1 Staffel I. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 3 'Udet' - 1./JG3
Messerschmitt Bf 109F2 1./JG3 (W7+) Robert Olejnik Russia 1941 01
Messerschmitt Bf 109F2 1./JG3 (W7+) Robert Olejnik Russia 1941 0A
Messerschmitt Bf 109F2 1./JG3 (W7+) Robert Olejnik Russia 1941 by Vladimir Kamsky 0A
Messerschmitt Bf 109F-2 1./JG3 (White 7+) Staffelkapitan Oberleutenant Robert Oleijnik Russia 1941
Messerschmitt Bf 109F-2 1./JG3 (White 10+) Russia 1941
2 Staffel I. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 3 'Udet' - 2./JG3
Messerschmitt Bf 109F2 2./JG3 (B7+) Helmut Meckel Russia 1941 01
Messerschmitt Bf 109F2 2./JG3 (B7+) Helmut Meckel Russia 1941 0A
Messerschmitt Bf 109F2 2./JG3 White 10 Eastern Front 1941 01
Messerschmitt Bf 109F 2./JG3 (B7+) Helmut Meckel Russia 1941 00
Image 01: Messerschmitt Bf 109F 'Black 7' flown by Oblt. Helmut Meckel of 2./JG3, July 1941 Although in standard 74/75/76 factory finish, the fuselage sides on this machine are unusually dark where the 02/74/75 mottling has been heavily oversprayed with Green 70. The original completely yellow cowling has been toned down with a patchy overspray to bring it in line with the latest directive calling for only the cowling undersurfaces to be yellow, and this machine carries victory bars on the rudder representing the pilot's claim of 22 aircraft destroyed. Canopy framing appears to have been Green 70.
Messerschmitt Bf 109F 2./JG3 (B7+) Helmut Meckel Russia 1941 01
Photo 01: Messerschmitt Bf 109F 'Black 7' flown by Knight's Cross holder Helmut Meckel on the Southern Sector of the Eastern Front in July 1941. Meckel flew with I./JG3 and his aircraft is shown here marked with 22 victory bars. After a crash which rendered him temporarily unfit for flying duties, Meckel later transferred to the Stab of JG77 in North Africa but during the final days in Tunisia was killed when his Bf 108 crashed on take-off on 8 May 1943. Some uncertainty exists regarding Meckel's final total of victories, was 25.
Pilots 2./JG3 Helmut Meckel 01
Messerschmitt Bf 109F-4 2./JG3 (B8+) Fritz Galland Rogan, Russia May 1942
3 Staffel I. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 3 'Udet' - 3./JG3
Messerschmitt Bf 109F2 3./JG3 (Y4+) Heinz Schmidt WNr 8980 shot down Keiv Russia July 20 1941 01
Messerschmitt Bf 109F2 3./JG3 (Y4+) Heinz Schmidt WNr 8980 shot down Keiv Russia July 20 1941 0A
Messerschmitt Bf 109F4 3./JG3 (Y11+) unknown pilot Charkow Rogan Russia June 1942 0A
Messerschmitt Bf 109F4 3./JG3 (Y2+) Frolov near Stalingrad Russia June 1942 01
Messerschmitt Bf 109F4Trop 3./JG3 (Y4+) Walter Hagenah landing accident Straubing May 1942 01-02
Messerschmitt Bf 109F 3./JG3 (Y2+) Frolov near Stalingrad, Russia June 1942
Photo 01: 'Yellow 2' of 3. Staffel showing the Gruppe's crossed swords badge on the fuselage and on the engine cowling, the 'Winged D' badge, first adopted at the end of 1941 when the Geschwader received the honour-title 'Jagdgeschwader Ddet'.
Messerschmitt Bf 109F2 3./JG3 (Y4+) Heinz Schmidt W.Nr 8980 shot down Keiv, Russia July 20, 1941 01
Photo 01: During July 1941, I./JG3 lost ten Bf-109s during operational sorties over the Eastern Front. One of these was flown by Ofw. Heinz Schmidt of 3./JG3 who took off on the 20th to attack Soviet observation balloons in the Kiev area but was shot down by anti-aircraft fire. Although Schmidt was captured, his subsequent fate is unknown and he was posted missing. Here Soviet troops examine Schmidt's aircraft, a Bf 109F W.Nr. 8980, coded 'Yellow 4'.
