Jagdgeschwader 27 Emblem


Jagdgeschwader 27 - JG27

Jagdgeschwader 27 (JG 27) Afrika was a World War II Luftwaffe Geschwader. It was most famous for service in the North African Campaign, supporting the Deutsches Afrikakorps.

Formation

The Geschwader Stab (headquarters staff) and I. Gruppe/JG 27 were formed in Handorf, Germany on 1 October 1939. The emblem of I Gruppe, featuring a map of Africa, originated with the Gruppenkommandeur in 1940, Hauptmann Helmut Riegel (killed in action 20 July 1940) who was born in German South West Africa. II. Gruppe was formed in January 1940 in Magdeburg. In July 1940, I./JG 1 was transferred to JG 27 as III. Gruppe. From July 1941, a Spanish contingent flew with the Geschwader as 15./JG 27. IV. Gruppe was formed in June 1943 in Kalamaki, Greece.

Wartime service

Western and Eastern Europe

JG 27 saw considerable action both during the Battle of France as part of VIII. Fliegerkorps, scoring heavily against Allied bombers during the crossing of the Meuse river. 285 claims for aircraft destroyed were made, Hauptmann Wilhelm Balthasar (of 1./JG 1, by July renamed 7./JG 27) becoming top scorer of the campaign with 24 air kills and 13 ground kills. Hauptmann Adolf Galland the Geschwader adjudant to Geschwaderkommodore Oberst Max Ibel, also made 14 claims during the campaign.

Based near Cherbourg for the Battle of Britain, JG 27 had a relatively inauspicious campaign, claiming 146 aircraft downed although losses of pilots were heavy with 83 Bf -109Es lost, and 58 killed, missing or POW by December 1940. In November JG 27 redeployed back to Germany for re-equipping and rest. From 24 September - 5 November, JG 27 was based at Saint-Inglevert, Pas-de-Calais.

In April 1941 the Geschwader briefly served in the Balkans, before (with the exception of I./JG 27) participating in the opening offensive against the Soviet Union on the central front in June 1941. On the first day of action Major Wolfgang Schellmann bailed out over Soviet territory when he collided with a I-153 Chayka fighter flown by a Lt. Kuzmin. Kuzmin was killed in the collision but Schellmann managed to bail out, but failed to make his way back to German lines and was captured and later executed by NKVD troops. In September a Spanish Air Force volunteer staffel was attached to JG 27, becoming 15.(span.)/JG 27. Recalled to Spain in January 1942, 460 missions were flown on the Eastern Front for 10 air kills claimed. In November the Gruppen were returned to Germany for re-fitting. After a short stint in the Eastern front the Jagdgeschwader 27 left for Africa.

North Africa

I. Gruppe had been sent in April 1941 to Gazala, North Africa in order to support the Afrikakorps. Under the astute command of Hauptmann "Edu" Neumann, one of the Luftwaffe's most capable field commanders, I. Gruppe would quickly improve its performance. On 19 April I./JG 27 claimed its first four victories in air combat: one by Oberleutnant Karl-Wolfgang Redlich, Staffelkapitän of 1. Staffel, provided I./JG 27 with its 100th victory of the war.

In September, the group was joined by Hpt. Wolfgang Lippert's II./JG 27, which had achieved 43 victories in a three-week stint on the Eastern Front. II. Gruppe was now equipped with the Bf109F-2/Trop . The arrival of II. Gruppe permitted I./JG 27 to rotate back to Germany, one Staffel at a time, to exchange its war-weary "Emils" (Bf 109Es) for brand new "Friedrichs" (109Fs). The whole process would take well over a month. With the arrival of III./JG 27 from Russia in late October, by December the whole of JG 27 was in North Africa. The Geschwader units on the Eastern Front had claimed over 270 aircraft during operations in 1941, for just 16 aircraft lost in air combat.

The Geschwader had an immediate impact on the campaign, which had up until then been dominated by the British Commonwealth's Desert Air Force. JG 27 now became synonymous with the Afrikakorps and the campaign in North Africa, providing Rommel's army with fighter protection for virtually the whole Western Desert campaign, from late 1941 until November 1942

Fighting against the Desert Air Force's generally inferior Hawker Hurricanes and Curtiss P-40s, which were often flown by inexperienced and under-trained pilots, the Bf-109s inflicted heavy losses, although serviceability in the harsh conditions and chronic fuel shortages greatly reduced the effectiveness of the Geschwader. On March 24, 1942, Leutnant Korner shot down a Douglas Boston, the 1,000th victory for the Geschwader.

On 23 March III./JG 27 sent a small detachment to Kastelli, Crete. On 5 May, a fourth Staffel was added to the Gruppe: 10.(Jabo)/JG 27. Jabo or Jagdbomber was the German term for fighter-bombers.

Leutnant Hans-Joachim Marseille and Oberfeldwebel Otto Schulz were each awarded the Knight's Cross on 22 February (for 50 and 44 victories respectively). Schulz was promoted to Oberleutnant although he would be shot down and killed after 51 claims on 17 June.

On 7 August a Schwarm from 5./JG 27, led by Oberfeldwebel Emil Clade, chanced upon a Bristol Bombay transport of No. 216 Squadron RAF. The Bombay was carrying a special passenger: Lt Gen. William Gott, who had been appointed Commander of the British 8th Army, only hours previously. Clade's first pass forced the lumbering Bombay to crash-land. All but one of those remaining inside, including Gott, were killed when Unteroffizier Schneider carried out a strafing run. Gott was the highest ranked British soldier to be killed by enemy fire in the Second World War. His death led to the hurried appointment of a replacement commander for the 8th Army, a relative unknown named Bernard Law Montgomery.

On 1 September 1942, as the Afrikakorps assaulted Allied positions at El Alamein, JG 27 had their best day. Hpt. Marseille alone claimed 17, destroying eight P-40s in 10 minutes during one sortie over Alam Halfa. However it believed that at least two, and as many as four of Marseille's "kills" were not shot down.

However, author Stephen Bungay pointed out the limited military value of shooting down fighters rather than the bombers of the DAF which, by 1942, were attacking DAK and Italian ground units and convoy routes with increasingly damaging effects. He points out that on that day the DAF bombers were able to attack the Axis ground troops and rear echelons with impunity; while Marseille probably shot down 15 fighters, while the rest of the Luftwaffe pilots shot down another five confirmed aircraft:

The British lost no bombers at all. [...] The commander of JG 27, Eduard Neumann, commented after the war that 'most of the pilots in Marseille's Staffel acted in a secondary role as escort to the "master"'. Internal rivalry over star status took precedence over military effectiveness The 100 figure given by Bungay represents the Geschwader's strength, and not the number of German pilots that took part in the three missions of 1 September. The number of German fighters pilots that participated was 50, at most. Major Robert Tate of the United States Air Force seems to reject Bungay's notion of internal rivalry. Tate argues that the Allied Squadrons were far more competitive for kills: This points out another very basic difference between German and Allied combat philosophy. While the Allies tended to hunt in packs and compete vigorously for kills, the Germans, at least in North Africa, tended to let the best pilots "have at it" while the novices would tend to sit back and enjoy the show. This is one reason the loss of an asset like Marseille was so devastating to the Luftwaffe in Africa. That kind of emotional destruction would not likely occur in Allied squadrons.

