Hachfeld 2.(J)/LG2 Morane 406     SW Peronne
29-May-40 Wilhelm Hachfeld 2.(J)/LG2   18.10 Dunkirk
15-Aug-40 Wilhelm Hachfeld Stab I./JG51   16.07 Battle of Britain
01-Jul-41 Wilhelm Hachfeld 2./JG51 SB-3   12.40 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
10-Jul-41 Wilhelm Hachfeld 2./JG51 Vultee-11   18.58 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
28-Jul-41 Wilhelm Hachfeld 2./JG51 Vultee-11   17.22 Ostfront (Eastern Front)
04-Jul-42 Wilhelm Hachfeld Stab III./ZG1 MiG-3 880m 15.42 Jsemilisk

Knights Cross

Hermann-Friedrich 'Jupp' Joppien

Hermann-Friedrich 'Jupp' Joppien was born on 19 July 1912 at Bochum in Ruhrgebiet. In October 1931, Joppien was serving with an Infantry Regiment. In 1935 he joined the Luftwaffe and underwent flying training. He was promoted to the rank of Leutnant in 1938. He was appointed Technischer Offizier in a Zerstörergruppe but was then transferred to JG51 in summer of 1939.

Joppien was assigned to I./JG51. He claimed his first victory, a French Morane fighter near Heillecourt, on 23 November 1939. However, Joppien's aircraft was hit in this engagement and he was obliged to break off combat. His undercarriage had been damaged and as a result his aircraft overturned on landing. He escaped unhurt. Joppien was to claim a total of four victories during the French campaign. Joppien would emerge from the Battle of Britain as Germany's fifth top scoring fighter pilot. In all, he recorded 26 victories during the air battles over England. On 6 August 1940, Joppien was appointed Staffelkapitän of I./JG51. Oberleutnant Joppien claimed his 10th victory on 15 August, when he shot down a RAF Hurricane fighter. He recorded his 20th and 21st victories, two Spitfires, on 15 September.

Oberleutnant Joppien was awarded the Ritterkreuz to commemorate the feat. On 18 October 1940, Hauptmann Joppien was appointed Gruppenkommandeur of I./JG51. He recorded his 30th victory, another Spitfire on 5 December and his 40th, a Hurricane shot down near Ashford on 21 April 1941. He was awarded the Eichenlaub (Nr 11) on 23 April for achieving 40 victories. Joppien led I./JG51 during the invasion of Russia. On 30 June 1941, he shot down five Russian bombers near Bobruysk to record his 47th through 51st victories. Joppien recorded 12 victories in July, including four Russian SB-2 twin-engine bombers shot down on 2 July (52-55), another three SB-2 bombers on 24 July (59-61). However, after recording his 58th victory, a Russian DB-3 twin-engine bomber shot down on 5 July, Joppien was wounded by return fire and spent several weeks recuperating. On 28 August 1941, Joppien entered combat with Russian fighters and bombers near Jelnja, southwest of Bryansk. In the subsequent action, Joppien was shot down and killed in his Bf109F-2 (W.Nr. 9670) Black << by a Russian MiG-3 fighter. 'Jupp' Joppien was credited with 70 victories.

His victory total included 42 victories recorded over the Western front. Included in his total are 23 Spitfires.

No Date Time A/c Type Unit Location
1 23.11.1939 15:30 Morane 1./JG51 Zweibrücken / Morane 406 of GC III/7, Armée de l’Air flown by Sgt Guillaume – crash-landed
2 23.5.1940 16:28 Dewoitine 1./JG51 Béthune
3 5.6.1940 14:42 Curtiss 1./JG51 Bréteuil
4 6.6.1940 17:12 LeO 451 1./JG51 Ham
5 29.7.1940 8:25 1./JG51 Dover
6 29.7.1940 8:28 1./JG51 Dover
7 29.7.1940 - 1./JG51 Dover
8 11.8.1940 15:13 1./JG51 -
9 15.8.1940 16:05 1./JG51 -
10 15.8.1940 - 1./JG51 -
11 24.8.1940 14:09 1./JG51 -
12 29.8.1940 20:09 1./JG51 -
13 31.8.1940 14:10 1./JG51 -
14 31.8.1940 14:16 1./JG51 -
15 6.9.1940 - 1./JG51 -
16 9.9.1940 - 1./JG51 -
17 9.9.1940 - 1./JG51 -
18 11.9.1940 16:50 1./JG51 -
19 11.9.1940 17:10 1./JG51 -
20 15.9.1940 12:40 1./JG51 -
21 15.9.1940 - 1./JG51 -
22 27.9.1940 - 1./JG51 -
23 29.10.1940 - I./JG51 -
24 8.11.1940 12:20 I./JG51 -
25 11.11.1940 - I./JG51 -
26 11.11.1940 - I./JG51 -
27 14.11.1940 12:25 I./JG51 Dungeness
28 1.12.1940 11:40 I./JG51 -
29 1.12.1940 15:16 I./JG51 Ashford
30 5.12.1940 15:47 I./JG51 -
31 26.2.1941 18:05 I./JG51 SE Ashford
32 26.2.1941 18:07 I./JG51 SE Ashford
33 3.3.1941 17:02 I./JG51 S Ashford
34 3.3.1941 17:13 I./JG51 Folkestone
35 12.3.1941 19:27 I./JG51 Dungeness
36 18.3.1941 12:28 I./JG51 5km S Lewes
37 15.4.1941 12:33 I./JG51 5km SE Dungeness
38 16.4.1941 18:30 I./JG51 4km SW Dungeness
39 20.4.1941 12:12 I./JG51 20km N Cap Gris Nez
40 21.4.1941 20:10 I./JG51 NW Ashford
41 8.5.1941 18:02 I./JG51 Folkestone
42 8.5.1941 18:03 I./JG51 NE Dungeness
43 25.6.1941 12:32 SB-2 I./JG51 -
44 25.6.1941 12:35 SB-2 I./JG51 -
45 25.6.1941 12:36 SB-2 I./JG51 -
46 29.6.1941 19:48 Skua I./JG51 -
47 30.6.1941 13:15 E/a I./JG51 Near Bobruysk
48 30.6.1941 14:50 SB-2 I./JG51 Near Bobruysk
49 30.6.1941 16:25 E/a I./JG51 Near Bobruysk
50 30.6.1941 16:27 E/a I./JG51 Near Bobruysk
51 30.6.1941 18:58 SB-2 I./JG51 Near Bobruysk
52 2.7.1941 12:55 SB-2 I./JG51 -
53 2.7.1941 15:30 SB-2 I./JG51 -
54 2.7.1941 15:31 SB-2 I./JG51 -
55 2.7.1941 15:32 SB-2 I./JG51 -
56 3.7.1941 16:47 SB-2 I./JG51 -
57 3.7.1941 - SB-2 I./JG51 -
58 5.7.1941 19:40 DB-3 I./JG51 -
59 24.7.1941 14:55 SB-2 I./JG51 -
60 24.7.1941 14:58 SB-2 I./JG51 S Propojsk
61 24.7.1941 14:59 SB-2 I./JG51 S Propojsk
62 28.7.1941 17:20 I-18 I./JG51 -
63 28.7.1941 18:40 I-16 I./JG51 -
64 15.8.1941 10:04 I-61 I./JG51 -
65 21.8.1941 13:11 I-61 I./JG51 -
66 22.8.1941 11:50 DB-3 I./JG51 -
67 22.8.1941 11:52 DB-3 I./JG51 -
68 24.8.1941 9:55 R-3 I./JG51 -
69 24.8.1941 16:10 I-18 I./JG51 -
70 25.8.1941 12:19 I-61 I./JG51 18km SW Brjansk


Victories : 70
Awards : Ritterkreuz (16 September 1940)
Eichenlaub (23 April 1941)
Units : JG51

http://www.luftwaffe.cz/joppien.html

Asisbiz Database of 49 aerial victories for Helmut Meckel

Date Pilot Name Unit EA Type Height Time Location
23-Nov-39 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien 1./JG51 Morane   15.30 Zweibrucken
21-May-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien 2./JG21 Morane 406 2700m 17.45 Cambrai-Queant
23-May-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien 1./JG51 Dewoitine   16.28 Bethune
23-May-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien 1./JG51 Dewoitine   16.28 Bethune
26-May-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien 2./JG21 Hawk-75A     Cambrai
26-May-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien 2./JG21 P-40 Warhawk     Cambrai
05-Jun-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien 1./JG51 Hawk-75A   14.42 Breteuil
05-Jun-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien 1./JG51 P-40 Warhawk   14.42 Breteuil
06-Jun-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien 1./JG51 LeO 451   17.12 Ham
06-Jun-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien 1./JG51 LeO 451   17.12 Ham
29-Jul-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien 1./JG51     Dover
29-Jul-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien 1./JG51   08.25 Dover
29-Jul-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien 1./JG51   08.28 Dover
11-Aug-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien 1./JG51   15.13  
15-Aug-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien 1./JG51      
15-Aug-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien 1./JG51   16.05  
20-Aug-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien 1./JG51      
24-Aug-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien 1./JG51   14.09  
29-Aug-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien 1./JG51   20.09  
31-Aug-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien 1./JG51   14.10  
31-Aug-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien 1./JG51   14.16  
06-Sep-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien 1./JG51      
09-Sep-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien 1./JG51      
09-Sep-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien 1./JG51      
11-Sep-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien 1./JG51   16.50  
11-Sep-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien 1./JG51   17.10  
15-Sep-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien 1./JG51      
15-Sep-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien 1./JG51   12.40 Battle of Britain
27-Sep-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien 1./JG51     Battle of Britain
29-Oct-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien Stab I./JG51     Battle of Britain
08-Nov-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien Stab I./JG51   12.20 Battle of Britain
11-Nov-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien Stab I./JG51     Battle of Britain
11-Nov-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien Stab I./JG51     Battle of Britain
14-Nov-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien Stab I./JG51   12.25 Battle of Britain - Dungeness
01-Dec-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien Stab I./JG51   11.40 Battle of Britain
01-Dec-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien Stab I./JG51   15.16 Battle of Britain - Ashford
05-Dec-40 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien Stab I./JG51   15.47 Battle of Britain
26-Feb-41 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien Stab I./JG51 6800-7000m 18.05 zw Ashford-Dungeness
26-Feb-41 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien Stab I./JG51 4500m 18.07 zw Ashford-Dungeness
03-Mar-41 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien Stab I./JG51 7000m 17.13 Folkestone
03-Mar-41 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien Stab I./JG51   17.02 S. Ashford
12-Mar-41 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien Stab I./JG51 3500m 19.27 off Dungeness
18-Mar-41 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien Stab I./JG51 8500m 12.28 5km S. Lewes
15-Apr-41 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien Stab I./JG51 9500m 12.30 5km SE Dungeness
16-Apr-41 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien Stab I./JG51 600m 18.30 4km SW Dungeness
20-Apr-41 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien Stab I./JG51 150m 12.12 20km N. Cap Gris Nez
21-Apr-41 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien Stab I./JG51   20.10 NW Ashford
08-May-41 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien Stab I./JG51 8000m 18.02 bei Folkestone
08-May-41 Hermann-Friedrich Joppien Stab I./JG51 7500m 18.03 NE Dungeness

