I. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 26 - I./JG 26

Messerschmitt Bf 109F Stab JG26 (-+- Adolf Galland France 1941

Profile 00: Messerschmitt Bf 109F-2/U flown by Obst. Adolf Galland, Kommodore of JG26, France, early December 1941 As noted above, this aircraft featured non-standard armament over the engine which necessitated the additional fairings and enlarged blast troughs visible in the accompanying photograph. It was camouflaged in a standard RLM 74/75/75 scheme with a yellow rudder and identification panel under the nose, but featured darker areas on the forward fuselage where the modified panels had been fitted. The Mickey Mouse emblem on the side of this aircraft faced forwards and the Stab symbols and rudder markings on all three modified aircraft are believed to have been identical to those shown opposite.

Messerschmitt Bf 109F JG26 (-+- Adolf Galland Audembert France Dec 5 1941 01-02

Photo's 01-02: The aircraft shown here is one of the two machines modified to carry MG 131s in the upper engine cowling. Note the blisters covering the gun breaches and ammunition feeds and that the blast troughs are deeper and wider than for the standard MG 17 armament.

Messerschmitt Bf 109F JG26 (-+- Adolf Galland Audembert France Dec 5 1941 03-06

Photo's 03-06: These photographs were taken during and immediately after the change-of command ceremony at Audembert on 5 December 1941 when Oberst Adolf Galland, ordered to succeed Werner Molders as General der Jagdflieger, handed over command of JG26 to Major Gerhard Schopfel. Showing a keen interest in the aircraft is Reichsmarschall Goring who, although not expected at the ceremony, arrived in order to pay tribute to Galland's leadership and to the successes of the Geschwader. The aircraft are two of the three Bf 109Fs which Galland had modified because he thought the F-version was under-armed. All three of the modified machines retained their standard engine mounted MG 151/20 cannon but two had been fitted with two 12.7mm MG 131s in the cowling, while the third retained the standard MG 17 armament but also had an MG FF cannon in each wing. The aircraft on this page has the two MG FF cannon in the wings, just visible in the photograph and a smooth engine cowing. Note the Mickey Mouse emblem on this machine faces aft.

Emblem JG26 Adolf Galland 01 - Galland's Mickey Mouse - Emblem.

Pilots JG26 Adolf Galland 01-03

Photo 01: The General der Jagdflieger makes a visit to a fighter unit in the West.

Photo 02: Taken at Caffiers in mid-August, this picture shows officers of III./JG26, including a shirtless Hptm. Adolf Galland (centre), watching the Gruppe's aircraft return from a sortie.

Photo 03: Major Galland, with back to camera, Geschwaderkommodore of JG26, after achieving his fortieth victory, a Hurricane of 17Sqn. P/O H.A. C. Bird-Wilson, on 24 September. The aircraft in the background marked with horizontal bars each side of the fuselage Balkenkreuz, was Oblt. Walter Horten, the Geschwader Technical Officer.

Pilots JG26 Adolf Galland and Werner Molders 01

Photo 01: Friends and rivals. Adolf Galland (right), Kommodore of JG26, and Werner Molders, Kommodore of JG51, seen here in mid-September 1940, were the two leading personalities of the Jagdwaffe during the Battle of Britain. Soon after this photograph was taken, Molders was awarded the Eichenlaub on 21 September, Galland receiving this award three days later.

Pilots JG26.3 Adolf Galland briefing Pilots at Caffiers 01

Photo 01: Officers of III./JG26 being briefed by Galland at Caffiers in mid-August. Galland maintained that a detailed and thoroughly understood pre-flight briefing was essential if operations were to be conducted successfully. JG26 and JG54 are thought to have been the two best units for adhering to this basic principle, particularly when bomber escort missions were the order of the day, and Galland held pilots personally responsible for any bomber losses. From left to right: The Gruppe surgeon, name unknown; ObIt. Gerhard Schopfel; Oblt. Georg Beyer (POW 28 August 1940); Lt. Gerhard Muller-Dillie (KIA 18 August 1940); Lt. Josef Burschgens (POW 1 September 1940); Hptm. Adolf Galland (back to camera); Lt. Hans-Marquardt Christinnecke (hidden - POW 6 September 1940); Lt.Walter Blume (pOW 18 August 1940); Lt. Gustav Sprick (KIA 28 June 1941); Lt. Joachim Muncheberg (KIA 23 March 1943); ObIt. Fritz Fromme and Hptm. Rolf Schrodter. On his last flight, Oblt. Beyer was involved in a fight with a Defiant when a Spitfire attacked from behind, wounding him and forcing him to bale out. Lt. Christinnecke was attacked by a fighter, forced landed at Hothfield and succeeded in setting fire to his aircraft, which completely burnt out, before being captured unhurt.

Pilots JG26 Adolf Galland with RAF Douglas Bader Aug 9 1941 01-02

Photo's 01-02: The RAF's policy of wearing down the Luftwaffe and forcing the withdrawal of units from the Russian Front was not achieved and Fighter Command suffered high losses. One notable British loss occurred during Circus 68 on 9 August 1941 when the well-known Tangmere Wing Leader, W/Cdr. Douglas Bader, who had lost his legs in a pre-war flying accident, was forced to abandon his Spitfire over the French coast after colliding with a Bf-109, possibly that flown by Uffz. Albert Schlager of 3./JG26. After being captured, Bader was entertained by Adolf Galland and members of JG26 at Audembert (Photo 01) and allowed to inspect one of the unit's Bf 109Fs at close quarters (Photo 02).

Pilots JG26 Adolf Galland signed 01-04
Signed Photo's http://www.leisuregalleries.com/galland1.jpg

Messerschmitt Bf 109F2 I./JG 26 ((+ Rolf Pingel France July 1941 0A-0D

Profile 00: Messerschmitt Bf-109E I./JG 26 ((+ Rolf Pingel France July 1941. The British Circus No. 42 targeted Chocques on 10 July 1941. Three RAF Stirling four-engine bombers, accompanied by their fighter escort, were intercepted by Pingel's I./JG26. Pingel followed a damaged Stirling bomber back to England, further damaging its tail section. However, the gunners' return fire hit his Bf 109F-2 (W.Nr. 12764) <<+ in the engine. He descended to low altitude but was intercepted by Spitfires. He force-landed his aircraft in a grain field near Dover and was taken into captivity. He was promoted to the rank of Major during his imprisonment.

Messerschmitt Bf 109F I./JG 26 ((+ Rolf Pingel crash-landed Dover 1941 00

Messerschmitt Bf109F-2, W.Nr. 12764, flown by Hauptmann Rolf Pingel, Gruppenkommandeur of I./JG26, 10 July 1941. The RAF Crash Report on this aircraft describes the camouflage as a 'dark olive green', and although the uppersurfaces were in fact finished in the then standard 02 and 71, the Green 71 predominated and was accentuated by the dense but soft-edged mottles of 71. Weathering was minimal, the aircraft having been flown for only two days before it was brought down. The spinner was 70 with a white segment and the yellow rudder was marked with red victory bars. Although not mentioned in any reports, photographs suggest that the MG troughs on the cowling were yellow.

Messerschmitt Bf 109F I./JG 26 ((+ Rolf Pingel crash-landed Dover 1941 01-06

Photo's 01-06: Hptm. Rolf Peter Pingel's Bf109F-2 W. Nr. 12764, following its forced landing beside the Deal to Dover road on 10 July I941. As he landed, Pingel saw some Hurricanes escorting a Lysander which all circled him and then flew away. The aircraft was captured intact owing to the prompt action of an Army detachment which, observing Pingel had climbed from his aircraft, deterred him from setting fire to it with a burst of machine-gun fire aimed above his head. The aircraft, which had only been flown for two days before it fell into British hands, had been fitted with a 20mm MG 151 at Pingel's special request. The machine was later taken for examination to Farnborough where it was repaired and test flown. Both aircraft and pilot were prize captures, the aircraft being the first intact example of a Bf109F to be acquired by the British, while Hptm. Pingel was a first-rate officer with 22 victories, a holder of the Knight's Cross and Gruppenkommandeur of I./JG26.

Messerschmitt Bf 109 F-2 Stab I./JG26 ((+ Major Rolf Pingel WNr 12764 force landing St. Margaret's Bay England July 10th 1941
Messerschmitt Bf 109 F-2 Stab I.JG26 Rolf Pingel at a RAF base after being recovered July 1941 01-02
Messerschmitt Bf 109 F-2 Stab I./JG26 Rolf Pingel at a RAF base after being recovered July 1941 01
Picture and Profile of Rolf Pingels Bf 109F2 in RAF markings ES906 England 1941 01

Profile Source: Flugzeug Classic 2011-12

Messerschmitt Bf 109F I./JG 26 ((+ Rolf Pingel W.Nr 12764 coloring guide 01

RLM Greys and the Bf109F RLM 74 RLM 75.
The diagram shows the standard uppersurface pattern for the Bf109F.

Messerschmitt Pilots I./JG 26 Rolf Pingel 01

Messerschmitt Bf 109 F-2 1./JG 26 (White 1+) Josef Priller W.Nr 7205 France Oct 1941 00

Profile 00: Messerschmitt Bf 109F-2, 'White 1', flown by Oblt. Josef Priller,Staffelkapitänof 1./JG26, France, October 1941 Camouflaged in an RLM 74/75/76 scheme, Oblt. Priller's aircraft is shown here marked with 55 victory bars on the rudder, as it appeared following Priller's victory over a Spitfire on 21 October 1941. Note that, as may be seen in the accompanying photographs, Priller's personal emblem, an ace of hearts with the name 'Jutta' added to the centre, was applied under the cockpit on both sides of the fuselage. The W.Nr. 7205 appeared on the fin.

Messerschmitt Bf 109F I./JG 26 (W1+) Josef Priller W.Nr 7205 France Oct 1941 01

Photo 01: ln this photograph, members of Priller's ground staff pose with the rudder of his machine marked with 55 victories, the latest claimed on 21 October 1941.

Messerschmitt Bf 109F I./JG 26 (W1+) Josef Priller W.Nr 7205 France Oct 1941 02

Photo 02: Bf 109F-2, WNr. 7205, flown by theStaffelkapitänof I./JG26, Oblt. Josef Priller taken during Autumn of 1941.

Messerschmitt Bf 109F I./JG 26 (W1+) Josef Priller W.Nr 7205 St. Omer-Arques, France Nov 25, 1941 01

Photo 01: On 8 November, Priller (seen second left) shot down a Spitfire as his 57th victory, and in the photograph he is seen at St. Omer-Arques on 25 November being filmed by a Propaganda Kompanie cameraman. Emblem I./JG 26 Josef Priller 01 Priller's personal emblem

Pilots JG26.3 Josef Priller signed 01

Photo http://www.leisuregalleries.com/prillerw1.jpg

Pilots I./JG 26 Josef Priller July 14, 1941 01-03

Photo 01-03: As the attack on Russia, which opened on 22 June 1941, was expected only to last a matter of six weeks, it was originally planned that both JG2 and JG26 would spend a short three-week period on the newly opened Eastern Front, JG2 taking the first three weeks and JG26 the second. However, because of the intensification of the British daylight bombing offensive over France, it was decided to keep the two Jagdgeschwader in the West where they would be responsible for the daylight defence of occupied north-west Europe from Belgium to the Bay of Biscay. Both Jagdgeschwader were among the best fighter units in the Luftwaffe; their losses at this time were very low and scarcely any new or inexperienced pilots were to be found in their ranks. These photographs show Oblt. Josef Priller,Staffelkapitänof 1./JG26, returning to St. Omer-Clairmarais on the morning of 14 July 1941 following his 40th victory and the subsequent celebratory drink with his ground crew and members of hisStaffel. The victory, a Spitfire Mk Vb of 72 Squadron, earned Priller the award of the Eichenlaub while his victim, Sgt. W. Lamberton, would spend the rest of the war as a prisoner.

