Luftflotte

Zerstorergeschwader 1

Code: S9+

Geschwaderkommodoren:

  • Maj Arved Crüger, 4 Jan 1942 - 2 Mar 1942
  • Maj Ulrich Diesing, 3 Mar 1942 - 21 Sep 1942
  • Obstlt Ralph von Rettberg (acting?), 22 Sep 1942 - 5 Oct 1942
  • Obstlt Paul-Friedrich Darjes, 6 Oct 1942 - 1 Mar 1943
  • Obstlt Alfred Druschel (acting?), 1 Mar 1943 - 12 Apr 1943
  • Obstlt Joachim Blechschmidt, 12 Apr 1943 - 13 Jul 1943
  • Obstlt Lothar von Janson, 1943 - 10 Mar 1944
  • Obstlt Erich von Selle, Mar 1944 - Jul 1944

Stab:

Formed 4 Jan 1942 at Lechfeld from Disbanded Jul 1944.

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
Jan 1942 - May 1942 Lechfeld VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 110
May 1942 - Jul 1942 Belgorod VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 110
Jul 1942 - Aug 1942 Armavir VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 110
Aug 1942 - Oct 1942 Krasnodar VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 110
Oct 1942 - Dec 1942 Proloff, Tazinskaja VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 110
Dec 1942 - Mar 1943 Dnjepropetrowsk, and others VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 110
Mar 1943 - May 1943 Neubiberg Luftflotte 2 Bf 110
May 1943 - Aug 1943 Montecourvino II. Fliegerkorps Bf 110
Aug 1943 - 12 Jun 1944 Lorient Fl. Fü. Atlantik
Fl. Fü. West (from Apr 1944)
Bf 110, Ju 88C
12 Jun 1944 - 15 Jun 1944 Nantes   Ju 88C
14 Jun 1944 - 18 Jun 1944 Boulogne   Ju 88C
19 Jun 1944 - 16 Jul 1944 Bordeaux-Merignac 5. JD Ju 88C
16 Jul 1944 - 20 Jul 1944 Salzwedel   Ju 88C

I. Gruppe:

Gruppenkommandeure:

  • Maj Joachim-Friederich Huth, 1 May 1939 - 13 Dec 1939
  • Hptm Wolfgang Falck, 14 Dec 1939 - 22 Jun 1940
  • Maj Ulrich Diesing, 1 Jan 1942 - 2 Mar 1942
  • Hptm Walther von Poka (acting), 2 Mar 1942 - 7 Mar 1942
  • Hptm Wolfgang Schenck, 7 Mar 1942 - 20 Aug 1942
  • Maj Joachim Blechschmidt, 20 Aug 1942 - 12 Apr 1943
  • Hptm Wilfried Hermann, Apr 1943 - 14 Jul 1943
  • Hptm Max Franzisket, 14 Jul 1943 - 19 Jul 1943
  • Hptm August-Wilhelm Bier, Oct 1943 - Apr 1944
  • Maj Horst Grahl, Apr 1944 - 12 Jul 1944

Formed 1 May 1939 from I./ZG141 at Jüterbog-Damm with:

Stab I./ZG1 from Stab I./ZG141
1./ZG1 from 1./ZG141
2./ZG1 from 2./ZG141
3./ZG1 from 3./ZG141

On 22 Jun 1940 ordered to Düsseldorf and disbanded:

Stab I/ZG1 became Stab
1./ZG1 became (at Köln-Ostheim)
2./ZG1 became 2./NJG1
3./ZG1 became 3./NJG1

Reformed 4 Jan 1942 at Lechfeld from with:

Stab I./ZG1 from Stab I./SKG210
1./ZG1 from 1./SKG210
2./ZG1 from 2./SKG210
3./ZG1 from 3./SKG210

On 13 Oct 1943 renamed with :

Stab I./ZG1 became Stab I./ZG26
1./ZG1 became 1./ZG26
2./ZG1 became 2./ZG26
3./ZG1 became 3./ZG26

Reformed Oct 1943 at Lorient from with:

Stab I./ZG1 from Stab V./KG40
1./ZG1 from 13./KG40
2./ZG1 from 14./KG40
3./ZG1 from 15./KG40