Luftwaffe Badge

Richard Leppla

Units: 1./JG-234, Stfkpt 3./JG-51(5/40), Kdr III./JG-51(8/42 S.U.), Kdr JG-105(2/43), Kdr JG-6(Final wks)

Awards: RK(7/27/41), DK-G(12/20/41), EK 1 & 2, Wound Badge, Fighter Operational Clasp w/Pendant

Known Aircraft: Bf 109B w/ 1/JG-234 in '38, Ar 96, Bf 109F-2 WNr 8185 'Black <o+I' (dam 8/7/42), Bf 109F-2 WNr 8144 'Black <0+I' (8/42), Bf 109G, Fw 190A in JG-105

Remarks: One victory was the 1200th victory for Mölder's JG-51 on 12 July, 1941 during Operation Barbarossa. His victim was an I-16 of the 168th Fighter Aviation Regt. A Yak-1 NW of Kasch-Boschowo on 3 March, 1942. Two Il-2's on 1 August, 1942. Over 500 combat missions, 13 victories in the West. His 1st victory, a Fokker G-1 over Zevenbergen, 10 May, 1940. His 2nd & 3rd, both Morane 406's at Abbeville on 21 May, 1940. His 4th, a Hurricane at Abbeville on 22 May, 1940. His 5th, a Spitfire at Dover on 28 July, 1940. His 10th, a Spitfire over England on 8 September, 1940. Seriously wounded in Russia in Wk# 8185 on 2 August, 1942, losing an eye, but attempted to remain operational, only to taxi into a landing Ju 52/3m five days later. Served in school and staff positions before being assigned to JG-105 and JG-6. Began his Luftwaffe career as an instructor at Werneuchen, instructing Bulgarian pilot cadets. Bowers/Lednicer, 68 victories. Deceased 4 August, 1988.

Asisbiz Database of 16 aerial victories for Richard Leppla

Date Pilot Name Unit EA Type Height Time Location
10-May-40 Richard Leppla III./JG51 Fokker G.1   06.30 Zevenbergen
21-May-40 Richard Leppla III./JG51 Morane 406   08.10+ Abbeville
21-May-40 Richard Leppla III./JG51 Morane 406   08.05 Abbeville
22-May-40 Richard Leppla III./JG51     Abbeville
28-Jul-40 Richard Leppla 1./JG51   15.30 Dover
24-Aug-40 Richard Leppla III./JG51     Battle of Britain
26-Aug-40 Richard Leppla III./JG51   12.57 Battle of Britain
31-Aug-40 Richard Leppla III./JG51   14.08 Battle of Britain
04-Sep-40 Richard Leppla III./JG51   10.30 Battle of Britain
08-Sep-40 Richard Leppla III./JG51   13.20 Battle of Britain
04-Oct-40 Richard Leppla III./JG51     West of Dover
01-Dec-40 Richard Leppla Stab III./JG51   11.45 Battle of Britain
10-Feb-42 Richard Leppla Stab III./JG51 I-61 30m 12.55 4731 Drosnassinskaya
03-Mar-42 Richard Leppla Stab III./JG51 Yak-1 1800m 09.40 NW Kasch-Boschowo
01-Aug-42 Richard Leppla Stab III./JG51 150m 17.36 47 683
01-Aug-42 Richard Leppla Stab III./JG51 100m 11.45 47 581

Knights Cross

Günther 'Franzl' Lützow

Günther 'Franzl' Lützow was born on 4 September 1912 at Kiel to an illustrious German naval family. He was descended from an old Prussian family of the same name. In 1931, he learned to fly at the Deutschen Verkehrsfliegerschule at Schliessheim. Later, he underwent fighter pilot training at the clandestine German base at Lipetsk in Russia. 1934 saw Lützow serving as a Leutnant with an Infantry Regiment before transferring to the newly formed Luftwaffe. Initially, he served with I./JG132 'Richtofen'.

Lützow commenced his operational career as a fighter pilot as Staffelkapitän of 2./J88 of the Condor Legion during the Spanish Civil War. Between March and September 1937, Oberleutnant Lützow accumulated five victories, including the first ever recorded by the Bf-109, and was awarded the Spanienkreuz in Gold mit Schwerten und Brillanten. From November 1938, Lützow undertook instructing duties at Jagdfliegerschule 1, based at Werneuchen, before being appointed Gruppenkommandeur of I./JG3 on 3 November 1939. He led the Gruppe through the French campaign recording nine victories, including his first in World War 2, on 14 May 1940, when he shot down two French Curtiss Hawk 75 fighters near Dinant. Lützow led I./JG3 into the Battle of Britain. On 21 August 1940, Oberstleutnant Lützow was appointed Kommodore of JG3. He recorded eight further victories during the aerial battles over England.

Lützow was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 18 September. In spring 1941, Stab/JG3 was relocated to Mannheim-Sandhofen in Germany for rest and refit. Here the unit received new Bf 109F-2 fighters before again being relocated to the Channel front on 4 May 1941. Lützow led JG3 during the invasion of Russia. On 17 July 1941, he recorded his 40th victory. He was awarded the Eichenlaub (Nr 27) on 20 July. On 17 September, he shot down his 72nd victim. He was shot down by flak on 23 September, force-landing behind enemy lines. He successfully returned unhurt.

In October, he recorded 29 victories, including five Russian twin-engine bombers shot down on 8 October. He was awarded the Schwerten (Nr 4) on 11 October 1941, after his 92nd victory. He became the second Experte to achieve 100 victories, when he downed three Russian fighters in the Moscow area on 24 October to record victories 99 through 101. Lützow was promptly grounded on orders from above. On 4 November, he led Stab/JG3 back to Germany and a base at Wiesbaden-Erbenheim to rest and re-equip. In May 1942, Lützow led JG3 back to the Russian front commencing operations in the Kharkov area. There followed much action in the Crimea and before Stalingrad. Lützow added one additional victory when he shot down a Russian I-61 fighter on 21 May 1942 for his 107th victory. On 11 August 1942, Lützow was posted to the staff of the General der Jagdflieger where he took up the role of Inspector of Day Fighters, Eastern area. In July 1943, Oberst Lützow was appointed Kommandeur of Jagdabschnittsführer Italien, based at Naples. In September, the unit was absorbed into Jagdfliegerführer Oberitalien.

He then commanded 1. Jagddivision based at Döberitz from 15 September until 23 March 1944, where he assumed overall command for day and night fighter operations in north western Germany, Holland and Belgium. By January 1944, he was commanding 4. Fliegerschuldivision based at Strassburg, responsible for the training of new fighter pilots. Lützow would become known as the prinicipal architect behind the so-called 'Fighter Pilots' Mutiny'. In fact the 'Mutiny' was a valiant and well-intended attempt to 'save' Adolf Galland who had been dismissed as General der Jagdflieger for his out spokeness of the Luftwaffe high command. Lützow's part in the affair was regarded as 'mutiny' by Göring who relieved him of his command of 4. Fliegerschuldivision and had him posted, in exile, to Italy to take over Jagdfliegerführer Oberitalien. He was later granted approval to join Adolf Galland's JV44. Lützow recorded two additional victories flying the Me-262 jet fighter, but then went missing on 24 April 1945 near Donauworth attempting to intercept a USAAF B-26 twin-engine bomber raid. His body was never recovered and his aircraft never found…

Günther Lützow was credited with 110 victories achieved in over 300 combat missions. He scored 5 victories during the Spanish Civil War. He recorded 20 victories over the Western Front, including at least one four-engine bombers, and 85 victories over the Eastern Front.

List of 110 aerial victories for Gunther Lutzow

No Date Time A/c Type Unit Location / Comments
1 6.4.1937 - I-15 2. J/88 Spain
2 22.5.1937 - I-15 2. J/88 Spain
3 28.5.1937 - I-15 2. J/88 Spain
4 18.8.1937 - I-15 2. J/88 Spain
5 22.8.1937 - I-16 2. J/88 Spain
6 14.5.1940 20:20~ Curtiss I./JG3 NW Dinant
7 14.5.1940 20:20~ Curtiss I./JG3 NW Dinant
8 15.5.1940 13:20 Curtiss I./JG3 SE Charleroi
9 19.5.1940 19:15 I./JG3 N Arras
10 31.5.1940 19:35 Morane 406 I./JG3 S Amiens
11 31.5.1940 19:35 Morane 406 I./JG3 S Amiens
12 3.6.1940 - Curtiss I./JG3 Compiegnie-Meaux
13 6.6.1940 - I./JG3 St Valery-Abbeville
14 8.6.1940 13:05 I./JG3 Abbeville
15 16.8.1940 - I./JG3 -
16 26.8.1940 - Defiant Stab/JG3 -
17 26.8.1940 - Defiant Stab/JG3 -
18 7.9.1940 - Stab/JG3 -
19 9.9.1940 - Stab/JG3 -
20 15.9.1940 - Stab/JG3 -
21 5.10.1940 - Curtiss Stab/JG3 -
22 5.10.1940 - Curtiss Stab/JG3 -
23 5.11.1940 - Stab/JG3 -
24 22.6.1941 4:30 I-18 Stab/JG3 -
25 23.6.1941 - SB-2 Stab/JG3 -
26 23.6.1941 - SB-2 Stab/JG3 -
27 24.6.1941 - I-153 Stab/JG3 -
28 26.6.1941 13:20 SB-2 Stab/JG3 -
29 26.6.1941 - SB-2 Stab/JG3 -
30 26.6.1941 - Pe-2 Stab/JG3 -
31 27.6.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
32 28.6.1941 - Pe-2 Stab/JG3 -
33 7.7.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
34 10.7.1941 - V-11 Stab/JG3 -
35 10.7.1941 - I-53 Stab/JG3 -
36 10.7.1941 - I-53 Stab/JG3 -
37 10.7.1941 - I-53 Stab/JG3 -
38 11.7.1941 - I-16 Stab/JG3 -
39 15.7.1941 - I-16 Stab/JG3 -
40 15.7.1941 - I-16 Stab/JG3 -
41 15.7.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
42 16.7.1941 - SB-2 Stab/JG3 -
43 16.7.1941 - I-16 Stab/JG3 -
44 16.7.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
45 17.7.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
46 20.7.1941 - V-11 Stab/JG3 -
47 20.7.1941 - V-11 Stab/JG3 -
48 29.7.1941 - I-16 Stab/JG3 -
49 31.7.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
50 31.7.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
51 31.7.1941 - I-16 Stab/JG3 -
52 7.8.1941 - I-153 Stab/JG3 -
53 7.8.1941 - I-153 Stab/JG3 -
54 8.8.1941 - I-153 Stab/JG3 -
55 9.8.1941 - Pe-2 Stab/JG3 -
56 9.8.1941 - I-16 Stab/JG3 -
57 11.8.1941 - R-5 Stab/JG3 -
58 12.8.1941 12:35 I-153 Stab/JG3 -
59 12.8.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
60 13.8.1941 - I-16 Stab/JG3 Kanev region / I-16 of 88IAP VVS flown by Mladshiy Lt Ivan Novikov
61 13.8.1941 - I-16 Stab/JG3 Kanev region / I-16 of 88IAP VVS
62 6.9.1941 - R-10 Stab/JG3 -
63 6.9.1941 - R-10 Stab/JG3 -
64 7.9.1941 - SB-2 Stab/JG3 -
65 7.9.1941 - SB-2 Stab/JG3 -
66 7.9.1941 - I-153 Stab/JG3 -
67 7.9.1941 - I-153 Stab/JG3 -
68 8.9.1941 - R-10 Stab/JG3 -
69 9.9.1941 - I-26 Stab/JG3 -
70 9.9.1941 - SB-2 Stab/JG3 -
71 11.9.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
72 11.9.1941 - I-61 Stab/JG3 -
73 12.9.1941 - SB-2 Stab/JG3 -
74 13.9.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
75 13.9.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
76 14.9.1941 - I-26 Stab/JG3 -
77 17.9.1941 - PS-84 Stab/JG3 -
78 5.10.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
79 5.10.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
80 5.10.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
81 5.10.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
82 6.10.1941 - I-153 Stab/JG3 -
83 6.10.1941 - I-153 Stab/JG3 -
84 6.10.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
85 7.10.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
86 8.10.1941 12:00 Pe-2 Stab/JG3 -
87 8.10.1941 12:01 Pe-2 Stab/JG3 -
88 8.10.1941 12:02 Pe-2 Stab/JG3 -
89 8.10.1941 14:25 DB-3a Stab/JG3 -
90 8.10.1941 14:28 DB-3a Stab/JG3 -
91 9.10.1941 12:00 I-18 Stab/JG3 -
92 9.10.1941 - I-16 Stab/JG3 -
93 9.10.1941 - Il-2 Stab/JG3 -
94 9.10.1941 - Pe-2 Stab/JG3 -
95 10.10.1941 14:10 I-18 Stab/JG3 -
96 10.10.1941 14:13 I-18 Stab/JG3 -
97 11.10.1941 11:10 I-61 Stab/JG3 -
98 12.10.1941 14:30 Pe-2 Stab/JG3 -
99 12.10.1941 14:35 Pe-2 Stab/JG3 -
100 12.10.1941 - TB-3 Stab/JG3 -
101 14.10.1941 - I-61 Stab/JG3 -
102 14.10.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
103 23.10.1941 15:25 I-16 Stab/JG3 -
104 24.10.1941 10:40 I-16 Stab/JG3 -
105 24.10.1941 10:50 I-16 Stab/JG3 -
106 24.10.1941 14:23 I-16 Stab/JG3 -
107 21.5.1942 12:30 I-61 Stab/JG3 -
108 29.7.1942 10:20 LaGG-3 Stab/JG3 NE Kalatsch
109 ?.4.1945 - Viermot JV 44 -
110 24.4.1945 - B-26 JV 44 Augsburg area

