1 Staffel I. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 3 'Udet' - 1./JG3

Messerschmitt Bf 109E4 1./JG3 (W6+) Heinz Schnabel crash-landed Kent

Profile 00: Bf 109E-4 of 1./JG3 flown by Lt. Heinz Schnabel. This aircraft, 'White 6', was finished in an 02/71 upper splinter scheme with the fuselage and fin sides lightly mottled in 02. The tips of the main wings and rudder were painted white as was the tip and one half of the spinner. The white Tatzelwurm Staffel emblem was thinly outlined in black and had a red tongue. Two red painted Abschuss bars were carried on the top of the rudder recording victories scored by the previous pilot of this aircraft.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E 1./JG3 (W6+) Schnabel crash-landed Kent 01-03

Photo's 01-03: At 08.40 hrs on 5 September, Lt. Heinz Schnabel took off to escort Do-17 bombers attacking Croydon. On the return flight, Spitfires and a Hurricane split Schnabel's aircraft off from its formation and damaged the engine, resulting in a forced landing in a field at Handen Farm near Aldington, Kent, at 10.10 hrs. One of the first tasks to be carried out on forced landed enemy aircraft was to render the guns safe and, in these photographs, soldiers of the Somerset Light Infantry remove the 7.9 mm ammunition from the MG 17 ammunition tanks of Schnabel's 'White 6' before the aircraft is inspected by a shepherd and his flock of sheep. Just visible is part of the white Tatzelwurm emblem of I./JG3, while the white painted tip of the port wing has been covered with earth to make it less visible from the air. This aircraft had two victory stripes on the tail but these, according to Schnabel, were scored by the previous pilot.

After capture, Heinz Schnabel was taken to the Handen farmhouse where the farmer's daughter repaired the torn sleeve of Schnabel's uniform as he explained to her mother the meaning of the white Tatzelwurm on his aircraft. At that time, Schnabel was not very fit as he was still recovering from a severe chest wound sustained during the French campaign, and first spent some time in hospital before being sent to the POW camp at Grisedale. Interestingly, Heinz Schnabel almost escaped from captivity in 1941 when he and Oblt. Harry Wappler, a former He-111 pilot from KG27, successfully stole a Miles Magister trainer from RAF Kingsnorth. Eventually becoming lost and running out of fuel, they forced landed the Magister near Great Yarmouth and were subsequently recaptured and ultimately sent to Canada for the duration of the war.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E3 1./JG3 White 2 von Herwarth Bittenfeld WNr 4865 over St Margarets Bay Kent 1940

Shortly after this photo was taken von Herwarth Bittenfeld was later shot down and became a POW on the . He was shot down by fighters at Runsell Farm, Bethersden

2 Staffel I. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 3 'Udet' - 2./JG3

Messerschmitt Bf 109E4 2.JG3 Walter Basell Stkz KF+SO WNr 2755 Ragensburg 1940

Messerschmitt Bf 109E3 2./JG 3 (Red 3+) France 1940

Messerschmitt Bf 109E-4 2./JG 3 (Red 4+) France 1940 00

Messerschmitt Bf 109E 2./JG3 (Black 4+) France 1940 01

Messerschmitt Bf 109E 2./JG 3 (Black 6+) Uffz. Keller Colombert, France August 1940 01

Photo 01: Demonstrating a weakness that plagued the Bf 109 in all its variants, the undercarriage of Uffz. Keller's 'Black 6' of 2./JG3 has collapsed while taxiing on a rough section of the landing ground at Colombert. The application of a light color, possibly the underside 65, can be seen along the leading edge of the wing and apart from the fuselage number, the aircraft is almost identical to Ofw. Lampskemper's 'Black 8' shown in the color profile.

Messerschmitt Bf 109 E-4 3./JG2 (Black 8+) Ofw. Bernhard Lampskemper WNr 5338 France Aug 1940 00

