Messerschmitt Bf 109E4 Trop 2./JG 27 (Red 1+) Libya 1941

Messerschmitt Bf 109E7/Trop 2./JG27 (Black 1+) Staffelkapitän Fritz Keller North Africa 1941 0A-0B

Image 01: Messerschmitt Bf 109E-7 Trop flown by the Staffelkapitän of 2./JG27 This aircraft is believed to have been finished in the Italian colours used by Luftwaffe aircraft operating in North Africa before the RLM had developed its own range of paints for this theatre. Not visible in this view is the white segment which is believed to have been painted on the spinner.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E 2./JG 27 (B1+) Fritz Keller North Africa 1941 01

Photo 01: This Bf 109E-7Trop coded Black 1 would normally have been allocated to the Staffelkapitan of 2./JG27. When this Staffel arrived in North Africa in December 1941, it was under the command of Hptm. Erich Gerlitz who retained command only until 25 December when he left to take over II. Gruppe. He was replaced by Oblt. Fritz Keller who then led the Staffel from 24 January to 18 March 1942.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E 2./JG 27 (B1+) Fritz Keller North Africa 1941 02-04

Messerschmitt Bf 109 E-7/Trop 2./JG27 (B4+) being painted by a Luftwaffe artist North Africa 1941 01

Profile 00: Nice color photo showing Messerschmitt Bf 109 E-7/Trop 2./JG27 (B4+) being painted by a Luftwaffe artist North Africa 1941

Messerschmitt Bf 109 E-7/Trop 2./JG 27 Black 2 Libya 1941 00

Profile 00: Messerschmitt Bf 109E.7 Trop of 2./JG27, Libya, 1941 In addition to its unusual mottled scheme of 79 and 80 over Blue 80 undersurfaces, Black 2 also has a non-standard variation of the fuselage Balkenkreuz which, with its wider than standard white segments, more closely resembles the style normally reserved for wing undersurfaces. Note that the auxiliary fuel tanks carried by Luftwaffe single-seat and heavy fighters at this time had no stencilling, the later, familiar warning Keine Bombe! only appearing to reassure the public that the object was Not a Bomb when, as a result of fighter operations over the Reich, jettisoned auxiliary tanks were often found by civilians.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E 2./JG 27 (B2+) Libya 1941 01

Photo 01: The mottled desert camouflage showed considerable variations, perhaps indicating the work of different hands, but while most examples had rather large, regular mottles, those on this Black 2 of 2./JG27 are smaller and more irregular.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E7 Trop 2./JG 27 (B3+) Eduard Neumann Libya 1941

Photo 01-02: Color Photograph of Messerschmitt Bf 109E.7 Trop Black 3 of 2./JG27, Gazala, 1941 The camouflage colours and the pattern on this aircraft are unusual. Apart from the fading on the wing uppersurfaces as remarked in the caption to the photographs, the 02/71 has been greatly modified. Areas of 02 around the fuselage number show where a previous identity has been overpainted and a large area under the cockpit has also been repainted in a colour resembling Blue 76, over which have been sprayed Green 70 stripes. The spinner was Green 70 with a white segment.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E 2./JG 27 (B3+) El Gazala North Africa June 1941 00

Profile 00: Messerschmitt Bf 109E.7 Trop Black 3 of 2./JG27, Gazala, 1941 The camouflage colours and the pattern on this aircraft are unusual. Apart from the fading on the wing uppersurfaces as remarked in the caption to the photographs, the 02/71 has been greatly modified. Areas of 02 around the fuselage number show where a previous identity has been overpainted and a large area under the cockpit has also been repainted in a colour resembling Blue 76, over which have been sprayed Green 70 stripes. The spinner was Green 70 with a white segment.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E 2./JG 27 (B3+) El Gazala North Africa June 1941 01-03

Photo's 01-03: Two views of the same Bf 109E-7Trop, Black 3 of 2./JG27, believed to have been taken at Gazala. The aircraft has retained its European colour scheme of 02 and 71 on the uppersurfaces and Blue 65 undersurfaces, but, as the marked contrast between the tone of the black Balkenkreuz and the Green 71 on the wing shows, the 71, normally a very dark colour, has bleached to a medium green.

Pilots JG27 Eduard Neumann 01

Pilots JG27 Eduard Neumann with Adolf Galland in North Africa Sep 22 1942 01

Eduard Neumann, photo taken during World War 2.Photograph published in:German Fighter Ace- Hans-Joachim Marseille, Franz Kurowski, Schiffer Military History, 1994, ISBN 0-88740-517-7.