Victories : 110
Awards : Ritterkreuz (18 September 1940)
Eichenlaub (20 July 1941)
Schwerten (11 October 1941)
Units : J/88, JG3, JG51, JV 44

http://www.luftwaffe.cz/lutzow.html

Asisbiz Database of 38 aerial victories for Gunther Lutzow

Date Pilot Name Unit EA Type Height Time Location
14-May-40 Gunther Lutzow Stab I./JG3 Hawk-75A   20.20+ NW Dinant
14-May-40 Gunther Lutzow Stab I./JG3 Hawk-75A   20.20+ NW Dinant
15-May-40 Gunther Lutzow Stab I./JG3 Hawk-75A   13.20 SE Charleroi
19-May-40 Gunther Lutzow Stab I./JG3 4.500m 19.15 N. Arras
31-May-40 Gunther Lutzow Stab I./JG3 Morane 406   19.35 S Amiens
03-Jun-40 Gunther Lutzow Stab I./JG3 Hawk-75A     Compiegne-Meaux
06-Jun-40 Gunther Lutzow Stab I./JG3 1500m - St. Valery-Abbeville
08-Jun-40 Gunther Lutzow Stab I./JG3 7500m 13.05 Abbeville
15-Aug-40 Gunther Lutzow Stab I./JG3      
16-Aug-40 Gunther Lutzow Stab I./JG3 3200m - -
26-Aug-40 Gunther Lutzow StabJG3 Defiant 6000-7000m - -
07-Sep-40 Gunther Lutzow StabJG3 3300m - -
09-Sep-40 Gunther Lutzow StabJG3 800m - -
15-Sep-40 Gunther Lutzow StabJG3 4500m - -
05-Oct-40 Gunther Lutzow StabJG3 Curtiss P-36 3200m - -
05-Oct-40 Gunther Lutzow StabJG3 Curtiss P-36 500m - -
05-Nov-40 Gunther Lutzow StabJG3 3500m - -
22-Jun-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 I-18   04.30  
26-Jun-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 SB-3   13.20  
12-Aug-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 I-153   12.35  
08-Oct-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 Pe-2   12.02  
08-Oct-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 DB-3A   14.25  
08-Oct-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 DB-3A   14.28  
08-Oct-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 Pe-2   12.01  
08-Oct-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 Pe-2   12.00  
09-Oct-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 I-18   12.00  
10-Oct-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 I-18   14.13  
10-Oct-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 I-18   14.10  
11-Oct-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 I-61   11.10  
12-Oct-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 Pe-2   14.30  
12-Oct-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 Pe-2   14.45  
23-Oct-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 I-16 Rata   15.25  
24-Oct-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 I-16 Rata   10.40  
24-Oct-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 I-16 Rata   10.50  
24-Oct-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 I-16 Rata   14.25  
21-May-42 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 I-61   12.30  
29-Jul-42 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 LaGG-3 1200m 10.20 NE Kalatsch
24-Apr-45 Gunther Lutzow JV44 B-26 Marauder   - Raum Augsburg

Luftwaffe Badge

Richard Leppla

Units: 1./JG-234, Stfkpt 3./JG-51(5/40), Kdr III./JG-51(8/42 S.U.), Kdr JG-105(2/43), Kdr JG-6(Final wks)

Awards: RK(7/27/41), DK-G(12/20/41), EK 1 & 2, Wound Badge, Fighter Operational Clasp w/Pendant

Known Aircraft: Bf 109B w/ 1/JG-234 in '38, Ar 96, Bf 109F-2 WNr 8185 'Black <o+I' (dam 8/7/42), Bf 109F-2 WNr 8144 'Black <0+I' (8/42), Bf 109G, Fw 190A in JG-105

Remarks: One victory was the 1200th victory for Mölder's JG-51 on 12 July, 1941 during Operation Barbarossa. His victim was an I-16 of the 168th Fighter Aviation Regt. A Yak-1 NW of Kasch-Boschowo on 3 March, 1942. Two Il-2's on 1 August, 1942. Over 500 combat missions, 13 victories in the West. His 1st victory, a Fokker G-1 over Zevenbergen, 10 May, 1940. His 2nd & 3rd, both Morane 406's at Abbeville on 21 May, 1940. His 4th, a Hurricane at Abbeville on 22 May, 1940. His 5th, a Spitfire at Dover on 28 July, 1940. His 10th, a Spitfire over England on 8 September, 1940. Seriously wounded in Russia in Wk# 8185 on 2 August, 1942, losing an eye, but attempted to remain operational, only to taxi into a landing Ju 52/3m five days later. Served in school and staff positions before being assigned to JG-105 and JG-6. Began his Luftwaffe career as an instructor at Werneuchen, instructing Bulgarian pilot cadets. Bowers/Lednicer, 68 victories. Deceased 4 August, 1988.

Asisbiz Database of 16 aerial victories for Richard Leppla

Date Pilot Name Unit EA Type Height Time Location
10-May-40 Richard Leppla III./JG51 Fokker G.1   06.30 Zevenbergen
21-May-40 Richard Leppla III./JG51 Morane 406   08.10+ Abbeville
21-May-40 Richard Leppla III./JG51 Morane 406   08.05 Abbeville
22-May-40 Richard Leppla III./JG51     Abbeville
28-Jul-40 Richard Leppla 1./JG51   15.30 Dover
24-Aug-40 Richard Leppla III./JG51     Battle of Britain
26-Aug-40 Richard Leppla III./JG51   12.57 Battle of Britain
31-Aug-40 Richard Leppla III./JG51   14.08 Battle of Britain
04-Sep-40 Richard Leppla III./JG51   10.30 Battle of Britain
08-Sep-40 Richard Leppla III./JG51   13.20 Battle of Britain
04-Oct-40 Richard Leppla III./JG51     West of Dover
01-Dec-40 Richard Leppla Stab III./JG51   11.45 Battle of Britain
10-Feb-42 Richard Leppla Stab III./JG51 I-61 30m 12.55 4731 Drosnassinskaya
03-Mar-42 Richard Leppla Stab III./JG51 Yak-1 1800m 09.40 NW Kasch-Boschowo
01-Aug-42 Richard Leppla Stab III./JG51 150m 17.36 47 683
01-Aug-42 Richard Leppla Stab III./JG51 100m 11.45 47 581

Knights Cross

Günther 'Franzl' Lützow

Günther 'Franzl' Lützow was born on 4 September 1912 at Kiel to an illustrious German naval family. He was descended from an old Prussian family of the same name. In 1931, he learned to fly at the Deutschen Verkehrsfliegerschule at Schliessheim. Later, he underwent fighter pilot training at the clandestine German base at Lipetsk in Russia. 1934 saw Lützow serving as a Leutnant with an Infantry Regiment before transferring to the newly formed Luftwaffe. Initially, he served with I./JG132 'Richtofen'.

Lützow commenced his operational career as a fighter pilot as Staffelkapitän of 2./J88 of the Condor Legion during the Spanish Civil War. Between March and September 1937, Oberleutnant Lützow accumulated five victories, including the first ever recorded by the Bf-109, and was awarded the Spanienkreuz in Gold mit Schwerten und Brillanten. From November 1938, Lützow undertook instructing duties at Jagdfliegerschule 1, based at Werneuchen, before being appointed Gruppenkommandeur of I./JG3 on 3 November 1939. He led the Gruppe through the French campaign recording nine victories, including his first in World War 2, on 14 May 1940, when he shot down two French Curtiss Hawk 75 fighters near Dinant. Lützow led I./JG3 into the Battle of Britain. On 21 August 1940, Oberstleutnant Lützow was appointed Kommodore of JG3. He recorded eight further victories during the aerial battles over England.

Lützow was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 18 September. In spring 1941, Stab/JG3 was relocated to Mannheim-Sandhofen in Germany for rest and refit. Here the unit received new Bf 109F-2 fighters before again being relocated to the Channel front on 4 May 1941. Lützow led JG3 during the invasion of Russia. On 17 July 1941, he recorded his 40th victory. He was awarded the Eichenlaub (Nr 27) on 20 July. On 17 September, he shot down his 72nd victim. He was shot down by flak on 23 September, force-landing behind enemy lines. He successfully returned unhurt.

In October, he recorded 29 victories, including five Russian twin-engine bombers shot down on 8 October. He was awarded the Schwerten (Nr 4) on 11 October 1941, after his 92nd victory. He became the second Experte to achieve 100 victories, when he downed three Russian fighters in the Moscow area on 24 October to record victories 99 through 101. Lützow was promptly grounded on orders from above. On 4 November, he led Stab/JG3 back to Germany and a base at Wiesbaden-Erbenheim to rest and re-equip. In May 1942, Lützow led JG3 back to the Russian front commencing operations in the Kharkov area. There followed much action in the Crimea and before Stalingrad. Lützow added one additional victory when he shot down a Russian I-61 fighter on 21 May 1942 for his 107th victory. On 11 August 1942, Lützow was posted to the staff of the General der Jagdflieger where he took up the role of Inspector of Day Fighters, Eastern area. In July 1943, Oberst Lützow was appointed Kommandeur of Jagdabschnittsführer Italien, based at Naples. In September, the unit was absorbed into Jagdfliegerführer Oberitalien.

