Lehrgeschwader 2

Lehrgeschwader 2 (LG 2) (Demonstration Wing 2) was a Luftwaffe unit during World War II, operating three fighter, night fighter, reconnaissance and ground support Gruppen (groups).

Lehrgeschwader were in general mixed-formation units tasked with the operational evaluation of new types of aircraft and/or with the development/evaluation of new operational tactics or practices. Each Gruppe within the unit was equipped with a different type of aircraft. Each Gruppe consisted of several Staffeln (squadrons). The Gruppe was identified by Roman numbers (I./LG 2) and the Staffel by Arabic numbers (10./LG 2).

In 1939 Lehrgeschwader 2 thus consisted of a Bf 109 fighter Gruppe (designated I.(J)/LG 2), a Henschel Hs 123 ground assault Gruppe (II.(Schl.)/LG 2), and a reconnaissance Gruppe (III.(Aufkl.)/LG 2).

History

The unit was created to control the Lehrgruppe in the Luftwaffe. Stab and I.(J)/LG 2 was formed in 1 November 1938 in Graz. II.(Schl.)/LG 2 was formed in November 1938 in Tutow near the Baltic coast and III Gruppe at Juterbog.

11.(Nacht)/LG 2 was a specialist night-fighting unit formed in August 1939 in Greifswald under Oblt. Johannes Steinhoff, with Arado ar 68 & Bf 109-D equipment. In September 1939 the unit moved to Bonn-Hangelar and was redesignated 10.(N)/JG 26. I.(J)/LG 2 became the new I Gruppe, JG 77 in January 1942.

Operational history

I.(Jagd)/LG 2

Formed on 1 October 1937, the unit took part in the Polish Campaign, claiming six kills for three losses from 1-20 September 1939. The unit also participated in the Battle of France and the Battle of Britain. One base in this period was Saint Inglevert, Pas-de-Calais. Its commander Oberlt. Herbert Ihlefeld, was its most successful ace, claiming 24 victories by September 1940 and earning the Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes. On 10 August 1940 future ace Hans-Joachim Marseille was assigned to I./LG 2, then based in Calais-Marck and flying sorties against England. The Gruppe claimed 92 victories during the Battle, for 22 aircraft lost and 16 damaged. It lost 10 pilots killed and missing and four as POW.

I.(J)/LG 2 then participated in the Balkans Campaign. The excellent ground attack work carried out by its sister Gruppe (II./LG 2) had led to several fighter units, including I./LG 2, to also employing a Staffel of Bf 109s converted to fighter-bomber duties. Over Yugoslavia, Leutnant Friedrich Geißhardt was to claim four JKRV Hawker Fury biplanes shot down. Now with 36 victories, Ihlefeld was at this time shot down by ground fire and captured by Yugoslavian soldiers. While in captivity, he was allegedly severely beaten and was threatened with execution by firing squad. Ihlefeld was rescued by German troops after eight days of arrest and returned to Germany to recover. By the end of May 1941, I.(J)/LG 2 was based in Belgrade. The Gruppe lost four aircraft and five damaged and suffered one pilot killed and one captured. During the Battle of Crete two Bf 109's Jabos of I./LG 2 were credited with sinking HMS Fiji with a loss of 276 crew.

Following the successful conclusion of the Balkan campaign with the invasion of Crete the unit was withdrawn to Rumania for Operation Barbarossa. Geisshardt, after 6 victories in the Balkans, was to achieve much success over Russia claiming 28 victories with LG 2 and was awarded the Ritterkreuz in August 1941. The Gruppe scored 52 victories from June - December 1941. Total victories from September 1939 - 13 January 1942 amounted to 583 kills. I Gruppe was redesignated I./JG 77 on 13 January 1942.

II.(Schl)./LG 2

This unit was formed as Fliegergruppe 40 on 1 July 1938. During the Polish campaign of September 1939 II.(Schl.)/LG 2 under Major Spielvogel, operated as the as a 'ground assault' unit in the Luftwaffe, operating the Henschel Hs 123.the unit flew numerous low-level pin-point ground attack operations, and included within their rank as a Staffelkapitän future ace and General der Jagdflieger Oberleutnant Adolf Galland.

Spielvogel was killed by ground fire on 13 September however, and was replaced by Hauptmann Otto Weiß. By the end of the campaign 9 pilots had been killed in action; almost a 25% loss rate for the Gruppe.

