III. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 27 - III./JG27

7. Staffel III. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 27 - 7./JG27

Messerschmitt Bf 109E 3./JG3 (W1+) Balthasar tail section Sep 1940 01

Photo 01: A particular custom within JG3 was the identification of air and ground victories by upward and downward pointing arrows. This is the tail of W.Nr.1559, the Bf 109E-4 flown by Hptm. Wilhelm Balthasar, Gruppenkommandeur of III./JG3 in September 1940, and is marked with a total of 41 Abschussbalken, of which twenty-seven represent air-to-air victories, the twenty-seventh being claimed on 27 September 1940, the same day that the GruppenAdjutant of III./JG3, Hptm. Herbert Eggers, also scored the Gruppe's 100th victory. Balthasar had previously been Staffelkapitan of 7./JG27 and when he was given command of III./JG3 on 28 August, he brought his aircraft, with him.

Pilots 3./JG3 Wilhelm Balthasar Sep 1940 01

Photo 01: On 1 September, Hptm. Wilhelm Balthasar became Kommandeur of III./JG3. Three days later, on 4 September, the Gruppe took off to escort bombers to Canterbury but before reaching the target, became involved in an air battle over England with 222Sqn. In this action, Balthasar achieved his 24th Abschuss but, in the same combat, his aircraft received hits in the cockpit area and he was wounded in the leg. Nevertheless, Balthasar managed to fly back to his base where he made a perfect landing. Fifteen days later, although still not fully recovered, hence the need for the walking-stick in this photograph - Balthasar rejoined his unit and claimed five more victories including two Spitfires on 23 September and two more on 29 October. Only in November did he return to hospital to give his wounds the opportunity to heal.

Pilots 3./JG3 Wilhelm Balthasar Sep 1940 02

Here Balthasar is probably still recuperating from leg wounds received on 4 September. On the left of the picture is the Kommodore of JG3, Walter Lutzow, and on the right is Oblt. Egon Troha, Staffelkapitan of 9./JG3, who was shot down and taken PoW on 29 October.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E-1 7./JG27 (W9+) Werk Nr 4851 Karl Fischer crash-landed Windsor

Profile 00: Messerschmitt Bf 109E.1 of 7./JG27 flown by Oblt. Karl Fischer, Bf 109E-1 'White 9' of JG27 was finished in an 02/71 upper scheme with the fin and fuselage sides carrying a fairly heavily applied mottle of 02 through which the overpainted Stammkennzeichen PH+LV was still faintly visible. The rear half of the spinner was painted white with the forward section remaining in black-green. The upper and lower cowlings and rudder were painted yellow with the white '9' on the cowling sides appearing on a masked-off vertical rectangle of the fuselage mottling. Although an E-1, the aircraft was fitted with the later, heavier framed canopy which had probably helped the pilot to escape injury when the aircraft overturned while forced landing in Windsor Great Park on

Messerschmitt Bf 109E1 7./JG27 (W9+) Karl Fischer crash-landed Windsor Park 01-02

Photo's 01-02: Oblt. Karl Fischer of 7./JG27 was flying a bomber escort mission on when, on the way to the target, the formation was attacked by fighters. Although this aircraft became involved in a dogfight, combat was broken off and Fischer was unaware that his aircraft had been hit until an RGf message from his Rottenflieger informed him that his aircraft was streaming a white petrol plume. Looking at his fuel gauge, Fischer saw that his tank was almost empty so he made a forced landing in Windsor Great Park, during which the aircraft overturned but was little damaged.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E1 7./JG27 (W9+) Karl Fischer crash-landed Windsor Park 03

Photo 03: The aircraft was later displayed outside the grounds of Windsor Castle.

