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22nd Bombardment Group

Constituted as 22nd Bombardment Group (Medium) on 22 Dec 1939. Activated on 1 Feb 1940. Trained with B-18 and B-26 aircraft, and used the latter to fly antisubmarine patrols off the west coast, Dec 1941-Jan 1942. Moved to the Southwest Pacific early in 1942, became part of Fifth AF, and served in combat in that area until V-J Day. Attacked enemy shipping, installations, and airfields in New Guinea and New Britain and supported ground forces in New Guinea, using B-26's until Oct 1943 when B-25's were added. Cortinued to support the Allied offensive in New Guinea, striking troop concentrations, installations, and shipping, being awarded a DUC for knocking out enemy entrenchments (5 Nov 1943) that were preventing the advance of Australian ground forces. Redesignated 22nd Bombardment Group (Heavy) in Feb 1944. Equipped with B-24's, bombed Japanese airfields, shipping, and oil installations in Borneo, Ceram, and Halmahera. Began attacking the southern Philippines in Sep 1944 to neutralize Japanese bases in preparation for the invasion of Leyte. From Dec 1944 to Aug 1945, struck airfields and installations on Luzon, supported Australian ground forces on Borneo, and bombed railways and industries in Formosa and China. Moved to Okinawa in Aug 1945 and flew some armed reconnaissance missions over southern Japan.

Remained in the theater after the war as part of Far East Air Forces. Transferred, without personnel and equipment, to the Philippines in Nov 1945. Redesignated 22nd Bombardment Group (Very Heavy) in Apr 1946. Transferred to Okinawa in May 1946, remanned in Jun, and equipped with B-29's. Moved to the US in May 1948. Assigned to Strategic Air Command. Redesignated 22nd Bombardment Group (Medium) in Jul 1948. Moved temporarily to Okinawa in Jul 1950 and attached to Far East Air Forces for duty in the Korean War. Began combat immediately, and until Oct 1950 attacked marshalling yards, bridges, highways, airfields, and industries and supported UN ground forces in Korea. Returned to the US, Oct-Nov 1950. Inactivated on 16 Jun 1952.

Squadrons. 2d: 1940-1952. 19th: 1940- 1952. 33d: 1940-1952. 408th: 1942-1952.

Stations. Mitchel Field, NY, 1 Feb 1940; Langley Field, Va, 14 Nov 1940; Muroc, Calif, c. 9 Dec 1941-31 Jan 1942; Brisbane, Australia, 25 Feb 1942; Ipswich, Australia, 7 Mar 1942; Townsville, Australia, 7 Apr 1942; Woodstock, Australia, 5 Jul 1942; Iron Range, Australia, 29 Sep 1942; Woodstock, Australia, Feb 1943; Dobodura, New Guinea, Oct 1943; Nadzab, New Guinea, Jan 1944; Owi, Schouten Islands, 17 Aug 1944; Leyte, 15 Nov 1944; Angaur, 26 Nov 1944; Samar, 21 Jan 1945; Clark Field, Luzon, Mar 1945; Okinawa, 15 Aug 1945; Luzon, Nov 1945; Okinawa, 15 May 1946-May 1948; Smoky Hill AFB, Kan, May 1948; March AFB, Calif, May 1949-16 Jun 1952.

Commanders. Lt Col Ross F Cole, Feb 1940; Lt Col John L Moore, 1940; Maj Lewis M Merrick, 20 Feb 1941; Maj Mark L Lewis Jr, Oct 1941; Lt Col Millard L Haskin, 10 Dec 1941; Lt Col Dwight D Divine 11, 19 May 1942; Lt Col George R Anderson, Mar 1943; Lt Col Roger E Phelan, Jun 1943; Col Richard W Robinson, c. Feb 1944; Col Leonard T Nicholson, 21 Jan 1945; Lt Col James E Sweeney, 24 Sep 1945; Lt Col Charles W Johnson, 7 Oct 1945; Maj John E Pryor, c. 17 Oct 1945-unkn; Col Joseph F Carroll, Jun 1946; Lt Col Alvin H Mueller, Jan 1947; Col Francis L Rivard, Oct 1947; Col Walter E Arnold, 19 Dec 1947; Lt Col Paul L Barton, 7 Jun 1948; Capt William L Lemme, 29 Jun 1948; Maj John W Swanson, 3 Jul 1948; Lt Col Payne Jennings Jr, 7 Jul 1948; Col James V Edmundson, 19 Aug 1949; Col John B Henry Jr, Mar-16 Jun 1952.

