I Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 27 - I./JG27

The Battle of Gazala was a battle of the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War, fought around the port of Tobruk in Libya from 26 May – 21 June 1942. The combatants on the Axis side were the Panzer Army Afrika, consisting of German and Italian units and commanded by the "Desert Fox" Colonel-General Erwin Rommel; the Allied forces were the Eighth Army, commanded by Lieutenant-General Neil Ritchie under the close supervision of the Commander-in-Chief Middle East, General Sir Claude Auchinleck. Rommel drove his armoured forces round the southern flank of the Gazala position, to engage the British armour behind the Allied defences. Despite success, Rommel found himself in a precarious position: interference to supply lines resulting from the resistance of Allied Forces, which anchored the southern end of the Allied Gazala defences and left a long route of supply to his forces behind the British line.

Rommel pulled back into a position abutting the British minefields, a defensive position termed "the Cauldron", creating a threatening presence in the midst of the British forces which was difficult to ignore. When Ritchie attacked his armoured forces lost many tanks and Rommel maintained the initiative. As the British withdrew from the Gazala line, Rommel concentrated his forces and was able to punch through the defences of Tobruk in a day, resulting in the capture of Tobruk and a resounding victory for the Axis. The battle is considered the greatest victory of Rommel's career. Rommel pursued the British into Egypt, trying to keep his opponent under pressure to deny him the opportunity to regroup. As both sides neared exhaustion, Auchinleck was able to check Rommel's advance at the First battle of El Alamein.

Messerschmitt Bf 109F-4/Trop 1./JG27 White 1 Commander Wolfgang Redlich Gazala airfield Libya November 1941

Messerschmitt Bf 109F-4/Trop 'White 1' of Hptm. Wolfgang Redlich commander of I./JG27 Gazala airfield November 1941. Gazala Airfield number 3 LG-152 used by British during World War II

Messerschmitt Bf 109 F-4/Trop 1./JG27 (White 2+) North Africa 1942

Profile 01: Messerschmitt Bf 109F.4 Trop White 2 of 1./JG27, North Africa, Summer 1942. This aircraft is finished in a standard low-demarcation 79/78 desert scheme with an all-yellow cowling, but in this case, the white on the spinner has not been extended back to the first panel line on the engine cowling.

Messerschmitt Bf 109 F-4 I./JG27 (White 3+) North Africa 1941

Photo 01: A Bf 109F-4 Trop, White 3 of I./JG27.1t has been observed that the style of number is unusual for 1. Gruppe and may indicate the aircraft has been transferred from another Gruppe. The camouflage scheme consists of sand uppersurfaces with mid-demarcation, but tonal values between the sand and the undersurface blue makes the demarcation line almost indistinguishable.

Messerschmitt Bf-109E 1./JG27 (W5+) Albert Espenlaub N. Africa Nov 25, 1941 01

Photo 01: Ofw. Espenlaub seated on the wing of Bf-109E-7 White 5 soon after arriving in North Mrica

Messerschmitt Bf 109F 1./JG27 (W5+) Albert Espenlaub N. Africa Nov 25, 1941 01

Photo 01: Espenlaub later flew this Bf 109F-4, also coded White 5. Barely visible on the rudder are 11 white victory bars, the last representing a Boston shot down south of Gazala on 24 November 1941. As Espenlaubs 12th victory was claimed the next day, it is possible that Photo 03:

Messerschmitt Bf 109F 1./JG27 (W5+) Albert Espenlaub N. Africa Nov 25, 1941 02

Photo 03: shows Espenlaub landing after a sortie falown on the 25th during which he shot down a P-40 south-east of Tobruk.

Messerschmitt Bf 109F 1./JG27 (W11+) Albert Espenlaub W.Nr 8477 El Adem, N Africa Dec 13, 1941 00

Messerschmitt Bf 109F.4 Trop White 11 flown by Ofw. Albert Espenlaub of 1./JG27, December 1941

This aircraft is depicted as it is believed to have appeared shortly before it was shot down on 13 December. It was finished in standard 79 Sand Yellow uppersurfaces with 78 undersurfaces and white theatre markings. The 14 victory bars are speculative and are based on the Abschussbalken seen on the rudder of this pilots White 5, shown on the previous page.

Messerschmitt Bf 109F 1./JG27 (W11+) Albert Espenlaub W.Nr 8477 El Adem, N Africa Dec 13, 1941 01

Photo's 01-02: British soldiers posing near El Adem with Ofw. Albert Espenlaubs Bf 109F-4 Trop, White 11. During air combat on 13 December 1941, this aircraft, W.Nr. 8477, received damage to its engine cooling system and crash-landed behind Allied lines. At this time, Espenlaub had 14 victories but the two rows of Abschussbalken, which would have appeared on the rudder above the large tear in the fabric, have already been removed as souvenirs. Note that the aircraft appears darker than usual in these photographs on account of the liberal amount of boiling oil which has sprayed from the engine and coated most of the fuselage and leading edge of the fin. Ofw. Espenlaub was captured uninjured but later was shot and killed by a guard while trying to escape from a PoW camp in Palestine.

Profile Source: Model Airplane Int 086 2012-09 Page 43

Luftwaffe JG27 pilot Albert Espenlaub

Photo 01-02: Pilots of I./JG27 before their flight to North Africa. On the extreme left is Fw. Werner Schroer and, next to him holding papers, Oblt. Wolfgang Redlich, the Staffelkapitan. Second from the right is Ofw. Albert Espenlaub, wearing a life jacket.
Photo 03: examining the remains of burned-out Hurricane.
Photo 04: Espenlaub gravestone in the British and Commonwealth war grave at Rameleh, formerly in Palestine, now in Israel.

Messerschmitt Bf 109F2 1./JG27 (W5+) captured during Crusader at El Adem Dec 1941 01

Photo 01: Another Bf 109F captured during Crusader was this White 5 of I./JG27. The damage to the propeller blades suggests this machine made a forced landing and although the photographs are believed to have been taken at El Adem on 22 December 1941, the aircraft perhaps crashed elsewhere and was taken to El Adem later. The 78 Sandgelb camouflage on this aircraft, which extended right down the fuselage sides, appeared to have been thinly applied by brush and the original camouflage, particularly along the fuselage top decking, showed through as darker areas. The rudder was yellow and the white nose area immediately behind the spinner has been darkened by a coolant or oil leak.

Messerschmitt Bf 109F 1./JG27 (W9+) North Africa Feb 1942 01

The true nature of the Sandgelb 79 and Hellblau 78 colours used by the Luftwaffe in North Africa is revealed in this color photograph. The white segment on the spinner, the white fuselage band and the yellow under the cowling are absolutely typical of Bf 109Fs operating in North Africa in late 1941 and during 1942. The only modification introduced to these colors and markings was that the spinners were later painted all white and a white band, extending back to the panel line immediately ahead of the exhausts, was added to the front of the engine cowling, as barely visible on 'White 9'. Note the low tonal value between the blue and the sand which, in monochrome photographs, sometimes makes it difficult to clearly recognise the demarcation line.

Messerschmitt Bf 109F 1./JG27 (W11+) Albert Espenlaub W.Nr 8477 El Adem, N Africa Dec 13, 1941 00

Messerschmitt Bf 109 F-4/Trop White 11 flown by Ofw. Albert Espenlaub of 1./JG27, December 1941

This aircraft is depicted as it is believed to have appeared shortly before it was shot down on 13 December. It was finished in standard 79 Sand Yellow uppersurfaces with 78 undersurfaces and white theatre markings. The 14 victory bars are speculative and are based on the Abschussbalken seen on the rudder of this pilots White 5, shown on the previous page.