He then commanded 1. Jagddivision based at Döberitz from 15 September until 23 March 1944, where he assumed overall command for day and night fighter operations in north western Germany, Holland and Belgium. By January 1944, he was commanding 4. Fliegerschuldivision based at Strassburg, responsible for the training of new fighter pilots. Lützow would become known as the prinicipal architect behind the so-called 'Fighter Pilots' Mutiny'. In fact the 'Mutiny' was a valiant and well-intended attempt to 'save' Adolf Galland who had been dismissed as General der Jagdflieger for his out spokeness of the Luftwaffe high command. Lützow's part in the affair was regarded as 'mutiny' by Göring who relieved him of his command of 4. Fliegerschuldivision and had him posted, in exile, to Italy to take over Jagdfliegerführer Oberitalien. He was later granted approval to join Adolf Galland's JV44. Lützow recorded two additional victories flying the Me-262 jet fighter, but then went missing on 24 April 1945 near Donauworth attempting to intercept a USAAF B-26 twin-engine bomber raid. His body was never recovered and his aircraft never found…

Günther Lützow was credited with 110 victories achieved in over 300 combat missions. He scored 5 victories during the Spanish Civil War. He recorded 20 victories over the Western Front, including at least one four-engine bombers, and 85 victories over the Eastern Front.

List of 110 aerial victories for Gunther Lutzow

No Date Time A/c Type Unit Location / Comments
1 6.4.1937 - I-15 2. J/88 Spain
2 22.5.1937 - I-15 2. J/88 Spain
3 28.5.1937 - I-15 2. J/88 Spain
4 18.8.1937 - I-15 2. J/88 Spain
5 22.8.1937 - I-16 2. J/88 Spain
6 14.5.1940 20:20~ Curtiss I./JG3 NW Dinant
7 14.5.1940 20:20~ Curtiss I./JG3 NW Dinant
8 15.5.1940 13:20 Curtiss I./JG3 SE Charleroi
9 19.5.1940 19:15 I./JG3 N Arras
10 31.5.1940 19:35 Morane 406 I./JG3 S Amiens
11 31.5.1940 19:35 Morane 406 I./JG3 S Amiens
12 3.6.1940 - Curtiss I./JG3 Compiegnie-Meaux
13 6.6.1940 - I./JG3 St Valery-Abbeville
14 8.6.1940 13:05 I./JG3 Abbeville
15 16.8.1940 - I./JG3 -
16 26.8.1940 - Defiant Stab/JG3 -
17 26.8.1940 - Defiant Stab/JG3 -
18 7.9.1940 - Stab/JG3 -
19 9.9.1940 - Stab/JG3 -
20 15.9.1940 - Stab/JG3 -
21 5.10.1940 - Curtiss Stab/JG3 -
22 5.10.1940 - Curtiss Stab/JG3 -
23 5.11.1940 - Stab/JG3 -
24 22.6.1941 4:30 I-18 Stab/JG3 -
25 23.6.1941 - SB-2 Stab/JG3 -
26 23.6.1941 - SB-2 Stab/JG3 -
27 24.6.1941 - I-153 Stab/JG3 -
28 26.6.1941 13:20 SB-2 Stab/JG3 -
29 26.6.1941 - SB-2 Stab/JG3 -
30 26.6.1941 - Pe-2 Stab/JG3 -
31 27.6.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
32 28.6.1941 - Pe-2 Stab/JG3 -
33 7.7.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
34 10.7.1941 - V-11 Stab/JG3 -
35 10.7.1941 - I-53 Stab/JG3 -
36 10.7.1941 - I-53 Stab/JG3 -
37 10.7.1941 - I-53 Stab/JG3 -
38 11.7.1941 - I-16 Stab/JG3 -
39 15.7.1941 - I-16 Stab/JG3 -
40 15.7.1941 - I-16 Stab/JG3 -
41 15.7.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
42 16.7.1941 - SB-2 Stab/JG3 -
43 16.7.1941 - I-16 Stab/JG3 -
44 16.7.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
45 17.7.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
46 20.7.1941 - V-11 Stab/JG3 -
47 20.7.1941 - V-11 Stab/JG3 -
48 29.7.1941 - I-16 Stab/JG3 -
49 31.7.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
50 31.7.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
51 31.7.1941 - I-16 Stab/JG3 -
52 7.8.1941 - I-153 Stab/JG3 -
53 7.8.1941 - I-153 Stab/JG3 -
54 8.8.1941 - I-153 Stab/JG3 -
55 9.8.1941 - Pe-2 Stab/JG3 -
56 9.8.1941 - I-16 Stab/JG3 -
57 11.8.1941 - R-5 Stab/JG3 -
58 12.8.1941 12:35 I-153 Stab/JG3 -
59 12.8.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
60 13.8.1941 - I-16 Stab/JG3 Kanev region / I-16 of 88IAP VVS flown by Mladshiy Lt Ivan Novikov
61 13.8.1941 - I-16 Stab/JG3 Kanev region / I-16 of 88IAP VVS
62 6.9.1941 - R-10 Stab/JG3 -
63 6.9.1941 - R-10 Stab/JG3 -
64 7.9.1941 - SB-2 Stab/JG3 -
65 7.9.1941 - SB-2 Stab/JG3 -
66 7.9.1941 - I-153 Stab/JG3 -
67 7.9.1941 - I-153 Stab/JG3 -
68 8.9.1941 - R-10 Stab/JG3 -
69 9.9.1941 - I-26 Stab/JG3 -
70 9.9.1941 - SB-2 Stab/JG3 -
71 11.9.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
72 11.9.1941 - I-61 Stab/JG3 -
73 12.9.1941 - SB-2 Stab/JG3 -
74 13.9.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
75 13.9.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
76 14.9.1941 - I-26 Stab/JG3 -
77 17.9.1941 - PS-84 Stab/JG3 -
78 5.10.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
79 5.10.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
80 5.10.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
81 5.10.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
82 6.10.1941 - I-153 Stab/JG3 -
83 6.10.1941 - I-153 Stab/JG3 -
84 6.10.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
85 7.10.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
86 8.10.1941 12:00 Pe-2 Stab/JG3 -
87 8.10.1941 12:01 Pe-2 Stab/JG3 -
88 8.10.1941 12:02 Pe-2 Stab/JG3 -
89 8.10.1941 14:25 DB-3a Stab/JG3 -
90 8.10.1941 14:28 DB-3a Stab/JG3 -
91 9.10.1941 12:00 I-18 Stab/JG3 -
92 9.10.1941 - I-16 Stab/JG3 -
93 9.10.1941 - Il-2 Stab/JG3 -
94 9.10.1941 - Pe-2 Stab/JG3 -
95 10.10.1941 14:10 I-18 Stab/JG3 -
96 10.10.1941 14:13 I-18 Stab/JG3 -
97 11.10.1941 11:10 I-61 Stab/JG3 -
98 12.10.1941 14:30 Pe-2 Stab/JG3 -
99 12.10.1941 14:35 Pe-2 Stab/JG3 -
100 12.10.1941 - TB-3 Stab/JG3 -
101 14.10.1941 - I-61 Stab/JG3 -
102 14.10.1941 - DB-3 Stab/JG3 -
103 23.10.1941 15:25 I-16 Stab/JG3 -
104 24.10.1941 10:40 I-16 Stab/JG3 -
105 24.10.1941 10:50 I-16 Stab/JG3 -
106 24.10.1941 14:23 I-16 Stab/JG3 -
107 21.5.1942 12:30 I-61 Stab/JG3 -
108 29.7.1942 10:20 LaGG-3 Stab/JG3 NE Kalatsch
109 ?.4.1945 - Viermot JV 44 -
110 24.4.1945 - B-26 JV 44 Augsburg area

Victories : 110
Awards : Ritterkreuz (18 September 1940)
Eichenlaub (20 July 1941)
Schwerten (11 October 1941)
Units : J/88, JG3, JG51, JV 44

http://www.luftwaffe.cz/lutzow.html

Asisbiz Database of 38 aerial victories for Gunther Lutzow

Date Pilot Name Unit EA Type Height Time Location
14-May-40 Gunther Lutzow Stab I./JG3 Hawk-75A   20.20+ NW Dinant
14-May-40 Gunther Lutzow Stab I./JG3 Hawk-75A   20.20+ NW Dinant
15-May-40 Gunther Lutzow Stab I./JG3 Hawk-75A   13.20 SE Charleroi
19-May-40 Gunther Lutzow Stab I./JG3 4.500m 19.15 N. Arras
31-May-40 Gunther Lutzow Stab I./JG3 Morane 406   19.35 S Amiens
03-Jun-40 Gunther Lutzow Stab I./JG3 Hawk-75A     Compiegne-Meaux
06-Jun-40 Gunther Lutzow Stab I./JG3 1500m - St. Valery-Abbeville
08-Jun-40 Gunther Lutzow Stab I./JG3 7500m 13.05 Abbeville
15-Aug-40 Gunther Lutzow Stab I./JG3      
16-Aug-40 Gunther Lutzow Stab I./JG3 3200m - -
26-Aug-40 Gunther Lutzow StabJG3 Defiant 6000-7000m - -
07-Sep-40 Gunther Lutzow StabJG3 3300m - -
09-Sep-40 Gunther Lutzow StabJG3 800m - -
15-Sep-40 Gunther Lutzow StabJG3 4500m - -
05-Oct-40 Gunther Lutzow StabJG3 Curtiss P-36 3200m - -
05-Oct-40 Gunther Lutzow StabJG3 Curtiss P-36 500m - -
05-Nov-40 Gunther Lutzow StabJG3 3500m - -
22-Jun-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 I-18   04.30  
26-Jun-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 SB-3   13.20  
12-Aug-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 I-153   12.35  
08-Oct-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 Pe-2   12.02  
08-Oct-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 DB-3A   14.25  
08-Oct-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 DB-3A   14.28  
08-Oct-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 Pe-2   12.01  
08-Oct-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 Pe-2   12.00  
09-Oct-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 I-18   12.00  
10-Oct-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 I-18   14.13  
10-Oct-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 I-18   14.10  
11-Oct-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 I-61   11.10  
12-Oct-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 Pe-2   14.30  
12-Oct-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 Pe-2   14.45  
23-Oct-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 I-16 Rata   15.25  
24-Oct-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 I-16 Rata   10.40  
24-Oct-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 I-16 Rata   10.50  
24-Oct-41 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 I-16 Rata   14.25  
21-May-42 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 I-61   12.30  
29-Jul-42 Gunther Lutzow Stab /JG3 LaGG-3 1200m 10.20 NE Kalatsch
24-Apr-45 Gunther Lutzow JV44 B-26 Marauder   - Raum Augsburg

Pre-production Bf 109F-0, was tested by Obstlt. Werner Molders

An early example of the Bf109F, a pre-production Bf 109F-0, was tested by Obstlt. Werner Molders of JG51 who first flew it in action on 22 October and claimed one victory. On the 25th, Molders again flew the Bf109F, taking off with his usual Katschmarek, or wingman, together with Hptm. Hans Asmus, who had recently joined the Stab of JG51. Both Molders' companions were flying Bf-109Es, Hptm. Asmus piloting Molders' old W.Nr 3737. While flying at about 30,000 ft over Kent, they spotted a formation of some 15 Spitfires flying in the opposite direction 1,500 ft below. The German pilots were making a wide curve in order to attack the British formation from behind when Asmus noticed that the squadron they were about to attack was covered by another full squadron of Spitfires flying 2,500 ft higher. With his faster Bf109F, Molders soon left his companions behind, and Asmus found himself alone with an entire Spitfire squadron on his tail. To escape, he dived away and then saw a battle formation of about eight Bf-109 Jabos at about 20,000ft. As flying alone over England was dangerous, Asmus decided to fly the rest of the mission with them and pulled out below the friendly aircraft. Unfortunately, on observing the Spitfires, the Jabos jettisoned their bombs, one of which struck Asmus's aircraft and knocked him unconscious. When he came to, he found so little of his aircraft remaining that he merely unfastened his straps and allowed his seat and the few attached fuselage parts to fall away. The next Asmus knew he was in Maidstone General Hospital with suspected skull fracture, concussion and temporary amnesia. Examining the widely scattered wreckage of his aircraft, RAF personnel found the rudder marked with 49 victory bars and first assumed they had captured an ace. However, the Luftwaffe's leading pilot, Werner Molders, had returned safely to France with another two victories to his credit.