In Jan 1944 3./ZG1 and 7./ZG1 exchanged designations. On 12 Jul 1944 moved to Welzow and was renamed with :

Stab I./ZG1 became Stab II./JG4
1./ZG1 became 5./JG4
2./ZG1 became 6./JG4
3./ZG1 became 7./JG4

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
1 May 1939 - 24 Aug 1939 Jüterbog-Damm 1. Flieger-Division Bf 109D, Bf 110B/C
24 Aug 1939 - Sep 1939 Mackfitz   Bf 110C
Sep 1939 - 15 Oct 1939 Mühlen 1. Flieger-Division Bf 110C
15 Oct 1939 - 11 Mar 1940 Neuhausen ob Eck Luftflotte 3 Bf 110C
11 Mar 1940 - 8 Apr 1940 Marx Stab/JG1 Bf 110C
8 Apr 1940 - 9 Apr 1940 Barth* X. Fliegerkorps Bf 110C
9 Apr 1940 - 1 May 1940 Aalborg-West X. Fliegerkorps Bf 110C
1 May 1940 - May 1940 Kirchhellen Jafu 2 Bf 110C
May 1940 - Jun 1940 Norrent-Fontes Jafu 2 Bf 110C
Jun 1940 - mid Jun 1940 Boos-Rouen Jafu 2 Bf 110C
Jun 1940 - 22 Jun 1940 Mönchengladbach   Bf 110C
       
Jan 1942 -Feb 1942 Lechfeld VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 110
Feb 1942 - Mar 1942 Tours   Bf 110
Mar 1942 - May 1942 Neubiberg   Bf 110
30 May 1942 - 8 Jul 1942 Belgorod VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 110
8 Jul 1942 - 16 Jul 1942 Konstantinowka   Bf 110
16 Jul 1942 - 23 Jul 1942 Kutjenikowo   Bf 110
23 Jul 1942 - 28 Jul 1942 Taganrog-See   Bf 110
28 Jul 1942 - 5 Aug 1942 Rostow   Bf 110
5 Aug 1942 - 16 Aug 1942 Belaja-Glina   Bf 110
16 Aug 1942 - 22 Sep 1942 Armawir   Bf 110
22 Sep 1942 - 22 Jan 1943 Krasnodar   Bf 110
Jan 1943 - Mar 1943 Poltawa(?)   Bf 110
Mar 1943 - Apr 1943 Charkow   Bf 110
Apr 1943 - May 1943 Kramatorskaja   Bf 110
May 1943 - end Jul 1943 Leda-Ost 1. Flieger-Division Bf 110
Jul 1943 - Aug 1943 Wunstorf   Bf 110
Aug 1943 - Sep 1943 Bad Lippspringe   Bf 110
Oct 1943 - 12 Jun 1944 Lorient** Fl. Fü. Atlantik
Fl. Fü. West (from Apr 1944)
Ju 88C
12 Jun 1944 - 15 Jun 1944 Nantes   Ju 88C
15 Jun 1944 - 18 Jun 1944 Boulogne   Ju 88C
18 Jun 1944 - 16 Jul 1944 Corme-Ecluse*** 5. JD Ju 88C
16 Jul 1944 - 12 Jul 1944 Salzwedel   Ju 88C

* 3./ZG1 at Westerland

** 3./ZG1 at Bordeaux-Merignac, Nov 1943; 1./ZG1 at Salon-de-Provence, 5 May 1944 - 21 May 1944; 2./ZG1 at Vannes, Jan 1944 - 14 Jun 1944 and at Chateauroux, 15 Jun 1944 - 16 Jul 1944.

*** 2./ZG1 at Chateaudun, 18 Jun 1944 - 16 Jul 1944

II. Gruppe:

Gruppenkommandeure:

  • Maj Hellmuth Reichardt, 15 May 1939 - 5 Feb 1940
  • ?
  • Hptm Friedrich-Karl Dickoré, May 1940 - 26 Jun 1940
  • Hptm Rolf Kaldrack 4 Jan 1942 - 3 Feb 1942
  • Maj Günther Tonne, 4 Feb 1942 - 1 Feb 1943
  • Hptm Gerhard Weyert(?), Feb 1943 - May 1943
  • Maj Heinz Nacke, 26 May 1943 - 2 Aug 1943
  • Hptm Karl-Heinrich Matern, 3 Aug 1943 - 8 Oct 1943
  • Hptm Egon Albrecht, 9 Oct 1943 - Jul 1944