Messerschmitt Bf 109 E-7/Trop 2./JG 27 Black 10 Libya 1941

Profile 00: Messerschmitt Bf 109E-7 Trop of 2./JG27, Libya, mid 1941. Relatively few Bf 109Es operating in North Africa were repainted in a full desert scheme and it is believed that on most that were, Italian camouflage colours were used, as on this machine. Note that the canopy was removed from the airframe during repainting, meticulously masked off, sprayed sand colour, and replaced after the main painting of the fuselage had been completed. Although a number of aircraft from this Staffel had their black numbers outlined in red, it was omitted from this particular example.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E7Trop 2./JG 27 (B10+) Libya 1941 01

Photo 01: Members of the Stabskompanie (ground personnel) refuelling a desert camouflaged Messerschmitt Bf 109E7Trop, Black 10, of 2./JG27. Obtaining sufficient quantities of fuel was a constant problem for the German forces in North Africa as many ships transporting fuel and other supplies were sunk by submarines and aircraft operating from Malta. Although obsolete, Royal Navy Albacore and Swordfish torpedo-carrying aircraft operating at night from land bases on the island were remarkably effective. The British obtained details of sailing dates, etc, from ULTRA.

Messerschmitt Bf 109E7Trop 2./JG 27 (B10+) Libya 1941 02

Photo 02: Seldom remarked upon is the fact that the right-hinged canopy of the ,Messerschmitt Bf 109 was almost unique and is found elsewhere only on a few later Italian fighters. Quite possibly this Black 10 is the same aircraft as shown above. The items of equipment, including signal cartridges, life jacket and sun helmet, stored behind the pilots head and back armour, suggest a transfer flight.

New IL-2 Sturmovik Cliffs of Dover - COD skins

Erik Schramm ES COD Bf 109E7Trop 2./JG 27 (B10+) Libya 1941
Erik Schramm ES COD Bf 109E7Trop 2./JG 27 (B10+) Libya 1941 NM

ES Erik Schramm http://www.adlerhorst-hangar.com/

Skins Compatibility: IL2 Sturmovik Forgotten Battles (FB), Ace Expansion Pack (AEP), Pacific Fighters (PF), 1946

AB Bf 109E7/Trop 2./JG 27 (B3+) Eduard Neumann Libya 1941
AB Bf 109E7/Trop 2./JG 27 (B3+) Eduard Neumann Libya 1941 NM

Abraxa's http://www.150gct.it/

BE Bf 109E 2./JG27 (Black 11+) Libya 1941
BE Bf 109E 2./JG27 (Black 11+) Libya 1941 NM
BE Bf 109E 2./JG27 (Black 11+) Libya 1941 V0A

The package contains:27 skins, 20 generics and 7 with markings templates for Bf 109E fron Jesters_ink templates for Bf 109 F - K from Revolver, with Elements from Jesters_ink and Foo´bar, modified and converted by Boelcke. All skins werre researched from pictures and profiles from Jochen Priens chronical of the I./JG 27 and the Jagdwaffe series. The G10 and K4 skins are a little bit speculative, cause there are not many pictures from the last months of ww2. Thx to Phase3 and Cheruskerarmin for their support with profiles for the later types. The generic skins will be part of my JG 27 dgen campaign (modded version), to be released soon. Have fun :) BE Boelcke

ES Bf 109E7/Trop 2./JG 27 (B3+) Eduard Neumann Libya 1941
ES Bf 109E7/Trop 2./JG 27 (B3+) Eduard Neumann Libya 1941 NM

ES Erik Schramm http://www.adlerhorst-hangar.com/

GF Bf 109E 2./JG 27 (B2+) Libya 1941
GF Bf 109E 2./JG 27 (B2+) Libya 1941 NC

GRAF http://mission4today.com/

Harpia Mafra55 HM Bf 109E7/Trop 2./JG 27 (B3+) Eduard Neumann Libya 1941
Harpia Mafra55 HM Bf 109E7/Trop 2./JG 27 (B3+) Eduard Neumann Libya 1941 NM
Harpia Mafra55 HM Bf 109E7/Trop 2./JG 27 (B3+) Eduard Neumann Libya 1941 V0A

Harpia Mafra55 mauriciomarcosmafra@ig.com.br

Immel IM Bf 109E7/Trop 2./JG 27 (B3+) Eduard Neumann Libya 1941
Immel IM Bf 109E7/Trop 2./JG 27 (B3+) Eduard Neumann Libya 1941 NM
Immel IM Bf 109E7/Trop 2./JG 27 (B3+) Eduard Neumann Libya 1941 V0A

