Nachtjagdgeschwader 1

Geschwaderkommodoren:

  • Oberst Wolfgang Falck, 26 Jun 1940 - 30 Jun 1943


  • Oberst Werner Streib, 1 Jul 1943 - Mar 1944
  • Obstlt Hans-Joachim Jabs, Mar 1944 - May 1945

Stab:

Formed 22 Jun 1940 at Deelen-Arnhem.

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
22 Jun 1940 - Dec 1943 Deelen-Arnhem 1. NJ-Div.
1. JD (from May 1942)
3. JD (from Sep 1943)
Bf 110
Dec 1943 - Sep 1944 Bönninghardt 3. JD Bf 110, He 219
Sep 1944 - Mar 1945 Dortmund 3. JD Ju 88G
Mar 1945 - May 1945 Husum 2. JD Ju 88G

I. Gruppe:

Gruppenkommandeure:

  • Hptm Günther Radusch, 1 Jul 1940 - 6 Oct 1940
  • Maj Werner Streib, 18 Oct 1940 - 1 Jul 1943
  • Hptm Hans-Dieter Frank, 1 Jul 1943 - 27 Sep 1943
  • Hptm Manfred Meurer, 28 Sep 1943 - 21 Jan 1944
  • Maj Paul Furster, Jan 1944 - 1 Oct 1944
  • Hptm Werner Baake, 2 Oct 1944 - 8 May 1945

Formed 22 Jun 1940 in München-Gladbach with:

Stab I./NJG1 from
1./NJG1 new
2./NJG1 from 2./ZG1
3./NJG1 from 3./ZG1

On 1 Jul 1940 1./NJG1 was renamed 5./NJG1 and became part of II./NJG1, while a new 1./NJG1 was formed from

On 7 Sep 1940 3./NJG1 moved to Deelen and became 4./NJG1, and a new 3./NJG1 was formed from

In May 1942 1./NJG1 was redesignated and a new 1./NJG1 was reformed from the rest of I./NJG1.

In Dec 1942 3./NJG1 was redesignated and a new 3./NJG1 was reformed from the rest of I./NJG1.

On 1 Aug 1943 1./NJG1 was redesignated and a new 1./NJG1 was reformed from the rest of I./NJG1.

Reduced to 1./NJG1 on 30 Mar 1945, when Stab I., 2. and 3./NJG1 was disbanded.

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
22 Jun 1940 - Jul 1940 München-Gladbach   Bf 110*
Jul 1940 - Mar 1941 Gütersloh 1. NJ-Div Bf 110*
Mar 1941 - 5 Sep 1944 Venlo 1. NJ-Div.
1. JD (from May 1942)
3. JD (from Sep 1943)
Bf 110
He 219 (from Apr 1943)
5 Sep 1944 - 1 Apr 1945 Munstter-Handorf 3. JD He 219
1 Apr 1945 - May 1945 Westerland, Husum 2. JD He 219

* 3./NJG1 operated Do 17Z from Jun 1940 - Sep 1940.

II. Gruppe:

Gruppenkommandeure:

  • Hptm Conrad von Bothmer, 22 Jun 1940 - 1 Jul 1940
  • Hptm Karl-Heinrich Heyse, 1 Jul 1940 - 7 Sep 1940
  • Hptm Graf von Stillfried und Rattonitz, 7 Sep 1940 - 6 Oct 1940
  • Maj Walter Ehle, 6 Oct 1940 - 17 Nov 1943
  • Maj Eckart-Wilhelm von Bonin, 18 Nov 1943 - 25 Oct 1944
  • Hptm Adolf Breves, 26 Oct 1944 - 8 May 1945

Formed 22 Jun 1940 in Amsterdam-Schipol from with :

Stab II./NJG1 from Stab IV./JG2
4./NJG1 from 10./JG2
5./NJG1 from 11./JG2
6./NJG1 from 12./JG2

with Bf109D fighters. On 1 Jul 1940 renamed III./NJG1:

Stab II./NJG1 became Stab III./NJG1
4./NJG1 became 7./NJG1
5./NJG1 became 8./NJG1
6./NJG1 became 9./NJG1