Knights Cross

Werner Molders

Youth

Werner Molders was born at Gelsenkirchen/Westfalia on 18 March 1913. At the time of Werner's birth his father, Victor, was working as a teacher in England but with the outbreak of war in August 1914 he was forced to escape home to Germany aboard a neutral Dutch ship. On returning home, he joined the German Army and was subsequently commissioned as a Leutnant, only to be killed while serving with Infantrie Regiment 145 near Vauquois on the Argonne Front on 2 March 1915 shortly before Werner's second birthday. Following the death of her husband his mother, Anna-Maria, returned to her family in Brandenburg/Havel, faced with the difficult task of raising four children (Hans Anne-Marie, Werner and Victor) on her own. The Molders family were devout Catholics but lived in a very strong Protestant environment. Since religion can often offer a form of lonely sanctuary, Werner developed into a very serious boy and would retain a seriousness all his life.

Service in the Army

Deciding to follow in his father's footsteps, Werner wanted to become an army officer. Obtaining his 'Abitur' at the age of 17, he enlisted in the small army allowed to Germany by the provisions of the 1919 Versailles Treaty. On 1 April 1931, he joined II./IR 2 at Allenstein in East Prussia. In October 1932, he was transferred to the Kriegsschule at Dresden and to the Pionierschule at Miinchen in June 1932. With aviation becoming the great dream of many young Germans who remembered the First World War exploits of Bokke and von Richthofen, the rise to power of the National Socialist Party in 1933 and the creation of a new air force gave Werner the opportunity to transfer to that arm of the services. But, as with his future contemporary Adolf Galland, Molders would also suffer problems. Whereas Galland's eyes were deficient, Molders suffered from a fear of heights, a fear that he would conquer with a major effort of willpower.

Service in the Luftwaffe

On 6 February 1934 Molders joined the DVS (Deutsche Verkehrsfliegerschule) at Cottbus and remained there until the end of that year. Following his promotion to Leutnant on 1 March 1934, he trained with Kampfliegerschule Tutow and jagdfliegerschule Schleissheim until the middle of 1935. On 1 July 1935, he was transferred to Fliegergruppe Schwerin, a ground support unit which was later redesignated I./St.G. 162 Immelmann. Flying He-45s and He-46s, he was transferred to fighters the following year. Promoted to Oberleutnant on 1 April 1936, he led the Jagdschulstaffel of II./JG134 Horst Wessel at Werl in Westfalia where his commanding officer was Major Theodor Osterkamp, a veteran of the First World War, credited with 32 aerial victories. On 15 March 1937 Molders took command of I.Staffel of I./JG334 at Wiesbaden and his unit, equipped with the Heinkel He-51, would be successively redesignated I./JG133, and then I./JG53 Pik As.

The Spanish Civil War

The seriously-minded Molders was still a bachelor when he was sent to Spain in May 1938. On the 24th of that month, he succeeded Adolf Galland as Kapitan of 3./J88. This was the first time that the paths of the two men crossed. At the same time, the obsolete He 51s were replaced by the new Bf109 Dora which would later be replaced by the Emil becoming the best fighter used by either side during the Spanish Civil War. Combining his own abilities with the qualities of the Messerschmitt fighter, Molders quickly achieved success and in his first aerial engagement, shot down an 1-15. Four days later, two further victories were added, another 1-15 and an 1-16.With the exception of an SB-2 shot down on 23 August 1938, Molders would claim only Polikarpov fighters until the end of his stay in Spain. On his return to Germany on 5 December 1938, he was credited with 14 victories plus an additional three that were unconfirmed. Promoted to Hauptmann as the highest scoring German ace of the Spanish Civil War, he was then temporarily assigned (as had been Galland earlier) to the Air Ministry to study and improve fighter tactics based upon experiences gained during the Spanish conflict. His influence was to be enormous in that he proposed the deployment of a loose formation of four aircraft - the 'Schwarm' - broken up into two elements of two - the'Rotte'.

The 'Sitzkrieg' While Galland was transferred to II.(Schlacht)/LG 2 equipped with the Hs-123, Molders returned to his old fighter unit to lead I./JG53 (formerly-1.I.JG133). It was during this time that he acquired his nickname of 'Vati' ('Papa') due to his serious nature, experience and rigidity. This nickname was not intended as offensive but one which was born out of respect. No-one feared Molders and he was very popular amongst his pilots. He was not an impetuous man and could drink a glass of beer like the rest - but never two!

If his successes in Spain were partly due to his good fortune in receiving the best aircraft of its time, then the Sitzkrieg - or Phoney War - was to prove that he was an excellent fighter pilot and tactician. His introduction to the new campaign was, nevertheless, quite unsettling. On 8 September 1939, he led three other Bf-109s in an attack on six French Curtiss H-75s of GC11/4 north of Karlsruhe. In the ensuing dogfight, Molders' Bf109 was heavily damaged, forcing him to crash land in a field near Wolfersweiler. Trapped in his cockpit and slightly wounded, he had to wait for a local Flak crew to release him. Strangely, the French pilots involved claimed two victories, attributed to three pilots (SIC Cruchant being credited with two claims combined with two other pilots)!

Molders recovered quickly and claimed his first victory over the border twelve days later. Taking off with his Schwarm to Trier, he destroyed another H-75 of GC11/5 from a patrol escorting a reconnaissance aircraft. Sgt Quequiner, piloting N°21, was able to bale out of this aircraft which crashed near Merzig.

After being promoted Kommandeur of III./JG53, Molders celebrated his new command by shooting down a Blenheim I (16694) of No. 57Sqn engaged in reconnaissance along the Moselle on 30 October 1939 but would have to wait until 22 December to obtain his third victory in France. While escorting a Do-17P of 1.(F)/123, he attacked some fighters identified as 'Moranes' but which were in fact, Hurricane Is of No. 73Sqn RAE With his wingman, Oblt. von Hahn, he shot down two (11967 and N2385) near Budange. With the onset of bad weather, the first months of 1940 were quiet but on 2 March, at the end of a very scrappy encounter, Hptm. Molders and Uftz. Neuhoff were able to claim two Hurricanes (11808 and L1958) from No. 73Sqn which crashed near Metz. The following day, again around Metz, Molders engaged a Morane Saulnier 406 of GCII/3. This was claimed destroyed but, in fact, C/C Koerber, although wounded, managed to land his damaged aircraft at Toul airfield. On 26 March, another MS-406 was claimed near Trier, but this proved to be a Hurricane of No. 73Sqn whose pilot, F/O Edgar James 'Cobber' Kain of the RNZAF, baled out after having previously been shot down on 2 March! On 2 April, another Hurricane, this time from No.1Sqn, was shot down near St Avold but the pilot was able to force-land his heavily damaged fighter behind the Allied lines and avoid capture.

On 20 April, III./JG53 were flying in the Zweibrucken area where they encountered Curtiss H-75s of GC11/4 escorting a Potez 63.11 reconnaissance aircraft of GR11/36. In the combat that ensued, anti-aircraft guns shot at both sides! An H-75 N°136 fell to Molders while another was damaged by Flak. The pilot, C/C Cruchand, was seriously wounded but managed to crash-land his fighter near Biesbriick. On 23 April, Molders claimed his last victory of the Sitzkrieg when he shot down a Hurricane I (N2391) of No. 73Sqn during the morning near Sierck-les-Bains, the pilot, Sgt C. Campbell parachuting to safety. During this campaign, Hptm. Molders was credited with nine additional victories while Adolf Galland flew only ground support. By the time Galland did transfer to the fighter arm, Werner Molders had 23 official victories.

The Campaign in the West

On 10 May 1940, III./JG53 was based at Wiesbaden airfield and Molders had to wait four days before he was credited with his first victory during the invasion of the West, this being a Hurricane on the 14th of the month. During the first days of the attack and mainly over France, III./JG53 had to escort the bombers and were ordered not to attack enemy fighters. On 15 May, Werner Molders at the celebratory dinner after receiving the Ritterkreuz on 29 May 1940 having achieved 20 aerial victories at this time, another Hurricane was claimed by the Kommandeur, but it would be a French cockade that was later painted on the rudder of all his aircraft to record that particular victory. On 17 May, III./JG53 was transferred to Douzy, near Sedan in France from where the unit flew air cover sorties over the Wehrmacht spearheads advancing near Cambrai. On 19 May, Molders was credited with a 'P-36' (almost certainly a Bloch 152, which was often confused with the Curtiss). During the evening of the 20th, Molders claimed his 13th victim, a British bomber described as a 'Wellesley'. On 21 May, three MS-406s were shot down (apparently aircraft from GC1/6 and III./6) and on the 22nd, it was the turn of a Potez 63.11, N0315 of GAO1/514, shot down near Montagne de Reims. Another Morane was lost during the evening of 25 May (Molders' 18th victory) and on the 27th, two Blochs, thought to have been from GC1/8, were claimed south of Amiens.

With 20 victories over France and 14 in Spain, Molders was awarded the Ritterkreuz which was presented to him on Loe airfield, near Le Selve. On 31 May, near Abbeville, Molders shot down a LeO 451 of GB1/12. On 3 June, during Operation Paula (launched primarily as a propaganda operation), Molders claimed two victories - a Curtiss H-75 (which, in fact, was a Bloch 152, and which was subsequently identified on his rudder with a British roundel!) and, very unusually, a Spitfire. Exactly, what a Spitfire was doing near Paris at a time when all RAF units had retreated to their bases in England to fight over Dunkirk is unclear. The 'Spitfire' was probably a D.520 of GC1/3. Two days later, Molders experienced altogether different circumstances. At around noon, he was credited with the destruction of a Bloch 152 (N°651 of GC 118?) and a Potez 63.11 (N0250 of GAO 501?) and later that afternoon, whilst on his second mission of the day, he spotted some 'Moranes' attacking some Bf-109s. He decided to intervene but the 'MS-406s' turned out to be potent D.520s of GC11/7. Having under estimated the enemy type, Molders was shot down by S/Lt Rene Pommier Layrargues, his Bf109E-3 crashing near Canly. Molders was able to parachute to safety, but was captured on the ground by soldiers of 195e RALT, an artillery unit who set upon him before an officer intervened. Interested in the man who shot him down, Molders asked to meet him, only to find that Pommier Layrargues was already dead, having been brought down and killed at Marissel a few minutes after their engagement.