Profile 00: Messerschmitt Bf 109 E-4 of 2./JG3 flown by Ofw. Bernhard Lampskemper. 'Black 8', the Bf 109E-4 W.Nr. 5338 flown by Ofw. Bernhard Lampskemper of 2./JG3. On , this aircraft took off on a mid-afternoon freelance patrol and, with this aircraft flying some distance ahead of the other machines of the Staffel, had just crossed the English coast at a height of 22,000 feet, when it was attacked by Spitfires. The engine seized and Lampskemper glided down to a smooth crash-landing near the RDF station at Pevensey, barely damaging the aircraft and being captured unhurt despite being shot at from the ground by Bofors guns which badly damaged the undersurfaces when he had descended to 300 feet. The aircraft, Item 5 in A.I.1.(g) Crashed Enemy Aircraft Report No. 15 dated , was described as having olive green on the uppersurfaces, but was probably finished in an 02/71 scheme and, as with other JG3 aircraft of the period, the Blue 65 fuselage and fin sides would have carried a light mottling of 02 and 71. The wingtips, rudder and cowling were painted yellow, the latter extending back to the windscreen as shown in the profile. The spinner was painted half white and half 70, with the extreme tip finished in red. The Staffel Tatzelwurm emblem appeared on both sides of the cowling on a rectangular background of the original mottled finish, and was red with a thin black outline and yellow tongue. 

Messerschmitt Bf 109E 3./JG2 (Black 8+) Lampskemper WNr 5338 France Aug 1940 01

Photo 01: A photograph of a Luftwaffe mechanic posing with Ofw. Bernhard Lampskemper's aircraft, believed to be 'Black 8' as shown in the color profile.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E4B 2./JG 3 (Black 9+) Colombert, France Oct 1940 01

Photo's 01-02: Scenes at 2./JG3's dispersal at Colombert in late October as aircraft start their engines for the next mission. Engine cowlings are yellow and spinner caps and fairings over the tailwheel openings have recently been fitted. The last two letters 'LH' of the Stammkenzeichen are visible on the rear fuselage of 'Black 9' and, on the aircraft shown below, the entire fin, rudder and a section of the rear fuselage has been painted yellow.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E4 2./JG 3 (Black 13+) Helmut Tiedmann W.Nr 1990 shot down Kent 0A-0B

Profile 00: Oblt. Helmut Tiedmann's Bf 109E-4 'Black 13' of 2./JG3 which forced landed near Leeds Castle, Kent, during the early afternoon of 18 August. Finished in a 02/71 upper scheme, the sides of the fuselage carried a mottle of 02 which was applied less densely on the sides of the cowling towards the nose. The Tatzelwurm emblem was finished in the Staffel color of red with a yellow tongue, and the top segment of the rudder and the tips of the wings and tail planes were painted yellow. The forward section of the spinner was painted red with a thin white spiral.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E4 2./JG 3 (Black 13+) Helmut Tiedmann W.Nr 1990 shot down Kent 01-02

Photo's 01-02: Two views showing the Bf 109E-4 W.Nr 1990, 'Black 13' of the Staffelkapitan of 2./JG3 Oblt. Helmut Tiedmann after it was damaged in combat with RAF fighters and forced landed near Maidstone, Kent on 18 August 1940. Tiedmann, who escaped injury, managed to avoid capture for 12 hours before finally giving himself up. Although the RAF Intelligence Report on this aircraft states the spinner was red with white concentric bands, this is only partly correct as the red spinner was painted instead with a white spiral, as seen here. The aircraft has been partially camouflaged with bundles of corn to prevent any Luftwaffe attempt to destroy it before it may be examined.

3 Staffel I. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 3 'Udet' - 3./JG3

Messerschmitt Bf 109E 3./JG3 (Yellow 1+) France 1940

Messerschmitt Bf 109E 3./JG3 (Yellow 2+) background France Oct 1940 01

Photo 01: A Staffel of Bf109s from Hptm. Gunther Lutzow's JG3 with 'Yellow 9' parked closest to the camera. All aircraft have yellow noses and tails and the Tatzelwurm emblem appears on a masked-off background of the original camouflage finish.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E-3 3./JG3 (Yellow 4+) Helmut Rau belly-landed WNr 1082 Shoeburyness England 0A-0B

