List of Bf 109 early models

List of Bf 109 E models

List of Bf 109 F models

List of Bf 109 G models

List of Bf 109 K models

  

Stab Jagdgeschwader 1 - Stab JG1

 

Luftwaffe pilot Wilhelm Balthasar

Luftwaffe pilot Aerial Victories of Wilhelm Balthasar

Date Pilot Name Unit Enemy A/C Type Height Time Location
11-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Gladiator     Raum Maastricht
11-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Gladiator   06.55 Maastricht
11-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Gladiator   06.58 Maastricht
11-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Morane   19.51 West of Maastricht
11-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Gladiator     Raum Maastricht
11-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Gladiator   06.55 Maastricht
11-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Gladiator   06.58 Maastricht
11-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Morane   19.51 West of Maastricht
13-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1   06.15 Jodoigne SSW Tienen
13-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1   06.15 Jodoigne SSW Tienen
17-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Hawk-75A   13.55 Compiegne
17-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 P-40 Warhawk   13.55 Compiegne
19-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Lysander   13.50 Amiens
19-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Lysander   13.50 Amiens
23-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1   14.20 Douai
23-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1   14.20 Douai
23-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1   14.40 Douai
23-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1   14.10 Douai
23-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1   14.40 Douai
23-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1   14.10 Douai
26-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1     Raum Calais
26-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1     Raum Calais
26-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1   10.03 Raum Calais
26-May-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1   10.03 Raum Calais
05-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 LeO 451   10.40 Montdidier
05-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Morane 406   21.30 Roye
05-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Morane 406   21.20 Roye
05-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 LeO 451   10.50 Nesle
05-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Potez 63   10.48 Nesle
05-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Morane 406   21.30 Roye
05-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 LeO 451   10.40 Montdidier
05-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Potez 63   10.48 Nesle
05-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 LeO 451   10.50 Nesle
05-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Morane 406   21.20 Roye
06-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 LeO 451   16.50 Roye
06-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 LeO 451   17.05 Ham
06-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Morane 406   16.40 Roye
06-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Morane 406   16.40 Roye
06-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 LeO 451   16.50 Roye
06-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 LeO 451   16.55 Roye
06-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 LeO 451   17.05 Ham
06-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 LeO 451   16.55 Roye
13-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Potez 63   17.50 Provins
13-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1   18.20 Sezanne
13-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1   18.20 Sezanne
13-Jun-40 Wilhelm Balthasar 1./JG1 Potez 63   17.50 Provins
04-Sep-40 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab III./JG3   11.00 SE London
23-Sep-40 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab III./JG3   11.20 North of Cap Gris Nez
23-Sep-40 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab III./JG3   11.06 South of Chatham
27-Sep-40 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab III./JG3   14.25  
29-Oct-40 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab III./JG3   16.45  
29-Oct-40 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab III./JG3   16.40  
17-May-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   18.55 Dover Straits
19-May-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   20.20 S Isle of Wight
22-Jun-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   16.00  
22-Jun-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   16.02  
23-Jun-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   20.30  
23-Jun-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   20.33  
24-Jun-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   20.50  
25-Jun-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   13.00  
25-Jun-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   16.45  
27-Jun-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   22.03  
27-Jun-41 Wilhelm Balthasar Stab /JG2   22.07  



Luftwaffe pilot Reinhard Heydrich

Units: Stab./JG-77(5/40 Norway),

Awards: Wound Badge, Fighter Operational Clasp in Bronze

Known Aircraft: Bf 109E-3 'Yellow 3' (90% damaged 5/3/40), Bf 109E-7 WNr 3765 (30% dam 7/22/41)

Remarks: Injured in his 'Yellow 3' when he overturned on takeoff from the Sola Norway airfield. Source: SIG Norway. His 109E carried the Adj and SS symbols. A friend of Dr. Erich Mix, he was known to have flown a few missions with JG-1. On 22 July, 1941, in Wk# 3765, he volunteered, along with pilots of II/JG-77, to fly a couple of combat missions against Soviet pilots. He was promptly shot down by flak and force-landed in Moldavia. Following this experience, he made a quick return to his headquarters in Germany. He was most likely the victim of fighters of the 55th Fighter Aviation Regt., who attacked the Beltsy AF the day before. Hitler personally forbade his making any more such flights.

Since there was only a small unit of a 'SS-Flying unit' the so called SS-Fliegerkorps (a small branch of the NS-Fliegerkorps), wich actually never saw combat operations because these Fliegerkorps where never intended for combat than civil or training issues, mostly due to lack of serviceabilty, combat ready aircrafts and experienced members. So this one and only SS-Flying unit was nothing more than a representative unit for Hobby-pilots. Amongst others Heydrich (as a member of the SS) was in service with regular Luftwaffe units, he served some Time around 1940-1941 in Stavanger-Sola Norway-Campaign, Wangerooge (defending Germany's coastline) and Balti (Romania Eastern Front) with JG1 and JG77.