Reformed 1 Jul 1940 at Düsseldorf with:

Stab II./NJG1 new
4./NJG1 from
5./NJG1 from 1./NJG1
6./NJG1 new

On 7 Sep 1940 renamed and moved to Gilze Rijen:

Stab II./NJG1 became Stab I./NJG2
4./NJG1 became 1./NJG2
5./NJG1 became 2./NJG2
6./NJG1 became 3./NJG2

Reformed 7 Sep 1940 at Deelen-Arnhem from with:

Stab II./NJG1 from Stab I./ZG76
4./NJG1 from 3./NJG1
5./NJG1 from 2./ZG76
6./NJG1 from 3./ZG76

4./NJG 1 used Do 17Z until Dec 1940, and then Do 215.

On 1 Nov 1941 4./NJG1 was redesignated and a new 4./NJG1 was reformed from the rest of II./NJG1.

In May 1942 4./NJG1 was redesignated and a new 4./NJG1 was reformed from the rest of II./NJG1.

Reduced to 4./NJG1 on 30 Mar 1945, when Stab II., 5. and 6./NJG1 was disbanded.

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
22 Jun 1940 - 1 Jul 1940 Amsterdam-Schipol   Bf 109D
1 Jul 1940 - 7 Sep 1940 Düsseldorf 1. NJ-Div. Ju 88C
7 Sep 1940 - May 1941 Deelen-Arnhem 1. NJ-Div Bf 110
May 1941 - Mar 1944 St. Trond 1. NJ-Div.
1. JD (from May 1942)
3. JD (from Sep 1943)
Bf 110
Do217 (from Mar 1942)
Mar 1944 - May 1944 St. Dizier 4. JD Bf 110
May 1944 - Sep 1944 St. Trond 3. JD Bf 110*
Sep 1944 - Mar 1945 Düsseldorf 3. JD Ju 88G, Bf 110
Mar 1945 - May 1945 Völkenrode, Husum 2. JD Ju 88G

* a few He 219 were operated in 1944.

III. Gruppe:

Gruppenkommandeure:

  • Hptm Conrad von Bothmer, 1 Jul 1940 - 1 Nov 1940
  • Hptm Schon, 1 Nov 1940 - 1 Feb 1941
  • Maj Adolf Edler von Graeve, 8 Feb 1941 - 5 Jun 1942
  • Hptm Wolfgang Thimmig, 6 Jun 1942 - 31 May 1943
  • Maj Egmont Prince zur Lippe-Weissenfels, 1 Jun 1943 - 20 Feb 1944
  • Maj Martin Drewes, 1 Mar 1944 - 8 May 1945

Formed 1 Jul 1940 in Düsseldorf from II./NJG1 with Bf109D fighters:

Stab III./NJG1 from Stab II./NJG1
7./NJG1 from 4./NJG1
8./NJG1 from 5./NJG1
9./NJG1 from 6./NJG1

Began coversion to Bf110 in August 1940, and 10. and 11./NJG1 was formed with the surplus Bf 109E fighters. 10. and 11./NJG1 remained at Düsseldorf until Oct 1940, when they both moved to Vlissingen, and were united as verstärkte (became in Dec 1940).

In May 1942 8./NJG1 was redesignated and a new 8./NJG1 was reformed from the rest of III./NJG1.

In Sep 1942 9./NJG1 was redesignated and a new 9./NJG1 was reformed from the rest of III./NJG1.

Reduced to 7./NJG1 on 30 Mar 1945, when Stab III., 8. and 9./NJG1 was disbanded.