Profile 00: Messerschmitt Bf 109E3 flown by Oblt. Helmut Rau, Staffelkapitan of 3./JG3. Only some six weeks old when it forced landed on the sands at Shoeburyness on the evening of 31 August, Bf 109E-3 Werk Nummer 1082, 'Yellow 4', was flown by Obit. Helmut Rau, the Staffelkapihin of 3./JG3. Despite hazy weather conditions which made the prospect of a successful operation extremely doubtful, Oblt. Rau was nevertheless ordered to take part in a freie Jagd patrol to London, a city Rau knew well, having worked in a bank there before the war. After taking off at 16.30 hrs, the patrol was flying in two formations, each of eight aircraft, at 30,000 feet when they were attacked from the rear by British aircraft. As Oblt. Rau tried to climb higher in order to avoid the danger, he saw that his wingman had been shot down. Rau then dived to observe his falling wingman's aircraft and was himself hit, probably by a Spitfire of 603Sqn flown by P/0 'Rasp' Berry. This aircraft then made a forced landing on the beach at Shoeburyness. Finished in an 02/71 upper pattern the sides of the fuselage were lightly mottled with what is believed to have been 71. The fuselage Balkenkreuz were of slightly smaller proportions than usually seen on JG3 aircraft and the spinner was painted half white and half black or black-green 70 with the tip in the Staffel color of yellow. The Tatzelwurm emblem, applied to the port side only of the cowling, was yellow with a thin black outline. Three black Abschuss bars were carried on the fin above the aircraft Werk Nummer representing two Curtiss fighters destroyed on 14.5.40 and one Morane on 30.5.40.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E3 3./JG3 (Yellow 4+) Helmut Rau crash-landed England 01

Photo 01: Oblt. Helmut Rau's 'Yellow 4' attracts a huge crowd while on display in Bolton, Lancashire. Although stripped of most of its fabric areas, the aircraft still retains the three victory stripes on its tail.

Messerschmitt Bf 109 E-3 3./JG3 Yellow 7 flown by Uffz. Heinz Grabow Battle of Britain September 1940

Messerschmitt Bf 109E3 3./JG3 (Yellow 7+) Uffz. Heinz Grabow crash-landed Kent

Profile 00: Messerschmitt Bf 109E.3 flown by Uffz. Heinz Grabow, 3./JG3. The Bf 109E-3 'Yellow 7' of Uffz. Heinz Grabow of 3./JG3. On 5 September, the pilot of this aircraft took off from an airfield near Boulogne and, while acting as escort for ten Do 17s, had just made an orbit above the bombers when he was attacked by a British fighter. The engine was hit and Grabow, who had only been with his Geschwader for three weeks, made a forced landing. The aircraft was finished in a high demarcation 70/71 splinter scheme with a heavy mottle of what is believed to have been 02 and 71 on the fuselage sides with the uppersurfaces of the wings and tail planes also appearing to have a similar finish. The rudder, the tips of the main wings and one half of the spinner were painted white, the latter with a yellow tip. The white Tatzelwurm emblem was applied to both sides of the cowling and was thinly outlined in black with a red tongue. Aft of the Balkenkreuz and only carried on the starboard side was a white saltire on a small black disc, possibly indicating some association with 1.(J)/LG2, or a former connection with the Legion Condor.

Messerschmitt Bf 109 E-3 3./JG3 (Yellow 7+) Uffz. Heinz Grabow WNr 750 crash-landed Kent Sep 5, 1940 01

Photo's 01-02: Damaged during an escort mission on the morning of 5 September, Uffz. Heinz Grabow of 3./JG3 was forced to land his Bf 109E-3 at Wichling in Kent. Having been captured in reasonable condition, his aircraft was sent to Australia where it was displayed to aid recruiting for the Royal Australian Air Force. Although this aircraft had temporary white paint applied to the wing tips and rudder when it was shot down, as these photographs show, this had either worn off by the time the machine was exhibited in Australia or, as with many other aircraft used for display purposes, a replacement rudder from another aircraft has been fitted.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E 3./JG3 (Yellow 9+) Hptm. Gunther Lutzow France Oct 1940 01

Photo 01: A Staffel of Bf 109s from Hptm. Gunther Lutzow's JG3 with 'Yellow 9' parked closest to the camera. All aircraft have yellow noses and tails and the Tatzelwurm emblem appears on a masked-off background of the original camouflage finish.

Pilots JG3 Gunther Lutzow 1941 01

Photo 01: At the start of 'Barbarossa', Major Gunther Lutzow, since 21 August 1940 the Kommodore of JG3, had already been credited with 18 victories and had been awarded the Ritterkreuz on 18 September 1940. On 20 July 1941, Lutzow received the Oak Leaves in recognition of his 40th victory but, on the same day, he had already increased his score by claiming his 41st and 42nd victories. Here, Lutzow is seen (left) with his Adjutant, Oblt. Rudolf von Mentzingen, who had claimed his second victory on 1 August but who was later killed near Novaya Greblya, approximately 50 km NW of Kiev, on 10 August.