Molders ended the Westfeldzug in a French POW camp at Montferrand.With the fall of France, he was eventually freed at the end of June 1940 and this is where there is cause for some interesting speculation! If he had been captured by the British in May, he would almost certainly have been sent to a POW camp in Canada, ending the war in safety and terminating the career of a great pilot. But as a prisoner of the French, he was liberated and became - posthumously - a flying legend. Which was the better fate?

The Battle of Britain

After a short period of leave, Molders, promoted to Major on 19 July, returned to III./JG53. Soon afterwards, however, he left to take over command of JG51. At that time, Adolf Galland was appointed to lead III./JG26 after having shot down 14 planes in the Westfeldzug whilst with JG27.

As is often the case, establishing a new command proved hectic for Molders. On 28 July, the new Kommodore damaged a Spitfire I (P9429) of No. 41Sqn, RAF. Wounded in the thigh, the pilot, F/O A.D.J. Lovell, managed to land his damaged aircraft at Hornchurch. F/O Lovell survived to become an ace in his own right, only to be killed in a flying accident in 1945. Shortly afterwards, Molders himself was shot down by F/Lt John Webster of the sameSqn. This was Webster's fifth claim but he was killed on 5 September 1940 when his parachute failed to open after baling out following a collision with another Spitfire of 41Sqn. (Author's note: another source attributes this claim to the ace, 'Sailor' Malan of 74Sqn). Wounded in the knee, Molders was able to force-land his damaged Bf109 on the French coast. He returned to his unit on 7 August, but would have to wait some time before he could fly again.

On 26 August 1940, Molders submitted his 27th claim, another Spitfire. By 20 September, his score had reached 40 enemy aircraft shot down, proof that the battles over England were very intense and on that day, he was credited with two more Spitfires (X4417 and N3248) of No. 92Sqn and was awarded the Oak Leaves to his Ritterkreuz. He was only the second member of the German armed forces to receive the decoration. Four days later, Adolf Galland also received the award, becoming the third person to do so. It was at about this time that German newspapers devised a kind of competition between the two aces. One publication would be 'for Molders' another 'for Galland'; in reality however, Molders was not interested in such 'competition'. He told Galland: 'In this war; you will be the Richthofen and I the Bolcke' - yet further proof that the serious Kommodore was more interested in tactics than glory.

Molders score continued to increase; on 27 September, it was a Spitfire over Kent, possibly P9364 of No. 222Sqn. piloted by Sgt Ernest Scott, who was killed after having shot down a Bf109 - his fifth confirmed victory. On 11 October, another Spitfire I went down (X4562 of No. 66Sqn) and next day, three Hurricane Is (P3896,V7251 andV7426) of No. 145Sqn. On 17 October, Molders claimed another Spitfire (R6800 LZ-N of No.66Sqn.) followed by three more Hurricanes on 22 October (possibly from Nos. 46 and 257Sqn's) off the English coast. Molders now had his fiftieth victory. Galland reached this total eight days later. From the beginning of October, Molders became the first pilot to test the new Bf109F in combat, which soon proved superior to contemporary British fighters. Certainly, this also helped in his subsequent successes.

After spending a few days leave skiing, JG51's Kommodore returned to action at the beginning of 1941. Exploiting the relative inactivity of the Luftwaffe in the west (the German High Command was preparing to attack the Soviet Union and had moved many units to the east), the RAF were beginning to conduct sorties over France and the fighting now took place mainly off the French coast. On 20 February, Molders claimed two Spitfires (his 57th and 58th victories). Five days later, a Spitfire II (X4592 of No. 611Sqn) was shot down, and on the following day he scored his 60th victory. Galland had to wait until 15 April to attain the same score.

On 13 March, Molders shot down another British ace, S/Ldr Aeneas 'Donald' MacDonnel. MacDonnel, from No. 64Sqn, was born in Baku in 1913, and was the 22nd Hereditary Chief of the Glengarry Clan. Leading a sweep over Northern France, MacDonnel (credited with nine or ten victories) was shot down by Molders (his 62nd victory) and baled out into the Channel. He was rescued by a German motor boat but remained a prisoner of war until 1945.

The new versions of the Hurricane and Spitfire proved no match for the Bf109E. This is well indicated by a list of Molders's claims for the period: Hurricane II of No.615Sqn two Hurricane II's of No.601Sqn (one claimed as a 'Spitfire') Hurricane II (Z3087) of No.601Sqn Hurricane II (Z2743) of No.601Sqn Spitfire II of No.92Sqn.

Molders' aerial victories declined following the transfer of JG51 to the East. On 21 June, Adolf Galland - then with 69 claims - was the first Luftwaffe pilot to add the Swords to his Ritterkreuz. On the eve of Barbarossa - the German invasion of the Soviet Union, Molders had 'only' 68 claims, but on the day of the invasion, he claimed an I-153 (which must have brought back memories of Spain!) and three SB-2s shot down. He was awarded the Swords but this time as the second pilot to receive the decoration.

At this time, Soviet aircraft and pilots were seen as generally inferior to their German counterparts and this enabled Molders and his men to claim unprecedented scores and on 30 June, he was credited with the destruction of no fewer than five enemy aircraft. By 15 July 1941, on his 291st combat mission he claimed his 100th and 101st victories and was awarded the Diamonds to his Ritterkreuz. By comparison, Galland, would have to wait until 28 January 1942 for this decoration.

By this time, Molders had achieved an almost mythical status, seen to be deserving of 'protection'. He was ordered not to fly ('Flugverbot) to avoid risking his life at the front and was transferred to the Air Ministry in Berlin. On 7 August 1941, he was promoted to Inspector of Fighters and left his unit and on 13 September 1941, he married Louise Baldauf, the widow of a fallen comrade.

Molders could have remained safely at the Ministry, close to his wife, but he was preoccupied with the Soviet campaign and visited the Eastern Front many times. In the autumn of 1941, he went to the Crimea to lead the combined operations of Stukas and fighters where he discovered an important supply problem which he tried to resolve. In spite of the Flugverbot, he wanted to have a clearer picture of the situation in the air by flying again. On 8 and 11 November, Molders borrowed a Bf109 of III./JG77 and shot down three more Soviet aircraft over Sevastopol and the Kertsch peninsula, though he did not record them officially. Future Ritterkreuztriiger, Herbert Hahne, remembered serving as Molders' wingman at this time. After spotting enemy aircraft, the Inspector led his Kaczmarek, giving him instructions by radio and 'donating' him his victories. It would seem that 'Vati' Molders enjoyed the role of 'counsellor' and adviser.

On 17 November 1941, Generaloberst Ernst Udet committed suicide and Molders was called back to Berlin to assist with the funeral. Four days later, he began his journey to the capital as a passenger in a He-111 of III./KG27 piloted by Oblt. Kolbe, another former flyer from Spain. The weather was bad and following an interim stop at Lemberg, the Heinkel took off again but the weather conditions continued to deteriorate. Near Breslau, the port engine failed and the crew tried to land at the nearest available airfield, Schmiedefelde. At low altitude, the second engine cut and the He-111 (1G+TH) hit the ground near Martin Quander Farm at N°132 Flughafenstrasse. Molders was killed at 11.30 on 22 November. He was succeeded as Inspector of Fighters by Adolf Galland.

As is often the case after a plane crash (Balbo, Sikorsky, Todt, etc.), rumors circulated in some quarters about a plot to kill Molders but post-war research has found these to be totally without foundation. It is true that Molders, as a devout Catholic, criticized the Nazi Party many times for its activities against the church. But to kill Germany's greatest ace for such beliefs at such a critical period in the war is, in the author's opinion, inconceivable.

Werner Molders was buried in the Invalidenfriedhof at Berlin where Manfred von Richthofen already lay. His Geschwader, JG51, later adopted the honor name 'Jagdgeschwader Molders'. As a postscript to this biography it is worth quoting the words of another ace, Dietrich Hrabak: 'Wir waren nur jagdflieger. Molders was mehr als das!': 'We were only fighter pilots. Molders was more than that!'.

Asisbiz Database list of 72 aerial victories for Werner Molders

Date Pilot Name Unit EA Type Height Time Location
20-Sep-39 Werner Molders 1./JG53 Hawk-75A   07.45 Sierck
30-Oct-39 Werner Molders Stab III./JG53   11.12 Klusserath NE Trier
22-Dec-39 Werner Molders Stab III./JG53   15.05 15km NE Metz
02-Mar-40 Werner Molders Stab III./JG53   12.15 S Bitsch
03-Mar-40 Werner Molders Stab III./JG53 Morane   13.55 12km SE Diedenhofen
26-Mar-40 Werner Molders Stab III./JG53 Morane   15.00 Wolkenfeld
02-Apr-40 Werner Molders Stab III./JG53   12.10 S Saargemund
20-Apr-40 Werner Molders Stab III./JG53 Hawk-75A   11.54 7km W Saargemund
23-Apr-40 Werner Molders Stab III./JG53   11.14 S Diedenhofen
14-May-40 Werner Molders Stab III./JG53   16.30 Sedan
15-May-40 Werner Molders Stab III./JG53   13.05 Charleville
19-May-40 Werner Molders Stab III./JG53 Bloch 152   09.35 NE Reims
20-May-40 Werner Molders Stab III./JG53 Wellesley   19.15 Compiegne
21-May-40 Werner Molders Stab III./JG53 Morane 406   17.30 SW Compiegne
21-May-40 Werner Molders Stab III./JG53 Morane 406   17.50 SW Compiegne
21-May-40 Werner Molders Stab III./JG53 Morane 406   19.18 SW Compiegne
22-May-40 Werner Molders Stab III./JG53 Potez 63   17.50 SW Mourmelon-le-Grand
25-May-40 Werner Molders Stab III./JG53 Morane 406   18.55 Foret de Compiegne
27-May-40 Werner Molders Stab III./JG53 Hawk-75A   09.10 15km W Amiens
27-May-40 Werner Molders Stab III./JG53 Hawk-75A   09.11 15km W Amiens
31-May-40 Werner Molders Stab III./JG53 LeO 451   19.00 30km S Abbeville
03-Jun-40 Werner Molders Stab III./JG53 Hawk-75A 3000m 14.40 SE Paris
03-Jun-40 Werner Molders Stab III./JG53 Hawk-75A   14.30 Paris
05-Jun-40 Werner Molders Stab III./JG53 Potez 63   11.23 NW Pont Ste Maxance
05-Jun-40 Werner Molders Stab III./JG53 Bloch   11.20 West of Compiegne
28-Jul-40 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   15.30 Dover
26-Aug-40 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   12.55 Folkestone
28-Aug-40 Werner Molders Stab /JG51 Hawk-75A   10.05 NE Dover
28-Aug-40 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   18.25 Canterbury
31-Aug-40 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   10.01 NE Folkestone
31-Aug-40 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   10.00 NE Folkestone
31-Aug-40 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   10.10 NE Folkestone
06-Sep-40 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   14.45 Folkestone
07-Sep-40 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   18.32 South of London
09-Sep-40 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   18.45 South of London
11-Sep-40 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   17.10 SE London
14-Sep-40 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   17.30 SW London
16-Sep-40 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   09.24 South of London
20-Sep-40 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   12.35 Dungeness
20-Sep-40 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   12.34 Dungeness
27-Sep-40 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   17.03 Maidstone
28-Sep-40 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   15.01 Littlestone
11-Oct-40 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   12.30 Folkestone
12-Oct-40 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   10.40 Lympne
12-Oct-40 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   10.43 Canterbury
12-Oct-40 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   14.12 Dungeness
15-Oct-40 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   09.15 South of London
17-Oct-40 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   16.22 South of London
22-Oct-40 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   15.40 NW Maidstone
22-Oct-40 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   15.41 NW Maidstone
22-Oct-40 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   15.42 NW Maidstone
25-Oct-40 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   10.45 NW Dover
25-Oct-40 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   13.20 Margate
29-Oct-40 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   13.55 Dungeness
01-Dec-40 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   15.15 Ashford
10-Feb-41 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   17.29 5km NE Calais
20-Feb-41 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   16.57 Dover
20-Feb-41 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   16.56 Dover
25-Feb-41 Werner Molders Stab /JG51      
25-Feb-41 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   15.20 N. Gravelines
26-Feb-41 Werner Molders Stab /JG51      
26-Feb-41 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   18.37 SE Dungeness
12-Mar-41 Werner Molders Stab /JG51 3500m   off Dungeness
13-Mar-41 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   15.22 20km W. Cap Gris Nez
15-Apr-41 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   18.00 SW Boulogne
16-Apr-41 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   18.42 SW Dungeness
16-Apr-41 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   18.32 5km W. Berck
28-Apr-41 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   13.10 Dungeness
04-May-41 Werner Molders Stab /JG51 2000m 12.17 5km E. Deal
04-May-41 Werner Molders Stab /JG51 2000m 12.30 5km E Deal
06-May-41 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   12.00 Dover
08-May-41 Werner Molders Stab /JG51   12.20 vor Dover