Messerschmitt Bf 109F2 2./JG26 (B5+) Liegescourt France Oct 1941

II. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 26 - II./JG 26

Messerschmitt Bf 109 F-2 5./JG26 (Black 8+-) Russia 1941

III. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 26 - III./JG 26

Messerschmitt Bf 109F2 8./JG26 Ofw. Max Martin France 1941

10.(Jabo)Staffel IV. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 26 - 10.(Jabo)/JG26

Messerschmitt Bf 109F 10./JG 26(Jabo) (W2+) Otto Görtz W.Nr 8352 Caen-Carpiquet, France June 1942 01

Photo 01: Seen at Caen-Carpiquet loaded with an SC 250 bomb, this Bf 109F-4/B, 'White 2', WNr. 8352 of 10.(Jabo)/JG26, was flown by Fw. Otto Gortz during a Jabo mission to the Bournemouth area on the evening of 6June 1942. During the attack, this aircraft was shot down by anti aircraft fire and Fw. Gortz was killed. Note that on the bomb silhouette on the rear fuselage, sprayed highlights have been added in an attempt to accentuate its shape.

Messerschmitt Bf 109F 10./JG 26(Jabo) (W2+) Otto Görtz W.Nr 8352 Caen-Carpiquet, France June 1942 01

Photo 01: Seen at Caen-Carpiquet loaded with an SC 250 bomb, this Bf 109F-4/B, 'White 2', WNr. 8352 of 10.(Jabo)/JG26, was flown by Fw. Otto Gortz during a Jabo mission to the Bournemouth area on the evening of 6June 1942. During the attack, this aircraft was shot down by anti aircraft fire and Fw. Gortz was killed. Note that on the bomb silhouette on the rear fuselage, sprayed highlights have been added in an attempt to accentuate its shape.

Messerschmitt Bf 109F4 10.(Jabo)/JG26 (White 11+) Uffz. Oswald Fischer WNr 7232 St Omer France May 1942 00

Profile 00: Messerschmitt Bf 109F.4 flown by Uffz. Oswald Fischer of 10.(Jabo)/JG26, May 1942. This aircraft, W.Nr. 7232, was finished in a standard 74/75/76 and 02 camouflage scheme but with a particularly heavy mottle on the fuselage sides. The aircraft numeral and the falling bomb emblem were both white, and the rudder and the panel below the engine were yellow. The RLM 70 propeller spinner lacked the usual white segment.

Messerschmitt Bf 109F 10./JG 26 (W11+) Fischer WNr 7232 crash-landed England May 1942 01

Photo's 01-03: On 20 May 1942, Uffz. Oswald Fischer took off from St. Omer/Fort Rouge aerodrome in Northern France to attack shipping in or near Newhaven, harbour installations being designated as an alternative target. Fischer was accompanied by one other aircraft which, like his own, was carrying a single bomb and, with Fischer leading, both aircraft crossed the coast near Le Touquet and flew direct to Newhaven. They then circled until the pilots sighted shipping escorted by corvettes to the south west and swept round to attack. Normally when attacking shipping, Fischer had opened fire during the approach to silence the ship's anti-aircraft fire, but on this occasion his target was only a small corvette and he considered it unnecessary. Fischer then released his bomb at sea-level but it hit the water and bounced over the ship. As Fischer rose to clear the corvette, his engine was hit by machine gun fire and the temperature rose to 160°C. Realising that he would be unable to return to France, he warned the other aircraft by RIT that he intended to make a belly-landing on Beachy Head and was captured after he had fired all the rounds in his pistol into his aircraft's engine. It is believed that the other aircraft of the pair returned safely to France. When interrogated, Fischer, who had earlier flown with 7./JG26 in Libya and France and had been awarded the EK I, claimed to have had 16 victories before volunteering to join the JaboStaffelin March and, in the four weeks prior to his capture, had made 46 operational flights against a variety of objectives including railway stations, an aerodrome, a colliery, barracks and shipping. These photographs show Uffz. Fischer's 'White 11' being examined by RAF personnel at Beachy Head. The aircraft was subsequently moved to RAE Farnborough for further examination and in August 1943 was taken to RAF Collyweston where its damaged engine, which had flown only for one and a half hours, was replaced and the machine was restored to flying condition. Interestingly, when repainted in RAF camouflage and markings, the original white number and falling bomb emblem were retained.

 
 IL-2 Sturmovik 'Cliff's of Dover' - COD game skins
IL2 game skin by CF Bf 109F2 8./JG3 (B3+I) France June 1941
Skin for Messerschmitt Bf109F-2 by Cpt Farrel Template made by picking the best of my own old template and the one by Revolver Email:cptfarrel@cptfarrels.com Website: http://www.cptfarrels.com
IL2 game skin by CN Bf 109F4B 10./JG26 Oswald Fisher 1942
Bf 109F-4 flown by Uffz. Oswald Fischer, 10.(Jabo)/JG26, France, May 1942. skin by Canon, September 2007. This skin can be modified for your own use, but may not be uploaded, or included as part of another skin, without permission. Thanks :) www.canons-skins.com
IL2 game skin by EL Bf 109F2 1./JG26 (W1+) Josef Priller St.Omer Arques France 1941
Bf 109F-2 skin by Emel, Jan 2008/updated May 2008 Bf 109F-2, 'White 1', of Oblt. Josef Priller, Staffelkapitan of 1./JG26, St. Omer-Arques/France, October 1941. On 21 October 1941 Priller claimed his 55th victory, a Spitfire, flying Bf 109F-2 W.Nr 7205. Yet again the Messerschmitt shows the famous personal emblem, an Ace of Hearts with the name 'Jutta' on both sides of the fuselage. Notes on the skin & template: This pack includes one skin with full markings, one swastika only, and one blank skin. Slip the BMP files into your Il-2 Sturmovik/Paintschemes/Skins/Bf 109F-2 folder. The skins should work the next time you start the game. Have fun. The template was created by using the original Bf 109F-2 void file as a model. The outstanding mechanical layer by Fly-By-Shooter was obtained from Simmers-Paintshop. And last but not the least, colours for the skins were created from the colour swatches provided by Simmers paintshop. These skins are not to be uploaded further without my permission. You may rework these skins for your personal use, but not distribute them commercially or any other way without my permission Please do not remove credits emel@elisanet.fi Thanks all, Emel
IL2 game skin by EM Bf 109F2 Stab I./JG26 ((+ Rolf Pingel France 1941 A
IL2 game skin by EM Bf 109F2 Stab I./JG26 ((+ Rolf Pingel France 1941 ANM
IL2 game skin by EM Bf 109F2 Stab I./JG26 ((+ Rolf Pingel France 1941 B
IL2 game skin by EM Bf 109F2 Stab I./JG26 ((+ Rolf Pingel France 1941 BNM
IL2 game skin by EM Bf 109F2 Stab I./JG26 ((+ Rolf Pingel France 1941 C
IL2 game skin by EM Bf 109F2 Stab I./JG26 ((+ Rolf Pingel France 1941 CNM
IL2 game skin by EM Bf 109F2 Stab I./JG26 ((+ Rolf Pingel France 1941 D
IL2 game skin by EM Bf 109F2 Stab I./JG26 ((+ Rolf Pingel France 1941 DNM
Bf 109E-4 / F-2 skins by Emel, September 2009. emel@elisanet.fi
IL2 game skin by ES Bf 109F2 2./JG26 (B6+) Russia 1941
IL2 game skin by ES Bf 109F2 Stab I./JG26 ((+ Rolf Pingel France 1941
IL2 game skin by ES Bf 109F4B 10./JG26 Oswald Fisher 1942
Erik Schramm
IL2 game skin by HM Bf 109F4B RAF NN644 ex10./JG26 Fisher 1942
This is the paintscheme of Oswald Fisher's 109-F4 flown in May of 1942. This is a Jabo unit (Unit 10) as you can notice the bomb silhouette on the sides of the plane. This unit server under JG26. Scott Steiner
Harpia Mafra55mauriciomarcosmafra@ig.com.br
IL2 game skin by IM Bf 109F4B 10./JG26 Oswald Fisher 1942
Immela.immekus@onlinehome.de
IL2 game skin by KF Bf 109F4B RAF NN644 ex10./JG26 Fisher 1942
Kristorfkristorf576@btinternet.com
IL2 game skin by MS Bf 109F4B 10./JG26 Oswald Fisher 1942
IL2 game skin by MS Bf 109F4B 10./JG26 Oswald Fisher 1942 V04
Mangasmangas@hotbox.ru
IL2 game skin by RD Bf 109F JG26 (B5+) Liegescourt 1941
This JG26 aircraft was based at Liegescourt. Taken from a photograph Oct 1941. File replaced and proper file uploaded RDDRjuanc1402000@yahoo.comhttp://mission4today.com/
IL2 game skin by SS Bf 109F4B 10./JG26 Oswald Fisher 1942
IL2 game skin by VP Bf 109F2 Stab JG26 (-+ Adolf Galland France 1941
Vpmedia http://www.vpmedia.hu/il2

 

Knights Cross

Adolf Galland

Early Career

Adolf Galland was born on 19 March 1912 at Westerholt near Essen in Westphalia, where his father, continuing in the profession of earlier generations of the Galland family, managed the country estate owned by Count Graf von Westerholt. The young Adolf Galland spent his early schooldays in Westerholt, and his later academic studies were completed at the Hindenburg Gymnasium in Bilr.

Adolf Galland was 14 when, in early 1927, a group of sailplane enthusiasts brought their gliders to a corner of the Westerholt estate and first sparked in him an overwhelming enthusiasm to fly. By the time Galland was 17 years of age, he was a glider pilot in the DLV (Deutscher Luftsportverband - German Air Sport Association) and, in February 1932, he entered the Deutsche Fliegerschule (German Flying School) at Braunschweig. Between July and September, 1933 Galland attended a secret flying course in Italy and subsequently became a pilot with Deutsche Luft Hansa - the German airline - flying JuG-24 and Rohrbach Roland aircraft, mainly on the Stuttgart-Geneva-Marseilles-Barcelona routes.

When Adolf Hitler came to power and created a new air force, volunteers with flying experience were urgently sought and Galland joined the new clandestine air force. After basic training at Schleissheim, he qualified as a fighter pilot and, on 1 January 1935, the newly commissioned Leutnant Galland was posted to JG132 'Richthofen', then equipped with Ar 65 aircraft, though later to receive the He-51.After two flying accidents, Galland faced the unwelcome prospect of being forced to leave the Luftwaffe. However, by devious means, he managed to convince the medical authorities that he was indeed fit for flying duties - though, in fact, he suffered a minor sight deficiency in his left eye - and succeeded in retaining his position in the Luftwaffe.

When the Spanish Civil War broke out in 1936, Galland volunteered to join the Legion Condor. He arrived in Spain on 8 May 1937, at which time he was nearly 25, but he had to wait two months before he could fly with his assigned unit, the I./J88. From the Summer of 1937 he led the 3./J88, a Staffel equipped with obsolescent He-51 biplane fighters which, as they were no match against the superior Soviet Polikarpov 1-16 monoplanes, were employed in the ground-attack role, principally strafing enemy ground forces.

After a year in Spain - twice the amount of time spent by any other pilot - and after flying 280 missions, Galland returned to Germany in August, 1938. He was then an experienced formation leader and, in view of the role his unit had played in Spain, he was instructed to prepare numerous reports for the Reichslujtministerium to ensure that his expertise in the ground-attack role was passed on to future Schlachtflieger. Such a desk-bound position, however, was not at all to Galland's liking and in November, 1938, he was able to leave the RIM, only to find himself posted back to the ground-attack force in the Summer of 1939 when, just before the invasion of Poland, he was ordered to lead the 4. Staffel of II.(Schlacht)/LG2, a ground-attack unit based at Tutow and equipped with Hs-123s.