Pilots JG3 Gunther Lutzow 01-02

http://www.leisuregalleries.com/lutzow.jpg
http://www.leisuregalleries.com/lwlutzow.jpg

Pilots JG3 Wilhelm Balthasar Sep 1940 01

Photo 01: On 1 September, Hptm. Wilhelm Balthasar became Kommandeur of III./JG3. Three days later, on 4 September, the Gruppe took off to escort bombers to Canterbury but before reaching the target, became involved in an air battle over England with 222Sqn. In this action, Balthasar achieved his 24th Abschuss but, in the same combat, his aircraft received hits in the cockpit area and he was wounded in the leg. Nevertheless, Balthasar managed to fly back to his base where he made a perfect landing. Fifteen days later, although still not fully recovered, hence the need for the walking-stick in this photograph - Balthasar rejoined his unit and claimed five more victories including two Spitfires on 23 September and two more on 29 October. Only in November did he return to hospital to give his wounds the opportunity to heal.

Pilots JG3 Wilhelm Balthasar Sep 1940 02

Here Balthasar is probably still recuperating from leg wounds received on 4 September. On the left of the picture is the Kommodore of JG3, Walter Lutzow, and on the right is Oblt. Egon Troha, Staffelkapitan of 9./JG3, who was shot down and taken PoW on 29 October.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E4 Stab III./JG3 (Green 1+I) Wilhelm Balthasar WNr 1559 France Sep 1940

Messerschmitt Bf 109E4 Stab III./JG3 (Green 1+I) Wilhelm Balthasar WNr 1559 tail section Sep 1940 01

Photo 01: A particular custom within JG3 was the identification of air and ground victories by upward and downward pointing arrows. This is the tail of W.Nr.1559, the Bf 109E-4 flown by Hptm. Wilhelm Balthasar, Gruppenkommandeur of III./JG3 in September 1940, and is marked with a total of 41 Abschussbalken, of which twenty-seven represent air-to-air victories, the twenty-seventh being claimed on 27 September 1940, the same day that the GruppenAdjutant of III./JG3, Hptm. Herbert Eggers, also scored the Gruppe's 100th victory. Balthasar had previously been Staffelkapitan of 7./JG27 and when he was given command of III./JG3 on 28 August, he brought his aircraft, with him.

 
 IL-2 Sturmovik 'Cliff's of Dover' - COD game skins
COD game skin by CF Bf 109E3 3/.JG3 (Yellow 4+) Helmut Rau France 1940
COD game skin by CF Bf 109E3 3/.JG3 (Yellow 4+) Helmut Rau France 1940 NM
COD game skin by CF Bf 109E4 3/.JG3 Gunther Lutzow St Omer Sep 1940
COD game skin by CF Bf 109E4 3/.JG3 Gunther Lutzow St Omer Sep 1940 NM
This aircraft was flown by an unknown pilot of 3./JG3 CptFarrels:cptfarrel@cptfarrels.com http://www.cptfarrels.com/
Bf109E-3 skin for Il-2 Sturmovik - Cliffs of Dover by Cpt Farrel - Anders Hjortsberg
This aircraft was flown by Helmut Rau. Staffelkapitän of 3./JG3, August 1940
To install: Place the skin in your Cliffs of Dover folder: C:\Documents\1C SoftClub\il-2 sturmovik cliffs of dover\PaintSchemes\Skins\Bf-109E-3
CF cptfarrels
http://www.cptfarrels.com/
COD game skin by ES Bf 109E3 2/.JG3 (R3+) France 1940
COD game skin by ES Bf 109E3 2/.JG3 (R3+) France 1940 NC
COD game skin by ES Bf 109E3 2/.JG3 (R3+) France 1940 NM
COD game skin by ES Bf 109E3 2/.JG3 (R3+) France 1940 SNM
COD game skin by ES Bf 109E3 3/.JG3 (Y7+) Heinz Grabow WNr 0750 France 1940
COD game skin by ES Bf 109E3 3/.JG3 (Y7+) Heinz Grabow WNr 0750 France 1940 NM
COD game skin by ES Bf 109E3 3/.JG3 (Y7+) Heinz Grabow WNr 0750 France 1940 SNM
COD game skin by ES Bf 109E4 1/.JG3 (W6+) Heinz Schnabel France 1940
COD game skin by ES Bf 109E4 1/.JG3 (W6+) Heinz Schnabel France 1940 NC
COD game skin by ES Bf 109E4 1/.JG3 (W6+) Heinz Schnabel France 1940 NM
COD game skin by ES Bf 109E4 1/.JG3 (W6+) Heinz Schnabel France 1940 SNM
COD game skin by ES Bf 109E4 2/.JG3 (B13+) Helmut Tiedmann France 1940
COD game skin by ES Bf 109E4 2/.JG3 (B13+) Helmut Tiedmann France 1940 NC
COD game skin by ES Bf 109E4 2/.JG3 (B13+) Helmut Tiedmann France 1940 NM
COD game skin by ES Bf 109E4 2/.JG3 (B13+) Helmut Tiedmann France 1940 SNM
COD game skin by ES Bf 109E4 2/.JG3 (B9+) Colombert France Oct 1940
COD game skin by ES Bf 109E4 2/.JG3 (B9+) Colombert France Oct 1940 NC
COD game skin by ES Bf 109E4 2/.JG3 (B9+) Colombert France Oct 1940 NM
COD game skin by ES Bf 109E4 2/.JG3 (B9+) Colombert France Oct 1940 SNM
ES Erik Schramm http://www.adlerhorst-hangar.com/