After resting and refitting, II Gruppe went west and took part in the Battle of France. Operating 49 aircraft, the unit initially flew supporting attacks for the German paratroop assault on the Eben-Emael forts in May 1940. Intensive sorties supporting 6th Army's panzer force took up most of May, before switching to harass the retreating French army south of the Somme in June. The outstanding efforts of the Gruppe and its biplanes in what was a unique role for 1940 were recognised with the award of the Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes to its commander and all three Staffelkapitän. the units most notable action took place at the Battle of Arras, during which a strong British armoured attack was repulsed.

II.(Schl)./LG 2 did not take part in the early phases Battle of Britain, and was mooted to convert into a 'true' dive-bomber unit equipped with the Junkers Ju 87. However II Gruppe had proved the viability of the battlefield assault concept enough to be converted to the new Bf 109 E-4B fighter-bomber, with the capability to carry one SC-250 kg bomb or four SC-50 kg bombs. Training took place at SüdBoblingen.

Based at Saint-Omer in France as part of Luftflotte 2, II.(Schl)./LG 2 started operations on 6 September 1940, losing two aircraft to flak over the Thames Estuary. With no direct Army offensive to support, the unit modified its type of operation, and through the winter and into the spring of 1941 kept up a series of sporadic nuisance raids against targets in England, suffering over a dozen aircraft losses. In March 1941 II Gruppe switched south to the forthcoming Balkans campaign, now equipped with 2 Staffeln of Bf 109s and expanded with two further Staffeln of the older Henschel Hs 123 again.

The unit kept up a constant assault on the retreating Allied armies, supporting 12 Armee and its advance to the Corinth Canal. By now, inspired by the work of II./LG 2, several Jagdeschwader had their own specialist ground-attack cadres of Bf 109 fighter-bombers, including JG 77 and JG 27. The Gruppe were soon on the move back North for the attack on Soviet Russia in June 1941.

Based at Praszniki in Poland near the Lithuanian border, II Gruppe, with 38 (37) Bf 109E and 22(17) Hs 123s, were tasked with attacking their share of the 60 Soviet airfields targeted on the opening day of the offensive, leading to the destruction of over 1,400 Soviet aircraft on the ground. Thereafter they formed part of the air support for Panzergruppe 3 advancing on the 'Central Front'. Featuring in the capture of Minsk in June, by the end of July the intensity of operations had led to an attrition of the Gruppe's available aircraft, culminating in just 14 combat ready aircraft.

II Gruppe were transferred to the Northern sector around Lake Ladoga in August, and its impressive combat record again recognised by the award of Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes to its four Staffelkaptäne; Oblts. Georg Dörffel, Werner Dörnbrack, Alfred Druschel and Bruno Meyer. By September the Gruppe was back in the battle in central Russia, participating in the battles at Bryansk and Vyazma and supporting the advance on Kalinin. The II Gruppe Henschel's proved their rugged worth by launching a series of 'shuttle' missions against the counter-attacking Soviet forces in October, saving their own airfield from capture and inflicting heavy losses.

The onset of the appalling winter conditions saw operations curtailed for some time. Thus the II Gruppe was recalled to Werl in Germany to form the nucleus of the first ever Schlachtgeschwader (SG 1) , and with Major Otto Weiß awarded the Oakleaves to the Knight's Cross.

II. (Schlacht)/ Lehrgeschwader 2

A feature of operations on 2 September was that on this date II.(Schlacht)/Lehrgeschwader 2, at that time the Luftwaffe's only dedicated ground-attack Gruppe, flew its first operations of the Battle of Britain. Originally trained for tactical intervention in ground operations and equipped with Henschel Hs-123 biplanes, this Gruppe had earlier carried out spectacular and successful low-level attacks during the campaigns in Poland and France. Shortly after the French campaign, the Gruppe transferred to its home base at Braunschweig-Waagum for re-equipment and re-training on the Bf 109E. Training revealed that due to the greater flying speed of the Bf-109, pilots found it more difficult to fly than the Hs-123 and some 20% of the pilots had to be replaced.