Campaigns. World War II: Antisubmarine, American Theater; East Indies; Air Offensive, Japan; China Defensive; Papua; New Guinea; Bismarck Archipelago; Western Pacific; Leyte; Luzon; China Offensive. Korean War: UN Defensive; UN Offensive.

Decorations. Distinguished Unit Citations: Papua, 23 Jul 1942-23 Jan 1943; New Guinea, 5 Nov 1943. Philippine Presidential Unit Citation.

Insigne. Shield: Azure, a cougar's left gamb erased palewise claws to base or armed gules. Motto: Ducemus - We Lead. (Approved 19 Jun 1941.)

2nd Bombardment Squadron

2ND BOMBARDMENT SQUADRON

LINEAGE. Constituted 2nd Bombardment Squadron on 1 Jan 1938. Redesignated 2nd Bombardment Squadron (Medium). Activated on 1 Feb 1940. Redesignated: 2nd Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 3 Feb 1944; 2nd Bombardment Squadron (Very Heavy) on 30 Apr 1946; 2nd Bombardment Squadron (Medium) on 28 Jul 1948.

ASSIGNMENTS. 22nd Bombardment Group, I Feb 1940 22nd Bombardment Wing, 16 Jun I952-.

STATIONS. Bolling Field, DC, 1 Feb 1940; Langley Field, Va, 14 Nov 1940; Muroc, Calif, c. 9 Dec 1941-29 Jan 1942; Brisbane, Australia, 25 Feb 1942; Ipswich, Australia, 2 Mar 1942; Townsville, Australia, 7 Apr 1942; Reid River, Australia, 9 Apr 1942; Dobodura, New Guinea, 9 Oct 1943; Nadzab, New Guinea, 19 Dec 1943; Owi, Schouten Islands,11 Aug 1944; Leyte, c. 19 Nov I.944; Angaur, c. 28 Nov 1944; Samar, 26 Jan 1945; Clark Field, Luzon, Mar 1945; Okinawa, 18 Aug 1945; Ft William McKinley, Luzon, 23 Nov 1945; Okinawa, 15 May 1946; Smoky Hill AFB, Kan, 18 May 1948; March AFB, Calif, 10 May 1949 (operated from Kadena AFB, Okinawa, c. 9 Jul-c- 30 Oct: 1950)-

AIRCRAFT. B-18, 1940-1941; B-26, 1941-1943; B-25, I943-1944; B-24, 1944-1945; B-29, 1946-1953; B-47, 1953-

OPERATIONS. Antisubmarine patrols, Dec 1941-Jan I942; combat in Southwest and Western Pacific, 8 Apr 1942-3 Jan 1943, 5 Oct 1943-24 Jul 1945. Not manned, 20 Nov 1945-15 Jun 1946. Combat in Korea, 13 Jul-19 Oct 1950.

19th Bombardment Squadron

19TH BOMBARDMENT SQUADRON

LINEAGE, Constituted 19th Bombardment Squadron (Medium) on 22 Dec 1939. Activated on 1 Feb I940. Redesignated: 19th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 3 Feb 1944; 19th Bombardment Squadron (Very Heavy) on 30 Apr 1946; 19th Bombardment Squadron (Medium) on 28 Jul 1948.

ASSIGNMENTS. 22nd Bombardment Group, 1 Feb 1940; 22nd Bombardment Wing, 16 Jun 1952-.

STATIONS. Patterson Field, Ohio, 1 Feb 1940; Langley Field, Va, 16 Nov 1940; Muroc, Calif, 9 Dec 1941-28 Jan 1949; Brisbane, Australia, 95 Feb 1942; Ipswich, Australia, 2 Mar 1942; Townsville, Australia, 29 Mar 1942; Woodstock, Australia, 4 Jul 1942; Iron Range, Australia, 15 Sep 1942, Woodstock, Australia, 4 Feb 1943; Dobodura, New Guinea, 11 Jul 1943; Nadzab, New Guinea, c. 24 Jan 1944; Owi, Schouten Islands, 22 Jul 1944; Leyte, c. 10 Nov 1944; Anguar, 2 Dec 1944; Samar, 27 Jan 1945; Clark Field, Luzon, c. 15 Mar 1945; Okinawa, 14 Aug 1945; Ft William McKinley, Luzon, 23 Nov 1945; Okinawa, 15 May 1946; Smoky Hill AFB, Kan, 18 May .1948; March AFB, Calif, 10 May .1949 (operated from Kadena, Okinawa, c. 9 Jul- c. 30 Oct 1950)-

AIRCRAFT. B-18, 1940-1941; B-26, 1941-3-944; B-24, 1944-1945; B-29, 1946-1953; B-47, 1953-.