 

Luftwaffe Badge

Luftwaffe pilot von Herwarth-Bittenfeld

Units: 1./JG-3 (Channel)

Awards: Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Bf 109E-1 WNr 4865 'White 2' (lost )

Remarks: POW after being shot down by fighters at Runsell Farm, Bethersden

Luftwaffe Badge

Luftwaffe pilot Heinz Schnabel

Units: 1/JG-3 (5/40 Channel), 2/JG-3

Awards: EK 1 & 2, Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Bf 109E-4 WNr 1985 'White 6' (lost )

Remarks: POW after aerial combat, force landing at Handen Farm, Chapfall, near Aldington, Kent. He nearly escaped in 1941, stole a Magister, but ran out of fuel. His first three victories, all Blenheims; two W of St Quentin and one west of Le Cateau, 17 May, 1940. His 4th while in 2 Staffel, a Spitfire at Philippeville, 19 May, 1940. His 5th a Spitfire SE of Cambridge on 28 August, 1940. His 6th a Spitfire E of London on 31 August, 1940.

Luftwaffe pilot Asisbiz list of 6 aerial victories for Heinz Schnabel

Date Pilot Name Unit Enemy A/C Type Height Time Location
17-May-40 Heinz Schnabel 1./JG3   08.20± West of St Quentin
17-May-40 Heinz Schnabel 1./JG3   08.20± West of St Quentin
17-May-40 Heinz Schnabel 1./JG3     West of Le Cateau
19-May-40 Heinz Schnabel 2./JG3   16.40 Philippeville
28-Aug-40 Heinz Schnabel 1./JG3     SE Cambridge
31-Aug-40 Heinz Schnabel 1./JG3     East of London

Luftwaffe Badge

Luftwaffe pilot Uffz. Keller

Units: I./JG-3 (Channel)

Awards: Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Bf 109E-1 WNr 3882 (50% dam 9/5/40), Bf 109E-4 WNr 3554 (20% dam 10/5/40)

Remarks: Keller crashed his E-4 at St Ingelvert on 5 October, 1940 after combat. He was not injured. One month earlier, 5 September, 1940, he made an emergency landing at Calais after being damaged in combat. This may be one of the many Keller's on record. No given name reported.

Luftwaffe Badge

Luftwaffe pilot Bernard Lampskemper

Units: 2./JG-3 (Channel)

Awards: EK 2, Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Bf 109E-4 WNr 5338 'Black 8' (lost )

Remarks: POW 29 August, 1940 after his AC was damaged in combat by F/O Booth of He made an emergency landing at Pevensey, Kent. One known victory, his 1st, a Hurricane west of Douai, . His 2nd, a Hurricane at Abbeville, .

Luftwaffe pilot Asisbiz database list of 2 aerial victories for Bernard Lampskemper

Date Pilot Name Unit Enemy A/C Type Height Time Location
Bernhard Lampskemper 2./JG3   13.10 West of Douai
Bernhard Lampskemper 2./JG3     Abbeville

Luftwaffe Badge

Luftwaffe pilot Helmut Tiedmann

Luftwaffe pilot Asisbiz list of 7 aerial victories for Helmut Tiedmann

Awards: EK 1 & 2, Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Bf 109E-4 WNr 1990 'Black 13' (lost )

Remarks: POW ; damaged during aerial combat, force landed at Maidstone. One known victory, his 1st, a Morane 406 northwest of Charleroi, 16 May, 1940.Magnus. His 2nd, a Hurricane north of Arras, 19 May, 1940. His 3rd, a Hurricane west of Douai, 22 May, 1940. His 4th a Wellington at Dunkirk on 29 May, 1940. His 5th a Hurricane at Abbeville, 7 June, 1940. His 6th a Battle near Evreux, 14 June, 1940. His 7th a Hurricane on , no location.