On 1 October, 1939, after the Polish campaign - which proved the importance of effective ground-support operations - Galland was awarded the Iron Cross, Second Class, and promoted to the rank of Hauptmann. In April 1940, he succeeded in being transferred back to fighters and was assigned to the Stab IJG27 as Operations Officer. As the inactivity of the so-called Phony War dragged on over several months, Galland was meanwhile able to arrange a temporary transfer to Stab III./JG53 in order to join his comrade Werner Molders, whom he had met in Spain, Galland returning to JG27 only a few days before the opening of the Westfeldzug, the campaign in the West.

During the invasion of France and Belgium, Galland shot down two RAF Hurricanes from 87Sqn. Unfortunately, in his autobiography, Galland incorrectly referred to these aircraft, which fell south of Liege, as Belgian Hurricanes, inadvertently creating a myth which some authors insist on perpetuating to the present day. In fact, all Belgian Hurricanes had already been destroyed in the first two days of the invasion.

Galland subsequently went on to claim many other victories during the campaign in the West. A Spitfire fell to his guns south of Sedan on 16 May; two French Potez 63-11 s on 19 May; another Potez south of Amiens on 20 May; two Bristol Blenheims over Dunkirk on 29 May and a Spitfire over Dunkirk on 2 June. On 3 June - the day of the infamous Operation Pau1a, when 300 bombers and dive-bombers attacked Armee de Fair airfields and French aircraft factories in and around Paris - he claimed a further two French aircraft shot down. On 20 May, Galland was awarded the Iron Cross, First Class, and at the same time left Stab/JG27 to become Kommandeur of III/JG26. His last two victories in the Western campaign, a Blenheim and a Defiant south of Evreux, were claimed on 14 June.

After the fall of France, III/JG26 returned to its home base at Munchengladbach in Germany in order to rest its personnel andoverhau1 and service its equipment. On 18 July, Galland was promoted to the rank of Major and, two days later, III./JG26 was ordered to move back to France where it was to be based on the coast at Caffiers, some 11 kilometers south-east of Wissant in the Pas de Calais, in preparation for the assault against Great Britain.

The III./JG26 flew its first sorties of the Battle of Britain on 24 July, when Galland's 40 Bf109s escorted 18 Do-17s briefed to attack a convoy. During this mission, Galland shot down a Spitfire of 54Squadron P/O John Allen, a successful pilot credited with 8 victories. The following day, Galland shot down another Spitfire over Dover and a third on the 28th, bringing his score to 17. For these victories, Galland was awarded the coveted Ritterkreuz on 1 August, at that time only the fourth fighter pilot to be so decorated.

During a Stuka escort mission on 14 August, Galland claimed a Hurricane shot down and three Spitfires the following day. On the 17th, the young Gruppenkommandeur, together with Werner Molders, the Kommodore of JG51, was summoned by Goring to Karinhall. There, Galland learned that the Reichsmarschall had decided to replace the older Geschwaderkommodoren, many of whom, like Osterkamp and von Bulow-Bothkamp had flown in the First World War, with younger fighter pilots. Consequently, at the age of only 28, Galland was appointed Kommodore of JG26.

Eichenlaubtrager

Despite his new responsibilities, Galland continued to fly and claim further victories; a Spitfire on 25 August, a Defiant on the 27th and three Spitfires on the 31st. In the first twenty days of September, Major Galland claimed 12 kills against RAF Hurricanes and Spitfires. A Hurricane shot down on 24 September and believed to have been P/O Harold Bird-Wilson of 17Sqn, brought Galland's total claims to 40 Luftsiegen. With this number of victories and less than two months after he had been awarded the RK, Galland was called to the Fuhrer's Headquarters where, as only the third member of the Wehrmacht to receive this decoration, he was presented with the Oak Leaves.

Returning to JG26, Galland claimed his 45th victory on 15 October while flying escort to his former unit of the Polish campaign, II.(Schlacht)/LG2, since equipped with Bf109Es and then flying Jabo sorties to bomb London. Promoted to Oberstleutnant on 1 November, Galland claimed his 57th victory on 5 December. At that time he was the highest-scoring Luftwaffe pilot, but this was also his last victory of the year since deteriorating weather conditions during the winter of 1940-41 temporarily curtailed further fighter operations.

In early 1941, the air-war changed when German plans to invade Great Britain were abandoned and the Wehrmacht turned its attention first to the Balkans and later to Russia. In the West, only a small number of fighters remained, mainly operating in a defensive role against RAF intruder missions. In March, JG26 was dispersed over various French airfields in Brittany, mainly in defence of Brest harbor. Galland claimed his first victory of 1942 on 4 April when he shot down a Spitfire of 91Sqn, believed to have been Sgt. Jack Mann, a pilot credited with five confirmed victories plus three unconfirmed. On 15 April, while flying with his Katschmarek to visitjafu 2 (Gen. Osterkamp), the pair made a short detour en route and over the English coast Galland succeeded in downing two, possibly three, Spitfires.

JG26 was then transferred to airfields in Belgium and Northern France and on 21 June, Galland claimed two Blenheims and one Spitfire, but on the same day was shot down twice. On the first occasion he safely force-landed his damaged aircraft, but when shot down the second time he was wounded and had to bail out of his blazing machine.

With 70 victories, Galland was once more called to Hitler's HQ where he received the Oak Leaves with Swords, the first recipient of only 159 ever awarded. However, this high honor brought with it an order from Hitler forbidding Galland to continue flying but, with his usual resourcefulness, he was able to circumvent this restriction. By interpreting Hitler's order to mean operational flying and, on the pretext that he was only testing his unit's new Bf 109F-3 and F-4 aircraft, Galland continued to fly and in this way justified his increasing score.

General der Jagdflieger

With 97 victories, Galland learned of the death of his comrade Oberst Werner Molders, killed when the He-111 in which he was a passenger crashed on 22 November 1941. On 5 December 1942, with the rank of Generalleutnant, Galland attended a farewell ceremony at Audembert in Northern France, where he left JG26 and became Molder's successor as General der Jagdflieger. He was then 30 years of age and the youngest General in the Wehrmacht. On 28 January 1942, he became only the second recipient of the Diamonds to the Knight's Cross. Early in his new position, Galland was responsible for some of the Luftwaffe's most daring and successful operations. He planned the air cover for the battle-cruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau and the heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen during the so-called Channel Dash when, in February 1942, all three ships sailed up the English Channel to ports in Germany. Later, he was responsible for the reinforcement of the German fighter arm in Russia and the transfer of fighters to the Mediterranean theatre for operations against Malta. However, with the growing strength of Allied air power and under the most severe pressure and unrealistic demands, Galland became increasingly isolated from his superiors who issued orders which bore little resemblance to reality. During the Allied invasion of Sicily, where JG53 and JG77 bore the brunt of the fighting, Goring became especially angry, demanding aerial victories from German fighter pilots totally overwhelmed by Allied air power and accusing them of cowardice when, despite their best efforts, this proved impossible.

Dismissal

In 1944, as the situation worsened, Galland clashed increasingly with Goring who blamed him personally for the failures of the Jagdflieger. Eventually, when the whole of the Fighter Arm was disgraced and Galland was dismissed from his post, Goring tried to have him arrested and he was saved due only to Hitler's personal intervention. Thereafter, Galland again flew fighters, organising his own jet unit, JV 44. Despite the difficulties of introducing the radically new Me-262 to service in a rapidly deteriorating situation in which the inevitable final collapse of the Third Reich grew ever closer, Galland was able to score further victories. He flew his last sortie on 26April 1945, when, after scoring his last two victories - his 103rd and 104th - he was wounded and had to make an emergency landing on Miinchen-Riem airfield. In hospital when the war ended, Galland was made a PoW.

Taken to Great Britain for detailed interrogation by British and US intelligence officers, Galland was eventually released in May 1947. The following year he left Europe for Argentina where he helped raise a modern air force for President Peron. Returning to Germany after seven years in South America, Galland later set up his own company - an aviation consultancy - which he headed until advancing years and failing health forced him into retirement.

During his lifetime, Generalleutnant a.D. Adolf Galland, holder of the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds, succeeded in gaining the respect not only of his comrades, but also of his former enemies. He died on 9 February 1996, little more than a month before his 84th birthday, and was buried at the church of St. Laurentius in Bonn-Oberwinter.

Adolf 'Dolfo' Galland was born on 19 March 1912 at Westerholt, Westphalia. At the age of 17 he started flying gliders. He began flying for Lufthansa after graduating from the German Commercial Air Transport School at Brunswick. This was at a time when the German Air Arm was created, following Hitler's rise to power, and students were sent clandestinely to the Soviet Union and Italy. In February 1934, he joined the Luftwaffe, an accomplished pilot and instructor, at the Fighter Pilot School at Munich-Schleissheim. By April 1935 he was a fighter pilot with Jagdgeschwader 2 'Richtofen'.

In 1937, he volunteered for service with the Condor Legion in Spain. Galland was put in command of 3 Staffel of J/88, equipped with the Heinkel He-51 biplanes, which were used in the ground attack and support role. He distinguished himself, especially on the Asturias, Teruel and Ebro fronts, completing 280 combat sorties before being relieved by Werner Mölders in mid-1938. He had met Mölders in the hotel 'Cristina' where they were billeted, and they were to become firm friends. Galland's many original contributions to ground support techniques brought him to the attention of the Luftwaffe High Command. However, his reward for the innovative work in Spain was flying a desk in the Air Ministry working out directives for the organisation of close support units and the training of fighter pilots in direct support operations. When World War 2 broke out Oberleutnant Galland was a Staffelkapitän of 4.(S)/LG2 equipped with the Henschel Hs 123, a biplane Stuka. He took part in the invasion of Poland flying 50 ground attack missions. Galland was awarded the Iron Cross, Second Class for his efforts. Galland was posted away to JG27 at Krefeld, arriving there on 15 February 1940. He was assigned to the Geschwaderstab and assumed the role of Geschwader Adjutant. On 12 May, west of Liege, Belgium, he scored his first aerial victory. Two more victories followed that day. All three victims were RAF Hurricanes. By the end of the French campaign he had accumulated 14 victories. On 6 June 1940, Hauptmann Galland was appointed Gruppenkommandeur of III./JG26. Promoted Major on 18 July, Galland stayed with III./JG26 through the Battle of Britain.

On 24 July, Galland led III./JG26 over the north coast of the Thames Estuary. Here they engaged Spitfires and Galland was able to shoot one down to the north of Margate. He had shot down the British ace P/O 'Johnny' Allen (7.333 confirmed and 5 unconfirmed destroyed victories) of 56Sqn, RAF, who was killed in the crash-landing that followed this combat. On 28 July, RAF fighters were scrambled to intercept a large German bomber formation headed for Dover. When confronted by the RAF fighters, the German bomber formation promptly headed for home. The RAF fighters were thus left to combat the escorting German fighters of I. and II./JG51 and III./JG26. Galland claimed a Spitfire shot down near Dover for his 17th victory. He had shot down another British ace, Sub-Lt Francis Dawson-Paul (7.25 confirmed and 1 unconfirmed destroyed and 1 damaged victories), a Royal Navy pilot on loan to the RAF.

Dawson-Paul was shot down into the Channel where he was picked up by a German E-boat, but he died from the wounds received in this combat on 30 July. Galland was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 1 August for 17 victories. It is thought he again shot down a notable RAF pilot on 15 August, when he brought down the New Zealand ace F/Lt 'Al' Deere (17.333 confirmed and 2.5 unconfirmed destroyed, 4 probable and 7.5 damaged victories) of 54Sqn, RAF. Deere baled out of his Spitfire between Dover and Folkestone.