8. Staffel III. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 27 - 8./JG27

Messerschmitt Bf 109E3 8./JG27 (Black 7+) Bad Zwischenahn Germany 1940 00

Profile 00: Messerschmitt Bf 109E.3 'Black 7' of 8./JG27, Bad Zwischen hahn, late 1940. This machine was observed in Germany at the end of 1940 as elements of JG27 were withdrawn to rest. The fuselage is camouflaged in a standard high-demarcation 02/71 finish but, somewhat unusually considering the period this machine was observed, the fuselage sides remain in plain 65 with no mottling. Below the windscreen was a painted shield showing an Iron Cross First Class rising from the sea. It is believed this was the Staffel badge of 8./ JG27 before the unit adopted a later design featuring a black hand on a white disc.

Bf 109E 8./JG27 (B7+) in Germany 1940 01

Photo 01: At the end of November, III./JG27 was withdrawn to Bad Zwischenhahn to rest. This 'Black 7', photographed at the end of 1940, belonged to 8./JG27, commanded at that time by Oblt. Arno Becker who had taken over the Staffel on 27 October 1940.

9. Staffel III. Gruppe Jagdgeschwader 27 - 9./JG27

Messerschmitt Bf 109E 9./JG27 (Y1+) Walter Glockner crash-landed Sandwich, England POW

Photo 01: This Bf 109E-1 at Westminster is 'Yellow 1', flown by Gefr. Walter Glockner of 9./JG27 on . After being damaged in combat over Canterbury by 603Sqn. Spitfires, Gefr. Glockner forced landed at Sandwich where he made a good belly landing and set fire to his aircraft. The aircraft number appeared on the engine cowling as was III./JG27's style and is therefore not visible in this photograph.

Messerschmitt Bf 109 E-1 9./JG27 (Br7+) Fw. Ernst Schulz W.Nr 6327 crash-landed Kent

Messerschmitt Bf 109E-1 of 9./JG27 flown by Fw. Ernst Schulz This profile of 'Brown 7', the Bf 109E-1 flown by Fw. Ernst Schulz of JG27 is largely based on the photograph below and Crashed Enemy Aircraft Report No.34/1 of 19 September 1940. The aircraft is understood to have been finished in a high demarcation 02/71 scheme with 02 mottling of varying densities on the fuselage sides. The rudder, spinner and cowling were painted yellow, with the addition of three brown concentric rings on the spinner and a large brown '7' on each side of the cowling.

Photo 01: Having taken off as part of a bomber escort shortly after noon on , this aircraft, flown by Fw. Ernst Schulz of 9./JG27, was attacked over Canterbury by Spitfires of 603Sqn. Although little damaged, the pilot was forced down and made a successful landing near Sellinge, Kent. Fw. Schulz climbed out of his aircraft and then attempted to escape into a nearby wood, but he was shot by members of the Royal Tank Corps and so severely wounded in the left lung that he died on 26 September. This is the only known photograph of Fw. Ernst Schulz's aircraft.

 
 IL-2 Sturmovik 'Cliff's of Dover' - COD game skins
COD game skin by CF Bf 109E1 7/.JG27 (W9+) Karl Fischer France 1940
COD game skin by CF Bf 109E1 7/.JG27 (W9+) Karl Fischer France 1940 NM
Skin for Messerschmitt Bf109E-1 by Cpt Farrel Template
This aircraft was flown by Rudolf Rothenfelder of 9./JG2 in summer of 1940
To install: Place the skin in your Cliffs of Dover folder: C:\Users\Anders Hjortsberg\Documents\1C SoftClub\il-2 sturmovik cliffs of dover\PaintSchemes\Skins\Bf-109E-1
CptFarrels:cptfarrel@cptfarrels.com http://www.cptfarrels.com/
COD game skin by EH Bf 109E3 8/.JG27 (B7+) Germany 1940
EF Hartmann http://forum.1cpublishing.eu/

 

Knights Cross

Luftwaffe pilot Wilhelm Balthasar

Major Wilhelm Balthasar was born on 2 February 1914 at Fulda in Hessen. He served in an Artillery Regiment from 1933 but transferred as a Leutnant to the Luftwaffe in 1935. In November 1936, Balthasar joined the Condor Legion serving with the Aufklärerkette of Kampfgruppe K/88. He gained his first victory of the Spanish Civil War when, while on a reconnaisance mission, he shot down a Republican I-16 on 20 January 1937. On 15 March 1937, he joined Aufklärungsgruppe A/88 flying He 112s. He joined Jagdgruppe J/88 in September 1937. He gained a futher six victories with this unit including four SB-2 bombers shot down in one mission on 7 February 1938. He returned to Germany on 23 March 1938. In the 17 months he served in Spain, Balthasar had flown 465 combat missions. He was awarded the Spanienkreuz in Gold mit Schwertern und Brillanten in recognition of his feats there.