In late 1942, the Allied superiority in numbers began to tell. In the space of three weeks, Jagdgeschwader 27 was rocked by the deaths of three top aces: Leut. Günter Steinhausen (40 kills) in air combat with Hurricanes of No. 127 Squadron RAF, followed 24 hours later by Leut. Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt (59 kills) in air combat with a Spitfire from No. 601 Squadron RAF and on 30 September 1942 Hpt. Hans-Joachim Marseille, "The Star of Africa" (158 kills) was killed in an aircraft accident. By November, the intensity of operations was such that JG 27 often had fewer than a dozen fighters serviceable.

Understandably, high combat fatigue and low morale meant the Stab, I. and III. Gruppen of JG 27 were withdrawn to Sicily in October, to operate over Malta. They returned briefly to North Africa but then the whole of JG 27 was withdrawn from the theatre for the final time in December 1942. 'JG 27 was then replaced by JG 77.

I./JG 27 claimed 588 aircraft shot down in the period of April 1941–November 1942. Stahlschmidt, Steinhausen and Marseille accounted for 250 of these; a huge 42% of the unit's total. The total claims in North Africa for JG 27 were 1,166 aircraft: the Stab flight claimed one kill, I. Gruppe claimed 588, II. Gruppe 477, and III. Gruppe 100 aircraft shot down. JG 27 lost some 200 aircraft in action. The surviving top scorers were Lt Werner Schröer (I/JG 27) with 61 claims and Hpt. Gustav Rödel (II/JG 27) who by now had claimed 52 kills.

Most of JG27 avoided the final defeat of Axis forces in Africa, in Tunisia. After withdrawing to airfields in western Cyrenica, and having abandoned a large number of its aircraft along the way, the unit passed the remainder of its aircraft to JG 77 and were then evacuated from North Africa on 12 November. II./JG 27 remained nearly a month longer, based at Merduma airfield. During that month the Gruppe lost three pilots killed for six Allied fighters destroyed. The last of these kills, a Kittyhawk, was the first kill for Leutnant Hans Lewes of 6. Staffel, in the final sortie by JG 27 in Africa, on the morning of 6 December 1942.

Overclaiming

Australian author Russell Brown has cast doubt on the accuracy of aerial victory claims by JG27 pilots in North Africa. Brown, who has researched the records of individual Desert Air Force squadrons, suggests that Luftwaffe claim confirmation in North Africa was less stringent than it had been during the Battle of Britain. Brown points out specific, documented examples of spurious verification, such as one "confirmation" by a Panzer commander, who merely saw a "cloud of dust", after an Allied plane passed behind a sand dune. He also lists several dates on which there was significant, demonstrable over-claiming by JG27 pilots. For example, pilots from JG27 were credited with destroying 19 or 20 P-40s from No. 239 Wing (No. 3 Squadron RAAF, No. 112 Squadron RAF and No. 450 Squadron RAAF) on 15 September 1942. Marseille alone claimed seven kills in six minutes. However, the records of the individual Allied squadrons show a total of five aircraft lost to enemy action that day and one lost to friendly AA fire. This analysis is supported by other authors. Brown states: "clearly in the combat of 15 September, there could not have been seven accurate eyewitness reports, let alone twenty [emphasis in original], but Marseille's seven victory claims were accepted without question ... [and] other recognised Experten, Schröer, Homuth and von Lieres submitted a total of six further [accepted] claims between them." During September 1942 some pilots including Karl-Heinz Bendert were involved in falsifying claims.

Back to Europe

In 1943 I./JG 27 was posted to Luftflotte 3 (Air Fleet 3) in Northern France, while II./JG 27 went to Sicily and Brindisi and were tasked with the protection of the supply convoys from Sicily and Tunisia. Lt Willi Kientsch emerged as the top scorer during these operations, adding 25 claims to the 17 scored in Africa. II gruppe then returned to Germany in August 1943 for Reich air defense duties based in Frankfurt, Wiesbaden and Merzhausen. The gruppe, under the command of Hpt.Werner Schröer, first saw action on 6 September 1943, claiming 9 B-17's shot down. In May 1943 IV. JG 27 was formed in Greece, and was posted to defend the Rumanian oil fields at Ploesti.

I gruppe found the transition from desert warfare to anti-bomber operations difficult; many of the pilots were fresh recruits and the experten left were unfamiliar with the European theater. Gruppenkommandeur Hpt. Heinrich Setz (132 Soviet kills) was killed in March 1943. Hpt Erich Hohagen, a JG 2 veteran, was posted in to command I./JG 27, although he was badly wounded in July 1943, and the gruppe were transferred to the South of France soon after.

III./JG 27, Stab./JG 27, and IV./JG 27 remained on Crete and the Greek islands and were in action against the unsuccessful British landings on various Greek Islands in the fall of 1943. The Geschwader claimed its 2,000 kill on 29 September 1943. While based at Wels I./JG 27 increased its establishment of personnel and aircraft to double its usual complement, as the unit undertook training for experienced junior pilots from other units to become formation leaders.

On 14 May 1944 Unteroffizier. Stadler of 7. JG 27 scored the last of JG 27's victories in the North African and Mediterranean theaters when six Savoia-Marchetti SM.84s of Italian Co-Belligerent Air Force were shot down over the Strait of Otranto. JG 27s last casualty, Unteroffizier Gerhard Siegling was shot down and killed in this action. He was the last of 150 German pilots killed in the theatre.

In June 1944 the invasion of France prompted I, III. and IV./JG 27 to be thrown into the battle, initially stationed on airfields around Rheims. By September the Jagdgruppen in France had been decimated, with JG 27 alone losing nearly 200 aircraft and 87 pilots killed and 62 wounded. (146 Allied aircraft were claimed shot down.) They were withdrawn to Saxonia for re-formation. In the meantime II./JG 27 were based in Austria, "working up" on the Bf 109 G-6/AS high altitude fighter.

By November JG 27 was back serving with Reich air defense, flying operations in the Southern Germany and Austria against the USAAF 15th Air Force bombing raids. On 2 November JG 27 suffered its highest losses on a single day, losing 53 aircraft with 27 pilots killed and 11 wounded, to the P-51 escort fighters of the USAAF, in return for six USAAF P-51 Mustangs shot down

The Geschwader also took part in the ill-fated Operation Bodenplatte attacks on Allied airfields on New Year's Day 1945, losing 15 pilots. The IV Gruppe was disbanded in March 1945 to provide reinforcements to the other Gruppen.