Messerschmitt Bf 109F 1./JG27 (W11+) Albert Espenlaub W.Nr 8477 El Adem, N Africa Dec 13, 1941 01

Photo's 01-02: British soldiers posing near El Adem with Ofw. Albert Espenlaubs Bf 109F-4 Trop, White 11. During air combat on 13 December 1941, this aircraft, W.Nr. 8477, received damage to its engine cooling system and crash-landed behind Allied lines. At this time, Espenlaub had 14 victories but the two rows of Abschussbalken, which would have appeared on the rudder above the large tear in the fabric, have already been removed as souvenirs. Note that the aircraft appears darker than usual in these photographs on account of the liberal amount of boiling oil which has sprayed from the engine and coated most of the fuselage and leading edge of the fin. Ofw. Espenlaub was captured uninjured but later was shot and killed by a guard while trying to escape from a PoW camp in Palestine.

Messerschmitt Bf 109F 2./JG27 (B3+) Martuba area 1942 01

Photo 01: A Bf 109F of I./JG27 in flight over the Martuba area, 1942.

Messerschmitt Bf 109 F-4/Z Trop 2./JG27 'Red 1' piloted by Staffelkapitan Leutnant Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt Qutaifiya Egypt (طريق الإسكندرية - مرسى مطروح) August 1942

Profile Source: Model Airplane Int 086 2012-09 Page 44

Messerschmitt Bf 109 F-4/Trop 3./JG27 (Yellow 1+) Werk Nr. 8580 Gerhard Homuth Libya 1942

Profile 00: Messerschmitt Me 109F-4 Yellow 1 piloted by Oberleutnant Gerhard Homuth, 3./JG27, Martuba/Libya, February 1942.

Profile Source: Model Airplane Int 086 2012-09 Page 43
Martuba Air Base (Arabic: القوات الجوية الليبية‎, Berber: Adwas Alibyan Ujnna) is now a Libyan Air Force base in the Derna District of Libya, located approximately 27 kilometres south-southeast of Derna, 268 kilometres east-northeast of Benghazi

Photo 01: Bf 109F 2./JG27 Black 11 W.Nr 7510F Crete Greece 1943

 
 IL-2 Sturmovik 'Cliff's of Dover' - COD game skins
IL2 game skin by BB Bf 109F4Trop 2./JG27 (R1+) Hans Arnold Stahlschmidt Egypt 1942
IL2 game skin by BB Bf 109F4Trop 3./JG27 (Y1+) Gerhard Homuth 8580 Libya 1942
IL2 game skin by BE Bf 109F4Trop 1./JG27 (W1+) Wolfgang Redlich Gazala 1941
IL2 game skin by BE Bf 109F4Trop 1./JG27 (W11+) Albert Espenlaub WNr 8477 Libya 1941
The package contains:27 skins, 20 generics and 7 with markings templates for Bf 109E fron Jesters_ink
templates for Bf 109 F - K from Revolver, with Elements from Jesters_ink and Foo´bar, modified and converted by Boelcke. All skins werre researched from pictures and profiles from Jochen Priens chronical of the I./JG 27 and the Jagdwaffe series. The G10 and K4 skins are a little bit speculative, cause there are not many pictures from the last months of ww2. Thx to Phase3 and Cheruskerarmin for their support with profiles for the later types. The generic skins will be part of my JG 27 dgen campaign (modded version), to be released soon. Have fun :) BE Boelcke
IL2 game skin by CN Bf 109F2Trop 3./JG27 (Y8+) North Africa 1941
IL2 game skin by CN Bf 109F2Trop 1./JG27 (W5+) El Adem 1941
Bf 109F-2 of 1./JG27, El Adem, December 1941. This aircraft appears to have RLM 79 Sandgelb thinly painted over RLM 74/75, with RLM 76 undersides. This skin can be modified for your own use, but may not be uploaded, or included as part of another skin, without permission. Thanks :) skin by Canon, September 2007 Canoncanonuk@hotmail.co.uk http://www.canons-skins.com
IL2 game skin by FB Bf 109F4Trop 1./JG27 (W2+) Egypt 1942
IL2 game skin by FB Bf 109F4Trop 2./JG27 (R4+) Sanyet 1942
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IL2 game skin by GF Bf 109F4Trop 1./JG27 (W11+) North Africa 1942
IL2 game skin by GF Bf 109F4Trop 2./JG27 (R1+) Hans Arnold Stahlschmidt Egypt 1942
GRAFhttp://mission4today.com/
IL2 game skin by HS Bf 109F4Trop 1./JG27 (W11+) Albert Espenlaub WNr 8477 El Adem 1941
IL2 game skin by HS Bf 109F4Trop 2./JG27 (R1+) Hans Arnold Stahlschmidt Egypt 1942
IL2 game skin by HS Bf 109F4Trop 3./JG27 (Y1+) Gerhard Homuth 8580 Libya 1942
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IL2 game skin by MS Bf 109F4Trop 1./JG27 (W1+) Wolfgang Redlich Gazala 1941
IL2 game skin by MS Bf 109F4Trop 1./JG27 (W11+) Albert Espenlaub WNr 8477 El Adem 1941
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IL2 game skin by P3 Bf 109F4Trop 3./JG27 (Y1+) Gerhard Homuth 8580 Libya 1942
IL2 game skin by RV Bf 109F4Trop 1./JG27 (W11+) Albert Espenlaub WNr 8477 Libya 1941
IL2 game skin by RV Bf 109F4Trop 2./JG27 (R1+) Hans Arnold Stahlschmidt Egypt 1942
IL2 game skin by RV Bf 109F4Trop 3./JG27 (Y1+) Gerhard Homuth 8580 Libya 1942
IL2 game skin by RV Bf 109F4Trop II./JG27 (R11+) Friedrich Korner WNr 10154 Libya 1942
RV REVOLVER
IL2 game skin by SY Bf 109F4Trop 2./JG27 (R4+-) Sanyet 1942
IL2 game skin by TA Bf 109F4Trop 3./JG27 (Y1+) Gerhard Homuth 8580 Libya 1942
IL2 game skin by VP Bf 109F4Trop 1./JG27 (W2+) Egypt 1942
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Luftwaffe Badge

Albert Espenlaub

The Fate of Ofw. Albert Espenlaub

Anyone who has visited the war graves managed today by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, will not be surprised to learn that some cemeteries contain headstones commemorating German soldiers. At Rameleh, about 20 km from Jerusalem, there is a cemetery which, as well as being the final resting place for several hundred Commonweath soldiers killed during the First and Second World Wars, also contains the remains of Luftwaffe pilot Albert Espenlaub. Several historians have stated, incorrectly, that Espenlaub was killed in aerial combat, or mention only that he made an emergency landing; invariably they fail to explain that today he lies in the War Graves cemetery at Rameleh. This is his story.

Albert Espenlaub was born on 25 August 1913 in Balzholt, today part of Beuren, in Baden Wurttemberg, about 40 km south of Stuttgart. The Espenlaub family was already connected with aviation and, indeed, Albert's older brother, Gottlob, born 13 years earlier, had grown up with a fascination for aeronautics which, in 1919, resulted in him being involved in the first of the R6hn glider trials on the Wasserkuppe. Later, Gottlob began building his own aircraft and gained world-wide fame in aviation circles for various feats which included making the first flight in a rocket-powered aircraft. Eventually, Gottlob launched his own company, EspenlaubFlugzeugbau which, after a modest beginning, quickly grew with premises successively located in Kassel, Goslar and later in Diisseldorf where the company was then completing aircraft at the rate of one per day. In 1939, the company moved to Wuppertal but, with the outbreak of war and the construction of private aircraft becoming more difficult, EspenlaubFlugzeugbau was engaged in the repair of ]u 87s and various fighter aircraft. Later, branches of the company were created at Riga in Latvia, and at Reval in Estonia, by which time the company employed about 3,000 workers.