Werner 'Vati' Mölders Oberst

Werner "Vati" Mölders was born on 18 March 1913, at Gelsenkirchen in the Ruhrgebiet. He joined the army in 1931 and served as an officer cadet in the Infantry. In 1934, with the rebirth of the Luftwaffe as a result of Hitler coming to power, Mölders requested a transfer to become a pilot. At his first attempt to join the Luftwaffe, he was declared unfit for flying. He tried again and was accepted for flying training. He was badly afflicted by air sickness but overcame the problem through sheer willpower..

On 1 July 1935, Leutnant Mölders was posted to Fliegergruppe Schwerin (later to be redesignated I./StG 162). He was appointed Staffelkapitän of 1./JG 334 (later to be redesignated 1./JG 53) on 15 March 1936. On 1 April 1936, he was transferred to the Schulstaffel of JG 134 to undertake instructing duties. For two years he was an instructor at Wiesbaden. He volunteered for the Condor Legion and arrived by sea in Cadiz on 14 April that year. He took over from Adolf Galland at the head of 3.J/88. During the Spanish conflict he showed considerable qualities not only as a pilot and marksman but also, and especially, as a tactician and organiser. Together with other airmen, in Spain he developed the technique known as the "finger four", or fan, which improved a flight's all-round vision and encouraged the pilots' initiative. Between 15 July and 3 November 1938, he shot down fourteen aircraft: eleven I-16 "Mosca", two Polikarpov I-15 "Chato" and one SB-2 "Katyuska", as well as one unconfirmed I-16 victory, most of these at the controls of the Bf 109 C-1 coded 6-79 "Luchs"..

He was awarded the Spanienkreuz in Gold mit Schwertern und Brillanten in recognition of his achievements. At the end of the year he returned to Germany as the highest scoring German pilot of the Spanish conflict, with a glowing reputation and a maturity beyond his years and rank. At the beginning of World War II, Mölders was Staffelkapitän of 1./JG 53 "Pik As", based at Wiesbaden-Erbenheim. He became known by those under his command as "Vati" (Daddy) Mölders. He shot down his first aircraft of the Second World War on 21 September 1939, a French Curtiss 75 A fighter. On 1 November he went on to command III./JG 53, also based at Wiesbaden-Erbenheim..

On 27 May 1940, after his 20th victory, a French Curtiss 75 A SW of Amiens, he was promoted to Hauptmann and decorated with the Knight's Cross. He was shot down in combat on 5 June 1940, by French ace Sous Lieutenant René Pommier Layragues (6 victories) flying a D.520 of GC II/7 after having scored 25 victories during 128 missions and was taken prisoner. He was liberated two weeks later upon the armistice with France. He returned to Germany to be promoted to Major and given command of JG 51 as Kommodore..

On 28 July 1940, during his first flight with his new unit, he succeeded in downing a Spitfire, but his aircraft was then hit by the enemy aircraft. Severely wounded in the legs, Mölders just managed to make an emergency landing at the airfield at Wissant in France. It was not until a month later that he was able to return to combat, most likely flying the Bf 109 E-4 W.Nr. 2404 (photographed on 31 August with 32 victory bars), as well as W.Nr. 3737, (shot down over England while being flown by Hptm Asmus on 25 October, with no stab markings according to the crash report, but 49 victory bars). He quickly brought his score up by downing 28 British fighters during the remainder of the Battle of Britain, including his 40th, a Spitfire over Dungeness, on 20 September, for which he was awarded the Oak Leaves (No. 2) the next day. On 22 October he downed three RAF Hurricanes to become the first Luftwaffe pilot to reach a score of 50 aerial victories. By the end of the Battle of Britain he had a total of 54 victories, and he would add one more before the end of the year.

5 Pilots Werner Molders and Oblt. Hartmann Grasser 01

Major Werner Mölders and Oblt. Hartmann Grasser of the Stab flight of JG 51 after a mission over the British Isles during the Battle of Britain. Grasser was later assigned to JG 11 and would survive the war with 103 confirmed victories.

He continued flying and fighting over the Channel Front until early May, by which time he had brought down an additional 13 British aircraft. On 22 June 1941, the first day of Operation Barbarossa on the Eastern Front, he shot down four Russian aircraft, one I-153 and three SB-2 bombers, his 69th through 72nd victories, and was awarded the Schwertern (No. 2). He was the first pilot to surpass von Richthofen's WW I record score of 80 on 30 June, when he shot down 5 SB-2 bombers to score his 78th to 82nd victories on a day that JG 51 claimed 110 SB-2 and DB-3 bombers. He shot down a further four enemy aircraft on 5 July for his 83rd to 86th victories..

On 15 July he became the first pilot in history to record 100 victories and was immediately awarded the Brillanten (No. 1), the first German soldier to be so recognized. He was immediately forbidden to fly combat on the personal orders of Göring. At only 28 years of age, he was promoted to Oberst and appointed Inspector General of Fighters on 7 August. Even though ordered to cease flying combat missions, he continued to do so and achieved several unconfirmed victories over the Crimea. He personally instructed many pilots on how to achieve success, and helped develop the forward air controller concept. On 22 November 1941, he was flying as a passenger in a He 111 from the Crimea to Germany to attend the funeral of Ernst Udet. Landing during a thunderstorm at Breslau the aircraft crashed and Mölders and the pilot were killed. In his memory, on 20 December 1941, JG 51 was bestowed the honor name "Mölders".

He flew a total of some 330 missions during the Second World War, 100 of these on the Eastern Front, during which he shot down a total of 101 aircraft, 33 of these in the East. He also was the top scorer of the Legion Condor in Spain with 14 victories achieved in some 100 missions, and helped develop many of the modern fighter tactics still in use today.