On 24 September, Galland downed his 40th victim, another notable RAF pilot, Harold Bird-Wilson (5.2 destroyed, 3 probable and 3 damaged victories) of 17Sqn, RAF who baled out badly burned near Chatham. Galland was awarded the newly instituted Eichenlauben on 25 September.

By the end of September he had 42 victories. On 1 November 1940, Galland was promoted to Oberstleutnant and given command of JG26. He had 50 victories to his credit. JG26 was escorting the Bf 110 fighter bombers of EprGr 210 on a raid of Martlesham Heath on 17 November. The formation was intercepted by RAF Hurricanes. In the ensuing combat, Galland claimed a Hurricane shot down. The pilot, ace Count Manfred Czernin (17 destroyed, 3.5 probable and 3.833 damaged victories) of 17Sqn, RAF, baled out unhurt. On 21 June 1941, Galland shot down a Spitfire east of Boulogne. He, in turn, was shot down, by the Polish ace Boleslaw Drobinski (7.133/1.333/0 victories) of 303Sqn, RAF, and baled out wounded. Shortly after, he was awarded the Schwerten to his Ritterkreuz. Galland had, by now, been ordered by Hitler and Göring not to fly combat missions. However, he disregarded these orders and continued to rack up aerial victories. On the death of Oberst Werner Mölders (115 victories, RK-Br) on 22 November 1941, Galland was named General der Jagdflieger. Before settling into his new job, Oberst Galland directed the fighter protection for the Channel dash of the battleships Scharnhorst and Gneisenau, and the heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen, from Brest.

Operation Donnerkeil was a striking success. He was awarded the Brillanten to his Ritterkreuz on 28 January 1942 with his victory tally at 94. As General der Jagdflieger, he commanded a small unit operating Fw 190s. He flew about 10 combat missions and, it is thought, he gained two victories over USAAF B-17 bombers during 1944. It remains unsure whether his claims during this period were submitted or confirmed. Stab G.d.J claimed two B-17s shot down on 8 March 1944 and it is thought Galland may have been one of the claimants. Galland became one of the most controversial figures of his time through his skirmishes with Reichsmarschal Göring and his frank addresses to Hitler when he emphasized the need for more fighters to oppose the increasingly intense allied bombing raids over Germany. Galland's contemporaries in combat commands eventually began planning to force Göring's resignation, by seeking an audience with Hitler. Although Galland took no direct part in such activities, he was aware that all this was in train. In the denouement, Göring attributed the incipient mutiny to Galland, sacked him and prepared a trial in which blame for the collapse of the Jagdwaffe would be directed to the General der Jagdflieger. Hitler intervened but then insisted, as an end to the 'Galland affair', that he be given command of a unit of jet fighters. Galland led JV 44 until 26 April 1945 gaining up to seven victories flying the Me 262 jet fighter. On this day Generalleutnant Galland led 12 rocket-equipped Me 262s from München-Reim to intercept a formation of B-26 medium bombers targetting the airfield at Lechfeld. He claimed two of the bombers, but with cannon-fire rather than the rockets with which his Me 262 was armed. During his initial approach, Galland had failed to deactivate a safety switch which prevented him from firing the rockets. During his attacks on the bombers, Galland's Me 262 was struck by return fire. Disengaging from the bombers, he was bounced by a P-47 1st Lt James J Finnegan of the 50th Fighter Group, USAAF. Galland was wounded in the right knee and his aircraft received further damage. He was able to bring his crippled jet back to München-Reim and successfully land, albeit with a flat nose wheel tyre. He was forced to leap from his aircraft and take shelter because the airfield was under attack by American fighters. The wound suffered in this encounter were serious enough to end his combat flying. Galland surrendered himself to American forces at Tegernsee on 5 May 1945.

He was held in military custody for two years. He was released in 1947. In October 1948, Galland took a position with the Argentine Air Force. There followed many offers to act as consultant to armament firms who would equip the new Luftwaffe. He made his choices and settled down to prosperous and lively decades as a businessman. In his final years he divided his time between his home in Germany and his bungalow by the Alicante coast of Spain. Adolf Galland passed away on 9 February 1996 at Remagen-Oberwinter. Adolf Galland achieved 104 aerial victories in 705 missions, all on the Western front. Included in his score are at least seven victories flying the Me 262 and four four-engined bombers. He was himself shot down four times.

No Date Time A/c Type Unit Location Comments
1 12.5.1940 10:10 Stab JG27 10 km W Lüttich Hurricane I (L1970) of 87Sqn RAF flown by F/O J A Campbell, killed
2 12.5.1940 10:20 Stab JG27 18 km S Lüttich Hurricane I (L1632) of 87Sqn RAF flown by Sgt F V Howell, baled out
3 12.5.1940 15:50 Stab JG27 7 km EEN Tirlemont   
4 16.5.1940 19:30 Stab JG27 5 km S Lille  
5 19.5.1940 20:50 Potez 63 Stab JG27 N Albert  
6 19.5.1940 21:45 Potez 63 Stab JG27 SW Hirson  
7 20.5.1940 20:50 Potez 63 Stab JG27 S Amiens  
8 29.5.1940 12:59 Stab JG27 15 km N Gravelines  
9 29.5.1940 13:04 Stab JG27 30 km NW Gravelines  
10 2.6.1940 9:28 Stab JG27 W Dunkirk  
11 9.6.1940 15:55 Curtiss Hawk 75 Stab JG27 E Rotoy  
12 9.6.1940 16:10 Morane MS 406 Stab JG27 13 km NW Meaux  
13 14.6.1940 17:15 Stab III./JG26 22km SE Vernon/Breval  
14 14.6.1940 17:28 Battle Stab III./JG26 10km S Evreux  
15 24.7.1940 13:30 Stab III./JG26 30km N Margate Spitfire I of 54Sqn, RAF flown by P/O J L Allen (12.333 victories), killed in crash-landing
16 25.7.1940 16:17 Stab III./JG26 Dover Harbour Spitfire of 54Sqn, RAF
17 28.7.1940 15:20 Stab III./JG26 10km NNE Dover Spitfire I (L1035) of 64Sqn RAF flown by Sub Lt (RN) F Dawson-Paul (8.25/0/1 victories), died of wounds
18 12.8.1940 12:41 Stab III./JG26 NNW Margate Hurricane of 501Sqn, RAF
19 14.8.1940 13:30 Stab III./JG26 SW Dover  
20 15.8.1940 12:55 Stab III./JG26 10km E Dover-Folkestone Possibly Spitfire of 54Sqn RAF flown by F/Lt A C Deere (19.833/4/7.5 victories), baled out
21 15.8.1940 16:00 Stab III./JG26 15km SE Folkestone Spitfire of 64Sqn, RAF
22 15.8.1940 16:07 Stab III./JG26 20km SE Dover Spitfire of 64Sqn, RAF
23 25.8.1940 19:50 Stab JG26 Dungeness-Folkestone  
24 28.8.1940 10:00 Defiant Stab JG26 Faversham Defiant of 264Sqn, RAF
25 31.8.1940 9:42 Stab JG26 20km SE Cambridge Spitfire of 19Sqn, RAF
26 31.8.1940 18:50 Stab JG26 Gravesend  
27 31.8.1940 19:03 Stab JG26 Maidstone  
28 1.9.1940 14:55 Stab JG26 SE London  
29 3.9.1940 11:32 Stab JG26 Chelmsford Hurricane of 257Sqn, RAF
30 6.9.1940 10:20 Stab JG26 Tonbridge Hurricane of 601Sqn, RAF
31 11.9.1940 16:20 Stab JG26 NW Dungeness Hurricane of 501Sqn, RAF
32 14.9.1940 17:03 Stab JG26 SE London Hurricane of 253Sqn RAF
33 15.9.1940 15:30 Stab JG26 Thames Estuary Hurricane I (R 4087) NN-X of 310Sqn RAF, flown by Sgt. Josef Hubacek
34 18.9.1940 13:35 Stab JG26   Hurricane of 46Sqn RAF
35 18.9.1940 13:52 Stab JG26 W Rochester Hurricane of 46Sqn RAF
36 18.9.1940 13:55 Stab JG26 W Rochester Hurricane of 46Sqn RAF
37 20.9.1940 12:05 Stab JG26 S Hornchurch Spitfire of 222Sqn, RAF
38 21.9.1940 19:25 Stab JG26 W Ashford-Canterbury Spitfire of 92Sqn, RAF
39 23.9.1940 10:45 Stab JG26 N Rochester Hurricane of 257Sqn, RAF
40 23.9.1940 10:45 Stab JG26 N Rochester  
41 24.9.1940 10:00 Stab JG26 Rochester Possibly Hurricane (P3878) of 17Sqn RAF flown by HAC Bird-Wilson (5.2/3/3 victories), baled out
42 30.9.1940 18:05 Stab JG26 S Guidford Hurricane of 303Sqn, RAF
43 8.10.1940 10:20 Stab JG26 S Eastchurch Spitfire of 66Sqn, RAF
44 11.10.1940 17:12 Stab JG26 Dartford/Rochester Hurricane of 253Sqn, RAF
45 11.10.1940 17:00 Stab JG26 SE Chatham/Ashford Spitfire of 421 Flt, RAF
46 15.10.1940 13:50 Stab JG26 S Rochester/Gillingham  
47 26.10.1940 17:30 Stab JG26 Maidstone/S London  
48 30.10.1940 12:55 Stab JG26 E London Spitfire of 222Sqn, RAF
49 30.10.1940 17:30 Stab JG26 S Eastchurch/Maidstone Spitfire of 41Sqn, RAF
50 30.11.1940 17:40 Stab JG26 Canterbury/Maidstone Spitfire of 41Sqn, RAF
51 1.11.1940 12:50 Stab JG26 W Ashford  
52 8.11.1940 15:28 Stab JG26 10km S Dover  
53 15.11.1940 14:15 Stab JG26 Near Dover Hurricane of 605Sqn, RAF
54 17.11.1940 10:20 Stab JG26 W Harwich Possibly Hurricane I (V7500) of 17Sqn flown by F/Lt Count MB Czernin (17/3.5/4.833 victories), baled out 
55 17.11.1940 10:20 Stab JG26 20km E of 'sunk' lightship Hurricane of 257Sqn, RAF
56 17.11.1940 10:15 Stab JG26 E Harwich  
- 27.11.1940 17:07 Stab JG26 E Kenley Spitfire of 74Sqn, RAF, unconfirmed
57 28.11.1940 15:40 Stab JG26 Dartford Hurricane of 249Sqn, RAF
58 5.12.1940 12:30 Stab JG26 Dover-Dungeness Spitfire of 64Sqn, RAF
59 4.4.1941 17:50 Stab JG26 Dover-Canterbury Spitfire of 91Sqn, RAF
60 15.4.1941 17:50 Stab JG26 30km W Dover  
61 15.4.1941 18:00 Stab JG26 Dover-Margate Spitfire of 266Sqn, RAF
- 15.4.1941 18:00 Stab JG26 S England Spitfire of 266Sqn, RAF, unconfirmed
62 13.6.1941 13:15 Stab JG26 5km W Dover Hurricane of 601Sqn, RAF
63 13.6.1941 13:18 Stab JG26 10km NE Ashford Hurricane of 601Sqn, RAF
64 16.6.1941 16:35 Stab JG26 W Boulogne Hurricane of 258Sqn, RAF
65 17.6.1941 19:38 Stab JG26 15km W St Omer  
66 17.6.1941 19:40 Stab JG26 15km W St Omer  
67 18.6.1941 18:18 Stab JG26 1km E Ardres Spitfire of 145Sqn, RAF
68 21.6.1941 12:32 Stab JG26 Near Lumbres Blenheim of 21Sqn, RAF
- 21.6.1941 12:36 Stab JG26 Merville Blenheim of 21Sqn, RAF, unconfirmed
69 21.6.1941 16:37 Stab JG26 N Etaples Spitfire of 616Sqn, RAF
70 2.7.1941 12:30 Stab JG26 Merville Blenheim of 226Sqn RAF
71 23.7.1941 13:35 Stab JG26 40km NW Gravelines  
72 23.7.1941 20:10 Stab JG26 Bruges  
73 23.7.1941 20:15 Stab JG26 Bruges  
74 7.8.1941 11:23 Stab JG26 Lumbres  
75 7.8.1941 17:40 Stab JG26 10km NW St Omer  
76 9.8.1941 11:32 Stab JG26 NW St Pol Spitfire of 452Sqn RAF
- 9.8.1941 17:41 Stab JG26 N Ardres unconfirmed
77 12.8.1941 13:12 Stab JG26 20km W Vlissingen Spitfire (P6793) of 19Sqn RAF
78 12.8.1941 13:18 Stab JG26 W Haamstede-Scheldt Estuary Blenheim of 139Sqn RAF flown by F/L GA Herbert, 3 crew killed
79 19.8.1941 11:55 Stab JG26 Bergues  
80 19.8.1941 19:32 Stab JG26 NW St Omer Spitfire of 111Sqn RAF
81 19.8.1941 19:45 Stab JG26 SE Gravelines Hurricane of 71Sqn RAF
82 4.9.1941 17:19 Stab JG26 N St Omer Blenheim of 18Sqn, RAF
83 7.9.1941 17:19 Stab JG26 20km W Boulogne Spitfire of 71Sqn, RAF
84 20.9.1941 16:45 Stab JG26 Bergues-Bourbourg  
85 20.9.1941 16:55 Stab JG26 6km NW Braye-Dunes  
86 21.9.1941 16:23 Stab JG26 SE Etaples  
87 21.9.1941 17:35 Stab JG26 S Dunkirk Spitfire of 111Sqn RAF
88 13.10.1941 14:17 Stab JG26 St Omer  
89 13.10.1941 14:27 Stab JG26 Samer Blenheim of 139Sqn, RAF
90 21.10.1941 12:54 Stab JG26 W Samer  
91 21.10.1941 12:58 Stab JG26 6km W Hardelot  
92 21.10.1941 18:16 Stab JG26 15km W Boulogne Spitfire of 611Sqn RAF
93 27.10.1941 13:25 Stab JG26 S Dunkirk Spitfire of 401Sqn RAF flown by Sgt B Hodgkinson, POW
94 8.11.1941 12:58 Stab JG26 Near Montreuil Spitfire of 315Sqn, RAF
95 8.11.1941 13:00 Stab JG26 10km S Hazebrouck  
96 18.11.1941 12:32 Stab JG26 W Boulogne Spitfire of 602Sqn RAF
1944 - B-17 Stab G.d.J.   unconfirmed ?
1944 - B-17 Stab G.d.J.   unconfirmed ?
98 3.4.1945 - P-38 JV 44    
99 5.4.1945 - B-24 JV 44    
100 16.4.1945 - B-26 JV 44   with R4M rockets
101 16.4.1945 - B-26 JV 44   with R4M rockets
102 21.4.1945 - B-17 JV 44    
103 26.4.1945 11:50~ B-26 JV 44 München-Reim B-26 of 17 BG, USAAF
104 26.4.1945 11:55~ B-26 JV 44 München Reim B-26 of 17 BG, USAAF