To the great disappointment of Gottlob, who offered his brother a good position in his company, Albert was determined to become a Jagdflieger and entered the Wehrmacht in 1937. With his flying-training completed, at the end of 1940 Albert Espenlaub was transferred as an Unteroffizier to I./JG27, then under the command of Oblt. Wolfgang Redlich Espenlaub claimed his first victory, a Hurricane near Tobruk, on 21 April 1941; the second day his Staffel was in action il1NorthAfrica, but in spite of his outstanding abilities as a pilot, claimed no more victories until November. By 15 November, he gad made three claims and on that day claimed his fourth, again a Hurricane, and ended the month with a total of 12 victories including three'on the 23rd. On7 December he shot down a P-40 and on the 11th, a Blenheim. This was to be his last victory for, twO days later, he was himself shot down. His Staffelfuhrer, Oblt. Hugo Schneider, described what happened in the following letter, addressed to Espenlaub family, and dated 1 ]anuary1942:

December, we had a fight with English Hurricanes over enemy territory. Your son, who had already claimed 14 victories, dived too soon towards one enemy aircraft and received hits in the cooling system of his aircraft's engine. His comrades immediately drew the attention of the English on themselves in order to allow Albert and his damaged aircraft to leave the danger area and find protection in the clouds. He was last seen flying into such a cloud.

After a hit in the cooling system, the engine only runs five more minutes, after which one must land. I am certain that Albert made an emergency landing and was taken prisoner by the English who always treat captured airmen correctly and fairly. However, we are waiting for confirmation of this and although there is still a chance that he might be able to reach our lines and return to his unit, for the time being we must consider him missing in action. Should we receive any information from the English, I will inform you immediately. I am sorry that Albert is no longer with the Staffel, not only because he was our best fighter pilot, but also because I felt very close to him as a personal friend who taught me a lot.

In fact, Hugo Schneider was correct in believing that his friend was alive and in captivity, although he was probably never certain of this as he was himself killed in combat with a P-40 on 11 January. The same day, Ofw. Albert Espenlaub wrote his parents a one-page letter from Cage No. 14, Prisoner of War Camp No. 321, which induded the following lines:
'Dear Parents!
By now, the reason for my long silence will be clear to you. On 13 December I had to make a belly-landing and I am now a prisoner of the English. My health is pretty good and I hope that this is also the case with you. Unfortunately, I wasn't able to be home for Christmas as I had hoped and I must say how sorry I was about this.'

In due course, the Espenlaub family received another letter, this time from the German Red Cross, which read:
'[. ..] Via the Spanish consul in Jerusalem and the Spanish Foreign Ministry, which contacted the German Embassy in Madrid, we have learned that a representative of the British armed forces has advised the Spanish authorities that in the early morning of 25 February 1942, Oberfeldwebel Albert Espenlaub was shot by guards while attempting to escape from a PoW camp. One shot was fired which killed him instantly. [. . .]'

Also in the PoW camp at that time was Otto Berchner, one of Albert Espenlaub's contemporaries who had flown with 7./ZG26 and who knew Espenlaub. Berchner was later transferred to Canada in August 1942 and, many years after the war, he visited cemetery near the camp and discovered Espenlaub's grave recalled:
 
'In early 1942, there were about 25-30 officers an equivalent number of other ranks in the camp situated about 12 km from Jerusalem. Most of the Pow's were members of the Afrika Korps but there were also, like me, members of the Luftwaffe who had been shot down and captured. The morale among us prisoners varied greatly. There were those who realised that the Allies outnumbered the Afrika Korps and no longer believed in a German victory. On the other hand, there were several others who still wanted to fight again, and it was not unusual to hear men discussing the possibility of escaping and reaching our lines. Personally, I never heard Espenlaub speak about his plans, but during the night of 24-25 February, while we were asleep he slipped out of our barracks and succeeded in getting over the first barbed-wire but, as he was attempting to get over the second one, he was discovered by a guard who opened fire. We were awoken by the sound of the shot and saw the tragic scene. Later; we were told that the guard responsible - a jew - had been court-martialled. Espenlaub was not the only German shot in this camp and I can recall at least two others.'

As a final postscript, it should be mentioned that although Espenlaub was probably not aware of it, in Germany a young woman was expecting his child. Whether knowledge of this would have deterred him from risking his life in his escape attempt or made him even more determined to return is not known, but in due course the woman gave birth to a son, whom she named Albert, after his father. He lives today, in Australia.

Asisbiz Database of 14 aerial victories for Albert Espenlaub

Date Pilot Name Unit EA Type Height Time Location
21-Apr-41 Albert Espenlaub 1./JG27     Tobruk
02-Aug-41 Albert Espenlaub 1./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   18.57 40km NW Marsa Matruh
21-Aug-41 Albert Espenlaub 1./JG27 Martin 167   18.07 Sidi Barrani
15-Nov-41 Albert Espenlaub 1./JG27   09.30 North Africa
18-Nov-41 Albert Espenlaub 1./JG27 Martin 167     East of Bir Hacheim
20-Nov-41 Albert Espenlaub 1./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   12.20 South of Bir-el-Gobi
22-Nov-41 Albert Espenlaub 1./JG27 Blenheim IV   14.06 NW Bir-el-Gobi
23-Nov-41 Albert Espenlaub 1./JG27 A-20 Boston     SE El Adem
23-Nov-41 Albert Espenlaub 1./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   08.45 Bir-el-Gobi
23-Nov-41 Albert Espenlaub 1./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   08.40 S Bir-el-Gobi
24-Nov-41 Albert Espenlaub 1./JG27 A-20 Boston   09.35 South of Ain-el-Gazala
25-Nov-41 Albert Espenlaub 1./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   16.05 SE Tobruk
07-Dec-41 Albert Espenlaub 1./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   11.55 SE El Adem
11-Dec-41 Albert Espenlaub 1./JG27 Blenheim IV   11.45 Bomba Bucht

Luftwaffe Badge

Wolfgang Redlich

Asisbiz Database of 37 aerial victories for Wolfgang Redlich

Date Pilot Name Unit Enemy A/C Type Height Time Location
11-May-40 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27 Fairey Battle   07.40 Tongeren
16-May-40 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27     Charleroi
29-May-40 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27     Dunkirk
02-Jun-40 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27     West of Dunkirk
05-Jun-40 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27 Morane 406   18.20 Foret de Compiegne
13-Jun-40 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27 Fairey Battle   16.30 Provins
13-Jun-40 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27 Fairey Battle   20.05 Montmirail
07-Sep-40 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27   18.55 SE London
09-Sep-40 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27   18.35 South of London
27-Sep-40 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27   10.15 Sevenoaks
19-Apr-41 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27 Hurricane I   13.50 SE Tobruk
19-Apr-41 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27 Hurricane I   14.00 West of Tobruk
23-Apr-41 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27   12.55 N Tobruk
23-Apr-41 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27   12.50 NE Tobruk
30-Apr-41 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27   06.15 Tobruk
16-May-41 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27   16.55 Tobruk
09-Jun-41 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27   05.00 N Tobruk
14-Jun-41 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27   18.45 SE Halfaya-Pass
15-Jun-41 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27   11.40 Sollum
15-Jun-41 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27   17.35 S Fort Capuzzo
18-Jun-41 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27 Buffalo   06.00 E Sollum
21-Aug-41 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27 Martin 167   17.55 West of Sidi Barrani
14-Sep-41 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   18.15 SSE Sidi Azeiz
27-Sep-41 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   16.50 SW Sidi Barrani
18-Nov-41 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27 Martin 167   09.30  
20-Nov-41 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   12.15 Bir-el-Gobi
22-Nov-41 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   10.40 East of Bir-el-Gobi
22-Nov-41 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27 Blenheim IV   14.00 SE Ain-el-Gazala
22-Nov-41 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27 Blenheim IV   14.15 NE Bir Hacheim
22-Nov-41 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   16.45 SE Bir Hacheim 50 Staffelabschuss
23-Nov-41 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27   08.35 SE El Adem
23-Nov-41 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27   16.35 S Bir-el-Gobi
23-Nov-41 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27     SE El Adem
26-Nov-41 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   16.15 West of Bu Amud
01-Dec-41 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27   12.55 Bir-el-Gobi
05-Dec-41 Wolfgang Redlich 1./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   12.05 S Bir-el-Gobi
29-May-44 Wolfgang Redlich Stab I./JG27 B-24 Liberator 7000m 10.30 N Sankt-Polten