Bf 109E7 2./JG 27 (B3+) Maj. Eduard Neumann Libya 1941
Compatability : FB + AEP Immel a.immekus@onlinehome.de

CF Bf 109E 2./JG 27 (B2+) Libya 1941
CF Bf 109E 2./JG 27 (B2+) Libya 1941 NM
CF Bf 109E7Trop 2./JG 27 (B10+) Libya 1941
CF Bf 109E7Trop 2./JG 27 (B10+) Libya 1941 NM

This aircraft was flown by an unknown pilot of 2./JG27 To install: Place the BMP files in. ../PaintSchemes/Skins/Bf 109E-4
CptFarrels:cptfarrel@cptfarrels.com http://www.cptfarrels.com/

Canon CN Bf 109E7/Trop 2./JG 27 (B1+) Fritz Keller North Africa 1941
Canon CN Bf 109E7/Trop 2./JG 27 (B1+) Fritz Keller North Africa 1941 NM
Canon CN Bf 109E7/Trop 2./JG 27 (B2+) Libya 1941
Canon CN Bf 109E7/Trop 2./JG 27 (B2+) Libya 1941 NM
Canon CN Bf 109E7/Trop 2./JG 27 (B3+) Eduard Neumann Libya 1941
Canon CN Bf 109E7/Trop 2./JG 27 (B3+) Eduard Neumann Libya 1941 NM
Canon CN Bf 109E7/Trop 2./JG 27 (B10+) Libya 1941
Canon CN Bf 109E7/Trop 2./JG 27 (B10+) Libya 1941 NM

Bf 109E-7B 'Black 3' flown by unknown pilot, 2./JG27, Ain El Gazala, Libya, early 1941. This E-7 sports an unusual camouflage scheme. The standard European scheme of RLM 02/71 can still be seen, but the fuselage has been heavily mottled, and a striped pattern has been applied in RLM 71/70. The dense mottling behind the fuselage numeral suggests that this aircraft had a previous identity. The large blue area beneath the cockpit is relatively new paint, and suggests a repaint. The stripes were reapplied over this new area. Me109E-7B of of 2./JG27, Libya, mid-1941. Painted in Italian colours. Me109E-7B flown by Oblt. Fritz Keller, Staffelkapitan 2./JG27, Libya, early 1942. Painted in Italian colours. This skin can be modified for your own use, but may not be uploaded, or included as part of another skin, without permission. Thanks :) skin by Canon, August 2007 Canon canonuk@hotmail.co.uk http://www.canons-skins.com

vpmedia VP Bf 109E7/Trop 2./JG 27 (B1+) Fritz Keller North Africa 1941
vpmedia VP Bf 109E7/Trop 2./JG 27 (B1+) Fritz Keller North Africa 19411 NM
vpmedia VP Bf 109E7/Trop 2./JG 27 (B1+) Fritz Keller North Africa 1941 V0A

istvan@vpmedia.hu http://www.vpmedia.hu/il2

RaFiGer RG Bf 109E7/Trop 2./JG 27 (B1+) Erich Gerlitz North Africa 1941
RaFiGer RG Bf 109E7/Trop 2./JG 27 (B3+) Eduard Neumann Libya 1941

RG RaFiGer http://rafiger.de/ http://www.sturmovik.de


Luftwaffe Badge

Friedrich 'Fritz' Keller

Units: 2./JG-27 (5/40), I./JG-27 (2/42), Kdr II./JG-27 (3/44 to end)

Awards: EP, EK 1 & 2, Fighter Operational Clasp

Known Aircraft: Bf 109E-3 (lost 5/12/40) & F in Staffel, Bf 109G in II Gruppe

Remarks: WIA 10 February, 1944 during aerial combat with '4 mots' near Lingen. WIA 17 July, 1943 during aerial combat with a B-17 near Esens. Injured in a crash on 21 June, 1943 when his A-5 accidentally touched the ground and crashed at the Aalborg West airfield (Source: Air War over Denmark). Magnus Report. A veteran pilot, his life was spared by Anton Hackl, when Keller and Lt Hermann Gern were found guilty of planning to flee the enemy near wars end. Gern was executed by firing squad on 7 May, 1945.

