Sturzkampfgeschwader 77


Schlachtgeschwader 77

Schlachtgeschwader 77 (SG 77) was a Luftwaffe close air support-wing of World War II.

Schlachtgeschwader 77 was formed on 18 October 1943 in Wassilkow from Stab/Sturzkampfgeschwader 77. With the exception of II. Group which was redesignated as III. Group, Schlachtgeschwader 10, the remaining groups were renamed to Schlachtgeschwader 77.

On 3 March 1945, 9. Staffel equipped its FW 190F-8s with Panzerblitz 80 mm anti-tank rockets. Adapted from the R4M rocket, these were carried under the outboard wings.

On 17 April 1945 Stab and III./SG 77 were based at Kamenz, north-east of Dresden. A formation of P-51s of the 55th Fighter Group spotted SG 77's aircraft preparing to take-off. 116-kill 'ace' Oberleutnant August Lambert and two other pilots were taking off when the American fighters appeared. The FW 190s jettisoned their bombs and tried to escape but all three were shot down, Lambert being killed in his FW 190 F-8 'Black 9 + ' north of Hoyerswerda. Seven other Fw 190s were destroyed or badly damaged on the ground at Kamenz by the P-51s.

Geschwaderkommodoren:

  • Maj Helmut Bruck, 18 Oct 1943 - 15 Feb 1945
  • Obstlt Manfred Mossinger, 16 Feb 1945 - 8 May 1945

Stab:

Formed 18 Oct 1943 in Wassilkow from

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
Oct 1943 - Nov 1943 Wassilkow Ju 87D
Nov 1943 - Jan 1944 Kalinowka VIII. Fliegerkorps Ju 87D
Jan 1944 - 30 Jan 1944 Winniza VIII. Fliegerkorps Ju 87D
30 Jan 1944 - 26 Feb 1944 Uman VIII. Fliegerkorps Ju 87D
26 Feb 1944 - 10 Mar 1944 Proskurov VIII. Fliegerkorps Ju 87D
10 Mar 1944 - 4 Jun 1944 Lemberg VIII. Fliegerkorps Ju 87D, Fw 190F
4 Jun 1944 - 26 Jul 1944 Jasionka VIII. Fliegerkorps Fw 190F
26 Jul 1944 - Aug 1944 Schönfeld-Seifersdorf   Fw 190F
Aug 1944 - Dec 1944 Cracow VIII. Fliegerkorps Fw 190F
Dec 1944 - 10 Feb 1945 Sprottau   Fw 190F
10 Feb 1945 - 16 Feb 1945 Kamenez   Fw 190F
16 Feb 1945 - Mar 1945 Cottbus   Fw 190F
Mar 1945 - May 1945 Pardubitz and others   Fw 190F

I. Gruppe:

Gruppenkommandeure:

  • Maj Werner Roell, 18 Oct 1943 - 1 Dec 1943
  • Maj Karl Henze, 1 Dec 1943 - 1 Feb 1945
  • Hptm Hans-Joachim Brand, 1 Feb 1945 - 16 Apr 1945

Formed 18 Oct 1943 in Lemberg from with:





Stab I./SG77 from Stab I./St.G.77



1./SG77 from 1./St.G.77



2./SG77 from 2./St.G.77



3./SG77 from 3./St.G.77

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
Oct 1943 - Nov 1943 Lemberg Ju 87D
Nov 1943 - Jan 1944 Shitomir VIII. Fliegerkorps Ju 87D
Jan 1944 - 30 Jan 1944 Winniza VIII. Fliegerkorps Ju 87D
30 Jan 1944 - 1 Mar 1944 Uman VIII. Fliegerkorps Ju 87D
1 Mar 1944 - 9 Mar 1944 Kalianowka VIII. Fliegerkorps Ju 87D
9 Mar 1944 - 17 Mar 1944 Proskurov VIII. Fliegerkorps Ju 87D
17 Mar 1944 - 21 Mar 1944 Bar VIII. Fliegerkorps Ju 87D
21 Mar 1944 - 25 Mar 1944 Kamenez-Podolsk VIII. Fliegerkorps Ju 87D
25 Mar 1944 - 28 Mar 1944 Tschernowitz VIII. Fliegerkorps Ju 87D
28 Mar 1944 - May 1944 Lysiatycze VIII. Fliegerkorps Ju 87D
May 1944 - Jun 1944 Stryj VIII. Fliegerkorps Ju 87D
Jun 1944 - 25 Jul 1944 Jasionka VIII. Fliegerkorps Fw 190F
25 Jul 1944 - 27 Jul 1944 Krosno VIII. Fliegerkorps Fw 190F
27 Jul 1944 - Aug 1944 Schönfeld-Seifersdorf   Fw 190F
Aug 1944 - Dec 1944 Cracow VIII. Fliegerkorps Fw 190F
Dec 1944 -10 Feb 1945 Sprottau   Fw 190F
10 Feb 1945 - 16 Feb 1945 Kamenez   Fw 190F
16 Feb 1945 - Mar 1945 Atteno   Fw 190F
Mar 1945 - May 1945 Niemes/Süd and others   Fw 190F