Date Pilot Name Unit Enemy A/C Type Height Time Location
Thursday, May 16, 1940 Helmut Tiedmann 2./JG3 Morane 406   19:25 ± NW Charleroi
Sunday, May 19, 1940 Helmut Tiedmann 2./JG3   12:40 N Arras
Wednesday, May 22, 1940 Helmut Tiedmann 2./JG3   13:10 West of Douai
Wednesday, May 29, 1940 Helmut Tiedmann 2./JG3 Wellington   20:00 Dunkirk
Friday, June 07, 1940 Helmut Tiedmann 2./JG3     Abbeville
Friday, June 14, 1940 Helmut Tiedmann 2./JG3 Fairey Battle     Raum Evreux
Helmut Tiedmann 2./JG3      

Luftwaffe Badge

Luftwaffe pilot Heinz Grabow

Awards: Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Bf 109E-3 WNr 0750 'Yellow 7' (lost 9/5/40)

Remarks: POW ; while on a Do 17 escort mission over England, he crashed-landed near Wichling, Faversham, Kent after combat. His AC was relatively intact and was displayed at War Bond rallies and then sent to Australia. He had joined JG-3 only three weeks prior to this incident. Source: David Wishowsky.

Luftwaffe pilot No none aerial victories for Heinz Grabow

Luftwaffe Badge

Luftwaffe pilot Helmut Rau

Units: Stab I./JG-3, Stfkpt 3./JG-3 (8/40 Channel)

Awards: EK 1 & 2, Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Bf 109E-4 WNr 1082 'Yellow 4' (lost 8/31/40)

Remarks: POW after being shot down by F/O Berry of RAF No. 603 Sq., and making an emergency landing at Shoeburyness, Essex. One known victory, a Morane northwest of Dinant, . His 2nd & 3rd, both Hawk-75A's northwest of Dinant, . His 4th a at Dunkirk, .

Luftwaffe pilot Asisbiz list of 4 aerial victories for Helmut Rau

Date Pilot Name Unit Enemy A/C Type Height Time Location
Helmut Rau Stab I./JG3 Morane   NW Dinant
Helmut Rau Stab I./JG3 Hawk-75A   20.20± NW Dinant
Helmut Rau Stab I./JG3 Hawk-75A   20.20± NW Dinant
Helmut Rau Stab I./JG3   Dunkirk

Knights Cross

Luftwaffe pilot Major Wilhelm Balthasar

Major Wilhelm Balthasar was born on 2 February 1914 at Fulda in Hessen. He served in an Artillery Regiment from 1933 but transferred as a Leutnant to the Luftwaffe in 1935. In November 1936, Balthasar joined the Condor Legion serving with the Aufklärerkette of Kampfgruppe K/88. He gained his first victory of the Spanish Civil War when, while on a reconnaisance mission, he shot down a Republican I-16 on 20 January 1937. On 15 March 1937, he joined Aufklärungsgruppe A/88 flying He 112s. He joined Jagdgruppe J/88 in September 1937. He gained a futher six victories with this unit including four SB-2 bombers shot down in one mission on 7 February 1938. He returned to Germany on 23 March 1938. In the 17 months he served in Spain, Balthasar had flown 465 combat missions. He was awarded the Spanienkreuz in Gold mit Schwertern und Brillanten in recognition of his feats there.

At the beginning of World War 2, Balthasar was Staffelkapitän of 1./JG1 and participated in the invasion of Poland. With the Blitzkreig of the low-countries and France, Balthasar was soon making his mark shooting down three Belgian Gladiator biplane fighters and a French Morane fighter on 11 May 1940. He claimed five French victims on 5 June, to record his 20th
through 24th victories, and claimed a further four on 6 June (25-28).