Asisbiz database list of 10 aerial victories for Fritz Keller

Date Pilot Name Unit Enemy A/C Type Height Time Location
Sunday, February 08, 1942 Fritz Keller 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   13:35 30km WNW El Adem
Sunday, February 08, 1942 Fritz Keller 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   13:30 N El Adem
Monday, February 16, 1942 Fritz Keller 2./JG27 P-40 Warhawk   16:35 30km SE El Adem
Tuesday, March 10, 1942 Fritz Keller 2./JG27 A-20 Boston III   09:35 E Sidi Barrani
Saturday, April 08, 1944 Fritz Keller Stab II./JG27 B-24 Liberator   13:50 Wissingen E Osnabruck
Saturday, April 29, 1944 Fritz Keller Stab II./JG27 B-17 Fortress 6000m 11:05 NE Helmstedt
Friday, July 14, 1944 Fritz Keller Stab II./JG27 P-38 Lightning 6300m 09:55 14 Ost N/FS od GS (Budapest)
Thursday, July 20, 1944 Fritz Keller Stab II./JG27 P-38 Lightning 7000m 11:15 SW Ammersee
Saturday, July 29, 1944 Fritz Keller Stab II./JG27 B-17 Fortress e.V. 1200m 10:53 15 Ost S/LA-6 (E Leinefelde)
Monday, August 07, 1944 Fritz Keller Stab II./JG27 P-38 Lightning 45-5000m 12:37 Raum S Pressburg

Knights Cross

Eduard Neumann

'Every- Gescl1wader has its own personality'

EDUARD NEUMANN, JG27

During the campaign in the West, I was Gescbwaderadjutant to Oberst Max Ibel. He had already fought as a pioneer during the First World War, but at that time our Stab was distinguished by Hptm. Adolf Galland who showed great abilities as a promising fighter pilot. In July 1940, I became Kommandeur of I./JG27 and claimed my first victory, a Spitfire, on 8 August. At the end of the Battle of Britain, I had six Abscbusse and one of my best pilots was Obit. Gerhard Homuth Kapitan of 3. Staffel.

We were assigned to North Africa even before the end of the Balkan campaign. We flew to Sicily and then on to. Africa where we landed at Gazala, between Derna and Tobruk. Part of the first Staffel was already there. When we arrived, our opponents were Hurricanes which had had it easy with the unescorted Stukas. We had significant advantages over the Hurricanes. Homuth Marseille, Schroer, and Stahlschmidt were very good pilots. Marseille in particular was magnificent, looked after by the gods, though he was a little rascal and an impertinent lad. Consequently, when other Gescbwader had to release some pilots to our unit, he was assigned to our unit at Doberitz even though he was a very good pilot and already had several Abscbusse. When he arrived, his hair was too long, and his jacket was shabby. His father was a general in the Army, but at that time Marseille was not yet a Leutnant. It was said that he kept the company of film actresses and he was not considered suitable to be an officer. His Staffelkapitan was Homuth who was serious and intellectual, the opposite of Marseille, and Homuth did not like him. I kept a tight rein on Marseille and he trusted me. Every Gescbwader has its own personality. We had our own intentions and we protected our own. In Africa, Kesselring wanted us to attack the airfields at Alamein with the Stukas, but I told him that this would result only in our annihilation. One had to protest vehemently to achieve the objective and in JG27 there was a dedicated loyalty which is the reason members of the Gescbwader continue to this day to come to the reunions. I became Kommodore of JG27 on 10 June 1942. Homuth took my place as Kommandeur of 1. Gruppe and Marseille took over Homuth's Staffel. From Africa I went to Athens in Greece for the air defence of the Aegean. One Gruppe was at Athens, one on Crete, and another in France. In March 1943 I returned to Berlin and Radel took command of the Gescbwader. When I left, my tally was relatively poor compared to those of the aces which our unit had generated, but I considered that I had carried out my duties the best way I could.

In 1928 Eduard went to Berlin to study mechanical and aviation engineering. It was here that he discovered his enthusiasm for flight and quickly became a member of the 'Akakflieg' Glider club in 1929. In 1932 he passed his flying examinations in powered flight in Cottbus. In 1934 he began training on the Fieseler Fi-5 aircraft, then later the same year he joined the fledgling Luftwaffe, which was still under secret construction. In Schleissheim he received final combat training, Neumann was then deployed to II./JG132 'Richthofen' in July 1935.

After the re-training on the Bf 109D at Barth in August 1937 he was transferred to the Luftwaffe's 'Condor Legion' which was to be sent to aid General Franco's Fascists in the Spanish Civil War along with other notable personalities like Adolf Galland and Werner Mölders. After a year's service Neumann returned to Germany at the rank of Oberleutnant with two victories and the Spanish Cross in Gold with Swords, and was then appointed Gruppenkommandeur with 4/JG26 in Düsseldorf, remaining with the unit until departing for Jagdgeschwader 27 in early 1940, becoming the unit's Adjutant.