II. Gruppe:

Gruppenkommandeure:

  • Hptm Alexander Gläser, Feb 1944 - 8 May 1945

Formed 18 Oct 1943 in Kalinowka from with:

Stab II./SG77 from Stab I./Sch.G.1
4./SG77 from (Nov 1943)
5./SG77 from 2./Sch.G.2
6./SG77 from 3./Sch.G.2

5./SG77 converted to Fw 190 Panzerschreck in Sep 1944.

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
Oct 1943 - 2 Mar 1944 Kalinowka Fw 190F/G
2 Mar 1944 - 14 Mar 1944 Proskurov VIII. Fliegerkorps Fw 190F/G
14 Mar 1944 - 18 Jul 1944 Lemberg VIII. Fliegerkorps Fw 190F/G
18 Jul 1944 - 21 Jul 1944 Starzawa VIII. Fliegerkorps Fw 190F/G
21 Jul 1944 - 23 Jul 1944 Moderowka VIII. Fliegerkorps Fw 190F/G
23 Jul 1944 - 28 Jul 1944 Jasionka VIII. Fliegerkorps Fw 190F/G
28 Jul 1944 - Aug 1944 Zdarzec VIII. Fliegerkorps Fw 190F/G
Aug 1944 - Oct 1944 Naglowice* VIII. Fliegerkorps Fw 190F/G
Oct 1944 - Nov 1944 Saalau* Fw 190F/G
Nov 1944 - Jan 1945 Naglowice   Fw 190F/G
Jan 1945 - 10 Feb 1945 Aslau   Fw 190F/G
10 Feb 1945 - 18 Feb 1945 Cottbus   Fw 190F/G
18 Feb 1945 - Mar 1945 Gahro   Fw 190F/G
Mar 1945 - May 1945 Schweidnitz and others   Fw 190F/G

* 5./SG77 at Udetfeld, Sep 1944 - Oct 1944; at Sarospatak, Oct 1944 - Nov 1944; at Enyicke, Nov 1944 - Nov 1944 and then joined the rest of II./SG77 at Naglowice.

III. Gruppe:

Gruppenkommandeure:

  • Hptm Franz Kieslich, 18 Oct 1943 - 19 Feb 1945
  • Hptm Gerhard Stüdemann, 20 Feb 1945 - 8 May 1945

Formed 18 Oct 1943 in in Kirowograd from with:




Stab III./SG77 from Stab III./St.G.77

7./StG77

7./SG77 from 7./St.G.77



8./SG77 from 8./St.G.77



9./SG77 from 9./St.G.77

On 3 Mar 1945 9./SG77 was ordered to begin conversion to Fw 190F-8 Panzerblitz.

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
Oct 1943 - Nov 1943 Kirowograd   Ju 87D
Nov 1943 - Dec 1943 Kalinowka   Ju 87D
Dec 1943 - 25 Feb 1944 Winniza Ju 87D
25 Feb 1944 - 9 Mar 1944 Proskurov VIII. Fliegerkorps Ju 87D
9 Mar 1944 - 5 May 1944 Lemberg VIII. Fliegerkorps Ju 87D
5 May 1944 - 15 Jul 1944 Cuniow VIII. Fliegerkorps Ju 87D
15 Jul 1944 - 17 Jul 1944 Starzawa VIII. Fliegerkorps Ju 87D
17 Jul 1944 - 19 Jul 1944 Czeriany VIII. Fliegerkorps Ju 87D
19 Jul 1944 - 21 Jul 1944 Stubno VIII. Fliegerkorps Ju 87D
21 Jul 1944 - 25 Jul 1944 Radzyn VIII. Fliegerkorps Ju 87D
25 Jul 1944 - 28 Jul 1944 Piastow 1. Flieger-Division Ju 87D
28 Jul 1944 - Aug 1944 Grojek   Ju 87D, Fw 190F
Sep 1944 - 1 Oct 1944 Hüttenfelde Fw 190F
1 Oct 1944 - Nov 1944 Schönfeld-Seifersdorf   Fw 190F
Nov 1944 - Dec 1944 Rudniki   Fw 190F
Dec 1944 - Feb 1945 Sprottau   Fw 190F
Feb 1945 - Mar 1945 Cottbus   Fw 190F
Mar 1945 - May 1945 Pardubitz   Fw 190F