The re-fitting of Bf-109s with bomb-racks, bomb fuzing battery box and the necessary electrical release gear to convert the aircraft to fighter-bombers was carried out at Boblingen. Here the pilots also practised dive bombing, low-level attacks and oblique attacks as well as fast strafing runs against ground targets. Because of its specialised missions, II.(Schlacht);LG2 found that it needed fewer armors than previously but required instead special-technical bomb personnel. Additionally, it was discovered that the Gruppe required a larger stock of tyres than normal as the strain imposed by the heavy bomb load made it necessary to change tyres after every seventh or eighth take-off.

Under its Gruppenkommandeur, Major Otto Weiss, the Gruppe transferred to the Channel coast in early September for operations against England. Due to the expected enemy fighter opposition, it was recognised that operations would have to be carried out with strong fighter cover and for this reason the Gruppe was stationed at Calais-Marck and ordered to co-operate closely with the resident fighter Gruppe, I.(jagd)/LG2, commanded by Oblt. Herbert Ihlefeld. On 2 September, II.(Schlacht)/LG2 took part in some of the five daylight attacks launched against targets in the East Kent - Thames Estuary area. Most of these raids were turned back before serious damage could be caused and there were no losses to either II.(Schlacht);LG2 or its fighter escort. Until 15 September, all further cross-Channel fighter-bomber operations by the Gruppe were carried out with the whole of Erp.Gr210, but after this date, II.(Schlacht)/LG2 flew only with the similarly equipped 3./Erp.Gr210, which was then detached from its parent Gruppe for the purpose.

Aufklärungsstaffel

Created on or just after the 1 October 1936 near Prenzlau. In April 1937, the unit was equipped with the Dornier Do 17 F. It was later merged 1.(F)/Aufkl.Gr122 in September 1937.

Stab III.(Aufkl)/ LG 2

Formed on 1 November 1938, it was renamed from Stab/Aufklärungslehrgruppe. The unit was renamed Koluft 10 after mobilisation on 26 August 1939.

7.(F)/LG 2

8.(F)/LG 2

9.(H)/LG 2 (Pz)

Operated in the Polish Campaign, Battle of France and Battle of Britain. During Operation Barbarossa it supported the 3rd Panzer Divisions capture of Orel and Bryansk, it also supported the German Army during the Battle of Kiev.

10.(See)/LG 2

Formed on 1 November 1938, and dissolved in October 1939. Saw action in the Polish Campaign. The unit was absorbed into Kampfgeschwader 30.

10.(Schlacht)/LG 2

This unit participated in the Balkans Campaign and Operation Barbarossa. It was probably renamed 8.(PZ)SchG1 on 13 January 1942.

11.(Nacht)/LG 2

Formed on 1 August 1939 and experimented with night fighting techniques with Arado Ar 68s. It was used for home defence until 14 December 1939. It was still doing so on 18 February 1940, when it was absorbed into IV.(N)/JG 2.

Erg.St.(Sch)/LG 2

Formed on 24 August 1940. Participated in the Battle of Britain, and on the Eastern Front. It was disbanded on 13 January 1942, and its crews helped form II./Sch.G.1 and Erg.J.Gr.Ost.

Kunstflugstaffel

This unit did not see action. It was formed in early 1938 and dissolved on 3 March 1940.

Geschwaderkommodoren:

  • Obstlt Eberhard Baier, 1 Nov 1938 - 18 Nov 1939

Stab:

Formed 1 Nov 1938 in Garz with Bf 109D. On 18 Nov 1939 redesignated

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
1 Nov 1938 - 31 May 1939 Garz   Bf 109D/E
1 Jun 1939 - Aug 1939 Juterbog-Damm   Bf 109E
Aug 1939 - Sep 1939 Nieder-Ellguth   Bf 109E
Sep 1939 - 30 Sep 1939 Juterbog   Bf 109E

I. (Jagd)/LG2:

Gruppenkommandeure:

  • Maj Hanns Trubenbach, 1 Nov 1938 - 18 Aug 1940
  • Hptm Bernhard Mielke, 18 Aug 1940 - 30 Aug 1940
  • Hptm Herbert Ihlefeld, 30 Aug 1940 - 6 Jan 1942

Formed 1 Nov 1938 in Garz from with:

  

Stab I./LG2 from Stab I./LG
1./LG2 from 1./LG
2./LG2 from 2./LG
3./LG2 from 3./LG

On 6 Jan 1942 redesignated with :

Stab I./LG2 became Stab I./JG77
1./LG2 became 1./JG77
2./LG2 became 2./JG77
3./LG2 became 3./JG77