By 8 May, the remains of JG 27 were based near Salzburg, Austria. JG 27's commander surrendered to the American forces nearby. Although official records were lost at the end of the war, research suggests Jagdgeschwader 27 claimed over 3,100 kills for some 1,400 aircraft lost, and lost approximately 827 pilots killed, missing or POW during 1939-45.

Twenty-four JG 27 pilots earned the Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes.


Jagdgeschwader 27 - JG27

Geschwaderkommodore:

Stab:

Formed 1 Oct 1939 in Münster-Handorf.

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
1 Oct 1939 - Jan 1940 Münster-Handorf   Bf 109E
Jan 1940 - 31 Mar 1940 Krefeld   Bf 109E
1 Apr 1940 - 12 May 1940 Mönchen-Gladbach   Bf 109E
13 May 1940 - 16 May 1940 Odendorf   Bf 109E
16 May 1940 - 17 May 1940 Neufchateau   Bf 109E
17 May 1940 - 22 May 1940 Charleville   Bf 109E
22 May 1940 - 25 May 1940 Guise-NO/Tupigny   Bf 109E
25 May 1940 - 31 May 1940 St. Pol   Bf 109E
31 May 1940 - 7 Jun 1940 Guise   Bf 109E
7 Jun 1940 - 11 Jun 1940 Roupy-St. Quentin   Bf 109E
11 Jun 1940 - 15 Jun 1940 Saconin-et-Breuil   Bf 109E
15 Jun 1940 - 16 Jun 1940 Romilly   Bf 109E
16 Jun 1940 - 19 Jun 1940 Auxerre   Bf 109E
19 Jun 1940 - 27 Jun 1940 Nevers   Bf 109E
27 Jun 1940 - 30 Jun 1940 Romilly   Bf 109E
30 Jun 1940 - 14 Jul 1940 Plumentot   Bf 109E
14 Jul 1940 - 28 Aug 1940 Cherbourg-West   Bf 109E
28 Aug 1940 - 10 Nov 1940 Guines   Bf 109E
12 Nov 1940 - Jan 1941 Detmold   Bf 109E
26 Jan 1940 - 1 Mar 1941 Bukarest-Baneasa   Bf 109E
1 Mar 1941 - 14 Mar 1941 Krumovo   Bf 109E
14 Mar 1941 - 16 Apr 1941 Belica   Bf 109E
16 Apr 1941 - 20 Apr 1941 Ptolemais   Bf 109E
20 Apr 1941 - 26 Apr 1941 Larissa   Bf 109E
26 Apr 1941 - 13 May 1941 Athens-Eleusis   Bf 109E
May 1941 - 14 Jun 1941 Werneuchen   Bf 109E/F
14 Jun 1941 - 25 Jun 1941 Sobolewo   Bf 109F
25 Jun 1941 - 4 Jul 1941 Wilna   Bf 109F
4 Jul 1941 - 5 Jul 1941 Michaelitzky   Bf 109F
5 Jul 1941 - 6 Jul 1941 Sloboda   Bf 109F
6 Jul 1941 - 13 Jul 1941 Lepel   Bf 109F
13 Jul 1941 - 18 Jul 1941 Kamary   Bf 109F
18 Jul 1941 - 3 Aug 1941 Demidow*   Bf 109F
3 Aug 1941 - 24 Aug 1941 Solzy   Bf 109F
24 Aug 1941 - 6 Sep 1941 Spaskaja-Polist   Bf 109F
6 Sep 1941 - 29 Sep 1941 Ljuban   Bf 109F
2 Oct 1941 - 13 Oct 1941 Stabna   Bf 109F
Oct 1941 - Dec 1941 Döberitz   Bf 109F
4 Dec 1941 - Dec 1941 Bari   Bf 109F
10 Dec 1941 - 12 Dec 1941 Tmimi Bf 109F
12 Dec 1941 - 18 Dec 1941 Martuba FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
18 Dec 1941 - 22 Dec 1941 Got Bersis FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
22 Dec 1941 - 26 Dec 1941 Sirte FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
26 Dec 1941 - 1 Jan 1942 Arco Philaenorum FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
1 Jan 1942 - 4 Jan 1942 Agedabia FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
4 Jan 1942 - 27 Jan 1942 El Agheila FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
27 Jan 1942 - 1 Feb 1942 Agedabia FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
1 Feb 1942 - 7 Feb 1942 Berca-West   Bf 109F
7 Feb 1942 - 22 May 1942 Martuba FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
22 May 1942 - 26 Jun 1942 Tmimi FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
26 Jun 1942 - 29 Jun 1942 Sidi Barrani FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
29 Jun 1942 - 2 Jul 1942 Fuka FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
2 Jul 1942 - 4 Nov 1942 Mumin Busak FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
4 Nov 1942 - 11 Nov 1942 Gambut   Bf 109F
11 Nov 1942 - 12 Nov 1942 Martuba FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
12 Nov 1942 - 13 Nov 1942 Derna   Bf 109F
Dec 1942 - Dec 1942 Düsseldorf   Bf 109F
Dec 1942 - Feb 1943 Wien-Aspern   Bf 109F
Feb 1943 - Jun 1943 San Pietro   Bf 109F/G
Jun 1943 - Jul 1943 Lecce   Bf 109G
Jul 1943 - Oct 1943 Kalamaki   Bf 109G
Oct 1943 - Oct 1943 Podgorica   Bf 109G
Oct 1943 - 26 Feb 1944 Nisch   Bf 109G
27 Feb 1944 - 13 May 1944 Fels am Wagram   Bf 109G
13 May 1944 - 6 Jun 1944 Wien-Seyring   Bf 109G
6 Jun 1944 - 6 Jul 1944 Champfleury   Bf 109G
6 Jul 1944 - 16 Jul 1944 Connantre   Bf 109G
16 Jul 1944 - 17 Aug 1944 Champfleury   Bf 109G
17 Aug 1944 - 2 Sep 1944 Couvron   Bf 109G
2 Sep 1944 - 4 Sep 1944 Bonn-Hangelar   Bf 109G
4 Sep 1944 - 16 Oct 1944 Siegburg   Bf 109G
16 Oct 1944 - Nov 1944 Strehla/Riesa-Canitz   Bf 109G
Nov 1944 - 18 Mar 1945 Rheine   Bf 109G/K
18 Mar 1945 - 30 Mar 1945 Horn   Bf 109K
30 Mar 1945 - 31 Mar 1945 Helmstedt   Bf 109K
31 Mar 1945 - 8 Apr 1945 Salzgitter   Bf 109K
8 Apr 1945 - 11 Apr 1945 Breitenfeld   Bf 109K
11 Apr 1945 - 13 Apr 1945 Rathenow   Bf 109K
13 Apr 1945 - 30 Apr 1945 Schwerin-Görries   Bf 109K
30 Apr 1945 - 5 May 1945 Leck   Bf 109K