Knights Cross

Friedrich Körner

Friedrich Körner was born on 24 January 1921 at Schwerte in Ruhrgebiet. Körner enlisted in the Luftwaffe on 15 November 1939 and on completion of fighter pilot training was assigned to 2./JG 27 based in North Africa. He duly arrived on 4 July 1941. His first victory was achieved on 12 October 1941, when he shot down a RAF Tomahawk fighter over Sheferzen. On 19 March 1942, Körner shot down a RAF P-40 fighter over the sea east of Tobruk for his 10th victory and JG 27's 1000th aerial victory. Körner enjoyed his best day of aerial combat over Marsa Martruh where, on 26 June 1942, he shot down three SAAF P-40 fighters and two RAF Spitfire fighters. Körner shot down 20 aircraft during June 1942. He was the 7th highest scoring German ace in North Africa. Körner was able to achieve multiple kills no less than 7 times while deployed in the North African desert.

On 4 July 1942, exactly one year to the day after his arrival in the desert, Körner scrambled in Bf 109 F-4trop (W.Nr. 8696) “Red 9” on a mission to intercept a formation of enemy bombers. Before he could reach the bombers he was intercepted by a flight of South African Hurricane IIC fighters. At 1330, Körner was forced to take to his parachute and was promptly captured by enemy ground forces to remain a prisoner of war in Canada until 1947.

His victor was South African ace Lieutenant Lawrence Waugh (6 confirmed, 2 probable and 4 damaged victories) of 1 SAAF Squadron. While interned in Canada, Körner was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 6 September 1942 for his achievements in the desert. Following his release from captivity, Körner fulfilled many important roles in the post-war Bundesluftwaffe. Körner retired from military service on 30 June 1979. At the time of his retirement, Körner held the rank of Generalmajor. Körner lived in Paris with his wife in retirement. He passed away on 3 September 1998.

Friedrich Körner was credited with 36 victories in approximately 250 missions. All his victories were recorded over North Africa.

List of aerial victories for Friedrich Körner

No Date Time A/c Type Unit Location Comments
1 12.10.1941 9:34 P-40 2./JG 27 SE Sollum Tomahawk of 112 Sqn RAF
2 20.10.1941 9:45 2./JG 27 100km N Marsa Luccech Blenheim of 55 Sqn, RAF
3 10.12.1941 14:03 Boston 2./JG 27 15km E Bir Hacheim Boston of 24 Sqn, SAAF
4 28.12.1941 8:55 2./JG 27 NE El Hasseiat  
5 11.1.1942 12:50 P-40 2./JG 27 N Marsa-el-Brega Kittyhawk of 3 Sqn, RAAF
6 13.1.1942 14:35 P-40 2./JG 27 Antelat Kittyhawk of 3 Sqn, RAAF flown by F/O Shaeffer
7 7.2.1942 14:27 2./JG 27 NE Derna  
8 8.2.1942 14:27 P-40 2./JG 27 Bomba Bay Kittyhawk of 112 Sqn, RAF
9 9.3.1942 16:50 Albacore 2./JG 27 SW Sidi Barrani Albacore of 826 Sqn, RN
10 19.3.1942 10:35 P-40 2./JG 27 N Gambut Kittyhawk of 80 Sqn, RAF JG27’s 1,000th victory
11 20.3.1942 8:08 P-40 2./JG 27 S Martuba Kittyhawk of 260 Sqn, RAF flown by Sgt Tregear
12 20.3.1942 8:08 P-40 2./JG 27 S Ain-el-Gazala Kittyhawk of 260 Sqn, RAF
13 21.3.1942 8:55 Boston 2./JG 27 SE Bir Hacheim Boston of 24 Sqn, SAAF
14 2.4.1942 14:28 2./JG 27 N Gambut Hurricane of 238 Sqn, RAF
15 27.5.1942 15:30 P-40 2./JG 27 S Gambut Kittyhawk of 3 Sqn, RAAF flown by Sgt Thomas
16 29.5.1942 7:52 P-40 2./JG 27 W Tobruk Kittyhawk of 250 Sqn, RAF
17 13.6.1942 6:40 P-40 2./JG 27 S Fort Acroma Hurricane of 213 Sqn, RAF
18 13.6.1942 6:50 2./JG 27 N Wadi Es Sahaae Hurricane of 213 Sqn, RAF
19 13.6.1942 6:53 P-40 2./JG 27 Tobruk  
20 14.6.1942 11:05 P-40 2./JG 27 N Gambut Tomahawk of 5 Sqn, SAAF
21 14.6.1942 11:10 P-40 2./JG 27 N Gambut Tomahawk of 5 Sqn, SAAF
22 14.6.1942 17:05 2./JG 27 NNE Derna Beaufighter of 272 Sqn, RAF
23 16.6.1942 15:20 P-40 2./JG 27 E El Adem  
24 16.6.1942 18:50 P-40 2./JG 27 SW Gambut Kittyhawk of 250 Sqn, RAF flown by P/O Cable
25 17.6.1942 8:50 P-40 2./JG 27 E Sidi Rezegh Kittyhawk of 450 Sqn, RAF
26 26.6.1942 11:48 P-40 2./JG 27 W Marsa Matruh  
27 26.6.1942 12:18 P-40 2./JG 27 W Marsa Matruh  
28 26.6.1942 18:42 P-40 2./JG 27 S Marsa Matruh  
29 26.6.1942 18:46 2./JG 27 Marsa Matruh Spitfire V of 145 Sqn RAF
30 26.6.1942 19:05 2./JG 27 SE Marsa Matruh Spitfire V of 145 Sqn RAF
31 1.7.1942 19:01 P-40 2./JG 27 W Burg-el-Arab  
32 1.7.1942 19:03 P-40 2./JG 27 W Burg-el-Arab  
33 1.7.1942 19:11 P-40 2./JG 27 W Burg-el-Arab  
34 2.7.1942 18:15 P-40 2./JG 27 El Alamein Kittyhawk of 2 Sqn, SAAF
35 2.7.1942 18:20 P-40 2./JG 27 Burg-el-Arab Kittyhawk of 2 Sqn, SAAF
36 3.7.1942 15:11 2./JG 27 SE El Alamein Hurricane of 213 Sqn, RAF

Victories : 36
Awards : Ehrenpokal (10 August 1942); Deutsches Kreuz in Gold (21 August 1942); Ritterkreuz (6 September 1943)
Units : JG 27