No Date Time A/c Type Unit Location Comments
1. 15.7.1938 - Curtiss 3. J/88 Algar area  
2. 17.7.1938 - Curtiss 3. J/88 N Liria  
3. 19.7.1938 - Rata 3. J/88 W Villar del Arzobispo  
4. 19.8.1938 - Rata 3. J/88 Flix area  
5. 23.8.1938 - SB-2 3. J/88 Albi area  
6. 9.9.1938 - Rata 3. J/88 Flix area  
7. 13.9.1938 - Rata 3. J/88 Flix area  
8. 23.9.1938 - Rata 3. J/88 SW Ginestar  
- 23.9.1938 - Rata 3. J/88 not confirmed  
9. 10.10.1938 - Rata 3. J/88 NE Flix  
10. 15.10.1938 - Rata 3. J/88 W La Figuera  
11. 15.10.1938 - Rata 3. J/88 Sierra de Montsant area  
12. 31.10.1938 - Rata 3. J/88 NW Flix  
13. 31.10.1938 - Rata 3. J/88 S Ribarroja  
14. 3.11.1938 - Rata 3. J/88 Mola area  
15. 20.9.1939 14:30 Curtiss 1./JG 53 W Merzig Hawk H-75A of GC II/5, Armée de l’air flown by Sgt Queginer, baled out
16. 30.10.1939 11:12 III./JG 53 Near Klüsserath Blenheim I (L6694) of 18 Sqn, RAF flown by Flt Lt AA Dilnot, crew killed
17. 22.12.1939 15:05 Morane III./JG 53 15km NE Metz Hurricane (N2385) of 73 Sqn, RAF flown by Sgt RM Berry, killed
18. 2.3.1940 12:20 III./JG 53 Völklingen Possibly Hurricane I (L1808) of 73 S1n, RAF flown by F/O EJ Kain (19/0/2 victories), crash-landed at Toul
19. 3.3.1940 13:55 Morane III./JG 53 Metz Morane 406 of GC II/3, Armée de l’air flown by Cpl Chef Korber, crash-landed at Toul
20. 26.3.1940 15:00 Morane III./JG 53 Diedenhofen Hurricane I of 73 Sqn, RAF flown by F/O N Orton, returned damaged
21. 2.4.1940 12:10 III./JG 53 St Avold Hurricane I of 1 Sqn, RAF flown by P/O CD Palmer, baled out
22. 20.4.1940 11:54 Curtiss III./JG 53 Zweibrücken area Probably Hawk H-75A (No 136) of GC II/4, Armée de l’air flown by Adj Chef Cruchant, crash-landed near Bliesbück badly wounded
23. 23.4.1940 11:14 III./JG 53 S Diedenhofen Probably Hurricane I (N2391) of 73 Sqn, RAF flown by Sgt CNS Campbell, baled out wounded
24. 14.5.1940 16:30 III./JG 53 Sedan-Charville  
25. 15.5.1940 13:05 III./JG 53 Sedan  
26. 19.5.1940 9:35 Curtiss III./JG 53 NE Reims  
27. 20.5.1940 19:15 Vickers III./JG 53 Compiegne Possibly Vickers Wellesley
28. 21.5.1940 17:30 Morane III./JG 53    
29. 21.5.1940 17:50 Morane III./JG 53    
30. 21.5.1940 19:18 Morane III./JG 53    
31. 22.5.1940 17:50 Potez 63 III./JG 53 SW Mourmelon airfield  
32. 25.5.1940 18:55 Morane III./JG 53 Villers Cotterets Forest  
33. 27.5.1940 9:10 Curtiss III./JG 53 15km SW Amiens Mölders said it was a Bloch 152
34. 27.5.1940 9:11 Curtiss III./JG 53 15km SW Amiens Mölders said it was a Bloch 152
35. 31.5.1940 19:00 LeO 45 III./JG 53 Abbéville-Amiens LeO 451
36. 3.6.1940 14:30 Curtiss III./JG 53 Paris Possibly D.520
37. 3.6.1940 15:00 III./JG 53 Paris  
38. 5.6.1940 11:20 Bloch III./JG 53 Compiegne  
39. 5.6.1940 11:23 Potez 63 III./JG 53 Compiegne  
40. 28.7.1940 - Stab/JG 51 Dover Spitfire I of 41 Sqn, RAF flown by F/O ADJ Lovell (18.5/2/10.666 victories), crash-landed wounded
41. 26.8.1940 12:55 Stab/JG 51 Folkestone  
42. 28.8.1940 10:40 Curtiss Stab/JG 51 NE Dover  
43. 28.8.1940 18:40 Stab/JG 51 Canterbury  
44. 31.8.1940 9:50 Stab/JG 51 between Folkestone and Dover  
45. 31.8.1940 9:50~ Stab/JG 51 between Folkestone and Dover  
46. 31.8.1940 9:50~ Stab/JG 51 between Folkestone and Dover  
47. 6.9.1940 14:40 Stab/JG 51 Folkestone  
48. 7.9.1940 18:30 Stab/JG 51 London  
49. 9.9.1940 18:45 Stab/JG 51 London  
50. 11.9.1940 17:05 Stab/JG 51 SE London  
51. 14.9.1940 17:40 Stab/JG 51 SW London  
52. 16.9.1940 8:50 Stab/JG 51 London  
53. 20.9.1940 12:34 Stab/JG 51 Near Folkestone Spitfire of 92 Sqn, RAF flown by P/O HP Hill
54. 20.9.1940 12:34 Stab/JG 51 Near Folkestone Spitfire of 92 Sqn, RAF flown by Sgt PR Eyles
55. 27.9.1940 17:00 Stab/JG 51 Near Maidstone Possibly Spitfire I (P9364) of 222 Sqn, RAF flown by Sgt E Scott (5/3/0 victories), killed
56. 28.9.1940 15:00 Stab/JG 51 Near Littlestone  
57. 11.10.1940 12:30 Stab/JG 51 Near Folkestone Spitfire I (X4562) of 66 Sqn, RAF flown by P/O JHT Pickering, baled out over Canterbury, wounded
58. 12.10.1940 10:40 Stab/JG 51 Liquizue  
59. 12.10.1940 10:40 Stab/JG 51 Cauberberg  
60. 12.10.1940 10:45 Stab/JG 51 Dungeness  
61. 15.10.1940 9:15 Stab/JG 51 Kneleig  
62. 17.10.1940 16:25 Stab/JG 51 London  
63. 22.10.1940 15:40 Stab/JG 51 NW Maidstone  
64. 22.10.1940 15:40~ Stab/JG 51 NW Maidstone  
65. 22.10.1940 15:40~ Stab/JG 51 NW Maidstone  
66. 25.10.1940 10:45 Stab/JG 51 NW Dover Spitfire I (P7365) of 603 Sqn, RAF flown by P/O SF Soden
67. 25.10.1940 13:10 Stab/JG 51 Margate Spitfire I (P7309) of 603 Sqn, RAF flown by P/O P Oliver
68. 29.10.1940 13:55 Stab/JG 51 Dungeness  
69. 1.12.1940 15:15 Stab/JG 51 Ashforth  
70. 10.2.1941 17:29 Stab/JG 51 5km NNE Calais  
71. 20.2.1941 16:56 Stab/JG 51 Dover  
72. 20.2.1941 16:59 Stab/JG 51 Dover  
73. 25.2.1941 15:20 Stab/JG 51 N Gravelines  
74. 26.2.1941 18:22 Stab/JG 51 SW Dungeness  
75. 12.3.1941 19:15 Stab/JG 51 Dungeness Spitfire II of 74 Sqn, RAF flown by Sgt JN Glendinning (4/1/1 victories), killed
76. 13.3.1941 15:22 Stab/JG 51 SW Boulogne Spitfire of 64 Sqn, RAF flown by Sqn Ldr ARD MacDonnell (12.5.1.7 victories), baled out, POW
77. 15.4.1941 - Stab/JG 51 Boulogne  
78. 16.4.1941 - Stab/JG 51 SW Dungeness  
79. 16.4.1941 - Stab/JG 51 S Le Touquet  
80. 4.5.1941 - Stab/JG 51 E Canterbury  
81. 6.5.1941 - Stab/JG 51 Dover  
82. 8.5.1941 - Stab/JG 51 Dover  
83. 22.6.1941 - Curtiss Stab/JG 51   I-153 of 123 IAP/10SAD, VVS
84. 22.6.1941 - SB-2 Stab/JG 51    
85. 22.6.1941 - SB-2 Stab/JG 51    
86. 22.6.1941 - SB-2 Stab/JG 51    
87. 22.6.1941 - SB-2 Stab/JG 51    
88. 24.6.1941 - SB-2 Stab/JG 51    
89. 25.6.1941 - SB-2 Stab/JG 51    
90. 29.6.1941 - Pe-2 Stab/JG 51    
91. 29.6.1941 - I-16 Stab/JG 51    
92. 30.6.1941 - SB-2 Stab/JG 51 Bobyruysk area  
93. 30.6.1941 - SB-2 Stab/JG 51 Bobyruysk area  
94. 30.6.1941 - SB-2 Stab/JG 51 Bobyruysk area  
95. 30.6.1941 - SB-2 Stab/JG 51 Bobyruysk area  
96. 30.6.1941 - SB-2 Stab/JG 51 Bobyruysk area  
97. 5.7.1941 - SB-2 Stab/JG 51    
98. 5.7.1941 - SB-2 Stab/JG 51    
99. 5.7.1941 - I-18 Stab/JG 51   MiG-3
100. 5.7.1941 - I-18 Stab/JG 51   MiG-3
101. 9.7.1941 - Curtiss Stab/JG 51 Rogachev-Orsha-Smolensk area I-153
102. 9.7.1941 - Curtiss Stab/JG 51 Rogachev-Orsha-Smolensk area I-153
103. 9.7.1941 - I-16 Stab/JG 51 Rogachev-Orsha-Smolensk area  
104. 10.7.1941 - RZ Stab/JG 51 Rogachev-Orsha-Smolensk area  
105. 10.7.1941 - RZ Stab/JG 51 Rogachev-Orsha-Smolensk area  
106. 11.7.1941 - E/a Stab/JG 51 Rogachev-Orsha-Smolensk area  
107. 11.7.1941 - E/a Stab/JG 51    
108. 12.7.1941 - E/a Stab/JG 51    
109. 13.7.1941 - E/a Stab/JG 51    
110. 13.7.1941 - E/a Stab/JG 51    
111. 14.7.1941 - Pe-2 Stab/JG 51    
112. 14.7.1941 - Pe-2 Stab/JG 51    
113. 14.7.1941 - Pe-2 Stab/JG 51    
114. 15.7.1941 - E/a Stab/JG 51    
115. 15.7.1941 - E/a Stab/JG 51    
- 8.11.1941 - Il-2 Stab/JG 77    

Victories : 115
Awards : Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds
Units : J/88, JG 53, JG 51

Website Reference: http://www.luftwaffe.cz/molders.html

Luftwaffe Badge

Major Heinz (Hainz Bernhard) Schumann

Units:Stfkpt 1./JG-71 (redesig. 4./JG-52 in 9/39), Stab I./JG-51 (5/41), 10(Jabo)./JG-2, Kdr II/SKG-10 (1/43), Kdr IV/SG-10(10/43), Kdr SKG-210

Awards:RK(3/18/43), Spanish Cross, DK-G(1/25/42), EP(9/15/41), EK 1 & 2, Fighter & Assault Operational Clasps

Known Aircraft:Bf 109D & E, Bf 109F-2/B 'Red 1' in JG-51, He-51 in '39, Fw 190G-3 WNr 160336 (lost 11/43) in SKG-10 in '43

Remarks:KIA 8 November, 1943 in aerial combat in his G-3 with Spitfires near Charleroi. Obermaier suggests that he crashed as a result of bad weather and engine trouble on a return flight from Berlin. Buried Champigny-St Andre France, Block 6/9/787 (Rosseels). His first victory, a Fesselballon near Weissenburg, 7 November, 1939. His 2nd, a Battle in the Sedan area, 14 May, 1940. One source states victories at 21. 6 victories in the West. His 6th, a Hurricane at Folkestone on 15 May, 1941. Magnus, 21 victories, and judging by his awards, this is probably correct. Bowers/Lednicer, 18 victories.

Asisbiz database list of aerial victories for Major Heinz (Hainz Bernhard) Schumann

Date Unit Pilot Claimed Locatation Time Front
08/11/1939 Oblt. Heinz Schumann 4./JG 52   Weissenburg 12.45 Western Front
14/05/1940 Oblt. Heinz Schumann 4./JG 52 Battle Raum Sedan 16.35 Western Front
15/05/1941 Oblt. Heinz Schumann Stab I./JG 51 Hurricane Folkestone 20.04 Western Front
25/06/1941 Oblt. Heinz Schumann Stab I./JG 51 SB-2 - 12.35 Eastern Front
25/06/1941 Oblt. Heinz Schumann Stab I./JG 51 SB-2 - 12.36 Eastern Front
25/06/1941 Oblt. Heinz Schumann Stab I./JG 51 SB-2 - 12.38 Eastern Front
29/06/1941 Oblt. Heinz Schumann Stab I./JG 51 Skua - 19.52 Eastern Front
30/06/1941 Oblt. Heinz Schumann Stab I./JG 51   - 16.25 Eastern Front
02/07/1941 Oblt. Heinz Schumann Stab I./JG 51 SB-2 - 14.48 Eastern Front
02/07/1941 Oblt. Heinz Schumann Stab I./JG 51 SB-2 - 15.34 Eastern Front
10/07/1941 Oblt. Heinz Schumann Stab I./JG 51 V-11 - - Eastern Front
14/07/1941 Oblt. Heinz Schumann Stab I./JG 51 Pe-2 SE Gori 16.05 Eastern Front
24/07/1941 Oblt. Heinz Schumann Stab I./JG 51 SB-2 - 14.55 Eastern Front
24/07/1941 Oblt. Heinz Schumann Stab I./JG 51 SB-2 S. Propojsk 14.58 Eastern Front
24/07/1941 Oblt. Heinz Schumann Stab I./JG 51 SB-2 S. Propojsk 14.59 Eastern Front
24/09/1943 Hptm. Heinz Schumann 3./Schl.G. 77 Jak-9 10 132: 1200m 11.25 Eastern Front

 Some of the most widely used Book References:

  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase One: July-August 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 1) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Eddie J Creek (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Two: August-September 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 2) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Three: September-October 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 3) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Four: November 1940-June 1941 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 4) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)

 Some of the most widely used Magazine References:

  • Airfix Magazines (English) - http://www.airfix.com/
  • Avions (French) - http://www.aerostories.org/~aerobiblio/rubrique10.html
  • FlyPast (English) - http://www.flypast.com/
  • Flugzeug Publikations GmbH (German) - http://vdmedien.com/flugzeug-publikations-gmbh-hersteller_verlag-vdm-heinz-nickel-33.html
  • Flugzeug Classic (German) - http://www.flugzeugclassic.de/
  • Klassiker (German) - http://shop.flugrevue.de/abo/klassiker-der-luftfahrt
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://boutique.editions-lariviere.fr/site/abonnement-le-fana-de-l-aviation-626-4-6.html
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://www.pdfmagazines.org/tags/Le+Fana+De+L+Aviation/
  • Osprey (English) - http://www.ospreypublishing.com/
  • Revi Magazines (Czech) - http://www.revi.cz/