The below is from a message written by Michael Miller a while ago:

'SS-Obergruppenführer Reinhard Heydrich, a talented civilian pilot prior to the war, flew combat missions with the Luftwaffe. His first mission was as a gunner in Kampfgeschwader (Bomber Wing) 55 on 12. Sep. 1939. He then passed an examination as a Bf 109E pilot, serving as an Oberleutnant der Reserve and Adjutant of Jagdgeschwader 77 during the invasion of Norway in Apr. 1940. He then flew reconnaissance flights over England and Scotland in a Bf-110 outitted for aerial photograph. He rose to the rank of Major der Reserve, flying further missions as a reconnaissance pilot in the Russian Campaign. In the process, he received the Iron Cross First Class and the Operational Flying Clasp
(Reconnaissance) in Silber (Frontflug-Spange für Aufklärer in Silber).
(Most of the info. on Heydrich's Luftwaffe service is from Günther Deschner's Reinhard Heydrich)'

A Wiki Article about Heydrichs Flying ambitions:

Reinhard Heydrich served as Reserve Hauptmann, then Major in the Luftwaffe. Some sources claim that he served in the Invasion of Poland as a bomber gunner, but this is not confirmed. Then, despite his advanced age, he completed a fighter pilot course in 1940, probably due to his ambition. Heydrich wanted to set an example and show that the SS were not 'asphalt' soldiers behind the front lines, but the elite of the Third Reich. In April 1940 he flew a Bf 110 in the Fighter Group II./JG 77 'Herz As'[1] in Norway. The planes flown by Heydrich had an ancient Germanic runic character S for Sieg -- 'victory' painted on the side of the fuselage. On May 13, 1940 he crashed his plane during take-off and was injured. For a short time in May, he flew patrol flights over North Germany and the Netherlands. Then, after another accident, he returned to Berlin. In mid-June 1941, before the German attack on the USSR, he resumed flying, ignoring Himmler's orders. He flew his personal Bf 109 again with Group II./JG 77 from Balti, Romania on the southern Eastern Front, which put the wing commander under pressure due to Heydrich's position and lack of experience. On 22 July 1941, while on a mission, his plane was badly damaged over Yampil by Soviet AA artillery. Heydrich crash-landed in no-man's land, evaded a Soviet patrol and made his way back to German lines. After this, he was forbidden to fly in combat, as it was realized that his capture as a POW would be a major security breach for Germany. He never flew another operational sortie.
Heydrich was decorated with the Iron Cross Second (1940) and First (1941) Classes. The number of missions he flew is not known, but he was awarded the Frontflugspange (Front Pilot Badge) in silver, which usually was awarded after 60 combat missions. According to Ballantine Books' Illustrated History of the Violent Century (1973), Heydrich flew 97 missions in a Me-110 twin engine fighter.

There are some details in Ch. Bergström´s Barbarossa: the Air Battle. Seems that Heydrich was shot down either by St.Lt. Aleksandr Pokryshkin or Ml.Lt. Leonid Dyiachenko from 55 IAP who both claimed a Bf 109 in the combat. Pokryshkin and Diyachenko were flying as escort to some Su 2s whose mission was to bomb Dniestr Bridges at Yampol when a pair of Bf 109 attacked the bombers. Only one Messerschmitt was lost though and it was the one piloted by Heydrich who came down in a no man´s land and was later rescued as described by one of the posts above.

Diyachenko was to be killed just three days later , probably in combat with Uffz. Franz Schulte from II./JG 77 (his claim no.2) while Heydrich was assassinated by members of Czechoslovak exile army in May 1942. Pokryshkin went on to claim 59 aerial victories troughout WW2 and become one of the most notorious Soviet aces and 3 x HSU.

Against some sources Heydrich didn't served in France, wich would led in the immideate death of this Person. Hitler or Himmler wouldn't have allowed Heydrich to serve at the Kanalfront. They saw his Service with scepsis and after all he had to serve on places with less priority. Some Skins depict the I./JG 1 'White Chevron' to be in Service in France, the picture of Heydrich in his Emil bears the Emblem of the III. Gruppe in use before it was officially attached in 1943. The Emblem shows the Northern coast of Germany, the Region the unit had to defend.
This curiosity can lead to misinterpretation, the Emblem appears long before 1943, Heydrich died in Summer 1942.

There is no official or recorded evidence that Heydrich scored a kill.

Wangerooge is one of the 32 Frisian Islands in the North Sea located close to the coasts of the Netherlands, Germany and Denmark. It is also a municipality in the district of Friesland in Lower Saxony in Germany.