Web Reference: http://www.luftwaffe.cz/korner.html

Asisbiz List of 36 aerial victories for Friedrich Körner

Date Pilot Name Unit Enemy A/C Type Height Time Location
12-Oct-41 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk 6500m 09.54 SE Sollum
20-Oct-41 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 Blenheim IV   09.45 100km N Marsa Luccech
10-Dec-41 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 A-20 Boston III   14.03 15km E Bir Hacheim
28-Dec-41 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 Hurricane I 100-150m 08.55 NE El Hasseiat
11-Jan-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk Low Level 12.50 N Marsa-el-Brega
13-Jan-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   14.35 Antelat
07-Feb-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 Low Level (Rhodes) 14.27 NE Derna
08-Feb-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk 8000m 14.27 Bomba-Bucht
11-Feb-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   12.50  
20-Feb-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   08.03 S Martuba
20-Feb-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   08.08 S Ain-el-Gazala
09-Mar-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 Albacore   16.50 SW Sidi Barrani
19-Mar-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk 2000m 10.35 N Gambut
20-Mar-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk 500m 08.08 S. Ain-el-Gazala
20-Mar-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk 5200m 08.03 S. Martuba
21-Mar-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 A-20 Boston III 7500m 08.55 SE Bir Hacheim
02-Apr-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 5000m 14.28 North of Gambut
27-May-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk Low Level 15.30 South of Gambut
29-May-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   07.52 West of Tobruk
13-Jun-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   06.53 Tobruk
13-Jun-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk 1000-600m 06.40 S Fort Acroma
13-Jun-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 7300m 06.50 North of Wadi-Es-Sahaae
14-Jun-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk 2900m 11.10 N Gambut
14-Jun-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 7000m 17.05 NNE Derna
14-Jun-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk 5000m 11.05 N Gambut
16-Jun-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk 5500m 15.20 East of El Adem
16-Jun-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   18.50 SW Gambut
17-Jun-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   08.50 East of Sidi Rezegh
26-Jun-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk 7200m 18.42 S Marsa Matruh
26-Jun-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 6500m 18.46 Marsa Matruh
26-Jun-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk 1000m 12.18 West of Marsa Matruh
26-Jun-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk 6000m 11.48 West of Marsa Matruh
26-Jun-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 Spitfire V 5500m 19.05 SE Marsa Matruh
01-Jul-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk 7500m 19.01 West of Burg-el-Arab
01-Jul-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk 5000m 19.03 West of Burg-el-Arab
01-Jul-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk 4000m 19.11 West of Burg-el-Arab
02-Jul-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk 8000m 18.15 El-Alamein
02-Jul-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   18.20 Burg-el-Arab
03-Jul-42 Friedrich Korner 2./JG27   15.11 SE El-Alamein

Knights Cross

Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt

Hans-Arnold "Fiffi" Stahlschmidt was born on 15 September 1920 at Kreuztal in the Siegen region of Westfalen. He began his military career at Salzwedel where he completed his basic flying training. He attended the pilots' school in Breslau and the war school in Vienna-Schwechat. On completion of his training he was posted to JG 27. Oberfähnrich Stahlschmidt was assigned to 2./JG 27. In the spring of 1941, JG 27 was transferred to Africa. He claimed his first victory, a RAF Hurricane over Tobruk, on 15 June. On 20 November, Stahlschmidt claimed three SAAF Maryland bombers shot down to record his 2nd through 4th victories. On 21 February, he was shot down, making a crash-landing in no-man's land, following aerial combat with theofHe was rescued by a German reconnaisance patrol.

On 27 February 1942, he was shot down while attacking a column of enemy vehicles. He force-landed his damaged Bf 109 F-4/Trop (W.Nr. 8497) when his engine cut, ramming a truck. He was captured by Polish troops who beat him with rifle butts and kicked him. His decorations were removed and he was made to run the gauntlet of the column. He was interrogated before being sent to another camp. He managed to escape the following night and hiked the 60km back to his own lines in 16 hours. He was awarded the Deutsches Kreuz on 20 April 1942.

On 7 May, Stahlschmidt attacked a formation of RAF fighters. He had reached an advantageous position behind a Kittyhawk when one of his guns exploded forcing his disengagement from the combat. He crash-landed his aircraft in Axis territory near Tmimi where his aircraft burned out. Stahlschmidt claimed four victories on 26 June to record his 14th through 17th victories. On 1 July 1942, Stahlschmidt was appointed Staffelkapitän of 2./JG 27. He gained 26 victories in July 1942, including four victories on 4 July (23-26), and three on 10 July (31-33), 22 July (38-40) and 27 July (41-43). Leutnant Stahlschmidt was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 20 August 1942 for 48(47?) victories. On 3 September, he recorded five victories to take his tally from 52 to 56.

On 7 September 1942, Stahlschmidt was part of a Schwarm that had taken off on a freie Jagd. Southeast of El Alamein they came under attack by RAF Spitfires. Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt failed to return in his Bf 109 F-4 (W.Nr. 8704) "Red 4". It is possible he was the victim of the American ace John Curry (7.333 confirmed, 2 probable and 3 damaged victories) flying with 601 Sqn, RAF. Stahlschmidt was awarded the Eichenlaub (Nr. 365) and promoted to the rank of Oberleutnant posthumously on 3 January 1944.

Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt shot down 59 enemy aircraft in over 400 combat missions. All his victories were recorded in the North African theatre.

No Date Time A/c Type Unit location Comments
1. 15.6.1941 11:40 2./JG 27 Sollum Hurricane of 73 Sqn, RAF
2. 20.11.1941 12:20 Martin 167 2./JG 27 SE Tobruk Maryland of 21 Sqn SAAF
3. 20.11.1941 12:25 Martin 167 2./JG 27 SE Tobruk Maryland of 21 Sqn SAAF
4. 20.11.1941 12:30 Martin 167 2./JG 27 SE Tobruk Maryland of 21 Sqn SAAF
5. 27.11.1941 16:20 2./JG 27 S El Adem  
6. 14.12.1941 11:20 Curtiss P-40 2./JG 27 S Tmimi   
7. 11.1.1942 12:48 Curtiss P-40 2./JG 27 NE Agedabia Kittyhawk of 3 Sqn, RAAF
8. 22.1.1942 12:50 Curtiss P-40 2./JG 27 E Gtafia Kittyhawk of 3 Sqn, RAAF
9. 22.5.1942 7:50 Curtiss P-40 2./JG 27 SW Tmimi Kittyhawk of 112 or 250 sqn, RAF
10. 29.5.1942 7:49 Curtiss P-40 2./JG 27 N Fort Acroma Kittyhawk of 450 Sqn, RAF
11. 13.6.1942 6:52 2./JG 27 Tobruk Hurricane of 213 Sqn, RAF
12. 14.6.1942 11:08 Curtiss P-40 2./JG 27 NNW Gambut Tomahawk of 5 Sqn, SAAF
13. 16.6.1942 15:25 Curtiss P-40 2./JG 27 SW Gambut  
14. 26.6.1942 12:20 2./JG 27 SW Marsa Matruh  
15. 26.6.1942 12:27 2./JG 27 15km SW Marsa Matruh  
16. 26.6.1942 12:30 Curtiss P-40 2./JG 27 W Marsa Matruh  
17. 26.6.1942 19:06 Curtiss P-40 2./JG 27 SSW Marsa Matruh  
18. 27.6.1942 13:05 Curtiss P-40 2./JG 27 10km SE Fuka  
19. 2.7.1942 6:25 2./JG 27 N Fuka Beaufighter of 252 Sqn, RAF
20. 2.7.1942 18:23 Curtiss P-40 2./JG 27 Burg el Arab Kittyhawk of 2 Sqn, SAAF
21. 3.7.1942 15:09 2./JG 27 SE El Alamein Hurricane of 213 Sqn, RAF
22. 3.7.1942 15:15 2./JG 27 E El Alamein  
23. 4.7.1942 6:30 Curtiss P-40 2./JG 27 El Alamein  
24. 4.7.1942 6:32 Curtiss P-40 2./JG 27 SE El Alamein  
25. 4.7.1942 8:25 2./JG 27 El Alamein Hurricane of 213 Sqn, RAF
26. 4.7.1942 17:05 2./JG 27 SW Burg-el-Arab Hurricane of 1 Sqn, SAAF
27. 7.7.1942 6:02 Gladiator 2./JG 27 10km NE El Daba Albacore of 826 Sqn, RN or Italian CR 42 in error
28. 8.7.1942 10:32 2./JG 27 SE El Alamein Hurricane IIC of 33 Sqn, RAF
29. 8.7.1942 10:35 2./JG 27 S Burg-el-Arab  Hurricane IIC of 33 Sqn, RAF
30. 8.7.1942 10:40 2./JG 27 SE Burg-el-Arab  Hurricane IIC of 33 Sqn, RAF
31. 10.7.1942 13:25 2./JG 27 N El Alamein  Hurricane of 80, 92 or 127 Sqn, RAF
32. 10.7.1942 13:33 Curtiss P-40 2./JG 27 W El Alamein  Hurricane of 80, 92 or 127 Sqn, RAF
33. 10.7.1942 13:35 Curtiss P-40 2./JG 27 E El Alamein  Hurricane of 80, 92 or 127 Sqn, RAF
34. 11.7.1942 16:10 Curtiss P-40 2./JG 27 SW El Alamein Tomahawk or Kittyhawk of 2 or 5 Sqn, SAAF
35. 14.7.1942 18:29 2./JG 27 El Alamein  
36. 16.7.1942 10:15 2./JG 27 SE El Alamein  
37. 17.7.1942 13:25 2./JG 27 SW El Alamein Hurricane of 92 or 238 Sqn, RAF
38. 22.7.1942 8:25 Curtiss P-40 2./JG 27 W El Alamein Kittyhawk of 112 Sqn, RAF flown by P/O Barrow, killed
39. 22.7.1942 8:40 Curtiss P-40 2./JG 27 SW El Alamein Kittyhawk of 4 Sqn, SAAF
40. 22.7.1942 12:00 2./JG 27 S El Alamein Hurricane of 73 Sqn, RAF
41. 27.7.1942 12:26 2./JG 27 S El Hammam Hurricane of 33 or 213 Sqn, RAF
42. 27.7.1942 17:30 2./JG 27 SW El Alamein Hurricane of 1 Sqn, SAAF
43. 27.7.1942 17:42 Curtiss P-40 2./JG 27 W El Alamein  Kittyhawk of 3 Sqn, RAAF or 450 Sqn, RAF
44. 1.8.1942 16:40 2./JG 27 W El Alamein Hurricane of 80 Sqn, RAF
45. 1.8.1942 16:45 2./JG 27 WEl Alamein Hurricane of 80 Sqn, RAF
46. 16.8.1942 8:15 Curtiss P-40 2./JG 27 NW El Hammam Tomahawk of 5 Sqn, SAAF flown by Lt Trenchard, POW
47. 16.8.1942 8:25 Curtiss P-40 2./JG 27 WSW El Alamein Tomahawk of 5 Sqn, SAAF
48. 23.8.1942 8:03 Curtiss P-40 2./JG 27 S El Hammam Kittyhawk of 3 Sqn, RAAF or 450 Sqn, RAF
49. 1.9.1942 17:48 2./JG 27 SE El Alamein Hurricane of 213 Sqn, RAF
50. 1.9.1942 17:50 2./JG 27 SE El Alamein  
51. 2.9.1942 16:12 P-46 2./JG 27 SW El Hammam Hurricane of 274 Sqn, RAF
52. 3.9.1942 7:22 Curtiss P-40 2./JG 27 SW El Hammam  
53. 3.9.1942 7:24 2./JG 27 SW El Hammam  
54. 3.9.1942 7:29 Curtiss P-40 2./JG 27 SW El Hammam  
55. 3.9.1942 15:12 2./JG 27 SW Imayid Hurricane of 7 Sqn, SAAF
56. 3.9.1942 15:26 Curtiss P-40 2./JG 27 S Imayid  
57. 5.9.1942 10:49 2./JG 27 SW Ilmayid  
58. 5.9.1942 10:52 P-46 2./JG 27 SE Ilmayid  
59. 6.9.1942 17:25 Curtiss P-40 2./JG 27 SE El Hammam  