Jagdgeschwader 27 Emblem

I. Gruppe:

      Gruppenkommandeure:

  • Hptm Helmut Riegel, 1 Oct 1939 - 20 Jul 1940
  • Maj Eduard Neumann, Jul 1940 - 10 Jun 1942
  • Hptm Heinrich Setz, 12 Nov 1942 - 13 Mar 1943
  • Hptm Hans-Joachim Heinecke (acting), 17 Mar 1943 - 7 Apr 1943
  • Hptm Erich Hohagen, 7 Apr 1943 - 1 Jun 1943
  • Hptm Hans Remmer (acting), 1 Jun 1943 - 15 Jul 1943
  • Hptm Ludwig Franzisket, 15 Jul 1943 - 12 May 1944
  • Hptm Hans Remmer (acting), Mar 1944 - 2 Apr 1944
  • Hptm Walter Blume (acting), 3 Apr 1944 - Apr 1944
  • Hptm Ernst Boerngen, 13 May 1944 - 19 May 1944
  • Maj Karl-Wolfgang Redlich, 19 May 1944 - 29 May 1944
  • Hptm Walter Blume, 29 May 1944 - 11 Jun 1944
  • Hptm Rudolf Sinner, 12 Jun 1944 - 30 Jul 1944
  • Hptm Siegfried Luckenbach (acting), 30 Jul 1944 - 15 Aug 1944
  • Hptm Diethelm von Eichel-Streiber, 25 Aug 1944 - 30 Nov 1944
  • Hptm Johannes Neumayer, 1 Dec 1944 - 11 Dec 1944
  • Hptm Schüller (acting), 11 Dec 1944 - 22 Dec 1944
  • Hptm Eberhard Schade, 22 Dec 1944 - 1 Mar 1945
  • Lt Buchholz (acting), 1 Mar 1945 - 3 Apr 1945
  • Hptm Emil Clade, 3 Apr 1945 - 8 May 1945

Formed 1 Oct 1939 in Münster-Handorf with:

Stab I./JG27 new
1./JG27 new



2./JG27 new

3./JG27 emblem

3./JG27 new

14./JG27 was formed 12 Jun 1944 from parts of and was attached to the Gruppe between 12 Jun 1944 - 15 Aug 1944. On 15 Aug 1944 increased to 4 staffeln:

1./JG27 unchanged
2./JG27 unchanged
3./JG27 unchanged
4./JG27 from 14./JG27

4./JG27 was disbanded 14 Feb 1945.

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
1 Oct 1939 - 25 Oct 1939 Münster-Handorf Bf 109E
25 Oct 1939 - 27 Oct 1939 Hopsten VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 109E
27 Oct 1939 - 22 Jan 1940 Plantlünne VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 109E
22 Jan 1940 - 31 Mar 1940 Krefeld VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 109E
1 Apr 1940 - 13 May 1940 Mönchen-Gladbach VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 109E
13 May 1940 - 15 May 1940 Odendorf VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 109E
15 May 1940 - 18 May 1940 Jeneffe VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 109E
18 May 1940 - 22 May 1940 Charleville VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 109E
22 May 1940 - 25 May 1940 Guise VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 109E
25 May 1940 - 31 May 1940 St. Pol VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 109E
31 May 1940 - 6 Jun 1940 Guise VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 109E
7 Jun 1940 - 11 Jun 1940 Clastres VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 109E
11 Jun 1940 - 15 Jun 1940 Saconin-et-Breuil VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 109E
15 Jun 1940 - 16 Jun 1940 Romilly-sur-Seine VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 109E
16 Jun 1940 - 19 Jun 1940 Auxerre VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 109E
19 Jun 1940 - 27 Jun 1940 Nevers VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 109E
27 Jun 1940 - 28 Jun 1940 Romilly-sur-Seine VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 109E
28 Jun 1940 - 2 Jul 1940 Bremen-Neulanderfeld Luftgau XI Bf 109E
2 Jul 1940 - 28 Aug 1940 Plumentot VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 109E
28 Aug 1940 - 31 Aug 1940 Peuplingne/Leulinghen Bf 109E
31 Aug 1940 - 30 Sep 1940 Guines Jafü 2 Bf 109E
1 Oct 1940 - 21 Oct 1940 Stade Bf 109E
21 Oct 1940 - 25 Oct 1940 Krefeld Luftgau VI Bf 109E
25 Oct 1940 - 27 Oct 1940 Laval Bf 109E
27 Oct 1940 - 1 Nov 1940 Brest Jafü 3 Bf 109E
1 Nov 1940 - 3 Dec 1940 Dinan Jafü 3 Bf 109E
8 Dec 1940 - 1 Mar 1941 Döberitz   Bf 109E