Victories : 104
Awards : Ritterkreuz (1 August 1940)
Eichenlaub (25 September 1940)
Schwerter (21 June 1941)
http://www.luftwaffe.cz/gallanda.html

Asisbiz Database of aerial victories for Adolf Galland

Date Pilot Name Unit EA Type Height Time Location
12-May-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27 500m 10.10 18km S Luttich
12-May-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27   15.50 7km ENE Tirlemont
12-May-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27 500m 10.20 18km S Luttich
12-May-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27   10.10  
16-May-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27 Spitfire I   19.30 Seclin S Lille
19-May-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27 Potez 63   20.50 N Albert-Meaulte
19-May-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27 Potez 63   21.45 SW Hirson
20-May-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27 Potez 63   20.50 S Amiens
29-May-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27   12.59 15km N Gravelines
29-May-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27   13.04 30km NW Gravelines
02-Jun-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27   09.28 West of Dunkirk
09-Jun-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27 Hawk-75A   15.55 East of Rotoy
09-Jun-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG27 Morane 406   16.10 13km NW Meaux
14-Jun-40 Adolf Galland Stab III./JG26   17.15 22km SE Vernon-Breval
14-Jun-40 Adolf Galland Stab III./JG26 Defiant   17.28 10km S evreux
24-Jul-40 Adolf Galland Stab III./JG26 3000-2200m 13.35 30km N Margate
25-Jul-40 Adolf Galland Stab III./JG26   16.17 Dover Hafen
28-Jul-40 Adolf Galland Stab III./JG26 6000m 15.14 10km NNE Dover
12-Aug-40 Adolf Galland Stab III./JG26   12.41 NNW Margate
14-Aug-40 Adolf Galland Stab III./JG26   13.30 SW Dover
15-Aug-40 Adolf Galland Stab III./JG26   12.55 10km East of Dover
15-Aug-40 Adolf Galland Stab III./JG26   16.01 15km SE Folkestone
15-Aug-40 Adolf Galland Stab III./JG26   16.07 20km SE Dover
25-Aug-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 3000m 19.50 Dungeness-Folkestone
28-Aug-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Defiant 2000m 10.08 E Canterbury
31-Aug-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   19.03 Maidstone
31-Aug-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 P-40 Warhawk   09.42 20km SE Cambridge
31-Aug-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   18.50 Gravesend
01-Sep-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   19.55 Sudostrand London
03-Sep-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   11.32 Chelmsford
06-Sep-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   10.20 Tonbridge
11-Sep-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   16.20 NW Dungeness
14-Sep-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   17.03 Sudostrands London
15-Sep-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   15.30 Thames Estuary
18-Sep-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   13.52 West of Rochester
18-Sep-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   13.55 West of Rochester
18-Sep-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   13.35  
20-Sep-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   12.05 South of Hornchurch
21-Sep-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   19.25 West of Ashford-Canterbury
23-Sep-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   10.45 North of Rochester
23-Sep-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   10.45 North of Rochester
24-Sep-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   10.00 Rochester
30-Sep-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   18.05 South of Guildford
10-Oct-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   10.20 South of Eastchurch
11-Oct-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   17.05 SE Chatham
11-Oct-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 2500m 17.12 Dartford-Rochester
15-Oct-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   13.50 South of Rochester
26-Oct-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   17.30 Maidstone - South of London
30-Oct-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   12.55 East of London
30-Oct-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   17.40 Canterbury-Maidstone
30-Oct-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   17.30 South of Eastchurch-Maidstone
01-Nov-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   12.50 West of Ashford
14-Nov-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   15.28 10km South of Dover
15-Nov-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   10.28 bei Dover
17-Nov-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   10.20 West of Harwich
17-Nov-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 1-1500m 10.27 20km E versengt Leucht
27-Nov-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 8000m 17.00 5km East of Detling
28-Nov-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 6500m 15.40 Dartford
05-Dec-40 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 2000m 12.30 Dover-Dungeness
04-Apr-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 1200m 17.50 zw Dover-Canterbury
15-Apr-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 3800m 17.50 30km vor Dover
15-Apr-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 4500m 18.00 zw Dover u Margate
13-Jun-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 3500m 13.15 5km W Dover
13-Jun-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 2000m 13.18 10km NE Ashford
16-Jun-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 3000m 16.35 West of Boulogne
17-Jun-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 3500m 19.40 5km SE Boulogne
17-Jun-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 3500m 19.38 15km W St Omer
18-Jun-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 6500m 18.18 1?km E Ardres
21-Jun-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 3500m 12.32 S St Omer
21-Jun-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 3500m 12.36 NW St Omer
21-Jun-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 5000m 16.37 N Etaples
02-Jul-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 4000m 12.30 bei Merville
23-Jul-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 10m 13.35 40km NW Gravelines
23-Jul-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 7000m 20.10 bei Fruges
23-Jul-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 6500m 20.15 bei Fruges
07-Aug-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   11.23 Lumbres
07-Aug-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   17.40 10km NW St Omer
09-Aug-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 5000m 17.44 N Ardres
09-Aug-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   17.41 N Ardres
09-Aug-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   11.32 NW St Pol
12-Aug-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 200m 13.12 20-25km W Vlissinghen
12-Aug-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   13.18 Scheldemundung W Haamstede
19-Aug-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   19.32 NW St Omer
19-Aug-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   19.45 SE Gravelines
19-Aug-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   11.55 Bergues
04-Sep-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26 Blenheim IV   17.19 N St Omer
07-Sep-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   17.19  
20-Sep-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   16.45 Bergues-Bourbourg
20-Sep-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   16.55 6km NW Bray-Dunes
21-Sep-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   17.35 S Dunkirk
21-Sep-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   16.23 SE Etaples
13-Oct-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   14.17 St Omer
13-Oct-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   14.27 Samer
21-Oct-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   12.54 West of Samer
21-Oct-41 Adolf Galland StabJG26   12.58 6km W. Hardelot
21-Oct-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   18.16 15km W Boulogne
27-Oct-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   13.25 S Dunkirk
08-Nov-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   13.00  
08-Nov-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   12.58  
18-Nov-41 Adolf Galland Stab /JG26   12.32 20km W Boulogne
16-Apr-45 Adolf Galland JV44 B-26 Marauder   - Raum Lanberg
16-Apr-45 Adolf Galland JV44 B-26 Marauder   - Raum Lanberg
21-Apr-45 Adolf Galland JV44 B-17 Fortress   - -
26-Apr-45 Adolf Galland JV44 B-26 Marauder   - Raum Neuburg
26-Apr-45 Adolf Galland JV44 B-26 Marauder   - Raum Neuburg

Knights Cross

Josef 'Pips' Priller

Josef 'Pips' Priller was born on 27 July 1915 at Ingolstadt in Bayern. In 1935, Fahnenjunker Priller was serving in Infanterieregiment 19. Oberfähnrich Priller transferred to the Luftwaffe and began his flying training at Salzwedel in October 1936. On 1 April 1937, Leutnant Priller was posted to I./JG135. In November 1938 the unit was redesignated I./JG233 and again on 1 May 1939 to I./JG51. In July 1939, he was serving with I./JG71 which was to be redesignated II./JG51 in October 1939. On 1 October 1939, Priller was appointed Staffelkapitän of 6./JG51. He gained his first victories on 28 May 1940 over Dunkirk in aerial combat with RAF fighters. He claimed six victories during the French campaign, including his 6th on 25 June, when he shot down a RAF Spitfire fighter near Desvres. By the end of August his victory total stood at 15. On 17 October, Oberleutnant Priller claimed his 20th victory resulting in the award of the Ritterkreuz on 19 October. He claimed at least fourteen victories in the Battle of Britain.

On 20 November 1940, Priller was transferred as Staffelkapitän to 1./JG26, succeeding Oberleutnant Eberhard Henrici (7 victories) who had been lost in aerial combat over the Channel three days previously. Despite much combat with the British, Priller was unable to add to his score before the end of the year. That winter, JG26 was withdrawn from the Channel front back to Germany for a rest. On his return to the Channel Priller enjoyed a remarkable run of victories between 16 June and 11 July 1941 shooting down 19 RAF aircraft, including 17 Spitfire fighters, to bring his victory total to 39. On 14 July, Priller shot down his 40th victim. He was awarded the Eichenlaub (Nr 28) on 19 October for 41 victories. Hauptmann Priller became Gruppenkommandeur of III./JG26 on 6 December 1941. By the end of 1941 Priller's score stood at 58.