Victories : 59
Awards : Knight`s Cross with Oak Leaves
Units : JG 27

Web Reference: http://www.luftwaffe.cz/stahlschmidt.html

Asisbiz database list of 61 aerial victories for Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt

Date Pilot Name Unit Enemy A/C Type Height Time Location
Sunday, June 15, 1941 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27   11:40 Sollum
Thursday, November 20, 1941 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt Stab I./JG27 Martin 167   12:20 SE Tobruk
Thursday, November 20, 1941 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt Stab I./JG27 Martin 167   12:25 SE Tobruk
Thursday, November 20, 1941 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt Stab I./JG27 Martin 167   12:30 SE Tobruk
Thursday, November 27, 1941 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt Stab I./JG27   16:20 S El Adem
Sunday, December 14, 1941 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt Stab I./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   11:20 South of Tmimi
Sunday, January 11, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt Stab I./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   12:48 NE Agedabia
Thursday, January 22, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt Stab I./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   12:50 East of Gtafia
Wednesday, February 11, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt Stab I./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   12:48  
Friday, May 22, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk 1800m 07:50 SW Tmimi
Friday, May 29, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   07:49 North of Fort Acroma
Saturday, June 13, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27 4000m 06:52 Tobruk
Sunday, June 14, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   11:08 NNW Gambut
Tuesday, June 16, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   15:25 SW Gambut
Friday, June 26, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   12:20 SW Marsa Matruh
Friday, June 26, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27   12:30 West of Mersa Matruh
Friday, June 26, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   19:06 SSW Marsa Matruh
Friday, June 26, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27   12:27 15km SW Marsa Matruh
Saturday, June 27, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27   13:05 10km SE Fuka
Thursday, July 02, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27   06:25 North of Fuka
Thursday, July 02, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   18:23 Burg-el-Arab
Friday, July 03, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27   15:15 E El-Alamein
Friday, July 03, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27   15:09 SE El-Alamein
Saturday, July 04, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   06:30 E El-Alamein
Saturday, July 04, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   06:32 SE El-Alamein
Saturday, July 04, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27   08:25 El-Alamein
Saturday, July 04, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27   17:05 SW Burg-el-Arab
Tuesday, July 07, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27 Gladiator   06:02 10km NE El Daba
Wednesday, July 08, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27   10:35 South of Burg-el-Arab
Wednesday, July 08, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27   10:40 SE Burg-el-Arab
Wednesday, July 08, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27   10:32 SE El-Alamein
Friday, July 10, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27   13:25 N El-Alamein
Friday, July 10, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   13:33 West of El-Alamein
Friday, July 10, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   13:35 E El-Alamein
Saturday, July 11, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   16:10 SW El-Alamein
Tuesday, July 14, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27 1800m 18:29 El-Alamein
Wednesday, July 15, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27   - 17km W. El Hammam
Thursday, July 16, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27   10:15 SE El-Alamein
Friday, July 17, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27   13:25 SW El-Alamein
Wednesday, July 22, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   08:40 SW El-Alamein
Wednesday, July 22, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27   12:00 S El-Alamein
Wednesday, July 22, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   08:25 West of El-Alamein
Monday, July 27, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27 9000m 17:30 SW El-Alamein
Monday, July 27, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27   12:26 S El-Hammam
Monday, July 27, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   17:42 W. El-Alamein
Saturday, August 01, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27 2500m 16:45 West of El-Alamein
Saturday, August 01, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27 1500m 16:40 West of El-Alamein
Sunday, August 16, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   08:25 WSW El-Alamein
Sunday, August 16, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   08:15 NW El-Hammam
Sunday, August 23, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   08:03 South of El-Hammam
Tuesday, September 01, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27   17:50 SE EL-Alamein
Tuesday, September 01, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27   17:48 SE El-Alamein
Wednesday, September 02, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   16:12 SW El-Hammam
Thursday, September 03, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   15:26 South of El-Imayid
Thursday, September 03, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27   15:12 SW El-Imayid
Thursday, September 03, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   07:29 SW El-Hammam
Thursday, September 03, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27   07:24 SW El-Hammam
Thursday, September 03, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   07:22 SW El-Hammam
Saturday, September 05, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27 Curtiss P-46   10:52 SE El-Imayid
Saturday, September 05, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27   10:49 SW El-Imayid
Sunday, September 06, 1942 Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   17:25 SE El-Hammam

Knights Cross

Gerhard Homuth

On 6 October 1939, Homuth was appointed Adjutant of I./JG27. He was appointed Staffelkapitän of 3./JG27 on 1 February 1940. He gained his first victory on 11 May, when he shot down a RAF Blenheim twin-engine bomber over Diest-Schaffen. By the end of the French campaign, Homuth had nine victories to his credit. He was add a further six victories during the Battle of Britain. In spring 1941, I./JG27 was relocated to North Africa. Homuth was to be particularly successful in this theatre. Oberleutnant Homuth was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 14 June for 22 victories.