On 14 June, Hauptmann Balthasar was awarded the Ritterkreuz, only the second fighter pilot, behind Werner Mölders (115 victories, RK-Br, killed in flying accident 22 November 1941), to be so rewarded. In addition, he claimed 13 aircraft destroyed on the ground. He was considered the most successful German fighter pilot of the French campaign. On 5 July, 1./JG1 was renamed 7./JG27. On 1 September 1940, Balthasar was appointed Gruppenkommandeur of III./JG3. On 4 September, he was seriously wounded in leg over Canterbury in England in aerial combat with Spitfire fighters from 222 Squadron RAF. Despite the severity of his wounds, Balthasar was flying operationally 14 days later. On 23 September he shot down two Spitfires with only 88 bullets from cannons and MG`s. He claimed a further three victories before having to submit to hospital treatment for his wounds in November.

Major Balthasar was appointed Kommodore of JG2 on 16 February 1941. Between 22 June and 27 June, he shot down nine enemy aircraft, including five RAF Blenheim twin-engine bombers on 23 June (32-40). He was awarded the Eichenlaub (Nr 17) for 40 victories on 2 July. On 3 July 1941, Balthasar killed in aerial combat with RAF fighters near Aire, France. When Baltasar attempted to disengage from combat in Bf 109 F-4 (W.Nr. 7066) by diving, a wing of his aircraft folded and he crashed to his death southeast of St Omer. He was posthumously promoted to the rank of Major and buried in a World War 1 cemetary in Flanders alongside his father, who had fallen in the earlier conflict. Wilhelm Balthasar was credited with 47 victories. In 1939-41 he flew about 300 combat missions. Seven of his victories were recorded during the Spanish Civil War.

Luftwaffe pilot List of 47 aerial victories for Wilhelm Balthasar

No Date Time A/c Type Unit Location / Comments
1. 20.1.1937 - I-16 K/88 Spain
2. 20.1.1938 - I-16 1./J 88 Spain
3. 7.2.1938 - SB-2 2./J 88 Spain
4. 7.2.1938 - SB-2 2./J 88 Spain
5. 7.2.1938 - SB-2 2./J 88 Spain
6. 7.2.1938 - SB-2 2./J 88 Spain
8. 11.5.1940 6:55 Gladiator 1./JG1 Albert Canal / Gladiator of 1/I/2 of Aeronautique Militaire Belge
9. 11.5.1940 - Gladiator 1./JG1 Albert Canal / Gladiator of 1/I/2 of Aeronautique Militaire Belge
10. 11.5.1940 6:58 Gladiator 1./JG1 Albert Canal / Gladiator of 1/I/2 of Aeronautique Militaire Belge
11. 11.5.1940 19:51 Morane 1./JG1 W Maastricht
12. 13.5.1940 6:15 1./JG1 Jodoigne
13. 17.5.1940 13:55 Hawk 75A 1./JG1 Compiegnie
14. 19.5.1940 13:50 Lysander 1./JG1 Amiens / Lysander of 16Sqn RAF
15. 23.5.1940 14:10 1./JG1 Douai
16. 23.5.1940 14:20 1./JG1 Douai
17. 23.5.1940 14:40 1./JG1 Douai
18. 26.5.1940 - 1./JG1 Calais / Spitfire of 19Sqn RAF
19. 26.5.1940 10:03 1./JG1 Calais / Spitfire of 19Sqn RAF
20. 5.6.1940 10:40 LeO 451 1./JG1 Montdidier
21. 5.6.1940 10:48 Potez 63 1./JG1 Nesle
22. 5.6.1940 10:50 LeO 451 1./JG1 Nesle
23. 5.6.1940 21:20 Morane 1./JG1 Roye
24. 5.6.1940 21:30 Morane 1./JG1 Roye
25. 6.6.1940 16:40 Morane 1./JG1 Roye
26. 6.6.1940 16:50 LeO 451 1./JG1 Roye
27. 6.6.1940 16:55 LeO 451 1./JG1 Roye
28. 6.6.1940 17:05 LeO 451 1./JG1 Ham
29. 13.6.1940 17:50 Potez 63 1./JG1 Provins / Potez 63 (Nr 205) of GR I/14, Armée de l'Air, crash-landed on Troyes a/f
30. 13.6.1940 18:20 1./JG1 Sézanne
31. 4.9.1940 11:00 Stab III./JG3  
32. 23.9.1940 11:06 Stab III./JG3  
33. 23.9.1940 11:20 Stab III./JG3  
34. 27.9.1940 14:25 Stab III./JG3  
35. 29.10.1940 16:40 Stab III./JG3  
36. 29.10.1940 16:45 Stab III./JG3  
37. 17.5.1941 18:55 Stab JG2 Dover Straits
38. 19.5.1941 20:20 Stab JG2 S Isle of Wight
39. 22.6.1941 16:00 Stab JG2 St Omer-Gravelines
40. 22.6.1941 16:02 Stab JG2 St Omer-Gravelines
41. 23.6.1941 20:30 Stab JG2 Dunkirk-Mardyck
42. 23.6.1941 20:33 Stab JG2 10km N Dunkirk
43. 24.6.1941 20:50 Stab JG2 Gravelines-Ramsgate
44. 25.6.1941 13:00 Stab JG2 Hazebrouck-Gravelines
45. 25.6.1941 16:45 Stab JG2 St Omer-Boulogne
46. 27.6.1941 22:03 Stab JG2 Lille-Gravelines
47. 27.6.1941 22:07 Stab JG2 Lille-Gravelines