Formed 15 May 1939 from at Furstenwalde with:

Stab II./ZG1 from Stab I./JG54
4./ZG1 from 1./JG54
5./ZG15./ZG1

5./ZG1 from 2./JG54
6./ZG1 from 3./JG54

Known as between 21 Sep 1939 and 1 Mar 1940. On 26 Jun 1940 renamed with :

Stab II./ZG1 became Stab III./ZG76
4./ZG1 became 7./ZG76
5./ZG1 became 8./ZG76
6./ZG1 became 9./ZG76

Reformed 4 Jan 1942 at Bryansk from with:

Stab II./ZG1 from Stab II./SKG210
4./ZG1 from 4./SKG210
5./ZG1 from 5./SKG210
6./ZG1 from 6./SKG210

In July 1944 renamed with :

Stab II./ZG1 became Stab III./JG76
4./ZG1 became 9./JG76
5./ZG1 became 10./JG76
6./ZG1 became 11./JG76

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
15 May 1939 - 23 Aug 1939 Furstenwalde 1. Flieger-Division Bf 109D/E
23 Aug 1939 - 31 Aug 1939 Frankfurt/Oder   Bf 109D/E
31 Aug 1939 - 6 Sep 1939 Lichtenau   Bf 109E
6 Sep 1939 - 10 Sep 1939 Mühlen 1. Flieger-Division Bf 109E
10 Sep 1939 - 18 Sep 1939 Prasznicze   Bf 109E
18 Sep 1939 - 27 Sep 1939 Danzig-Langfuhr   Bf 109E
27 Sep 1939 - 30 Sep 1939 Furstenwalde   Bf 109E
1 Oct 1939 - 30 Oct 1939 Schleswig*   Bf 109E
31 Oct 1939 - 18 Feb 1940 Neumן½nster*   Bf 109E
18 Feb 1940 - 29 Feb 1940 Stade   Bf 109E
1 Mar 1940 - Apr 1940 Garz auf Usedom   Bf 109E, Bf 110
Apr 1940 - 10 May 1940 Gelsenkirchen-Buer Jafu 2 Bf 110
10 May 1940 - 18 May 1940 Gן½tersloh Luftflotte 2 Bf 110
18 May 1940 - 26 Jun 1940 Trier-Euren Luftflotte 2 Bf 110
       
Jan 1942 - Mar 1942 Bryansk VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 110
Mar 1942 - May 1942 Lechfeld VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 110
May 1942 - Jul 1942 Belgorod VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 110
Jul 1942 - Jul 1942 Konstantinowka VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 110
Jul 1942 - Aug 1942 Dimitrijewskaja VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 110
Aug 1942 - Dec 1942 Krasnodar VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 110
Dec 1942 - Jan 1943 Schachty VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 110
Jan 1943 - Mar 1943 Dnjepropetrovsk VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 110
Apr 1943 - May 1943 Trapani Luftflotte 2 Bf 110
May 1943 - Jun 1943 Pomigliano   Bf 110
Jun 1943 - Aug 1943 Monte Corvino II. Fliegerkorps Bf 110
5 Aug 1943 - Nov 1943 Lanveoc-Poulmic Fl. Fü. Atlantik Bf 110
Nov 1943 - Jul 1944 Wels** 7. JD Bf 110

** one staffel at Westerland/Sylt, 1 Oct 1939 - Feb 1940

* detachment at Mamaia (Romania), 13 Apr 1944 - 15 May 1944


   

III. Gruppe:

Gruppenkommandeure:

  • Maj Roland Bohrt, Jan 1942 - 9 Sep 1942
  • Hptm Fritz Hobein, Sep 1942 - Feb 1943
  • Hptm Reinhard Hubel, 16 Feb 1943 - Mar 1943
  • Hptm Heinz Roeber, Mar 1943 - Mar 1943
  • Hptm Drescher, Mar 1943 - ?
  • Maj Wilhelm Berlin, ? - 10 Oct 1943
  • ?
  • Hptm Hans Moor, 7 Mar 1944 - Jul 1944