On 9 January 1942, Homuth shot down two RAF P-40 fighters, one near Marsa el Brega and another near Gadd el Ahmar for his 38th and 39th victories. It would appear the first of his two victories this day was the Australian ace, Sgt Ron Simes (5 destroyed, 1 probable and 1 damaged victories) of 3Sqn, RAAF, who was killed in the engagement. He recorded his 40th victory on 9 February, when he shot down a RAF Hurricane near El Adem. Homuth was appointed Gruppenkommandeur of I./JG27 on 8 June 1942. He recorded three victories on 27 July (50-52), all RAF Hurricane fighters near El Hammam, and his 60th on 27 October, when he shot down a RAF Spitfire fighter near Bir Mumim Busak. With the withdrawal of I./JG27 from North Africa, Homuth fell ill. In February 1943, he was assigned to the Luftwaffe delegation based at Sofia in Bulgaria as an instructor training Bulgarian fighter pilots.

Homuth returned to front line duty on 29 July 1943 as Gruppenkommandeur of I./JG54 based on the Eastern front He took off on a combat mission together with his wingman Oblt. Otto Vinzent in the vicinity of Kursk on August 2(other sources 3rd), 1943. About 20 km to the south of Kromy, Flying Fw-190A-6 (W.Nr. 550436) '<<+' Homuth and Vinzent were engaged by a composite formation of Airacobras, P-40s and La-5s. Following a 20-minute dogfight, Oblt. Vinzent lost sight of Homuth, and returned to base alone. Homuth was listed as missing and still is to this day.

Gerhard Homuth was credited with 63 victories in approximately 450 missions. He recorded two victories over the Eastern front.

List of 63 aerial victories for Gerhard Homuth

No Date Time A/c Type Unit Location Comments
1 11.5.1940 17:30 3./JG27 Diest-Schaffen -
2 12.5.1940 6:20 3./JG27 Luttich -
3 19.5.1940 16:30 3./JG27 N Albert Hurricane (N2598) of 145 Sqn, RAF flown by P/O KR Lucas, killed
4 25.5.1940 12:30 3./JG27 W Calais -
5 2.6.1940 9:20 3./JG27 5km SW Dunkirk -
6 2.6.1940 9:25 3./JG27 SW Dunkirk -
7 5.6.1940 18:15 Morane 3./JG27 Beauvais -
8 5.6.1940 18:20 Morane 3./JG27 3km SE Froissy -
9 13.6.1940 20:15 Bloch 131 3./JG27 Lechelle -
10 20.7.1940 14:25 3./JG27 W Swanage -
11 20.7.1940 14:28 3./JG27 W Swanage -
12 12.8.1940 12:50 3./JG27 Bembridge -
13 3.9.1940 11:35 3./JG27 Burnham -
14 11.9.1940 18:10 3./JG27 5km SW Selsey Bill -
15 30.9.1940 18:10 3./JG27 S Eastbourne -
16 1.5.1941 9:15 3./JG27 20km S Tobruk Hurricane of 274 Sqn, RAF
17 1.5.1941 9:20 3./JG27 Tobruk Hurricane of 274 Sqn, RAF
18 5.5.1941 8:32 Martin 167 3./JG27 10km ESE Acroma Maryland of 39 Sqn, RAF
19 8.5.1941 10:10 3./JG27 100km ENE Tobruk Maryland of 39 Sqn, RAF
20 15.5.1941 12:15 3./JG27 Sollum Hurricane (V7829) of 274 Sqn, RAF flown by Sgt FH Dean
21 21.5.1941 7:57 3./JG27 SE Capuzzo Blenheim IV of 14 Sqn, RAF
22 21.5.1941 7:58 3./JG27 SE Capuzzo Blenheim IV of 14 Sqn, RAF
23 30.8.1941 17:30 3./JG27 Sollum -
24 14.9.1941 17:45 Martin 167 3./JG27 S El Sofafi Maryland of 24 Sqn, SAAF
25 14.9.1941 17:48 3./JG27 S El Sofafi Hurricane of 33 Sqn, RAF
26 24.9.1941 14:40 P-40 3./JG27 Sidi Omar Tomahawk of 112 Sqn, RAF
27 24.9.1941 16:47 3./JG27 Buq Buq Hurricane of 1 Sqn, SAAF or RNFU
28 27.9.1941 10:10 3./JG27 5km SE Ras Azaz Tomahawk of 112 Sqn, RAF
29 5.12.1941 15:35 3./JG27 - Hurricane of 274 Sqn, RAF
30 9.12.1941 14:15 P-40 3./JG27 S Gambut Tomahawk IIb of 3 Sqn, RAAF
31 13.12.1941 16:15 P-40 3./JG27 SW Tmimi Tomahawk of 1 Sqn, SAAF
32 23.12.1941 14:00 3./JG27 SE Arco Philaenorum Beaufighter of 272 Sqn, RAF flown by F/O Baker
33 23.12.1941 14:00 3./JG27 SE Arco Philaenorum Beaufighter of 272 Sqn, RAF flown by F/O Lee
34 3.1.1942 8:20 P-40 3./JG27 NE Agedabia Hurricane of 208 Sqn, RAF flown by 2/Lt JS Iddeson
35 7.1.1942 12:15 P-40 3./JG27 NE Agedabia Tomahawk of 2 or 4 Sqn, SAAF
36 7.1.1942 12:20 P-40 3./JG27 30km NE Agedabia Tomahawk of 2 or 4 Sqn, SAAF
37 9.1.1942 14:15 P-40 3./JG27 Marsa el Brega Kittyhawk I (AK610) of 3 Sqn, RAAF flown by Sgt RH Simes (5/1/1 victories), killed
38 9.1.1942 14:20 P-40 3./JG27 10km N Gadd el Ahmar Kittyhawk I (AK581) of 3 Sqn, RAAF flown by G Chinchen
39 8.2.1942 14:32 P-40 3./JG27 E Bomba Bucht Kittyhawk of 112 Sqn, RAF
40 9.2.1942 10:51 3./JG27 S El Adem Hurricane of 73 Sqn, RAF
41 21.2.1942 12:11 P-40 3./JG27 20km SE Ain el Gazala Kittyhawk of 112 Sqn, RAF
42 27.2.1942 12:10 P-40 3./JG27 NE Fort Acroma Kittyhawk of 450 Sqn, RAF flown by Sgt EJ Gray, killed
43 2.3.1942 10:51 P-40 3./JG27 W Tobruk Hurricane of 274 Sqn, RAF
44 2.3.1942 10:52 P-40 3./JG27 SE Fort Acroma Hurricane of 274 Sqn, RAF
45 2.4.1942 18:07 P-40 3./JG27 30km N Fort Acroma Hurricane of 80 Sqn, RAF
46 6.4.1942 9:10 3./JG27 NW Tmimi Hurricane of 40 Sqn, SAAF flown by Lt Egner, baled out
47 7.4.1942 8:37 P-46 3./JG27 SW Ain el Gazala Tomahawk of 260 Sqn, RAF flown by Sgt Alexander, killed
48 23.5.1942 11:18 Boston 3./JG27 N Acroma Baltimore of 223 Sqn, RAF
49 25.7.1942 17:45 Stab I./JG27 W El Daba -
50 27.7.1942 12:25 Stab I./JG27 SE El Hammam Hurricane of 33 or 213 Sqn, RAF
51 27.7.1942 12:27 Stab I./JG27 SE El Hammam Hurricane of 33 or 213 Sqn, RAF
52 27.7.1942 12:28 Stab I./JG27 5km S El Hammam Hurricane of 33 or 213 Sqn, RAF
53 7.8.1942 9:35 Stab I./JG27 NNW El Alamein Hurricane of 274 Sqn, RAF
54 7.8.1942 9:37 P-40 Stab I./JG27 Near Ras Gibeira Hurricane of 274 Sqn, RAF
55 18.8.1942 9:38 P-40 Stab I./JG27 W El Alamein Kittyhawk of 260 Sqn, RAF flown by P/O Maclean
56 29.8.1942 8:45 P-40 Stab I./JG27 15km SE Abu Dweis Kittyhawk of 450 Sqn, RAF
57 2.9.1942 16:10 P-46 Stab I./JG27 SW El Hammam Hurricane of 274 Sqn, RAF
58 7.9.1942 17:42 P-40 Stab I./JG27 SE El Alamein -
59 15.9.1942 16:54 P-40 Stab I./JG27 SW El Alamein -
60 27.10.1942 15:15 Stab I./JG27 Bir Mumim Busak -
61 2.11.1942 12:06 P-46 Stab I./JG27 SE Mumin Busak Hurricane of 33 or 238 Sqn, RAF
62 VIII.43 - E/a Stab I./JG54 - -
63 2.8.1943 - Airacobra Stab I./JG54 S Kromy -