OPERATIONS: Antisubmarine patrols, Dec 1941-Jan 1942; combat in Southwest and Western Pacific, 6 Apr 1942- 9 Jan 1943, 27 Jul 1943- 3 Aug 1945. Not manned, 23 Nov 1945-15 Jun 1946. Combat in Korea, 13 Jul-19 Oct 1950-

SERVICE STREAMERS. None.

CAMPAIGNS. World War 11: Antisubmarine, American Theater; East Indies; Air Offensive, Japan; China Defensive; Papua; New Guinea; Bismarck Archipelago; Western Pacific; Leyte; Luzon; Southern Philippines; China Offensive; Air Combat, Asiatic-Pacific Theater. Korean War: UN Defensive; UN Offensive.

DECORATIONS. Distinguished Unit Citations: Papua, 23 Jul 1942-[9] Jan 1943; New Guinea, 5 Nov 1943- Philippine Presidential Unit Citation. Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation: 10 Jul-24 Oct 1950.

33rd Bombardment Squadron

33RD BOMBARDMENT SQUADRON

LINEAGE. Constituted 33rd Bombardment Squadron (Medium) on 22 Dec 1939. Activated on 1 Feb 1940. Redesignated: 33rd Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 3 Feb 1944; 33rd Bombardment Squadron (Very Heavy) on 30 Apr 1946; 33rd Bombardment Squadron (Medium) on 28 Jul 1948.

ASSIGNMENTS. 22rd Bombardment Group, 1 Feb 1940, 22nd Bombardment Wing, 16 Jun 1952-

STATIONS. Patterson Field, Ohio, 1 Feb 1940; Langley Field, Va, 16 Nov I940; Muroc, Calif, 9 Dec 1941-28 Jan 1942; Brisbane, Australia, 25 Feb I.942; Ipswich, Australia, 1 Mar 1942; Antil Plains, Australia, 7 Apr 1942; Woodstock, Australia, 20 Jul 1942; Iron Range, Australia, 29 Sep 1942; Woodstock, Australia, 4 Feb I.943; Dobodura, New Guinea, 15 Oct 1943; Nadzab, New Guinea, c. l0 Jan 1944; Owi, Schouten Islands, 14 Aug 1944; Leyte, c. l0 Nov 1944; Angaur, 26 Nov 1944; Samar, 21 Jan 1945; Clark Field, Luzon,12 Mar 1945; Okinawa, 15 Aug 1945; Ft William McKinley, Luzon, 23 Nov 1945; Okinawa, 15 Jun 1946; Smoky Hill AFB, Kan, Jun 1948; March AFB, Calif, lo May 1949 (operated from Kadena AFB, Okinawa, c. 9 Jul-c. 30 Oct 1950)-.

AIRCRAFT. B-I8, 1940-1941; B-26, 1941-1943; B-25, 1943-1944; B-24, 1944-1945; B-29, 1953; B- 47, 1953-.

OPERATIONS. Antisubmarine patrols, Dec 1941-Jan 1942, combat in Southwest and Western Pacific, 6 Apr 1942-7 Jan 1943, 7 Oct 1943-3 Aug 1945. Not manned, 23 Nov 1945-15 Jun 1946. Combat in Korea, 13 Jul-1 Oct 1950.

SERVICE STREAMERS. None.

CAMPAIGNS. World War II: Antisubmarine, American Theater; East Indies; Air Offensive, Japan; China Defensive; Papua; New Guinea; Bismarck Arcbipelago; Western Pacific; Leyte; Luzon, Southern Philippines; China Offensive; Air Combat, Asiatic-Pacific Theater. Korean War: UN Defensive; UN Offensive.

DECORATIONS. Distinguished Unit Citations: Papua, 23 Jul 1942 Jan 1943; New Guinea, 5 Nov 1943- Philippine Presidential Unit Citation. Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation: 10 Jul 24- Oct 1950.