Luftwaffe pilot Karl August Schumacher

Units: Kdr I/Kü. JGr-136 (9/37), Kdr II./JG-333 (5/39), Kdr II./JG-77 (9/39 Nordholz), Stab./JG-1 (12/39), Kdr JG-1 (12/39), Jafü

Awards: RK(7/21/40), EK 1 & 2, Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Bf 109B & E-1 in JG-333 & II/JG-77, Bf 109D, Bf 109E-3 in Stab/JG-1, Bf 110

Remarks: Successfully defended German coastal area against British bombers. 160 missions. Both victories in the West. Responsible for the protection of northern routes near Wilhelmshaven from RAF bombing raids. 10/JG-26 (Nacht) was moved into this area at that time. His 1st victory, a Wellington into the sea, 10 km north of Spiekerooge, 18 December, 1939. His 2nd, a Blenheim at sea, 10 km north of Langeoog, 27 December, 1939. On 8 November, 1941, he mistakenly shot down a Finnish De Havilland Dragon ambulance plane, thinking it an SB, and was removed from command. Deceased 22 May, 1967 in Godesberg.. Photo

Additional Info: Monday, December 18, 1939 the RAF lost 12 Wellintons on a Reconnaissance mission such a stupid waste of men and materials. RAF 9 Sqn lost 5, RAF 37 Sqn lost 5, RAF 149 Sqn lost 2. On Wednesday, December 27, 1939 the RAF lost two Blenheim's one from 18Sqn and another from 107 Sqn I believe that it was the RAF 107 Sqn aircraft as it was reported crasing off the Island of Wanerooge. Lost Blenheim MkIV RAF OM- L8779 during a Reconnaissance mission. Take-off was from Wattisham and was on a Reconnaissance mission to Wilhelmshaven, Jade and Schilling Roads. The crew where P/O K Laxton Sqt W Anderson and LAC T V Lewis all KIA

Asisbiz database list of 3 aerial victories for Karl August Schumacher also as Carl Schumacher

Date Pilot Name Unit Enemy A/C Type Height Time Location
Monday, December 18, 1939 Carl Schumacher Stab JG1 Wellington   14:35 Crashed Sea 10km N Spiekerooge
Wednesday, December 27, 1939 Carl Schumacher Stab JG1 Blenheim MkIV   14:02 Crashed Sea 10km N Langeoog. RAF OM- L8779 was based in Wattisham and was on a Reconnaissance mission to Wilhelmshaven, Jade and Schilling Roads. The crew where P/O K Laxton Sqt W Anderson and LAC T V Lewis all KIA
Saturday, November 8, 1941 Carl Schumacher Stab JG1 De Havilland Dragon   14:02 He shot down a Finnish ambulance plane by mistake and was removed from command.

 

 Bergen op Zoom Netherlands Map

 

Spanish Civil War

    Bibliography: +

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  • Griehl, Manfred. Das geheime Typenbuch der deutschen Luftwaffe: Geheime Kommandosache 8531/44 gKdos. Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas Verlag, 2004. ISBN 978-3-7909-0775-9.
  • Griehl, Manfred.Flugzeug Profile. No. 5 – Messerschmitt Bf 109G/K.Rheinfelden, Germany: BPV Medien Vertrieb GmbH & Co KG, 1987.
  • Hitchcock, Thomas H. Messerschmitt 'O-Nine' Gallery. Chicago: Monogram Aviation Publications, 1973. ISBN 978-0-914144-00-7.
  • Hitchcock, Thomas H. Monogram Close-Up Number 9:Bf 109F.Sturbridge, Mass: Monogram Aviation Publications, 1990. ISBN 0-914144-20-0
  • Hooton, Edward R. Blitzkrieg in the West, 1939 -1940 (Luftwaffe at War: 2). Hersham, Surrey, UK: Midland Publishing, 2007. ISBN 978-1-85780-272-6.
  • Kobel, Franz and Jakob Maria Mathmann. Bf 109. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing, 1997. ISBN 0-88740-919-9.
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  • Price, Alfred. Spitfire Mk. I/II Aces (Osprey's Aircraft of the Aces). London: Osprey, 1996. ISBN 84-8372-207-0.
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  • Radinger, Willy and Walter Schick. Messerschmitt Me 109 (Alle Varianten: vion Bf (Me) 109A bis Me 109E). Oberhaching, Germany: Aviatic Verlag GmbH, 1997. ISBN 3-925505-32-6.
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  • Weal, John. Bf 109F/G/K Aces of the Western Front. Oxford: Osprey, 2000. ISBN 978-1-85532-905-8.
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    Messerschmitt Bf 109 operational history Bibliography: +