The day after scoring his first (World War Two) victory during the opening phase of the Battle of Britain, a RAF 236 Squadron Blenheim off the coast of Cherbourg on the 20th July 1940, he was appointed Gruppenkommandeur of I/JG27 to replace Major Helmut Riegel, shot down and killed by 501 Squadron Hurricanes off the Island of Alderney. After a brief participation In the Invasion of Yugoslavia, in April 1941 the unit moved to Ain-el Gazala, Libya, North Africa on 18 April 1941. He received the German Cross in Gold on 11 May 1942 as Hauptmann and Gruppenkommandeur I./JG27.

On 8th June 1942 he was promoted to Major and Geschwaderkommodore of JG27, which he successfully led until 22 April 1943 when he joined the Staff of General der Jagdflieger. In March 1943 Neumann was promoted to Oberstleutnant (Lieutenant Colonel), and later in 1944 to Oberst (Colonel). Eduard Neumann finished the war as the Commander of Fighter Forces in Northern Italy. Neumann was a believer in leading his squadron from the ground, and given these long periods of administrative command, Neumann's active combat career was somewhat limited, although he became one of the most respected and influential field commanders in the Luftwaffe. As a consequence he only achieved 13 victories during his Luftwaffe career (2 in Spain). In early 1945 Neumann was among those courageous men to protest against Hermann Göring in what came to be known as the 'Fighter Pilots Revolt' or 'Fighter Pilots Mutiny'.

One of Neumann's most successful achievements was the molding of the career of Hans-Joachim Marseille, giving the unorthodox fighter pilot a free reign to practice his tactics. Marseille went on to score 158 victories against the Western Allied Air Forces, a number no other pilot would match. [6] In 1989 Neumann and other members of JG27 erected a Pyramid with the co-operation of the Egyptian Government on the place that Marseille fell to his death.

After the War
After the war Eduard 'Edu' Neumann developed an engineering company. He continued to fly as hobby, after the banning of civilian flight clubs had been lifted. Neumann remained a member of the German Fighter Pilot's Association, until his death from a long illness aged 93.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eduard Neumann

List of aerial victories for Eduard Neumann

Date Pilot Name Unit Enemy A/C Type Height Time Location
20-Jun-40 Eduard Neumann Stab /JG27   19.15  
20-Jul-40 Eduard Neumann Stab /JG27   19.15 30km South of Portland
08-Aug-40 Eduard Neumann Stab I./JG27   13.55 40km South The Needles
27-Sep-40 Eduard Neumann Stab I./JG27   10.15 Orpington
11-Sep-40 Eduard Neumann Stab I./JG27   17.05 Dungeness
17-Sep-40 Eduard Neumann Stab I./JG27   16.30 Gatwick
17-Sep-40 Eduard Neumann Stab I./JG27   16.30 Gatwick
27-Sep-41 Eduard Neumann Stab I./JG27   10.00 West of Bardia
15-Jun-41 Eduard Neumann Stab I./JG27   17.30 10km W Capuzzo
08-Jul-41 Eduard Neumann Stab I./JG27   07.55 5km E Halfaya-Pass
23-Nov-41 Eduard Neumann Stab I./JG27   12.44 Sidi Rezegh
30-Nov-41 Eduard Neumann Stab I./JG27 3000m 16.00 Bir el Gobi

Some of the most widely used Book References:

  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase One: July-August 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 1) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Eddie J Creek (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Two: August-September 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 2) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Three: September-October 1940 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 3) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)
  • Jagdwaffe: Battle of Britain: Phase Four: November 1940-June 1941 (Luftwaffe Colours: Volume Two, Section 4) Paperback Eric Mombeek (Author), David Wadman (Author), Martin Pegg (Author)

Some of the most widely used Magazine References:

  • Airfix Magazines (English) - http://www.airfix.com/
  • Avions (French) - http://www.aerostories.org/~aerobiblio/rubrique10.html
  • FlyPast (English) - http://www.flypast.com/
  • Flugzeug Publikations GmbH (German) - http://vdmedien.com/flugzeug-publikations-gmbh-hersteller_verlag-vdm-heinz-nickel-33.html
  • Flugzeug Classic (German) - http://www.flugzeugclassic.de/
  • Klassiker (German) - http://shop.flugrevue.de/abo/klassiker-der-luftfahrt
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://boutique.editions-lariviere.fr/site/abonnement-le-fana-de-l-aviation-626-4-6.html
  • Le Fana de L'Aviation (French) - http://www.pdfmagazines.org/tags/Le+Fana+De+L+Aviation/
  • Osprey (English) - http://www.ospreypublishing.com/
  • Revi Magazines (Czech) - http://www.revi.cz/

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