Victories : 47
Awards : Ritterkreuz (14 June 1940)
Eichenlaub (2 July 1941)
Units : J/88, JG1, JG27, JG3, JG2
http://www.luftwaffe.cz/balthasar.html Aces of the Luftwaffe - Wilhelm Balthasar

Luftwaffe pilot Asisbiz list of 47 aerial victories for Wilhelm Balthasar

Date Pilot Name Unit Enemy A/C Type Height Time Location
11-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Gladiator   06.55 Maastricht
11-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Gladiator   06.58 Maastricht
11-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Morane   19.51 West of Maastricht
11-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Gladiator     Raum Maastricht
13-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1   06.15 Jodoigne SSW Tienen
17-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Hawk-75A   13.55 Compiegne
19-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Lysander   13.50 Amiens
23-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1   14.20 Douai
23-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1   14.10 Douai
23-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1   14.40 Douai
26-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1     Raum Calais
26-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1   10.03 Raum Calais
05-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 LeO 451   10.40 Montdidier
05-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Morane 406   21.30 Roye
05-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Morane 406   21.20 Roye
05-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 LeO 451   10.50 Nesle
05-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Potez 63   10.48 Nesle
06-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 LeO 451   16.50 Roye
06-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 LeO 451   17.05 Ham
06-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Morane 406   16.40 Roye
06-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 LeO 451   16.50 Roye
06-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 LeO 451   16.55 Roye
13-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Potez 63   17.50 Provins
13-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1   18.20 Sezanne
13-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Potez 63   17.50 Provins
04-Sep-40 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab III./JG3   11.00 SE London
23-Sep-40 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab III./JG3   11.20 North of Cap Gris Nez
23-Sep-40 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab III./JG3   11.06 South of Chatham
27-Sep-40 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab III./JG3   14.25  
29-Oct-40 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab III./JG3   16.45  
29-Oct-40 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab III./JG3   16.40  
17-May-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   18.55 Dover Straits
19-May-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   20.20 S Isle of Wight
22-Jun-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   16.00  
22-Jun-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   16.02  
23-Jun-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   20.30  
23-Jun-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   20.33  
24-Jun-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   20.50  
25-Jun-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   13.00  
25-Jun-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   16.45  
27-Jun-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   22.03  
27-Jun-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   22.07  

 

 Some of the most widely used Book References:

  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase One: July-August 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 1) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Eddie J Creek (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Two: August-September 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 2) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Three: September-October 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 3) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Four: November 1940-June 1941 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 4) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)

 Some of the most widely used Magazine References:

  • Airfix Magazines (English) - http://www.airfix.com/
  • Avions (French) - http://www.aerostories.org/~aerobiblio/rubrique10.html
  • FlyPast (English) - http://www.flypast.com/
  • Flugzeug Publikations GmbH (German) - http://vdmedien.com/flugzeug-publikations-gmbh-hersteller_verlag-vdm-heinz-nickel-33.html
  • Flugzeug Classic (German) - http://www.flugzeugclassic.de/
  • Klassiker (German) - http://shop.flugrevue.de/abo/klassiker-der-luftfahrt
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://boutique.editions-lariviere.fr/site/abonnement-le-fana-de-l-aviation-626-4-6.html
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://www.pdfmagazines.org/tags/Le+Fana+De+L+Aviation/
  • Osprey (English) - http://www.ospreypublishing.com/
  • Revi Magazines (Czech) - http://www.revi.cz/