He recorded his 60th victory on 27 March 1942 and his 70th victory on 5 May.By the end of 1942 Priller had 81 confirmed victories to his tally. On 11 January 1943, Priller became Kommodore of JG26, replacing Major Gerhard Schöpfel (45 victories, RK) who was taking up a staff role. He was awarded the Schwertern (Nr 73) on 2 July 1944. Oberstleutnant Priller brought up his 100th victory on 18 July 1944 when he brought down a USAAF B-24 four-engine bomber. On 1 January 1945, Priller led JG26 and III./JG54 in the attack on the Allied airfields, codenamed Operation Bodenplatte, at Brussels-Evére and Brussels-Grimbergen. On 28 January, Priller was appointed Inspekteur der Jagdflieger Ost, a position that required he cease operational flying and which he held until the end of the war. Post-war 'Pips' Priller managed the family brewery business. He died on 20 May 1961 at Böbing in Oberbayern following a heart attack.

Josef 'Pips' Priller flew 1,307 combat missions to achieve 101 victories. All his victories were recorded over the Western Front and include 11 four-engine bombers. He was the most successful pilot in battles with Spitfires claiming at least 68 of them.

No Date Time A/c Type Unit Location Comments
1 28.5.1940 13:07 6./JG51 NW Dunkirk -
2 28.5.1940 13:10 6./JG51 NW Dunkirk -
3 2.6.1940 21:15 Curtiss 6./JG51 SW Dunkirk -
4 8.6.1940 19:05 6./JG51 Abbeville -
5 8.6.1940 19:06 6./JG51 Abbeville -
6 25.6.1940 18:20 6./JG51 8km NW Desvres -
- 10.7.1940 11:15 6./JG51 Dover Spitfire of 610 Sqn, RAF flown by S/L Smith, damaged
7 14.7.1940 16:25 6./JG51 SE Dover Hurricane of 615 Sqn, RAF
8 20.7.1940 19:20 6./JG51 5km E Folestone Hurricane of 32 Sqn RAF flown by Sub Lt Bulmer
9 29.7.1940 8:40 6./JG51 5km N Dover -
10 14.8.1940 13:45 6./JG51 NW Dover -
11 15.8.1940 16:15 6./JG51 1km E Clacton -
12 16.8.1940 13:35 6./JG51 10km E Canterbury -
13 24.8.1940 13:55 6./JG51 7km E Margate -
14 24.8.1940 14:10 6./JG51 2km E Margate -
15 26.8.1940 18:57 6./JG51 5km W Boulogne -
16 7.10.1940 11:35 6./JG51 20km N Canterbury -
17 7.10.1940 17:40 6./JG51 Thames Estuary -
18 15.10.1940 13:10 6./JG51 10km SW Dover -
19 15.10.1940 13:15 6./JG51 15km W Dover -
20 17.10.1940 16:35 6./JG51 Tunbridge Wells -
21 16.6.1941 16:35 1./JG26 W Boulogne -
22 16.6.1941 16:45 1./JG26 SW Boulogne Blenheim of 59 Sqn, RAF
23 17.6.1941 19:42 1./JG26 W Cap Gris Nez Hurricane of 56 or 242 Sqn, RAF
24 21.6.1941 12:40 1./JG26 SW Ramsgate Spitfire of 603 Sqn, RAF
25 23.6.1941 13:35 1./JG26 S Somme Estuary -
26 25.6.1941 13:00 1./JG26 W Gravelines Spitfire of 610 or 616 Sqn, RAF
27 27.6.1941 22:00 1./JG26 SW Gravelines -
28 30.6.1941 18:56 1./JG26 10km NW St Inglevert Spitfire of 603 or 616 Sqn, RAF
29 2.7.1941 12:45 1./JG26 10km W Lille -
30 4.7.1941 14:55 1./JG26 10km SW St Omer -
31 5.7.1941 13:40 1./JG26 4km NW Dunkirk Spitfire of 54 or 616 Sqn, RAF
32 7.7.1941 10:00 1./JG26 3km N Gravelines Spitfire of Hornchurch Wing, RAF
33 7.7.1941 10:47 1./JG26 W Somme Estuary -
34 8.7.1941 15:30 1./JG26 10km N St Omer -
35 9.7.1941 14:00 1./JG26 S Aire-SE Samer -
36 9.7.1941 14:10 1./JG26 2km S Calais -
37 10.7.1941 12:30 1./JG26 N St Omer -
38 10.7.1941 12:40 1./JG26 5km NW Boulogne -
39 11.7.1941 16:10 1./JG26 20km W Calais -
40 14.7.1941 10:30 1./JG26 St Omer Spitfire V of 72 Sqn flown by F/Sgt WM Lamberton, baled out, POW
41 19.7.1941 14:35 1./JG26 5km Dover Spitfire of 72 Sqn, RAF
42 22.7.1941 13:40 1./JG26 10km NW Gravelines Spitfire of 308 Sqn, RAF
43 23.7.1941 14:05 1./JG26 15km NW Gravelines -
44 24.7.1941 14:45 1./JG26 7km NW Dunkirk -
45 7.8.1941 11:30 1./JG26 5km NW Calais -
46 7.8.1941 18:20 1./JG26 8km N Calais -
47 4.9.1941 17:30 1./JG26 NW Bethune -
48 17.9.1941 15:35 1./JG26 5km NW Calais -
49 18.9.1941 16:25 1./JG26 SW Dungeness -
50 1.10.1941 14:57 1./JG26 mid English Channel Spitfire of 91 Sqn, RAF
51 1.10.1941 13:55 1./JG26 W Boulogne -
52 12.10.1941 13:25 1./JG26 5km E Berck-sur-Mer Spitfire of 452 or 602 Sqn, RAF
53 13.10.1941 15:30 1./JG26 15km W Berck-sur-Mer -
54 21.10.1941 12:55 1./JG26 4km W Etaples -
55 21.10.1941 13:05 1./JG26 15km NNW Le Touquet -
56 27.10.1941 13:15 1./JG26 5km N Watten Spitfire of 401 Sqn, RAF
57 8.11.1941 12:50 1./JG26 N Bethune Spitfire of 302 or 316 Sqn, RAF
58 8.11.1941 13:10 1./JG26 5km NW Gravelines Spitfire of 302 or 316 Sqn, RAF
59 3.1.1942 15:38 Stab III./JG26 5km NW Calais -
60 27.3.1942 16:40 Stab III./JG26 10km W Ostend Spitfire of 313 Sqn RAF flown by Vladimir Michalek
61 28.3.1942 18:50 Stab III./JG26 Cap Gris Nez-Blanc Nez Spitfire of 457 or 602 Sqn, RAF
62 4.4.1942 14:15 Stab III./JG26 Calais-Dover Spitfire of 129 Sqn, RAF
- 12.4.1942 - Stab III./JG26 Boulogne Not confirmed
63 12.4.1942 13:45 Stab III./JG26 N Gravelines Spitfire of 41 Sqn, RAF
64 16.4.1942 18:26 Stab III./JG26 5km N Calais Spitfire of 118 or 129 Sqn, RAF
65 25.4.1942 16:54 Stab III./JG26 10km W St Etienne -
66 27.4.1942 12:25 Stab III./JG26 S Ardres Spitfire of 65 Sqn, RAF
67 27.4.1942 12:30 Stab III./JG26 15km NW Gravelines Spitfire of 65 Sqn, RAF
68 28.4.1942 12:00 Stab III./JG26 Dunkirk-Gravelines Spitfire of 401 Sqn, RAF
69 1.5.1942 19:30 Stab III./JG26 5km N Calais Spitfire of 457, 485 or 602 Sqn, RAF
70 5.5.1942 15:40 Stab III./JG26 11km SW Ypres Spitfire Vb (BM261) of 313 Sqn RAF flown by Sgt Karel Pavlik, killed
71 9.5.1942 13:40 Stab III./JG26 3km N Gravelines Spitfire of 118 of 501 Sqn, RAF
72 17.5.1942 11:33 Stab III./JG26 S Guines-Audembert Spitfire of 313 Sqn RAF flown by F/Lt Stanislav Fejfar (5.833/1/3 victories)
73 1.6.1942 13:45 Stab III./JG26 5km N Blankenberghe Spitfire of 350 Sqn, RAF
74 22.6.1942 12:10 Stab III./JG26 30km N Gravelines Spitfire of 64 Sqn, RAF
75 15.7.1942 15:38 Stab III./JG26 8km NE Dover Spitfire of 402 Sqn, RAF
- 30.7.1942 19:00 Stab III./JG26 Gravelines Not confirmed
76 21.8.1942 11:10 Stab III./JG26 50km N Gravelines -
77 29.8.1942 11:46 Stab III./JG26 15km NW Cap Gris Nez -
78 9.10.1942 10:35 B-24 Stab III./JG26 SW Roubaix-Wevelgem B-17 'Snoozy II' of 367 BS, 306 BG, USAAF flown by Capt John Olsen
79 4.12.1942 14:40 Stab III./JG26 20km N Calais Spitfire of 401 or 402 Sqn, RAF
80 6.12.1942 12:10 Stab III./JG26 5-6km S Lille -
81 20.12.1942 12:01 B-17 Stab III./JG26 Baie de la Seine B-17 of 91 BG, USAAF
82 20.1.1943 12:35 Stab/JG26 N Canterbury Spitfire of 332 Sqn, RAF
83 8.3.1943 14:15 Stab/JG26 8km NW St Valery-en-Cause Spitfire of 340 Sqn, RAF
84 5.4.1943 15:12 B-17 Stab/JG26 20km W Ostend B-17 of 306 BG, USAAF
85 4.5.1943 18:42 Stab/JG26 Westerschelde-NW Antwerp -
86 13.5.1943 16:24 B-17 Stab/JG26 Near Amplier-5km E Boulogne B-17 of 91 BG, USAAF
87 13.5.1943 16:46 Stab/JG26 5km NW Etaples Spitfire of 416 Sqn, RAF
88 16.5.1943 13:12 P-47 Stab/JG26 Scheldt Estuary P-47 of 78 FG, USAAF
89 10.6.1943 18:55 Ventura Stab/JG26 W Coxyde -
90 22.6.1943 9:32 B-17 Stab/JG26 near Terneuzen B-17 of 381 BG, USAAF
91 26.6.1943 18:52 B-17 Stab/JG26 Dieppe-Le Treport B-17 of 384 BG, USAAF
92 17.8.1943 17:40 B-17 Stab/JG26 N Liege -
93 19.8.1943 19:00 B-17 Stab/JG26 De Beer Is B-17 of 305 BG, USAAF
94 21.9.1943 10:45 Mitchell Stab/JG26 St Pol Mitchell of 98 Sqn, RAF
95 20.10.1943 13:45 B-17 HSS Stab/JG26 SE Arras-Cambrai B-17 of 96 BG, USAAF
96 13.4.1944 17:10 B-17 Stab/JG26 Poperinghe-N St Omer -
97 7.6.1944 13:50 P-51 Stab/JG26 N Caen -
98 7.6.1944 19:00 P-47 Stab/JG26 Evreux -
99 11.6.1944 15:35 P-38 Stab/JG26 Compiegne P-38 of 55 FG, USAAF
100 15.6.1944 7:10 B-24 Stab/JG26 W Dreux-SW Chartres B-24 of 492 BG, USAAF
101 12.10.1944 11:25 P-51 Stab/JG26 S Wunsdorf P-51 of 357FG USAAF flown by Capt HT Pascoe, POW

Victories : 101
Awards : Deutsches Kreuz in Gold (9 December 1941)
Ritterkreuz (19 October 1940)
Eichenlaub (20 July 1941)
Schwertern (20 December 1941)
Units : JG51, JG26