1 Mar 1941 - 10 Mar 1941 Comiso   Bf 109E
10 Mar 1941 - 4 Apr 1941 München-Riem Luftgau VII Bf 109E
4 Apr 1941 - 11 Apr 1941 Graz-Thalerhof FlFü Graz Bf 109E
11 Apr 1941 - 21 Apr 1941 München-Riem Luftgau VII Bf 109E
21 Apr 1941 - 7 Dec 1941 Ain-el-Gazala FlFü Afrika Bf 109E/F
7 Dec 1941 - 12 Dec 1941 Tmimi FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
12 Dec 1941 - 17 Dec 1941 Martuba FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
17 Dec 1941 - 23 Dec 1941 Magrum FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
23 Dec 1941 - 26 Dec 1941 Sirte FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
25 Dec 1941 - 1 Jan 1942 Arco Philaenorum FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
1 Jan 1942 - 22 Jan 1942 Agedabia FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
22 Jan 1942 - 27 Jan 1942 El Agheila FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
27 Jan 1942 - 1 Feb 1942 Agedabia FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
1 Feb 1942 - 7 Feb 1942 Benina FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
7 Feb 1942 - 22 May 1942 Martuba FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
22 May 1942 - 14 Jun 1942 Tmimi FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
14 Jun 1942 - 16 Jun 1942 Derna FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
16 Jun 1942 - 22 Jun 1942 Ain-el-Gazala FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
22 Jun 1942 - 25 Jun 1942 Gambut FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
25 Jun 1942 - 27 Jun 1942 Sidi Barrani FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
27 Jun 1942 - 2 Jul 1942 Bir-el-Astas FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
2 Jul 1942 - 7 Jul 1942 Mumin Busak FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
7 Jul 1942 - 20 Jul 1942 Turbiya FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
20 Jul 1942 - 2 Oct 1942 Quotaifiya FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
2 Oct 1942 - 5 Oct 1942 Bari II. Fliegerkorps Bf 109F/G
5 Oct 1942 - 23 Oct 1942 Pachino II. Fliegerkorps Bf 109F/G
24 Oct 1942 - 25 Oct 1942 Athens-Eleusis FlFü Afrika Bf 109G
25 Oct 1942 - 27 Oct 1942 Tobruk FlFü Afrika Bf 109G
27 Oct 1942 - 5 Nov 1942 Tanyet-Harun FlFü Afrika Bf 109G
5 Nov 1942 - 6 Nov 1942 Sidi Barrani FlFü Afrika Bf 109G
6 Nov 1942 - 11 Nov 1942 Menastir FlFü Afrika Bf 109G
11 Nov 1942 - 13 Nov 1942 Arco Philaenorum FlFü Afrika Bf 109G
Nov 1942 - Jan 1943 Krefeld Luftgau VI Bf 109G
Jan 1943 - 31 Jan 1943 Evreux* Jafü 3 Bf 109G
31 Jan 1943 - 14 Apr 1943 Bernay* Jafü 3 Bf 109G
14 Apr 1943 - Jun 1943 Poix* Jafü 3 Bf 109G
Jun 1943 - 28 Jul 1943 Marignane* Jafü Südfrankreich Bf 109G
29 Jul 1943 - 13 Aug 1943 Münster-Handorf Jafü Holland- Ruhrgebiet Bf 109G
14 Aug 1943 - 22 Aug 1943 Markersdorf 7. JD Bf 109G
22 Aug 1943 - 6 Jun 1944 Fels am Wagram Jafü Ostmark Bf 109G
7 Jun 1944 - 17 Jun 1944 Vertus 4. JD Bf 109G
17 Jun 1944 - 22 Jun 1944 Vannes 5. JD Bf 109G
22 Jun 1944 - 26 Jun 1944 Angers 5. JD Bf 109G
26 Jun 1944 - 30 Jun 1944 Vertus 4. JD Bf 109G
30 Jun 1944 - 15 Jul 1944 Cheniers 4. JD Bf 109G
15 Jul 1944 - 27 Jul 1944 Varades 5. JD Bf 109G
27 Jul 1944 - 15 Aug 1944 Champfleury 4. JD Bf 109G
16 Aug 1944 - Oct 1944 Hoya Luftflotte Reich Bf 109G
Oct 1944 - 19 Nov 1944 Riesa 1. JD Bf 109G/K
19 Nov 1944 - 19 Mar 1945 Rheine   Bf 109G/K
19 Mar 1945 - 30 Mar 1945 Störmede   Bf 109K
30 Mar 1945 - 8 Apr 1945 Helmstedt   Bf 109K
8 Apr 1945 - 10 Apr 1945 Salzwedel   Bf 109K
10 Apr 1945 - 12 Apr 1945 Stendal   Bf 109K
12 Apr 1945 - 19 Apr 1945 Grossenhain   Bf 109K
19 Apr 1945 - 21 Apr 1945 Prag-Gbell   Bf 109K
21 Apr 1945 - 3 May 1945 Bad Aibling   Bf 109K
3 May 1945 - 8 May 1945 Salzburg   Bf 109K