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
1 Nov 1938 - 24 Aug 1939 Garz   Bf 109D/E
24 Aug 1939 - 9 Sep 1939 Lottin*   Bf 109E
9 Sep 1939 - 13 Sep 1939 Lauenburg   Bf 109E
13 Sep 1939 - 15 Sep 1939 Fordon (Leidenburg)   Bf 109E
15 Sep 1939 - 20 Sep 1939 Pultusk   Bf 109E
20 Sep 1939 - 30 Sep 1939 Garz   Bf 109E
30 Sep 1939 - 6 Oct 1939 Uetersen   Bf 109E
6 Oct 1939 - 1 Nov 1939 Neumünster   Bf 109E
1 Nov 1939 - 2 Dec 1939 Gymnich   Bf 109E
2 Dec 1939 - 8 Dec 1939 Lippstadt   Bf 109E
8 Dec 1939 - 29 Dec 1939 Köln-Butzweilerhof   Bf 109E
29 Dec 1939 - 13 Jan 1940 Hage   Bf 109E
13 Jan 1940 - 25 Jan 1940 Gymnich   Bf 109E
25 Jan 1940 - 27 Feb 1940 Köln-Butzweilerhof   Bf 109E
27 Feb 1940 - 4 Mar 1940 Stade   Bf 109E
4 Mar 1940 - 15 Mar 1940 Westerland/Sylt   Bf 109E
15 Mar 1940 - 12 May 1940 Neumünster**   Bf 109E
12 May 1940 - 13 May 1940 Jever and Hage***   Bf 109E
13 May 1940 - 14 May 1940 Wyk/Fuhr   Bf 109E
14 May 1940 - 18 May 1940 Essen-Mühlheim   Bf 109E
18 May 1940 - 19 May 1940 Tirlemont   Bf 109E
19 May 1940 - 23 May 1940 St. Aubin   Bf 109E
23 May 1940 - 4 Jun 1940 Mont St. Ecouvex-Nord   Bf 109E
4 Jun 1940 - 13 Jun 1940 Liegescourt   Bf 109E
13 Jun 1940 - 20 Jun 1940 Cailly-sur-Eure   Bf 109E
20 Jun 1940 - 12 Jul 1940 St. Inglevert/Pihen   Bf 109E
12 Jul 1940 - 8 Aug 1940 Jever   Bf 109E
8 Aug 1940 - 22 Aug 1940 Wevelghem   Bf 109E
22 Aug 1940 - 5 Nov 1940 Calais/Marck   Bf 109E
5 Nov 1940 - 26 Dec 1940 Köln-Butweilerhof   Bf 109E
26 Dec 1940 - 30 Mar 1941 Calais/Marck   Bf 109E
30 Mar 1941 - 6 Apr 1941 Wien   Bf 109E
6 Apr 1941 - 14 Apr 1941 Radomir   Bf 109E
14 Apr 1941 - 17 Apr 1941 Bitolj   Bf 109E
17 Apr 1941 - 20 Apr 1941 Ptolemais   Bf 109E
20 Apr 1941 - 27 Apr 1941 Larissa   Bf 109E
27 Apr 1941 - 11 May 1941 Eleusis   Bf 109E
11 May 1941 - 31 May 1941 Molaoi   Bf 109E
31 May 1941 - 18 Jun 1941 Belgrade   Bf 109E
18 Jun 1941 - 21 Jun 1941 Bucharest   Bf 109E
21 Jun 1941 - 24 Jun 1941 Roman   Bf 109E
24 Jun 1941 - 25 Jun 1941 Krosno   Bf 109E
25 Jun 1941 - 29 Jun 1941 Madorowska-Zamocz   Bf 109E
29 Jun 1941 - 1 Jul 1941 Ungvar   Bf 109E
1 Jul 1941 - 10 Jul 1941 Tudora   Bf 109E
10 Jul 1941 - 18 Jul 1941 Jassy   Bf 109E
18 Jul 1941 - 30 Jul 1941 Zilistea   Bf 109E
30 Jul 1941 - 12 Oct 1941 Mizil****   Bf 109E
12 Oct 1941 - 13 Oct 1941 Tschaplinka-Süd   Bf 109E
14 Oct 1941 - 6 Dec 1941 Mariupol   Bf 109E
6 Dec 1941 - 8 Dec 1941 Ackerman   Bf 109E
8 Dec 1941 - 9 Dec 1941 Nikolajew   Bf 109E
9 Dec 1941 - 6 Jan 1942 Mariupol   Bf 109E

* 1./LG2 moved to Malzkow on 31 Aug 1939 (near Stolp); Moved to Lottin 3 Sep 1939.