Web Reference: http://www.luftwaffe.cz/priller.html

Asisbiz Database of 101 aerial victories for Josef Priller

Date Pilot Name Unit EA Type Height Time Location
28-May-40 Josef Priller 6./JG51   13.10 NW Dunkirk
28-May-40 Josef Priller 6./JG51   13.07 NW Dunkirk
02-Jun-40 Josef Priller 6./JG51 Hawk-75A   21.15 SW Dunkirk
08-Jun-40 Josef Priller 6./JG51   19.05 Abbeville
08-Jun-40 Josef Priller 6./JG51   19.06 Abbeville
25-Jun-40 Josef Priller 6./JG51   18.20 8km NW Desvres
14-Jul-40 Josef Priller 6./JG51   16.25 SE Dover
20-Jul-40 Josef Priller 6./JG51   19.20 5km E Folkestone
29-Jul-40 Josef Priller 6./JG51   08.40 5km N Dover
14-Aug-40 Josef Priller 6./JG51   13.45 NW Dover
15-Aug-40 Josef Priller 6./JG51   16.15 1km E Clacton
16-Aug-40 Josef Priller 6./JG51   13.35 10km E Canterbury
24-Aug-40 Josef Priller 6./JG51   13.55 7km East of Margate
24-Aug-40 Josef Priller 6./JG51   14.10 2km East of Margate
26-Aug-40 Josef Priller 6./JG51   18.57 5km West of Boulogne
07-Oct-40 Josef Priller 6./JG51   11.35 20km North of Canterbury
07-Oct-40 Josef Priller 6./JG51   17.40 Thames Estuary
15-Oct-40 Josef Priller 6./JG51   13.10 10km SW Dover
15-Oct-40 Josef Priller 6./JG51   13.15 15km West of Dover
17-Oct-40 Josef Priller 6./JG51   16.35 Tunbridge Wells
16-Jun-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   16.35 Boulogne
16-Jun-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   16.45 SW Boulogne
17-Jun-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   19.42 West of Cap Gris Nez
21-Jun-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   12.40 SW Ramsgate
23-Jun-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   13.35 S Somme-Mundung
25-Jun-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   13.00 West of Gravelines
27-Jun-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   10.00 SW Gravelines
30-Jun-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   18.56 10km NW St Inglevert
02-Jul-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   12.45 10km W Lille
04-Jul-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   14.55 10km SW St Omer
05-Jul-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   13.40 NW Dunkirk
07-Jul-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   10.00 N Gravelines
07-Jul-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   10.47 West of Somme-Mundung
08-Jul-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   15.30 10km N St Omer
09-Jul-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   14.00 S Aire
09-Jul-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   14.10 2km S Calais
10-Jul-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   12.40 NW Boulogne
10-Jul-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   12.30 N St Omer
11-Jul-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   16.10 West of Calais
14-Jul-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   10.30 South of Dunkirk
19-Jul-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   14.35 5km vor Dover
22-Jul-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   13.40 10km W Gravelines
23-Jul-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   14.05 15km NW Gravelines-Calais
24-Jul-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   14.45 7km NW Dunkirk
07-Aug-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   11.30 5km NW Calais
07-Aug-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   18.20 8km West of Calais
04-Sep-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   17.30 NW Bethune
17-Sep-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   15.35 5km S Calais
18-Sep-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   16.25 5km W Dungness
01-Oct-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   14.57 Kanal Mitte
01-Oct-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   15.34 West of Boulogne
12-Oct-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   13.25 5km E Berck-sur-Mer
13-Oct-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   15.30 5km West of Berck-sur-Mer
21-Oct-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   12.55 4km W Etaples
21-Oct-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   13.05 15km NNW Le Touquet
27-Oct-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26   13.15 5km North of Watten
08-Nov-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26 4000m 12.50 N Bethune
08-Nov-41 Josef Priller 1./JG26 10m 13.10 3-5km off Gravelines-Calais
03-Jan-42 Josef Priller Stab III./JG26 10m 15.38 5km NW Calais
27-Mar-42 Josef Priller Stab III./JG26   16.40 10km W Ostend
28-Mar-42 Josef Priller Stab III./JG26   18.50 Cap Gris Nez - Cap Blanc Nez
04-Apr-42 Josef Priller Stab III./JG26   14.15 Kanal Calais-Dover
12-Apr-42 Josef Priller Stab III./JG26   13.45-50 N Gravelines
12-Apr-42 Josef Priller Stab III./JG26     Boulogne
16-Apr-42 Josef Priller Stab III./JG26   18.26 5km N Calais
25-Apr-42 Josef Priller Stab III./JG26   16.54 10km West of St Etienne
27-Apr-42 Josef Priller Stab III./JG26 2500m 12.30 15km NW Gravelines
27-Apr-42 Josef Priller Stab III./JG26   12.25 South of Ardres
28-Apr-42 Josef Priller Stab III./JG26   11.55 Dunkirk-Gravelines
01-May-42 Josef Priller Stab III./JG26   19.30 5km N Calais
05-May-42 Josef Priller Stab III./JG26   15.40-45 11km SW Ypres
09-May-42 Josef Priller Stab III./JG26   13.40 3km N Gravelines
17-May-42 Josef Priller Stab III./JG26   11.33-35 South of Guines-Audembert
01-Jun-42 Josef Priller Stab III./JG26   13.45 5km N Blankenberge
22-Jun-42 Josef Priller Stab III../JG26 8500m 12.10-15 30km N Gravelines
15-Jul-42 Josef Priller Stab III./JG26   15.38 8km NE Dover
30-Jul-42 Josef Priller Stab III./JG26   19.00 Gravelines
21-Aug-42 Josef Priller Stab III./JG26   11.10 Sea 50km N Gravelines
29-Aug-42 Josef Priller Stab III./JG26 4000m 11.46 15km NW Cap Gris Nez
09-Oct-42 Josef Priller Stab III./JG26 B-24 Liberator   10.35-40 SW Roubaix-Wevelgem
04-Dec-42 Josef Priller Stab III./JG26 4000m 14.40 20km S Dover
06-Dec-42 Josef Priller Stab III./JG26 4000-2000m 12.10 5-6km S Lille
20-Dec-42 Josef Priller Stab III./JG26 B-24 Liberator 6000-7000m 12.02 Seine-Bogen
20-Jan-43 Josef Priller Stab /JG26 3000-4000m 11.35 N Canterbury
08-Mar-43 Josef Priller Stab /JG26 7-8000m 14.15 8km NW St Valery-en-Caux
05-Apr-43 Josef Priller Stab /JG26 B-17 Fortress 7500m 15.12 Ostende
04-May-43 Josef Priller Stab /JG26 7000m 18.42 NW Antwerpen
13-May-43 Josef Priller Stab /JG26 6000m 16.46 8km NW Etaples
13-May-43 Josef Priller Stab /JG26 B-17 Fortress 7500m 16.24 Amplier (12km ssE Frevent)
16-May-43 Josef Priller Stab /JG26 P-47 Thunderbolt 7000-2000m 13.12 Scheldemundung
22-Jun-43 Josef Priller Stab /JG26 B-17 Fortress 8000-20m 09.32 Terneuzen
26-Jun-43 Josef Priller Stab /JG26 B-17 Fortress 7000m 18.54 Le Treport-Dieppe
17-Aug-43 Josef Priller Stab /JG26 B-17 Fortress 7000m 17.45 M- 7 (2km NE Diest)
19-Aug-43 Josef Priller Stab /JG26 B-17 Fortress 7000m 19.00 Middelburg-Vlissinghen
21-Sep-43 Josef Priller Stab /JG26 B-25 Mitchell 4000m 10.45 N St Pol
20-Oct-43 Josef Priller Stab /JG26 B-17 Fortress Hss   13.45 SE Arras-Cambrai
13-Apr-44 Josef Priller Stab /JG26 B-17 Fortress 4-500m 14.15 NE-36 (Bourbourg-Watten) 1410-
07-Jun-44 Josef Priller Stab /JG26 P-51 Mustang 600m 13.50 TU-7-8 (Thaon NW Caen)
07-Jun-44 Josef Priller Stab /JG26 P-47 Thunderbolt 3500m 19.00 UC-3-6 Seinebogen
11-Jun-44 Josef Priller Stab /JG26 P-38 Lightning 3000m 15.35 SF-TF (Roye-Compiegne)
15-Jun-44 Josef Priller Stab /JG26 B-24 Liberator 6000-7000m 07.10 AB-BB (LAigle area)
12-Oct-44 Josef Priller Stab /JG26 P-51 Mustang 6-7000m 11.23 GT-6 (E Petershagen)

Knights Cross

Rolf Pingel

A thorough examination of the photographs of Hptm. Pingel's Bf109F-2, captured in early July 1941, gives every indication that, as with the earlier Bf-109 E-4 and E-7 models, it was finished in an RLM 02/71/65 camouflage. Described in the Preliminary Site Report on Pingel's aircraft as 'dark olive green', this scheme is reported also to have been applied to all F-0 and F-l variants as well as aircraft in the early production F-2 series.

On 24 June 1941, however, the RLM had issued an order which officially approved the changeover to a new day fighter scheme incorporating the colours 74 and 75 over 76. Soon afterwards, on 15 August, Messerschmitt AG issued a painting guide, Oberflachenschutzliste 8 Os 109 F u g, which particularly applied to the Bf109F and the early Bf109G series. This guide specified that colours 74 and 75 were to be applied to the upper surfaces in approximately equal areas with a soft demarcation between them, while the sides of the fuselage, fin and rudder assemblies and all undersurfaces were to be finished in RLM 76. Fuselage mottling was to be applied softly to each side of the fuselage and fin and rudder assembly in approximately equal amounts of colours 02, 70 and 74. Messerschmitt AG's guide also specified that the spinner was to be painted in three colours, with the main body finished in RLM 70, a one-third segment in white and the forward, nose section in 76. However, as is clear from photographs, few service machines had the 76 cap.

In view of the variety of finishes which proliferated during the Battle of Britain, the RLM order was clearly intended to standardize the camouflage finish on German fighters and ensure that they all conformed to one general specification, eventually confirmed in November 1941 with the re-issue of L.Dv.521/1 and 2. In practice, however, no two aircraft would be identical since the fuselage finish in particular was applied freehand, i.e. without masking or stencils. Differences due to variations in the taste and skill of the painters were therefore permissible.

As a further note on colours, in June-July 1941 the German High Command issued orders that, henceforth, only the lower nose on the Bf109 was to be painted yellow. Thus the completely yellow (or, occasionally white) cowlings which had been such a feature during the Battle of Britain gradually disappeared, but the use of the yellow undercowling remained on many types of German aircraft virtually to the end of the war. Even in the Mediterranean, where white wingtip and white fuselage theatre markings were the norm, the yellow undercowling was still widely employed.

The uppersurface scheme on Hptm Pingel's aircraft conformed to the prescribed pattern and had soft-edged demarcation lines rather than the usual angular splinter pattern.

On 5 November, Hptm. Rolf Pingel, the Kommandeur of I./JG26, claimed his 17th victory, a Spitfire, possibly of 19Sqn.

Rolf Peter Pingel

Rolf Peter Pingel was born on 1 October 1913 at Kiel. Following completion of his flying training, Leutnant Pingel was posted to the newly formed I./JG134 based at Wiesbaden-Erbenheim on 15 March 1937. Pingel served in the Spanish Civil War with the Condor Legion from September 1937. Leutnant Pingel was assigned to 2. Staffel of J 88. He recorded six victories, flying some 200 missions, during his service in Spain. He was awarded the Spanienkreuz in Gold mit Schwerten for his achievements in that conflict. On his return to Germany, Pingel was appointed Staffelkapitän of 2./JG334 on 1 October 1937. On 1 November 1938, 2./JG334 was redesignated 2./JG133 and 2./JG53 on 1 March 1939. Oberleutnant Pingel shot down a French Mureaux 113 army reconnaisance aircraft over Saarlautern on 10 September 1939 for his first victory in World War 2. On 30 September, he led 2./JG53 in a successful interception of five RAF Battle single-engine bombers attempting a reconnaisance over the Saarbrücken-Merzig area. Four of the bombers were shot down, including one claimed by Pingel, and the fifth crash-landed on its return to base and was destroyed. On 5 June 1940, Hauptmann Werner Mölders was shot down by French fighters to become a prisoner of war. Hauptmann Pingel was temporarily placed in command of III./JG53 to replace Mölders.