At the beginning of World War 2, Balthasar was Staffelkapitän of 1./JG1 and participated in the invasion of Poland. With the Blitzkreig of the low-countries and France, Balthasar was soon making his mark shooting down three Belgian Gladiator biplane fighters and a French Morane fighter on 11 May 1940. He claimed five French victims on 5 June, to record his 20th
through 24th victories, and claimed a further four on 6 June (25-28).

On 14 June, Hauptmann Balthasar was awarded the Ritterkreuz, only the second fighter pilot, behind Werner Mölders (115 victories, RK-Br, killed in flying accident 22 November 1941), to be so rewarded. In addition, he claimed 13 aircraft destroyed on the ground. He was considered the most successful German fighter pilot of the French campaign. On 5 July, 1./JG1 was renamed 7./JG27. On 1 September 1940, Balthasar was appointed Gruppenkommandeur of III./JG3. On 4 September, he was seriously wounded in leg over Canterbury in England in aerial combat with Spitfire fighters from 222 Squadron RAF. Despite the severity of his wounds, Balthasar was flying operationally 14 days later. On 23 September he shot down two Spitfires with only 88 bullets from cannons and MG`s. He claimed a further three victories before having to submit to hospital treatment for his wounds in November.

Major Balthasar was appointed Kommodore of JG2 on 16 February 1941. Between 22 June and 27 June, he shot down nine enemy aircraft, including five RAF Blenheim twin-engine bombers on 23 June (32-40). He was awarded the Eichenlaub (Nr 17) for 40 victories on 2 July. On 3 July 1941, Balthasar killed in aerial combat with RAF fighters near Aire, France. When Baltasar attempted to disengage from combat in Bf 109 F-4 (W.Nr. 7066) by diving, a wing of his aircraft folded and he crashed to his death southeast of St Omer. He was posthumously promoted to the rank of Major and buried in a World War 1 cemetary in Flanders alongside his father, who had fallen in the earlier conflict. Wilhelm Balthasar was credited with 47 victories. In 1939-41 he flew about 300 combat missions. Seven of his victories were recorded during the Spanish Civil War.