408th Bombardment Squadron

408TH BOMBARDMENT SQUADRON

LINEAGE. Organized as 18th Aero Squadron on 20 Aug 1917. Redesignated Squadron B, Rockwell Field, Calif, on 23 Jul 1918. Demobilized on 23 Nov 1918. Reconstituted and consolidated (17 Mar 1925) with 18th Squadron which was authorized on 30 Aug 1918. Organized on 1 Oct 1921. Inactivated on 23 Jul 1922. Redesignated 18th Observation Squadron on 25 Jan 1923. Disbanded on 18 Feb 1925. Reconstituted and consolidated (17 Mar 1925) with Headquarters Detachment, Bolling Field, DC, which was organized on 11 Jul 1922. Redesignated: Headquarters Squadron, Bolling Field, DC, on 6 Oct 1924; 18th Headquarters Squadron on 17 Mar 1925. Inactivated on 31 Mar 1928. Disbanded on I Oct 1933. Reconstituted and consolidated (1964) with 18th Observation Squadron (Long Range, Light Bombardment) which was constituted on 1 Mar 1935. Redesignated 18th Reconnaissance Squadron, and activated, on 1 Sep 1936. Redesignated: 18th Reconnaissance Squadron (Medium Range) on 6 Dec 1939; 18th Reconnaissance Squadron (Medium) on 20 Nov 1940; 408th Bombardment Squadron (Medium) on 22 Apr 1942; 408th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 3 Feb 1944, Inactivated on 29 Apr 1946. Redesignated 408th Bombardment Squadron (Medium) on 6 Oct 1958. Activated on 1 Jan 1959. Discontinued, and inactivated, on 1 Jan 1962.

ASSIGNMENTS. Ninth Corps Area, 1 Oct 1921-23 Jul 1922. District of Washington, 11 Jul 1922- Third Corps Area, Oct 1927-31 Mar 1928, 2nd Wing attached to 9th Bombardment Group, 1 Sep 1936; 22nd Bombardment Group, attached c. Sep 1940, and assigned 25 Feb 1942-29 Apr 1946. 22nd Bombardment Wing, 1 Jan 1959 Jan 1959.

STATIONS. Rockwell Field, Calif, 20 Aug 1917-23 Nov 1918. Rockwell Field, Calif, I Oct 1921- 23 Jul 1922. Bolling Field, DC, 11 Jul 1922 - 31 Mar 1928. Mitchel Field, NY, 1 Sep 1936; Langley Field, Va, 15 Nov 1940; Muroc, Calif, 9 Dec 1941-29 Jan 1942; Brisbane, Australia, 25 Feb 1942; Townsville, Australia, 7 Apr 1942; Ried River, Australia, 12 Apr 1942; Dobodura, New Guinea, 15 Oct 1943; Nadzab, New Guinea, 22 Dec 1943; Owi, Schouten Islands, 26 Jul 1944; Leyte, c. 9 Nov 1944; Angaur, c. I Dec 1944; Samar, 14 Jan 1945; Clark Field, Luzon, 13 Mar 1945; Okinawa, c. 21 Aug 1945; Ft William McKinley, Luzon, 23 Nov 1945-29 Apr 1946. March AFB, Calif, 1 Jan 1959-1 Jan 1942.

AIRCRAFT. Apparently included JN-4, JN-6, and S-4, during period I.917-1918. Unknown, 1921-1922 In addition to DH-4, M-1,O-2, PW-9, and P-1, evidently included 0-1 during period 1922-1928. In addition to B-10, 1936-1937, and B-i8, 1937-1941, included A-17, C-8, OA-4, and OA-8, during period 1936-1940; B-25, 1941, B-26, 1941-1943; B-24, 1943-1944;1944-1945. B-47, 1959-1961.

OPERATIONS. Flying training unit, 1917-19I.8. Antisubmarine patrols, Dec 1941-Jan 1942; combat in Southwest and Western Pacific 21 Apr 1942-9 Jan 1943; 7 Oct IL943-30 Jul 1945. Not manned, 23 Nov 1945-29 Apr 1946.

SERVICE STREAMERS. None.

CAMPAIGNS. Antisubmarine, American Theater; East Indies; Air Offensive, Japan; China Defensive; Papua; New Guinea; Bismarck Archipelago; Western Pacific; Leyte; Luzon; Southern Philippines; China Offensive; Air Combat, Asiatic-Pacific Theater

DECORATIONS. Distinguished Unit Citations: Papua, 23 Jul 1942 [9] Jan 1943; New Guinea, 5 Nov 1943. Philippine Presidential Unit Citation.



USAAF Military History Section

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This webpage was updated 9th July 2018