Messerschmitt Bf 109 F-4 3./JG3 (Y11+) unknown pilot Charkow-Rogan, Russia June 1942
Profile 00: Messerschmitt Bf 109F 3./JG3 (Y11+) unknown pilot Russia 1941
Helmut Meckel was born on 23 August 1917 at München. In October 1935, he was serving with an artillery regiment. He transferred as a Leutnant to the Luftwaffe in spring 1939. At the outbreak of World War 2, Meckel was serving with JG3. Leutnant Meckel was assigned to 1./JG3. He recorded his first victory during the Battle of France on 7 June 1940, when he shot down a RAF Hurricane fighter near Abbeville. On 16 September 1940, Meckel was appointed Staffelkapitän of 2./JG3. He raised his victory total to nine during the Battle of Britain. On 24 August, Meckel was fired at when he approached a Do 18 twin-engine flying boat.
His Bf-109E-3 (W.Nr. 1649) was hit in the radiator necessitating a forced-landing at Calais airfield. On 5 February 1941, Meckel shot down two Spitfire fighters near St Omer to record his 10th and 11th victories. Meckel led 2./JG3 during the invasion of Russia. The unit was mainly involved in low-level attacks against Soviet airfields, vehicle columns and troop concentrations as well as railway targets. Consequently it had fewer opportunities to engage in aerial combat. However, Meckel managed to record 14 victories during the early weeks in Russia. On 27 July, following a low-level attack on Adamay airfield led by Oberleutnant Meckel, 2./JG3 reported 20 enemy aircraft destroyed on the ground by bombing. The next day, it claimed 10 to 12 destroyed in an attack on an airfield near Kurowice.
On 2 July, 2./JG3 were performing another fighter-bomber mission when it was intercepted by Russian fighters forcing them to jettison their bombs. In the ensuing combat, Meckel's Bf109F-2 (W.Nr. 5472) was hit by enemy fire, which damaged the retraction mechanism of one undercarraige leg. Meckel was lucky and executed a successful one wheel landing at his home base. On 15 July 1941, Meckel was removed from front line duties suffering an illness. He returned to Germany for treatment. Oberleutnant Meckel was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 12 August for 25 victories. In 1942, Meckel was an instructor at the Luftkriegsschule at Berlin-Gatow. In early 1943, he was transferred to the staff of JG77 based in North Africa. On 8 May 1943, Meckel was killed in a flying accident at Korbous-East in Bf-108B-1 (W.Nr. 3073) with four others during the evacuation of Tunisia.
Helmut Meckel was credited with 25 victories. He recorded 11 victories over the Western front.
List of 25 aerial victories for Helmut Meckel
Victories : 25
Asisbiz Database of 13 aerial victories for Helmut Meckel
Robert Olejnik was born on 9 March 1911 at Essen-Borbeck. In October 1933, he learned to fly at the Deutsche Verkehrsfliegerschule and, in March 1935, entered the Luftwaffe becoming a fighter pilot instructor for a long period. On 15 June 1940, Olejnik was transferred to JG 3. Oberfeldwebel Olejnik was assigned to 2./JG 3. He recorded his first victory on 26 August during the Battle of Britain. By the end of 1940, his victory total stood at five.
In January 1941, Olejnik was promoted to the rank of Leutnant and, on 17 May, he was appointed Staffelkapitän of 1./JG 3. He led the unit during the invasion of the Soviet Union. On 22 June 1941, at 0340, Olejnik shot down a Russian I-16 fighter, the first pilot to score a victory over the Eastern front. He shot down four Russian bombers on 23 June, to record his seventh through 10th victories, and a further five on 26 June (11-15). Olejnik was shot down on 27 June, in combat with Russian I-16 fighters over Kanev. It is thought that he was the victim of Russian ace Leitenant Vasilii Demenok (8 victories, killed in action 14 August 1941) of 88 IAP, VVS. After reaching 32 victories, he was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 30 June.