** 3./LG2 moved to Wyk/Fuhr 30 Mar 1940, and to Esbjerg 2 May 1940 (there until 12 May 1940).

*** only 1./LG2 at Hage

*** 1./LG2 at Mamaia. On 15 Sep 1941 3./LG2 moved to Berislaw, and on 26 Sep 1941 to Tschaplinka, remained there until joined by the rest of I./LG2.

II. (Schlacht)/LG2:

Gruppenkommandeure:

  • Maj Georg Spielvogel, 1 Nov 1938 - 9 Sep 1939
  • Maj Wolfgang Neudürffer, Sep 1939 - 1 Dec 1939
  • Hptm Otto Weiss, 1 Dec 1939 - 13 Jan 1942

Formed 1 Nov 1938 in Tutow from with:

Stab II./LG2 from Stab/SFGr.10
4./LG2 from 1./SFGr.10
5./LG2 from 2./SFGr.10
6./LG2 from 3./SFGr.10

On 13 Jan 1942 redesignated with :

Stab II./LG2 became Stab I./Sch.G. 1



4./LG2 became 1./Sch.G. 1



5./LG2 became 2./Sch.G. 1



6./LG2 became 3./Sch.G. 1

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
1 Nov 1938 - 31 Aug 1939 Tutow   Hs 123
31 Aug 1939 - Sep 1939 Alt Rosenburg   Hs 123
Sep 1939 - Oct 1939 *   Hs 123
Oct 1939 - 10 May 1940 Lauffenberg   Hs 123
10 May 1940 - May 1940 Duras   Hs 123
May 1940 - 21 May 1940 Guise   Hs 123
21 May 1940 - Jun 1940 Cambrai   Hs 123
Jun 1940 - 27 Aug 1940 Braunschweig-Waggum   Hs 123, Bf 109E
27 Aug 1940 - Sep 1940 SüdBoblingen   Bf 109E
6 Sep 1940 - 29 Mar 1941 Calais-Marck Jafu 2 Bf 109E
1 Apr 1941 - 6 Apr 1941 Belica-Nord   Bf 109E
6 Apr 1941 - Apr 1941 Plovdiv   Bf 109E
Apr 1941 - Apr 1941 Bitolj   Bf 109E
Apr 1941 - 20 Apr 1941 Kozani   Bf 109E
20 Apr 1941 - 30 Apr 1941 Trikkala   Bf 109E
1 May 1941 - Jun 1941 Tutow   Bf 109E
Jun 1941 - Jul 1941 Praschnitz   Bf 109E
Jul 1941 - Sep 1941 Solzy?**   Bf 109E
Sep 1941 - Oct 1941 Kalinin   Bf 109E
Oct 1941 - Dec 1941 Staraja-Russa   Bf 109E
Dec 1941 - Jan 1942 Dugino   Bf 109E

* Altsiedel, Witkowicze, Woborz, Grojec and Zalesie was used.

** a number of other bases was also used, while in Russia. Names are presently unknown.

III. (Aufkl.)/LG2:

Gruppenkommandeure:

  • Maj Kurt Kleinrath, 1 Nov 1938 - 14 Mar 1939
  • Obstlt Radeke, 14 Mar 1939 - 1 May 1939
  • Obstlt Günther Lohmann, 1 May 1939 - 26 Aug 1939

Formed 1 Nov 1938 in Juterbog-Damm from Lehr-Verband/Aufklärungsgruppe Juterbog with:

Stab III./LG2 new
7.(F)/LG2 new
8.(F)/LG2 new
9.(H)/LG2 new

On 24 Sep 1939 8.(F)/LG2 was redesignated ;

9.(H)/LG2 was disbanded Mar 1942, and 7.(H)/LG2 was disbanded Jan 1943.

Stab III./LG2:

Probably disbanded 26 Aug 1939.

Known bases:

Juterbog-Damm, Nov 1938 - Aug 1939



7.(F)/LG2:

7.(F)/LG2 was redesignated 7.(H)/LG2 in Jan 1942.