Luftwaffe pilot List of 47 aerial victories for Wilhelm Balthasar

No Date Time A/c Type Unit Location / Comments
1. 20.1.1937 - I-16 K/88 Spain
2. 20.1.1938 - I-16 1./J 88 Spain
3. 7.2.1938 - SB-2 2./J 88 Spain
4. 7.2.1938 - SB-2 2./J 88 Spain
5. 7.2.1938 - SB-2 2./J 88 Spain
6. 7.2.1938 - SB-2 2./J 88 Spain
8. 11.5.1940 6:55 Gladiator 1./JG1 Albert Canal / Gladiator of 1/I/2 of Aeronautique Militaire Belge
9. 11.5.1940 - Gladiator 1./JG1 Albert Canal / Gladiator of 1/I/2 of Aeronautique Militaire Belge
10. 11.5.1940 6:58 Gladiator 1./JG1 Albert Canal / Gladiator of 1/I/2 of Aeronautique Militaire Belge
11. 11.5.1940 19:51 Morane 1./JG1 W Maastricht
12. 13.5.1940 6:15 1./JG1 Jodoigne
13. 17.5.1940 13:55 Hawk 75A 1./JG1 Compiegnie
14. 19.5.1940 13:50 Lysander 1./JG1 Amiens / Lysander of 16Sqn RAF
15. 23.5.1940 14:10 1./JG1 Douai
16. 23.5.1940 14:20 1./JG1 Douai
17. 23.5.1940 14:40 1./JG1 Douai
18. 26.5.1940 - 1./JG1 Calais / Spitfire of 19Sqn RAF
19. 26.5.1940 10:03 1./JG1 Calais / Spitfire of 19Sqn RAF
20. 5.6.1940 10:40 LeO 451 1./JG1 Montdidier
21. 5.6.1940 10:48 Potez 63 1./JG1 Nesle
22. 5.6.1940 10:50 LeO 451 1./JG1 Nesle
23. 5.6.1940 21:20 Morane 1./JG1 Roye
24. 5.6.1940 21:30 Morane 1./JG1 Roye
25. 6.6.1940 16:40 Morane 1./JG1 Roye
26. 6.6.1940 16:50 LeO 451 1./JG1 Roye
27. 6.6.1940 16:55 LeO 451 1./JG1 Roye
28. 6.6.1940 17:05 LeO 451 1./JG1 Ham
29. 13.6.1940 17:50 Potez 63 1./JG1 Provins / Potez 63 (Nr 205) of GR I/14, Armée de l'Air, crash-landed on Troyes a/f
30. 13.6.1940 18:20 1./JG1 Sézanne
31. 4.9.1940 11:00 Stab III./JG3  
32. 23.9.1940 11:06 Stab III./JG3  
33. 23.9.1940 11:20 Stab III./JG3  
34. 27.9.1940 14:25 Stab III./JG3  
35. 29.10.1940 16:40 Stab III./JG3  
36. 29.10.1940 16:45 Stab III./JG3  
37. 17.5.1941 18:55 Stab JG2 Dover Straits
38. 19.5.1941 20:20 Stab JG2 S Isle of Wight
39. 22.6.1941 16:00 Stab JG2 St Omer-Gravelines
40. 22.6.1941 16:02 Stab JG2 St Omer-Gravelines
41. 23.6.1941 20:30 Stab JG2 Dunkirk-Mardyck
42. 23.6.1941 20:33 Stab JG2 10km N Dunkirk
43. 24.6.1941 20:50 Stab JG2 Gravelines-Ramsgate
44. 25.6.1941 13:00 Stab JG2 Hazebrouck-Gravelines
45. 25.6.1941 16:45 Stab JG2 St Omer-Boulogne
46. 27.6.1941 22:03 Stab JG2 Lille-Gravelines
47. 27.6.1941 22:07 Stab JG2 Lille-Gravelines

Victories : 47
Awards : Ritterkreuz (14 June 1940)
Eichenlaub (2 July 1941)
Units : J/88, JG1, JG27, JG3, JG2

http://www.luftwaffe.cz/balthasar.html Aces of the Luftwaffe - Wilhelm Balthasar

Luftwaffe pilot Asisbiz database list of aerial victories for Wilhelm Balthasar

Date Pilot Name Unit Enemy A/C Type Height Time Location
11-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Gladiator   06.55 Maastricht
11-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Gladiator   06.58 Maastricht
11-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Morane   19.51 West of Maastricht
11-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Gladiator     Raum Maastricht
13-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1   06.15 Jodoigne SSW Tienen
17-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Hawk-75A   13.55 Compiegne
19-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Lysander   13.50 Amiens
23-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1   14.20 Douai
23-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1   14.10 Douai
23-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1   14.40 Douai
26-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1     Raum Calais
26-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1   10.03 Raum Calais
05-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 LeO 451   10.40 Montdidier
05-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Morane 406   21.30 Roye
05-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Morane 406   21.20 Roye
05-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 LeO 451   10.50 Nesle
05-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Potez 63   10.48 Nesle
06-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 LeO 451   16.50 Roye
06-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 LeO 451   17.05 Ham
06-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Morane 406   16.40 Roye
06-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 LeO 451   16.50 Roye
06-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 LeO 451   16.55 Roye
13-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Potez 63   17.50 Provins
13-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1   18.20 Sezanne
13-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Potez 63   17.50 Provins
04-Sep-40 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab III./JG3   11.00 SE London
23-Sep-40 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab III./JG3   11.20 North of Cap Gris Nez
23-Sep-40 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab III./JG3   11.06 South of Chatham
27-Sep-40 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab III./JG3   14.25  
29-Oct-40 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab III./JG3   16.45  
29-Oct-40 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab III./JG3   16.40  
17-May-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   18.55 Dover Straits
19-May-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   20.20 S Isle of Wight
22-Jun-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   16.00  
22-Jun-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   16.02  
23-Jun-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   20.30  
23-Jun-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   20.33  
24-Jun-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   20.50  
25-Jun-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   13.00  
25-Jun-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   16.45  
27-Jun-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   22.03  
27-Jun-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   22.07  