* 2./JG27 at Evreux (Jan 1943 - Feb 1943, Jafü 3), Beaumont-le-Roger (Feb 1943 - 15 Mar 1943, Jafü 3), Amsterdam-Schiphol (15 Mar 1943 - 25 Mar 1943, Jafü Holland-Ruhrgebiet) and Leeuwarden (25 Mar 1943 - Jun 1943, Jafü Holland-Ruhrgebiet), and then joined Stab I. and 1./JG27 at Marignane in Jun 1943; 3./JG27 remained at Poix, and moved to Münster-Handorf on 29 Jul 1943.

II./JG27 emblem

II. Gruppe:

Gruppenkommandeure:

Formed 3 Jan 1940 in Magdeburg-Ost with:

Stab II./JG27 new
4./JG27 new



5./JG27 new



6./JG27 new

On 15 Aug 1944 reorganized:

5./JG27 unchanged
6./JG27 unchanged

7./JG27 emblem

7./JG27 from the old 4./JG27

8./JG27 emblem8./JG27 emblem

8./JG27 formed Oct 1944 (new)

8./JG27 was disbanded 14 Feb 1945.

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
3 Jan 1940 - 24 Feb 1940 Magdeburg-Ost Luftgau III Bf 109E
16 Feb 1940 - 19 Apr 1940 Döberitz Luftgau III Bf 109E
20 Apr 1940 - 24 Apr 1940 Bönninghardt* Jafü 2 Bf 109E
24 Apr 1940 - 3 May 1940 Döberitz Jafü 2 Bf 109E
3 May 1940 - 9 May 1940 Bönninghardt* Jafü 2 Bf 109E
10 May 1940 - 18 May 1940 Wesel** Jafü 2 Bf 109E
18 May 1940 - 23 May 1940 St. Trond Jafü 2 Bf 109E
23 May 1940 - 5 Jun 1940 Brüssel-Evère Jafü 2 Bf 109E
5 Jun 1940 - 7 Jun 1940 Guise-Nord VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 109E
7 Jun 1940 - 11 Jun 1940 Clastres VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 109E
11 Jun 1940 - 15 Jun 1940 Saconin-et-Breuil VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 109E
15 Jun 1940 - 28 Jun 1940 Romilly-sur-Seine VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 109E
28 Jun 1940 - 12 Jul 1940 Wunstorf*** Luftgau XI Bf 109E
12 Jul 1940 - 5 Aug 1940 Leeuwarden***   Bf 109E
5 Aug 1940 - 28 Aug 1940 Crépon VIII. Fliegerkorps Bf 109E
28 Aug 1940 - 24 Sep 1940 Fiennes Jafü 2 Bf 109E
24 Sep 1940 - 5 Nov 1940 St. Inglevert Jafü 2 Bf 109E
5 Nov 1940 - 10 Jan 1941 Detmold   Bf 109E
10 Jan 1941 - 26 Jan 1941 Wien-Schwechat   Bf 109E
26 Jan 1941 - 1 Mar 1941 Bukarest-Baneasa   Bf 109E
1 Mar 1941 - 13 Apr 1941 Vrba   Bf 109E
13 Apr 1941 - 17 Apr 1941 Bitolj   Bf 109E
17 Apr 1941 - 20 Apr 1941 Ptolemais   Bf 109E
20 Apr 1941 - 26 Apr 1941 Larissa-Eleftherion   Bf 109E
26 Apr 1941 - 11 May 1941 Athen-Eleusis   Bf 109E
12 May 1941 - 18 Jun 1941 Werneuchen   Bf 109E
18 Jun 1941 - 25 Jun 1941 Praszniki   Bf 109E
25 Jun 1941 - 23 Jul 1941 Wilna****   Bf 109E
24 Jul 1941 - 24 Sep 1941 Döberitz   Bf 109F
24 Sep 1941 - 7 Dec 1941 Ain-el-Gazala FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
7 Dec 1941 - 12 Dec 1941 Tmimi FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
12 Dec 1941 - 17 Dec 1941 Derna FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
17 Dec 1941 - 23 Dec 1941 Magrum FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
23 Dec 1941 - 22 Jan 1942 Arco Philaenorum FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
22 Jan 1942 - 27 Jan 1942 El Aghelia FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
27 Jan 1942 - 1 Feb 1942 Agedabia/Bel Audah FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
1 Feb 1942 - 7 Feb 1942 Benina FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
7 Feb 1942 - 23 May 1942 Martuba FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
23 May 1942 - 23 Jun 1942 Tmimi FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
23 Jun 1942 - 26 Jun 1942 Menastir FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
26 Jun 1942 - 30 Jun 1942 Sidi Barrani FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
30 Jun 1942 - 2 Jul 1942 Fuka FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
2 Jul 1942 - 30 Oct 1942 Quotaifiya FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
30 Oct 1942 - 3 Nov 1941 Tobruk FlFü Afrika Bf 109F/G
3 Nov 1942 - 6 Nov 1942 Gambut FlFü Afrika Bf 109F/G
6 Nov 1942 - 12 Nov 1942 Menastir FlFü Afrika Bf 109F/G
12 Nov 1942 - 14 Nov 1942 Berca FlFü Afrika Bf 109F/G
14 Nov 1942 - 17 Nov 1942 Arco Philaenorum FlFü Afrika Bf 109F/G
17 Nov 1942 - 18 Nov 1942 Magrum FlFü Afrika Bf 109F/G
18 Nov 1942 - 6 Dec 1942 Nofilia/Merduma FlFü Afrika Bf 109F/G
Dec 1942 - 2 Jan 1943 Düsseldorf   none
2 Jan 1943 - 27 Feb 1943 Wien-Aspern   Bf 109G
27 Feb 1943 - 20 Jun 1943 Trapani*****   Bf 109G
20 Jun 1943 - 3 Jul 1943 Lecce   Bf 109G
3 Jul 1943 - 30 Jul 1943 San Vito dei Normanni   Bf 109G
1 Aug 1943 - 19 Aug 1943 Wiesbaden-Erbenheim   Bf 109G
20 Aug 1943 - 12 Sep 1943 Eschborn   Bf 109G
12 Sep 1943 - 18 Nov 1943 St. Dizier   Bf 109G
18 Nov 1943 - 13 May 1944 Wiesbaden-Erbenheim   Bf 109G
13 May 1944 - 20 May 1944 Merzhausen   Bf 109G
20 May 1944 - 3 Jun 1944 Unterschlauersbach   Bf 109G
3 Jun 1944 - 7 Jun 1944 Eisenstadt   Bf 109G
7 Jun 1944 - 26 Aug 1944 Fels am Wagram   Bf 109G
26 Aug 1944 - 3 Sep 1944 Borkheide   Bf 109G
3 Sep 1944 - 17 Sep 1944 Finsterwalde   Bf 109G
17 Sep 1944 - Oct 1944 Gütersloh   Bf 109G
Oct 1944 - 19 Nov 1944 Riesa-Canitz   Bf 109G/K
19 Nov 1944 - 21 Mar 1945 Rheine-Hopsten   Bf 109G/K
21 Mar 1945 - 30 Mar 1945 Bad Lippspringe   Bf 109G
30 Mar 1945 - 8 Apr 1945 Völkenrode   Bf 109G
8 Apr 1945 - 11 Apr 1945 Helmstedt   Bf 109G
11 Apr 1945 - 13 Apr 1945 Rathenow   Bf 109G
13 Apr 1945 - 13 Apr 1945 Perleberg   Bf 109G
13 Apr 1945 - 30 Apr 1945 Schwerin   Bf 109G
30 Apr 1945 - 8 May 1945 Leck   Bf 109G

* 4./JG27 at Essen-Mühlheim, 20 Apr 1940 - 24 Apr 1940 and 3 May 1940 - 9 May 1940

** 5./JG27 remained at Bönninghardt until 15 May 1940

*** 5./JG27 at Jever, 11 Jul 1940 - 13 Jul 1940; 6./JG27 at Delmenhorst, 8 Jul 1940 - 2 Aug 1940 and Groningen, 2 Aug 1940 - 5 Aug 1940

**** no aircraft from 1 Jul 1941

***** detachment at San Pietro, 28 Feb 1943 - 4 Apr 1943

III./JG27 emblem

III. Gruppe:

Gruppenkommandeure:

  • Hptm Joachim Schlichting, 9 Jul 1940 - 6 Sep 1940
  • Hptm Max Dobislav, 7 Sep 1940 - 30 Sep 1941
  • Hptm Erhard Braune, 1 Oct 1941 - 11 Oct 1942
  • Olt Franz Stigler (acting), 1 Oct 1944 - 7 Oct 1944
  • Hptm Dr. Peter Werfft, Oct 1944 - 7 May 1945
  • Olt Emil Clade (acting), Feb 1945 - 3 Apr 1945

Formed 9 Jul 1940 in Carquebut from with:

Stab III./JG27 from Stab I./JG1
7./JG27 from 1./JG1
8./JG27 from 2./JG1
9./JG27 from 3./JG1

In Jun 1943 8./JG27 was used to form IV./JG27 (becoming 12./JG27), and a new 8./JG27 was formed. 10./JG27 was added Mar 1944 from parts of 7./JG27. Between 20 May 1944 and 15 Jun 1944, 7./JG27 was known as 7. (Ersatz)/JG27. On 1 May 1944 10./JG27 became 13./JG27, but still belonged to III./JG27. JG27 was reorganised on 15 Aug 1944:





9./JG27 unchanged
10./JG27 from 13./JG27
11./JG27 from the old 8./JG27
12./JG27 from the old 7./JG27