1 Sep 1939 based at Deckenpfronn (Do 17P), supporting the 7th Armee.
10 May 1940 at Düsseldorf, supporting the 18th Armee, Do 17P/M.
22 Jun 1941 supporting Panzergruppe 1 in South Russia
Jan 1942 redesignated 7.(H)/LG2.
Served under (May 1942 - Oct 1942; Dec 1942 - Jan 1943) and (Nov 1942).
Was part of Aufklärungsgruppe Fleischmann, Nov 1942 - Dec 1942.
Disbanded Jan 1943 after heavy losses.

Known bases:

Juterbog-Damm, Nov 1938 - Aug 1939
Deckenpfronn, Aug 1939 - Sep 1939
Düsseldorf, Feb 1940 - May 1940
Ghent, Jul 1940 - 12 Feb 1941
Popesti, 12 Feb 1941 - Mar 1941
Sofia-Vrazdebna, Mar 1941 - Apr 1941
Athens, May 1941
Schepetowka, Jul 1941
Bjelaja-Zerkow, Jul 1941 - Aug 1941
Kirowograd, Aug 1941 - Oct 1941
Mariupol, Dec 1941 - Jun 1942

8.(F)/LG2:

On 24 Sep 1939 redesignated

Known bases:

Juterbog-Damm, 1 Nov 1938 - Aug 1939
Berlin-Werder, Aug 1939 - 24 Sep 1939

9.(H)/LG2:

1 Sep 1939 at Scholastivkovo (Hs 126/He 46), supporting the 3rd Panzer-Division.
10 May 1940 at Krefeld supporting the 3rd Panzer-Division (Hs 126/Fw 189)
22 Jun 1941 supporting the 3rd Panzer-Division (Fw 189)
Dec 1941 moved to Juterbog-Damm, and became a trials unit.
Disbanded Mar 1942, absorbed by the training units.

Known bases:

Juterbog-Damm, 1 Nov 1938 - Aug 1939
Scholastivkovo, Aug 1939 - Sep 1939
Krefeld, Mar 1940 - May 1940
Chalons s. S., Jan 1941
Bobruisk, Jul 1941
Kritschew(?), Jul 1941 - Aug 1941
Orel, Sep 1941 - Nov 1941
Juterbog-Damm, Dec 1941 - Mar 1942

10. (See)/LG2:

Formed 1 Nov 1938 in Travemunde. 1 Sep 1939 based in Kiel-Holtenau with Do 18. Apparently disbanded before Oct 1939.

Reformed Mar 1941 in Krainici as 10. (Sch)/LG2 with Hs 123. Was attached to II./LG2, and used the same bases. On 13 Jan 1942 redesignated

11. (Nacht)/LG2:

Formed 1 Aug 1939 in Greifswald (Olt. Johannes Steinhoff), with Ar 68/Bf 109D. On 1 Sep 1939 moved to Bonn-Hangelar and was redesignated

Ergänzungsstaffel (Schlacht)/LG2:

Formed Oct 1940 in Tutow (possibly later moved to Deblin-Irena). On 13 Jan 1942 redesignated

Web Reference:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lehrgeschwader_2

Reference:

  1. de Zeng et al. Vol. 2 2007, p. 376.
  2. "Lehrgeschwader 2". Michael Holm. Retrieved 20 March 2011.
  3. de Zeng et al. Vol. 2 2007, p. 376.
  4. de Zeng et al. Vol. 2 2007, p. 377.
  5. de Zeng et al. Vol. 2 2007, p. 377.
  6. de Zeng et al. Vol. 2 2007, p. 377.
  7. de Zeng et al. Vol 2 2007, p. 379.
  8. de Zeng et al. Vol 2 2007, p. 378.
  9. de Zeng et al. Vol 2 2007, p. 379.
  10. de Zeng et al. Vol 2 2007, p. 383.: Jochen Prien in JFV-2 claims September 1939 as its dissolved date.
  11. de Zeng et al. Vol 2 2007, p. 383.

Bibliography

  • Shores, Christopher (1977). Ground Attack Aircraft of World War Two. London: Macdonald and Jane's, 1977. ISBN 0-356-08338-1.
  • de Zeng, H.L; Stanket, D.G; Creek, E.J. Bomber Units of the Luftwaffe 1933-1945; A Reference Source, Volume 2. Ian Allen Publishing, 2007. ISBN 978-1-903223-8

 

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