  • Beale, Nick, Ferdinando D'Amico and Gabriele Valentini. Air War Italy: Axis Air Forces from Liberation of Rome to the Surrender. Shrewsbury, UK: Airlife, 1996. ISBN 1-85310-252-0.
  • Bergström, Christer. Barbarossa – The Air Battle: July–December 1941. London: Chevron/Ian Allan, 2007. ISBN 978-1-85780-270-2.
  • Bergström, Christer and Martin Pegg. Jagdwaffe:The War in Russia, January–October 1942. Luftwaffe Colours, Volume 3 Section 4. London: Classic Colours Publications, 2003. ISBN 1-903223-23-7.
  • Feist, Uwe. The Fighting Me 109. London: Arms and Armour Press, 1993. ISBN 1-85409-209-X.
  • Green, William. Messerschmitt Bf 109: The Augsburg Eagle; A Documentary History. London: Macdonald and Jane's Publishing Group Ltd., 1980. ISBN 0-7106-0005-4.
  • Hooton, Edward R. Blitzkrieg in the West, 1939 -1940 (Luftwaffe at War: 2). Hersham, Surrey, UK: Midland Publishing, 2007. ISBN 978-1-85780-272-6.
  • Jackson, Robert. Aircraft of World War II: Development – Weaponry – Specifications. Enderby, Leicester, UK, Amber Books, 2003. ISBN 1-85605-751-8.
  • Mankau, Heinz and Peter Petrick. Messerschmitt Bf 110, Me 210, Me 410. Raumfahrt, Germany: Aviatic Verlag, 2001. ISBN 3-925505-62-8.
  • Mason, Francis K. Messerschmitt Bf 109B, C, D, E in Luftwaffe & Foreign service. London, UK: Osprey Publishing Limited, 1973. ISBN 0-85045-152-3.
  • Massimello, Giovanni and Giorgio Apostolo. Italian Aces of World War Two. Oxford/New York, Osprey Publishing, 2000. ISBN 978-1-84176-078-0.
  • Morgan, Eric B. and Edward Shacklady. Spitfire: The History. Stamford, UK: Key Books Ltd, 2000. ISBN 0-946219-48-6.
  • Neulen, Hans Werner. In the skies of Europe – Air Forces allied to the Luftwaffe 1939–1945. Ramsbury, Marlborough, THE CROWOOD PRESS, 2000. ISBN 1-86126-799-1
  • Price, Alfred. Spitfire Mark I/II Aces 1939–41 (Aircraft of the Aces 12). London: Osprey Books, 1996, ISBN 1-85532-627-2.
  • Punka, György. "A Messzer": Bf 109s in the Royal Hungarian "Honvéd" Air Force. Budapest, Hungary: OMIKK, 1995. ISBN 963-593-208-1.
  • Savic, D. and B. Ciglic. Croatian Aces of World War II (Osprey Aircraft of the Aces 49). Oxford, UK: Oxford, 2002. ISBN 1-84176-435-3.
  • Stenman, Kari and Kalevi Keskinen. Finnish Aces of World War 2 (Osprey Aircraft of the Aces 23). London: Osprey Publishing Limited, 1998. ISBN 1-85532-783-X.

    Some of the most widely used Book References:

  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase One: July-August 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 1) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Eddie J Creek (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Two: August-September 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 2) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Three: September-October 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 3) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Four: November 1940-June 1941 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 4) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)

    Magazines: +

  • Airfix Magazines (English) - http://www.airfix.com/
  • Avions (French) - http://www.aerostories.org/~aerobiblio/rubrique10.html
  • FlyPast (English) - http://www.flypast.com/
  • Flugzeug Publikations GmbH (German) - http://vdmedien.com/flugzeug-publikations-gmbh-hersteller_verlag-vdm-heinz-nickel-33.html
  • Flugzeug Classic (German) - http://www.flugzeugclassic.de/
  • Klassiker (German) - http://shop.flugrevue.de/abo/klassiker-der-luftfahrt
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://boutique.editions-lariviere.fr/site/abonnement-le-fana-de-l-aviation-626-4-6.html
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://www.pdfmagazines.org/tags/Le+Fana+De+L+Aviation/
  • Osprey (English) - http://www.ospreypublishing.com/
  • Revi Magazines (Czech) - http://www.revi.cz/

    Web References: +

  • Wikipedia.org - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Messerschmitt_Bf_109
  • Wikipedia.org - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Messerschmitt_Bf_109_variants#cite_ref-100
  • Wikipedia.org - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Messerschmitt_Bf_109_operational_history
  • Flickr.com - https://www.flickr.com/photos/farinihouseoflove/2209839419/in/photostream

 

This webpage was updated 5th March 2021