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
9 Jul 1940 - 28 Aug 1940 Carquebut   Bf 109E
28 Aug 1940 - 10 Nov 1940 Guines   Bf 109E
10 Nov 1940 - Nov 1940 Diepholz   Bf 109E
Nov 1940 - Feb 1941 Vechta   Bf 109E
2 Feb 1941 - Feb 1941 Bukarest-Baneasa   Bf 109E
Feb 1941 - Mar 1941 Giulesti   Bf 109E
Mar 1941 - 10 Mar 1941 Vrba   Bf 109E
10 Mar 1941 - 10 Apr 1941 Belica   Bf 109E
10 Apr 1941 - 16 Apr 1941 Bitolj   Bf 109E
16 Apr 1941 - 21 Apr 1941 Kozani   Bf 109E
21 Apr 1941 - 26 Apr 1941 Larissa-Eleftherion   Bf 109E
26 Apr 1941 - 2 May 1941 Athen-Eleusis   Bf 109E
2 May 1941 - 24 May 1941 Gela   Bf 109E
24 May 1941 - 12 Jun 1941 Suwalki   Bf 109E
12 Jun 1941 - 25 Jun 1941 Sobolewo   Bf 109E
25 Jun 1941 - 1 Jul 1941 Wilna   Bf 109E
1 Jul 1941 - 3 Jul 1941 Michaliezky   Bf 109E
3 Jul 1941 - 6 Jul 1941 Sloboda   Bf 109E
6 Jul 1941 - 13 Jul 1941 Lepel   Bf 109E
13 Jul 1941 - 16 Jul 1941 Kamary   Bf 109E
16 Jul 1941 - 30 Jul 1941 Demidowo   Bf 109E
30 Jul 1941 - 31 Jul 1941 Andrejewa   Bf 109E
31 Jul 1941 - 24 Aug 1941 Solzy   Bf 109E
24 Aug 1941 - 6 Sep 1941 Spaskaja-Polist   Bf 109E
6 Sep 1941 - 2 Oct 1941 Ljuban   Bf 109E
2 Oct 1941 - 9 Oct 1941 Stabna   Bf 109E
9 Oct 1941 - Oct 1941 Dugino   Bf 109E
Oct 1941 - 16 Oct 1941 Stabna   Bf 109E
17 Oct 1941 - 6 Dec 1941 Döberitz   Bf 109E/F
6 Dec 1941 - 12 Dec 1941 Tmimi FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
12 Dec 1941 - 17 Dec 1941 Martuba FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
17 Dec 1941 - 26 Dec 1941 Magrum FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
26 Dec 1941 - 31 Dec 1941 Agedabia FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
31 Dec 1941 - Jan 1942 Arco Philaenorum FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
Jan 1942 - 1 Feb 1942 Agedabia FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
1 Feb 1942 - 7 Feb 1942 Benina FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
7 Feb 1942 - 17 Jun 1942 Martuba* FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
17 Jun 1942 - 22 Jun 1942 Ain-el-Gazala* FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
22 Jun 1942 - 24 Jun 1942 Gambut* FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
24 Jun 1942 - 27 Jun 1942 Sidi Barrani* FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
27 Jun 1942 - 30 Jun 1942 Bir-el-Astas* FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
30 Jun 1942 - 2 Jul 1942 Fuka* FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
2 Jul 1942 - 9 Jul 1942 Mumin Busak* FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
9 Jul 1942 - 21 Jul 1942 Quotaifiya* FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
21 Jul 1942 - 3 Sep 1942 Haggag-el-Quasaba* FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
3 Sep 1942 - Oct 1942 Turbiya* FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
2 Nov 1942 - 4 Nov 1942 Tobruk* FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
4 Nov 1942 - 12 Nov 1942 Benghasi FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
12 Nov 1942 - Mar 1943 Kastelli (Crete)**   Bf 109F/G
Mar 1943 - Mar 1943 Bari**   Bf 109F/G
Mar 1943 - 31 Mar 1943 Trapani**   Bf 109F/G
31 Mar 1943 - May 1943 San Pietro**   Bf 109F/G
May 1943 - Jun 1943 Lecce   Bf 109F/G
Jun 1943 - 14 Jul 1943 Tanagra   Bf 109G
14 Jul 1943 - Jul 1943 Brindisi   Bf 109G
Jul 1943 - 23 Sep 1943 Wien-Götzendorf   Bf 109G
23 Sep 1943 - 10 Nov 1943 Argos***   Bf 109G
10 Nov 1943 - Nov 1943 Kalamaki   Bf 109G
Nov 1943 - 3 Dec 1943 Tanagra   Bf 109G
3 Dec 1943 - Mar 1944 Kalamaki****   Bf 109G
Mar 1944 - 2 Apr 1944 Wien-Seyring   Bf 109G
2 Apr 1944 - 11 Apr 1944 Wolkersdorf   Bf 109G
11 Apr 1944 - 25 Apr 1944 Börgönd   Bf 109G
25 Apr 1944 - Apr 1944 Semlin   Bf 109G
Apr 1944 - May 1944 Franzfeld   Bf 109G
May 1944 - 6 Jun 1944 Götzendorf   Bf 109G
6 Jun 1944 - 15 Aug 1944 Connentre   Bf 109G
15 Aug 1944 - 25 Aug 1944 Ermenonville   Bf 109G
25 Aug 1944 - 28 Aug 1944 Lappion-Boncourt   Bf 109G
28 Aug 1944 - 4 Sep 1944 St. Trond-Orsmaal   Bf 109G
4 Sep 1944 - 5 Sep 1944 Eschborn   Bf 109G
5 Sep 1944 - 16 Oct 1944 Köln-Wahn   Bf 109G
16 Oct 1944 - Dec 1944 Grossenhain   Bf 109G/K
Dec 1944 - 18 Mar 1945 Hesepe   Bf 109G/K
18 Mar 1945 - 29 Mar 1945 Gütersloh   Bf 109K
29 Mar 1945 - 8 Apr 1945 Goslar   Bf 109K
8 Apr 1945 - 11 Apr 1945 Halberstadt   Bf 109K
11 Apr 1945 - Apr 1945 Grossenhain   Bf 109K
Apr 1945 - 20 Apr 1945 Prague-Gbell   Bf 109K
20 Apr 1945 - 2 May 1945 Bad Aibling   Bf 109K
2 May 1945 - May 1945 Salzburg   Bf 109K
May 1945 - 8 May 1945 Saalbach   Bf 109K

* a detachment served at Kastelli (as Jagdkommando Kreta), 23 Mar 1942 - Nov 1942

** 8./JG27 was based at Gadurra (Rhodos), 18 Jan 1943 - 25 Feb 1943, and at Kastelli Feb 1943 - May 1943; detachment served at Athens-Tatoi Nov 1942 - Jan 1943

*** detachments served at Paramythia (Sep 1943), Gadurra (Oct 1943) and Malemes (Oct 1943).

**** detachments served at Devoli, Araxos and Malemes (all Dec 1943).

IV./JG27 emblemIV./JG27 emblem

IV. Gruppe:

Gruppenkommandeure:

  • Olt Dietrich Boesler (acting), Sep 1943 - 10 Oct 1943
  • Olt Alfred Burk (acting), Oct 1943 - 18 Oct 1943
  • Hptm Joachim Kirschner, 19 Oct 1943 - 17 Dec 1943
  • Hptm Otto Meyer, Dec 1943 - 12 Jul 1944
  • Hptm Hanns-Heinz Dudeck, Jul 1944 - 1 Jan 1945
  • Hptm Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert, 2 Jan 1945 - 23 Mar 1945

Formed May 1943 in Kalamaki with 10. - 12. staffeln with:

Stab IV./JG27 new
10./JG27 new
11./JG27 new
12./JG27 from 8./JG27

15./JG27 was formed 12 Jun 1944 and joined the Gruppe. IV./JG27 was reorganised 15 Aug 1944:

13./JG27 from 10./JG27
14./JG27 from 12./JG27
15./JG27 from 11./JG27
16./JG27 from the old 15./JG27

IV./JG27 was disbanded on 31 Mar 1945.