10.(Pz)/SG77:

Formed 18 Oct 1943 in Orscha from On 27 Jan 1944 redesignated

Reformed 7 Mar 1944 in Markersdorf from

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
Oct 1943 - Jan 1944 Orscha   Ju 87D/G
7 Mar 1944 - 23 Mar 1944 Markersdorf   Ju 87D/G
23 Mar 1944 - 8 Jun 1944 Lemberg   Ju 87D/G
8 Jun 1944 - 6 Jul 1944 Starzawa   Ju 87D/G
6 Jul 1944 - 13 Jul 1944 Pruzana   Ju 87D/G
13 Jul 1944 - 19 Jul 1944 Terespol   Ju 87D/G
19 Jul 1944 - 23 Jul 1944 Biala-Podlaska   Ju 87D/G
23 Jul 1944 - 25 Jul 1944 Minsk   Ju 87D/G
25 Jul 1944 - Aug 1944 Grojek   Ju 87D/G
Aug 1944 - 14 Sep 1944 Cracow   Ju 87D/G
14 Sep 1944 - Dec 1944 Balice   Ju 87D/G
Dec 1944 - 10 Feb 1945 Aslau   Ju 87D/G
10 Feb 1945 - 22 Feb 1945 Cottbus   Ju 87D/G
22 Feb 1945 - Mar 1945 Gahro   Ju 87D/G
Mar 1945 - May 1945 Pardubitz and others   Ju 87D/G
  • Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen,
  • Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen,
  • Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen,
  • Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen,
  • Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen,

Web References:

  • http://www.ww2.dk/
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luftwaffe_units_before_the_1939_invasion_of_Poland
  • http://www.feldgrau.com/luft.html
  • http://www.lexikon-der-wehrmacht.de/

Book References:

  1. 'Stuka Squadron'; Peter C Smith, 1990
  • Bundesarchiv-Militärarchiv, Freiburg.
  • Feldpostübersicht, RH 3/18 - 129. Has also been published by N. Kannapin in 3 volumes.
  • Schematische Kriegsgliederung, RH 2. Has also been published in Kurt Mehner's Geheime Tagesberichte der OKW, 12 vols. Exists in full, for the period 8 Jun 1940 - 31 Dec 1943, and partly for 15 Apr 1944 - 7 May 1945
  • Flugzeugunfälle und Verluste bei den fliegenden Verbänden, RL 2 III/184, 752 - 767, 1170 - 1198. The year 1944 is missing, but can be extracted from RL 2 III/852 (summarischen Verlustmeldungen).
  • Flugzeugunfälle und Verluste bei Schulen und Sonstige Verbänden, RL 2 III/769 - 784
  • Flugzeugbestand und bewegungsmeldungen, RL 2 III/874 - 882. Only covers the months Mar 1942 to Dec 1944. The rest is missing.
  • Stärkemeldungen der fliegenden Verbände, RL 2 III/1732 - 1765
  • Übersicht über Soll, Istbestand, Einsatzbereitschaft, Verluste und Reserven der fliegenden Verbände, RL 2 III/700 - 734
  • Flakübersicht Nov 1943 - Dec 1944, RL 2 III/1119 - 1122
  • Kriegstagebücher
  • USAF Historical Research Agency, Maxwell AFB, Alabama
  • K1028F - Eastern front 1942, incl. KTB Fliegerführer Süd (Feb 1942 - Aug 1942), extracts from Richthofen and Fiebig's diaries, monthly strength returns for entire eastern front, 60 page summary of 1. Luftwaffen-Flotilla (Siebel ferries) operations on Ladoga Sea
  • K1028G - Eastern front 1943, mainly VIII. Fliegerkorps operations
  • K1028Y & K1028X - KTB I. Jagdkorps (Sep 1943 - May 1944) and KTB 5. Jagddivision (Jun 1944).
  • A1128 - German Order of Battle - Statistics as of Quarter Years, 1938-45 (parts of the USAF Strategic Bombing Survey)

Luftwaffe Emblem References:

  • Junkers Ju 87: From 1936 to 1945 by Herbert Leonard Paperback
  • Messerschmitt Me 110: Messerchmitt's twin-engined Bf 110, Me 210 and 410 by Dominique Breffort Perfect Paperback
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190: From 1939 to 1945 (Planes and Pilots) by Dominique Breffort Paperback
  • Messerschmitt Me 109, Vol. 1: From 1936 to 1942 (Aircraft and Pilots) by Anis ElBied Paperback

 Editor for Asisbiz: Matthew Laird Acred
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