On 11 June, Pingel shot down two French Morane fighters to record his 7th and 8th victories of World War 2. Pingel relinquished temporary command of III./JG53 to Hauptmann Harro Harder (22 victories, killed in action 12 August 1940) in July 1940. He returned as Staffelkapitän to 2./JG53. On 22 August 1940, Hauptmann Pingel reported to JG26 to take up the role of Gruppenkommandeur of I. Gruppe. He was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 14 September for 15 victories. On 28 September, Pingel shot down a RAF Hurricane fighter over Maidstone but his own aircraft, Bf-109E-4 (W.Nr. 3756), was badly damaged in the combat. He ditched near Hastings and was rescued by the German air-sea rescue services. It is thought that Pingel's victim in this engagement was the South African ace Albert Lewis (16 destroyed, 2.5 probable and 2 damaged victories) of 249Sqn, RAF who baled out badly burned. It is also thought that Pingel was, in turn, shot down by British ace John Beard (6 destroyed, 1 probable and 3 damaged victories) of 249 Sqn, RAF. Pingel achieved his 20th victory of World War 2 on 22 June 1941, when he shot down a RAF Spitfire fighter near Dunkirk in an engagement with the British Circus No. 18 attacking Hazebrouck. The British Circus No. 42 targeted Chocques on 10 July 1941. Three RAF Stirling four-engine bombers, accompanied by their fighter escort, were intercepted by Pingel's I./JG26. Pingel followed a damaged Stirling bomber back to England, further damaging its tail section. However, the gunners' return fire hit his Bf 109F-2 (W.Nr. 12764) <<+ in the engine. He descended to low altitude but was intercepted by Spitfires. He force-landed his aircraft in a grain field near Dover and was taken into captivity. He was promoted to the rank of Major during his imprisonment.

Rolf Pingel was credited with 28 victories in 550 combat missions, including 200 flown during the Spanish Civil War. Included in his total are six victories gained during the Spanish Civil War. All his World War 2 victories were recorded over the Western front.

No Date Time A/c Type Unit Location
1 5.6.1937 - I-15 2. J/88 Spain
2 8.7.1937 - SB-2 2. J/88 Spain
3 12.7.1937 - SB-2 2. J/88 Spain
4 12.7.1937 - I-16 2. J/88 Spain
5 16.7.1937 - I-16 2. J/88 Spain
6 22.8.1937 - I-16 2. J/88 Spain
7 10.9.1939 14:15 Mureaux 113 2./JG53 Ensdorf / Mureaux 113 (No 4) of GAO 1/506 of Armee de l'Air flown by Lt Leleu, 2 crew killed
8 30.9.1939 11:50 Battle 2./JG53 W Saarbrucken / Battle of 150 Sqn, RAF
9 14.5.1940 11:22 Bloch 151 2./JG53 S Sedan
10 14.5.1940 11:30 Bloch 151 2./JG53 S Sedan
11 14.5.1940 16:30 Battle 2./JG53 Sedan
12 26.5.1940 10:55 2./JG53 -
13 11.6.1940 11:55 Morane III./JG53 Reims-Epernay
14 11.6.1940 12:10 Morane III./JG53 SW Epernay
15 15.8.1940 - 2./JG53 Near Brest
16 18.8.1940 15:32 2./JG53 -
17 29.8.1940 20:06 I./JG26 Dungeness
18 29.8.1940 20:07 I./JG26 Dungeness
19 31.8.1940 - I./JG26 S London
20 7.9.1940 19:25 I./JG26 Tonbridge / Spitfire of 41 or 222 Sqn, RAF
21 14.9.1940 16:50 I./JG26 SE Maidstone / Hurricane of 253 Sqn, RAF
22 28.9.1940 14:40 I./JG26 Maidstone / Hurricane of 249 Sqn, RAF
23 5.11.1940 - I./JG26 E Gravesend / Spitfire of 19 Sqn, RAF
24 16.6.1941 16:35 I./JG26 SE Boulogne / Blenheim of 59 Sqn, RAF
25 16.6.1941 16:52 I./JG26 S Dungeness / Spitfire of 74 or 92 Sqn, RAF
26 22.6.1941 16:10 I./JG26 W Dunkirk / Spitfire of 609 or 611 Sqn, RAF
27 27.6.1941 21:43 I./JG26 Near Roubaix
28 2.7.1941 12:50 I./JG26 S Dunkirk

Victories : 28
Awards : Ritterkreuz (14 September 1940)
Units : J/88, JG53, JG26
http://www.luftwaffe.cz/pingel.html

Asisbiz Database of 21 aerial victories for Rolf Pingel

Date Pilot Name Unit EA Type Height Time Location
10-Sep-39 Rolf Pingel 2./JG53 Mureaux   14.15 Ensdorf
30-Sep-39 Rolf Pingel 2./JG53 Fairey Battle   11.50 West of Saarbrucken
14-May-40 Rolf Pingel 2./JG53 Bloch 151 2300m 11.22 S Sedan
14-May-40 Rolf Pingel 2./JG53 Bloch 151 5000m 11.30 S Sedan
14-May-40 Rolf Pingel 2./JG53 Fairey Battle   16.30 Sedan
26-May-40 Rolf Pingel 2./JG53   10.55  
11-Jun-40 Rolf Pingel Stab III./JG53 Morane 406   12.10 SW Epernay
11-Jun-40 Rolf Pingel Stab III./JG53 Morane 406 1500m 11.55 Reims-Epernay
15-Aug-40 Rolf Pingel 2./JG53      
18-Aug-40 Rolf Pingel 2./JG53   15.32  
29-Aug-40 Rolf Pingel Stab I./JG26   20.06 Dungeness
29-Aug-40 Rolf Pingel Stab I./JG26   20.07 Dungeness
31-Aug-40 Rolf Pingel Stab I./JG26 5000m 18.45 South of London
07-Sep-40 Rolf Pingel Stab I./JG26   19.25 Tonbridge
14-Sep-40 Rolf Pingel Stab I./JG26   16.50 SE Maidstone
28-Sep-40 Rolf Pingel Stab I./JG26   14.40 Maidstone
05-Nov-40 Rolf Pingel Stab I./JG26 7000m 17.05 E Gravesend
16-Jun-41 Rolf Pingel Stab I./JG26   16.52 S. Dungeness
16-Jun-41 Rolf Pingel Stab I./JG26   16.35 SE Boulogne
22-Jun-41 Rolf Pingel Stab I./JG26   16.10 W. Dunkirchen
02-Jul-41 Rolf Pingel Stab I./JG26   12.50 S. Dunkirchen

Luftwaffe Badge

Max Martin

Units: 3./ZG-26, Instr Duty, 8./JG-26 (11/40), Instr. Duty

Awards: EK 1 & 2, Wound Badge, Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Bf 110 in ZG-26, Bf 109E 'Blk 2', Bf 109F-2 'Black 4', Bf 109F-4 WNr 7122 'Black 3' (lost 9/41)

Remarks: WIA 17 September, 1941 when he collided with a Spitfire over St. Omer. He bailed successfully, but was out of combat for the rest of the year. Came to JG-26 with 3 victories while in ZG-26, with 29 combat missions. One known victory, his 1st, a Hurricane north of Etaples on 17 June, 1941. His 2nd, a Spitfire west of Boulogne on 21 June, 1941. His 3rd, a Spitfire at St. Omer on 2 July, 1941. His 4th, a Spitfire at St Omer on 9 July, 1941. A 5th, a P-40 into the sea west of Le Touquet on 20 July, 1941. His 6th, a Spitfire on 27 August, 1941, no location. His 7th, a Spitfire at St Omer/Longuenesse airfield on 17 September, 1941. An 8th, a P-38 at Lisieux-Bernay on 4 July, 1944. Flugbuch (1/39 to 8/43).

Asisbiz database list of 8 aerial victories for Max Martin

Date Pilot Name Unit Enemy A/C Type Height Time Location
Tuesday, June 17, 1941 Max Martin 8./JG26 Hurricane   19:45 N Etaples
Saturday, June 21, 1941 Max Martin 8./JG26 Spitfire   16:40 West of Boulogne
Wednesday, July 2, 1941 Max Martin 8./JG26 Spitfire   14:10 St. Omer
Wednesday, July 9, 1941 Max Martin 8./JG26 Spitfire   14:10 St Omer
Sunday, July 20, 1941 Max Martin 8./JG26 P-40 Warhawk   16:05 Kanal West of Le Touquet
Wednesday, August 27, 1941 Max Martin 8./JG26 Spitfire   08:10  
Wednesday, September 17, 1941 Max Martin 8./JG26 Spitfire   15:25 Flgpl St Omer/Longuenesse
Tuesday, July 4, 1944 Max Martin Stab III./JG26 P-38 Lightning   14:55 UA-UB Lisieux-Bernay

Luftwaffe Badge

Oswald Fischer

Units:Erg/JG-26 (9/41), 7/JG-26 (12/41), 10 (Jabo)/JG-26 (3/42)

Awards:EK 1 & 2, Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft:Bf 109E & F in Staffel, Bf 109F-4/B (Fighter-Bomber) WNr 7232 'White 11+bomb' (lost 5/20/42) in Jabo

Remarks:POW 20 May, 1942 and interned in Canada. Crash landed at Beachy Head, England as a result of return fire from the ship he had bombed. 31 Jabo missions. One known victory, his 1st, a Spitfire near Wevelghem on 17 December, 1941. 'White 11' was repaired by the British and flown in RAF No. 1426 Squadron.

Asisbiz Database of 1 aerial victories for Oswald Fischer

Date Pilot Name Unit Enemy A/C Type Height Time Location
17-Dec-41 Oswald Fischer 7./JG26     near Wevelghem

Luftwaffe Badge

Otto Görtz

Units:Erg/JG-26, 5/JG-26 (9/41), 10(Jabo)/JG-26 (3/42)

Awards:Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft:Bf 109E, Fw 190A, Bf 109F-4/R1 WNr 8352 'White 2+bomb' (lost 6/6/42)

Remarks:KIA 6 June, 1942 after being hit by British AA fire in the Bournemouth raid. He crashed into the Channel on the return flight. Note: I have seen this same AC referred to as 'Bf 109F-4/B', which is probably correct since he was in a Jabo Staffel. Alternate spelling: Gortz.

 

 Some of the most widely used Book References:

  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase One: July-August 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 1) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Eddie J Creek (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Two: August-September 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 2) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Three: September-October 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 3) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Four: November 1940-June 1941 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 4) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)

 Some of the most widely used Magazine References:

  • Airfix Magazines (English) - http://www.airfix.com/
  • Avions (French) - http://www.aerostories.org/~aerobiblio/rubrique10.html
  • FlyPast (English) - http://www.flypast.com/
  • Flugzeug Publikations GmbH (German) - http://vdmedien.com/flugzeug-publikations-gmbh-hersteller_verlag-vdm-heinz-nickel-33.html
  • Flugzeug Classic (German) - http://www.flugzeugclassic.de/
  • Klassiker (German) - http://shop.flugrevue.de/abo/klassiker-der-luftfahrt
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://boutique.editions-lariviere.fr/site/abonnement-le-fana-de-l-aviation-626-4-6.html
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://www.pdfmagazines.org/tags/Le+Fana+De+L+Aviation/
  • Osprey (English) - http://www.ospreypublishing.com/
  • Revi Magazines (Czech) - http://www.revi.cz/