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
1 Jul 1940 - Dec 1940 Düsseldorf 1. NJ-Div. Bf 109E
Bf 110 (from Aug 1940)
Dec 1940 - May 1941 Rheine 1. NJ-Div. Bf 110
May 1941 - Mar 1944 Twente 1. NJ-Div.
1. JD (from May 1942)
3. JD (from Sep 1943)
Bf 110
Mar 1944 - May 1944 Laon-Athies 4. JD Bf 110
May 1944 - Sep 1944 Twente and Leeuwarden 3. JD Bf 110, Ju 88G
Sep 1944 - Jan 1945 Fritzlar 3. JD Bf 110, Ju 88G
Jan 1945 - May 1945 Störmede, Krefeld, Husum 2. JD Ju 88G

IV. Gruppe:

Gruppenkommandeure:

  • Maj Helmut Lent, 1 Oct 1942 - 1 Aug 1943
  • Hptm Hans Joachim Jabs, 1 Aug 1943 - 1 Mar 1944
  • Maj Heinz-Wolfgang Schnaufer, 1 Mar 1944 - 26 Oct 1944
  • Hptm Hermann Greiner, 1 Nov 1944 - 8 May 1945

Formed 1 Oct 1942 at Leeuwarden from with:

Stab IV./NJG1 from Stab II./NJG2
10./NJG1 from 8./NJG2
11./NJG1 from 5./NJG2
12./NJG1 from 6./NJG2

On 30 Mar 1945 reduced to 10./NJG1, when Stab IV., 11. and 12./NJG1 was disbanded.

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
1 Oct 1942 - Mar 1944 Leeuwarden 1. JD (from May 1942)
3. JD (from Sep 1943)
Bf 110
Mar 1944 - Sep 1944 St. Trond 3. JD Bf 110
He 219 (from Jun 1944)
Sep 1944 - Apr 1945 Dortmund 3. JD Bf 110, He 219, Ju 88G
Apr 1945 - May 1945 Husum 2. JD Ju 88G

Ergänzungsgruppe:

Gruppenkommandeure:

  • Olt Siegfried Wandam, ? - ?
  • Olt Karl-Heinz Hollborn, ? - Oct 1941
  • Hptm Siebelt Reents, Oct 1941 - 11 Dec 1941
  • ?
  • Hptm Helmut Peters, 21 Mar 1943 - 1 Nov 1942

Ergänzungsstaffel/NJG1 was formed Dec 1940 in Ingolstadt-Manchingen. In Oct 1941 increased to Gruppe with:

Stab IV./NJG1 from
10./NJG1 from Erg.Sta./NJG1
11./NJG1 from 11./ZG26
12./NJG1 from 12./ZG26

Known as IV.(Erg.)/NJG1 between Oct 1941 and Oct 1942.

On 1 Nov 1942 redesignated with :

Stab IV./NJG1 became Stab III./Nachtjagdschule 1
10./NJG1 became 4./Nachtjagdschule 1
11./NJG1 became 7./Nachtjagdschule 1
12./NJG1 became 8./Nachtjagdschule 1

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
Dec 1940 - 26 Jan 1941 Ingolstadt-Manching   Bf 110/Bf 109
27 Jan 1941 - Feb 1941 Köln-Ostheim   Bf 110/Bf 109
Feb 1941 - 6 Mar 1941 Venlo?   Bf 110/Bf 109
7 Mar 1941 - Oct 1941 Stuttgart-Süd   Bf 110/Bf 109
Oct 1941 - 14 Nov 1941 Aalborg-Ost*   Bf 110/Bf 109
15 Nov 1941 - 1 Nov 1942 Stuttgart-Echterdingen*   Bf 110/Bf 109

* 10./NJG1 at Stuttgart-Echterdingen (Oct 1941 - 20 Sep 1942) and Lechfeld (21 Sep 1942 - 1 Nov 1942)

Schulstaffel/NJG1:

Formed Jun 1944 in Twente from parts of NJG1.

In Dec 1944 redesignated 16./NJG1, but on 1 Jan 1945 became Stabsstaffel/NJG1.

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
Jun 1944 - 24 Jul 1944 Twente   Bf 110/Bf 109
25 Jul 1944 - Aug 1944 Grove/Denmark   Bf 110/Bf 109
Aug 1944 - Feb 1945 Konigsberg/Neumark   Bf 110/Bf 109
Feb 1945 - Apr 1945 Lüneburg   Bf 110/Bf 109
Apr 1945 - 1 May 1945 Lüthenholm   Bf 110/Bf 109
  • Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen,
  • Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen,
  • Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen,
  • Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen,
  • Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen,

 

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This webpage was updated 5th January 2019