On 14 August, in aerial combat with I-16s, Olejnik’s Bf 109 F received hits in the radiator necessitating a forced landing near Vasilkov. He escaped injury. By 14 September, when I./JG 3 left Russia, he had 37 victories to his credit. Following re-equipment with Bf 109 F-4 fighters, I./JG 3 was relocated to bases in Holland to perform shipping protection patrols and to intercept enemy formations. On 15 January 1942, I./JG 3 was redesignated II./JG 1. Olejnik retained command of 1./JG 3 as 3./JG 1.
In May 1943, Olejnik was appointed acting Gruppenkommandeur of II./JG 1 following the loss of Hauptmann Dietrich Wickop (13 victories) on 16 May. He relinquished command to Hauptmann Walter Hoeckner (68 victories, RK, killed in action 25 April 1944) on 28 June, reverting to the leadership of 4./JG 1. On 26 July 1943, Hauptmann Olejnik was appointed Gruppenkommandeur of III./JG 1 following the loss of Major Karl-Heinz Leesmann (37 victories, RK) on 25 June. He was to claim his last three victories of the war with this unit, all USAAF B-17 four-engine bombers.
Olejnik relinquished command of III./JG 1 to Hauptmann Friedrich Eberle (33 victories, DKiG) on 8 October 1943 when he was assigned to Erprobungskommando 16 to test the rocket-powered Me 163 fighter. On 21 December, he was appointed acting Gruppenkommandeur of Jagdgruppe Süd, but three days later left this unit and was reassigned to EKdo 16. Following a flight on 21 April 1944, the engine of his Me 163 B exploded on landing at Wittmundhaven. Considering most previous accidents of this type had had deadly results, Olejnik was very lucky to escape with “just” a broken back and facial injuries. Following release from hospital in August, he was assigned to JG 400. Olejnik was appointed Gruppenkommandeur of I./JG 400 in September 1944 .
On 2 November 1944, Olejnik took command of IV./EJG 2, equipped with Me 163s, based at Udetfeld. He was to end his war serving with this unit. Olejnik died on 29 October 1988 in Munich.
Robert Olejnik was credited with 42 victories achieved flying 680 missions. He recorded 32 victories scored over the Eastern front. Of his 10 victories recorded over the Western front, three were four-engine bombers.
Victories : 42
Asisbiz Database of 11 aerial victories out of 42 for Robert Olejnik
Heinz Schmidt MIA Keiv, Russia July 20, 1941
Units:I./JG-3 ('40), 3./JG-3 (7/41 Russia)
Awards:Fighter Operational Clasp
Known Aircraft:Bf 109F-2 WNr 8980 'Yellow (lost 7/20/41)
Remarks:MIA 20 July, 1941; AA fire 15 km west of Kiev during a mission against observation balloons. Apparently captured by the Soviets, nothing is known of his subsequent fate. Channel pilot. Barbarossa pilot. Mombeek MIA List.
No known aerial victories for Heinz Schmidt
Some of the most widely used Book References:
- Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase One: July-August 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 1) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Eddie J Creek (Author)
- Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Two: August-September 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 2) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
- Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Three: September-October 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 3) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
- Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Four: November 1940-June 1941 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 4) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
Some of the most widely used Magazine References:
- Airfix Magazines (English) - http://www.airfix.com/
- Avions (French) - http://www.aerostories.org/~aerobiblio/rubrique10.html
- FlyPast (English) - http://www.flypast.com/
- Flugzeug Publikations GmbH (German) - http://vdmedien.com/flugzeug-publikations-gmbh-hersteller_verlag-vdm-heinz-nickel-33.html
- Flugzeug Classic (German) - http://www.flugzeugclassic.de/
- Klassiker (German) - http://shop.flugrevue.de/abo/klassiker-der-luftfahrt
- Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://boutique.editions-lariviere.fr/site/abonnement-le-fana-de-l-aviation-626-4-6.html
- Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://www.pdfmagazines.org/tags/Le+Fana+De+L+Aviation/
- Osprey (English) - http://www.ospreypublishing.com/
- Revi Magazines (Czech) - http://www.revi.cz/