Luftwaffe Badge

Luftwaffe pilot Karl Fischer

Units: 7/JG-27 (Channel)

Awards: EK 2, Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Bf 109E-1 WNr 4851 'White 9' (lost )

Remarks: POW after crashing in Windsor Great Parkas a result of engine and petrol tank damage during aerial combat. The AC overeturned during a force landing, the pilot was uninjured. The AC was later put on exhibit outside Windsor Castle to raise money for the local Spitfire Fund. One known victory, his 1st, a Hurricane at Portland on 25 August, 1940. 'PH + LV' painted out.

Luftwaffe pilot Asisbiz database list of 1 aerial victories for Karl Fischer

Date Pilot Name Unit Enemy A/C Type Height Time Location
Sunday, August 25, 1940 Karl Fischer 7./JG27   18:40 Portland

Luftwaffe Badge

Luftwaffe pilot Ernst Schulz

Units: 3/JG-1 (9/39), 9/JG-27 (9/40)

Awards: Wound Badge, Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Bf 109 E-3 'Yellow 6' (11/39), Bf 109 E-1 WNr 6327 'Yellow 7' (lost 9/18/40)

Remarks: POW . Shot down over Canterbury in 'Yellow 7' by a Spitfire, possibly piloted by P/O J.S. Morton of RAF No. 603 Sq.. He made a force landing near Harringe Court, Sellindge and attemped to flee. He was shot by Tank Corps members, and severely wounded in the left lung. He DOW in captivity, . Source: Brian Bines. Buried Cannock Chase, Block 5, Gr 328 (M.Croft). Alternate spelling: Schultz.

Luftwaffe Badge

Luftwaffe pilot Walter Glöckner

Units: 9./JG-27 (Channel)

Awards: Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Bf 109E-1 WNr 2674 'Yellow or Brown 1' (lost 9/18/40)

Remarks: POW after being attacked by a Spitfire over Canterbury, possibly attacked by F/O W.A.A. Reed of RAF No. 603 Sq.. He dove away toward the coast and was hit by a Bren Gunner and finally crashed on the Royal St George Golf Links at Willow Farm, Sandwich, where he set the AC onfire. Glöckner was not injured in the force landing. Source: Brian Bines.

 

 Some of the most widely used Book References:

  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase One: July-August 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 1) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Eddie J Creek (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Two: August-September 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 2) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Three: September-October 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 3) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Four: November 1940-June 1941 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 4) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)

 Some of the most widely used Magazine References:

  • Airfix Magazines (English) - http://www.airfix.com/
  • Avions (French) - http://www.aerostories.org/~aerobiblio/rubrique10.html
  • FlyPast (English) - http://www.flypast.com/
  • Flugzeug Publikations GmbH (German) - http://vdmedien.com/flugzeug-publikations-gmbh-hersteller_verlag-vdm-heinz-nickel-33.html
  • Flugzeug Classic (German) - http://www.flugzeugclassic.de/
  • Klassiker (German) - http://shop.flugrevue.de/abo/klassiker-der-luftfahrt
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://boutique.editions-lariviere.fr/site/abonnement-le-fana-de-l-aviation-626-4-6.html
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://www.pdfmagazines.org/tags/Le+Fana+De+L+Aviation/
  • Osprey (English) - http://www.ospreypublishing.com/
  • Revi Magazines (Czech) - http://www.revi.cz/