Formed Jan 1942 at Lechfeld with:

Stab III./ZG1 new
7./ZG1 new
8./ZG1 new
9./ZG1 new

On 11 Oct 1943 renamed with :

Stab III./ZG1 became Stab II./ZG26
7./ZG1 became 4./ZG26
8./ZG1 became 5./ZG26
9./ZG1 became 6./ZG26

Reformed Oct 1943 at Bordeaux-Merignac with:

Stab III./ZG1 new
7./ZG1 from
8./ZG1 from
9./ZG1 from

In Jan 1944 7./ZG1 and 3./ZG1 exchanged designations. On 5 Aug 1944 moved to Alteno and was renamed with :

Stab III./ZG1 became Stab III./JG4
7./ZG1 became 9./JG4
8./ZG1 became 10./JG4
9./ZG1 became 11./JG4

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
Jan 1942 - May 1942 Lechfeld VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 109
May 1942 - Jul 1942 Belgorod VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 109
Jul 1942 - Aug 1942 Kuteinikowo VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 109
Aug 1942 - Oct 1942 Bir el Abd Fl. Fü. Afrika Bf 109, Me 210
Oct 1942 - Jun 1943 Trapani II. Fliegerkorps Me 210
Jun 1943 - Jul 1943 Castel Vetrano II. Fliegerkorps Me 210/Me 410
Jul 1943 - Sep 1943 Brest-Süd   Me 210/Me 410
Sep 1943 - Oct 1943 Vörden   Me 210/Me 410
Oct 1943 - 1 Mar 1944 Bordeaux-Merignac* Jafu Bordeaux Ju 88C
1 Mar 1944 - Jun 1944 Cazaux** Fl. Fü. West Ju 88C
12 Jun 1944 - 15 Jun 1944 Nantes   Ju 88C
15 Jun 1944 - 18 Jun 1944 Boulogne   Ju 88C
19 Jun 1944 - 16 Jul 1944 Varades***   Ju 88C
16 Jul 1944 - 20 Jul 1944 Salzwedel   Ju 88C

* 7./ZG1 at Lorient, Nov 1943; 8./ZG1 at Brest-Hourtin, Feb 1944

** 8./ZG1 at Salon-de-Provence, 23 May 1944 - 10 Jun 1944. (possibly the entire Gruppe)

*** Only 9./ZG1 is known to have been there. The rest of the Gruppe also?

Ergänzungsstaffel:

Staffelkapitäne:

  • Olt Franz Jilg, 4 Jan 1942 - 18 Apr 1942
  • Hptm Johannes Kaufmann, 6 Apr 1944 - Aug 1944

Formed 4 Jan 1942 in Merville from

On 18 Apr 1942 redesignated 1./Ergänzungs-Zerstorergruppe.

Reformed 6 Apr 1944 in Illesheim from On 19 Aug 1944 redesignated

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
4 Jan 1942 - 30 Jan 1942 Merville   Bf 109, Bf 110
30 Jan 1942 - 17 Apr 1942 Lechfeld   Bf 109, Bf 110
6 Apr 1944 - 15 Jul 1944 Illesheim   Bf 110, Me 410
16 Jul 1944 - Aug 1944 Salzwedel   Bf 110, Me 410

IV./ZG1:

10./ZG1 was formed Oct 1942, and in Aug 1943 became NNJSch/Luftflotte 4.

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location
Feb 1943 - Aug 1943 Bagerowo

11./ZG1 was formed Oct 1942 from and in Dec 1942 became Erprobungsstaffel 410.

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location
Dec 1942 Chinisia

12./ZG1 was formed Oct 1942 and in May 1943 became NNJSch/Lw.Kdo.Ost.

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location
Feb 1943 - Apr 1943 Brjansk

Panzerjägerstaffel/ZG1:

Formed Jun 1943 in Seschtschinskaja.

Disbanded Aug 1943.

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location
Jun 1943 Seschtschinskaja-Ost
Jun 1943 - Jul 1943 Ledna-Ost
Aug 1943 Brjansk
  • Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen,
  • Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen,
  • Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen,
  • Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen,
  • Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen,
  • Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen,
  • Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen,

This webpage was updated 11th January 2022

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