Victories : 63
Awards : Deutsches Kreuz in Gold (9 April 1942)
Ritterkreuz (14 June 1941)
Units : LG 2, JG27, JG54

Website Reference: http://www.luftwaffe.cz/homuth.htm

Asisbiz Database of 63 aerial victories for Gerhard Homuth

Date Pilot Name Unit Enemy A/C Type Height Time Location
11-May-40 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27   17.30 Diest-Schaffen
12-May-40 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27   06.20 Luttich
19-May-40 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27   16.30 North of Albert
25-May-40 Gerhard Homuth 2./JG27   12.30 West of Calais
02-Jun-40 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27 4500m 09.20 SW Dunkirk
02-Jun-40 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27   09.20 5km SW Dunkirk
02-Jun-40 Gerhard Homuth 2./JG27   09.25 Western Front
05-Jun-40 Gerhard Homuth 2./JG27 Morane 406   18.15 Beauvais
05-Jun-40 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27 Morane 406 500m 18.20 3km SE Froissy
05-Jun-40 Gerhard Homuth 2./JG27 Morane   18.20 5km SE Froissy
13-Jun-40 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27 Bloch 131   20.15 Lechelle
20-Jul-40 Gerhard Homuth 2./JG27   14.25 West of Swanage
20-Jul-40 Gerhard Homuth 2./JG27   14.28 West of Swanage
12-Aug-40 Gerhard Homuth 2./JG27   12.50 Bembridge
03-Sep-40 Gerhard Homuth 2./JG27   11.35 Burnham-on-Sea
11-Sep-40 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27 6000m 18.10 5km sudw Selsey Bill
30-Sep-40 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27   18.10 South of Eastbourne
01-May-41 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27 Hurricane I   09.15 20km S Tobruk
01-May-41 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27 Hurricane I   09.20 Flugplatz Tobruk
05-May-41 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27 Martin 167 3000m 08.32 10km ESE Acroma
08-May-41 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27 Blenheim IV 2000m 10.10 100km ENE Tobruk
15-May-41 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27 Hurricane I   12.15 Sollum
21-May-41 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27 Blenheim IV   07.57 SE Fort Capuzzo
21-May-41 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27 Blenheim IV   07.58 SE Fort Capuzzo
30-Aug-41 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27 Blenheim I   17.30 Sollum
14-Sep-41 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27 Hurricane I   17.48 South of El Sofafi
14-Sep-41 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27 Martin 167   17.45 South of El Sofafi
24-Sep-41 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   14.40 Sidi Omar
24-Sep-41 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27 Hurricane I   16.47 Buq Buq
27-Sep-41 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27 Hurricane I   10.10 5km SE Ras Azaz
05-Dec-41 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27   15.35 North Africa
09-Dec-41 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   14.15 S Gambut
13-Dec-41 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   16.15 SW Tmimi
23-Dec-41 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27   14.00 SE Arco Philaenorum
03-Jan-42 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   08.20 NE Agedabia
07-Jan-42 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   12.15 NE Agedabia
07-Jan-42 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27 P-40 Warhawk 1500m 12.20 30km NE Agedabia
09-Jan-42 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27 P-40 Warhawk 4000m 14.15 Marsa-el-Brega
09-Jan-42 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27 P-40 Warhawk 4500m 14.20 10km N Gadd-el- Ahmar
08-Feb-42 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   14.32 E Bomba-Bucht
09-Feb-42 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27   10.51 S El Adem
21-Feb-42 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   12.11 20km SE Ain-el-Gazala
27-Feb-42 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   12.10 NE Fort Acroma
02-Mar-42 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   10.51 West of Tobruk
02-Mar-42 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   10.52 SE Fort Acroma
02-Apr-42 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   18.07 30km N Fort Acroma
06-Apr-42 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27   09.10 NW Tmimi
07-Apr-42 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27 Curtiss P-46   08.37 SW Ain-el-Gazala
23-May-42 Gerhard Homuth 3./JG27 A-20 Boston III   11.18 North of Fort Acroma
25-Jul-42 Gerhard Homuth Stab I./JG27   17.45 West of El Daba
27-Jul-42 Gerhard Homuth Stab I./JG27   12.25 SE El-Hammam
27-Jul-42 Gerhard Homuth Stab I./JG27   12.27 SE El-Hammam
27-Jul-42 Gerhard Homuth Stab I./JG27 500m 12.28 5km S El-Hammam
07-Aug-42 Gerhard Homuth Stab I./JG27   09.35 NNW El-Alamein
07-Aug-42 Gerhard Homuth Stab I./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   09.37 North of El-Hammam
18-Aug-42 Gerhard Homuth Stab I./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   09.38 West of El-Alamein
29-Aug-42 Gerhard Homuth Stab I./JG27 P-40 Kittyhawk 2000m 08.45 15km SE Abu Dweis
02-Sep-42 Gerhard Homuth Stab I./JG27 Curtiss P-46   16.10 SW El-Hammam
07-Sep-42 Gerhard Homuth Stab I./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   17.42 SE El-Alamein
15-Sep-42 Gerhard Homuth Stab I./JG27 P-40 Kittyhawk   16.54 SW El-Alamein
27-Oct-42 Gerhard Homuth Stab I./JG27   15.15 Bir Mumin Busak
02-Nov-42 Gerhard Homuth Stab I./JG27 Curtiss P-46   12.06 SE Mumin Busak

 Some of the most widely used Book References:

  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase One: July-August 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 1) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Eddie J Creek (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Two: August-September 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 2) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Three: September-October 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 3) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Four: November 1940-June 1941 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 4) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)

 Some of the most widely used Magazine References:

  • Airfix Magazines (English) - http://www.airfix.com/
  • Avions (French) - http://www.aerostories.org/~aerobiblio/rubrique10.html
  • FlyPast (English) - http://www.flypast.com/
  • Flugzeug Publikations GmbH (German) - http://vdmedien.com/flugzeug-publikations-gmbh-hersteller_verlag-vdm-heinz-nickel-33.html
  • Flugzeug Classic (German) - http://www.flugzeugclassic.de/
  • Klassiker (German) - http://shop.flugrevue.de/abo/klassiker-der-luftfahrt
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://boutique.editions-lariviere.fr/site/abonnement-le-fana-de-l-aviation-626-4-6.html
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://www.pdfmagazines.org/tags/Le+Fana+De+L+Aviation/
  • Osprey (English) - http://www.ospreypublishing.com/
  • Revi Magazines (Czech) - http://www.revi.cz/