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
May 1943 - 17 Jul 1943 Kalamaki*   Bf 109F/G
17 Jul 1943 - 8 Sep 1943 Tanagra**   Bf 109F/G
8 Sep 1943 - 18 Sep 1943 Kalamaki   Bf 109F/G
18 Sep 1943 - 18 Sep 1943 Tanagra   Bf 109F/G
18 Sep 1943 - 28 Oct 1943 Kalamaki***   Bf 109F/G
28 Oct 1943 - 22 Nov 1943 Podgorica   Bf 109F/G
22 Nov 1943 - Dec 1943 Mostar   Bf 109G
6 Dec 1943 - 3 Feb 1944 Skoplje****   Bf 109G
4 Feb 1944 - 23 Mar 1944 Nisch   Bf 109G
23 Mar 1944 - 4 Apr 1944 Graz-Thalerhof   Bf 109G
4 Apr 1944 - 10 Apr 1944 Steinamanger   Bf 109G
10 Apr 1944 - 3 May 1944 Vat   Bf 109G
3 May 1944 - 23 May 1944 Steinamanger   Bf 109G
23 May 1944 - 27 May 1944 Agram   Bf 109G
27 May 1944 - 6 Jun 1944 Vat   Bf 109G
7 Jun 1944 - 14 Jul 1944 Champfleury-la-Perthe   Bf 109G
14 Jul 1944 - 2 Aug 1944 Beaufort   Bf 109G
2 Aug 1944 - 18 Aug 1944 Champfleury-la-Perthe   Bf 109G
18 Aug 1944 - 13 Oct 1944 Hustedt   Bf 109G
13 Oct 1944 - 18 Oct 1944 Oschatz   Bf 109G
18 Oct 1944 - 19 Nov 1944 Pomssen   Bf 109G/K
19 Nov 1944 - 31 Mar 1945 Achmer   Bf 109G/K

* 10./JG27 was based at Larissa-Eleftherion during Jul 1943, and 12./JG27 was based at Malemes 24 May 1943 - Jul 1943

** detachments served at Araxos, Agrinion, Maloi, Sedes, Maritsa, Gadurra, Chanea and Iraklion

*** one staffel was based at Gadurra during Oct 1943

**** detachments served at Tirana, Devoli, Mostar and Podgorica

10.(Jabo)/JG27:

Formed 5 May 1942 in Martuba. On 1 Sep 1942 redesignated 2./Jabogruppe Afrika.

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
5 May 1942 - 17 Jun 1942 Martuba FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
17 Jun 1942 - 22 Jun 1942 Ain-el-Gazala FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
22 Jun 1942 - 25 Jun 1942 Gambut FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
25 Jun 1942 - 1 Jul 1942 Sidi Barrani FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
1 Jul 1942 - 20 Jul 1942 Quotaifiya FlFü Afrika Bf 109F
20 Jul 1942 - 1 Sep 1942 Haggag-el-Quasaba FlFü Afrika Bf 109F

15. (span.)/JG27:

Staffelkapitän:

  • Comandante Don Angel Salas Larrazabal, Jul 1941 - Mar 1942

Formed 23 Jul 1941 in Madrid as span. Jagdstaffel. The crews were transferred to Werneuchen 27 Jul 1941 for two months of training, and moved to Moschna on 24 Sep 1941, now as 15. (span.)/JG27. Officially disbanded 4 Mar 1942 in Madrid.

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
24 Sep 1941 - 7 Oct 1941 Moschna   Bf 109E
7 Oct 1941 - 9 Oct 1941 Bjeloj   Bf 109E
9 Oct 1941 - 16 Oct 1941 Konaja   Bf 109E
16 Oct 1941 - 28 Oct 1941 Kalinin   Bf 109E
28 Oct 1941 - 6 Nov 1941 Staritza   Bf 109E
6 Nov 1941 - 25 Nov 1941 Russa   Bf 109E
25 Nov 1941 - 10 Dec 1941 Klin   Bf 109E
10 Dec 1941 - 15 Dec 1941 Russa   Bf 109E
15 Dec 1941 - 7 Jan 1942 Dugino   Bf 109E
7 Jan 1942 - 13 Feb 1942 Witebsk   Bf 109E

Ergänzungsgruppe:

Kommandeur:

  • Hptm Erich Gerlitz, 13 Oct 1940 - 12 Jun 1941
  • Hptm Herbert Nebenführ, 12 Jun 1941 - 2 Feb 1942

Formed 13 Oct 1940 in Guines, as Erg.Staffel/JG27. On 12 Jun 1941 became Ergänzungsgruppe/JG27 with:

Stab of Ergänzungsgruppe/JG27 new
1. Einsatzstaffel/JG27 new
2. Ausbildungsstaffel/JG27 from Erg.Sta./JG27

Disbanded 2 Feb 1942:

Stab of Ergänzungsgruppe/JG27 became
1. Einsatzstaffel/JG27 became
2. Ausbildungsstaffel became 2./EJGr.Süd

Airfields and Air Base Locations
Date Location Gruppe Aircraft Used
13 Oct 1940 - 10 Nov 1940 Guines   Bf 109E
10 Nov 1940 - Jan 1941 Oldenburg   Bf 109E
Jan 1941 - May 1941 Parndorf   Bf 109E
May 1941 - Jul 1941 Grottkau   Bf 109E
Jul 1941 - 13 Nov 1941 Uetersen   Bf 109E
13 Nov 1941 - Jan 1942 Aalborg-West*   Bf 109E
Jan 1942 - 2 Feb 1942 Mannheim-Sandhofen   Bf 109E

* 1. Staffel remained in Uetersen until Jan 1942.

  • Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen,
  • Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen,
  • Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen,
  • Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen,
  • Flugzeugbestand und Bewegungsmeldungen,

 Editor for Asisbiz: Matthew Laird Acred
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